[Page 1169]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Aaron, David L.:
      • AID study on foreign economic assistance, 197
      • As human rights PRM review chair, 45
      • Assessment of accomplishments in human rights, 102
      • Human rights vs. other policy interests, 100
      • Interagency Group on Human Rights and Foreign Assistance, 41
      • NSC and human rights policy, 203
      • OPIC, 153
      • PRM drafts, 69
      • PRM on UN human rights intstruments, 165
      • Soviet bloc role in rights-violating countries, 191
      • Special Coordinating Committee Working Group on human rights, 32
      • Targeting aid to respectors of human rights, 95
      • World Food Council meetings, 214
      • World Hunger Working Group, 227
    • Abortion, 62, 118, 287, 349
    • Abourezk, James, 62
    • Abu Dhabi, 336
    • ACTION, 306, 314
    • Action memoranda (see also Human rights):
      • Carter’s UNGA address, 291
      • Disaster relief, 290
      • Human rights:
        • Assessment of policy on, 105
        • CCC and, 78
        • Congressional amendments on, 33
        • Human Rights Coordinating Group, 14, 15
        • In the IFIs, 40, 55, 71, 179
        • Institute for Human Rights and Freedom (Mar. 1978), 126, 130, 133, 134
        • Iranian UNGA Resolution on, 94
        • Presidential talks on, 77
        • Reports on, 84, 108, 147
        • Vance meeting with Congressional human rights leaders (proposal), 13
      • P.L. 480, 86, 88, 169
    • Ad Hoc Committee on Torture, 73, 87
    • Ad Hoc Executive Office Working Group on World Hunger (see also World Hunger Working Group), 219, 227, 242
    • Ad Hoc Interagency Group on Human Rights, 73
    • Ad Hoc Working Group on the Status of Women, 325
    • Adams, Alvin, 260
    • Affirmative reaction, 29
    • Affluence, 209
    • Afghanistan:
      • Action plans for, 183
      • AID-supported conferences in, 58
      • Alma Ata Conference of Primary Health Care, 317
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • As scheduled for P.L. 480 aid in FY 1978, 90
      • Human rights reports for, 167, 203
      • Human rights situation in, 172
      • Refugees from, 264
      • Soviet invasion of, 203, 264, 265
      • U.S. démarches on loans to, 71
      • U.S. food aid to, 274
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 196
      • U.S. opposition to IFI loans to, 202
    • Africa:
      • Chinese People’s Republic role in rights-violating countries in, 192
      • Development assistance to, 328
      • Famine in, 274, 275, 276
      • Food aid to, 259, 276
      • Grain consumption in, 218
      • Health as issue in, 295
      • Human rights commission for, 125
      • Human rights vs. other policy interests in, 105
      • Legal services in, 58, 140, 205
      • P.L. 480 aid to, 259, 276
      • Soviet bloc role in rights-violating countries in, 191, 192
      • Tsetse fly as obstacle to cultivation in, 245
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 25, 42, 196
      • USIS programming in, 60
    • African Development Bank (AFDB), 345
    • African Development Fund (ADF), 1, 20, 29, 73, 179
    • African Human Rights Commission, 54
    • African Regional Health Strategy Group, 315
    • Age discrimination, 28
    • Agency for International Development (AID):
      • African famine aid, 276
      • Agricultural development, 236, 277
      • Assessment of human rights conditions abroad, 147
      • Badillo Amendment, 33
      • Budget for, 87, 124, 140, 145, 263, 266, 338
      • Bureau of Technical Assistance, 288
      • Chile’s cancellation of U.S. aid programs, 105
      • Clean water supply assistance, 296, 330
      • Conferences supported by, 58
      • Creation of, 81, 263
      • Decade for Drinking Water and Sanitation, 316, 319, 332
      • Deferral of projects by, 132
      • Diplomacy as defined by, 303
      • Disaster relief, 75
      • Family planning, 307, 308
      • Film and Television Service (IMV), 60
      • Funding pressures on, 314
      • Global 2000 Study and Report, 337, 348
      • Human Rights Coordinating Group, 60
      • IAHRC cooperation with, 58
      • Increasing efficiency in, 328
      • Interagency coordination on human rights, 29
      • Interagency Group on Human Rights and Foreign Assistance, 29, 31, 41, 58, 183
      • International health initiatives, 311
      • International health policy review, 304, 305, 306
      • Judicial cadre training program in Rwanda, 141
      • Lack of human rights-focused projects in, 141
      • Membership in DCC of, 315
      • New Initiatives in Human Rights program, 29, 53, 58
      • Office for Private Humanitarian Assistance, 306
      • OMB budget cuts for, 171
      • P.L. 480, 86, 90, 169
      • Population policy, U.S., 284, 287, 297, 307
      • Press and Publications Service (IPS), 60
      • Primary health care as a focus of, 349
      • Programs administered by, 207
      • Reorganization of, 240
      • Role in PRMs of, 58
      • Science and technology transfer, 253
      • Scientific research in, 245
      • Status of women and children, 323, 325, 336
      • Study on foreign economic assistance by, 197, 219, 223
      • Study Group for International Food Corps, 247
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 283, 285
      • UN Water Conference, 278
      • “Use of Economic and Food Assistance to Improve Human Rights Conditions,”; 58
      • U.S.-Soviet health cooperation in LDCs, 286
      • Women’s rights program of, 53, 58
      • World hunger as focus of, 273
      • World hunger initiatives, 219
      • World Hunger Working Group, 230
      • Worldwide Population Officers Conference, 307
    • Agriculture (see also Food; International Fund for Agriculture Development)
      • AID funding of development in, 236, 277
      • Cultivation of fertile new land, 245
      • Directions for policy on, 298
      • Executive branch organization for, 305
      • Expanding food production, 328
      • Grain production, 207, 218
      • In LDCs, 245, 262
      • In semi-arid areas, 253
      • Land conservation for, 347
      • Multilateral aid for development in, 250
      • P.L. 480 as help to, 23, 58
      • Population growth and, 280
      • Reduction of energy components in, 236
      • Research in, 245
      • Science and technology transfer, 223, 234, 236, 253
      • Soil degradation from, 337
      • Wheat set-asides, 225, 245
    • Agriculture, U.S. Department of:
      • African famine aid, 276
      • Domestic food assistance, 263
      • Food Policy Group, 315
      • Food policy role of, 223, 229
      • Foreign food assistance study by, 216
      • Global 2000 Study, 337
      • Interagency Working Group on Food and Agriculture Policy, Establishment of, 224
      • Intermediate credit program of, 223
      • International Food and Agriculture Assessment, 223, 227
      • International health policy review, 305
      • Membership in DCC of, 315
      • PCWH as seen by, 254
      • P.L. 480:
        • Budgeting for, 259
        • Extension legislation, 210, 225
