[Page 763]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Aaron, David, 74, 217, 218
    • Abzug, Bella, 53
    • Academic freedom, 112
    • Acheson, Dean G., 94, 139, 144
    • Ad Hoc Bicentennial Planning Committee, 85
    • Ad Hoc Net Assessment Group, 8
    • Ad Hoc Senior Management Review Group, 116
    • Advisory Board on National Defense, 147
    • Advisory Commission on Information, 103
    • Aeroflot, 218
    • Affirmative action, 152
    • Afghanistan, 218
    • Africa (see also individual countries), 113, 210, 218
    • African-Americans, 20, 21, 124, 129, 152
    • Agee, Philip B. F., 15, 16, 26, 47
    • Agency for International Development (USAID):
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Cultural exchange, 98
      • Food policy organization, 177
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 213, 217, 221
      • Foreign economic relations, 166
      • Human rights, 174
      • Leaks, 139
      • Narcotics control, 160, 168, 173
      • Reorganization of, 166
      • Role of, 135
      • Single personnel system for, 156, 157
      • Staff meetings, 120
      • State Department relationships within geographic bureaus, 123
      • Subcommittee on International Exchanges, 98
    • Agnew, Spiro T., 19, 20, 87
    • Agreement on Exchanges and Cooperation in Scientific, Technical, Educational, Cultural, and Other Fields in 1972–1973, 91, 92
    • Agricultural coordination, 165
    • Agriculture, U.S. Department of:
      • Civil Service system in, 154
      • Economic policy organization, 175, 179
      • Economics as an intelligence community focus, 79
      • Intelligence analysis by, 45
      • Non-military incidents, 163
      • State Department relations with, 223
      • U.S. aid policy, 164
    • Ahern, Paul L., 155
    • Aherne, R. W., 214, 216
    • “Ahora” (TV series), 86
    • Aid policy, 164
    • Ain Shams University, 98
    • Air Force, U.S. Department of, 154
    • Aircraft:
    • Airlie House, 85
    • Alaska, 159
    • Albert, Carl B., 33, 87, 147
    • Aldrich, George H., 57
    • Algeria, 128
    • Alias documents, 20
    • Allen, Gen. Lew, Jr., 32, 40
    • Allen, Robert S., 20
    • Allende Gossens, Salvador, 22, 26, 56, 117, 137
    • Allison, Graham, 217
    • Ambassadorial appointments, 219
    • American Broadcasting Company (ABC), 206
    • American Field Service, 92
    • American Foreign Service Association (AFSA), 126, 129, 144, 148, 154, 223
    • American Friends of the Middle East, 92, 98
    • American Illustrated, 86
    • The American Purpose (film), 86
    • American Revolution, 94
    • American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, 85, 86, 97, 107
    • American Specialists program, 112
    • American Studies Associations, 85
    • American Studies programs, 95
    • American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T), 83, 148
    • Analytic policy planning meetings, 120, 130
    • Anderson, Burnett, 86
    • Anderson, George W., Jr., 1, 116
    • Anderson, Jack, 6, 20, 22, 47
    • Angleton, James Jesus:
    • Angola, 54, 65, 74, 218
    • Anti-Americanism, 90
    • Anti-discrimination regulations, 133
    • Anti-war movement, 7, 17, 19, 20
    • ANZUS, 105
    • Apollo-Soyuz project, 94
    • Arab-Israeli War (1973), 44, 50, 65, 139
    • Areeda, Philip E., 18, 20, 34
    • Argentina, 190
    • Armenia, 113
    • Armitage, John A., 107
    • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA):
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Congressional subpoena on documents of, 59
      • Director as NSC member (proposal), 202
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 217
      • MAAG requirements, 189
      • Non-military incidents, 163
      • Organization in State Department of, 125, 135
      • Security Assistance Program Review Committee, 181
      • Staff meetings of, 120
      • State Department relationship to, 109, 112
      • Strengthening of, 147
    • Arms Export Control Act (1976), 223
    • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
    • Arms Transfer Board, 183
    • Arms transfers, 181, 183, 223
    • Article I (U.S. Constitution), 59
    • Ash, Roy L.:
      • Agricultural coordination, 165
      • Intelligence community, 14
      • International Energy Review Group, 170
      • International Food Review Group, 176
      • MAAG requirements, 190
      • Narcotics control, 160, 168, 173
      • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 87
    • Asia, 92, 103, 105, 166
    • Asia Foundation, 92
    • Asian-Americans, 152
    • Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, 95
    • Aspin, Les, 54
    • Assad, Hafez al-, 219
    • Assassination plots:
    • Astronauts, 96
    • Atherton, Alfred L., Jr., 128, 184
    • Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), 169
    • Austin, Tim, 155
    • Australia, 94, 105, 113
    • Austria, 190
    • Azorian, 30
    • Back to Back relationships, 123
    • Bailey, Steve, 95
    • Baker, Howard H., Jr., 15, 74
    • Baker, William O., 1, 15
    • Balance of payments, 94
    • Ball, George, 197
    • Baltic states, 113
    • Bangladesh, 128, 137
    • Barnes, Harry G., Jr., 91
    • Bartels, John, 168
    • Bartholomew, Reginald, 142, 177, 217
    • Base negotiations, 125
    • Basic Officer Course, 141
    • Basket III, 107
    • Bay of Pigs, 24
    • Behavior modification, 20
    • Belgium, 190
    • Belin, David W., 36, 39
    • Belorussia, 113
    • Bentsen, Lloyd, 105
    • Berding, Andrew, 103
    • Bergsten, C. Fred, 217, 218
    • Bering Sea, 159
    • Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali, 219
    • Bicentennial of the American Revolution, 85, 86, 97, 107
    • Bilateral joint commissions, 98
    • Billington, James, 92
    • Bird, Caroline, 148
    • Birnbaum, Philip, 221
    • Blaney, Harry C., 169
    • Blood, Archer K., 137
    • Blue Ribbon Defense Panel, 75
    • Blue Ribbon Panel (see also Rockefeller Commission), 18, 19, 21, 23
    • Blumenthal, W. Michael, 192
    • Board for International Broadcasting (BIB), 102, 113
    • Board for International Broadcasting Act (P.L. 93–129), 87, 113
    • Board of Foreign Scholarships, 95, 97
    • Board of Professional Development, 144, 146, 223
    • Board of the Foreign Service, 223
    • Boles, Kenneth, 86
    • Bolivia, 190
    • Bolling, Richard W., 16
    • Borg, C. Arthur, 112, 215, 217, 221, 224
    • Boswell, Eric J., 186, 217
    • Bouchard, Donald J., 152
    • Bourne, Peter, 221
    • Boverie, Richard T., 182
    • Boyatt, Thomas, 54, 65, 129, 137
    • Boyer, Neil A., 92, 95
    • Braden, Tom, 39, 40
    • Brainwashing, 43
    • Brandt, Willy, 92
    • Bray, Charles W., III, 132
    • Brazil, 150, 190, 219
    • Breckenridge, S. D., 55
    • Bremer, L. Paul “Jerry”, III, 54, 137, 139, 143, 144, 207
    • Brennan, Peter J., 163
    • Brezhnev, Leonid I., 65, 94, 117
    • Bridges, Peter S., 141, 215, 217, 221
    • Brimmer, Andrew, 21
    • Brinegar, Claude S., 163
    • British Broadcasting Company (BBC), 93
    • Broderick, William D., 184
    • Brookings Institution, 218
    • Broomfield, William, 45, 110, 147
    • Brown, Gen. George S.:
      • Criteria for approving covert U.S. actions, 80
      • Defense Intelligence Board, 76
      • Defense intelligence reorganization, 75
      • 40 Committee meetings, 32
      • Functions and membership of NSC sub-groups, 208
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 40, 58, 62, 64
      • MAAG requirements, 190
    • Brown, Lewis Dean:
      • As Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs (discussion of), 197
      • Bureau reorganization, 128
      • Consensus among FSOs, 132
      • Food policy organization, 177
      • Human rights, 174
      • Leaks, 137, 139
      • Policy Planning Staff studies, 142
      • Secretarial Task Force, 133
      • State Department black caucus, 124
    • Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 210, 216, 220
    • Buchen, Philip W.:
      • Approaches for implementation of recommendations of Rockefeller Commission, 46, 47
      • Church Committee hearings on Chile, 56
      • Church Committee report on assassinations of foreign leaders, 52, 55
      • Church’s requests for documents, 38
      • CIA domestic spying:
        • Assessment of extent of, 22
        • Blue Ribbon Panel on, 21, 23
        • Congressional investigations into, 35, 37, 44
        • Helms-Ford talks on, 24
        • Presidential response to conflict over, proposals for, 18
      • Congressional leaders as NSC members, 201
      • Defense intelligence reorganization, 75
      • Executive Order 11905, 80
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • Intelligence community, 48, 51, 64, 67, 68
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49, 53
      • NSC staff reductions, 200
      • NSCID No. 9, 22
      • Schlesinger Report (1971), 47
      • Senior Review Group, 205
      • Terrorism, 185
    • Buffum, William B., 177
    • Bulgaria, 113
    • Bundy, McGeorge, 63
    • Bunker, Ellsworth, 218
    • Bureau of Administration, 156
    • Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (CU) (see also Cultural exchange):
      • Abolition of, 110, 147
      • Bilateral joint commissions, 98
      • Cooperation with USIA, 92
      • Country Plans, 94
      • Exchange programs, 92, 112
      • Merging with USIA of, proposal, 103, 109, 110
      • Monthly Reports, 95
      • Organization of, 112, 125
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 106
    • Bureau of Humanitarian Affairs (proposed), 174
    • Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), 166, 197
    • Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, 168
    • Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES), 167, 174
    • Bureau of Oceans and Technology, 125
    • Bureau of Personnel, 149, 223
    • Bureau of Planning and Policy Coordination, 134
    • Bureau of Public Affairs, 146
    • Bureau of Science and Technology (BSI), 167
    • Bureau reorganization, 128, 147
    • Burke, Adm. Arleigh, 18
    • Burma, 105, 168
    • Burns, Arthur, 219, 220
    • Bush, George H. W.:
      • Appointment as DCI of, 58, 68, 203
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Church Committee’s final report, 74
      • CIA intelligence briefing recommendations, 211
      • CIA morale, 78
      • CIA-NSC relations, 78
      • Colby’s report on Hersh’s article on CIA domestic spying, 19
      • Committee on Foreign Intelligence meetings, 71
      • Congressional appearances, 78
      • Criteria for approving covert U.S. actions, 80
      • EPB meeting on intelligence, 79
      • Executive Order 11905, 78, 80
      • Functions and membership of NSC sub-groups, 208
      • Intelligence community, 63, 68, 69, 79
      • “Intelligence for the Future” (PFIAB report), 82
      • International Exchange Council, 89
      • MAAG requirements, 190
      • National intelligence production, 73
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 77, 83
      • Six-month progress report, 78
      • State Department-CIA relations, 78
    • Butz, Earl L., 163, 176
    • Byrnes, John, 18
    • Cabinet Committee on International Narcotics Control (CCINC), 160, 168, 188
    • Cabinet Committee on Terrorism, 185
    • Califano, Joseph, 63
    • Callaghan, James, 34
    • Cambodia, 105, 117, 171
    • Cameroon, 112
    • Campbell, Richard, 118, 197
    • Canada, 113, 166
    • Capital flows, 191
    • Career Principals Committee (of AFSA), 154
    • Carlin, James L., 186
    • Carter, Darrell, 86
    • Carter, James Earl:
      • Economics as an intelligence community focus, 79
      • Electoral victory of, 210, 213
      • Facility-sharing of international broadcasting facilities, 113
      • Ford-Carter transition process:
        • Appointment of State Department liaison, 215
        • CIA intelligence briefing recommendations, 211
        • Ford-Carter meeting, 220
        • Ford-Carter phone call, 211
        • Instructions for beginning of, 214
        • Kissinger’s meetings with, 217, 218, 219
        • Mechanics of, 212
