Index

References are to document numbers

    • Aaron, David L.
      • ASAT talks
        • At Vienna Summit, 56
        • Hostile acts agreement, 52
        • Priorities in, 36
        • Protection of satellites, 43
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 29, 34, 35, 43, 59
        • Third round, 46
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201, 221
      • Chemical weapons
        • CD Working Group, 104, 105
        • Funding for binary weapons, 139
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on policy for, 68
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 95, 96, 104, 139
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 101
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Carter-Gromyko discussions of, 201, 221
        • Carter meeting with nuclear laboratory officials on, 206
        • Carter-Thatcher talks on, 242
        • SCC discussion of, 205, 207, 228, 252
        • SCC work program for discussions of, 164
      • Conventional arms transfers
        • Dollar volume ceilings, 268
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 266, 290
        • U.S.-Soviet talks on, 281, 294, 295, 303
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 309
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 318, 388
      • Nuclear proliferation, 317, 326, 381, 398, 401, 444
      • Nuclear testing, 235, 253, 254
      • Policy Review Committee meetings, 68, 317, 381
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 479, 486, 489, 496, 499, 500
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112, 113, 120, 129, 135
      • U.S.-Argentine relations, 468
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 56, 101, 309
    • ABM Treaty (1972), 6, 131, 161
    • Acland, Sir Antony, 137
    • Acosta Hernandez, Valentin, 288, 432
    • Ad Hoc Interagency Group on Arms Transfer, 269
    • Ad Hoc Interagency Group on Nuclear Proliferation, 325, 358, 375, 463, 470
    • Adams, Michael, 453
    • Aden, Alberto, 439
    • Adeniji, Oluyemi, 501
    • Adsens, John, 324
    • Afghanistan (see also Soviet invasion of Afghanistan)
      • Non-ratification of Geneva Protocol by, 62
      • Policy Review Committee meeting on, 253
      • Refugees in Pakistan from, 110
      • Use of chemical weapons in
        • International investigation into, 122
        • Quadrilateral discussions of, 106, 107, 126
        • Reports of, 104, 132
        • U.S. statements at CW talks, 108, 126, 128
        • U.S. strategy for, 110
        • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 117
    • Africa (see also Conventional arms transfers to Africa; Ethiopia; Nigeria; South Africa, Republic of)
      • High-tension areas in, 304
      • Nuclear free zone in, 386
    • Agnew, Harold, 198, 206, 209, 210
    • Agreements, international (see also Biological Weapons Convention (1972); Comprehensive test ban (CTB); Limited Test Ban Treaty (1963); Tlatelolco Treaty)
      • Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty (1972), 6, 131, 161
      • Argentine-Brazilian agreement on nuclear cooperation, 461, 466
      • Ayacucho Declaration, 288, 296, 304
      • Ban on new weapons systems (proposed), 153
      • Basic Principles of Relations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R (1972), 285, 293
      • Brussels Treaty (1948), 342
      • Canada-EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1959), 355
      • Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (1972), 39
      • Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (1975), 39
      • Geneva Protocol (1925), 62, 77, 81, 106, 110
      • International Telecommunications Convention, 6
      • Japan-U.S. Nuclear Cooperation Agreement (1968), 341
      • “Measures Agreement to Reduce the Outbreak of Nuclear War,” 6
      • Nuclear Test Moratorium (1958), 206, 232, 286
      • Outer Space Treaty (1967), 6, 39, 43
      • Panama Canal Treaty, 434, 499
      • Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (PNE) Treaty, 102, 141, 146, 153, 210, 243
      • Rush-Bagot Amendment, 413
      • Threshold Test Ban Treaty (1974), 141, 146, 153, 158, 173, 243
      • Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969), 433, 434
    • Ahearne, John, 364
    • Ahlberg, David, 63
    • Air defense systems, 263
    • Airborne warning and control system (AWACS), 263, 277, 278, 286, 287
    • Aircraft
    • Akalovsky, Alexander, 79, 84, 94
    • Alarcón de Quesada, Ricardo, 422
    • Alaska, 241, 245
    • Alcohol as energy source, 427, 433
    • Aleksandrov-Argentov, Andrei M., 56, 101, 236, 309
    • Alexander, Michael, 242
    • Algeria, 146, 300, 359, 471
    • Allen, George, 281, 290, 294, 295, 486, 494
    • Allen, Lew, Jr., 57
    • Alternative energy, 427
    • Ammunition, 263, 265
    • Anderson, David, 12, 28, 62, 278, 357
    • Andreani, Jacques, 157, 476
    • Andriotti, Giulio, 342
    • Andrus, Cecil D., 2, 5, 27
    • Angola, 304
    • Angra I reactor (Brazil), 424, 461
    • Anthrax
    • Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (1972), 6, 131, 161
    • Anti-Satellite (ASAT) weapons
      • Arms competition in, 6
      • Ban on, 5, 7, 11, 12, 13, 478
      • Comprehensive agreement on, 51
      • Congressional funding for, 35
      • Control of, 6, 7, 9, 10, 13, 18
      • Démarche to Dobrynin on, 49, 50
      • DOD position, 7, 9
      • High-energy laser weapons’ role as, 15, 26, 40
      • No-first-use pledge for, 31
      • Office of Science and Technology Policy’s Space Advisory Group report on, 8
      • Soviet systems, 4, 9, 28, 34, 35, 40
      • Space shuttle seen as, 6, 20, 29, 47, 52, 56, 60
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings on
        • Dismantling of Soviet systems, 34, 40
        • Option for talks on, 11, 17, 29, 31, 43, 59
        • Testing ban, 34, 35, 68
        • Text of agreement at, 34
        • Treaty on, 16, 17
        • U.S.-Soviet talks, 281
      • Survivability of, 6, 8
      • Talks on
        • First round review, 33
        • Second round, 37, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44
        • Third round, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 53, 54
        • Agenda for possible future rounds, 59
        • Approval of goals for, 11, 18
        • Brezhnev-Carter message exchanges on, 5, 14, 20
        • Carter’s desire for, 5, 6
        • Definitions as discussed in, 54
        • Hostile acts agreement, 52
        • Illegal satellites, 42, 43, 44, 46, 53
        • Initiation of process for, 1
        • Interagency Working Group on, 17, 29, 34, 43
        • Issue paper for, 6, 9, 11
        • JCS position, 4
        • Joint communiqué on, 55
        • Options for, 31
        • Presidential Directives for, 32, 38, 40
        • Priorities in, 36
        • Satellite protection, 42, 43, 44
        • Satellites shared with third countries, 42, 43, 44
        • Scheduling of, 29, 31
        • Soviet interest and objectives in, 60
        • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, effect on, 57, 60
        • Special Coordination Committee discussion of options for, 11, 17, 29, 31, 43, 59
        • Stalling of, 316
        • Status of, 60
        • Suspension of testing during talks on, 28, 33, 34, 35, 37, 40
        • U.S. framework for, 16
        • U.S. initiatives for, 12, 13
        • U.S. support for, 138
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions, 12, 13, 49, 50
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions, 3, 6, 13, 55, 56
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 42, 55, 56
      • Testing of
        • Altitude distinctions in, 35, 40
        • Ban on
          • Agency disagreements on, 29, 31, 34, 35
          • As protocol to treaty, 51
          • Broadening of, 53
          • Comprehensive test ban as affected by, 40
          • JCS position, 34, 35
          • Soviet questions around, 41, 47
          • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 34, 35, 68
          • U.S. proposals for, 37
        • By Soviets, 33, 58
        • Flight test demonstrations, 19
        • For improvement of, 18, 19, 21, 22
        • Laser systems, 36, 37, 50, 59
      • Treaty on
        • Agreement in Vienna, possible, 42
        • Consultations as part of, 49