        • Reporting requirements, 86, 88, 90, 92
        • Special Task Force on the Operation of, 254
        • Title I programs, 75
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343, 346
      • Promotion of U.S. food exports, 223
      • Scientific research in, 245
      • Study Group for International Food Corps, 247
      • World Food Program, 235
      • World Hunger Working Group, 230
    • AIDSAT Satellite Program, 278
    • Air pollution, 337
    • Airplane hijackers, 73
    • Albert, Eddy, 249
    • Albright, Madeleine, 161, 167, 170, 177, 203, 204
    • Aldrich, George H., 28
    • Algeria, 59, 60, 63, 184, 317
    • Allara, Gualter O., 158
    • Allen, James B., 92
    • Allende, Salvador, 105, 158
    • Alliance for Progress, 253
    • Allis-Chalmers, 158
    • Alma Ata Conference of Primary Health Care, 317, 328, 333, 349
    • Alma Ata Declaration, 317
    • American Association for the Advancement of Science, 187
    • American Association of Publishers, 187
    • American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), 60
    • American Convention on Human Rights, 122
    • American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service, 113
    • American Foreign Service Association (AFSA), 101
    • American Indians, 125, 184
    • American Jewish Committee, 187
    • American Society for International Law, 58
    • Amin, Idi, 42, 155, 188, 191
    • Amnesty International:
    • Andean Pact, 205
    • Anderson, David, 157, 248
    • Anderson, Edwin M., 7
    • Andes Mountains, 234, 236
    • Andrew, Robert, 299, 313
    • Andrews, Wallace, 289
    • Andrus, Cecil D., 343
    • Angarola, Robert, 335
    • Angola, 104, 145
    • Antarctica, 290
    • Anti-Apartheid conference (Lagos, 1977), 63
    • Antonson, Kika Mogaard, 334
    • Apartheid, 63, 155, 310, 342
    • Appropriate technology, 290
    • Aquino, Benigno, 100, 104
    • Arab states:
      • Commission on the Status of Women, 310
      • Palestine issue, 25, 73
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 42
    • Aragon, Joe, 170
    • Area Handbooks, 307
    • Arellano, Richard G., 108
    • Argentina:
      • Action plans for, 183
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 95
      • Delay in votes on loans to, 53, 54, 139
      • Disappeared persons, 184
      • Export-Import Bank credits, 105
      • Food assistance from, 245
      • Food production trends in, 312
      • Human rights improvements in, 66, 87
      • Human rights reports for, 17, 75, 203
      • Human rights violations in, 104
      • IBRD railway loans to, 179
      • IDB loans, 105
      • Political prisoners in, 66
      • Refugees from, 6
      • Torture in, 104
      • UN resolutions on, 162
      • UNCHR investigations of, 181
      • United States, relations with, 200
      • U.S. human rights actions in, 87
      • U.S. human rights policy, 206
      • U.S. military aid to:
      • U.S. policy for UN discussions on, 155
      • U.S. votes on IFI loans to:
      • USIS speakers requested in, 60
    • Argentine Physics Society, 96
    • Armacost, Michael H.:
      • Human rights, 72, 100, 110
      • Human Rights Foundation, 80
      • Human rights PD drafts, 76
      • Human rights policy implementation for IFIs, 100
      • Human rights PRM, 69
      • P.L. 480, 88, 93, 100
    • Armed conflict, 310
    • Armenia, 104
    • Armenian genocide, 182, 184
    • Armenian National Committee, 182
    • Armenian Rights Council, 182
    • Arms control, 20, 54
    • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), 81, 114
    • Arms expenditures, 248
    • Arms Export Control Board (see also Security assistance), 49, 53, 65, 73, 87, 105, 144, 194, 195
    • Arms transfers, 26, 53, 54, 87, 206
    • Armstrong, Scott, 105
    • Arsenic, 290
    • Arthur, Lawrence L., 194
    • Asad, Hafez al-, 24, 284
    • Asia:
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 25, 42
      • U.S. security assistance to, 62
    • Asia Foundation, 58
    • Asian Development Bank, 139, 145, 345
    • Asian Development Fund, 20
    • Assistant to the President for Public Liaison, Office of, 219
    • Asylum, 6, 29, 54, 187, 200, 206
    • Atherton, Alfred, 1, 84, 259, 301, 306
    • Atkinson, Richard C., 282
    • Atlas, Liane, 282, 289
    • Atwood, J. Brian, 196
    • Australia:
      • Alma Ata Conference of Primary Health Care, 317
      • Food assistance from, 222, 245
      • Food pricing policies in, 218
      • Food production trends in, 312
      • Signing of CEDAW by, 340
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 139
      • U.S. human rights policy in, 73
      • World Conference for the Decade on Women, 342
    • Austria, 91, 182, 340
    • Averch, Harvey A., 289
    • Cabinet Level Committee on Food and Agriculture Policy, 230
    • Cable, Bill, 242
    • Cadmium, 290
    • Cahill, Jacklyn, 9, 12, 13
    • Califano, Joseph, 230, 281, 283
      • As head of World Health Assembly delegation, 311, 313
      • International health initiatives, 302, 311, 314
      • International health policy, U.S., 293, 305, 306
      • Population growth, 282
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 285
      • WHO meeting in Rome, 249
      • World hunger initiatives, 302
    • Calingaert, Michael, 258, 260
    • Callable capital, 23
    • Callaghan, James, 42
    • Cambodia:
    • Cameroon, 42, 91, 95, 192
    • Camp David Accords, 342
    • Canada:
      • African famine aid, 276
      • Alma Ata Conference of Primary Health Care, 317
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • Food assistance from, 222, 245
      • Food pricing policies in, 218
      • Food production trends in, 312
      • Haitian asylum seekers, 6
      • Human rights approach of, 24
      • Human rights and IFIs, 73, 179
      • Population assistance from, 345
      • Public education on problems of LDCs, 263
      • Signing of CEDAW by, 340
      • UN Water Conference, 278
      • UNCHR resolutions by, 125, 184
      • UNGA disappeared persons resolution, 181
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 42, 139
      • U.S. human rights policy in, 73
      • World Conference for the Decade on Women, 342
    • Canal Cities Water and Sanitation Project (Egypt), 296
    • Canal Zone, 29
    • Cancer, 286, 305
    • Canner, Stephen J., 179
    • Cape Verde, 91
    • Capital punishment, 118
    • Carbon dioxide, 337
    • CARE, 273, 308
    • Caribbean Basin, 47, 59, 87, 277, 328
    • Carmody, John, 60
    • Carpenter, David, 104, 147
    • Carter, Amy, 47, 328
    • Carter, Chip, 212, 213, 217, 219, 242
    • Carter, Hodding, 59, 203
    • Carter, James Earl:
      • African famine aid, 274, 275
      • American Convention on Human Rights, 38, 47, 73
      • Argentina, 66
      • Badillo Amendment, 33, 35, 36
      • Briefing Paper for Vatican visit, 274
      • Cambodia, 160, 261, 266
      • CIA human rights memorandum, 25
      • Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 16, 26, 28, 178
      • Criticism of gross violators of human rights by, 80
      • East African food shortages, 275