        • Naming of transition team, 210
      • Mondale as running-mate of, 211
      • Reorganization Plan No. 2, 110
      • SALT II negotiations, 220
    • Carver, George A., Jr., 11
    • Case, Clifford, 32, 186
    • Casey, William J., 63, 79, 197
    • Casey report, 164
    • Castro, Fidel, 20, 22, 23, 52
    • Caucasus Mountains, 113
    • Ceausescu, Nicolae, 90
    • Censorship, 100
    • Center for Strategic and International Studies (Georgetown University), 103, 110
    • Central Asia, 113
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (see also Church Committee; Director of Central Intelligence; intelligence community; Rockefeller Commission):
      • Administration Directorate, 36
      • Alias documents, 20
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • As part of intelligence community, 70
      • Assassinations of foreign leaders, 20
      • Behavior modification experiments by, 20
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • Church Committee security rules from, 35, 44
      • Colby’s speech to employees of, 43
      • Congressional oversight of, 16, 26, 63
      • Congressional relations with, 78
      • Covert U.S. actions:
        • Church Committee access to documents on, 44
        • Criteria for approval for, 80
        • 40 Committee approval of, 35
        • In Chile:
          • Church Committee report on, 56, 74
          • Colby’s testimony before House Armed Services Committee on, 15, 26
          • India’s conclusions from, 137
          • Track II, 54
          • With ITT, 22, 83
        • In Mexico, 15
        • Kissinger’s over-ruling of objections to, 65
        • Political activity, 15
      • DCI:
        • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
        • Bush appointment as, 58, 68, 203
        • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
        • Colby as, 196, 203
        • Defense Secretary’s relationship with, 51
        • Directives of, 71
        • Dual roles of, 40, 45, 51
        • Intelligence Community Staff, 77
        • National intelligence production, approach to, 73, 81
        • New roles for, possible, 61, 62
        • Responsibilities of, 70, 81
        • Schlesinger as, 2, 196
      • Defense attach, system, 116
      • DIA difference in USIB with, 39
      • DOJ meeting with, 20, 29
      • Domestic spying by:
        • Anderson and staff surveilled in, 20
        • Assessment of extent of, 22
        • Blue Ribbon Panel on, 18, 19, 21, 23
        • Call for investigation into, 17
        • Checking of files on, 17
        • Colby’s minimization of extent of, 19
        • Congressional investigations of:
          • Executive branch strategies in responding to, 32, 34, 37, 44
          • Ford’s meetings with Church and Tower over, 34, 35
          • Loss of agency effectiveness due to, 36
        • Executive Order proposed against, 47, 48
        • Helms-Ford talks on, 24
        • Investigation of retired employees, 25
        • Legal actions over, possibility of, 19
        • Memo clarifying scope of, 19
        • On anti-war movement, 7, 17, 19, 20
        • On black militants, 20
        • Options for restrictions on, 47
        • Presidential responses to conflict over, proposals for, 18
        • Surveillance of agency employees, 43
        • Wiretaps, 43
      • Drug experiments, 7, 43
      • Dual deputies proposal, 47
      • Electronic phone equipment as tested by, 20
      • Ellsberg burglary role of, 6, 7
      • Executive Order 11905’s directions for, 70, 78
      • “Family Jewels,” 7, 17, 21, 22, 25
      • FBI, cooperation with, 19, 22
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 211, 213, 217
      • Foreign Broadcasting Information Service, 40
      • Hunt’s connections with, 6, 20, 39
      • INR, desire for abolishing of, 197
      • Inspector-General, role of, 39, 43
      • Intelligence Directorate, 36
      • Jamming of U.S. radio broadcasts, 113
      • Jurisdictional responsibilities, 42
      • Kennedy assassination, question of role in, 39, 42
      • Legislative Interdepartmental Group role of, 196
      • MAAG requirements, 189
      • Mail screening by, 20, 22, 36, 66
      • MHCHAOS project, 39, 42
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 140
      • Morale in, 78
      • Narcotics control, 43, 70, 168
      • National Photographic Interpretation Center (NPIC), 40
      • National Security Act of 1947 as legislative charter of, 6, 70
      • Nixon administration misuse of, 42
      • NSC relations with, 78
      • NSC sub-group membership for, 205
      • Office of National Estimates, 10, 11
      • Open vs. secret budget for, 43
      • Operations Directorate, 2
      • Organization of international energy policy, 169
      • Over-bureaucratization of Clandestine Service, 1
      • Pike Committee draft report’s highlights, 65
      • Polygraph effectiveness, 20
      • Presidential access by, 15
      • Presidential concern over future of, 21, 23
      • Presidential oversight of, 47, 48, 68
      • Psychological profiling, 20, 21, 22
      • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty as funded by, 87, 102
      • Renaming of, proposal for, 147
      • Reports prepared for the Rockefeller Commission, 36
      • Russian defector’s confinement by, 20, 22
      • Schlesinger’s shake-up of, 2
      • Science and Technology Directorate, 36
      • Secrecy agreements, 34
      • Seen as “rogue elephant,” 46
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 81
      • State Department relations with, 78
      • Study: International Connections of U.S. Peace Groups, 19
      • Surveillance of journalists by, 7, 19
      • Tarnishing of image of, 15
      • Terrorism, 43, 185
      • Toxic agent storage by, 74
      • Watergate affair involvement of:
        • Anderson article on, 6
        • Baker report on, 15
        • Congressional testimony on, 6, 24
        • DOJ-CIA talks on, 20
        • Equipment as provided to Hunt, 21
        • Memo for determination of, 7, 20
    • Ceylon, 128
    • Cheney, Richard B.:
      • Church Committee report on assassinations of foreign leaders, 52
      • CIA domestic spying, 18, 44
      • Intelligence community, 63, 64, 81
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 110
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 83
      • Terrorism, 185
    • Cherne, Leo M., 15, 79, 82, 103
    • Chiang Kai-shek, 105
    • Chile:
      • CIA involvement in:
        • Church Committee’s report on, 56, 74
        • Colby’s testimony before House Armed Services Committee, 15, 26
        • India’s conclusions from, 137
        • Track II, 54
        • With ITT, 22, 83
      • Embassy staff reduction reviews, 150
      • MAAG in, 190
      • Remarks on human rights to officials of, 137, 139
      • Schneider’s assassination, 22, 52
      • War with Peru (possible), 218
    • China, People’s Republic of:
      • Brainwashing in, 43
      • CIA screening of mail to, 20, 22, 36
      • Cultural exchanges with the United States, 91, 92
      • Ford-Carter transition discussions of, 218, 219
      • Intelligence services of, 41
      • Military research and development, 9
      • U.S. food exports to, 165
      • USIA programs in, 96
    • China, Republic of, 105, 190
    • Church, Frank F.:
      • Appointment as chair of Select Committee, 31
      • Church Committee report on assassinations of foreign leaders, 52, 55
      • CIA seen as “rogue elephant” by, 46
      • Colby’s acknowledgement of assassination plots to, 43
      • Colby’s meeting with Tower and, 35
      • Executive privilege, 35
      • Final Church Committee report, 74
      • Ford’s meeting with Tower and, 34, 35
      • McCone’s meeting with, 15
      • Messages to Ford, 38, 56, 57
    • Church Committee (see also Central Intelligence Agency; Senate, U.S.):
      • Access to documents by, 35, 38, 44, 50, 54
      • Assassination of foreign leaders, report on, 52, 55, 74
      • CFI recommendations, 74
      • Chile report of, 56, 74
      • CIA security rules for, 35, 44
      • Establishment of, 31
      • Executive orders, 38, 74
      • FBI as investigated by, 31, 34
      • FBI security arrangements for, 35
      • Final report of, 74, 81
      • Investigation of U.S. actions abroad, 42, 44
      • Objectives of, 31
      • Report of compared to Pike Committee report, 74
      • Rockefeller Commission’s work as reviewed by, 31, 35
      • Vietnam, U.S actions in, 42
    • CIA Act (1949) (P.L. 81–110), 70
    • CIA and the Cult of Intelligence (Marchetti), 17, 32, 47
    • CIA Program, 62, 81
    • Civil Rights Act (1964), 148
    • Civil Service Commission, 154, 156
    • Civil Service system, 154, 158, 223
    • Civil War, 94
    • Clandestine Service, 1, 2
    • Clark, Kenneth B., 152
    • Clark, Ramsey, Creation of unit for surveillance of anti-war movement by, 21
    • Clarke, John M., 44
    • Classified information:
      • Leaks of, 83
      • Murphy Commission recommendations for, 147
      • Penalties for disclosure of, 47
      • Unilateral declassification of, 50
      • Use in NSC of, 204
      • Withholding of, 50
    • Claxton, Phil, 167
    • Clements, William P., Jr.:
      • CIA domestic spying, 34
      • Defense attach, system, 116
      • 40 Committee meetings, 32
      • Kissinger’s role in NSC, 197
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 140
      • Overseas Personnel Reduction Program (OPRED), 127
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 83
    • Clientism, 136
    • Clifford, Clark, 211
    • Clift, Denis, 110, 200
    • Cline, Ray, 139
    • Coast Guard, U.S., 159
    • Cohen, Jerry, 83
    • Colby, William E.:
      • (not declassified), 4
      • Approaches for implementation of recommendations of Rockefeller Commission, 46
      • Assassination plots against foreign leaders, 43, 55
      • Azorian, 30
      • Chilean involvement of CIA, 15, 26, 56
      • CIA domestic spying:
        • Assessment of extent of, 22
        • Congressional investigations into, 32, 34, 36, 44
        • Investigation of retired employees, 25
        • Minimization of extent by, 19
      • Congressional oversight of CIA, 26, 63
      • Congressional requests for documents, attitude toward, 54
      • DOJ-CIA meeting, 20, 29
      • Emotional state of, 25
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • “Family Jewels,” 7, 25
      • 40 Committee meetings, 32
      • House Armed Services testimony of, 15, 26
      • Intelligence community:
      • Intelligence Community Staff, 40
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49
      • International Energy Review Group, 170
      • ITT, 25
      • Joint Congressional Committee on Intelligence, 16, 26, 28, 29, 32
      • Kissinger’s views on, 23
      • LSD as tested by CIA, 7, 43
      • Management by objectives (MBO), 39
      • Meetings:
      • Messages:
      • National Intelligence Officers, 10, 11, 73
      • NSC Intelligence Committee (NSCIC) membership, 13
      • NSC role of, 39
      • NSCID No. 9, 22, 39
      • Phoenix program role of, 25
      • Replacement as DCI of, 203
      • Rockefeller Commission testimony of, 29, 39
      • Speech to employees, 43
      • Staff reductions in Clandestine Service, 2
      • Swearing-in as DCI, 196
      • Watergate affair, CIA involvement in, 7, 20
    • Colby report, 19, 21, 22, 24, 38
    • Cole, 160, 165, 176
    • Coleman, William T., Jr., 21, 79
    • Colombia, 190
    • Commerce, U.S. Department of:
      • Economic policy organization, 166, 175, 179
      • Intelligence analysis by, 45
      • Policy makers-intelligence community relations, 79
      • State Department rivalry with, 166, 223
      • U.S. aid policy, 164
    • Commission on CIA Activities within the United States. See Blue Ribbon Panel; Rockefeller Commission.
    • Commission on Productivity, 175
    • Commission on the Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government (Hoover Commission), 154
    • Commission on the Organization of the Government for the Conduct of Foreign Policy. See Murphy Commission.
