Index

References are to document numbers

  • Abrasimov, Pyotr A., 54, 261
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 2
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 293, 295
      • Acrimonious discussions between Soviet-British-French ambassadors, 291
      • Agreement (final), 327, 329
      • Agreement (tentative), 281, 296
      • Air corridors to Berlin closed, 121
      • Ambassadorial meetings, December 11, 1970, 144
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 25, 1971, 242
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 10-12, 1971, 284, 286, 287
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 16-18, 1971, 293, 295
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 210, 215, 222
      • Draft agreement, Western, 242
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 152, 168
      • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 166
      • Nixon-Soviet leadership communications, 166
      • Passport issues, 281, 296
      • Private negotiation channels, 207, 208, 210, 211, 212, 214, 215, 217, 221, 226, 227
      • Rush, meetings with, 114, 251, 281
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 243, 263
      • Rush’s assessments, 122, 196
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 170
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 250, 270, 272, 281, 284, 295
    • Paris, assignment to, 230
  • Access/checkpoint issues in Berlin (see also under Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin), 33, 34
  • Acheson, Dean, 133
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 149
    • Nixon, meetings with, 140
    • Ostpolitik, 143, 146, 149, 150, 155
    • Soviet-U.S. relations, 254
  • Ackerson, Col. Frederick, 279
  • Adenauer, Konrad, 164, 335
  • Adzhubei, Alexei, 138
  • Africa, 335
  • Agnew, Spiro T., 6, 126
  • Agriculture, 335
  • Ahlers, Conrad, 15, 16, 79, 115, 154, 254
  • Akalovsky, Alexander, 212, 214, 270, 323
  • Albania, 335
  • Allott, Gordon, 196
  • Alphand, Hervé, 153
  • Alsop, Joseph R., Jr., 22
  • Anderson, David, 362
  • Apollo missions:
  • Arabs. See Middle East.
  • Arendt, Walter, 150
  • Argentina, 336
  • Ash, Roy L., 378
  • Audland, Christopher J., 199
  • Austria, 372
  • Bahr, Egon, 44, 228
    • Brandt, no-confidence motion submitted against, 358
    • Brandt’s review of global affairs, 255
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin (see also Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations and Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings under Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin):
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 188, 210, 224, 264, 266, 292
      • Agreement (final), 329, 349
      • Agreement (tentative), 271, 274, 275, 277, 308, 313
      • Ambassadorial meetings, November 17–18, 1970, 137
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 17–18, 1971, 239, 240
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 10–12, 1971, 287
      • Assessments conveyed to U.S. State Department, 67
      • Backchannel discussions between Kissinger/Rush/Bahr, 171, 172, 183, 187
      • Brandt’s trip to U.S., 80
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 87, 146, 150
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 215, 224, 230, 234, 235
      • European alliance/unity, 68
      • Falin, communications with, 210
      • Falin, meetings with, 157
      • Fazio, meetings with, 168
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 174, 224, 243, 248, 249, 264, 265, 266
      • Fessenden-Sahm meetings, 154
      • Gromyko, meetings with, 59, 68, 70, 84
      • Hillenbrand, meetings with, 107
      • Kissinger, communications with, 102, 167, 168, 192, 215, 249, 264, 265, 275, 308, 349
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 224, 226, 257
      • Kissinger, meetings with (proposed), 222
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 178, 183, 262
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 210, 263, 265, 266, 270, 271, 274, 277
      • Leaking information, 243
      • Legal formula as to status, 226, 228, 235
      • Linkage between Berlin settlement and other issues, 83
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 139
      • Nixon, communications with, 236, 237, 238
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 254
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 374, 381, 382
      • Rush, development of the relationship with, 210
      • Rush, meetings with, 97, 141, 229, 251
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 222, 381
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 230, 257, 274
      • Tactics for the wrapup ambassadorial meetings, 270
      • Traffic issues, 182, 183, 264, 265, 266
    • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 36
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 36, 140
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below):
      • Assessments conveyed to Kissinger, 134
      • Brandt’s U.S. trip, 79
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 146, 150, 164
      • Ehmke’s trip to U.S. (proposed), 150
      • Gromyko, meetings with, 74, 79, 85, 91
      • Hillenbrand, meetings with, 107
      • Kissinger, communications with, 85, 102
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 76, 108
      • Kissinger, meetings with (proposed), 222
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 146
      • New York Times, coverage of, 151
      • Rush, meetings with, 91
      • Rush’s assessments, 92
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 222
      • Sonnenfeldt’s European trip, 89
      • Soviet officials, meetings with, 138, 141
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 56, 97
    • Soviet-East German relations, 36
    • Soviet-U.S. relations, 330, 331
    • Soviet-West German relations:
      • Brandt upgrades negotiations with Soviets, 50
      • Gromyko, meetings with, 61, 68
      • Kissinger, communications with, 50
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 36
      • Moscow trip (actual), 55
      • Moscow trip (proposed), 51
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 80, 108, 243
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359
      • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 344, 345
      • Dean, communications with, 344
      • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 354
      • Kissinger, communications with, 330, 352
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 348, 353
      • Kissinger, meetings with (proposed), 345
      • Lednev, meetings with, 353
      • Media, statements to the, 348
      • Rogers’ trip to Bonn, 365
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 345
      • Vietnam linked to, 350
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 141
      • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359
      • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 354
      • Kissinger, communications with, 352
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 348, 353
      • Kissinger, meetings with (proposed), 345
      • Lednev, meetings with, 353
      • Media, statements to the, 348
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 158
      • Rogers’ trip to Bonn, 365
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 36, 108
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 373
    • U.S. visit (proposed), controversy over, 28
    • Vietnam, 352
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 30, 36
    • West-East German relations, 40, 43, 369, 371
  • Baker, John A., Jr., 147
  • Ball, George, 161
  • Bartholomew, Reginald, 111
  • Barzel, Rainer, 318, 329, 335
    • Brandt, attempts to unseat, 86
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358
    • Elections (1972) between Brandt and, 378, 380, 385
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 219
      • Agreement (final), 328
      • Agreement (tentative), 275
      • Assessments conveyed to U.S. State Department, 69
      • Brandt, meetings with, 275
      • Brandt, rift between Barzel and, 188, 189
      • Draft agreement, Western, 189
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 219
      • Hillenbrand, meetings with, 384
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 115, 219
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 384
      • Rush, meetings with, 179, 220, 251, 328
    • Nixon, meetings with:
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 218, 220
      • Ostpolitik, 218, 220
      • Rush-Barzel meetings, 220
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 338
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 338
    • Nixon’s election victory over George McGovern, 384
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below):
      • Assessments conveyed to U.S. State Department, 69
      • Christian Democratic Union’s concerns, 72
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 115
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 103
      • Nixon, meetings with, 218, 220
      • Opposition to, 86
      • Rush, meetings with, 179
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Dean, meetings with, 116, 220
      • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 354
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 115, 219
      • Nixon, meetings with, 338
      • Soviet Union, trip to the, 338
      • U.S. assistance, request for, 359, 362, 363
      • Vietnam linked to, 116, 220, 338, 367
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970):
      • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 354
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 219
      • Nixon, meetings with, 338
      • U.S. assistance, request for, 359, 362, 363
      • Vietnam linked to, 338, 367
    • West-East German relations, 384
  • Bauer, Leo, 92
  • Beam, Jacob D., 19, 21, 54, 102, 170
  • Belgium, 336
  • Berg, Hermann von, 43, 60
  • Bergsten, C. Fred, 89
  • Beria, Lavrenti, 343
  • Berlin (see also Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin; Ostpolitik):
    • Abrasimov-Lodge meetings, 2
    • Access/checkpoint issues, 33, 34
    • Air corridors closed, 121
    • Allied probe on Berlin: a status report, 47
    • Bundestag convening in West Berlin, Soviet protests over, 48
    • Bundesversammlung (Federal Convention) in West Berlin:
      • Abrasimov-Lodge meetings, 2
      • Brandt-Rusk communications, 3
      • Kiesinger-Tsarapkin meetings, 13
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin communication, 11
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 48
      • Kissinger-Rogers communications, 4, 5
      • Meeting on March 3, 1969, 17
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 6, 7
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 15
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 4, 7
      • Nixon-Pauls meetings, 5
      • Rogers’ assessments, 4
      • Rogers-Dobrynin meetings, 8, 13
      • Rusk-Lodge communications, 3
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 9
      • Soviet-Chinese military skirmish over Chenpao Island, 17
      • Soviet-West German relations, 7
      • Travel restrictions, 7, 8
      • Tripartite reply on, 10
      • Voting rights challenged, West Berlin’s, 7
    • Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union meeting in Berlin, 137
    • Contingency planning on, review of, 34
    • Dobrynin-Rogers meetings, 8
    • Four Power talks accepted, 54
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 17
    • Kissinger-Helms communications, 12
    • Kissinger-Laird communications, 12
    • Kissinger-Rogers communications, 12
    • Military traffic (U.S.) over the Autobahn to and from West Berlin, 12
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 18, 34
    • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 11
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 15, 16
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 26, 42
    • Nixon-Kosygin communications, 19
    • Nixon’s trip to West Berlin, 17
    • Rogers’ assessments, 42
    • Social Democratic Party holding meetings in, 148
    • State Department (U.S.) and White House, confusion between, 32
    • Transitional arrangements, 20
    • Travel restrictions to, 1
    • Tripartite aidemémoire to Soviets, 47
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29, 30, 31, 36
    • Western proposal of December 16, 1969, Soviet response to, 54
  • Bertsch, Herbert, 130
  • Big Minh, 23
  • Bilderberg Group, 215, 224, 226
  • Binder, David, 46, 149, 150, 154
  • Birrenbach, Kurt, 189, 220, 338
  • Bismarck, Otto von, 161
  • Blumenfeld, Erik, 46
  • Boerner, Michael P., 213
  • Bonn Convention (1954), 71
  • Bonn Group:
    • Allied probe on Berlin: a status report, 47
    • Berlin, transitional arrangements on, 20
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 4, 7
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 170, 173, 199
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 43
  • Brandt, Willy:
    • Ally of U.S., West Germany as a more independent, 43
    • Barzel, tentative agreement on Berlin and meeting with, 275
    • Barzel’s attempts to unseat, 86
    • Berlin, 15, 17
    • Brezhnev, meetings with:
      • Chinese-Soviet relations, 335
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 330
      • Middle East, 335
      • Nixon, communications with, 331
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 331
      • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 331
      • Rush-Bahr communications, 331
      • Soviet-Chinese relations, 335
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 331
      • U.S.–Soviet relations, 330, 331
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 3, 13
    • Cancer, throat, 387
    • Chancellor, elected, 38, 39
    • Christian Democratic Union’s attempts to unseat, 86
    • Coalition policies, new West German, 35
    • Détente policy, 1
    • Elections (1969), West German, 27
    • Elections (1971), West German, 195
    • Elections (1972) between Barzel and, 378, 380, 385
    • European Alliance, 16
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Agreement (final), 329
      • Agreement (tentative), 275, 313
      • Allied approach, agreement with, 229
      • Backchannel discussions between Kissinger/Rush/Bahr, 187
      • Barzel, meetings with, 275
      • Barzel, rift between Brandt and, 188, 189
      • Cabinet session, closed, 96
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 87, 146
      • East German position, 130
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 188, 254
      • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 219
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 210
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 158
      • Letter to the three other powers, 62
      • Linkage between Berlin settlement and treaty issues, 333
      • Nixon, communications with, 70, 127, 136, 153, 158, 329
      • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 245
      • Nixon’s reply to Brandt’s letter to the three other powers, 64
      • Rush, meetings with, 119
      • Rush-Barzel meetings, 179
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 254, 272
      • Stoph, communications with, 66, 70
      • Stoph, meetings with (proposed), 63
      • U.S., trip to the, 80
      • U.S., trip to the (proposed), 74
    • Heath, communications with, 146, 153
    • Kissinger, meetings with, 257, 373
    • Middle East, 335
    • Nixon, communications with:
      • Brezhnev, meetings with, 331
      • Chinese-U.S. relations, 331
      • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 44
      • European trip, Nixon’s, 127
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 64, 70, 127, 132, 153, 158, 329
