230. Message From the Ambassador to Germany (Rush) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)1
Yesterday I had a long talk with Bahr2 and find that we are in complete accord on all questions of tactics and strategy. He gave me two copies of the English translation of his draft of proposed agreement. I am transmitting the full text along with this message.
Tomorrow Bahr and I are going over this draft in detail to determine how much of it, if any, should be transmitted at this time to Falin who, incidentally, is still not in Bonn.
This morning I had a talk with Chancellor Brandt,3 also reviewing our tactics and strategy, and here too we are in complete accord. Incidentally, the Chancellor told me that his information is to the effect that the French report of Abrasimov’s assignment to Paris to replace Zorin is accurate. If so, conceivably the timing would be such that Abrasimov would go to Paris before the Berlin talks are concluded and be replaced by someone who is less of a hardliner.4[Page 687]
The Governments of the French Republic, USSR, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America,
On the basis of their rights and responsibilities, proceeding from the respective agreements and decisions of the Four Powers which remain unaffected, taking into account the existing situation, guided by the desire to contribute through practical improvements of the situation to the elimination of tensions and the prevention of complications in relations between the Four Powers and between other interested parties, have agreed on the following:
Part I. General Provisions
- The four governments are of the unanimous view that in the area of their jurisdiction the use or threat of force must be excluded and disputes shall be settled solely by peaceful means.
- They will mutually respect each other’s individual and joint rights and responsibilities, which remain unchanged.
- The Four Powers are of the unanimous view that the situation which has developed in this area, irrespective of the difference in legal positions, shall not be changed unilaterally.
Part II. Provisions Relating to the Western Sectors of Berlin
- The relations between the Western sectors of Berlin and the Federal Republic of Germany shall be respected in accordance with provisions set forth in the letter from the governments of the three powers to the government of the USSR (Annex I).
- Surface traffic by road, rail and waterways between the Western sectors of Berlin and the Federal Republic of Germany for all persons and goods shall be carried out unhindered and on a preferential basis in accordance with the provisions set forth in the letter from the government of the USSR to the governments of the three powers (Annex II).
- Traveling of permanent residents of Berlin (West) to Berlin (East) and the environs of the city, other communications and the exchange of small areas shall be arranged for in accordance with the provisions of the letter from the government of the USSR to the governments of the three powers (Annex III).
- Problems relating to the representation abroad of the interests of the Western sectors of Berlin shall be settled in accordance with the provisions of the letter from the governments of the three powers to the government of the USSR (Annex IV).
Part III. Final Provisions
This agreement shall enter into force after the arrangements and measures provided for in Annexes I, II, III, and IV have been agreed upon.
- Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Kissinger Office Files, Box 59, Country Files, Europe, Ambassador Rush, Berlin, Vol. 1. Top Secret; Sensitive; Exclusively Eyes Only. The message was sent through the special Navy channel in Frankfurt. No time of transmission is on the message; a handwritten note indicates that it was received in Washington on April 30 at 1910Z. According to an attached transmittal slip, the message was forwarded the same day to Haig, who was with the President in San Clemente. (Ibid., White House Central Files, President’s Daily Diary) Haig then presumably arranged its delivery to Kissinger, who was on a 10-day vacation in Palm Springs, California. (Kissinger, White House Years, pp. 718, 721–724; Haldeman, The Haldeman Diaries, p. 282)↩
- See footnote 2, Document 229.↩
- See Document 229.↩
- Kissinger replied by special channel on May 3: “I have read with great interest your messages of April 29 and 30 and am glad that things appear to be in order at your end. I told Dobrynin, based on my conversations with Bahr, that we would be willing to show the Soviets sometime this week our version of our juridically neutral formulation. Unless you and Bahr think it would be desirable, this would not include the substantive detail of our formulations on such things as access and presence but be restricted solely to the formulations which are legally neutral. I intend to see Dobrynin again next week, and in the interim, trust that you will keep me informed on what is being passed to the Soviets. Warm regards.” (National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Kissinger Office Files, Box 59, Country Files, Europe, Ambassador Rush, Berlin, Vol. 1)↩
- Bahr gave Kissinger a copy of the draft agreement at the Bilderberg conference in Woodstock, Vermont, April 24–25. See footnote 2, Document 224. The German original is dated April 21, 1971.↩