    • Committee on Fertilizer, 175
    • Committee on Foreign Affairs Personnel, 154
    • Committee on Foreign Intelligence (CFI):
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • Effectiveness of, 83
      • Executive Order creating, 70, 71, 208
      • “Intelligence for the Future” (PFIAB report), 82
      • Meetings of, 71, 78
      • Proposals for establishment of, 67, 68
      • Semi-annual intelligence review, 77
    • Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People’s Republic of China, 95
    • Commodities, 166, 191, 218
    • Communication technology, 94
    • Communications, transnational, 97, 103
    • Communications policy, 112
    • Competitive analysis, 82
    • Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty negotiations, 219
    • Compton, Ann, 206
    • Cone System, 126, 131, 146
    • Conference Board of New York, 92
    • Conference of Chiefs of Mission to East Asian Countries (Tokyo, Oct. 1973), 121
    • Conference on International Economic Cooperation (CIEC), 191, 214, 218
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), 93, 107, 125, 218
    • Confidence-building measures (CBMs), 107
    • Congo, Democratic Republic of, 42, 52, 65, 107
    • Congress, U.S.:
      • Access to documents by, 35, 38, 44, 50, 54
      • Arms transfers, 183
      • Assassination plots, 66
      • Bush’s appearances before, 78
      • CIA briefings on “family jewels,” 21
      • CIA files on members of, 19
      • CIA relations with, 78
      • Colby’s testimony before, 15, 22, 26, 28, 29
      • Coordination on national security affairs with, 196
      • DOD relations with, 218
      • Domestic spying:
        • Executive branch strategies in responding to investigations by, 32, 34, 37, 44
        • Ford’s meeting with Church and Tower over, 34, 35
        • Loss of CIA effectiveness due to investigations by, 36
      • FBI as investigated by, 31, 34
      • Ford’s address to Joint Session (Aug. 1974), 199
      • Foreign economic relations, 166
      • Human rights, 174
      • Intelligence community as attacked by members of, 48
      • Intelligence community oversight by, 16, 26, 63
      • Joint Committee on National Security (proposal), 45
      • Kissinger’s appearances before, 117, 196, 197
      • Nixon’s speech on narcotics (June 1971) to, 160
      • NSC membership for leaders of, 201
      • Personnel structure of State Department, 223
      • Presidents report on international broadcast facilities to, 111
      • Questions about Portugal by, 54
      • Select Committee on Intelligence, 74
      • State Department report on personnel systems, 158
      • USIA reports on overseas operations to, 96
      • Watergate, 6, 24
    • Congress, U.S., Acts of:
      • Arms Export Control Act (1976), 223
      • Board for International Broadcasting Act (P.L. 93–129), 87, 113
      • CIA Act (1949) (P.L. 81–110), 70
      • Civil Rights Act (1964), 148
      • Foreign Assistance Act (1961), 26, 80, 168
      • Foreign Assistance Act (1974), 16, 27, 45, 80
      • Foreign Assistance Act (1975), 26
      • Foreign Military Sales Act (1976), 183
      • Foreign Relations Authorization Act (1977), 111, 113, 158, 223
      • Foreign Service Act (1946), 144, 153, 154, 156, 158, 223
      • Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 78
      • Fulbright Act (1946), 92
      • Fulbright-Hays Act (1961) (P.L. 87–256), 91, 92, 103
      • H.R. 12006, 63
      • Hughes Amendment, 45
      • International Security Assistance and Arms Control Export Act (1976), 186, 187, 189
      • Mutual Education and Cultural Exchange Act (1961) (P.L. 87–256), 91, 92, 112
      • National Defense Education Act, 95
      • National Security Act (1947):
        • As CIA’s legislative charter, 6, 70
        • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
        • CIA activities as restricted by, 16, 19
        • H.R. 7600 as amendment to, 201
        • Revision of, 46, 47, 51, 63
      • Nunn Amendment, 182
      • Pearson Amendment, 143
      • P.L. 90–494, 126, 158
      • P.L. 93–390, 22
      • P.L. 93–559, 183
      • P.L. 94–141, 202
      • P.L. 94–329, 183
      • P.L. 480, 164, 175, 177
      • Secrecy protection legislation (proposals), 74
      • S.R. 400, 74
      • Surplus Property Act (1944), 92
      • U.S. Information and Educational Exchange Act (1948) (Smith-Mundt Act), 103
      • VOA Charter (P.L. 94–850), 111
      • War Powers Resolution, 66
    • Congressional Research Service, 112, 223
    • Connor, James, 205, 210, 224
    • Connor, John T.:
      • Approaches for implementation of recommendations of Rockefeller Commission, 46
      • As Rockefeller Commission member, 23
      • Blue Ribbon Panel on CIA domestic spying, 23
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • Intelligence community, 48
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49, 53
      • “Intelligence for the Future” (PFIAB report), 82
    • Consensus, 132, 136, 142
    • Consolidated Cryptologic Program, 51, 62, 70, 81
    • Constitution, U.S., 59, 74
    • Constructive interactions, 97
    • Consumer price index, 94
    • Contempt of Congress, 59
    • The Continuing Revolution (film), 86
    • Conventional forces, 182
    • Cooper, Charles A., 164, 169, 197
    • Cooper, Richard N., 218
    • Coordinator for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, 174, 186
    • Coriden, Guy E., 107
    • Cost of living, 94
    • Costa Rica, 190
    • Council of Economic Advisors, 45, 169, 175, 179, 191
    • Council of Economic Policy (CEP), 165
    • Council of International Planning (proposal), 147
    • Council on International Economic Policy (CIEP):
      • Agricultural coordination, 165
      • Aid policy, 164
      • Murphy Commission’s final report, 179
      • Organization of foreign economic policy, 166, 191, 192
      • Organization of international energy policy, 161, 169
      • Replacement of (proposal), 179
    • Council on Wage-Price Stability, 175
    • Counter-deception, 41
    • Counter-espionage, 41
    • Counter-intelligence, 21, 41, 82
    • Counterinsurgency, 80
    • Country Plans, 94
    • Country Team Narcotics Committee, 185
    • Covert U.S. actions:
      • Against narcotics, 80
      • Church Committee access to documents on, 35, 38, 44, 50, 54
      • Church Committee final report on, 74, 81
      • Criteria for approval of, 80
      • 40 Committee approval of, 35
      • 40 Committee reconstitution for overseeing of, 64, 67, 68
      • In Chile:
        • Church Committee’s report on, 56, 74
        • Colby’s testimony before House Armed Services Committee, 15, 26
        • India’s conclusions from, 137
        • Track II, 54
        • With ITT, 22, 83
      • In Mexico, 15
      • In Portugal, 15, 32
      • Kissinger’s over-ruling of objections to, 65
      • Murphy Commission’s recommendations on, 45
      • Oversight for, 16, 26, 47, 48, 63, 68
      • Political activity, 15
      • Reporting of, 16
      • Separate agency for, possible, 62
      • State Department role in, 61
      • U.S. expenditures on, 15
    • Covey, Jock, 212, 218
    • Cox, Archibald, 34
    • Coyne, J. Patrick, 15
    • Crespi, Leo P., 90
    • Crewdson, John M., 65
    • Cross-cultural communication, 97
    • Cruise missiles, 181, 218, 219
    • Cuba, 41, 42, 218, 219
    • Cultural conferences, 112
    • Cultural exchange (see also Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs):
      • AID role in, 98
      • Private international council for, 88, 89
      • Richardson’s speech on transnational communication, 97
      • Soviet programs for, 94
      • With communist countries, 91, 92
      • With Latin America, 92, 99
    • Cultural presentations, 91, 92, 94
    • Cultural relations, 103, 112
    • Curtis, Thomas B., 103, 110
    • Cushman, Robert E., Jr., 6
    • Cutler, Lloyd N., 21
    • Cyprus:
      • Briefing papers on, 218
      • Church Committee subpoena of documents relating to, 50
      • Coup (1974), 65
      • Exchange programs, 108
      • Ford-Carter transition discussions of, 218, 219
      • Kissinger appearance before Pike Committee, 54
      • Open Forum Panel discussion of, 136
      • Realignment to EUR of, 128
      • State Department policy differences on, 137
      • Turkish invasion of, 137
    • Cyprus Principles, 219
    • Czechoslovakia, 65, 90, 107, 113, 116
    • Daly, John, 100
    • Davies, Rodger, 65
    • Davis, Elmer, 100
    • Davis, Jeanne W.:
      • Congressional leaders as NSC members, 201
      • Disclosure of classified information, 63
      • Major recommendations in Murphy Commission report, 147, 179
      • NSC meeting participants, 193
      • NSC staff reductions, 200
      • NSC sub-group membership, 205
      • NSC’s national security decision-making role, 195, 209
      • Oil Import Control program, 162
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 109
      • Treasury Secretary as NSC member, 202
    • Davis, Lynn, 217
    • Davis, Nathaniel:
      • Arms transfers, 181
      • Cone System, 126, 131
      • Ethics of FSOs, 141
      • Field reporting, 141
      • Leaks, 137, 139
      • Morale of FSOs, 141
      • Promotions for, proposed, 122
      • State Department black caucus, 129
      • Women’s Action Organization, 129
    • Davison, W. Phillips, 103
    • Day, John K., 54
    • Dean, John, 19, 162
    • DeBona, Charles, 161
    • Debt rescheduling, 191, 218
    • Deception, 41
    • Decision-making, 115
    • Declaration of Independence, 94
    • Defectors, 20, 22
    • Defense, Secretary of, 51
    • Defense, U.S. Department of (DOD):
      • ACDA Director as NSC member (proposal), 202
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Arms transfers, 183
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • Congressional relations with, 218
      • Defense attach, system, 1, 116, 140
      • Defense intelligence reorganization, 75
      • Director of Defense Intelligence (DDI), 75
      • Executive Order 11905’s directions for, 70
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 217
      • Jamming of U.S. radio broadcasts, 113
      • Kissinger’s dual role in NSC and State as seen in, 198
      • Legislative Interdepartmental Group role of, 196
      • MAAG requirements, 189
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 140
      • NSC sub-group membership for, 205
      • Organization of international energy policy, 169
      • SALT II, 139, 198
      • Secretary of State’s Executive Assistant’s liaison with, 118
      • Security Assistance Program Review Committee, 181
      • Space policy, 180
      • State Department relations with, 223
      • Subcommittee on International Exchanges, 98, 112
      • Terrorism, 185
      • Treasury Secretary as NSC member, 207
    • Defense Attach, Offices, 189
    • Defense Attach, system, 1, 116, 140
    • Defense Field Offices, 189
    • Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA):
      • As part of intelligence community, 70
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • CIA difference at USIB with, 39
      • Effectiveness of, 15, 16, 45
      • Integrated approach to surveillance of anti-war movement, 19
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 40
      • Reorganization of, 75
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 81
    • Defense Intelligence Board (DIB), 76
    • Defense Program Review Committee (DPRC), 182, 195, 198, 205, 208
    • Defense Program Review Panel (DPRP), 182
    • Defense Review Panel (DRP), 182, 208
    • Defense Security Assistance Agency (DSAA), 181
    • Defense strategy reviews, 182
    • Dellums, Ron V., 54
    • Democratic National Committee (DNC), 6
    • Denmark, 190
    • Dent, Frederick B., 79, 163
    • Derge, David R., 103
    • Détente, 100, 105, 107, 165, 218
    • Deutsche Welle, 93
    • Devaluation of the dollar, 90
    • Development Assistance Committee (of OECD), 166
    • Development Coordination Committee, 175
    • Development Council (proposal), 166
    • Diggs, Charles C., Jr., 128
    • Dillon, C. Douglas, 21, 23, 39, 166
    • Diplomacy, modern, 94, 97, 147
    • Diplomacy for the ’70s, 154, 158, 223
    • Director of Central Intelligence (DCI):
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Bush appointment as, 58, 68, 203
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • Colby as, 196, 203
      • Defense Secretary’s relationship with, 51
      • Directives of, 71
      • Dual roles of, 40, 45, 51
      • Intelligence Community Staff, 77
      • National intelligence production, approach to, 73, 81
      • Responsibilities of, 70, 81
      • Role of, possible, 61, 62