      • Nixon-Gromyko communications, 132
      • Ostpolitik, 112
      • Poland, 145, 153
      • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 44
      • Soviet-West German relations, 44, 104, 105, 127, 306, 331
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 38
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 104, 105, 127, 331
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 145, 146, 153, 158
      • U.S.-Chinese relations, 331
    • Nixon, meetings with:
      • Argentina, 336
      • Brazil, 336
      • Chinese-U.S. relations, 331, 336
      • Cuba, 336
      • European alliance/unity, 81, 335, 336
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 254
      • Global affairs, review of, 255
      • Middle East, 335
      • Mutual and balanced force reductions in Europe, 335
      • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 335
      • Ostpolitik, 81, 254
      • Soviet-East German relations, 335
      • Soviet-West German relations, 335
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 81, 336
      • Trade issues/policies, 335
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 335, 336, 337
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 336, 337
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 335
      • Vietnam, 336
    • Noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358, 371, 372
    • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 39
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 39, 331, 335
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below):
      • Acheson’s statements to the Washington Post, 143
      • Cabinet session, closed, 96
      • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116
      • Hyland’s assessments, 109
      • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115
      • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 74
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 146
      • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 146
      • Kosygin, communications with, 181
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 111
      • Nixon, communications with, 112
      • Nixon, meetings with, 81, 254
      • Nixon, meetings with (proposed), 77, 78, 334
      • Rush, meetings with, 119
      • Rush’s assessments, 92
      • Rush-Strauss meetings, 82
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 55, 71, 125
      • Stoph, communications with, 74, 96
      • Stoph, meetings with (proposed), 63
      • U.S. position, 123
      • U.S., trip to the, 79, 80
    • Politburo, dispute within the East German, 60
    • Pompidou, communications with, 146, 153
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 44, 50, 96, 113
    • Rogers, meetings with, 20, 45
    • Rush, meetings with, 39, 119
    • Sonnenfeldt’s European trip, 128
    • Soviet-West German relations, 44, 50
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 38, 81, 336
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Brezhnev, meetings with, 331
      • Heath, communications with, 146
      • Kosygin, communications with, 181
      • Nixon, communications with, 104, 105, 127, 331
      • Nixon, meetings with, 335, 336, 337
      • Noconfidence motion submitted against Brandt, 358
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970):
      • Heath, communications with, 153
      • Kosygin, communications with, 181
      • Nixon, communications with, 145, 146, 153, 158
      • Nixon, meetings with, 336, 337
      • Noconfidence motion submitted against Brandt, 358
      • Pompidou, communications with, 146, 153
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 335
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 373
    • U.S.-Chinese relations, 334
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 334
    • U.S.-West German relations, 45, 79, 80, 81
    • Vietnam, 336, 367, 368
  • Brazil, 336
  • Brezhnev, Leonid I., 16, 23, 105, 108, 119, 183, 261
    • Brandt, meetings with:
      • Chinese-Soviet relations, 335
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 330
      • Middle East, 335
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 331
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 331
      • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 331
      • Rush-Bahr communications, 331
      • Soviet-Chinese relations, 335
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 331
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 330, 331
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 220, 356
    • Kissinger, meetings with:
      • Middle East, 373
      • Moscow summit (proposed), 356
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 356
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 356
      • United Nations, German membership in the, 373
      • Vietnam, 356, 373
    • Middle East, 335, 373
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 331
    • Southeast Asia, collective security pact for, 23
    • Trade issues/policies, 345
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 331, 346, 356
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 346, 356
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 369
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 330, 331, 335, 356, 369
    • Vietnam, 356, 373
  • Brosio, Manlio G., 128, 336
  • Brower, Charles N., 206, 297, 312, 315, 316, 317
  • Brownell, Mary, 149
  • Buchanan, Patrick J., 16
  • Bulgaria, 222
  • Bundesversammlung. See under Berlin.
  • Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), 9
  • Burns, Arthur F., 218, 370
  • Burr, William, 294
  • Butterfield, Alexander P., 283, 342, 369, 386
  • Butterworth, Robert, 386
  • Caribbean, 335
  • Carstens, Karl, 15, 16, 22, 223
  • Cash, Frank E., Jr., 337, 362
  • Castro, Fidel, 336
  • Ceausescu, Nicolae, 23, 132
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 74
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 87, 146, 150, 175
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 146
    • Ostpolitik, 146, 150, 155, 164
  • Chaban-Delmas, Jacques, 370
  • Chenpao Island, 17
  • China, People’s Republic of:
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 372
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 23
    • Soviet Union, relations with, 17, 220, 335
    • U.S., relations with:
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 331
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 336
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings (proposed), 334
  • Christian Democratic Union (CDU) (see also Barzel, Rainer ), 1, 2, 27, 30, 35
    • Brandt, attempts to unseat, 86
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357
    • Christian Social Union, meetings with, 137, 146, 148
    • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116
    • Elections (1970), West German, 90
    • Elections (1971), West German, 195
    • Elections (1972) between Brandt and Barzel, 378, 380, 385
    • Ellsworth’s assessments, 97
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Barzel’s assessments conveyed to U.S. State Department, 69
      • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115
      • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 124
      • Pravda’s negative editorials on, 181
      • Rush-Bahr meetings, 141
      • Rush-Barzel meetings, 179
    • Kissinger-Schmidt meetings, 370
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below):
      • Barzel’s assessments, 69, 103
      • Concerns over, 72, 86, 102
      • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115
      • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 115
      • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 100
      • Pravda’s negative editorials on, 181
      • Rush’s assessments, 92
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 75
      • Soviets’ desire for Christian Democratic Union’s return to power, 181
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 89
    • Rush-Strauss meetings, 82
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 342
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 360
      • Kissinger-Haig communications, 318
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 347
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 113
      • Nixon-Rush meetings, 337
      • Ratification, official, 368
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970):
      • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 342
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 360
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 347
      • Nixon-Rush meetings, 337
      • Position on, 318, 337
      • Ratification, official, 368
  • Clay, Lucius D., 133, 140, 149, 319
  • Cline, Ray S., 79
  • Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), 335
  • Common Market, 78, 345
  • Communism, 372
  • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 44, 336, 341, 349, 372
  • Connally, John B., 370
  • Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON), 19, 349
  • Court, John, 111
  • Croatia, 335
  • Cromer, Earl of, 375
  • Cuba, 183, 335, 336
  • Cushman, Gen. Robert E., 111, 126, 279
  • Cyrankiewicz, Józef, 145
  • Czechoslovakia, 1, 15, 16, 23, 39, 84, 335
  • Dahrendorf, Ralf, 150
  • Daniels, Col. Elmer R., 6
  • Davignon, Etienne, 128
  • Davis, Jeanne W., 111, 123, 177, 216, 224, 257, 279, 355, 383
  • Dean, Jonathan, 41, 46, 51, 92, 95, 141, 150, 154, 168, 272, 303, 362
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 213
      • Agreement (final), 329
      • Agreement (tentative), 323
      • Assessments conveyed to Rush, 94
      • Assessments conveyed to Sutterlin, 213
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 213
      • Rush, communications with, 329
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 261, 262, 263
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 199
      • Sutterlin’s assessments, 191
      • Traffic issues, 213
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 94
    • Ostpolitik:
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 94
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 94, 344
  • De Gaulle, Charles, 14, 22
  • Denmark, 219, 343
  • Der Spiegel, 161, 348, 372
  • Dewey, Thomas E., 133, 140
  • Diehl, Günther, 15, 16
  • Die Welt, 46
  • Dobrynin, Anatoly F., 19, 20, 261, 381
    • Berlin:
      • Bundestag convening in West Berlin, Soviet protests over, 48
      • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 8, 11, 13, 48
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 17
      • Nixon, meetings with, 11
      • Nixon’s trip to West Berlin, 17
      • Rogers, meetings with, 8
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
    • Nixon, meetings with:
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 160
      • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 11
      • Soviet-U.S. relations, 37
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 37
      • Vietnam, 37
    • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 11, 17
    • Ostpolitik. See Treaty listings below Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 37, 228, 233
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Kissinger, communications with, 367
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 350, 360, 368
      • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 338
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 338
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970):
      • Kissinger, communications with, 367
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 350, 360, 368
      • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 338
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 338
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 375, 379
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 294, 346
    • Vietnam, 350
  • Dohananyi, Klaus von, 80, 81
  • Downey, Arthur, 58, 93, 144, 279, 285, 286, 288
  • Dubridge, Lee A., 80, 81
  • Dubs, Adolph, 8
  • Duckwitz, Georg F., 7, 15, 50, 62, 79, 80, 81, 83
  • Dulles, John F., 87
  • Eagleburger, Lawrence S., 4, 97
  • East Germany. See German Democratic Republic.
  • Eberle, William, D., 370
  • Economic issues:
    • Agriculture, 335
    • Common Market, 78, 345
    • Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, 19, 349
    • European Economic Community, 71, 354
    • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115
    • Kissinger-Schmidt meetings, 370
    • Monetary stability, international, 14, 16
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings (proposed), 334
    • Poland, price increases and worker protests in, 147, 183
    • Southeast Asia, future of, 23
    • Trade issues/policies:
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 16
      • Soviet-West German relations, 345
      • Stans’ trip to the Soviet Union, 335
      • Trade Expansion Act of 1962 (U.S.), 140
      • West-East German relations, 40, 49
    • Treaty of Rome (1954), 71
    • U.S.-West German relations, 22, 78
    • West-East German relations, 40, 49, 345
  • Egypt, 335
  • Ehmke, Horst, 44, 60, 146
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • East German position, 130
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 188
      • Hillenbrand-Fessenden communications, 154
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 151
      • New York Times, coverage of, 120
      • U.S., trip to (actual), 155
      • U.S., trip to (proposed), 150
    • Ostpolitik:
      • Bahr’s comments on U.S. views, 164
      • Irwin, meetings with, 120
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 151
      • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 124
      • New York Times, coverage of, 151, 154, 161
      • Rush’s assessments, 92
      • U.S., trip to (actual), 155
      • U.S., trip to (proposed), 150
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
  • Eitel, Antonius, 107
  • Eliot, Theodore L., 23, 35, 105, 112, 127, 145, 148, 224, 304, 309, 312, 318, 347, 357
  • Ellsworth, Robert F., 97, 126
  • England. See United Kingdom.
  • Eppler, Erhard, 150
  • Erhard, Ludwig, 1, 14
  • European alliance/unity (see also Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe under Military issues):
    • Barzel’s trip to the Soviet Union, 338
    • Bilderberg Group, 215
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 44, 336, 341, 349, 372
    • Declaration of European Communist (1967), 18
    • Economic Commission for Europe, 349
    • European Economic Community, 71, 354
    • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 68
    • Interdepartmental Group for Europe, 278, 383
    • Kiesinger-Rush meetings, 22
    • Kissinger-Gromyko meetings, 374
    • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 372
    • Linkage between Berlin settlement and, 14, 246
    • Market expansion, 335
    • Moscow summit (actual), 369
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 49, 109, 111
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 81, 335, 336
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings (proposed), 334
    • Nixon-Gromyko meetings, 332
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 14, 15, 16, 23
    • Nixon-McCloy/Dewey/Clay/Acheson meetings, 140
    • Nixon’s trip to Europe, 127
    • Ostpolitik, 69, 75
    • Rogers’ European trip, 45
    • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 345
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
    • Treaty of Accession to the European Communities, 343
    • U.S. position, 110
  • Ewing, Gordon A., 149
  • Falin, Valentin, 138, 141, 146, 157, 214, 217, 226, 228, 234, 303
  • Fazio, Jim, 168, 222
  • Federal Convention. See Bundesversammlung under Berlin.
  • Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) (see also Bahr, Egon ; Berlin; Brandt, Willy ; Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin; Kiesinger, Kurt G. ; Ostpolitik; Treaty of Moscow; Treaty of Warsaw), 1
    • Elections (1969), 27
    • Elections (1970), 133, 135
    • Elections (1971), 195
    • Elections (1972) between Brandt and Barzel, 378, 380, 385
    • Elections, Soviet intervention in, 41
    • Finland, relations with, 383
    • France, relations with, 16, 57, 355
    • German Democratic Republic, relations with:
      • Allied probe on Berlin: a status report, 47
      • Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations, 371
      • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25
      • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358
      • Economic issues, 40, 45, 49, 345
      • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 31
      • Hillenbrand-Barzel meetings, 384
      • International organizations/status, 40, 41
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 25
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 341, 349, 355, 369
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 16
      • Rogers’ European trip, 45
      • Rogers-Gromyko meetings, 25
      • Rush’s assessments, 43
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 343, 345, 371, 383
      • Soviet position, 24, 343
      • Trade issues/policies, 40, 49
      • Treaty between East and West Germany, 40, 383, 386, 387
      • United Nations, German membership in the, 369
      • West German position, 39, 40
    • Greece, relations with, 40
    • Nixon’s election victory over George McGovern, 384
    • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 35
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 40
    • Rush-Strauss meetings, 82
    • Social Democratic Party/Free Democratic Party coalition, 82
    • Social Democratic Party holding conference in Berlin, 148
    • Soviet Union, relations with Bahr’s Moscow trip (actual), 55
      • Bahr’s Moscow trip (proposed), 51
      • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 43, 44
      • Brandt upgrades negotiations with Soviets, 50
      • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 7
      • Elections (1972) between Brandt and Barzel, 378, 380
      • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 61, 68
      • Kiesinger-Rush meetings, 22
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 50
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 36
      • Lodge’s assessments, 1
      • New York Times, coverage of, 46
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 44
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
      • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 23
      • Rogers’ European trip, 45
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 61
      • Trade issues/policies, 40, 345
      • Travel restrictions in Berlin, 7
    • United Nations, membership in the:
      • Brandt-Kissinger meetings, 373
      • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 373
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 373
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 375, 379
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 340, 341, 355, 369
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 374
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 371
      • Soviet position, 371
      • U.S. position, 371
    • U.S., relations with, 15, 22, 23, 44, 45, 46, 78
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29, 30, 31, 36
  • Fedorovich, Anatoliy, 375
  • Fessenden, Russell, 14, 15, 16, 29, 41, 92, 93, 94, 168, 207, 213, 304, 306, 312
    • Cash (Frank) replaces, 337
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Agreement (tentative), 315, 316
      • Hillenbrand, communications with, 154
      • New York Times, coverage of, 120, 149
      • Rogers, communications with, 315
      • Rush, communications with, 95, 315
      • Sahm, meetings with, 154
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 316
    • Oder-Neisse Line, 52
    • Ostpolitik, 46, 53
      • Assessments conveyed to Hillenbrand, 51
      • Barzel’s assessments, 103
      • Ehmke’s trip to U.S. (proposed), 150
      • Hillenbrand, communications with, 154
      • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
      • New York Times, coverage of, 149, 151, 154, 161
      • Sahm, meetings with, 154
  • Finland, 383
  • First Annual Report to the Congress on United States Foreign Policy for the 1970s, 76, 128
  • Firyubin, Nikolai, 10
  • Flanigan, Peter, 337
  • Foster, William C., 14
  • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
    • Abrasimov’s private negotiation channels:
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 215
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin communication, 207
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 208, 226
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 207, 210, 211, 212, 214, 217, 221, 226, 227
      • Kissinger-Vorontsov meetings, 217
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 217
    • Acceptance of/agreement to have, 54, 65
    • Access/checkpoint issues, 185, 187
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 17–18, 1971, 239
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 10–12, 1971, 286
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 16–18, 1971, 293, 295
      • Bahr-Falin communications, 210
      • Bahr-Falin meetings, 157
      • Comparing tentative agreement with Western draft proposal, 311, 314
      • Dean’s assessments, 213
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 106, 216
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 125, 283, 285
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 203, 215
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 224
      • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 219
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 189, 194, 197, 208
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 280, 282, 290
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 188, 298
      • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 218
      • Rogers-Rush communications, 306
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 264, 266
      • Soviet position, 292
      • U.S. position, 292
    • Agreement (final):
      • Ambassadorial meetings, September 3, 1971, 327
      • French position, 329
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 349
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 368
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 329
      • Linkage between treaty issues and Berlin settlement, 335
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 329
      • Nixon-Gromyko meetings, 331, 332
      • Rush-Barzel meetings, 328
      • Rush-Dean communications, 329
      • Signing of the, 327, 368, 371
      • Soviet position, 349
      • Translation issues, 329
    • Agreement (tentative):
      • Acrimonious discussions between Soviet-British-French ambassadors, 291
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 16–18, 1971, 296
      • Brandt’s approval, 275, 313
      • Comparing tentative agreement with Western draft proposal, 303, 311, 314
      • Fessenden-Brower assessments, 316
      • French position, 277
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 308
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin communication, 300, 302, 321
      • Kissinger-Rogers communications, 304, 309, 319
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 271, 281, 294, 299, 302, 308, 320
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 298, 326
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 310
      • Nixon-Rush meetings, 324, 325
      • Rogers’ assessments, 322
      • Rogers-Dobrynin meetings, 321
      • Rogers-Fessenden-Brower communications, 315
      • Rogers-Rush communications, 297, 301, 303, 306, 307, 312
      • Rush-Abrasimov-Falin-Kvitsinskiy meetings, 281
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 271, 274, 275, 277
      • Rush-Fessenden-Brower meetings, 315
      • Rush-Haig communications, 318
      • Soviet position, 323
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 271, 296
      • Textual review procedures, 322, 323, 325, 326
      • U.S. position, 322
    • Air corridors to Berlin closed, 121
    • Ambassadorial meetings:
      • September 18–19, 1970, 117
      • November 17–18, 1970, 137
      • December 11, 1970, 144
      • January 19, 1971, 170
      • February 9, 1971, 174
      • March 9, 1971, 193
      • March 27, 1971, 209
      • April 16, 1971, 222
      • May 7, 1971, 222
      • May 17-18, 1971, 239, 240, 242
      • May 25, 1971, 242
      • August 10–12, 1971, 284, 286, 287
      • August 16–18, 1971, 293, 295, 296
      • September 3, 1971, 327
    • Backchannel discussions between Kissinger/Rush/Bahr, 171, 172, 183, 187
    • Bahr-Falin meetings, 157
    • Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations, 183
      • Hyland’s assessments, 157
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 210, 267
      • Rush-Barzel meetings, 179
      • Rush’s assessments, 196
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 170, 193, 222
      • Traffic issues, 157
    • Bahr leaking information, Nixon-Kissinger discussion about, 243
    • Bahr’s assessments, 67
    • Barzel’s assessments, 69
    • Bonn/Berlin relationship, 284, 311
    • Brandt and Barzel, rift between, 188, 189
    • Brandt-Barzel meetings, 275
    • Brandt-Heath communications, 146, 153
    • Brandt-Rush meetings, 119
    • Brandt’s agreement with Allied approach, 229
    • Brandt’s closed cabinet session, 96
    • Brandt’s letter to the three other powers, 62
    • Brandt’s positive/enthusiastic greeting by East German people, 66
    • Brandt-Stoph communications, 66, 70
    • Brandt-Stoph meetings (proposed), 63
    • Brandt’s trip to U.S., 80
    • Brezhnev’s speech, 220
    • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 87, 146, 150
    • Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union meeting in Berlin, 137
    • Dean’s assessments, 94, 213
    • Delaying the conclusion of an agreement:
      • Kissinger-Hillenbrand communications, 302
      • Kissinger-Mitchell meetings, 317
      • Kissinger-Rogers communications, 304, 309
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 265, 267
      • Kissinger’s explanation, 262
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 265, 309
      • Rogers-Rush meetings, 317
      • Rush-Haig communications, 266
      • Rush’s illness, 326
      • U.S. position, 271
    • Draft agreement, Soviet:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 203, 215
      • Ambassadorial meetings, April 16, 1971, 222
      • Bahr’s revisions, 224, 230, 234, 235
      • British response, 222
      • Counter-draft to Western draft, 209
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 201, 203, 215
      • French response, 222
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 215
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 224
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin communication, 201
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 204, 208, 215
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 203, 204, 234
      • Polish support for, 222
      • Rogers-Rush communications, 210
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 235
      • Rush’s revisions, 204
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 201, 203
      • Traffic issues, 201, 230, 235
      • U.S. position, 227
      • Wording, compromise attempts on, 229
    • Draft agreement, Western, 170, 173, 174, 176
      • Barzel’s objections, 189
      • Comparing tentative agreement with Western draft proposal, 303, 311, 314
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 242
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 180
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 188
      • Revisions by Allied ambassadors, 242, 253
      • Rush-Fazio meetings, 168
      • Soviet response, 188
    • East German position, 130
    • Ehmke’s trip to U.S. (actual), 155
    • Ehmke’s trip to U.S. (proposed), 150
    • European alliance/unity, 14, 246
    • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 180
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 10–12, 1971, 284, 286
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 17–18, 1971, 239
      • Bahr’s draft revisions, 230
      • Comparing tentative agreement with Western draft proposal, 311
      • Dean’s assessments, 213
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 125, 283
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 201, 203, 215
      • Draft agreement, Western, 174, 242
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 224
      • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 219
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 183, 194, 197, 208, 211, 215, 253
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 210, 267
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 166
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 184, 188
      • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 218
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 254
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 243, 248, 249, 264, 265, 266
      • Study Memorandum (NSC) 136, 276
    • Fessenden-Sahm meetings, 154
    • Fessenden’s assessments, 95
    • French position, 83, 242, 246
    • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 59, 68, 70, 84
    • Gromyko-Beam meetings, 170
    • Gromyko-Seydoux de Clausonne meetings, 170
    • Hillenbrand-Bahr meetings, 107
    • Hillenbrand-Dobrynin meetings, 170
    • Hillenbrand-Fessenden communications, 154
    • Hyland’s assessments, 109, 157
    • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 102, 168, 215, 249, 264, 265, 275, 308, 349
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 224, 226, 227
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 222
    • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115, 219
    • Kissinger-Birrenbach communications, 189
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin communication, 201, 207, 230, 300, 302, 321
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 48, 152, 160, 165, 168, 178, 180, 183, 185, 189, 194, 197, 204, 208, 211, 215, 226, 228, 243, 252, 253, 262, 273, 368, 375, 379
    • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
    • Kissinger-Gromyko communications, 379
    • Kissinger-Gromyko meetings, 374
    • Kissinger-Hillenbrand communications, 302
    • Kissinger-Laird communications, 274
    • Kissinger-Mitchell meetings, 317
    • Kissinger-Rogers communications, 304, 309, 319
    • Kissinger-Rush communications, 180, 203, 204, 207, 210, 211, 212, 214, 217, 221, 226, 227, 228, 234, 243, 247, 248, 263, 265, 266, 267, 270, 271, 274, 277, 280, 281, 282, 290, 294, 299, 302, 308, 320, 329
    • Kissinger’s assessments:
      • Brandt’s slow pace, 158
      • Brandt-Stoph meetings (proposed), 63
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 166
      • Linkage between Berlin settlement and other issues, 101
      • Nixon-Soviet leadership communication, 159, 160, 166
      • Review of policy, request for an official, 153
    • Kissinger-Schmidt meetings, 370
    • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 102, 146, 184, 188, 256, 258, 298, 326
    • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 124
    • Legal formula as to status:
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 17-18, 1971, 239
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 226
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin communications, 230
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 228
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 227, 228
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 228
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 235