      • Food Aid Convention, 243, 267, 271
      • Food for Peace Program, 265
      • Food initiative proposal for Venice economic summit, 264, 269
      • Food policy role of USDA, 223, 229
      • Food reserves, 265, 271
      • Foreign economic assistance, 207
      • Genocide Treaty, 9, 16, 26, 28, 53, 57, 76, 80, 96, 97, 178, 199, 204
      • Global 2000 Study, 337, 344, 347
      • Human rights:
      • Human Rights Agency proposal, 85
      • Human Rights Foundation proposal, 96, 113, 114, 121
      • Human rights policy, U.S.:
        • Implementation of, 48
        • Objectives and priorities for, 205
        • PRM on, 45, 46
      • Human Rights Week, 99
      • IDCA Development policy statement, 328
      • IFI Authorization Bill, 35, 36, 37
      • Institute for Human Rights and Freedom, 142
      • Interagency Working Group on Food and Agriculture Policy, 224
      • International Development and Food Assistance Act (1977), 58, 91
      • International health, 21, 292, 293
      • International Health Initiative, 309, 311, 313, 314
      • International health policy review, 293, 294, 306
      • International program uses of excess grain, 265
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 7
      • Leadership in War on Hunger, 271
      • Loans to countries violating human rights, 23
      • Marine Pollution Package, 290
      • Meetings:
      • Messages:
        • From Butler, Hinkley, and Shestack, 178
        • From Congressional delegation visiting Latin America, 132
        • From Humphrey, 238, 242
        • From Nolan and Gilman, 242
        • To Humphrey, 35, 40
        • To Reuss, 35
        • To Sakharov, 18, 19, 38
      • National Cambodian Crisis Committee, 266
      • Nuclear testing, 26
      • P.L. 480 budget, 259
      • Population growth, 339
      • Population policy, U.S., 284, 290, 297, 308
      • POW/MIAs, 6
      • Presidential Commission on World Hunger (PCWH):
      • Presidential Decision Memoranda, 98
      • Presidential Directive on human rights, 96, 113
      • Presidential Study on Population, Resources, and Environment, 289
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343, 346
      • Press conferences, 10
      • Proclamation 4542 (designating Human Rights Day), 99, 178
      • Resolution on creating UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 116
      • SALT II treaty signing, 186
      • Soviet economic development role in LDCs, 215
      • Soviet-U.S. relations, 186
      • Special Coordinating Committee Working Group on Human Rights, 32
      • Speeches:
        • B’nai B’rith (Sept. 1976), 4
        • Environment Message to Congress (May 1977), 308, 337
        • Human Rights Week (proposal), 89, 96, 97
        • Inaugural address (Jan. 1977), 8, 16, 18, 60, 208
        • National Arts Theatre (Lagos, 1978), 311
        • Notre Dame (May 1977), 51, 60, 214
        • OAS Permanent Council (Apr. 1977), 29, 38, 60
        • On human rights (proposed), 77
        • On world hunger (proposed), 236
        • San Jose City Hall (Sept. 1980), 347
        • Southern Legislative Conference (July 1977), 286
        • State of the Union (1978), 309
        • State of the Union (1980), 205, 348
        • “State of the World”; proposal, 89
        • Thirtieth Anniversary of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 173, 176, 200
        • UNGA (Mar. 1977), 26, 28, 38, 79, 89, 181, 217
        • UNGA (Oct. 1977), 79, 226, 290, 291
        • World Health Assembly (May 1977), 284, 318
      • Targeting aid to countries respecting human rights, 95, 96, 97
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 283, 285
      • Ten goals for foreign policy, 43
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 47
      • Tokyo Summit, 257
      • Uganda human rights violations, 42
      • UN charges of U.S. civil rights violations, 164
      • Unclassified version of PD–30, 175, 177
      • Universal Declaration of Human Rights as endorsed by, 9, 70, 99
      • UN’s importance to United States, 26
      • Vance resignation, 199
      • Visits:
        • Europe, India, Middle East (Dec. 1977–Jan. 1978), 103, 240, 306
        • London, Geneva (May 1977), 24
        • Rome (June 1980), 273
        • South America, Africa (Mar.–Apr. 1978), 311, 313
        • Tokyo, Seoul (June–July 1979), 187, 257
        • Vienna (June 1979), 186, 188
      • World Conference for the Decade on Women, 342
      • World Food Program, 235
      • World hunger initiatives, 212, 213, 226, 242, 292
      • World Hunger Working Group:
    • Carter, Lillian, 242, 245
    • Carter, Rosalynn, 26, 47, 203, 266, 328
    • Carter, W. Beverly, Jr., 125, 162, 163
    • Case, Clifford, 23, 114, 245
    • Catholic Relief Services, 274
    • Cavanaugh, Carmel R., 312
    • Cederberg, Elford A., 23
    • Celeste, Richard F., 336
    • Censorship, 135, 190
    • Census, U.S. Bureau of, 307, 323, 337, 338
    • Center for Disease Control (CDC), 306
    • Central African Empire:
      • Action plans for, 183
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91, 95
      • Political prisoners in, 105
      • Suspension of aid program for, 105, 132, 145
      • U.S. abstentions in votes on IFI loans to, 105, 132, 139, 202
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 42
      • U.S. seen as “punishing”; due to weakness of, 105
    • Central America, 5, 29, 59, 60, 200
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
      • Geographic and Cartographic Research Office (OGCR), 338
      • Global 2000 Study, 337
      • Human rights performance, 172
      • Human rights violations, 44
      • Impact of the U.S. stand on human rights, 42
      • Interagency coordination on human rights, 29
      • International health policy review, 306
      • Memoranda:
        • Meeting Global Food Needs, 250
        • On human rights, 25, 42
      • Political perspectives on key global issues (paper), 209
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343
      • Reporting on human rights by, 22, 72, 223
      • U.S.-Soviet health cooperation in LDCs, 286
      • World hunger initiatives, 219
    • Chad, 91, 245
    • Chai, Daniel, 211
    • Chapin, Harry, 242, 251, 253, 255
    • Chapman, William, 200
    • Chase Manhattan Bank, 223
    • Chavez, Cesar, 80
    • Cherne, Leo, 107, 112
    • Cheshes, Martin L., 159, 325, 327, 336
    • Cheshire, Maxine, 105
    • Chicago Tribune, 42
    • Child health, 296, 301, 311
    • Child malnutrition, 305
    • Child mortality, 305
    • Child spacing, 308
    • Children’s rights, 323, 324, 325
    • Chile:
      • Action plans for, 183
      • AID projects deferred in, 132
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 95
      • As major P.L. 480 recipient, 88
      • Cancellation of U.S. aid program by, 105
      • CCC loans to, 87, 92, 105
      • Delay in votes on loans to, 132, 139
      • Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (DINA), 104
      • ECOSOC hearings on, 155
      • FSO loans to, 105
      • Human rights:
      • IAHRC report on, 125, 155
      • IDB support of junta in, 4
