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Index

References are to document numbers

  • ABM program, 35
  • Abrams, Gen. Creighton W., Jr., 35, 97, 135
  • Acheson, Dean, 5, 6
  • Adams, Gen. Arthur H., 41, 44
  • Agnew, Spiro T.:
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 34, 55, 82
    • South Korean political situation, 113
    • U.N. Korean question, 82
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 13
    • U.S. troop reductions, 55, 71, 82
    • World trip, 103
  • Arab-Israeli conflict, 103
  • Armacost, Michael, 153
  • Asian and Pacific Council (ASPAC), 3, 80
  • Asia policy, U.S., 26, 35, 106, 115
  • Asia, regional cooperation in, 3
  • Ball, George, 21
  • Bardach, Henry, 62
  • Beam, Jacob, 35
  • Behr, Robert M., 28, 29, 32, 38
  • Bergsten, Fred, 40
  • Berlin War Game, 28
  • Brown, Winthrop G.:
    • Korea budget study, 37
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 4, 5, 29, 32, 33, 51
    • Rogers-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
    • South Korean political situation, 87, 123
    • U.S. military aid to South Korea, 49
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 13, 21
    • U.S.-South Korea summit proposal, 120
    • U.S. troop reductions, 60, 61, 62, 67, 68
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 90
  • Bunker, Ellsworth, 155, 157
  • Bureau of Intelligence and Research, 84, 113, 118
  • Butterfield, Alexander P., 136
  • Cambodia, 19, 42, 70
  • Cargo, William I., 51
  • Carver, George, 135, 143
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (see also Helms, Richard), 11, 14, 32, 33, 42, 80, 83
  • Chang Kyung-sun, 31
  • China, People’s Republic of. See People’s Republic of China.
  • Chin Pil-shik, 31
  • Choi Kwang Soo, 3
  • Choi Kyu Hah, 31, 63, 73, 82, 89
  • Choong Hoon Park, 21
  • Chou En-lai, 106, 110
  • Chung Il Kwon, 5, 6, 56, 84, 92, 166
  • Chung Joo Yoon, 81
  • Chyun Sangjin, 3
  • Cohen, Edwin, 153
  • Connally, John B., Jr., 91
  • Crane, Kent, 82
  • Cuban missile crisis, 9, 38
  • Czechoslovakia, 15, 17, 19
  • Davies, Rodger, 33
  • Davis, Jeanne W., 21, 51
  • Defense, U.S. Department of, 67
  • Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) (see also North/South Korea confrontation possibilities; U.S. troop reductions), 1, 43, 48
  • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). See North Korea.
  • DePalma, Samuel, 153
  • Dobrynin, Anatoliy, 8
  • Doolin, Dennis, 153
  • Dorr, Robert F., 123
  • Dubcek, Alexander, 19
  • Dutch registry for Korean vessel, 8, 9
  • Eagleburger, Lawrence, 21
  • East Asian Interdepartmental Group, 4
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D., 5
  • Elections. See South Korean political situation.
  • Eliot, Theodore L., Jr., 77
  • Flanigan, Peter, 91
  • France, 15, 51, 134
  • Froebe, John A., Jr., 138, 140, 146
  • Gallagher, Cornelius, 66
  • Grant, Lindsey, 66
  • Great Britain, 15
  • Grechko, Andrei, 19
  • Green, Marshall:
    • Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 31, 34, 55, 123, 150, 158
    • People’s Republic of China, 109, 127
    • South Korean political situation, 87, 123, 163, 169
    • Textiles, 40
    • U.S. troop reductions, 49, 55, 67
  • Habib, Philip C.:
    • Japanese-North Korean relations, 154
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities:
      • Assessment of situation, 116, 170
      • Kim Chong Pil assessments, 168
      • Kim Il Sung peace proposal, 123
      • Lee Hu Rak meetings, 147, 168
      • Lee Hu Rak North Korea visit, 140
      • Park Chung Hee meetings, 145
    • People’s Republic of China, 127
    • South Korean force modernization, 170
    • South Korean political situation:
      • Assessment of situation, 122, 164, 165, 170
      • Chung Il Kwon meetings, 166
      • Kim Jong Pil meetings, 121, 160, 161, 162
      • Kim Jong Pil objects to, 163
      • Lee Hu Rak meetings, 117
      • Referendum, 167
      • Rogers communications, 161, 162
    • United Nations, 121, 170
    • U.S. economic aid to South Korea, 170
    • U.S. troop reductions, 170
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in:
      • Assessment of situation, 141, 155
      • Haig meetings, 156
      • Kim Yong Shik communications, 114
      • Park Chung Hee meetings, 145
      • South Korean position, 124
      • Yu Chae Hung meetings, 171
      • Yun Sok-Hon meetings, 114
  • Hackett, James T., 143
  • Hahm Pyong Choon, 90, 106, 108, 134, 137
  • Haig, Col. Alexander, Jr.:
    • Military contingency planning, 38
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 29, 33, 34, 55, 106, 108, 140
    • South Korean force modernization, 136
    • South Korean political situation, 77, 162
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 7, 12, 13, 28
    • U.S. troop reductions:
      • Diplomatic assurances, 78
      • Force capabilities of South Korea, 53
      • Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 106
      • Holdridge assessments, 63
      • Joint statement, U.S./South Korean, 79
      • National Security Council meetings, 55
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 56
      • Rogers assessments, 72