    • Linkage between Treaties of Moscow/Warsaw and, 93, 101, 246, 332, 333, 335, 336, 350, 352, 354, 367, 368
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 111, 126, 131, 136, 139, 216, 279
    • New York Times, coverage of, 120, 149, 150
    • Nixon-Bahr communications, 236, 237, 238
    • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 218, 220
    • Nixon-Brandt communications, 64, 70, 127, 132, 153, 158, 329
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 254
    • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 160
    • Nixon-Gromyko meetings, 129, 132, 159, 331, 332
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 58, 62, 64, 65, 66, 73, 217, 228, 249, 265, 309, 310
    • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 186, 245, 253
    • Nixon-McCloy/Dewey/Clay/Acheson meetings, 140
    • Nixon-Rush meetings, 324, 325, 327
    • Nixon-Soviet leadership communications, 159, 160, 166
    • Passport issues:
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 16–18, 1971, 296
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 125, 285
      • Gromyko’s objections, 277
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 290
      • Rogers-Rush communications, 306
      • Rush-Abrasimov-Falin-Kvitsinskiy meetings, 281
    • Pravda’s negative editorials on, 181
    • Rights/responsibilities, four power:
      • British position, 379, 381, 382
      • French position, 379, 381, 382
      • Hillenbrand-Barzel meetings, 384
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 375, 379
      • Kissinger-Gromyko communications, 379
      • Kissinger-Gromyko meetings, 374
      • Kissinger-Hyland communications, 382
      • Sonnenfeldt-Haig communications, 376
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 371, 381
    • Rogers’ assessments, 73
    • Rogers-Dobrynin meetings, 321
    • Rogers-Fessenden communications, 315
    • Rogers-Gromyko meetings, 129
    • Rogers-Hillenbrand meetings, 118
    • Rogers-Rush communications, 210, 288, 289, 297, 301, 303, 306, 307, 312
    • Rush-Abrasimov meetings, 114, 251, 270, 281
    • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 264, 266
      • Agreement (tentative), 271, 274, 275, 277
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 235
      • Draft of preamble, 261, 264
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 264, 265, 266
      • Gromyko’s agreement with tactics, 266
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 249, 264, 275
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 262
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 236, 237, 238, 243, 247, 248, 263, 265, 266, 270, 271, 274, 277
      • Legal formula as to status, 235
      • Rush-Fazio meetings, 168
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 274
      • Tactics for the wrapup ambassadorial meetings, 270
      • Traffic issues, 264, 265, 266
      • West-East German relations, 371
    • Rush-Bahr meetings, 97, 141, 229
    • Rush-Barzel meetings, 179, 220, 251, 328
    • Rush-Dean communications, 329
    • Rush-Falin meetings, 270, 281
    • Rush-Fessenden meetings, 315
    • Rush-Haig communications, 266, 318
    • Rush-Hillenbrand communications, 210
    • Rush-Kvitsinskiy meetings, 281
    • Rush’s assessments, 122, 196, 197, 198, 199, 250
    • Scheel’s assessments, 84
    • Senat/East German talks, 193, 223
    • Sonnenfeldt-Haig communications, 336
    • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments:
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 25, 1971, 242
      • Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations, 170, 193, 222
      • Brandt’s U.S. trip (proposed), 74
      • Divergence of views from Western powers, 83
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 222
      • Kissinger-Pauls meetings (proposed), 146
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 125, 256
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 371, 381
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 256, 258, 269
      • Soviets’ diplomatic activity, 170
      • Status report, 88, 135
      • Western position, need for a, 65
    • Soviet offer for confidential meetings, 231
    • Soviet presence in West Berlin:
      • Agreement (tentative), 271, 296
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 10–12, 1971, 284, 286
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 16–18, 1971, 295, 296
      • Bahr’s draft revisions, 230
      • Bonn Group, 199
      • British position, 269, 272, 295
      • Comparing tentative agreement with Western draft proposal, 311
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 106, 216
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 125, 285
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 136, 278
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 201, 203
      • Fessenden-Brower assessments, 316
      • French position, 272, 295
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 257
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 252, 253
      • Kissinger-Laird communications, 274
      • Kissinger-Rogers communications, 274
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 280
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 256, 258
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 254
      • North Atlantic Council, 246
      • Rush-Abrasimov-Falin-Kvitsinskiy meetings, 281
      • Rush-Abrasimov meetings, 270
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 274
      • Rush-Falin meetings, 270
      • Rush’s assessments, 198, 199, 250
      • Rush’s request for authorization to discuss topic, 272
      • Senior Review Group (NSC), August 6, 1971, 279
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 269
      • Study Memorandum (NSC) 136, 276, 278
      • U.S. position, 199, 206, 260
    • Soviets’ diplomatic activity, 170
    • Soviet-West German relations, 63
    • Sutterlin’s assessments, 191
    • Traffic issues, 148, 157, 162, 182, 183
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 17–18, 1971, 239
      • Dean’s assessments, 213
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 248, 249, 264, 265, 266
      • Rush-Hillenbrand communications, 210
      • Rush’s assessments, 196, 198
  • France (see also Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin; Pompidou, Georges ), 7
    • Agriculture, 335
    • Berlin, 10, 47
    • East Germany, relations with, 16, 57, 355, 383, 388
    • European Alliance, 14, 246
    • Four Power talks accepted, 54
    • Kiesinger-Rush meetings, 22
    • National Security Council’s review of French-German relations, 57
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 16, 23, 45
    • West Germany, relations with, 16, 57, 355
  • Frank, Paul, 96, 120, 146, 303
  • Frankfurter Rundschau, 251
  • Freeman, John J., 135
  • Gandhi, Indira, 23
  • Geisel, Gen. Ernesto, 336
  • Genscher, Hans-Dietrich, 92, 93, 150, 154
  • German Democratic Republic (GDR) (see also Abrasimov, Pyotr A. ; Berlin; Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin; Ostpolitik), 1
    • Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union meeting in Berlin, 137
    • Economic Commission for Europe, 349
    • Federal Republic of Germany, relations with:
      • Allied probe on Berlin: a status report, 47
      • Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations, 371
      • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25
      • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358
      • Economic issues, 40, 45, 49, 345
      • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 31
      • Hillenbrand-Barzel meetings, 384
      • International organizations/status, 40, 41
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 25
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 341, 349, 355, 369
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 16
      • Rogers’ European trip, 45
      • Rogers-Gromyko meetings, 25
      • Rush’s assessments, 43
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 343, 345, 371, 383
      • Soviet position, 24, 343
      • Trade issues/policies, 40, 49
      • Treaty between East and West Germany, 40, 383, 386, 387
      • United Nations, membership in the, 369
      • West German position, 39, 40
    • Finland, relations with, 383
    • France, relations with, 16, 57, 355, 383, 388
    • India, relations with, 383
    • Politburo, dispute within the, 60
    • Social Democratic Party meeting in Berlin, 148
    • Soviet Union, relations with (see also Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin; Ostpolitik), 1, 36, 335
    • U.K., relations with, 383, 388
    • United Nations, membership in the:
      • Brandt-Kissinger meetings, 373
      • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 373
      • Conference on the Human Environment, 349
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 373
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 375, 379
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 369
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 374
      • Soviet position, 371
      • U.S. position, 371
    • U.S., relations with, 371
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 388
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 340, 341, 355, 369
      • Rogers’ assessments, 340
      • United Nations, membership in the, 369
      • U.S. position, 340, 341
  • Gerstenmaier, Eugen, 2
  • Gierek, Edward, 147, 183
  • Gomulka, Wladislaw, 145, 147
  • Goodpaster, Gen. Andrew J., 34
  • Gradl, Johann B., 69, 328, 329
  • Greece, 40, 336
  • Grewe, Wilhelm G., 128
  • Gromyko, Andrei, 19, 242, 321
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25
    • European alliance/unity, 68, 332, 338, 374
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Air corridors to Berlin closed, 121
      • Bahr, meetings with, 59, 68, 70, 84
      • Beam, meetings with, 170
      • Brandt’s letter to three other powers, 62
      • Kissinger, communications with, 379
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 374
      • Linkage between Berlin settlement and treaty issues, 332, 333, 336
      • Nixon-Soviet leadership communications, 166
      • Passport issues, 277
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 374, 379
      • Rogers, meetings with, 25, 129
      • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 263, 266
      • Seydoux, meetings with, 170
    • Nixon, meetings with:
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 129, 132, 159, 331, 332
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 132
      • Ostpolitik, 129
    • Ostpolitik:
      • Bahr, meetings with, 74, 79, 85, 91
      • Brandt’s trip to U.S., 79
      • Hillenbrand-Bahr meetings, 107
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 108
      • Nixon, meetings with, 129
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 354
    • Sixth Session of the Seventh Supreme Soviet in Moscow, speech on Berlin in, 21
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 373, 379
    • West-East German relations, 25
    • West German-Soviet relations, 61, 68
  • Guttenberg, Karl T.F., 89
  • Haig, Alexander M., Jr., 6, 12, 18, 92, 97, 126, 148, 162, 168, 230, 262, 304, 312, 339
    • Berlin, 32, 47, 54
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 358
    • East German-U.S. relations, 341
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 58
      • Agreement (tentative), 318
      • Ambassadorial meetings, August 10–12, 1971, 284
      • Backchannel discussions between Kissinger/Rush/Bahr, 171
      • Delaying the conclusion of an agreement, 265, 266, 267
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 376
      • Rush, communications with, 318, 326
      • Sonnenfeldt, communications with, 376
      • Soviet offer for confidential meetings, 231
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
    • Ostpolitik, 55, 318, 345
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 56
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 233
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29
  • Haldeman, H.R., 243, 302, 309, 317, 319, 325, 337, 366, 378
  • Hallstein, Walter, 128, 220, 383
  • Halperin, David, 257
  • Harkort, Günther, 50
  • Harriman, W. Averell, 363
  • Hassell, Kai-Uwe von, 7
  • Healy, Denis, 335
  • Hearst’s (William R.) newspapers, 176, 181
  • Heath, Edward, 115, 145, 146, 153
  • Heck, Bruno, 86, 179, 328, 329
  • Heinemann, Gustav W., 17, 36, 368
  • Helms, Richard, 6, 12, 138, 285, 355, 373, 387
  • Henderson, Nicholas, 382
  • Heubl, Franz, 372
  • Heubner, Lee, 255
  • Hillenbrand, Martin J., 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 43, 70, 81, 95, 188, 206, 260, 288, 304, 317, 348
    • Ambassador to Federal Republic of Germany, appointment as, 337
    • Bahr’s U.S. visit (proposed), controversy over, 28
    • Berlin, 34
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25
    • East German-U.S. relations, 340, 355
    • European alliance/unity, 49, 111
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Ambassadorial meetings, November 17–18, 1970, 137
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 17–18, 1971, 239, 240
      • Bahr, meetings with, 107
      • Barzel, meetings with, 384
      • Brandt’s trip to U.S., 80
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 146
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 106, 216
      • Delaying the conclusion of an agreement, 302
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 170
      • Fessenden, communications with, 154
      • Kissinger, communications with, 302
      • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 175, 177, 278, 279
      • New York Times, coverage of, 149
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 376, 379, 382, 384
      • Rogers, meetings with, 118
      • Rush, communications with, 210
      • Rush’s assessments, 122
      • Senior Review Group (NSC), August 6, 1971, 279
      • Study Memorandum (NSC) 136, 278
      • Sutterlin’s assessments, 191
      • Traffic issues, 210
    • French-German relations, 57
    • Ostpolitik, 53
      • Acheson’s statements to the Washington Post, 143
      • Bahr, meetings with, 107
      • Brandt’s trip to U.S., 79
      • Christian Democratic Union’s concerns, 72
      • Fessenden, communications with, 154
      • Fessenden’s assessments, 51
      • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 146
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 126
      • New York Times, coverage of, 149
      • Poland, 79, 147, 183
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 107, 343, 362, 367
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 362
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 371
    • Vietnam, 367
    • West-East German relations, 384
  • Hirschfeld, Thomas J., 111
  • Hitler-Stalin Pact (1939), 1
  • Holzapfel, Hans, 14, 15, 16
  • Honecker, Erich, 7, 60, 222, 232, 335, 345
  • Hot line between Washington and Bonn, 23, 44
  • Hughes, Gen. James D., 228, 273
  • Hughes, Thomas L., 9
  • Hungary, 45
  • Hupka, Herbert, 343
  • Hyland, William G., 18, 26, 35, 74, 106, 107, 111, 174, 279
    • European alliance/unity, 109
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 114
      • Ambassadorial meetings, September 18–19, 1970, 117
      • Assessments conveyed to Kissinger, 109, 157
      • Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations, 157
      • Nixon-Soviet leadership communications, 159
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 382
    • Ostpolitik, 109, 124
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 109
  • India, 23, 335, 383
  • Indonesia, 336
  • International Olympic Committee (IOC), 40
  • Irwin, John, 120, 126, 147, 177, 276, 297, 304, 333
  • Israel (see also Middle East), 164, 335
  • Italy, 372
  • Izvestia, 138, 353
  • Jackling, Roger W., 67, 272, 287, 291, 292, 329
  • Japan, 23
  • Jedrychowski, Stefan, 137
  • Johnpoll, Alexander C., 3, 20
  • Johnson, Lyndon B., 14, 23, 69