      • Schlesinger as, 2, 196
    • Director of Defense Intelligence (DDI), 75
    • Disinformation, 41
    • Dissensus, 136
    • Diversity, 148
    • Doar, John, 21
    • Dobrynin, Anatoly F., 218, 220, 222
    • Documents not declassified, 4, 5, 27, 72
    • Domestic Council, 160, 161, 175, 179
    • Domestic Service, 156, 158
    • Dominican Republic, 42, 190
    • Donaldson, William H., 167, 169, 171
    • Douglas, William O., 94
    • Drug abuse, 160
    • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), 168, 173
    • Drug experiments, 7, 42, 43, 70
    • Dulles, Allen W., 15, 39, 83, 211
    • Dulles, John Foster, 102, 154
    • Dungan, Ralph A., 139
    • Dunlap, Henry A., 86
    • Duvall, Mike, 68, 74
    • Eagleberger, Lawrence S.:
      • (not declassified), 72
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Arms transfers, 183
      • Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (CU), 92
      • Cone System, 126, 131
      • Cultural presentations program, 91
      • Embassy staff reductions, 150, 151
      • Equal employment opportunity study, 152
      • Ethics of FSOs, 141
      • Executive assistants, 117, 118
      • Field reporting, 119, 141
      • Ford-Carter transition process:
        • Appointment of State Department liaison for, 212, 214, 215
        • Carter team request for issue papers, 221
        • Instructions for beginning of, 214
        • Kissinger’s meetings with Carter, 218, 219
        • Lake’s initial meeting with Ford team, 217
        • Mechanics of, 212
        • Organization and management of the State Department, 223
        • Resignation of Presidential appointees, 224
        • Writing of factual papers for Carter team, 216
      • Human rights, 186
      • Institutionalization of foreign policy, 135, 146
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 61
      • Interdepartmental system in State Department, 117
      • Kissinger’s appearance before Pike Committee, 54
      • Kissinger’s dual role in NSC and State, 197
      • Leaks, 136, 137, 139
      • Major recommendations in Murphy Commission report, 147
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 150
      • Morale in the State Department, 122, 141
      • Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Bureau, 167
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 109, 110
      • Personnel Bureau, 149
      • Personnel structure of State Department, 154, 156
      • Pike Committee, Highlights of draft report of, 65
      • Political impact on State of 1976 Presidential campaign, 155
      • Professional service reform, 143, 144
      • Regional resource attach, program, 184
      • Report to Congress on personnel systems, 158
      • Seen as loquacious, 209
      • Seventh floor organization, 125
      • Staff meetings, 120
      • State Department-CIA relations, 78
      • Treasury Secretary as NSC member, 207
      • Women employees, statistics on, 153
      • Women FSOs, task force to study, 148
    • Eames, Charles, 85
    • East Asia, 105, 108, 121
    • East-West Center (UH), 92
    • East-West Foreign Trade Board, 172
    • East-West relations, 139, 166
    • East-West Trade Policy Committee, 172, 175
    • Eastern Europe:
      • CSCE provisions on humanitarian affairs, 107
      • Cultural presentations, 92
      • Dumping of goods by, 79
      • Intelligence services of, 41
      • Jamming of U.S. radio broadcasts by, 113
      • Sharing of U.S. facilities broadcasting to, 111, 113
      • Soviet Union, economic relations with, 69
      • United States, relations with, 90, 94, 191
    • Eastland, James, 147
    • Easum, 128
    • Eberle, William D., 176
    • Echeverria Alvarez, Luis, 218
    • Ecology, 97
    • Economic intelligence, 9, 83
    • Economic policy, 147, 166, 175, 179, 191
    • Economic Policy Board (EPB):
      • As option for interagency coordination, 191, 192
      • Establishment of, 175
      • Meeting on intelligence, 79
      • NSC conflict with, 178
      • World Food Conference, 176
    • Ecuador, 150, 190
    • Edgar, Robert W., 201
    • Education, 103, 112
    • Educational and Cultural Affairs Subcommittee, 98
    • Educational Testing Service, 141
    • Edwards, Jim, 160
    • Egan, Wesley W., Jr., 54, 144
    • Egypt, 98, 112, 139
    • Ehrlichman, John D., 6, 117, 160, 161, 162
    • Eilts, Hermann F., 139
    • Eisenhower, Dwight D., 15, 102, 139, 195, 211
    • Eisenhower, Milton, 86
    • El Salvador, 190
    • Elder, John, 40
    • Elections, 139, 155, 210, 213
    • Electronic dialogue, 94, 96
    • Electronic intelligence (ELINT), 9, 66, 70
    • Electronic phone equipment, 20
    • Eliot, Theodore L., Jr., 87, 114, 117
    • Elliott, David D., 88, 91, 92
    • Ellsberg, Daniel, 6, 7, 21
    • Ellsworth, Robert F.:
      • Appointment as Deputy Secretary of Defense, 61
      • Committee on Foreign Intelligence meetings, 71
      • Defense Intelligence Board, 76
      • Defense intelligence reorganization, 75
      • Executive Order 11905, 80
      • NATO, 197
      • NSC’s semi-annual intelligence reviews, 77, 83
    • Embassy Narcotics Control Coordinators, 188
    • Emergency Energy Group, 169
    • Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 135
    • Enders, Thomas O., 177
    • Endowment for the Humanities, 86
    • Energy Action Group, 169
    • Energy crisis, 96, 103, 112
    • Energy Emergency Action Group, 169
    • Energy policy, 161, 169, 191
    • Energy Policy Office, 161
    • Energy Research and Development Administration, 70, 81
    • Energy Resources Council, 175
    • Enke, Stephen, 164
    • Environmental issues, 103, 167
    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 175
    • Equal employment opportunities, 124, 129, 148, 152, 153, 223
    • Ernst, David H., 188
    • Ernst, Maurice, 79
    • Ethics, 141
    • Ethiopia, 190
    • Eurocentrism, 97
    • European Parliament, 112
    • Evans, Rowland, 74
    • Exchange programs, 88, 89, 97, 98, 108, 112
    • Exchange Visitor programs, 112
    • Excom, 64, 67
    • Executive agreements, 147
    • Executive assistants, 117, 118
    • Executive Orders:
      • Church Committee’s requests for, 38
      • For restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • No. 11460, 70
      • No. 11491, 144
      • No. 11636, 223
      • No. 11652, 70
      • No. 11703, 162
      • No. 11748, 169
      • No. 11789, 172
      • No. 11808, 175
      • No. 11838, 144
      • No. 11846, 172
      • No. 11905:
        • Bush’s report on CIA implementation of, 78
        • CFI responsibilities under, 70, 71, 208
        • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
        • Criteria for approving covert U.S. actions, 80
        • National intelligence production system, 73
        • Operations Advisory Group as created by, 205, 208
        • Proposals for, 60, 63, 66
        • Semi-annual review of intelligence policies, 77, 81, 83
        • Text of, 70
      • No. 11958, 187
      • On restriction of domestic spying, 47, 48
    • Executive privilege:
      • Boyatt testimony, 65
      • Church-Ford discussions of, 35
      • Executive Branch discussions of, 44
      • Invoking over NSA actions of, 32
      • Invoking over Pike Committee subpoenas, 57, 65
      • Murphy Commission recommendations on, 147
    • Export-Import Bank, 175
    • Fahd bin Abdulaziz bin Saud, 98
    • “Family Jewels” (CIA catalog), 7, 17, 21, 22, 25
    • Family reunification, 107
    • Farr, William, 83
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI):
      • Church Committee final report on, 74
      • CIA cooperation with, 19, 22
      • Congressional investigation of activities of, 31, 34
      • Counter-intelligence role of, 21
      • DOJ’s preparation of guidelines for, 47, 66
      • Integrated approach to surveillance of anti-war movement, 19
      • Intelligence elements of, 70
      • Investigation of activities of, 24
      • Jurisdictional responsibilities, 42
      • Security arrangements for Church Committee, 35
      • Terrorism, 185
    • Federal Energy Administration, 169, 175
    • Federal Energy Office (FEO), 169
    • Federal Power Commission (FPC), 169
    • Federal Reserve, 166, 175
    • Feldman, Roger, 86
    • Field reporting, 114, 119, 121, 138, 139, 141
    • Fiji, 94
    • Financial crises, 191
    • Flanagan, Peter:
      • Agricultural coordination, 165
      • CIEP role on aid policy, 164
      • Foreign assistance, 171
      • International Energy Review Group, 170
      • International Food Review Group, 176
      • Oil Policy Committee, 162
      • Organization of international energy policy, 169
    • Flemming, Harry S., 103
    • Fletcher, James C., 163, 180
    • Flynn, Gerrish, 200
    • Fonda, Jane, 22, 171
    • Food aid, 137, 142
    • Food distribution, 112
    • Food exports, 165
    • Food policy, 166, 177, 191
    • Food security, 165
    • Ford, Betty, 213
    • Ford, Gerald R.:
      • Address to Joint Session of Congress (Aug. 1974), 199
      • Approaches for implementation of recommendations of Rockefeller Commission, 46, 47
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Assassination plots, 42, 52, 55, 70
      • Bush’s six-months progress report, 78
      • CIA domestic spying:
        • Assessment of extent of, 22
        • Blue Ribbon Panel on, 21, 23
        • Call for investigation into, 17
        • Colby’s report on Hersh’s article on, 19
        • Colby’s testimony before joint session of intelligence subcommittees on, 29
        • Congressional investigations into, 37
        • Helms talks on, 24
        • Presidential response to conflict over, proposals for, 18
      • Congressional access to documents, 38, 50
      • Congressional leaders as NSC members, 201
      • Congressional oversight of CIA, 26
      • Criteria for approving covert U.S. actions, 80
      • Defense intelligence reorganization, 75
      • Defense strategy reviews, 182
      • East-West Trade Policy Committee, 172
      • Economic policy organization, 175
      • Electoral defeat of, 210, 213
      • Executive Order 11905, 70, 78
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • Executive privilege, 35
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 210, 211, 220
      • Fulbright-Hays exchange program, 108
      • Functions and membership of NSC sub-groups, 205, 208
      • Human rights, 186
      • Intelligence community:
        • Leadership and management of, 14
        • Reorganization of:
          • Bush’s recommendations for, 63
          • CIA study group report on, 51
          • Executive summary for, 62
          • Letter from Colby on, 63
          • Meetings on, 64, 67, 68
          • Study for, 58
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49
      • “Intelligence for the Future” (PFIAB report), 82
      • International broadcast facilities, effectiveness of, 113
      • International Food Review Group, 176
      • IOB status report, 70
      • Joint Congressional Committee on Intelligence, proposal for, 26, 30
      • Kissinger discussions with, 64, 67, 68, 197
      • Kissinger’s contempt charges, 59
      • Leaks, 137
      • MAAG requirements, 189
      • Major recommendations in Murphy Commission report, 147
      • Meetings:
      • Messages/memoranda:
        • From Church, 38, 56, 57
        • From Colby, 16, 19, 51, 63
        • From Kissinger, Rockefeller and Schlesinger, 48
        • From Rockefeller, 41
        • On Rockefeller Commission report, 42
        • To Kissinger, Colby and Schlesinger, 49
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 140
      • Murphy Commission recommendations, 45, 47, 147
      • Naming of transition team by, 210
      • Narcotics control, 188
      • NSA secrecy as desired by, 32
      • Operations Advisory Group as created by, 205
      • Overseas Personnel Reduction Program (OPRED), 140
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 106, 110
      • Pike Committee subpoenas, 57
      • Policy Planning Staff studies, 142
      • Replacement of Nixon as President, 199
      • Resignation of Presidential appointees, 224
      • Rockefeller Commission report, 42
      • SALT II negotiations, 218
      • Schlesinger Report (1971), 47
      • Scowcroft’s perspectives on, 206
      • State of the Union speech (Jan., 1977), 83
      • Terrorism, 185
      • Treasury Secretary as NSC member, 202, 207
      • USIA, study proposing elimination of, 102
      • Visits:
        • China, Indonesia, Philippines (1975), 60
        • Japan, Korea (Nov. 1974), 142
    • Ford-Carter transition process:
      • Agency for International Development, 213, 217, 221