      • South Korean force modernization, 70
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 106, 124, 135, 143, 155, 156
  • Haldeman, H.R., 102
  • Halperin, Morton H., 34
  • Hanket, Gen. Arthur, 153
  • Hannah, John A., 37
  • Han Sang-Kuk, 117, 163
  • Harrison, Selig, 134, 149
  • Helms, Richard:
    • Korea budget study, 2, 37
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 4, 34, 55, 130, 133
    • South Korean political situation, 163
    • U.N. Korean question, 153
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance, 42
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 13, 22, 28
    • U.S. troop reductions, 55
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 135
  • Holdridge, John H.:
    • Japan, 90, 134, 154
    • Kissinger-Porter meetings, 39
    • Military contingency planning, 38
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 1, 34
      • Direct contacts, 130
      • Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
      • Kim Il Sung peace proposal, 149
      • Korean trip, 90
      • Lee Hu Rak North Korea visit, 138
      • National Security Council meetings, 51
      • Red Cross talks on divided families, 108
      • State Department analyses, 149
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 29, 33
    • People’s Republic of China, 125, 127, 134
    • South Korean force modernization, 90
    • South Korean political situation, 83, 90, 172
    • U.N. Korean question, 110, 152, 153
    • U.S. DMZ military procedures review, 43, 48
    • U.S. economic aid to South Korea, 40, 112, 134
    • U.S. helicopter crew incident, 44
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 36
    • U.S. troop reductions:
      • Agreement finalized, 88
      • Assessment of situation, 63
      • Joint statement, U.S./South Korean, 79
      • Kissinger-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 81
      • Kissinger-Gallagher meetings, 66
      • Korean trip, 90
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 64
      • Porter assessments, 54
      • Re-aligned configuration of U.S. troops, 65
      • South Korean force modernization, 70
      • Tydings assessments, 57
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in:
      • Assessment of situation, 89, 105
      • Bunker/Habib assessments, 155
      • Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 105
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 144
      • South Korean position, 124
      • Vietnam trip, 90
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 143
  • Hong Song-chol, 6
  • Hormats, Robert, 40, 111, 112
  • Hughes, Thomas L., 1, 14
  • Husak, Gustav, 19
  • Hussein bin Talal, 8
  • Hyland, William G., 38
  • Ingersoll, Robert S., 143
  • Irwin, John N., II, 98, 128, 143
  • Israel, 28, 51, 82, 103
  • Japan:
    • Haig-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 106
    • Holdridge assessments, 90
    • Holdridge-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
    • Kissinger-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 110
    • Korean Task Force, 26
    • Nixon-Laird meetings, 102
    • North Korean relations with, 154
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 145
    • NSSM 154, 133
    • Okinawa, 5, 6, 21, 35, 55
    • Textiles, 40
    • U.S. troop reductions in South Korea, 72
  • Johnson, Adm. Nels C., 28, 29, 33, 36, 38
  • Johnson, Lyndon, 2, 21
  • Johnson, U. Alexis:
    • Military contingency planning, 38
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 29, 32, 33
    • South Korean force modernization, 91
    • South Korean political situation, 85, 163
    • U.N. Korean question, 153
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 36
    • U.S.-South Korea summit proposal, 120
    • U.S. troop reductions, 62, 70, 71, 73, 74
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 135, 157
  • Johnston, Ernest, 94, 100
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS):
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 32, 33, 51, 52, 55
    • Pueblo incident, 7
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 7, 10, 22, 28
    • U.S. troop reductions, 53, 54, 55, 56
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 96
  • Karamessines, Thomas H., 32, 33, 36, 38
  • Katzenbach, Nicholas, 2
  • Kennedy, David M., 91, 100, 110
  • Kennedy, Edward, 15
  • Kennedy, John, 28
  • Kennedy, Richard T., 70, 100, 135, 143, 153, 170
  • Kim Chae-Song, 147
  • Kim Chol-Su, 147
  • Kim Chong-Yom, 145
  • Kim Dae Jung:
    • South Korean political situation:
      • Bureau of Intelligence and Research assessments, 84
      • CIA assessments, 83
      • Diplomatic assurances, 78
      • Eliot assessments, 77
      • Green-Kim Dae Jung meetings, 169
      • Habib-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 166
      • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
      • Kissinger-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 81
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 80
      • Park Chung Hee reelection, 93
      • Porter assessments, 75
      • Reunification issue, 90
      • Threats received, 92
      • U.S. visit, 85, 87
  • Kim Dong Jo:
    • Agnew-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 82
    • Nixon-Choong Hoon Park meetings, 21
    • Nixon-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
    • Nixon-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 136
    • People’s Republic of China, 109, 125
    • Political situation, 123, 161, 162, 163
    • Rogers-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
    • South Korean political situation, 85
    • U.N. Korean question, 110
    • U.S. military aid, 49
    • U.S.-South Korea summit proposal, 120
    • U.S. troop reductions, 49, 57, 61, 73
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 3
  • Kim Han Su, 166
  • Kim Hong Kil, 165
  • Kim Il Sung:
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 35
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 34
      • Green assessments, 158
      • Green-Park Chung Hee meetings, 150
      • Habib-Lee Hu Rak meetings, 168
      • Habib-Park Chung Hee meetings, 145
      • Lee Hu Rak North Korea visit, 140
      • Peace proposal, 123, 149
      • Special National Intelligence Estimates, 1
      • State Department analyses, 146, 149
    • South Korean political situation, 119
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 14
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 155
  • Kim In-kwon, 31
  • Kim Jong Pil:
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 168
    • People’s Republic of China, 81
    • South Korean political situation:
      • Agnew communications, 113
      • Habib meetings, 121, 160, 161, 162
      • Kim Dae Jung U.S. visit, 85
      • Kissinger meetings, 81
      • Objections to, 163
      • Referendum, 167
    • United Nations, 121
    • U.S. economic aid, 112
    • U.S. troop reductions, 81
  • Kim Kye-won, 84
  • Kim Tok-Hyon, 147
  • Kim Yong Chu, 130, 140, 147, 168
  • Kim Yong Ju, 158
  • Kim Yong Shik:
    • Nixon meetings, 136
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 138
    • People’s Republic of China, 109, 110, 127, 136
    • U.S. economic aid, 112
    • U.S.-South Korea summit proposal, 120
    • U.S. trip, 109
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 114, 136
  • Kim Yon Shik, 110
  • Kissinger, Henry A.:
    • Cambodia, 19
    • Japan, 110, 154
    • Kim Yong Shik meetings, 110
    • Korea budget study, 2, 37
    • Military contingency planning, 38
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 35
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 151
      • Direct contacts, 130
      • Joint statement concerning opening dialogue, 151
      • Kim Il Sung peace proposal, 149
      • Lee Hu Rak North Korea visit, 138, 140
      • National Security Council meetings, 51
      • National Security Study Memoranda, 4, 52
      • Red Cross talks on divided families, 108
      • Reunification issue, 151
      • State Department analyses, 149
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 29, 33
    • People’s Republic of China, 110, 125
    • Porter meetings, 39
    • Pueblo incident, 8, 9, 110
    • South Korean force modernization, 91, 101, 107, 133
    • South Korean political situation, 77, 81, 83, 93, 162, 172
    • U.N. Korean question, 110, 148, 153
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance, 42
    • U.S. DMZ military procedures review, 43, 48
    • U.S. economic aid to South Korea, 40, 50, 94, 111, 112
    • U.S. helicopter crew incident, 41, 44
    • U.S. military aid to South Korea, 24, 70
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown:
      • Haig assessments, 12
      • National Security Council meetings, 13
      • Nixon-Choong Hoon Park meetings, 21
      • Nixon communications, 8, 9, 15, 19, 22
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 25
      • Nixon request for military response plans, 10
      • Pursley assessments, 7
      • Resumption of scheduled reconnaissance operations, 20
      • Sneider assessments, 16
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 28, 36
    • U.S. troop reductions:
      • Agnew-Park Chung Hee meetings, 71
      • Agreement finalized, 88
      • Diplomatic assurances, 78
      • Force capabilities of South Korea, 53
      • Gallagher meetings, 66
      • Holdridge assessments, 63
      • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
      • Joint statement, U.S./South Korean, 79
      • Kim Jong Pil meetings, 81
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 56
      • Nixon communications, 45, 47
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 64
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 58
      • Porter assessments, 54
      • Re-aligned configuration of U.S. troops, 65
      • South Korean force modernization, 70
      • Tydings assessments, 57
      • Wheeler-Park Chung Hee meetings, 46
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 131
      • Haig-Habib meetings, 156
      • Laird assessments, 129, 159
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 95, 96, 132
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 144
      • NSC assessments, 126
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 135
  • Knapp, James, 18
  • Korea budget study, 2, 37
  • Korean Intelligence Agency, 84