  • Johnson, U. Alexis, 34, 111, 118, 312, 355
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), 6, 12
  • Jurich, Anthony, 80, 81
  • Karamessines, Thomas H., 146, 147
  • Kennedy, David M., 15, 126
  • Kennedy, Paul A., 16
  • Kennedy, Col. Richard T., 111, 126, 146, 150, 279, 337, 341
  • Kevorkov, Venacheslav, 138
  • Khrushchev, Nikita, 87, 138
  • Kiesinger, Kurt G., 69, 115
    • Berlin, 1
    • Bundesversammlung, 4, 13, 15
    • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116
    • Lodge, meetings with, 1
    • Nixon, meetings with:
      • Bundesversammlung, 15
      • China, 23
      • Czechoslovakia, Soviet invasion of, 16
      • East-West relations, 16
      • Elections (1969), West German, 23
      • European alliance/unity, 14, 15, 16, 22, 23
      • French-German relations, 16
      • Hot line between Washington and Bonn, 23
      • Liberalization process, Soviets and the, 16
      • Mediterranean, Soviet presence in the, 16
      • Middle East, 16
      • Monetary stability, international, 14, 16
      • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 14
      • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 15, 16
      • Oder-Neisse Line, 23
      • Reunification, German, 16
      • Romania, 23
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 16, 22, 23
      • Trade issues/policies, 16
      • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 16
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 23
      • U.S.-West German relations, 15, 23
      • Vietnam, 23
      • West German-Soviet relations, 22, 23
    • Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), 14
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 15, 16
    • Ostpolitik, 170
    • Rush, meetings with, 22
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
    • Tsarapkin, meetings with, 13
    • Vietnam, 23
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29
  • Kissinger, Henry A., 46, 79, 80, 105, 106, 113, 118, 127, 145, 148, 219, 330, 338, 339, 351, 381
    • Bahr’s U.S. visit (proposed), controversy over, 28
    • Berlin:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 33
      • Allied probe on Berlin: a status report, 47
      • Contingency planning, review of, 34
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 17
      • Helms, communications with, 12
      • Laird, communications with, 12
      • Military traffic (U.S.) over the Autobahn to and from West Berlin, 12
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 18
      • Nixon, communications with, 26, 42
      • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 11
      • Nixon’s trip to West Berlin, 17
      • Rogers, communications with, 12
      • Rogers’ assessments, 42
      • Soviet response to Western proposal of December 16, 1969, 54
      • State Department (U.S.) and White House, confusion between, 32
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25, 37
    • Brandt, meetings with, 257, 373
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358
    • Brandt elected as Chancellor, 38, 39
    • Brandt’s review of global affairs, 255
    • Brandt’s throat cancer, 387
    • Brezhnev, meetings with:
      • Middle East, 373
      • Moscow summit (proposed), 356
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 356
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 356
      • United Nations, German membership in the, 373
      • Vietnam, 356, 373
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin:
      • Change location, accused of trying to, 2, 5
      • Dobrynin, communications with, 11
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 48
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 6, 7
      • Nixon, communications with, 4, 7
      • Rogers, communications with, 4, 5
      • Rogers’ assessments, 4
      • Rogers-Dobrynin meetings, 8, 13
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 9
      • Soviet-West German relations, 7
      • Tsarapkin, communications with, 13
    • Chinese-U.S. relations, 334
    • Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union meeting in Berlin, 137
    • Coalition policies, new West German, 35
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 372
    • East German-U.S. relations, 340, 341, 355, 388
    • Economic issues, 370
    • Elections (1969), West German, 27
    • Elections (1971), West German, 195
    • European alliance/unity, 109, 111, 372, 374
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
    • French-German relations, 57
    • Korea, 6
    • Middle East, 372
    • Nixon, meetings with, 186, 243, 245, 253
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 81
    • Nixon-Pauls meetings, 5
    • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 17, 36
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 36, 100
    • Oder-Neisse Line, 52, 63, 74
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below):
      • Acheson’s statements to the Washington Post, 143, 146
      • Assessments conveyed to Nixon, 101
      • Bahr, communications with, 85, 102
      • Bahr, meetings with, 76, 108
      • Bahr, meetings with (proposed), 222
      • Bahr’s assessments, 134
      • Barzel, meetings with, 115
      • Brandt-Stoph communications, 74, 96
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 146
      • Common Market, 78
      • Ehmke, meetings with, 151
      • Ehmke’s trip to U.S. (proposed), 150
      • Ellsworth’s assessments, 97
      • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 74
      • Hyland’s assessments, 109
      • McCloy, meetings with, 133
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 111, 126, 131, 136
      • New York Times, coverage of, 149
      • Nixon, communications with, 71, 78, 140
      • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 218
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 112
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings (proposed), 77
      • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 99, 100
      • Nixon-Schroeder meetings, 125
      • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 100
      • Offset and budget support, 78
      • Poland, price increases and worker protests in, 147
      • Sonnenfeldt, communications with, 102, 146
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 55, 71, 75, 88, 125, 150
      • Sonnenfeldt’s European trip, 89
      • Strauss, communications with, 102
      • Strauss, meetings with, 124, 146
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 56
    • Romania, trip to, 23
    • Schmidt, meetings with, 370
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 89, 128
    • Soviet-U.S. relations (see also Brezhnev, meetings with above), 37, 152
      • Bahr, communications with, 330
      • Brandt-Brezhnev meetings, 330, 331
      • Moscow summit (proposed), 273, 294, 346, 368
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings (proposed), 334
      • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 37
      • Rush, communications with, 280
    • Soviet-West German relations, 36, 44, 50, 68
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 159
      • Bahr, meetings with, 108
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 111
      • Nixon, communications with, 78
      • Nixon, meetings with, 243
      • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 37, 228
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 23
      • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 100
      • Rush, communications with, 241
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 104
      • Bahr, communications with, 330, 352
      • Bahr, meetings with, 348, 353
      • Bahr, meetings with (proposed), 345
      • Bahr-Lednev meetings, 353
      • Barzel, meetings with, 115, 219
      • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359, 363
      • Brezhnev, meetings with, 356
      • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 345
      • Dobrynin, communications with, 367
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 350, 360, 368
      • Haig, communications with, 318
      • Nixon, communications with, 113, 338, 352
      • Nixon, meetings with, 354, 368
      • Opposition leaders drop objections to, 368
      • Pauls, meetings with, 365
      • Ratification, final, 368
      • Rush, communications with, 366
      • Schmidt, meetings with, 370
      • Sonnenfeldt, communications with, 102, 103, 146, 347
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 345, 354
      • Strauss, meetings with, 124, 146
      • Vietnam linked to, 350, 354, 367, 368
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 137, 163, 339
      • Bahr, communications with, 352
      • Bahr, meetings with, 348, 353
      • Bahr, meetings with (proposed), 345
      • Barzel, meetings with, 115, 219
      • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359, 363
      • Dobrynin, communications with, 367
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 360, 368
      • Lednev, meetings with, 353
      • Nixon, communications with, 338, 352
      • Nixon, meetings with, 354, 368
      • Opposition leaders drop objections to, 368
      • Ratification, final, 368
      • Rush, communications with, 366
      • Sonnenfeldt, communications with, 347
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 354
      • Vietnam linked to, 350, 354, 367, 368
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 36, 78, 108
    • Ulbricht’s resignation, 232
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 371, 373, 375, 379
    • Vietnam, 350, 352, 354, 356, 365, 370, 373
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29, 31, 36
    • West-East German relations, 25, 343, 383, 386
  • Klein, David, 114, 207, 212, 213, 293, 295, 301, 323, 327
  • Klosson, Michael, 24
  • Knowles, Richard T., 279
  • Kohl, Michael (see also Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations under Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin), 115, 344, 358, 371
  • Konnerer, Hermann, 115
  • Korea, 6
  • Kornienko, Georgi M., 10
  • Kosygin Alexei N., 89, 105, 170, 331, 335
  • Kozyrev, Semen P., 21, 47, 54
  • Kraemer, Fritz, 13, 170
  • Kreisky, Bruno, 372
  • Kusterer, Hermann, 23
  • Kuznetsov, Vasili V., 19
  • Kvitsinskiy, Yuli A., 207, 261, 263, 267, 272, 281, 295, 323, 329
  • Lahn, Lothar, 79
  • Lahusen, Carl, 80, 81
  • Laird, Melvin R., 6, 12, 45, 80, 81, 337
  • Laos, 171
  • Leber, Georg, 150, 370
  • Lednev, Valery, 138, 353, 354
  • Lee, Vice Adm. John M., 111
  • Legislation, U.S.:
    • Mansfield Resolution, 240
    • Trade Expansion Act of 1962, 140
  • Lesh, Donald R., 7, 12
  • Liechtenstein, 107
  • Lincoln, George A., 6, 57, 126
  • Livingston, Robert G., 345, 370, 371
  • Lodge, Henry C., 1, 2, 3
  • Lord, Winston, 115, 127, 132, 385
  • Luebke, Heinrich, 17
  • Lustig, René, 329
  • Mansfield, Michael, 16, 240
  • Marx, Werner, 328, 329
  • McCloskey, Robert, 368
  • McCloy, John J., 133, 140, 149, 319, 338, 363
  • McConnell, Gen. John P., 6
  • McDonough, Col. Joseph C., 6
  • McGovern, George, 370, 384
  • McManis, Dave, 43, 68, 168
  • Mediterranean, Soviet presence in the, 16
  • Mendershausen, Horst, 213
  • Messmer, Pierre, 370
  • Meyer, Cord, Jr., 150
  • Middelmann, Helmut, 79
  • Middle East, 6, 115, 171
    • Brandt-Brezhnev meetings, 335
    • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 373
    • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 372
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 16
  • Military issues (see also Non-Proliferation Treaty; North Atlantic Treaty Organization; Treaty of Moscow; Treaty of Warsaw):
    • Air corridors to Berlin closed, 121
    • Ballistic missiles, 23, 360
    • Greece, West Germany building submarines for, 40
    • Military traffic (US) over the Autobahn to and from West Berlin, 12
    • Nixon Doctrine, 128
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 39, 137
      • Brandt’s closed cabinet session, 96
      • Brandt upgrades negotiations with Soviets, 50
      • Christian Democratic Union’s attempts to unseat Brandt, 86
      • Declaration of European Communist (1967), 18
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 56
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 44
      • Rush-Bahr meetings, 97
      • Rush’s assessments, 43
      • Sonnenfeldt’s European trip, 89
      • Treaty, Brandt and Kosygin sign a, 113
      • West German position, 40
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe:
      • Dean’s assessments, 94
      • Hyland’s assessments, 109
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 108
      • Mansfield Resolution, 240
      • Mutual and balanced force reductions, 16, 78, 109, 110, 240, 331, 335, 336, 337
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 36, 111, 126
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 16
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 78
      • Nixon-Rush meetings, 337
      • Rush-Strauss meetings, 82
      • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
  • Mills, Wilbur D., 140
  • Mischnick, Wolfgang, 358
  • Mitchell, John N., 111, 168, 171, 317, 329, 337
  • Mitchell, Martha, 329
  • Mitterrand, Francois, 372
  • Moersch, Karl, 154
  • Moorer, Adm. Thomas H., 111, 126, 285
  • Morris, Brewster H., 2, 122, 191, 260
  • Morse, John, 111
  • Mosbacher, Emil, Jr., 5, 79, 254
  • Muromcew, Cyril, 214
  • Muskie, Edmund S., 146, 150
  • National Security Council (NSC):
  • Nelson, James C., 79
  • Neo-Nazi activities, 196, 243
  • Netherlands, 336
  • Neues Deutschland, 7, 329
  • Newlin, William, 80, 81
  • New York Times, 46, 120, 149, 150, 151, 154, 161, 358
  • Nguyen Van Thieu, 23
  • Nine-Power Conference (1954), 68
  • Nixon, Richard M., 269, 300
    • Bahr’s U.S. visit (proposed), controversy over, 28
    • Barzel, meetings with:
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 218, 220
      • Ostpolitik, 218, 220
      • Rush-Barzel meetings, 220
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 338
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 338
    • Berlin:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 33
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 11
      • Kissinger, communications with, 26, 42
      • Kosygin, communications with, 19
      • Military traffic (US) over the Autobahn to and from West Berlin, 12
      • Rogers’ assessments, 42
      • Trip to West Berlin, 17
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 37
    • Brandt, communications with:
      • Brandt-Brezhnev meetings, 331
      • Chinese-U.S. relations, 331
      • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 44
      • European trip, Nixon’s, 127
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 64, 70, 127, 132, 153, 158, 329
      • Gromyko, communications with, 132
      • Ostpolitik, 112
      • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 44
      • Soviet-West German relations, 44
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 38
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 104, 105, 127, 331
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 145, 146, 153, 158
    • Brandt, meetings with:
      • Argentina, 336
      • Brazil, 336
      • Chinese-U.S. relations, 331, 336
      • Cuba, 336
      • European alliance/unity, 81, 335, 336
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 254
      • Global affairs, Brandt’s review of, 255
      • Middle East, 335
      • Mutual and balanced force reductions in Europe, 335, 337
      • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 39, 331, 335
      • Ostpolitik, 81, 254
      • Poland, 145, 153
      • Soviet-East German relations, 335
      • Soviet-U.S. relations, 335
      • Soviet-West German relations, 335
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 81, 336
      • Trade issues/policies, 335
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 335, 336, 337
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 336, 337
      • Vietnam, 336