      • Appointment of liaisons for, 212, 214, 215, 217, 222
      • Briefing papers for, 218
      • Carter-Ford phone conversation, 211
      • Carter team request for issue papers, 221
      • China discussed in, 218, 219
      • CIA intelligence briefing recommendations, 211
      • Cyprus dispute, 218, 219
      • Eagleburger named as team leader, 212, 214, 215
      • Ford’s meeting with Carter, 220
      • Human rights discussions, 218
      • Instructions for beginning of, 214
      • Japan discussions, 218, 219
      • Kissinger’s meetings with Carter, 217, 218, 219
      • Lake as Carter’s State Department transition team head, 217
      • Lake’s meetings with Ford team, 217, 221
      • Latin America discussed by, 218
      • Mechanics of, 212
      • Middle East discussions, 218, 219
      • Naming of transition teams, 210
      • Narcotics briefings, 221
      • Office space for Carter team, 216
      • Organization and management of the State Department, 221, 223
      • Personnel structure of State Department, 223
      • Pre-election planning for, 213
      • Resignation of Presidential appointees, 224
      • SALT II discussion, 218, 219, 220
      • Western Europe discussion of, 218
      • Writing of factual papers for Carter team, 216
    • Ford Foundation, 95
    • Foreign Affairs Manual, 141
    • Foreign Affairs Specialists, 156, 223
    • Foreign assistance, 171
    • Foreign Assistance Act (1961), 26, 80, 168
    • Foreign Assistance Act (1974), 16, 27, 45, 80
    • Foreign Assistance Act (1975), 26
    • Foreign Assistance Inspectors, 156
    • Foreign Broadcasting Information Service, 40
    • Foreign economic policy, 147, 166, 175, 179, 191, 192
    • Foreign Intelligence Advisory Group, 68
    • Foreign Intelligence Committee, 67, 68, 70, 71
    • Foreign military sales (FMS), 181, 183
    • Foreign Military Sales Act (1976), 183
    • Foreign policy institutionalization, 117, 135, 138, 142, 146
    • Foreign Relations Authorization Act (1977), 111, 113, 158, 223
    • Foreign Service Act (1946), 144, 153, 154, 156, 158, 223
    • Foreign Service Information Officer Corps, 158
    • Foreign Service Officer Corps, 158, 223
    • Foreign service officers (FSOs):
    • Foreign Service Reporting System, 223
    • Foreign Service Reserve program, 152
    • Foreign Service Reserve Unlimited (FSRU), 156, 158
    • Fort Detrick, 43
    • 40 Committee:
      • Abolition of, 208
      • Approval of covert actions by, 35
      • Church Committee requests for documents from, 38
      • Kissinger’s role in, 197
      • Meetings, 30, 32
      • Membership of, 205
      • NSC role of, 198
      • OAG as successor to, 80, 208
      • Pike Committee subpoenas on records of, 57, 59
      • Reorganization of, 64, 67, 68
      • Unanimity in, 139
      • U.S. abandonment of Kurds at request of Iran, 54
      • U.S. expenditures on covert U.S. actions, 15
    • Fourth Amendment (U.S. Constitution), 74
    • France:
      • American Revolution Bicentennial, 86
      • Cultural and information programs of, 94
      • Elections in, 139
      • Facility-sharing with U.S. international broadcasters, 111
      • Nuclear material sales to Pakistan, 219
      • Office of Defense Cooperation in, 190
    • Franklin, Benjamin, 94
    • Fraser, Donald, 174
    • Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 78
    • Frei Montalva, Eduardo, 56
    • Friedersdorf, Max L., 106, 201, 209
    • Friendly, Henry J., 21, 23
    • Froehike, Bob, 18
    • Fulbright, J. William, 87, 92, 108, 150, 197
    • Fulbright Act (1946), 92
    • Fulbright-Hays Act (1961) (P.L. 87–256), 91, 92, 103
    • Fulbright-Hays exchange program, 92, 108
    • Fulbright Program, 92, 95, 97
    • Functional bureau heads meetings, 120
    • Functional specialization, 146
    • Fund for Drug Abuse Control, 168
    • Funseth, Robert L., 216
    • Habeas corpus, 83
    • Habib, Philip:
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Field reporting, 121
      • Ford-Carter transition process:
        • As liaison between Kissinger and Vance, 212, 222
        • Carter team request for issue papers, 221
        • Instructions for beginning of, 214
        • Kissinger’s meetings with Carter, 218
        • Lake’s initial meeting with Ford team, 217
        • Naming of Eagleburger as team leader, 215
        • Writing of factual papers for Carter team, 216
      • Foreign economic policy, 191
      • Korea, 138
      • Panama Canal Treaty negotiations, 218
      • Regional resource attach, program, 184
      • Staff meetings, 145
      • State-Treasury relations, 191, 192
    • Haig, Alexander M., Jr., 100, 117, 165, 172
    • Haldeman, H. R., 2, 117
    • Hall, William, 197
    • “Halloween Massacre,” 203
    • Handley, William J., 168, 173
    • Hanson, 16
    • Harrington, Michael J., 15, 34
    • Hart, John, 5, 194
    • Hart, Tom, 193
    • Hartman, Arthur A., 49, 107, 128, 137, 139, 184
    • Hauser, Rita E., 103
    • Hawk missiles, 181
    • Hays, Wayne, 54, 110, 156, 223
    • Hays Bill (H.R. 6277), 156, 158, 223
    • Hazen Foundation, 97
    • Health, Education, and Welfare, U.S. Department of, 95, 98, 175
    • Health policy, 167
    • Heath, Edward, 92
    • Hebert, F. Edward, 16
    • Heck, L. Douglas, 185
    • Helms, Richard M.:
      • Anderson surveillance, 22
      • As U.S. Ambassador to Iran, 2
      • Assassination plot against, 19, 20
      • CIA domestic spying, 17, 19, 20, 24
      • CIA files on U.S. citizens, 17
      • CIA surveillance of anti-war movement, 19, 20
      • “Family jewels,” 25
      • Grand jury investigation of, 83
      • ITT, 25
      • Management style of, 20
      • Meetings:
        • With Angleton, 25
        • With Colby, 25
        • With Ford, 24
        • With Rockefeller, 25
      • Nixon’s letters to, 14
      • Photo studio break-in, 83
      • Rockefeller Commission testimony of, 29
      • U.S. abandonment of Kurds at request of Iran, 54
      • Watergate testimony of, 24
    • Helsinki Treaty (1975), 107
    • Hersh, Seymour M.:
      • Angleton’s resignation, 18
      • CIA domestic spying, 19, 28
      • CIA involvement in Chile, 15, 83, 137
      • “Family Jewels,” 7, 17
      • IEC role, claims of, 22
      • Leaks in State Department, 137
      • Meetings with Colby, 17, 25, 39
      • Schlesinger’s shake-up of CIA, 2
      • Secrecy agreements and, 34
    • Herter, Christian A., 154
    • Herter Committee (1962), 154, 158
    • Hey, Robert P., 17
    • Heymann, 79
    • Hijackings of aircraft, 159
    • Hills, Roderick M., 44, 49
    • Hispanic-Americans, 152
    • Hitchcock, William K., 44, 91, 92, 98
    • Hoagland, Jim, 137
    • Hoffman, Art, 86
    • Hoffman, Martin R., 34
    • Holbrooke, Richard, 214, 216, 217
    • Holdridge, John H., 114
    • Holloway, Adm. James L., III, 83, 218
    • Holt, Pat M., 32
    • Honduras, 190
    • Hong Kong, 105
    • Honorable Men (Colby), 17
    • Hoover, Herbert C., 154
    • Hoover, J. Edgar, 34
    • Hoover Commission, 154, 158
    • Hormats, Robert, 162, 175, 178
    • Horn of Africa, 197
    • Hoskinson, Samuel M., 83
    • House, Arthur H., 209
    • House of Representatives, U.S.:
      • Appropriations Committee, 35, 78
      • Armed Services Committee, 15, 16, 22, 26, 207
      • Congressional leaders as NSC members, 201
      • Cooperation with Senate investigations, 35
      • Ethics Committee, 15
      • Foreign Affairs Committee, 16, 166
      • Government Operations Committee, 16, 26
      • Hays Bill (H.R. 6277), 156, 158
      • Human rights, 174
      • International Relations Committee, 223
      • Nezdi’s resignation as rejected by, 43
      • Select Committee on Intelligence, 33, 50, 54
    • Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Department of, 175
    • Houston, Laurence, 2
    • Howe, Jan, 209
    • H.R. 12006, 63
    • Huang Chen, 222
    • Huerta Díaz, Ismael, 137
    • Hughes, Harold, 26
    • Hughes, Roy, 155
    • Hughes Amendment, 45
    • Human intelligence (HUMINT), 1, 9
    • Human rights:
      • CSCE provisions on, 107
      • Exchange programs’ effect on, 112
      • Ford-Carter transition discussions of, 218
      • FSOs remarks to Chilean officials on, 137, 139
      • Leaks and concerns for, 136
      • State Department reorganization over, 174, 186
      • U.S. policy on, 142
    • Humanitarian affairs, 174
    • Hume, Britt, 20, 22
    • Hungary, 90
    • Hunt, Howard, 6, 15, 20, 21, 22, 39
    • Hunter, Marjorie, 6
    • Hussein bin Talal (king of Jordan), 98, 181, 219
    • Huston, Tom Charles, 19, 21
    • Huston Plan, 19, 20, 21, 31, 74
    • Hyde, James, 63, 202
    • Hyland, William G.:
      • Appointment as Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs, 61, 203
      • As head of Bureau of Intelligence and Research, 117
      • As one of Kissinger’s NSC “team,” 197
      • Church Committee report on assassinations of foreign leaders, 52, 55
      • CIA domestic spying, 32, 44
      • Committee on Foreign Intelligence meetings, 71
      • Executive Order 11905, 80
      • Field reporting, 138
      • Final report of Church Committee, 74
      • Ford-Carter transition process, Kissinger’s meetings with Carter, 218
      • 40 Committee meetings, 32
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 64
      • Kissinger’s appearance before Pike Committee, 54
      • NSC structure and procedures, 209
      • Pike Committee subpoenas, 57
      • Policy Planning Staff studies, 142
      • Rockefeller Commission report, 42
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 83
      • Terrorism, 185
    • ICS, 85
    • IDIS master subject index, 20
    • Ikle, Fred C., 163, 190, 208, 220
    • Inderfurth, Richard, 217
    • Indexation, 218
    • India:
      • CIA involvement in Chile, 137
      • Joint Cooperation Commissions, 98
      • Nuclear weapons in, 65, 139
      • Office of Defense Cooperation in, 190
      • United States, relations with, 128, 218
    • Indo-China, 164, 165, 171
    • Indonesia:
      • Church Committee investigation of U.S. actions in, 42, 44
      • Defense Field Office in, 190
      • Embassy staff reduction reviews, 150
      • United States, relations with, 105
      • U.S. economic aid to, 164, 165
    • Inflation, 94
    • Information, 94, 103, 180
    • Information and Cultural Affairs Agency (ICA) proposal, 103, 106
    • Ingersoll, Robert S.:
      • As Deputy Secretary of State, 117
      • Embassy staff reductions, 151
      • Field reporting, 121
      • Food policy organization, 177
      • Human rights, 174
      • Interdepartmental system in State Department, 117
      • International Food Review Group, 176
      • Joint Cooperation Commissions, 98
      • Kissinger’s appearance before Pike Committee, 54
      • Latin American cultural and exchange activities, 99
      • Leaks, 137, 138, 139
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 140
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 104, 106, 109, 110
      • Policy Planning Staff studies, 142
      • Professional service reform, 144
      • Space policy, 180
      • Staff meetings, 144
    • INR (Bureau of Intelligence and Research), 117, 166, 197
    • Inside the Company: CIA Diary (Agee), 15, 47
    • Institute for Policy Studies, 65
    • Institute of International Education, 92
    • Institutionalization of foreign policy, 117, 135, 138, 142, 146
    • Intelligence:
      • Failures of, 65
      • National means of gathering, 40
      • Protection of sources of, 47, 66, 68
      • Restrictions on gathering of, 70
      • Role and characteristics of, 47
      • Satellite-derived, 40, 83, 180
      • Standards for production of, 81
      • Strategic weapons, 82
    • Intelligence analysis, 45
    • Intelligence Committee (NSCIC). See under National Security Council
    • Intelligence community:
      • Agency charters and restrictions, 68
      • Congressional opponents’ attacks on, 48
      • Congressional oversight of, 16, 26, 63
      • Economics as a focus of, 69, 79
      • EPB meeting on, 79
      • Extension of Rockefeller Commission recommendations to all agencies of, 47
      • Leadership and management of, 14, 15
      • List of organizations comprising, 70
      • Memo on Presidential options for dealing with issues relating to, 48
      • Objectives for, 9
      • Ombudsman proposal for, 41
      • Oversight Board, 60, 68, 70, 74, 78
      • Policy makers’ relations with, 79, 81
      • Presidential oversight of, 47, 48, 68
      • Relationships between agencies within, 43
      • Reorganization of:
        • Bush’s recommendations for, 63
        • CIA study group report on, 51
        • Colby’s letter to Ford on, 63