        • Relative impact of, 17
        • SALT agreement ratification as supported by, 5, 12, 40, 43
        • Soviet position, 60
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 16, 17
        • Testing ban as protocol to, 51
      • U.S. capabilities
        • Alternative possibilities for development of, 6, 8
        • Flight test demonstrations, 19
        • JCS position, 4
        • Office of Science and Technology Policy report on, 8
        • Operational testing for improvement of
          • Presidential Directives on, 23, 24, 25, 36
          • Removal of restrictions on, 18, 19, 21, 22
        • Policy review on, 2
        • Research and development program for, 46
      • Verification of capabilities for, 4, 6, 13, 30, 31, 59
      • York-Shchukin discussion of, 30
    • Anti-submarine warfare, 6, 406
    • Apartheid, 144
    • Arafat, Yasser, 269
    • Argentina (see also Argentine Tlatelolco Treaty accession)
      • Ayacucho Declaration, 288
      • Biological Weapons Convention adherence by, 453
      • Brazilian agreement for nuclear cooperation, 461, 466
      • Brazilian nuclear competition with, 401, 417, 422, 443, 445
      • Brazilian-U.S. relations, 439
      • Comprehensive test ban, 145, 146, 211, 224
      • Conventional arms transfers, 260, 297, 300
      • FRG nuclear sales to, 462, 466, 467
      • Full-scope safeguards for
        • Argentine discussion with IAEA on, 439, 443
        • Argentine position, 364, 395, 422
        • FRG position, 462
        • OPANAL views on, 411
        • U.S.-Argentine agreement on, 426
        • U.S. dilemma with, 458
        • U.S-Soviet discussion of, 348
        • U.S. strategy for, 419, 459
      • INFCE conference, 420, 422
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 327, 439, 443
      • Non-ratification of Biological Weapons Convention by, 62
      • Nuclear materials and equipment
      • Nuclear proliferation
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 417, 426, 439, 443
      • Nuclear weapons development by, 415, 431
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 211, 224, 439, 443
      • RA–3 reactor, 459, 463
      • RA–6 reactor, 459
      • Regional equilibrium as need for, 426, 429
      • Regional nuclear cooperation, 419
      • Seismic stations in the Falklands, 251
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 468
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 475
      • U.S. nuclear cooperation with, 419, 459, 468
      • U.S. relations with, 439, 442, 443, 466, 468
    • Argentine Commission on Atomic Energy (CNEA), 422, 429, 459
    • Argentine Tlatelolco Treaty accession
      • ACDA position, 407
      • Agreement to, 437
      • Announcement of ratification, 439
      • Argentine backpedaling on, 365, 453, 460, 462
      • Argentine commitment for ratification, 426, 439
      • Argentine conditions for, 431
      • As requirement for entry into force of treaty, 406, 419
      • Carter-Videla talks on, 420, 422, 432
      • Delaying in signing, 422, 453
      • Possibility of, 469
      • Soviet position, 449
      • U.S.-Argentine discussions of, 425, 429, 434
      • U.S.-French discussion of, 361
      • U.S.-Mexican discussion of, 411
      • U.S. nuclear cooperation and, 419, 459
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions of, 428
      • U.S. support for, 419
      • U.S.-Venezuelan discussion of, 416
      • Warnke’s presentation on, 428
    • Arita, Keisuke, 239
    • Armacost, Michael, 320, 329, 345, 352
    • Armitage, John, 346
    • Armored personnel carriers (APCs), 263
    • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA)
      • Anti-Satellite (ASAT) weapons, 7, 9, 13
      • Chemical weapons
        • CD working group on, 104, 105
        • Funding for binary weapons production, 95, 97
        • PRM/NSC 27, 66
        • Retention of current U.S. stockpile of, 68
        • U.S. policy toward, 61
        • Use in Asia of, 110, 122
      • Clinch River reactor funding, 322
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • CD working group on, 386
        • Criteria for renewal of, 203
        • Five-year review, 194