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358
    • Brandt elected as Chancellor, 38, 39
    • Brandt’s throat cancer, 387
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin:
      • Kiesinger, meetings with, 15
      • Kissinger, communications with, 4, 7
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 6, 7
      • Pauls, meetings with, 5
      • Rogers’ assessments, 4
      • Rogers-Dobrynin meetings, 8
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 9
      • Soviet-West German relations, 7
      • Travel restrictions to West Berlin, East German, 7
      • West German position, 13
    • Chinese-U.S. relations, 334, 336
    • Christian Democratic Union, 90
    • Dobrynin, meetings with:
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 160
      • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 11
      • Soviet-U.S. relations, 37
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 37
      • Vietnam, 37
    • East German-U.S. relations, 369, 388
    • Economic issues, 334, 335, 370
    • Elections (1969), West German, 27
    • Elections (1971), West German, 195
    • Election victory over George McGovern, 384
    • Europe, trip to, 127, 128
    • European alliance/unity, 15, 16, 23, 45, 81, 140, 332, 334, 335, 336
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Abrasimov’s private negotiation channels, 207, 217
      • Agreement (final), 329, 331, 332, 368
      • Agreement (tentative), 294, 310, 322, 324, 325
      • Bahr, communications with, 236, 237, 238
      • Bahr leaking information, 243
      • Brandt, communications with, 70, 127, 132, 153, 158, 329
      • Brandt’s closed cabinet session, 96
      • Brandt’s letter to the three other powers, 62, 64
      • Brandt-Stoph communications, 66
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 125, 283
      • Delaying the conclusion of an agreement, 265, 309
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 160
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 218, 254
      • Kissinger, communications with, 58, 62, 64, 65, 66, 73, 217, 228, 249, 265, 309, 310
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 186, 245, 253
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 257
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 183
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 63, 101, 153, 158, 166
      • Legal formula as to status, 228
      • Linkage between Berlin settlement and treaty issues, 336
      • McCloy/Dewey/Clay/Acheson, meetings with, 140
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 126, 283
      • Reply to Brandt’s letter to three other powers, 64
      • Rogers’ assessments, 73
      • Rush, meetings with, 324, 325, 327
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 65, 74, 88, 125
      • Soviet leadership, communications with, 159, 160, 166
      • Soviet offer for confidential meetings, 231
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 254, 272
    • French-German relations, 57
    • Gromyko, meetings with:
      • European alliance/unity, 332
      • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 129, 132, 159, 331, 332
      • Ostpolitik, 129
    • Kiesinger, meetings with:
      • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 15
      • China, 23
      • Czechoslovakia, Soviet invasion of, 16
      • East-West relations, 16
      • Elections (1969), West German, 23
      • European alliance/unity, 14, 15, 16, 23
      • French-German relations, 16
      • Hot line between Washington and Bonn, 23
      • Liberalization process, Soviets and the, 16
      • Mediterranean, Soviet presence in the, 16
      • Middle East, 16
      • Monetary stability, international, 14, 16
      • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 14
      • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 15, 16
      • Oder-Neisse Line, 23
      • Reunification, German, 16
      • Romania, 23
      • Soviet-U.S. relations, 23
      • Soviet-West German relations, 23
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 16, 23
      • Trade issues/policies, 16
      • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 16
      • Vietnam, 23
      • West German-U.S. relations, 15, 23
    • Kissinger, meetings with, 186, 243, 245, 253
    • Kosygin, communications with, 19
    • Lodge’s assessments of Soviet-German relations, 1
    • Lodge transferred to Vietnam, 2
    • McCloy/Dewey/Clay/Acheson, meetings with, 140
    • McGovern, election victory over, 384
    • Middle East, 16, 335
    • Nixon Doctrine, 128
    • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 11, 14, 19
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 5, 15, 16, 100, 125, 335
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below):
      • Barzel, meetings with, 218, 220
      • Brandt, communications with, 112
      • Brandt, meetings with, 81, 254
      • Brandt, meetings with (proposed), 77, 78, 334
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 146
      • Gromyko, meetings with, 129
      • Kissinger, communications with, 71, 78, 140
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 63, 74, 101
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 126
      • Pompidou, meetings with, 57
      • Rogers, communications with, 99
      • Rogers’s assessments, 65
      • Scheel, meetings with (proposed), 99, 100
      • Schroeder, meetings with, 125
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 71, 88
      • West German-U.S. relations, 46
    • Pauls, meetings with, 5
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 44
    • Rogers’s European trip, 45
    • Rush, meetings with, 324, 325, 327, 337
    • Schroeder, meetings with, 125
    • Southeast Asia, trip to, 16
    • Soviet-U.S. relations:
      • Brandt, meetings with (proposed), 334
      • Brandt-Brezhnev meetings, 331
      • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 356
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 37
      • Moscow summit (actual), 369
      • Moscow summit (proposed), 294, 336, 364, 368
      • Rogers, communications with, 364
    • Soviet-West German relations, 44, 50
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 16, 23, 37, 38, 78, 81, 100, 243, 336
    • Strauss, meetings with, 124, 335, 345
    • Trade issues/policies, 16, 335
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Barzel, meetings with, 338
      • Brandt, communications with, 104, 105, 127, 331
      • Brandt, meetings with, 335, 336, 337
      • Brezhnev, communications with, 346
      • Kissinger, communications with, 113, 338, 352
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 354, 368
      • Rush, meetings with, 337
      • Vietnam linked to, 350, 352, 354, 367
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970):
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 16, 78, 335, 337
    • Ulbricht’s resignation, 232
    • Vietnam, 23, 37, 336, 354, 365, 366, 367, 368
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 31
    • West-East German relations, 386
  • Noebel, Hans, 79, 80, 81
  • Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):
    • Brandt’s assessments, 39
    • Coalition policies, new West German, 35
    • Dobrynin-Kissinger meetings, 17
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 36
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 6, 18
    • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 11
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 14
    • Nixon-Kosygin communications, 19
    • Soviet-West German relations, 7
  • Norden, Albert, 60
  • North Atlantic Council (NAC), 246, 331, 349
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):
    • Allied probe on Berlin: a status report, 47
    • Brandt-Brezhnev meetings, 331
    • Brandt-Rush meetings, 39
    • Burden of maintaining, sharing the:
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 126
      • Nixon’s statements, 125
      • Rush-Strauss meetings, 82
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 125
      • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
    • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 146
    • Dean’s assessments, 94
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 36
    • Lodge’s assessments, 1
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 36, 89, 126
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 15, 16
    • Nixon-Pauls meetings, 5
    • Ostpolitik:
      • Christian Democratic Union’s concerns, 72
      • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 76
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 146
      • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 100
      • U.S. position, 123
    • Rush-Bahr meetings, 142
  • Norway, 343
  • NSC. See National Security Council.
  • Nutter, G. Warren, 79
  • Obst, Harry, 23
  • Oder-Neisse Line. See under Poland.
  • Olympic Games, 365, 372
  • Oncken, Dirk, 46, 52
  • Osterheld, Horst, 15, 16, 29
  • Ostpolitik (see also Oder-Neisse Line under Poland; Treaty of Moscow; Treaty of Warsaw):
    • Acheson’s statements to the Washington Post, 143, 146, 150, 155
    • Bahr’s assessments, 134, 164
    • Bahr-Soviet officials, meetings between, 138, 141
    • Barzel’s assessments, 69, 86, 103, 179
    • Brandt-Rush meetings, 119
    • Brandt’s closed cabinet session, 96
    • Brandt-Stoph communications, 74, 96
    • Brandt-Stoph meetings (proposed), 63
    • Brandt’s U.S. trip, 79, 80
    • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 46, 150, 155, 164
    • Christian Democratic Union’s concerns, 72, 86, 102
    • Common Market, 78
    • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116
    • Dean’s assessments, 94, 213, 344
    • Ehmke’s U.S. trip (actual), 155
    • Ehmke’s U.S. trip (proposed), 150
    • Ellsworth’s assessments, 97
    • Fessenden-Sahm meetings, 154
    • Fessenden’s assessments, 51
    • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 74, 79, 85, 91
    • Hillenbrand-Bahr meetings, 107
    • Hillenbrand-Fessenden communications, 154
    • Hillenbrand’s assessments, 53
    • Hyland’s assessments, 109
    • Irwin-Ehmke meetings, 120
    • Kiesinger’s attacks on, 170
    • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 85, 102
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 76, 108
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 222
    • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115
    • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
    • Kissinger-McCloy meetings, 133
    • Kissinger’s assessments, 63, 74, 101
    • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 102, 146
    • Kissinger-Strauss communications, 102
    • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 124, 146
    • Laird-Schmidt meetings, 161
    • Linkage between Berlin settlement and, 93, 101, 246, 332, 333, 335, 336
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 45, 49, 71, 111, 125, 126, 131, 136, 139, 156
    • New York Times, coverage of, 46, 149, 150, 151, 154, 161
    • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 218, 220
    • Nixon-Brandt communications, 112
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 81, 254
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings (proposed), 77, 78, 334
    • Nixon-Gromyko meetings, 129
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 71, 78, 142
    • Nixon-Pompidou meetings, 57
    • Nixon-Rogers communications, 99
    • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 99, 100
    • Nixon-Schroeder meetings, 125
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 100
    • Opposition camps, 150
    • Poland, price increases and worker protests in, 147, 183
    • Pompidou’s trip to Bonn, 91
    • Pravda’s negative editorials on, 181
    • Recognition of East Germany, legal, 71, 128, 133, 213
    • Rogers’ assessments, 65
    • Rogers-Hillenbrand meetings, 118
    • Rogers-Scheel meetings, 100
    • Rogers-Schmidt meetings, 79
    • Rogers’ trip to Europe, 45, 365
    • Rush-Bahr meetings, 91
    • Rush-Barzel meetings, 179, 220
    • Rush’s assessments, 92
    • Rush-Strauss meetings, 82
    • Schmidt-Rogers meetings, 79
    • Social Democratic Party’s opposition to, 150
    • Sonnenfeldt-Guttenberg meetings, 89
    • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 55, 71, 75, 88, 125, 150, 223, 345
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 89, 128
    • Soviets’ souring on, reports of, 174
    • Threats to, internal, 92
    • U.S. position, 123, 362
    • U.S.-West German relations, 45, 46
    • Warsaw Pact countries, debate within the, 63
    • Washington Post, coverage of, 143, 146, 150, 155
    • West German position, 59
  • Packard, David, 111, 279
  • Pakistan, 255, 335
  • Pauls, Rolf F., 15, 16, 20, 79, 80, 81, 107, 108, 151, 348, 351, 370
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 5
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 146, 224
    • Nixon, meetings with, 5
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 5
    • Ostpolitik:
      • Acheson’s statements to the Washington Post, 143, 146
      • Bahr’s comments on U.S. views, 164
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 146
      • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 100
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 338, 348, 365
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 338, 348, 365
  • Pedersen, Richard F., 15, 16, 49
  • Podgorny, Nicolai V., 19
  • Poland (see also Treaty of Warsaw), 16, 45, 49, 79
    • Democratization, growing tendency of, 183
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 63, 222
    • Gierek replaces Gomulka as leader, 147
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 183
    • Kissinger-Michalowski meetings, 52
    • Oder-Neisse Line, 35, 52, 137
      • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 85
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 63, 74
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 145, 153
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 23
    • Price increases, worker protests against, 147, 183
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 44
    • Riots and purge, 166
    • Washington Special Action Group, 147
  • Political issues (see also Berlin; Christian Democratic Union; Four Power talks/negotiations; Ostpolitik; Renunciation-of-force agreements under Military issues):
    • Ally of U.S., West Germany as a more independent, 43
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25, 37, 43, 44
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358
    • Brandt elected as Chancellor, 38, 39
    • Bundestag convening in West Berlin, Soviet protests over, 48
    • Christian Social Union, 128, 137, 146, 148, 328, 342, 380, 385
    • Coalition policies, new West German, 35, 82
    • Elections (1969), West German, 23, 27
    • Elections (1970) in Hesse and Bavaria, state, 133, 135
    • Elections (1971), West German, 195
    • Elections (1972) between Brandt and Barzel, 378, 380, 385
    • Free Democratic Party, 27, 30, 31, 35, 55, 82, 92, 116, 347
    • National Democratic Party, 1, 2, 27
    • Politburo, dispute within the East German, 60
    • Social Democratic Party, 27, 29, 30, 31, 35, 55, 77, 82, 116, 148, 150, 195, 347, 372, 385
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29, 30, 31, 36
    • West German Communist Party, 380
  • Pompidou, Georges, 45
    • Bonn, trip to, 264
    • Brandt, communications with, 153
    • European alliance/unity, 22, 335
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 119, 146, 153
    • Kissinger-Schmidt meetings, 370
    • Market expansion, European, 335
    • Nixon, meetings with, 57
    • Ostpolitik, 57, 91, 146, 153
  • Potsdam Agreement (1945), 63, 74, 79
  • Prague Conference (1972), 349
  • Pravda, 181
  • Protocol on Termination of the Occupation Regime in Germany (1954), 68, 76
  • Puhan, Alfred, 3, 5
  • Quick, 372
  • Rapallo Treaty (1922), 1
  • Renunciation-of-force agreements. See under Military issues.