        • DIA position, 40
        • Directive for, 11
        • Executive summary for, 62, 81
        • Issues to be faced in, 61
        • Meetings with Ford on, 64, 67, 68
        • Murphy Commission’s recommendations for, 45, 147
        • Nixon memo on (Nov., 1971), 14, 64, 70, 74
        • Nixon’s directive, 11
        • NSC meeting on, 51, 66
        • Study on, 58
      • Responsibilities and duties of, 70
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 77, 81, 83
      • Senior officials’ roles in, 70
      • State Department role in, 61
      • Terrorism, 185
    • Intelligence Community Staff, 40, 77, 81
    • Intelligence Coordinating Group (ICG), 49, 53
    • Intelligence Evaluation Committee, 20, 22
    • Intelligence Oversight Board (IOB), 60, 68, 70, 74, 78
    • Intelligence Policy Review Committee, 64
    • Intelligence Resources Advisory Committee (IRAC), 9, 40, 67, 68
    • Intelligence Resources Allocation Committee (IRAC), 64
    • Intelligence sources, 47, 66, 68
    • Inter-Agency Committee on P.L. 480, 175
    • Inter-agency coordination, 92, 191, 192
    • Interagency Regional Committees, 173
    • Interagency relationships, 223
    • Intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), 182
    • Interdepartmental Group for Political-Military Affairs, 190, 208
    • Interdepartmental Information Unit (IDIU), 21
    • Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee, 113
    • Interdepartmental system in State Department, 117
    • Interdependence, 97, 103
    • Interior, U.S. Department of, 169, 175
    • Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Abuses in, 74
    • International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), 166
    • International Commission on Control and Supervision (ICCS), 171
    • International Communications Agency, 147
    • International Council on the University Emergency, 95
    • International Development Association (IDA), 171
    • International economic policy, 147, 166, 175, 179, 191, 192
    • International Economic Policy Advisory Board (proposal), 179
    • International Energy Review Group (IERG), 170
    • International Exchange Council, 88, 89
    • International Food Review Group, 176
    • International Institute of Education, 97
    • International Monetary Fund (IMF), 166, 219
    • International monetary system, 166
    • International Narcotics Control Program (INCP), 168, 173
    • International Resource Bank (proposal), 191
    • International Security Assistance and Arms Control Export Act (1976), 186, 187, 189
    • International Telephone and Telegraph Company (ITT), 22, 25, 83
    • International Women’s Year, 112, 129
    • Ioannides, Brig. Gen. Dimitrios, 65
    • IOP (Office of Policy and Plans), 85
    • Iran, 54, 98, 190, 219
    • Iraq, 65
    • Irwin, John N., II, 117, 159, 171
    • Israel, 97, 98, 181, 218, 220
    • Italy, 65, 108, 139, 190, 191
    • “J” visas, 112
    • Jackson, Henry “Scoop,” 197, 218
    • Jackson, Robert, 50
    • Jamaica, 150, 219
    • Janka, Leslie, 106, 108, 110, 200, 202
    • Janney, Stuart S., 155
    • Japan:
      • American Revolution Bicentennial, 86
      • Defense Field Office in, 190
      • Embassy staff reduction reviews, 150
      • Nuclear non-proliferation, 139
      • OECD role of, 166
      • Press freedom in, 113
      • Transition discussion on, 218, 219
      • United States, relations with, 105
      • U.S. economic policy toward, 166
      • U.S. exchange programs in, 112
    • Jefferson, Thomas, 86, 103
    • Jews, American, 218
    • Jiang Jieshi, 105
    • Job analyses, 157
    • Johnson, Lyndon B.:
      • CIA access to, 15
      • CIA surveillance of anti-war movement, 19
      • Defense attach, system, 116
      • Katzenbach appointment, 44
      • NSC’s role under, 195
      • P.L. 90–494 as signed by, 158
      • State Department dysfunctionality, 139
      • Subpoena of records of, 59
      • Transition process to Nixon, 211, 214
    • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS):
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • Defense attach, system, 116
      • Defense intelligence reorganization, 75
      • DIA effectiveness, 15, 16
      • Jamming of U.S. radio broadcasts, 113
      • Kissinger’s dual role in NSC and State as seen by, 198
      • Moscow Summit (1974), 122
      • NSC sub-group membership for, 205
      • Security Assistance Program Review Committee, 181
      • Subcommittee on International Exchanges, 98, 112
      • White House spying operation of, 23
    • Joint Committee on National Security (proposal), 147
    • Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy, 16, 26
    • Joint Congressional Committee on Intelligence, 16, 26, 30, 32
    • Joint Cooperation Commissions, 98, 142
    • Joint Reconnaissance Center, 205
    • Joint Working Group on Education and Culture, 98
    • Joint Working Group on Manpower and Education, 98
    • Jones, Jerry H., 172, 176, 178, 200
    • Jordan, 164, 171, 181, 190, 220
    • Jordan, Amos A., 187
    • Junior Threshold, 144
    • Justice, U.S. Department of (DOJ):
      • CIA domestic spying, 17
      • CIA meeting with, 20, 29
      • FBI guidelines as prepared by, 47, 66
      • Legislative Interdepartmental Group role of, 196
      • NSA role of, 83
      • Oil Import Control program, 162
      • Terrorism, 185
      • Watergate, 20
    • Karamessines, Thomas H., 2, 19, 22
    • Kasten, Robert W., Jr., 54
    • Katz, Julius L., 151
    • Katzenbach, Nicholas deB., 44, 214, 216
    • Katzenbach Report (1967), 44
    • Kendall, Bill, 155
    • Kennan, George, 142
    • Kennedy, David M., 197
    • Kennedy, John F.:
      • Assassination of, 39, 42, 74
      • CIA intelligence briefings, 211
      • Intelligence community, Leadership and management of, 14
      • NSC’s role under, 195
      • State Department dysfunctionality, 139
      • Subpoena of records of, 59
      • U.S.-Indian relations, 218
    • Kennedy, Col. Richard T., 9, 91, 159, 171, 195, 198
    • Kennedy, Robert F., 23
    • Kenya, 112, 187
    • Keogh, James:
      • American Revolution Bicentennial, 85, 86
      • As NSC meeting participant, 193
      • East Asia assessments, 105
      • Equal opportunity programs, 129
      • Halt to Soviet jamming of VOA, 93
      • International broadcast facilities, effectiveness of, 111
      • International Exchange Council, 89
      • Nomination to head USIA, 96
      • Non-military incidents, 163
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 106, 110
      • Speech on value of USIA, 94
      • USIA, study proposing elimination of, 102
      • USIA reports to Congress on overseas operations, 96
      • USIA’s approach to presenting an image of the United States, 84
      • Visit to Europe, 90
      • VOA and U.S. policy, 100
    • KGB (Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopastnosty), 41
    • Kilpatrick, Carroll, 84
    • Kirkland, Joseph Lane, 23, 39
    • Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr., 17
    • Kissinger, Henry A.:
      • (not declassified), 72
      • Africa policy briefing for Brzezinski, 210
      • Appointment as Secretary of State of, 92, 117, 197
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Arms transfers, 183
      • As dominating foreign policy, 155
      • As WSAG chair, 117
      • Astronauts’ international tour, 96
      • Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (CU), 92
      • Bureau reorganization, 128
      • Church Committee report on assassinations of foreign leaders, 52
      • Church Committee’s final report, 74
      • CIA domestic spying:
        • Blue Ribbon Panel on, 21, 23
        • Call for investigation into, 17
        • Colby’s testimony before joint session of intelligence subcommittees on, 29
        • Congressional investigations into, 32, 34, 35
      • CIEP role on aid policy, 164
      • Colby as seen by, 23
      • Cone System, 126, 131, 146
      • Congressional appearances of, 117, 196, 197
      • Congressional oversight of CIA, 26
      • Consensus among State Department officials, 132, 136
      • Contempt citations against, 59
      • Covert U.S. actions, 16, 65
      • Criteria for approving covert U.S. actions, 80
      • CSCE provisions on humanitarian affairs, 107
      • Cultural affairs monthly report, 95
      • Cultural presentations program, 91
      • Defense attach, system, 116
      • Defense strategy reviews, 182
      • Dobrynin meetings with, 222
      • Dual role in NSC and State of, 197, 198
      • East-West Trade Policy Committee, 172
      • Economic policy organization, 175
      • Embassy staff reductions, 140, 150
      • Energy policy, 161, 169
      • Ethics in the Foreign Service, 141
      • Executive assistants, 117, 118
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • Executive privilege, 32
      • Field reporting, 141
      • Ford-Carter transition process:
        • Carter team request for issue papers, 221
        • Carter’s meetings with, 217, 218, 219
        • Ford-Carter meeting, 220
        • Instructions for beginning of, 214
        • Mechanics of, 212
        • Naming of Eagleburger as transition team leader, 215
        • Office space for Carter team, 216
        • Praise for Foreign Service, 225
        • Pre-election planning for, 213
      • Ford meetings with, 64, 67, 68, 197
      • 40 Committee meetings, 32
      • 40 Committee role of, 197
      • Fulbright-Hays exchange program, 108
      • Fulbright’s discussions with, 197
      • Halt to Soviet jamming of VOA, 93
      • Holbrooke as seen by, 216
      • Human intelligence report, 1
      • Human rights, 186
      • Institutionalization of foreign policy, 117, 135, 146
      • Intelligence community:
        • Leadership and management of, 14
        • Memo on Presidential options for dealing with issues of, 48
        • Reorganization of:
          • Executive summary for, 62
          • Issues to be faced in, 61
          • Meetings with Ford on, 64, 67, 68
        • Study for organization and management of, 58
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49
      • Interdepartmental system in State Department, 117
      • International broadcast facilities, effectiveness of, 111
      • International Energy Review Group, 170
      • International Exchange Council, 88, 89
      • International Food Review Group, 176
      • Joint Congressional Committee on Intelligence, proposal for, 30
      • Joint Cooperation Commissions, 98
      • Keogh’s trip to Europe, 90
      • Kurdish revolt, 65
      • Lake as seen by, 216
      • Latin American cultural and exchange activities, 99
      • Leaks, 136, 137, 138, 139
      • Legislative coordination on national security affairs, 196
      • MAAG requirements, 190
      • Major recommendations in Murphy Commission report, 147
      • MBFR role for, 197
      • Memoranda to Ford, 48
      • Message from Colby to Ford, 16
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 140, 150
      • Morale in the State Department, 122, 138, 141
      • Narcotics control, 168, 173, 188
      • National Energy Office organization, 161
      • National Intelligence Officers, 10
      • National net assessment, 3, 12
      • National Security Council (NSC):
        • As chair of subcommittees of, 117
        • As head of, 117, 118, 197, 198
        • EPB conflicts with, 178
        • Functions and membership of sub-groups of, 205, 208
        • Intelligence Committee (NSCIC) membership, 13
        • Meeting participants in, 193
        • National security decision-making role of, 195
        • NSCID No. 9, 22
        • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 77, 83
        • Staff philosophy in, 204
        • “Team” of, 197
        • Treasury Secretary as member of, 207
      • Non-military incidents, 159, 163
      • Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Bureau, 167
      • Organization of foreign economic policy, 166
      • Panama Canal Treaty negotiations, 218
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations, 106, 110
      • Personnel structure of State Department, 156
      • Pike Committee:
        • Appearance before, 54
        • Highlights of draft report of, 65
        • Subpoenas from, 57, 65, 137
      • Policy planning process, 130
      • Policy Planning Staff’s role, 142
      • Post cease-fire assignment of FSOs to Vietnam, 114
      • Presentations to State Department staff, 120, 139
      • Professional service reform, 143, 144
      • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 87
      • Replacement as Assistant for National Security Affairs, 203