        • Fixed duration treaty, 197
        • Non-proliferation value of, 210, 211
        • On-site inspections, 180, 196
        • Peaceful nuclear explosions as accommodated under, 145
      • Conventional arms transfers, 261, 287, 290, 295, 301, 307, 316
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 489, 491, 492
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 401
      • Hostile acts in space, 29, 31
      • NPT Review Conference, 388
      • Nuclear fuel, 358, 392, 424, 489, 491, 492
      • Nuclear proliferation, 210, 211, 343, 348
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 344, 354
      • Nuclear testing, 158, 161, 172, 248, 254, 255
      • Seismic stations, 248, 255
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 479, 481, 489, 491, 492, 496
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 133, 135
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 407, 425
      • U.S. reactor part exports to Argentina, 470
    • Arms Export Control Board, 268
    • Armstrong, Robert, 242
    • Army Chemical Corps, 95
    • Arria, Diego, 416
    • Ashworth, George, 139
    • Aspin Committee, 131
    • Assad, Hafez al-, 20
    • Atherton, Alfred, 321
    • Atomic Energy Detection System, 210
    • Atucha II reactor (Argentina), 448, 466, 470
    • Aubert, Pierre, 457, 467
    • Australia
      • Biological Weapons Convention Review Conference, 119
      • Chemical weapons, 76, 106
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144
      • Conventional arms transfers, 268, 269, 270, 271, 275, 276
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 355
      • Nuclear cooperation with the United States, 372
      • Nuclear fuel exports by, 383
      • Nuclear proliferation, 329, 359, 364, 369, 375
      • Nuclear reprocessing by, 369
      • Seismic stations in, possible, 226, 232
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 477, 501
    • Austria, 364, 365, 471, 475, 501
    • Ayacucho Declaration, 288, 296, 304
    • B–77 bombs, 146
    • BACKSTAY nuclear test, 173
    • Bacteriology, 119
    • Bahamas, 359, 471
    • Baker, Howard, 115, 269
    • Balances of terror, 327
    • Bangladesh, 471
    • Banzer, Hugo, 288
    • Barkley, Richard, 445
    • Barmon, Ward, 467
    • Barneby, Malcolm, 429
    • Barnwell reprocessing plant, 323, 329, 338, 364
    • Barre, Raymond, 355, 419
    • Barry, Robert, 77, 113, 120, 135
    • Bartholomew, Reginald
      • ASAT talks, 43, 59
      • Bessmertnykh talks with, 387
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201, 221
      • Chemical weapons, 68, 139
      • Comprehensive test ban
      • Conventional arms transfers
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 318
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 190, 197
      • Policy Review Committee meetings, 68
      • Seismic stations, 240, 250, 251
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 473, 487, 488
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 129, 130, 135
    • Barton Group, 494
    • Basic Principles of Relations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R (1972), 285, 293
    • Bateman, Worth, 252, 381
    • Battlefield surveillance, 6
    • Batzel, Roger, 198, 206, 209, 210
    • BEAFORT nuclear test, 154, 161
    • Beauchataud, Francis, 442
    • Becker, Jane, 250
    • Begin, Menachim, 191, 233
    • Beigel, Edgar, 87, 122, 324
    • Belgium
      • Chemical weapons, 76
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144
      • Nuclear proliferation, 375, 377
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 325, 334, 372, 384
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 474
      • U.S.–EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1958), 347
      • U.S. highly enriched uranium exports to, 463
    • Belize, 242, 288
    • Benavides, Raul, 436
    • Benglesdorf, Harold, 345, 448
    • Benin, 471
    • Bennett, Frank, 369
    • Benson, Lucy W., 268, 269, 286, 377
    • Benton, Marjorie, 499
    • Bergland, Robert, 2, 5, 27
    • Bergsten, C. Fred, 320
    • Berlin crisis (1958–1961), 146
    • Berta, Michael, 59
    • Bessmertnykh, Alexander A.