  • Laird, Melvin R.:
    • Japan, 102
    • Korea budget study, 2, 37
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 4, 34
    • South Korean force modernization, 101, 107
    • U.S. DMZ military procedures review, 48
    • U.S. military aid to South Korea, 24, 49
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 9, 10, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 28
    • U.S. troop reductions, 46, 67
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 17, 96, 97, 99, 129, 132, 159
  • Lake, W. Anthony, 35
  • Laos, 42
  • Lee Hu Rak:
    • Japan, 154
    • Nixon-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 130, 138, 140, 145, 146, 147, 158, 168
    • Red Cross talks on divided families, 104
    • Rogers-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
    • South Korean political situation, 84, 117, 118, 163
  • Lee Kuan Yew, 55
  • Lee Sang-ho, 169
  • Lee, Victor, 35, 145
  • Lehman Brothers, 21
  • Leonard, James F., 3, 6
  • Lincoln, George A., 13, 34, 55
  • Lindjord, Haakon, 51
  • Lopez, Fernando, 55
  • Lynn, Laurence E., 34, 53, 65
  • Mansfield, Michael, 34
  • Marcos, Ferdinand, 55, 162
  • McCain, Adm. John S., Jr., 67, 69
  • McHenry, Donald, 51
  • McKee, Capt. Kinnaird, 143
  • Meir, Golda, 28
  • Meyer, Cord, 28, 33
  • Michaelis, Gen. John H.:
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 116
    • U.S. DMZ military procedures review, 48
    • U.S. troop reductions, 49, 65, 68, 69, 86, 90
  • Middle East, 33
  • Military Armistice Commission (MAC), 18
  • Mills, Wilbur, 112
  • Mitchell, John, 34, 42
  • Moorer, Adm. Thomas H., 55, 135, 143
  • Morgan, Capt. William, 153
  • Mosbacher, Emil, Jr., 21
  • Mun Hyong-tao, 31
  • Nak Sun Lee, 111
  • Nasser, Gamal Abdel, 8
  • National Intelligence Estimates:
    • NIE 42–14.2–72, “The Two Koreas,” 139
    • NIE 4269, “The Outlook in South Korea,” 30
    • NIE 4270, “The Changing Scene in South Korea,” 80
  • National Security Council (NSC):
    • Korea budget study, 2, 37
    • Meetings:
      • Apr. 16, 1969, 13
      • Aug. 14, 1969, 34
      • Feb. 6, 1970, 51
      • March 4, 1970, 55
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 32, 51, 55, 152
    • Nuclear power, 133
    • Pueblo incident, 13, 34
    • South Korean force modernization, 98, 107
    • Under Secretaries Committee, 157
    • U.N. Korean question, 133, 152, 153
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance, 42
    • U.S. economic aid to South Korea, 2, 37, 51
    • U.S. military aid to South Korea, 51
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 13, 52
    • U.S. troop reductions, 47, 51, 55
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 51, 89, 95, 96, 97, 126
  • National Security Decision Memoranda:
  • National Security Study Memoranda:
  • Negroponte, John, 135
  • Nelson, Bill, 29
  • Nensel, Gerald, 153
  • Newton, William, 135, 143
  • New York Times, 134, 145
  • Nguyen Van Thieu, 35
  • Nixon, Richard:
    • ABM program, 35
    • Agnew world trip, 103
    • Cambodia, 19
    • Choong Hoon Park meetings, 21
    • Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
    • Japan, 5, 21, 35, 102
    • Kim Yong Shik meetings, 136
    • Korea budget study, 2, 37
    • Korean trip (1953), 5
    • Nixon Doctrine, 35, 106, 115
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 25, 55, 151, 154
    • People’s Republic of China, 5, 35, 115, 127, 136, 142
    • Pueblo incident, 8, 9, 35
    • South Korean force modernization, 91, 101, 115, 136, 142, 156
    • South Korean political situation, 119, 162, 163
    • Soviet Union, 5, 35, 136, 142
    • U.N. Korean question, 133
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance, 42
    • U.S. DMZ military procedures review, 43, 48
    • U.S. economic aid to South Korea, 50, 100, 112
    • U.S. helicopter crew incident, 41
    • U.S. military aid to South Korea, 24
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown:
      • Choong Hoon Park meetings, 21
      • Kissinger communications, 8, 9, 15, 19, 22
      • Laird assessments, 17
      • Military response plans request, 10
      • National Security Council meetings, 13
      • Park Chung Hee meetings, 25, 35
      • Resumption of scheduled reconnaissance operations, 20
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 28
    • U.S.-South Korea summit proposal, 120
    • U.S. troop reductions:
      • Agnew-Park Chung Hee meetings, 71
      • Agreement finalized, 88
      • Diplomatic assurances, 78
      • Kissinger communications, 45, 47
      • National Security Council meetings, 55
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 56
      • Park Chung Hee communications, 58, 61, 64, 115
      • Park Chung Hee meetings, 58
      • Rogers assessments, 72
      • South Korean force modernization, 70
      • Wheeler-Park Chung Hee meetings, 46
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in:
      • Bunker assessments, 155
      • Choong Hoon Park meetings, 21
      • Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
      • Habib assessments, 155
      • Habib-Park Chung Hee meetings, 145
      • Irwin assessments, 127
      • Kim Yong Shik meetings, 136