      • Rhodesia and Namibia talks, 187
      • Rockefeller Commission report, 42, 46, 47
      • SALT II negotiations, 197, 218
      • Schlesinger Report (1971), 47
      • Schlesinger’s shake-up of CIA, 2
      • Scowcroft’s perspectives on, 206
      • Seventh floor organization, 125
      • Space policy, 180
      • Special Energy Committee, 161
      • Speeches:
        • Conference of Tlatelolco (Feb. 1974), 99
        • Drafting during election years of, 155
        • Foreign Policy Association (Jan. 1977), 225
        • Latin American UN delegates (Oct. 1974), 142
        • Pilgrims of Great Britain (Dec. 1973), 142
        • Swearing-in of 119th FSO class, 144, 146
        • Third Pacem in Terris Conference, 94
        • UNGA (1973), 93, 117, 165
        • UNGA (1974), 139
      • Staff meetings, 120, 138, 145
      • State Department black caucus, 124, 129
      • State Department-CIA relations, 78
      • Transnational communications, 97
      • Treasury representation in WSAG, 194
      • United States economic aid, 171
      • USIA, study proposing elimination of, 102
      • Visits:
        • Africa (Sept. 1976), 187
        • China (Feb. 1973), 91
        • Damascus (May 1974), 98
        • Mexico City (Feb. 1974), 122
        • Moscow (Mar. 1974), 122
        • Moscow (Jan. 1975), 65
        • Moscow (Jan. 1976), 218
        • New Delhi (Oct. 1974), 98
        • New York (Sept. 1974), 137
        • New York (June 1975), 145
        • Panama (Feb. 1974), 122
        • Tehran (Nov. 1974), 98
        • Tokyo (Oct. 1973), 121
        • Zavidovo (May 1973), 117
      • VOA and U.S. policy, 100
      • VOA coverage of U.S. evacuation of Saigon, 105
      • Watergate’s effect on career of, 117
      • Wiretaps, 65
      • Withholding of classified documents from House Select Committee, 50
      • Women’s Action Organization meeting, 129
    • Kleindienst, Richard, 163
    • Knebel, John Albert, 79
    • Knight, Ridgway B., 139
    • Knoche, E. Henry, 19, 39, 44, 71, 78
    • Kohl, Helmut, 220
    • Komer, Robert, 197
    • Kopp, Eugene P., 85, 86, 105
    • Korea, People’s Democratic Republic of, 43
    • Korea, Republic of, 105, 138, 190, 218, 219
    • Korean War, 218
    • Kornblum, John, 141
    • Korry, Edward M., 56, 139
    • Kraft, Joseph, 220
    • Krogh, Egil, 168
    • Krogh, Peter, 103, 146
    • Kubisch, Jack B., 137
    • Kurds, 54, 57, 65
    • Kuwait, 190
    • Labor, U.S. Department of, 98, 131, 163, 164, 175
    • Labor-management relations for federal employees, 144
    • Laird, Melvin, 117, 197
    • Laise, Carol:
      • Consensus among FSOs, 132
      • Embassy staff reductions, 151
      • Foreign service deficiencies, 141
      • Human rights, 186
      • Institutionalization of foreign policy, 146
      • Job analyses, 157
      • Personnel Bureau, 149
      • Personnel structure of State Department, 154, 156
      • Professional service reform, 143, 144
      • Regional resource attach, program, 184
      • Women employees, statistics on, 153
    • Lake, Anthony:
      • As head of Carter’s State Department liaison team, 217
      • CU programs, 112
      • Kissinger’s views on, 216
      • Meetings with Ford team, 217, 221
      • Organization and management of the State Department, 221, 223
      • Personnel structure for State Department, 158
      • Request for information by, 221
    • Land, Edwin H., 15
    • Laos, 42, 44, 105, 150
    • Lardner, George W., Jr., 33, 43, 65
    • Lateral Entry Oral Examination, 152
    • Latimer, Thomas, 44, 55
    • Latin America:
      • American Revolution Bicentennial, 86
      • Cultural and exchange initiatives in, 92, 99
      • Ford-Carter transition discussions of, 218
      • Linowitz Commission report, 112
      • MAAGs in, 189
      • Spanish-language broadcasts by VOA to, 113
      • United States, relations with, 219
      • U.S. strategy for, 142
    • Laux, 79
    • Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, 70
    • Law of the Sea, 167, 169, 214, 218, 223
    • Law of the Sea Conference, 223
    • Law of the Sea Office, 167
    • Law of the Sea Task Force, 169
    • Leaks:
      • From the Verification Panel, 218
      • From USAID, 139
      • In the State Department, 136, 137, 138, 139
      • Of classified material, 83
      • Of “Family Jewels,” 17
      • On CIA role in Watergate, 7
    • Lebanon, 219
    • Lee, Rex E., 50, 80
    • Legislative Interdepartmental Group (LIG), 196
    • Lehman, John F., Jr., 22, 197
    • Lehman, Richard, 71
    • Leigh, Monroe, 54, 154, 187
    • Lemnitzer, Lyman L., 21, 23, 39
    • Less-developed countries (LDCs), 165, 166, 218
    • Levenson, Seymour, 174
    • Lever mission, 219
    • Levi, Edward H.:
      • Approaches for implementation of recommendations of Rockefeller Commission, 46
      • Church Committee hearings on Chile, 56
      • Colby’s investigation of retired employees, 25
      • Criteria for approving covert U.S. actions, 80
      • DOJ preparation of guidelines for surveillance, 66
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • Functions and membership of NSC sub-groups, 208
      • Helms prosecution for break-in as declined by, 83
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 62, 64, 68
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49
      • NSCID No. 9, 22
      • Study for organization and management of intelligence community, 58
      • Terrorism, 185
      • Withholding of classified documents from House Select Committee, 50
    • Levine, Robert, 86
    • Levitsky, Melvyn, 107
    • Lewis, Hobart, 102, 103
    • Lewis, Samuel W., 130, 134, 136, 138, 142
    • Lewis, William H., 186
    • Liberia, 190
    • Libya, 128
    • Liddy, G. Gordon, 6
    • Lincoln, Abraham, 83, 94
    • Linowitz Commission, 112
    • Lippmann, Walter, 94
    • Lockheed Corporation, 218
    • Loomis, Henry, 100
    • López Michelsen, Alfonso, 219
    • Lopez Portillo, José, 218, 219
    • Lord, Winston:
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Consensus among FSOs, 132
      • Embassy staff reductions, 151
      • Field reporting, 119
      • Food policy organization, 177
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 214, 218
      • Institutionalization of foreign policy, 135, 138
      • Leaks, 136, 138
      • Major recommendations in Murphy Commission report, 147
      • Named as Policy Planning Staff director, 117
      • Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Bureau, 167
      • Organization of foreign economic policy, 166
      • Organization of international energy policy, 169
      • Panama Canal Treaty negotiations, 218
      • Planning and Coordination Staff, 197
      • Policy planning process, 130
      • Policy Planning Staff’s role, 142
      • Staff meetings, 145
      • State-AID relationship in geographic bureaus, 123
    • Love, John A., 161, 169, 191
    • Lowenstein, James G., 139, 197
    • Lumumba, Patrice, 20, 52
    • Lynn, James T.:
      • Criteria for approving covert U.S. actions, 80
      • EPB meeting on intelligence, 79
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • Functions and membership of NSC sub-groups, 208
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 51, 62, 64, 81
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49, 53
      • International broadcast facilities, effectiveness of, 111
      • Rockefeller Commission report, 46, 47, 48
      • Space policy, 180
      • Study for organization and management of intelligence community, 58
      • Treasury Secretary as NSC member, 207
    • Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), 7, 42, 43
    • McCarthy, Joseph R., 23, 34, 102
    • McCarthyism, 139
    • McClory, Robert, 33
    • McCloskey, Robert J., 54, 100, 125, 139
    • McCloy, John J., 21
    • McCone, John A., 15, 17, 20, 63
    • McCord, James, 6, 20, 22
    • McElhiney, Thomas, 117
    • McFadden, 217
    • McFarlane, Robert C.:
      • Church Committee final report, 74
      • Congressional investigations into CIA domestic spying, 44
      • Murphy Commission recommendations, 45
      • NSC structure and procedures, 209
      • Rockefeller Commission report, 42
      • United States economic aid, 171
    • McGovern, George S., 211
    • McHenry, Donald, 217
    • McManaway, Clayton E., 156, 217
    • Macomber, William B., Jr., 115, 197
    • Maghreb, 128
    • Mahon, George H., 35
    • Mahoney, David J., 85, 86
    • Mail screening, 20, 22, 36, 66, 70, 74
    • Maines, William, 217
    • Makarios III, Archbishop, 137, 219
    • Malaysia, 105
    • Management by Objective (MSO) system, 39, 132
    • Management by objectives (MBO), 39, 132
    • Management excellence, 115
    • Management Reform Bulletin No. 8, 154, 156
    • Management Reform Bulletin No. 24, 115
    • Management Reform Program, 152
    • Management Reform Task Force, 115
    • Manley, Michael N., 219
    • Mansfield, Mike, 16, 45, 147, 197, 207
    • Marchetti, Victor L., Jr., 17, 20, 22, 32, 47
    • Marcos, Ferdinand E., 105
    • Marcy, Mildred, 85, 86, 129
    • Mardian, Robert, 19
    • Marks, John, 32
    • Marks, Leonard H., 85, 103
    • Marsh, John O., Jr.:
      • Church Committee, 38, 55, 56
      • CIA domestic spying:
        • Assessment of extent of, 22
        • Blue Ribbon Panel on, 21, 23
        • Congressional investigations into, 35, 37, 38, 44
        • Executive Order proposed against, 47
        • Helms-Ford talks on, 24
        • Presidential response to conflict over, proposals for, 18
      • Defense intelligence reorganization, 75
      • Executive Order 11905, 80
      • Executive Order proposal for restructuring and revising of PFIAB, 60
      • Ford-Carter transition process, Marsh as team leader, 210
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 51, 63, 64, 67, 68
      • Intelligence Coordinating Group, 49, 53
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations, 106
      • Pike Committee subpoenas, 57
      • Senior Review Group, 205
      • Terrorism, 185
    • Marshall, 44
    • Marshall, Andrew W., 8, 9, 10
    • Marshall, George C., Jr., 144, 218
    • Martin, Ed, 177
    • Martin, Graham, 197
    • Matheny, John K., 74
    • Mathias, Charles M., Jr., 74
    • Mauritius, 112
    • Maw, Carlisle E., 142, 150, 181, 183, 187
    • Maynes, Charles William, 221
    • Mays, Glynn R., 150
    • Media:
      • CIA surveillance of journalists, 7, 19
      • East-West exchange of journalists, 107
      • Freedom of press, 112, 113
      • Government information function vs., 94
      • NSC relations with, 209
    • Merit Promotion and Placement Program, 156
    • Mexico, 15, 112, 167, 168, 218, 219
    • Meyer, Gen. John C., 15
    • Meyer, Lawrence, 83
    • MHCHAOS project, 39, 42
    • MI–6, 37
    • Michel, James H., 186
    • Michener, James A., 103
    • Mid-East War (1973), 44, 50, 65, 139
    • Middle East:
      • Ford-Carter transition discussions of, 218, 219
      • Geneva Conference on, 219
      • October War (1973), 44, 50, 65, 139
      • Significance of, 103
      • U.S. exchange programs in, 98, 108
      • USIA portrayal of issues of, 96
    • Military aid, U.S., 117
    • Military Assistance Advisory Groups (MAAG), 189, 190
    • Military Assistance Program (MAP), 164, 171, 181
    • Military Assistance Service Fund, 171
    • Military Audit Project, 83
    • Military intelligence, 9
    • Military research and development, 9
    • Miller, William G., 34, 35, 74
    • Mindszenty, Cardinal József, 43
    • Minnick, Walter, 168
    • Minority recruitment, 144, 152, 223
    • Minority rights, 112
    • Minuteman missiles, 82
    • Missiles, 82, 181, 182, 218, 219
    • Missing in action (MIA), 186, 219
    • Mitchell, James H., 183
    • Mitchell, John N., 20, 65
    • Mobutu Sese Seko, 65
    • Moceri, James, 90, 113
    • Mondale, Walter, 53, 74, 211, 218, 219
    • Monetary policy, 191
    • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE) program, 127, 140, 150, 151, 223
    • Moon, Richard B., 157
    • Moore, Edwin Gibbon, 83
    • Moorer, Adm. Thomas H., 8, 12, 13, 23, 63, 116
    • Moose, Richard M., 197, 217, 221
    • Morale in State Department, 122, 138, 139, 141
    • Morell, William N., Jr., 69, 80
    • Morgan, Ed, 168
    • Morgan, Thomas E., 16, 32
    • Morocco, 128, 190
    • Morris, Robert J., 177
    • Morton, Rogers C. B., 155, 163, 170
    • Moscow Summit (1974), 122
    • Mosher, Charles A., 66
    • Moss, John E., 83
    • Moxhay, Diana J., 107
    • Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, 137
    • Munitions Control, 181
    • Murphy, Adm. Daniel, 78
    • Murphy, Frank, 21
    • Murphy, Robert D., 70, 106, 147