      • Bartholomew talks with, 387
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201, 221
      • Chemical weapons, 88
      • Comprehensive test ban, 168, 201, 221
      • Conventional arms transfers, 278
      • EURATOM and IAEA safeguards, 367
      • Soviet nuclear testing, 239
    • Bettauer, Ronald, 369, 429, 467
    • Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali, 321, 327, 357
    • Bindschedler, Rudolf, 460
    • Bingham, Jonathan B., 375, 381
    • Bioconversion, 427
    • Biological weapons (BW) (see also Biological Weapons Convention; Sverdlovsk incident), 61, 62, 81, 85, 111
    • Biological Weapons Convention (1972) (see also Biological weapons)
      • Amounts of biological agents allowed under, 111
      • Argentine adherence to, 453
      • Article I, 116, 121, 134, 137
      • Article V
      • Article VI, 109
      • Article IX, 119
      • Article X, 119
      • Encouragement of adherence to, 62
      • Lack of verification provisions in, 68
      • Peaceful biological research, 119
      • Review Conference (Geneva, 1980), 89, 109, 112, 113, 115, 119, 129
      • Soviet non-compliance with, 121, 129
      • Soviet position, 114
      • Swedish initiative for amendment of, 112, 119
      • U.S. commitment to, 61, 81
    • Bittner, Edward, 266
    • Black boxes, 163, 180
    • Blackwill, Robert D., 242
    • Blechman, Barry
    • Bligh, John, 445
    • Bloomfield, Lincoln, 381
    • Bloomfield, William, 115
    • Blumenthal, W. Michael, 259, 271
    • Boelling, Klaus, 417
    • Bohlen, Avis, 79, 122, 175, 240, 387
    • Bolivia, 275, 288, 466
    • Bombs (see also Enhanced radiation (ER) weapons; Nuclear weapons)
    • Bond, Stephen, 47, 59
    • Bonight, James, 345
    • Boosting, 256
    • Booth, Roger, 87, 88, 98
    • Boright, John P., 360
    • Botha, P.K., 211
    • Bottaro Consalvi, Simon, 288
    • Bouillet, Jacques, 438
    • Bowdler, William G., 211
    • Bowie, Robert R., 228, 294, 375
    • Bradburn, David, 34, 35, 39, 43, 47, 48
    • Braswell, Arnold, 486
    • Bratton, Joseph K., 150
    • Bray, Charles W., III, 398, 400
    • Brayshaw, Charles, 448
    • Brazil (see also Brazilian Tlatelolco Treaty accession; Germany, Federal Republic of, nuclear sales to Brazil)
      • Acceptance of full-scope safeguards by, 395, 399, 412, 419, 433
      • Angra I reactor, 424, 461
      • Argentine agreement for nuclear cooperation, 461, 466
      • Argentine nuclear competition with, 401, 417, 422, 443, 445
      • Comprehensive test ban, 145, 146, 210, 211, 214, 224
      • Conventional arms transfers, 296, 297
      • European nuclear fuel transfers to, 396, 424
      • London Suppliers Group membership for, 335
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 318, 319, 320, 327, 364
      • Nuclear agreements with, 325, 461
      • Nuclear proliferation
        • Comprehensive test ban’s value against, 211, 224
        • In the post-INFCE era, 375
        • Nuclear power seen as status symbol, 342
        • U.S.-Brazilian talks on, 329
        • U.S. meeting with UN Delegates on, 359
        • U.S. position, 321, 357, 369, 397
      • Nuclear reprocessing by, 324, 361, 364, 412
      • Peaceful biological research, 119
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 211, 224, 404
      • Regional nuclear cooperation, 419
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 475, 501
      • U.S. nuclear aid to, 419
      • U.S. relations with, 397, 400, 403, 404, 439, 443
      • Venezuelan nuclear agreement with, 461
    • Brazilian Tlatelolco Treaty accession
    • Breakout, 6, 9, 11, 18, 27, 35
    • Breckon, Lyall, 65, 475, 494
    • Breeder reactors
      • Clinch River (CRBR), 322, 323, 330, 337, 364
      • Economy of, 396
      • French export of, 324
      • French position, 342
      • Funding for, 322
      • Gas-cooled, 346
      • Kalkar (FRG), 371
      • Liquid metal fast (LMFBRs), 334, 337
      • Proposal for research on, 346
      • Sodium, 346
      • Steering committee report on, 337
      • Thermal, 373, 377, 384
      • U.S. push for agreement on use of, 376
    • Brement, Marshall
      • Chemical weapons, 104, 122
      • Conventional arms transfers, 314
      • Nuclear testing, Soviet, 239, 253, 254
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, Nuclear testing, 253, 254
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112, 113, 129, 133
    • Bremer, L. Paul, 453, 454, 467
    • Brewster, Kingman, 229, 232, 233, 242, 308
    • Brezhnev, Leonid I.