  • Richardson, Elliot L., 23, 28, 32, 47, 54, 58, 79, 80, 81
  • “Risks of Nuclear Proliferation: New Directions in Arms Control and Disarmament” (Foster), 14
  • Robert, Horst-Krafft, 79
  • Roberts, Chalmers, 150
  • Roberts, Gen. Francis J., 279
  • Rodman, Peter, 353
  • Rogers, William P., 6, 16, 20, 23, 29, 81, 276
    • Bahr’s U.S. visit (proposed), controversy over, 28
    • Berlin, 12, 42, 47
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 25
    • Brandt, meetings with, 20, 45
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 357, 358
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 4, 6, 8, 13
    • Christian Democratic Union, 90
    • Coalition policies, new West German, 35
    • East German-U.S. relations, 340, 341, 388
    • European alliance/unity, 15, 45, 336
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 64
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 306
      • Agreement (tentative), 297, 299, 301, 303, 304, 306, 307, 309, 312, 315, 316, 319, 321, 322, 325, 326
      • Air corridors to Berlin closed, 121
      • Assessments conveyed to Nixon, 73
      • Brandt’s trip to U.S., 80
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 106, 216, 225
      • Decision Memorandum (NSC) 125, 285
      • Delaying the conclusion of an agreement, 304, 309, 317
      • Dobrynin, meetings with, 321
      • Draft agreement, Soviet, 210
      • Fessenden, communications with, 315
      • German politicians visiting Washington, 342
      • Gromyko, meetings with, 25, 129
      • Hillenbrand, meetings with, 118
      • Kissinger, communications with, 274, 304, 309, 319
      • Linkage between Berlin settlement and treaty issues, 246, 336
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 126, 216, 225, 285
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 70
      • Nixon-Gromyko meetings, 332
      • Nixon-Soviet leadership communications, 166
      • Passport issues, 306
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 374
      • Rush, communications with, 210, 288, 289, 297, 301, 303, 306, 307, 312
      • Rush, meetings with, 317
      • Scheel’s assessments, 84
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 65
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 199, 206, 260, 272, 274
    • Mediterranean, Soviet presence in the, 16
    • Ostpolitik, 45
      • Acheson’s statements to the Washington Post, 143
      • Assessments conveyed to Nixon, 65
      • Brandt’s U.S. trip, 79
      • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 342
      • Europe, trip to, 45, 365
      • German politicians visiting Washington, 342
      • Hillenbrand, meetings with, 118
      • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
      • Nixon, communications with, 99
      • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 99
      • Scheel, meetings with, 100
      • Schmidt, meetings with, 79
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 65, 104, 105, 113, 362
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 362
    • Soviet-U.S. relations, 21, 364, 365
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 371
    • West-East German relations, 25, 35
    • West German-U.S. relations, 45
  • Romania, 16, 23, 67, 132, 335, 336
  • Ruete, Hans, 15, 16, 20
  • Rush, Kenneth, 79, 80, 81, 213, 351, 355
    • Ally of U.S., West Germany as a more independent, 43
    • Berlin, 47
    • Brandt, meetings with, 39, 119
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 358
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin (see also Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings under Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin), 59
    • Kiesinger, meetings with, 22
    • Nixon, meetings with, 324, 325, 327, 337
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 39, 82, 142
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below), 46
      • Assessments conveyed to U.S. State Department, 92
      • Bahr, meetings with, 91
      • Bahr-Soviet officials, meetings between, 141
      • Barzel, meetings with, 179, 220
      • Barzel’s assessments, 69
      • Brandt, meetings with, 119
      • Christian Democratic Union’s concerns, 72, 86
      • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116
      • Dean’s assessments, 94
      • Hillenbrand’s assessments, 53
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 126
      • Strauss, meetings with, 82
    • Politburo, dispute within the East German, 60
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 43, 97
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
    • Soviet-U.S. relations, 331
    • Soviet-West German relations, 22, 68
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 22, 241, 243
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Barzel, meetings with, 220, 251
      • Dean’s assessments, 94
      • Kissinger, communications with, 366
      • Nixon, meetings with, 337
      • Washington Special Action Group, report to the, 348
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970):
      • Barzel, meetings with, 251
      • Kissinger, communications with, 366
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 82
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 30
    • West-East German relations, 31, 40, 43
  • Rusk, Dean, 3, 254
  • Sahm, Ulrich, 2, 51, 146, 151, 154, 161, 335
  • Samuels, Nathaniel, 80, 81
  • Sauvagnargues, Jean, 191, 207, 222, 229, 264, 272, 291
  • Scandinavia, 336
  • Scheel, Walter, 43, 45, 68, 146, 315
    • European alliance/unity, 336
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 84, 137
    • Ostpolitik:
      • Kissinger-Strauss communications, 102
      • Nixon, meetings with (proposed), 99, 100
      • Rogers, meetings with, 100
      • Rogers-Hillenbrand meetings, 118
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 106, 354
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 137, 354
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 100
  • Schiller, Karl, 370
  • Schiller, Wolf D., 79, 80, 81, 150
  • Schmidt, Helmut, 30, 39, 80, 81, 334, 335
  • Schmitt-Vockenhausen, Hermann, 150
  • Schroeder, Gerhard, 6, 69, 89, 115, 125, 146, 170, 329, 342, 358
  • Schultz, George P., 370
  • Schumann, Maurice, 84, 119, 242
  • Schütz, Klaus, 2, 115, 150, 154, 161, 170, 187
  • Schwarzmann, Hans, 79
  • Selden, Armistead, 279
  • Semenov, Vladimir S., 7, 24, 233
  • Seydoux de Clausonne, Roger, 10, 170
  • Shultz, George, 126
  • Siemens, 17
  • Singh, Swaran, 255
  • Skoug, Kenneth N., Jr., 32, 93, 107, 123, 297, 306, 315
  • Sloss, Leon, 111
  • Smith, Gerard, 79, 108, 233
  • Smith, K. Wayne, 111
  • Soames, Christopher, 14
  • Socialism, 372
  • Sonnenfeldt, Helmut, 4, 7, 14, 15, 16, 18, 26, 29, 36, 58, 70, 80, 81, 95, 101, 111, 126, 206, 224, 257, 278, 348, 372
    • Berlin, 34, 54
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 9
    • Christian Democratic Union, 90
    • Coalition policies, new West German, 35
    • East German-U.S. relations, 371
    • Elections (1972) between Brandt and Barzel, 380
    • European alliance/unity, 128, 345
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 64
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 188, 298
      • Agreement (tentative), 298, 326
      • Ambassadorial meetings, November 17–18, 1970, 137
      • Ambassadorial meetings, February 9, 1971, 174
      • Ambassadorial meetings, March 9, 1971, 193
      • Ambassadorial meetings, March 27, 1971, 209
      • Ambassadorial meetings, May 7, 1971, 222
      • Assessments conveyed to Kissinger, 83, 125, 135, 146, 170, 193, 222, 242, 256, 258, 269, 371, 381
      • Assessments conveyed to Nixon, 65, 74, 88, 125
      • Bahr-Kohl (Michael) parallel negotiations, 170, 193, 222
      • Brandt and Barzel, rift between, 189
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 150
      • Comparing tentative agreement with Western draft proposal, 311
      • Draft agreement, Western, 173, 188, 242
      • Federal presence in Berlin, West German, 174, 184, 188
      • Kissinger, communications with, 102, 146, 184, 188, 256, 258, 298, 326
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 222
      • Linkage between Berlin settlement and treaty issues, 83, 93, 332, 333
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 131, 136, 139, 176, 216
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 153
      • Pravda’s negative editorials on, 181
      • Rights/responsibilities, four power, 371, 376, 381, 382
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 256, 258, 269
      • Study Memorandum (NSC) 111, 176
      • Traffic issues, 162
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 125, 128
    • Oder-Neisse Line, 52
    • Ostpolitik (see also Treaty listings below), 46, 74
      • Acheson’s statements to the Washington Post, 146
      • Assessments conveyed to Kissinger, 55, 75, 125, 150, 223, 345
      • Assessments conveyed to Nixon, 71, 88
      • Bahr’s assessments, 134
      • Barzel’s assessments, 103
      • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 150
      • Ehmke’s trip to U.S. (proposed), 150
      • Europe, trip to, 89, 128
      • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 85
      • Guttenberg, meetings with, 89
      • Kissinger, communications with, 102, 146
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 102
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 76
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 222
      • Kissinger-Ehmke meetings, 151
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 131, 136
      • New York Times, coverage of, 161
      • Opposition camps, 150
      • Poland, price increases and worker protests in, 147
      • Pravda’s negative editorials on, 181
      • Soviets’ souring on, reports of, 174
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 56, 89
    • Soviet-West German relations, 44, 61
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 113, 318, 339
      • Assessments conveyed to Kissinger, 345, 354
      • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359
      • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 345
      • Europe, trip to, 128
      • Kissinger, communications with, 102, 103, 146, 347
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 345
      • Kissinger-Pauls meetings, 365
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 339
      • Assessments conveyed to Kissinger, 163, 345, 354
      • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359
      • Kissinger, communications with, 347
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 345
      • Kissinger-Pauls meetings, 365
      • Opposition leaders drop objections to, 368
    • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe, 128
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 371
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29
    • West-East German relations, 343, 345, 371, 383
  • Southeast Asia (see also China; Vietnam), 67
  • Soviet Union (see also Abrasimov, Pyotr A. ; Brezhnev, Leonid I. ; Dobrynin, Anatoly F. ; Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin; Gromyko, Andrei ; Ostpolitik):
    • Barzel’s trip to, 338
    • Berlin:
      • Access/checkpoint issues, 33
      • Allied probe on Berlin: a status report, 47
      • Bundestag convening in West Berlin, Soviet protests over, 48
      • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 4, 7
      • Kissinger’s assessments, 26
      • National Security Council’s assessments, 18
      • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 42
      • Rogers’ assessments, 42
      • Settlement, suggestion of a, 19
      • Tripartite aide mémoire to Soviets, 47
      • Western proposal of December 16, 1969, response to, 54
    • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 43, 44
    • China, relations with, 17, 220, 335
    • European alliance/unity, 338
    • Federal Republic of Germany, relations with:
      • Bahr’s Moscow trip (actual), 55
      • Bahr’s Moscow trip (proposed), 51
      • Bilateral or Four Power talks, 43, 44
      • Brandt upgrades negotiations with Soviets, 50
      • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 7
      • Elections (1972) between Brandt and Barzel, 378, 380
      • Gromyko-Bahr meetings, 61, 68
      • Kiesinger-Rush meetings, 22
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 50
      • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 36