      • Letelier assassination, 157, 202
      • Loans opposed to Allende government, 105
      • OPIC, 108, 150
      • Political prisoners in, 104
      • Refugees from, 6
      • State of siege in, 73
      • Torture in, 102
      • UNCHR resolution on, 125, 162, 181
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 25
      • U.S. human rights policy in, 206
      • U.S. military aid to, 4, 11, 56, 62
      • U.S. policy for UN discussions on, 155
      • U.S. role in coup in, 38
      • U.S. votes against IFI loans to, 105, 132, 139, 145, 202
      • Venezuelan loans to, 105
      • Women’s status in, 336
    • China, People’s Republic of:
      • As development success, 253
      • Cambodian human rights violations, 80, 184
      • Constraints on foreign policy of, 209
      • Equatorial Guinea, relations with, 192
      • Family planning in, 287, 308
      • Food pricing policies in, 218
      • Human rights evaluation reports, 73
      • Human rights improvements in, 172
      • Human rights reports for, 203
      • International Food Corps proposal, 247
      • Malnutrition in, 213, 234
      • Population issues, 331, 339
      • Role in African rights-violating countries of, 192
      • Shanghai Communiqué, 26
      • UNCHR’s establishment, 16
      • United States, relations with, 63, 73
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 25, 42
      • U.S. human rights policy in, 54, 206
      • U.S. medical diplomacy with, 292
      • U.S. sales of police equipment to, 206
      • U.S. seen as ignoring human rights record of, 105
    • China, Republic of. See Taiwan
    • Choi Kyu-hah, 187
    • Cholera, 330
    • Choucri, Nazli, 338
    • Christenson, Richard A., 24
    • Christian Science Monitor, 42, 275, 308, 343, 348
    • Christians, 125
    • Christopher, Warren M.:
      • Agriculture, 298
      • AID study on foreign economic assistance, 197
      • American Convention on Human Rights, 47
      • Armenian genocide, 182
      • As Acting Secretary, 103, 240
      • As Deputy Secretary of State, 5
      • Carter-Brezhnev talks, 186
      • Carter’s UNGA speech (Oct. 1977), 291
      • Derian appointment as Human Rights Coordinator, 4
      • D/HA, 6, 194, 196
      • Draft outline for human rights policy, 10
      • East Africa food shortages, 276
      • Energy, 298
      • Foreign economic assistance, 38, 144, 297
      • Fraser foreign assistance bill amendments, 136, 137, 138
      • Human rights, 38
        • Accomplishments in, 122
        • Action memoranda on, 12, 34, 40, 55, 71
        • Carter administration emphasis on, 51
        • Fraser memorandum on, 56
        • Review for CCC loans, 78, 92
        • Strategy papers for, 34, 40, 124
        • U.S. strategy for United Nations, 148
        • Vance’s Law Day speech on, 39
      • Human Rights Coordinating Group, 14, 48, 50, 53
      • Human Rights Foundation proposal, 117, 123
      • Human rights policy, U.S.:
        • Assessment of, 105
        • Communication abroad of, 87
        • Congressional-State Department cooperation on, 49
        • Country-specific action plans for, 49, 60
        • Credibility of, 200
        • Implementation of, 40, 48, 52, 53, 55, 156
        • Improvement in planning and reporting, 147
        • NGO recommendations for strengthening of, 187
        • PRM on, 54, 58, 63, 64, 65, 67, 68
        • Sanctions as used in, 157, 158
        • State Department strategy for dealing with Congress over, 62
        • Threats to, 101
      • Human rights reports, 59, 84, 109, 111, 129, 167, 190, 201
      • Humphrey subcommittee testimony of, 9, 17, 28
      • Implementing of human rights legislation, 83
      • Institute for Human Rights and Freedom, 126, 128, 130, 131, 133, 134, 142
      • Interagency Group on Human Rights and Foreign Assistance, 29, 31, 41, 150, 156, 183
      • International financial institutions, 33, 35, 37, 71, 145, 179
      • International health policy, 288, 302
      • Iranian UN resolution on human rights, 94
      • Messages:
        • From Congressional delegation visiting Latin America, 132
        • To Blumenthal, 40
        • To Fraser, 74
      • North-south relations, 298
      • OPIC, 108, 150, 151, 152, 153
      • P.L. 480, 86, 88, 90, 92, 169
      • Population policy, U.S., 287, 298, 307, 318, 321, 329, 339
      • Priorities lunch with Derian, 195
      • Proposed meeting with Congressional human rights leaders, 13, 20
      • Resolution on creating UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 94
      • Reuss Amendment, 20
      • Security assistance, 144
      • Speeches:
        • ABA Convention (Chicago, Aug. 1977), 74, 77
        • ABA Convention (New Orleans, Feb. 1978), 104, 117
      • Talmadge meeting with, 92
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 283
      • Technology transfer, 298
      • UN Water Conference, 278
      • U.S. ratification of UN Covenants and Conventions, 193
      • U.S.-Soviet health cooperation in LDCs, 286
      • World Food Program, 232
      • World Hunger Campaign, 234
      • World hunger initiatives, 302
    • Christopher Committee. See Interagency Group on Human Rights and Foreign Assistance
    • Chrome, 4, 26
    • Chun Doo Hwan, 200
    • Church, Frank F., 161, 198, 202
    • Church of Human Development, 163
    • Church World Service, 113, 308
    • Civic action programs, 299
    • Civil Defense Preparedness Agency, 337
    • Civil Rights Commission, U.S., 28, 135, 170
      • Tennessee Advisory Committee, 163
    • Civil Rights Movement, 58
    • Civiletti, Benjamin, 343
    • Clapp, Priscilla, 91, 197
    • Clark, Dick, 242
    • Claude, Inis L., Jr., 100
    • Cleveland, Paul, 147, 169, 190
    • Clift, A. Denis, 38, 112
    • Climate change, 209, 337
    • Climate control, 209
    • Climate limit, 234, 236
    • Clinics, 215
    • Club of Rome, 212, 213
    • Coal, 337, 347
    • Coalition for a New Foreign and Military Policy, 29, 129, 167
    • Coar, Nelson, 75
    • Cocoa, 215
    • Coelho, Anthony Lee, 277
    • Coffee, 80, 215
    • Cohen, Roberta, 129, 135, 178, 187, 198, 205
    • Cohen, Steve, 198
    • Collins, Steven, 91, 105
    • Colombia:
      • American Convention on Human Rights, 87, 104
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • Charges of U.S. racial discrimination in UN, 163
      • Family planning in, 308, 345
      • Human rights evaluation reports, 61
      • Population issues in, 331, 339
      • UNCHR role of, 184
      • U.S. population assistance to, 287
    • Colombo, Emilio, 273
    • Colombo Declaration (Sept. 1979), 331
    • Colonialism, 342
    • Columbia Human Rights Law Review, 324
    • Commerce, U.S. Department of, 219
      • DCC membership of, 315
      • International health policy review, 306
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343, 346
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 283
      • World Hunger Working Group, 230
    • Commission on the Status of Women, 310
    • Committee on Human Rights, Memphis, Tennessee, 163
    • Commodity agreements, 215
    • Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), 195, 205, 223