    • Murphy Commission:
      • Arms transfers, 181
      • Functional specialization, 146
      • Labor-management relations for federal employees, 144
      • Report of:
      • State-AID relationship in geographic bureaus, 123
      • Treasury Secretary as NSC member, 202
    • Murrow, Edward R., 94
    • Muskie, Edmund S., 16, 22, 220
    • Mutual and Balance Force Reductions (MBFR), 125, 197, 198, 218
    • Mutual Education and Cultural Exchange Act (1961) (P.L. 87–256), 91, 92, 112
    • Namibia, 187, 218
    • Narcotics:
      • CIA aid in fight against, 43, 70, 168
      • Covert actions against, 80
      • Ford-Carter transition process briefings on, 221
      • Institutionalization of international control of, 160
      • Intelligence needs around, 9
      • Management of international program on, 173
      • Nixon’s speech to Congress on (June 1971), 160
      • Programs for education on, 112
      • State Department’s performance in control of, 168, 188
    • Narcotics Control Action Plans, 160, 168
    • Narcotics diplomacy, 168
    • National Advisory Council on Monetary and Fiscal Policies, 175
    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 180
    • National Association for Foreign Student Affairs, 92
    • National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects for Biomedical and Behavioral Research, 70
    • National Commission on Regulatory Reform (proposed), 175
    • National Commission on Supplies and Shortages, 175
    • National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, 95
    • National Defense Education Act, 95
    • National Endowment for the Arts, 98
    • National Endowment for the Humanities, 95, 98
    • National Energy Office, 161
    • National Foreign Intelligence Program, 70, 82, 83
    • National Intelligence Board, 64
    • National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs), 44, 56, 82, 83
    • National Intelligence Officers (NIOs), 10, 11, 45, 73, 81
    • National intelligence production, 73, 81
    • National Intelligence Program Budget, 9
    • National Liberation Front (NLF), 25
    • National means of intelligence gathering, 40
    • National Military Command Center, 159
    • National net assessment, 3, 8, 12
    • National Photographic Interpretation Center (NPIC), 40
    • National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), 180, 205
    • National Reconnaissance Program, 51, 62, 68
    • National Science Foundation (NSF), 98, 169
    • National Security Act (1947):
      • As CIA’s legislative charter, 6, 70
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • CIA activities as restricted by, 16, 19
      • H.R. 7600 as amendment to, 201
      • Revision of, 46, 47, 51, 63
    • National Security Agency (NSA):
      • As part of intelligence community, 70
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • Congressional investigations of, 34
      • Criticism of Justice Department’s role in, 83
      • Executive privilege invoked over actions of, 32
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 213
      • Ford’s desire for secrecy around, 32
      • Fourth Amendment rights and, 74
      • Guidelines for electronic surveillance by, 66
      • Integrated approach to surveillance of anti-war movement, 19
    • National Security Council (NSC):
      • ACDA Director as member of (proposal), 202
      • Actions recommended for, 81
      • Agricultural coordination, 165
      • Arms transfers, 181
      • Changing role under different administrations of, 195
      • Church Committee final report recommendations, 74
      • Church Committee requests for documents from, 38
      • CIA relations with, 78
      • Classified information as used by, 204
      • Congressional leaders as members of, 201
      • Curtailing of U.S. broadcasting, study by, 113
      • Economic policy organization, 175
      • EPB conflict with, 178
      • Establishment of, 70
      • Ford-Carter transition process, 210, 213, 219, 220
      • Foreign Intelligence Advisory Group, 68
      • 40 Committee role in, 198
      • Functions and membership of sub-groups of, 205, 208
      • Importance of, 218
      • Intelligence Committee (NSCIC):
        • Abolition of, 67, 208
        • Establishment of, 13
        • Expansion of, 47
        • Inactivity of, 39
        • Membership of, 13, 195, 205
        • Objectives for intelligence community, 9
        • Performance of, 65, 209
        • Replacement of, 68
        • Responsibilities of, 48
        • Strengthening of, 64, 67
        • Subpoena of working group minutes, 57
        • Under NSC restructuring, 198
      • Intelligence community reorganization, 51, 66
      • Intelligence Directives (NSCIDs):
        • Church Committee requests for, 35, 38
        • Colby’s recommendations for use in intelligence community reorganization, 63
        • NSCID No. 5, 19, 41
        • NSCID No. 9, 22, 39
        • Revisions of, 70, 71
      • Interdepartmental Groups, 205, 208
      • International Exchange Council, 88
      • Kissinger as head of, 117, 197
      • Legislative coordination on national security affairs, 196
      • Legislative Interdepartmental Group role of, 196
      • Media relations with, 209
      • Meetings of, 66, 81, 83, 193
      • Murphy Commission’s recommendations for, 45, 147
      • Narcotics control, 160
      • National Energy Office organization, 161
      • National security decision-making role of, 195, 209
      • Organization of foreign economic policy, 166
      • Organization of international energy policy, 169
      • Oversight role of, 47
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 106
      • Responsibilities of, 70
      • Restructuring of, 198
      • Scowcroft’s role in, 197
      • Security Assistance Program Review Committee, 181
      • Semi-annual intelligence reviews, 77, 83
      • Staff organization, 203
      • Staff philosophy, 204
      • Staff reductions at, 200
      • Structure and procedures of, 195, 209
      • Subcommittee on International Exchanges, 98, 99
      • Terrorism, 185
      • Treasury Secretary as member of, 202, 207
      • Under Secretaries Committee (USC), 88, 92, 195, 198
      • USIA as seen by, 106
      • Wiretapping of staff member of, 65, 117
      • WSAG role in, 195, 198
    • National Security Decision Memoranda:
    • National Security Review Committee, 147
    • National Security Study Memoranda:
    • National War College, 139, 141
    • Native Americans, 152
    • Navy, U.S., 83
    • NEA division proposal, 128
    • Nedzi, Lucien N., 17, 21, 22, 33, 35, 43
    • Nehru, Jawaharlal, 218
    • Nelson, Gaylord A., 217
    • Nelson, Lyle, 95
    • Nessen, Ron, 210
    • Net Assessment Standing Committee, 8
    • Netherlands, 190
    • Neustadt, Richard E., 21
    • New Statesman, 137
    • New York Times, 6, 137
    • New Zealand, 105, 113
    • Ngo Dinh Diem, 52
    • Nicaragua, 190
    • Nigeria, 112
    • Nitze, Paul H., 41, 63
    • Nixon, Richard M.:
      • American Revolution Bicentennial, 85
      • Astronauts’ international tour, 96
      • CIA as misused by administration of, 42
      • Cyprus, 219
      • East-West Trade Policy Committee, 172
      • Energy policy, 161
      • Human intelligence report, 1
      • Integrated approach to surveillance of anti-war movement, 19
      • Intelligence community reorganization directive of, 11
      • Intelligence organization memo (Nov., 1971), 14, 64, 70, 74
      • International Exchange Council, 88, 89
      • Joint Cooperation Commissions, 98
      • Keogh’s nomination to head USIA, 96
      • Keogh’s trip to Europe, 90
      • Kissinger’s appointment as Secretary of State, 92, 117, 197
      • Management excellence, 115
      • Message to Helms, 14
      • Middle East War (1973), 65
      • Narcotics control, 160
      • National net assessment, 3, 8, 12
      • Non-military incidents, 159, 163
      • NSC meeting participants, 193
      • NSC’s national security decision-making role, 195
      • Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Bureau, 167
      • Oil Import Control program, 162
      • Organization of foreign economic policy, 166
      • Overseas Personnel Reduction Program (OPRED), 127, 140
      • Post cease-fire assignment of FSOs to Vietnam, 114
      • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 87
      • Resignation of, 199
      • Schlesinger’s shake-up of CIA, 2
      • Scowcroft’s perspectives on, 206
      • Second inauguration of, 117
      • Soviet-U.S. Agreement on Exchanges and Cooperation, 91
      • Special Energy Committee, 161
      • Speech on narcotics to Congress (June 1971), 160
      • Speech to President’s Conference on Export Expansion, 94
      • Subpoena of records of, 59
      • Terrorism, 185
      • Transition process with Lyndon Johnson, 211, 214
      • USIA’s approach to presenting an image of the United States, 84
      • Watergate, 117, 177, 199
    • Nixon Doctrine, 171
    • Non-military incidents, 159, 163
    • Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, 139, 142, 218, 219
    • Norland, Donald R., 207
    • Norlem, Shirley, 133
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 142, 197
    • North-South dialogue, 191
    • Norway, 190
    • Novak, Robert, 74
    • Nuclear acquisition policy, 182
    • Nuclear forces, 182
    • Nuclear proliferation, 82, 139, 218, 219
    • Nuclear testing, 65, 219
    • Nuclear weapons, 65, 139
    • Nunn Amendment, 182
    • Nye, Joseph, 217
    • OAG, 80, 208
    • Oakley, Robert B., 181
    • Ober, Richard, 17, 20, 22, 39
    • Oceans, 167
    • O’Connor, 44
    • October War (1973), 44, 50, 65, 139
    • Odeen, Philip A., 116, 161, 162, 197
    • Odine, 217
    • OER, 79
    • Off, Robert B., 155
    • Office administration, 133
    • Office of Defense Cooperation, 190
    • Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement, 168
    • Office of Emergency Preparedness (OEP), 38, 162
    • Office of Federal Drug Management, 173
    • Office of Humanitarian Affairs (proposed), 174
    • Office of International Scientific and Technical Affairs, 167
    • Office of Management and Budget (OMB):
      • Agricultural coordination, 165
      • American Revolution Bicentennial, 86
      • Arms Export Control Board (proposal), 187
      • Cone System, 131
      • Defense attach, system, 116
      • Defense policy issues, 147
      • Economic policy organization, 175
      • Federal Drug Management Division, 168
      • Foreign assistance, 171
      • Fulbright-Hays exchange program budget cuts, 108
      • Intelligence oversight role of, 47
      • Interagency relationships, 223
      • Jamming of U.S. radio broadcasts, 113
      • Kissinger’s dual role in NSC and State, 198
      • MAAG requirements, 189
      • Management by Objectives system, 132
      • Management of State Department resources, 134
      • Monitoring Overseas Direct Employment (MODE), 140
      • Narcotics control, 160
      • Oil Policy Committee, 162
      • Organization of foreign economic policy, 166
      • Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations report, 110
      • Security Assistance Program Review Committee, 181
      • Space policy, 180
      • Subcommittee on International Exchange, 98
      • Treasury Secretary as NSC member, 207
    • Office of National Estimates, 10, 11
    • Office of Personnel, 149
    • Office of Policy and Plans (IOP), 85
    • Office of Private Cooperation, 88
    • Office of Refugee and Migration Affairs (ORM), 174
    • Office of the Reports Coordinator, 223
    • Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary for Environmental Affairs, 167
    • Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary for Fisheries and Wildlife, 167
    • Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary for Narcotics Matters (S/NM), 160
    • Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary for Population Matters, 167
    • Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary for Refugee and Migration Affairs, 174
    • Office of the Special Trade Representative, 166, 175
    • Offices of Defense Cooperation, 189
    • Official Development Assistance (ODA), 221
    • Ogilvie, Donald G., 62, 64, 67, 80
    • Oglesby, Donna, 129
    • Oil Import Control program, 162
    • Oil Policy Committee, 162
    • Oil production, 218, 219, 220
    • Olmsted, Mary S., 129
    • Ombudsman, 41
    • O’Neill, Thomas P. “Tip”, Jr., 158
    • Open Forum Panel, 135, 136, 137
    • Operations Advisory Group, 70, 74, 80, 205, 208
    • Operations Center (Department of State), 159, 163
    • Operations Group, 166
    • Opium, 168
    • Opper, Clifford, 22