      • Kissinger assessments, 131
      • Laird assessments, 97
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 99, 132
      • Paris peace talks, 17, 35
      • Park Chung Hee communications, 144
      • Park Chung Hee meetings, 35
      • Under Secretaries Committee assessments, 157
      • U.S. position, 99
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 135
  • North Korea (see also Kim Il Sung; North/South Korea confrontation possibilities; U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown (April 14, 1969):
    • Korean Task Force, 26, 27
    • National Intelligence Estimates, 80
    • “Red Books,” 28
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance, 42
    • U.S. examination of military procedures in, 43, 48
    • U.S. helicopter crew incident, 41, 44
  • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities:
    • Agnew-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 82
    • Friendly gestures:
      • Direct contacts, 130, 133
      • Green-Park Chung Hee meetings, 150
      • Habib-Lee Hu Rak meetings, 147, 168
      • Habib-Park Chung Hee meetings, 145
      • Joint statement concerning opening dialogue, 150, 151
      • Kim Il Sung peace proposal, 123, 149
      • Kim Jong Pil assessments, 168
      • Kissinger assessments, 151
      • Lee Hu Rak North Korea visit, 138, 140
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 139
      • NSC assessments, 152
      • Red Cross talks on divided families, 104, 108, 123, 136, 145, 147, 158
      • Reunification issue, 90, 150, 151
      • State Department analyses, 146, 149
    • Green assessments, 158
    • Habib assessments, 116, 170
    • Haig-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 106
    • Holdridge-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
    • Holdridge visit, 90
    • Korea budget study, 2
    • Korean Task Force, 26, 27
    • National Intelligence Estimates, 80
    • National Security Council meetings, 51, 55
    • National Security Study Memoranda, 4, 52, 133
    • Nixon Park-Chung Hee meetings, 25
    • Nixon-Tanaka meetings, 154
    • Rogers assessments, 116
    • Rogers-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 31
    • Rogers-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
    • Rogers-Park Chung Hee meetings, 31
    • Special National Intelligence Estimates, 1
    • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 29, 32, 33
  • Nuclear power, 133
  • Nutter, G. Warren:
    • Military contingency planning, 38
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 29, 32, 33
    • U.N. Korean question, 153
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 28, 36
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 135, 143
  • Om Yong-dal, 123
  • Ott, Gen. David, 143
  • Packard, David, 3, 42, 55, 67
  • Paik Too Jin, 84
  • Pakistan, 103
  • Pak Song-Chol, 147, 150
  • Park Chung Hee:
    • Japan, 35
    • Kissinger-Porter meetings, 39
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities:
      • Green meetings, 150
      • Habib-Lee Hu Rak meetings, 147
      • Habib meetings, 145
      • Joint statement concerning opening dialogue, 150
      • Kim Il Sung peace proposal, 149
      • Kim Jong Pil assessments, 168
      • Lee Hu Rak North Korea visit, 138
      • Nixon meetings, 25
      • Rogers meetings, 31
      • State Department analyses, 149
    • People’s Republic of China, 35, 109, 115, 142
    • Pueblo incident, 18, 25, 35
    • South Korean force modernization:
      • Laird Korea visit, 101
      • Nixon communications, 115, 142
    • South Korean political situation:
      • Agnew-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 113
      • Bureau of Intelligence and Research assessments, 84, 113, 118
      • CIA assessments, 83
      • Diplomatic assurances, 78
      • Eliot assessments, 77
      • Green-Kim Dae Jung meetings, 169
      • Green-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 123
      • Habib assessments, 122, 164, 165, 170
      • Habib-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 166
      • Habib-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 121, 160, 161, 162
      • Habib-Lee Hu Rak meetings, 117
      • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
      • Johnson-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 163
      • Kim Dae Jung threatened, 92
      • Kim Dae Jung U.S. visit, 85, 87
      • Kissinger-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 81
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 30, 80
      • Nixon communications, 119
      • Porter assessments, 75
      • Reelections, 93, 172
      • Referendum, 167
      • Reunification issue, 90
      • Rogers-Habib communications, 161, 162
      • Rogers-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 161, 162
    • Soviet Union, 142
    • U.S. economic aid, 100
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 18, 25, 35
    • U.S.-South Korea summit proposal, 120
    • U.S. troop reductions:
      • Agnew meetings, 71
      • Agreement finalized, 88
      • Brown-Porter communications, 60
      • Michaelis meetings, 68
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 56