      • Chilean borrowing from, 87, 92, 105
      • Financing of exports to Korean Republic by, 265
      • Increase in commercial term export sales under, 265
      • Legislative constraints against financing commodity sales by, 210
      • Price support loans, 225
      • Restricting limits on, 157, 158
      • Review of loans by, 78, 92
      • Short-term export loans, 259
      • Ugandan borrowing from, 92
    • Common Fund, 277
    • Communications satellites, 290
    • Communist bloc, 4, 73, 210
    • Community organizations, 308
    • Community water supplies, 296
    • Conference on Desertification (Nairobi, 1977), 236, 278, 306
    • Conference on New and Renewable Forms of Energy (1981), 346
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) (see also Helsinki Agreement), 4
    • Congden, Michael B., 26
    • Congress, Acts of (see also P.L. 480)
      • African Development Fund Act (1976), 1, 73
      • Agricultural Act (1949), 245
      • Agricultural Act (1980), 277
      • Agricultural Trade and Developmental Assistance Act (1954), 4, 90, 169, 210, 312
      • Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act (1973), 263
      • Arms Export Control Act (1976), 136
      • Bretton Woods Agreement Act, 139
      • Byrd Amendment, 4, 7, 26, 38
      • Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriation Act (1979), 253
      • Export Administration Act, 264
      • Export-Import Bank Act (1945), 87, 157
      • Food and Agriculture Act (1977), 225, 229, 245, 254
      • Food for Freedom Act (1966), 312
      • Food Security Act (1979), 260, 277
      • Food Security Wheat Reserve Act (1980), 277
      • Foreign Assistance Act (1961), 1, 17, 73, 91, 136, 190, 196, 200, 287, 301, 320
        • Title XII amendments to, 263
      • Foreign Assistance Act (1969), 81, 108
      • Foreign Assistance Act (1973), 58, 73, 84, 167, 245, 305, 308
      • Foreign Assistance Appropriation Act (1979), 108
      • Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Act (1978), 87, 141
      • Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1977, 73
      • Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1978, 62
      • Harkin Amendment, 1, 4, 10, 20, 29, 33, 35, 36, 37, 73, 87, 96, 114, 139
      • Hart-Cellar Act (1977), 62, 73
      • Helms Amendment, 253, 255
      • Humphrey Amendment, 29, 33, 35, 38
      • Immigration Act (1924), 62
      • Inter-American Development Bank Act, 73
      • International Development Cooperation Act (1979), 190, 328
      • International Development and Food Assistance Act (1975), 1, 4, 108, 207
      • International Development and Food Assistance Act (1977) (P. L. 9588):
        • Channeling aid to non-human rights violators, 83, 171
        • Chile’s cancelling of U.S. loans under provisions of, 105
        • Emphasis on food for development, 245
        • Guidelines for, 91
        • Human rights language in P.L. 480 Agreements as required by, 103, 169
        • Implementation of, 58, 92
        • Internationalization of human rights policies, 83
        • Mandatory minimum tonnage levels, 232
        • P.L. 480 reporting requirement under, 86, 90
        • Redirection of P.L. 480 under, 210
      • International Development and Food Assistance Act (1978), 268, 308
      • International Financial Institutions Act (1977), 199
      • International Security Assistance Act (1977), 38
      • International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act (1976), 1, 4, 38, 91
      • International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act (1977), 143
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 4, 7, 73, 80, 96
      • McCarran-Walter Act (1952), 62
      • Omnibus Food and Agriculture Act (1977), 210
      • Overseas Private Investment Corporation Amendments Act (1977), 108, 139, 143, 150
      • Overseas Private Investment Corporation Amendments Act (1978), 200
      • Percy Amendment, 58, 324, 341
      • P. L. 9512 (1977), 26
      • P. L. 9588 (1977). See International Development and Food Assistance Act (1977 above)
      • P. L. 95118 (1977) (IFI Authorization), 29, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 83, 124, 202
      • Proposal for legislation on human rights reports, 139, 143
      • Reuss Amendment, 20, 33
      • Right to Food Resolution, 251
      • Safe Drinking Water Act (1974), 330
      • Smith-Mundt Act (1948), 263
      • Supplemental Appropriation and Rescission Act (1980), 275
      • Trade Act (1974), 73, 234, 277
      • Trading with the Enemy Act (1917), 210
      • Tsongas Amendment, 139
      • U.S. Information and Educational Exchange Act (1948), 263
    • Congress, U.S. (see also Congress, Acts of; Human rights reports)
    • Congressional Fellowships, 29
    • Congressional Presentation Documents, 6, 108
    • Congressional Record, 139
    • Conservation:
    • Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (CGIAR), 245, 257, 258, 270, 345
    • Contraception, 307, 309, 345
    • Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 27, 38, 118, 149, 155, 199
    • Convention on the Crime of Apartheid, 155
    • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), 340, 342
    • Cooper, Richard N., 20, 34
      • Commission on the Status of Women, 310
      • Food initiative proposal for Venice economic summit, 269
      • Food policy, U.S., 258
      • Food reserves for P.L. 480 stabilization, 228
      • Human rights policy, U.S., 16, 105
      • IBRD consideration of human rights, 59
      • International health policy review, 314
      • North-South Task Force, 335
      • OPIC, 108
      • P.L. 480, 210
      • Presidential Commission on World Hunger (PCWH), 248, 255
      • UN human rights resolution, 94
      • World Hunger Campaign, 234
      • World hunger initiatives, 240
    • Copenhagen 80: The Washington Conference for Women (June 1980), 342
    • Corn, 225, 265
    • Corps D’Alimentation du Sahel (CAS), 247
    • Cossiga, Francesco, 273
    • Costa Rica, 16
      • Alma Ata Conference of Primary Health Care, 317
      • American Convention on Human Rights, 87, 104
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91, 95
      • Family planning in, 308
      • Increases in AID funding levels for, 140, 145
      • Resolution on creating UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 87, 94, 99
      • UNCHR resolution of, 87, 99
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 42, 139
    • Costello, Daniel S., 282, 289
    • Costle, Douglas M., 343
    • Cote d’Ivoire. See Ivory Coast
    • Council of Economic Advisors (CEA), 230, 280
    • Council of Europe, 2
    • Council of Hemispheric Affairs, 187
    • Council on Development Policies and Programs, 315
    • Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), 230, 277, 280, 290, 299, 337, 348
    • Council on Soviet Jewry, 203
    • Council on World Food and Nutrition Policy, 213
    • Cranston, Alan, 4, 13, 29, 87
    • Creekmore, Marion, 86, 340
    • Crown of St. Stephen, 103
    • Cruit, Anthony, 221
    • Cuba, 38