      • ASAT, 5, 14, 20, 55, 56
      • Chemical weapons, 101
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • British withdrawal from negotiations, 242
        • Soviet acceptance of moratorium on peaceful nuclear explosions, 175, 176, 183
        • Soviet interest in, 142
        • Vance-Brezhnev discussions of, 153
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 236
        • Withdrawal provisions in, 206
      • Conventional arms transfers, 283, 309, 310
      • Meetings with Carter, 42, 55, 56, 236, 309, 310
      • Message exchanges with Carter, 5, 14, 20, 142, 145, 221
      • Negative security assurances, 492, 493, 498
      • Neutron bomb, 20
      • Nuclear proliferation, 332
      • Nuclear weapons production halt, 482
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 491
      • Speeches
        • 60th Anniversary, 176, 177
        • CPSU Central Committee (Nov. 1977), 482
        • TUC (Mar. 1977), 283
      • Threshold Test Ban Treaty (1974), 153
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 435, 437, 492
      • Toon meetings with, 177
      • Vance’s discussions with, 153, 332
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 55, 56, 101, 236
    • Bridges, Peter, 324
    • British Nuclear Fuels (BNF), 89
    • Brown, George S.
    • Brown, Harold:
      • ASAT:
        • Arms control approaches to, 9
        • Arms control decision paper, 7
        • Capabilities, 2, 4, 19, 22, 23, 24
        • Report from Office of Science and Technology Policy, 8
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 56
      • ASAT talks:
        • Approval of goals for, 11
        • Lasers, 26, 40
        • Options for, 31
        • PD–45, instructions for, 40
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 17, 29, 34, 35
        • Suspension of testing during, 28, 40
        • Third round, 46
        • U.S. framework for, 16
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201, 221
      • Chemical weapons:
        • Binary weapons funding requests, 95, 103
        • Congressional budgeting for facilities for stockpiling of, 75
        • JCS views on negotiations on, 100
        • U.S. policy and retaliatory capability, 132
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 101
        • Weteye bombs, 123, 124
      • Comprehensive test ban:
        • Carter discussions with DOD officials, proposed, 149
        • Carter-Gromyko discussions of, 201, 221
        • Carter meeting with nuclear laboratory officials on, 206
        • Consultations with Allied and Non-Aligned states, 216
        • JCS position, 148, 178, 220
        • Non-proliferation value of, 211, 224
        • Nuclear testing during, 191
        • On-site inspection quotas, 180
        • Peaceful nuclear explosions as accommodated in, 145, 147
        • Review conference proposals, 227, 231
        • SCC discussion of, 205, 207, 210
        • SCC work program for discussions of, 164
        • Three year approach, 210, 217
        • Trilateral negotiations, 160, 163, 166, 167, 216, 219, 257
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 236
      • Conventional arms transfers:
        • Coproduction limits, 268, 312
        • Dollar volume ceilings, 268
        • In FY 1977, 272, 277
        • Management of restraints on, 279, 280
        • New technology developed for export, 268
        • Of sensitive weapons, 268
        • PD/NSC–36, 292
        • Review of policies for promotion of, 274
        • SCC meetings on, 303
        • U.S. policy assessment on, 312, 313
        • U.S.-Soviet talks on, 303, 306, 307
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 309
      • High-energy lasers (HELs), 26
      • Interagency Committee on Public Diplomacy and Disarmament, 497
      • Mutual and balanced force reductions, 236
      • Negative security assurances, 498
      • Nuclear proliferation, 317, 375, 382