      • Nixon communications, 58, 61, 64, 115
      • Nixon meetings, 58
      • Porter meetings, 58, 68, 76
      • Wheeler meetings, 46
      • Withdrawal orders, 86
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in:
      • Bunker/Habib assessments, 155
      • Habib meetings, 145
      • Habib-Yu Chae Hung meetings, 171
      • Haig-Habib meetings, 156
      • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
      • Irwin assessments, 128
      • Nixon communications, 144
      • Nixon meetings, 35
      • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 135, 143
  • People’s Republic of China (PRC):
    • Green-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 127
    • Haig-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 106
    • Holdridge-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
    • Kim Dae Jung U.S. visit, 87
    • Kissinger-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 125
    • Kissinger-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 81
    • Kissinger-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 110
    • Korean Task Force, 26
    • National Security Study Memoranda, 133
    • Nixon China visit, 127
    • Nixon-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
    • Nixon-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 136
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 115, 142
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 35
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 151
    • Rogers-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 109
    • South Korean political situation, 119
    • U.N. Korean question:
      • NSC assessments, 152
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 153
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 14
    • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 28
  • Peterson, Peter G., 91, 94
  • Peters, Richard B., 49, 133
  • Philippines, 55, 162
  • Picard, B. Donovan, 113
  • Porter, William J.:
    • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
    • Kissinger meetings, 39
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 31, 55, 104
    • Salmon fishing issue, 82
    • South Korean political situation, 75, 85, 92
    • U.S. DMZ military procedures review, 48
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 18
    • U.S. troop reductions:
      • Agnew-Park Chung Hee meetings, 71
      • Agreement finalized, 88
      • Assessment of situation, 54, 86
      • Brown communications, 60
      • Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 73
      • Diplomatic assurances, 78
      • Holdridge assessments, 63
      • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
      • Johnson assessments, 62
      • Joint statement, U.S./South Korean, 79
      • Kim Dong Jo meetings, 61
      • National Security Council meetings, 55
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 56
      • Park Chung Hee meetings, 58, 68, 76
      • Re-aligned configuration of U.S. troops, 65
      • Rogers-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 49
      • South Korean force modernization, 70, 73, 76
      • Tydings assessments, 57
      • Withdrawal orders, 86
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 89
  • Proctor, Edward, 51
  • Pueblo incident:
    • Agnew-Choe Kyu Hah meetings, 82
    • JCS assessments, 7
    • Kissinger-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 110
    • Lee Hu Rak North Korea visit, 140
    • National Security Council meetings, 13, 34
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 8, 9
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 25
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 35
    • Park Chung Hee assessments, 18
  • Pursley, Gen. Robert E., 7
  • Ranard, Donald L., 62, 74, 87, 109, 120, 123, 153
  • Red Cross talks on divided families, 104, 108, 123, 136, 145, 147, 158
  • Reischauer, Edwin O., 87
  • Republic of Korea (ROK). See South Korea.
  • Reunification issue, 90, 150, 151
  • Richardson, Elliot, 13, 34, 43, 77, 93, 109, 172
  • Rockefeller, Nelson, 15
  • Rogers, William P.:
    • Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
    • Kim Yong Shik meetings, 109, 136
    • Korea budget study, 2, 37
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 6, 31, 34, 55, 116, 158
    • South Korean force modernization, 107, 142
    • South Korean political situation, 87, 161, 162, 163
    • Soviet Union, 8, 142
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 8, 13, 22, 28
    • U.S. troop reductions, 72
      • Agnew-Park Chung Hee meetings, 71
      • “Agreed Minutes,” 74
      • Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 63
      • Diplomatic assurances, 78
      • Holdridge assessments, 63
      • Kim Dong Jo meetings, 49, 57, 73
      • National Security Council meetings, 55
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 64
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 58
      • Withdrawal orders, 86
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in:
      • Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
      • Kim Dong Jo meetings, 3
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 95, 96, 105, 132