      • Drug licenses for, 303
      • Forces in Angola of, 145
      • Health as foreign policy tool of, 295
      • International Food Corps proposal, 247
      • Political prisoners, 104, 170
      • Refugees from, 200
      • Role in African rights-violating countries of, 191, 192
      • Signing of CEDAW by, 340
      • Sugar agreement with Soviet Union, 215
      • Transfer of medical and scientific literature to, 292
      • UNCHR, 120, 125, 184
      • United States, relations with, 63, 73
      • U.S. human rights policy in, 206
      • U.S. prohibition of financing commodity sales to, 210
      • Zionism as racism equivalence in, 342
    • Cultural and educational exchanges, 73
    • Currency Use Payments (CUPs), 243
    • Curtis, Carl T., 92
    • Cutter, Curtis C., 129
    • Cutter, W. Bowman, 223, 283, 285
    • Cyprus, 5, 77
      • Armenian genocide, 182
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • As UNGA agenda item, 291
      • Human rights country reports on, 167
      • Human rights improvement in, 172
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 196
    • Czechoslovakia, 7, 54, 104, 172, 206
    • Daft, Lynn, 215, 219, 222, 223, 230
      • Food Aid Convention (FAC), 243
      • Interagency Working Group on Food and Agriculture Policy, 224
      • Presidential Commission on World Hunger (PCWH), 227
      • World Hunger Working Group, 231
    • Dalley, George, 146, 149, 155, 159, 325, 327
    • Daly, John, 219
    • Data flows, 290
    • Davies, Richard, 28
    • DDT, 290
    • De Onis, Juan, 87
    • Debt, 328
    • Debt service, 207
    • Decade for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination, 63, 73, 87, 159, 162
    • Decade for Drinking Water and Sanitation (see also Sanitation; Water), 306, 313, 315, 328, 330
      • Issues and options for, 316
      • Memorandum on follow-up to, 335
      • U.S. approach and strategy for, 319, 332
    • Decade on Women (see also Women)
    • Declaration of Alma Ata, 317
    • Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice, 63
    • Defense, U.S. Department of:
      • Activities in countries with human rights violations, 200
      • Interagency coordination on human rights, 29
      • Interagency Group on Human Rights and Foreign Assistance, 29, 31, 41
      • International health policy review, 306
      • International health programs of, 299, 315
      • Population growth, 280, 338
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 283
      • U.S. Human rights policy, message in support of, 70
      • U.S.-Soviet health cooperation in LDCs, 286
    • Deforestation, 252, 346
    • Democratic Kampuchea. See Cambodia
    • Demographic transition, 209, 308, 320
    • Denend, Leslie G.:
      • Carter meeting with Vance and Derian, 175, 177
      • Human Rights Commission session, 181
      • Human rights vs. other policy interests, 100
      • UN charges of U.S. civil rights violations, 163, 164
      • War on Hunger, 271
      • World hunger initiatives, 217, 219, 226
    • Denlinger, Nelson, 92
    • Denmark:
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • Public education on problems of LDCs, 263
      • Resolution on creating UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 94
      • Signing of CEDAW by, 340
      • UNCHR, 94
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 139
    • Denton, Hazel, 345, 349
    • Denver, John, 249, 251, 253, 255
    • Derian, Patricia M.:
      • AID budget, 140, 171
      • AID study on foreign economic assistance, 197
      • Appointment and confirmation as Human Rights Coordinator, 4, 10, 29
      • Armenian genocide, 182
      • Briefing memoranda from, 53
      • Carter speech on human rights (proposed), 77
      • Carter-Brezhnev talks, 186
      • Congressional testimony of, 42
      • CSCE, 87
      • D/HA role in policy decision-making, 194
      • G–7 Summit, 24
      • Genocide Convention, 28, 57
      • Human rights:
        • Action memoranda on, 29, 71, 126
        • Brzezinski’s interdepartmental meeting on, 7
        • Carter administration’s emphasis on, 51
        • Conference for NGOs on, 201, 203
        • Fraser memorandum on, 56
        • Iranian UN resolution on, 94
        • Prioritization among varieties of, 188
        • Ratification of UN covenants on, 16, 28, 178, 193
        • Review for CCC loans, 78
        • U.S. strategy for United Nations, 146, 148
        • Vance’s Law Day speech on, 39
      • Human Rights Coordinating Group, 50
      • Human Rights Foundation proposal, 117, 121
      • Human rights policy, U.S.:
        • Assessment of, 105
        • Communist vs. non-Communist countries, 22
        • Country-specific action plans for, 50, 53
        • Credibility of, 200
        • Goals and objectives for, 194, 199
        • Implementation of, 53
        • Improvement in planning and reporting, 147
        • Issues for transition briefing papers, 206
        • NGO recommendations for strengthening of, 187
        • PRM on, 22, 49, 63
        • Sanctions as used in, 158
        • Strategy papers, 34
      • Human rights reports, 17, 59, 84, 87, 109, 111, 129, 190, 203
      • Increased hiring of personnel by, 74
      • Institute for Human Rights and Freedom, 126, 134
      • International financial institutions, 38, 71, 145
      • Interview with, 60
      • Issues for transition briefing papers, 206
      • Kissinger-Vance lunch meeting, 189
      • Meetings:
      • OPIC, 108
      • P.L. 480, 86, 169
      • Priorities lunch with Christopher, 195
      • Proposed meeting with Congressional human rights leaders, 13, 20
      • Reuss Amendment, 20
      • Securing international support for U.S. decisions on loans, 179
      • State Department views of, 203
      • Status of women, 322
      • Thirtieth Anniversary of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 176
      • Unclassified version of PD–30, 175, 177
      • Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 70
      • Vance meeting with, 198
      • Washington Conference for Women, 342
      • Women and children’s rights, 324
      • Women in LDCs, 323
    • Derryck, Vivian Lowery, 334, 341, 342
    • Dershowitz, Alan M., 60
    • Desai, Morarji, 104, 188
    • Desertification, 236, 290, 306
    • Détente, 24, 42, 46, 54
    • DeVecchi, Bob, 107
    • Development assistance, 73
    • Development Assistance Program (DAP), 307
    • Development Coordination Committee (DCC), 216, 326
      • Review of Brandt Commission report, 274, 277
      • Study on Foreign Aid, 227
      • Subcommittees on loans and grants, 315
    • Development Forum, 237
    • Dewar, Helen, 275
    • DeYoung, Karen, 80
    • Dialogue, 60
    • Diarrhea, 296, 313
    • Diet, 305
    • Dinges, John, 87
    • Diplomacy:
    • Disappeared persons, 181, 184, 190
    • Disarmament, 26
    • Disaster relief, 73, 75, 290
    • Disasters, natural, 290
    • Discrimination. See Age discrimination; Gender discrimination; Racial discrimination; Religious discrimination
    • Diseases:
    • Dissidents:
    • Djakarta Declaration, 262
    • Djibouti, 91, 172, 275
