1. Memorandum From the Coordinator for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (Wilson) to All Regional and Functional Assistant Secretaries of State and the Administrator of the Agency for International Development (Parker)1
- Guidelines on U.S. Foreign Policy for Human Rights
Observance of internationally recognized human rights is important, both in the general formation of US foreign policy and in specific implementation of recent US legislation. In order that the Department may proceed most consistently and effectively in promoting progress in this area, a set of guidelines has been drafted on “US Foreign Policy for Human Rights.” These are intended to formalize and make more systematic our ongoing procedure for dealing with human rights matters.
Should you wish to provide written comments and suggestions on the attached set of guidelines, I would appreciate receiving them by COB, Wednesday, January 12.[Page 2]
- Source: Department of State, Bureau of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, 1976–1977 Human Rights Subject Files and Country Files, Lot 80D177, SHUM—Policies. Limited Official Use. Addressed to Habib, Rogers, Jordan, Lord, Jenkins, Vest, Leigh, Schaufele, Shlaudeman, Hummel, Hartman, Atherton, Katz, Lewis, and Parker. A typewritten note on the first page reads: “Human rights policy meeting chaired by Deputy secretary decided to bury this—2/14/77.”↩
- No classification marking. No drafting information appears on the paper.↩
- Representative Harkin attached an amendment to H.R. 9721, a bill that increased U.S. participation in the Inter-American Development Bank and authorized U.S. participation in the African Development Fund. President Ford signed the bill into law on May 31, 1976. (P.L. 94–302).↩
- Presumable reference to the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1975 (H.R. 9005; P.L. 94–161), signed into law by Ford on December 20, 1975. In addition to authorizing a 2-year, $3.1 billion foreign economic aid program, the act, in Section 116, prohibited development aid to any nation engaging in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally-recognized human rights unless Congress determined that such aid benefited the needy. (Congress and the Nation, Volume IV, 1973–1976, pp. 867–869) Harkin authored the human rights amendment to the legislation. (“House Votes to Ban Foreign Aid For Human-Rights Violations,” The New York Times, September 11, 1975, p. A–18)↩
- Signed into law by Ford on June 30, 1976, the
International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act (P.L.
94–329; 90 Stat. 729) amended the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
(P.L. 87–195; 75 Stat. 424), specified that a principal goal of U.S.
foreign policy was to promote observance of human rights, prohibited
the extension of security assistance to nations that violated human
rights except under extraordinary circumstances, and established the
position of Coordinator for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs
within the Department of State. (Congress and the
Nation, Volume IV, 1973–1976, pp. 874–877) The position of
Coordinator for Humanitarian Affairs had been established in 1975.
Foreign Relations, 1969–1976, volume E–3, Documents on Global Issues, 1973–1976, Document 250.↩
- Not found attached.↩