      • Nixon-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
      • NSC assessments, 126
  • Rondon, Fernando, 153
  • Rush, Kenneth, 143
  • Salisbury, Harrison, 134, 145
  • Salmon fishing issue, 82
  • Sang Ho Cho, 35
  • Sang Ock Lee, 134
  • Sato Eisaku, 100
  • Saunders, Harold, 38
  • Schlesinger, James R., 51
  • Senior Interdepartmental Group (SIG), 2
  • Senior Review Group, 89, 153
  • Shakespeare, Frank, 37, 51
  • Shultz, George P., 91
  • Singapore, 35
  • Smith, K. Wayne, 90, 105
  • Sneider, Richard L., 3, 5, 13, 16, 21
  • Sohmer, Arthur, 82
  • Solomon, Richard, 153
  • South Korea (see also Choi Kyu Hah; Chung Il Kwon; Kim Dae Jung; Kim Dong Jo; Kim Jong Pil; North/South Korea confrontation possibilities; Park Chung Hee; South Korean force modernization):
    • Constitution of 1948, 134
    • Declaration of the 16, 36
    • Hahm Pyong Choon assessment of U.S.-South Korean relationship, 134
    • Korean Task Force, 26, 27
    • Summit proposal, 120
    • United Nations recognition, 138
    • U.S. economic aid:
      • Agnew-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 82
      • Habib assessments, 170
      • Holdridge-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
      • Kissinger assessments, 50
      • Kissinger-Kim Jong Pil communications, 112
      • Korea budget study, 2, 37
      • National Security Council meetings, 51
      • National Security Decision Memoranda, 56
      • National Security Study Memoranda, 37, 133
      • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 100
      • Rogers-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
      • Stans-Nak Sun Lee meetings, 111
      • Textiles, 40, 94, 100, 112
    • U.S. military aid:
      • Kissinger assessments, 70
      • Laird assessments, 24
      • Laird-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 49
      • Mutual Defense Treaty, 36, 61, 64, 73, 74, 78
      • National Security Council meetings, 51
      • Rogers-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
      • U.S. Defense Ministerial-South Korea meetings, 67
    • U.S. policy reassessment, 2
  • South Korean force modernization:
    • Agnew-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 82
    • Agnew visits South Korea, 71
    • Agreement finalized, 88
    • Habib assessments, 170
    • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
    • Johnson assessments, 62
    • Laird Korea visit, 101
    • Michaelis-McCain communications, 69
    • Michaelis-Park Chung Hee meetings, 68
    • National Security Council meetings, 55
    • National Security Decision Memoranda, 107, 133
    • Nixon-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 136
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 115, 142
    • Nixon updated, 91
    • NSC assessments, 98, 107
    • Porter-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 73
    • Porter-Park Chung Hee meetings, 58, 68, 76
    • Presidential Determination 735, 156
    • South Korea-U.S. Defense Ministerial meetings, 67
    • U.S. military aid and, 70
  • South Korean political situation:
    • Agnew-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 113
    • Bureau of Intelligence and Research assessments, 84, 113, 118
    • CIA assessments, 83
    • Diplomatic assurances, 78
    • Eliot assessments, 77
    • Green-Kim Dae Jung meetings, 169
    • Green-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 123
    • Habib assessments, 122, 164, 165, 170
    • Habib-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 166
    • Habib-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 121, 160, 161, 162
    • Habib-Lee Hu Rak meetings, 117
    • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
    • Johnson-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 163
    • Kim Dae Jung threatened, 92
    • Kim Dae Jung U.S. visit, 85, 87
    • Kissinger-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 81
    • National Intelligence Estimates, 30, 80
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 119
    • Park Chung Hee reelections, 93, 172
    • Porter assessments, 75
    • Referendum, 167
    • Reunification issue, 90
  • Soviet Union:
    • Czechoslovakia ice hockey victory over, 19
    • Czech Revolution, 15, 17
    • Korean Task Force, 26
    • National Security Council meetings, 34
    • Nixon-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
    • Nixon-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 136
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 142
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 35
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 151
    • U.N. Korean question, 152
    • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown, 8, 13, 14
    • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 28
  • Special National Intelligence Estimates, SNIE 14.2–69, “Confrontation in Korea,” 1
  • Stans, Maurice H., 40, 91, 111
  • Steakley, Gen. Ralph D., 13
  • Sullivan, William, 135, 143
  • Taiwan, 127
  • Tanaka Kakuei, 154
  • Taylor, Rufus, 1
  • Thailand, 35, 143
  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). See Soviet Union.