    • Dobrynin, Anatoly, 7, 18
    • Dodson, Christine, 139, 150, 167, 203, 223, 266
    • Doe, Samuel K., 205
    • Dole, Robert, 62, 92, 242, 251, 253, 260
    • Domestic Council (DC), 230, 277, 285
    • Domestic hunger, 263
    • Domestic Policy Council (DPC), 219
    • Dominican Republic, 87
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • As scheduled for P.L. 480 aid in FY 1978, 90
      • Family planning in, 308
      • Human right country reports, 129
      • Political prisoners in, 87, 104, 105
      • U.S. human rights actions in, 87
    • Donovan, Hedley, 205, 337
    • “Doonesbury”; (Trudeau), 117
    • Downey, Arthur, 7
    • Drinan, Robert, 4
    • Drought, 218, 234, 236, 245, 275
    • Drug Abuse Policy, Office of, 219, 292, 315
    • Drug policy, U.S., 292
    • Dubs, Adolph, 63
    • Duffey, Joe, 59
    • Duncan, Charles W., Jr., 343
    • Dunn, Tim, 197
    • Durham, Jimmy, 125
    • Dworkin, Douglas A., 186
    • Dyess, William J., 203
    • Dysentery, 330
    • Earth Day, 102
    • Earthquakes, 290
    • East Africa, 275, 276
    • East Asia, 172, 196
    • Eastern Europe:
      • Commission on the Status of Women, 310
      • Food pricing policies in, 218
      • Human rights situation in, 104, 105, 172
      • Restraint in U.S. human rights policy toward, 43
      • Role in African rights-violating countries of, 191, 192
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 25, 105, 196
      • USIA human rights action plan for, 60
    • East Timor, 29, 59, 87
    • Eastland, James, 62, 92
    • Easum, Donald B., 321
    • Eckholm, Erik, 335, 344, 348
    • Economic and Business Affairs, Bureau of, 1
    • Economic development, 215
    • Economic Impact, 60
    • Economic Portfolio, 60
    • Ecuador, 75
      • American Convention on Human Rights, 104
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • Elections in, 105
      • Human rights country reports on, 167
      • Human rights improvements in, 102, 172
    • Edgar, William, 331
    • Education, 28, 29, 73, 145, 190, 236, 263, 277, 302
    • Education, U.S. Department of, 342
    • Egypt, 63, 89
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91
      • Balance-of-payments problems, 275
      • Canal Cities Water and Sanitation Project, 296
      • Debt owed by, 207
      • Family planning in, 287, 308, 331, 345
      • FAO agreement with, 262
      • Human rights as factor in IFI loans, 73
      • Human rights commission for Africa, 125
      • Human rights country reports to Congress on, 167
      • P.L. 480 aid to, 90, 210, 259
      • Population growth study for, 338
      • Ratification of UN Covenants and Conventions, 193
      • U.S. prohibition of financing commodity sales to, 210
      • Vance visits to, 74
      • Zionism as racism equivalence in, 63
    • Ehrlich, Tom:
      • African famine aid, 276
      • Carter meeting with religious leaders, 268, 272
      • Carter meetings in Rome, 273
      • G–7 talks on population issues, 333
      • Human rights policy, U.S., NSC and, 203
      • International program uses of excess grain, 265
      • P.L. 480, 259
      • Population policy, U.S., 328, 329
      • Presidential Commission on World Hunger (PCWH), 277
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343
    • Eilberg, Joshua, 62
    • Eisele, Albert A., 38
    • Eisenhower, Dwight D., 4, 210
    • Eizenstat, Stewart:
      • African famine aid, 275
      • Food Aid Convention (FAC), 243
      • Food for Peace Program, 265
      • Food policy, U.S., USDA role in, 223, 229
      • Genocide Convention, 57
      • Global 2000 Study, 337
      • Human Rights Foundation proposal, 121
      • Interagency Working Group on Food and Agriculture Policy, 224
      • International Health Initiative, 301
      • P.L. 480 Title III purchase guarantees, 222
      • Presidential Commission on World Hunger (PCWH), 244
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 285
      • Wheat set-asides, 225
      • World Food Program, 235
      • World hunger initiatives, 212, 213, 216, 219, 227
      • World hunger meetings, 212, 220, 223, 242
      • World Hunger Working Group, 227, 231
    • El Salvador:
    • Elderly Feeding Program, 263
    • Elections:
      • Bolivia (1978), 105
      • Ecuador (1978), 105
      • Pakistan (1977) (postponed), 104
      • Peru (1978), 105
      • Sri Lanka (1977), 104
      • United States (1980), 207
    • Ellacuria, Ignacio, 87
    • Eller, Don, 255
    • Ely, Michael, 218
    • Employment discrimination, 28
    • Energy, 236, 284, 290, 298, 328, 337, 346, 347
    • Energy, U.S. Department of, 236, 290, 298, 337, 343
    • Energy dependence, 209
    • Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), 67, 219, 337
    • Environmental issues (see also individual issues), 284, 290
    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 306, 315, 330, 337, 342
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343
    • Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO), Office of, 28
    • Equatorial Guinea, 172, 179, 188
      • Action plans for, 183
      • Cameroon, relations with, 192
      • Chinese People’s Republic, relations with, 192
      • Nigeria, relations with, 192
      • Resumption of U.S. aid to, 203
      • Soviet bloc role in, 191, 192
      • UNCHR investigation of, 125, 181
    • Erb, Guy, 93, 110, 150, 242
      • Decade on Drinking Water and Sanitation, 335
      • G–7 talks on population issues, 333
      • Presidential Commission on World Hunger (PCWH), 227, 239, 246, 248, 277
      • UN charges of U.S. civil rights violations, 164
      • World hunger initiatives, 226
      • World Hunger Working Group, 227, 241
    • Erb, Richard, 7, 22
    • Ericson, Richard, 7, 70
    • Eritrea, 42
    • Erlich, S. Paul, 289
    • Erlich, Thomas, P.L. 480 budget, 259
    • Erosion, 245, 252
    • Ethiopia:
      • Action plans for, 183
      • AID projects deferred in, 132
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91, 95
      • Bilateral aid agreements with the United States, 145
      • Closure of U.S. bases in, 42, 105
      • Commission on the Status of Women, 310
      • Executions in, 104
      • Food shortages in, 250, 275
      • Interagency group discussion of loans to, 41
      • Political prisoners released in, 104
      • UNCHR scrutiny of, 125, 181, 184
      • United States, relations with, 42, 105
      • U.S. abstentions in votes on IFI loans to, 53, 71, 105, 132, 139, 202
      • U.S. human rights policy as seen in, 25, 42
      • U.S. human rights policy in, 206
      • U.S. military aid cuts to, 7, 11, 23, 38
      • U.S. population assistance to, 287
      • U.S. sales of police equipment to, 206
    • Ethnic lobbying, 69
    • European Commission, 139
    • European Community (EC), 24, 105
    • European Human Rights Commission, 190
    • Evans, Rowland, 164
    • Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), 262
    • Executions, 104
    • Executive Order 10973, 263
    • Executive Order 12078, 248, 251, 263
    • Executive Order 12163, 245, 328
    • Executive Order 12266, 277