      • Lodge’s assessments, 1
      • New York Times, coverage of, 46
      • Nixon-Brandt communications, 44
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
      • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 23
      • Rogers’ European trip, 45
      • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 61
      • Trade issues/policies, 40, 345
      • Travel restrictions in Berlin, 7
    • German Democratic Republic, relations with (see also Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin; Ostpolitik), 36, 335
    • Mediterranean, the, 16
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 15, 16, 23
    • Poland, price increases and worker protests in, 147
    • Renunciation-of-force agreements, 39, 40, 43, 56, 96
    • Social Democratic Party meeting in Berlin, 148
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, 336
    • Toon’s assessments, 11
    • Trade issues/policies, 335
    • United Nations, German membership in the, 371
    • U.S., relations with:
      • Brandt-Brezhnev meetings, 152, 331
      • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 356
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 330
      • Kissinger-Rush communications, 280
      • Moscow summit (actual), 369
      • Moscow summit (proposed), 273, 294, 336, 364, 365, 368
      • Mutual and balanced force reductions in Europe, 78, 109, 110, 331, 335, 336
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335
      • Nixon-Brandt meetings (proposed), 334
      • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 37
      • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 23
      • Nixon-McCloy/Dewey/Clay/Acheson meetings, 140
      • Nixon-Rogers communications, 364
      • Rogers’ trip to Bonn, 365
      • Rusk-Acheson communications, 254
      • Vietnam, 367, 368
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29
    • West-East German relations, 31, 41, 43, 343
  • Spiro, Herbert J., 118
  • Spreti, Karl G. von, 78
  • Staden, Berndt von, 128
  • Stans, Maurice H., 16, 335
  • Starke, 86
  • Stoessel, Walter J., Jr., 52, 374, 375
  • Stoltenberg, Gerhard, 115, 219, 344
  • Stoph, Willi, 7, 51, 187
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 63, 66, 70, 130
    • Ostpolitik, 74, 96
  • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), 9, 123
    • Brandt’s trip to U.S., 80
    • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 356
    • Dean’s assessments, 94
    • European alliance/unity, 110
    • Haig-Dobrynin meetings, 233
    • Kiesinger-Rush meetings, 22
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 108
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 228
    • Kissinger-Rush communications, 241
    • Kissinger’s assessments, 159
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 111, 176
    • Nixon-Brandt communications, 38
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 81, 336
    • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 37
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 16, 23
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 78
    • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 243
    • Nixon-Scheel meetings (proposed), 100
    • Rush-Bahr-Falin meetings, 243
    • Semenov’s initiative, 233
  • Strauss, Franz J., 22, 69, 82, 102, 354
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 358
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 372
    • Elections (1972) between Brandt and Barzel, 378
    • European alliance/unity, 372
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin, 124
    • Middle East, 372
    • Nixon, meetings with, 124, 335, 345
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 82
    • Ostpolitik:
      • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116
      • Kissinger, meetings with, 124, 146
      • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 146
      • Rush, meetings with, 82
      • Rush’s assessments, 92
      • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 124, 146, 368
      • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 368
  • Sudan, 335
  • Sutterlin, James S., 32, 40, 46, 47, 70, 79, 80, 81, 94, 95, 114, 116, 123, 154, 206, 210, 224, 257, 260, 276, 288, 312, 317, 362
    • Four Power talks/negotiations on Berlin:
      • Ambassadorial meetings, September 18–19, 1970, 117
      • Ambassadorial meetings, November 17–18, 1970, 137
      • Dean’s assessments, 191, 213, 344
      • Senior Review Group (NSC), August 6, 1971, 279
      • Soviet presence in West Berlin, 191, 258
    • Ostpolitik, 77
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970), 344
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 344
  • Swank, Emory C., 10, 25
  • Switzerland, 107
  • Syria, 335
  • Thomas, Joseph J., 79, 80, 81
  • Time magazine, 146
  • Tito, Josip B., 127, 335
  • Toon, Malcolm, 11
  • Tran Van Dong, 23
  • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
    • Bahr-Lednev meetings, 353
    • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359, 362, 363
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 358
    • Brandt-Brezhnev meetings, 331
    • Brandt-Heath communications, 146
    • Brandt-Kosygin communications, 181
    • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 356
    • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 339, 342, 343, 344, 345
    • Christian Democratic Union’s position, 318, 337
    • Dean-Bahr communications, 344
    • Dean-Barzel meetings, 116, 220
    • Dean’s assessments, 94, 213, 344
    • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 354
    • German politicians visiting Washington, 342
    • Hillenbrand-Bahr meetings, 107
    • Hillenbrand’s assessments, 343, 362
    • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 330, 352
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 348, 353
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 345
    • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115, 219
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin communication, 367
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 350, 360, 368
    • Kissinger-Lednev meetings, 353
    • Kissinger-Pauls meetings, 365
    • Kissinger-Rush communications, 366
    • Kissinger-Schmidt meetings, 370
    • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 102, 103, 146, 347
    • Kissinger-Strauss meetings, 124, 146
    • Linkage between Berlin settlement and, 93, 101, 246, 332, 333, 335, 336, 350, 352, 354, 367, 368
    • Media reports, 348
    • Moscow summit (proposed), 364
    • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 338
    • Nixon-Brandt communications, 104, 105, 127, 331
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 335, 336
    • Nixon-Brezhnev communications, 346
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 113, 338, 352
    • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 368
    • Nixon-Rush meetings, 337
    • Opposition leaders drop objections to, 368
    • Ratification, official, 368
    • Rogers’ assessments, 65
    • Rogers-Hillenbrand meetings, 118
    • Rogers’ trip to Bonn, 365
    • Rush-Barzel meetings, 220, 251
    • Scheel’s assessments, 106
    • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 345, 354
    • Sonnenfeldt’s trip to Europe, 128
    • Soviet position, 345
    • U.S. position, 362
    • Vietnam linked to, 350, 352, 354, 367, 368
  • Treaty of Rome (1954), 71, 128
  • Treaty of Warsaw (1970), 137, 141
    • Bahr-Lednev meetings, 353
    • Bahr’s assessments, 141
    • Barzel’s request for U.S. assistance, 359, 362, 363
    • Brandt, noconfidence motion submitted against, 358
    • Brandt-Heath communications, 153
    • Brandt-Kosygin communications, 146, 181
    • Brandt-Pompidou communications, 146, 153
    • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 356
    • Bundesrat in West Germany votes against, 339, 342, 345
    • Central Intelligence Agency’s assessments, 146
    • Christian Democratic Union’s position, 337
    • Dean’s assessments, 344
    • Embassy (U.S.) in Germany, assessments by, 354
    • German politicians visiting Washington, 342
    • Hillenbrand’s assessments, 362
    • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 352
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings, 348, 353
    • Kissinger-Bahr meetings (proposed), 345
    • Kissinger-Barzel meetings, 115, 219
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin communication, 367
    • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 350, 360, 368
    • Kissinger-Lednev meetings, 353
    • Kissinger-Pauls meetings, 365
    • Kissinger-Rush communications, 366
    • Kissinger-Sonnenfeldt communications, 347
    • Linkage between Berlin settlement and, 93, 101, 246, 332, 333, 335, 336, 350, 352, 354, 367, 368
    • Media reports, 348
    • Moscow summit (proposed), 364
    • Nixon-Barzel meetings, 338
    • Nixon-Brandt communications, 145, 146, 153, 158
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 336, 337
    • Nixon-Brezhnev communications, 346
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 338, 352
    • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 354, 368
    • Opposition leaders drop objections to, 368
    • Ratification, official, 368
    • Rogers’ trip to Bonn, 365
    • Rush-Barzel meetings, 251
    • Rush-Strauss meetings, 82
    • Sonnenfeldt’s assessments, 163, 345, 354
    • Soviet position, 345
    • U.S. position, 362
    • Vietnam linked to, 350, 352, 354, 367, 368
  • Trebesch, Rear Adm. Herbert, 79
  • Troop (U.S.) commitment in Europe. See under Military issues.
  • Tsarapkin, Semen K., 7, 13, 43, 146, 181
  • Ulbricht, Walter, 13, 17, 62, 76, 115, 139, 222, 232, 234, 335
  • United Kingdom (see also Four Power talks/negotiations; Ostpolitik), 7
    • Berlin, 47
    • Bundesversammlung in West Berlin, 10
    • Caribbean, the, 335
    • European Economic Community, 354
    • German Democratic Republic, relations with, 383, 388
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 14
    • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29
  • United Nations (see also under Federal Republic of Germany; German Democratic Republic), 25, 117, 219, 335
  • Ussuri River, 17
  • Vasev, V.M., 10
  • Vietnam, 255
    • Brezhnev-Kissinger meetings, 356, 373
    • Hanoi bombed/Haiphong harbor mined, 367, 368
    • Kissinger-Schmidt meetings, 370
    • Lodge transferred to, 2
    • National Security Council’s assessments, 366
    • Nixon-Brandt meetings, 336
    • Nixon-Dobrynin meetings, 37
    • Nixon-Kiesinger meetings, 23
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 365
    • North Vietnamese invasion, 366
    • Paris Peace Talks, 2
    • Treaty of Moscow (1970):
      • Brandt’s concern over U.S. bombing of Hanoi/mining harbor at Haiphong, 367, 368
      • Hillenbrand disputes link between, 367
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 352
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 350
      • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 354
    • Treaty of Warsaw (1970):
      • Brandt’s concern over U.S. bombing of Hanoi/mining harbor at Haiphong, 367, 368
      • Kissinger-Bahr communications, 352
      • Kissinger-Dobrynin meetings, 350
      • Nixon-Kissinger meetings, 354
  • Vinogradov, Vladimir, 10
  • Volcker, Paul A., 16, 79, 80, 81
  • Vorontsov, Yuli M., 159, 160, 174, 181, 217, 251
  • Voting rights of Berlin deputies in the Bundestag, 29, 30, 31, 36
  • Wagner, Leo, 328, 329
  • Walters, Maj. Gen. Vernon, 57
  • Warsaw Pact countries, 44, 349
  • Washington Post, 143, 146, 150, 155
  • Washington Special Action Group (WSAG), 34, 147, 151, 348
  • Watts, William, 70
  • Weber, Heinz, 15, 16, 80, 81
  • Wehmeyer, Donald D., 213
  • Wehner, Herbert, 82, 150, 154, 220, 251, 358
  • Weizsäcker, Carl F. von, 39, 342
  • Well, Guther van, 7, 40, 64, 142, 257
  • Welles, Benjamin, 149
  • Welt am Sontag, 128
  • Western European Union (WEU), 14, 40
  • West Germany. See Federal Republic of Germany.
  • Westpolitik, 45
  • Wheeler, Gen. Earle G., 12
  • Wickam, Col. John, 111
  • Wienand, Karl, 150
  • Wilson, Harold, 7, 10
  • Wischnewski, Hans-Jürgen, 29, 335
  • World Health Organization (WHO), 345, 349
  • Wright, Marshall, 111
  • Yakubovsky, Ivan, 7, 9
  • Young, David, 159
  • Young Socialists, 150
  • Yugoslavia, 16, 335
  • Zhukov, Yury, 121, 124
  • Ziegler, Ronald, 2, 15, 16, 76, 254, 368
  • Zorin, Valerian A., 170, 230