  • United Nations:
    • Command in Korea, 152
    • Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea, 148, 152, 153
    • Habib-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 121
    • Korean question:
      • Agnew-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 82
      • Habib assessments, 170
      • Kissinger-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 110
      • NSC assessments, 133, 152
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 153
      • State Department analyses, 148
    • Korean Task Force, 26
    • North/South Korea confrontation possibilities, 139
    • Rogers-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 109
    • South Korea recognized as sole legal government in Korea, 138
    • U.S. helicopter crew incident, 41, 44
    • U.S. troop reductions, 74
    • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 36
  • United States Intelligence Board (USIB), 1
  • U.S. reconnaissance flight shootdown (April 14, 1969):
    • CIA assessments, 11, 14
    • Haig assessments, 12
    • JCS assessments, 7, 10
    • Korean Task Force, 27
    • Laird assessments, 17
    • Military response plan request, 10
    • National Security Council meetings, 13
    • National Security Study Memoranda, 52
    • Nixon-Choong Hoon Park meetings, 21
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 8, 9, 15, 19, 22
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 25, 35
    • Porter-Park Chung Hee meetings, 18
    • Resumption of scheduled reconnaissance operations, 20
    • Rogers-Dobrynin meetings, 8
    • Sneider assessments, 16
    • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 28, 36
  • U.S. troop reductions (see also South Korean force modernization):
    • Agnew-Park Chung Hee meetings, 71
    • “Agreed Minutes,” 74, 78
    • Agreement finalized, 88
    • Brown-Porter communications, 60
    • CIA assessments, 83
    • Diplomatic assurances, 78
    • Force capabilities of South Korea, 53
    • Habib assessments, 170
    • Haig-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 106
    • Holdridge assessments, 63
    • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
    • Johnson assessments, 62
    • Kim Il Sung peace proposal and, 123, 149
    • Kissinger-Kim Jong Pil meetings, 81
    • Kissinger-Gallagher meetings, 66
    • Michaelis-Park Chung Hee meetings, 68
    • Mutual Defense Treaty, 61, 64, 73, 74, 78
    • National Security Council meetings, 51, 55
    • National Security Decision Memoranda, 56
    • National Security Study Memoranda, 52
    • Nixon-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
    • Nixon-Kissinger communications, 45, 47
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 58, 61, 64, 115
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 58
    • Porter assessments, 54, 86
    • Porter-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 61
    • Porter-Park Chung Hee meetings, 58, 68, 76
    • Re-aligned configuration of U.S. troops, 65
    • Rogers assessments, 72
    • Rogers-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 63
    • Rogers-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 49, 57, 73
    • South Korea-U.S. Defense Ministerial meetings, 67
    • Tydings assessments, 57
    • U.S. economic aid to South Korea and, 56
    • U.S.-South Korean joint statement, 79
    • Wheeler-Park Chung Hee meetings, 46
    • Withdrawal orders, 86
  • Vietnam, South Korean troops in:
    • Bunker assessments, 155
    • Capital Division withdrawals (1973), 155
    • Habib assessments, 141, 155
    • Habib-Kim Yong Shik communications, 114
    • Habib-Park Chung Hee meetings, 145
    • Habib-Yu Chae Hung meetings, 171
    • Habib-Yun Sok-Hon meetings, 114
    • Haig-Habib meetings, 156
    • Haig-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 106
    • Holdridge assessments, 89, 105
    • Holdridge-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 134
    • Holdridge Korea visit, 90
    • Irwin assessments, 128
    • Kissinger assessments, 131
    • Laird assessments, 17, 97, 129, 159
    • National Security Council assessments, 126
    • National Security Council meetings, 51
    • National Security Decision Memoranda, 95, 96, 97, 99, 105, 131, 132, 157, 159
    • Nixon-Choong Hoon Park meetings, 21
    • Nixon-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 5
    • Nixon-Kim Yong Shik meetings, 136
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee communications, 144
    • Nixon-Park Chung Hee meetings, 35
    • Paris peace talks, 3, 17, 35
    • Porter-Choi Kyu Hah meetings, 89
    • Rogers-Chung Il Kwon meetings, 6
    • Rogers-Kim Dong Jo meetings, 3
    • Sneider assessments, 16
    • South Korean position, 124
    • South Korea-U.S. Defense Ministerial meetings, 67
    • State Department analyses, 95
    • Underhill-Hahm Pyong Choon meetings, 137
    • Under Secretaries Committee assessments, 157
    • U.S. position, 96, 99
    • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 135, 143
    • Withdrawal plans/orders, 86, 89
  • Walsh, John P., 25
  • Wandler, Mark, 135, 153
  • Ware, Richard A., 51
  • Washington Post, 134, 149
  • Washington Special Actions Group (WSAG):
    • Korean Task Force, 26, 28
    • Meetings:
      • June 11, 1969, 26
      • July 2, 1969, 28
      • July 11, 1969, 29
      • Aug. 2, 1969, 32
      • Aug. 8, 1969, 33
      • Aug. 25, 1969, 36
      • Sept. 17, 1969, 38
      • Apr. 26, 1972, 135
      • June 1, 1972, 143
    • Military contingency planning, 28, 29, 38
    • Vietnam, South Korean troops in, 135, 143
  • Weiss, Seymour, 157
  • Wheeler, Gen. Earle G., 9, 13, 34, 37, 46
  • Wilhelm, John K., 157
  • Yang Yoon Sae, 21
  • Yi Chang-Sik, 147
  • Yi Hu-rak. See Lee Hu Rak.
  • Yomiuri, 123
  • Yoon Ha-jong, 31, 90
  • Yu Chae Hung, 116, 171
  • Yu Chi San, 165
  • Yu Ki Hong, 123, 169
  • Yun Sok-Hon, 114