    • Executive Policy Group, 304
    • Expanded Food and Nutrition Educations Program, 263
    • Export restraints, 259
    • Export-Import Bank, 23, 33, 73, 87, 105, 139, 143, 157, 158, 167, 205, 315
    • Extinction, 346, 347
    • Habib, Philip, 1, 8, 12, 29, 34, 41, 62, 84, 105
    • Haiti:
      • Action plans for, 183
      • American Convention of Human Rights, 87
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91, 95
      • As country of concern for rights violations, 88
      • Human right country reports, 17, 129
      • IAHRC visits to, 87
      • P.L. 480, 90, 169
      • Political prisoners released in, 87, 104, 105
      • Prison inspections in, 87
      • Refugees from, 6, 200
      • U.S. human rights actions in, 87
      • U.S. military aid, 62, 206
    • Hallquist, Jo Ann, 221
    • Hamilton, Ed, 216
    • Hamilton, Lee, 4
    • Handler, Philip, 212
    • Handwerger, Gretchen, 247
    • Hanley, Mary, 322, 325, 336
    • Hannah, John, 246
    • Hansell, Herbert J., 28, 34, 47, 57, 94
      • Human rights evaluation reports, 84
      • Improving human rights planning and reporting, 147
      • Institute for Human Rights and Freedom, 134
      • Iranian UN resolution on human rights, 94
      • OPIC, 108
      • P.L. 480, 90
    • Hansen, Roger, 16, 69, 214, 219
    • Hanson, Heidi, 137, 171
    • Harden, Richard, 242, 245
    • Hardware, 290
    • Harkin, Thomas:
      • Amendments to Congressional bills, 98, 108
      • Christopher’s proposed meeting with, 20
      • Coalition for a New Foreign and Military Policy, 129
      • Congressional Fellowships, 29
      • P.L. 480 and gross human rights violators, 88
      • State Department consultation with, 29
    • Harkin Amendment:
      • Ad Hoc Interagency Group on Human Rights memoranda, 73
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 33, 96, 114
      • Christopher memoranda, 37
      • Derian/Katz/Bennett memoranda, 20
      • Derian memoranda, 87
      • Guidelines on U.S. human rights policy on, 1
      • Interagency Group on Human Rights and Foreign Assistance memoranda, 139
      • Lake memoranda, 9, 29
      • Lipshutz memoranda, 36
      • Tuchman memoranda, 4
      • Vance memoranda, 35
      • Wilson memoranda, 10
    • Harley, Richard M., 275
    • Harrington, Michael J., 23
    • Harrington, Richard J., 28
    • Harris, Donald, 17, 159
    • Harris, Patricia R., 343
    • Hart, Donald, 255, 258, 260, 270
    • Hartman, Arthur, 1, 19, 24, 39
    • Haslam, Charles L., 7
    • Hatfield, Mark O., 62
    • Hathaway, Dale E., 216, 221, 262, 269, 312
    • Haverkamp, Roy, 247
    • Hawkins, Gerry, 289
    • Hayakawa, S. I., 92
    • Hays, John, 59
    • Healey, Denis, 156
    • Health. See International health policy, U.S.
    • Health, Education, and Welfare, U.S. Department of (HEW), 28, 128, 131, 219, 245
      • Diplomacy as defined by, 303
      • Health Services Administration, 306
      • International health activities of, 311, 315
      • International health policy review, 304, 305, 306
      • Status of women and children, 323
      • Task Force on International Health (proposal), 281, 283, 285
      • U.S.-Soviet health cooperation in LDCs, 286
    • Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of, 342
      • Presidential Task Force on Global Resources and Environment, 343
    • Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 263
    • Heart disease, 286, 305
    • Heilsnis, Harold, 2
    • Helman, Gerald, 291
    • Helms, Jesse, 92, 253
    • Helsinki Agreement (see also Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)), 122, 186
    • Hemp production, 145
    • Henegar, Warren, 246
    • Heng Samrin, 342
    • Henze, Paul B., 16, 107
    • Herman, Alexis, 342
    • Heroin, 23
    • Hertzberg, Hendrik, 173
    • Herz, Barbara, 331, 349
    • Hesburgh, Theodore, 60, 246, 292, 298
    • Hewitt, Warren, 8, 146, 147, 149, 155, 159, 181, 190
    • Hidalgo, Edward, 203
    • High protein blended foods, 234, 236
    • Hill, Kenneth, 26, 106, 115
    • Hill, Raymond, 269
    • Hinkley, David, 178
    • Hjort, Howard W., 230, 288
    • Hoinkes, Mary Elizabeth, 348
    • Holbrooke, Richard C. A.:
      • D/HA, 195
      • Human rights, 7, 38, 56, 109, 147
      • Human rights evaluation reports, 84
      • Human rights policy, U.S.:
        • Communication abroad of, 87
        • Country-specific action plans for, 49
        • Improvement in planning and reporting, 147
      • Institute for Human Rights and Freedom, 130
      • International Health Initiative, 301
      • International health policy, U.S., 306
      • Philippines, 62
      • Status of women, 322
    • Hollick, Ann L., 348
    • Holloway, Ann, 7, 247
    • Holly, Sean M., 8, 39, 63, 70, 106
    • Holmes, Henry Allen, 28
    • Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 60
    • Homan, Richard, 310
    • Honduras:
      • American Convention on Human Rights, 87
      • As considered for development or security assistance, 91, 95
      • As scheduled for P.L. 480 aid in FY 1978, 90
      • Human rights improvements in, 172
      • U.S. human rights actions in, 87
    • Hong Kong, 6, 308
    • Hookworm, 296
    • Horbal, Koryne K., 310, 342
    • Horizons, 60
    • Hormats, Robert D.:
      • AID budget, 171
      • Decade for Drinking Water and Sanitation, 335
      • Food policy, U.S., 223
      • Foreign economic assistance, 298
      • Global 2000 Report, 348
      • Human rights policy, U.S., 156
      • Human rights PRM, 45, 69, 76
      • Human rights reports, 129
      • International Health Initiative, 279, 301
      • Population issues, 331
      • Securing international support for U.S. decisions on loans, 179
      • World Hunger Campaign, 234
      • World hunger initiatives, 217, 219, 226
    • Horn of Africa, 274
    • Hornblow, Michael, 280
    • Horrock, Nicholas M., 105
    • Houdek, Robert, 201, 339
    • House of Representatives, U.S.:
      • Agriculture Committee, 233, 260
      • Appropriations Committee, 124
      • Badillo Amendment, 33, 35, 36, 37
      • Banking, Finance & Urban Affairs Committee, 33, 139
      • Fascell-Fraser Bill, 126, 128, 130, 131, 134, 135
      • Fraser Amendments, 136, 137, 138
      • IFI Authorization Bill, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38
      • International Relations Committee:
        • Foreign Assistance Subcommittee, 42
        • Human rights, Congressional-executive relations over, 4
        • Inter-American Affairs Subcommittee, 42
        • International Operations Subcommittee, 17, 135, 185
        • International Organizations Subcommittee, 6
        • State Department briefings on human rights, 6
        • Wheat reserves bill, 225, 260
      • Select Committee on Population, 318, 320, 324
      • Ways and Means Committee, 4
      • Young Bill, 139
    • Housing, 28
    • Houston, Charles, 60
    • Hovey, Graham, 35, 139, 194, 245
    • Howard, Lee, 313
    • Huberman, Benjamin, 219
    • Huerta, Dolores, 80
    • Hughes, Pat, 299
    • Human needs:
    • Human rights (see also Action memoranda; Genocide Convention (1949</