      • Nuclear testing:
        • Augmented program for, 230, 249, 256
        • ERDA review of ACDA recommendations on, 156
        • For FY 1977’s second half, 154
        • For FY 1978, 172, 173
        • Meaning of “yield” in TTBT, 158
        • Soviet high-yield, 255
        • Testing for SM–2, missile warheads, 161
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 188, 190, 192, 193, 197
      • Operation FULCRUM II, 155
      • PD/NSC–8, 330
      • PD/NSC–13, 271
      • PD/NSC–15, 70, 72
      • PD/NSC–28, 81
      • PD/NSC–38, 200, 208
      • PD/NSC–39, 32
      • PD/NSC–45, 38
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 166, 169
      • PRM/NSC 12, 259
      • PRM/NSC 15, 317
      • PRM/NSC 16, 141, 146, 192
      • PRM/NSC 23, 5
      • PRM/NSC 27, 67
      • PRM/NSC 37, 86
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings:
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 478, 479
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 406, 407, 409, 413, 440
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 56, 101, 236, 309
    • Brown, Kent, 446, 448
    • Brussels Treaty (1948), 342
    • Brzezinski, Zbigniew:
      • ASAT:
        • Arms control approaches, 9
        • Arms control policy discussions, 10
        • Capabilities, 2, 18, 19, 21, 23, 25
        • PRC meetings on, 2, 5
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 56
      • ASAT talks:
        • Approval of goals for, 11, 18
        • Hostile acts agreement, 52
        • Initiation of process for, 1
        • Instructions for second round of, 37, 38
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 17, 31
      • Barnwell reprocessing plant, 323
      • Carter-Geisel talks, 433
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201, 221
      • Carter-Pérez talks, 432
      • CBW study proposal, 61
      • Chemical weapons:
        • Approval of U.S. posture for limitation of, 69
        • Binary weapons funding requests, 103
        • CD Working Group on, 105
        • JCS views on negotiations on, 100
        • Negotiations on, 70, 74
        • PRM–37, 86, 92
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 95, 97
        • Use in Asia of, 110
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 101
      • Clinch River reactor funding, 322, 323
      • Comprehensive test ban:
        • Callaghan message to Carter on, 215
        • Carter discussions with DOD officials, proposed, 149
        • Carter-Dobrynin discussions of, 142
        • Carter-Gromyko discussions of, 201, 221
        • Carter-Thatcher talks on, 242
        • CD working group on, 390
        • Consultations with Allied and Non-Aligned states, 216, 219
        • DOE position, 196
        • Fixed duration treaty, 197, 198
        • JCS position, 220
        • Non-proliferation value of, 211, 224
        • On-site inspections, 179
        • Peaceful nuclear explosions as accommodated by, 145, 147
        • Permitted experiments under, 202
        • Quadripartite discussions of, 157
        • SALT agreement ratification before CTB, 218
        • SCC discussions of, 207, 210, 248, 252
        • Three year approach, 210, 217
        • Trilateral negotiations:
          • Instructions for, 163, 170, 180, 181, 185, 219
          • Proposed strategy for, 166, 167
          • Review of U.S. strategy for, 216
          • Soviet acceptance of moratorium on peaceful nuclear explosions, 175, 183
          • U.S. preparation for, 160
        • U.S.-British discussions of, 159
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 153
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 236
      • Conventional arms transfers:
        • Amounts of, In FY 1977, 272, 277
        • Congressional notification of, 263, 265
        • Controls over promotion of, Regulations for, 261, 262
        • Coproduction limits, 268
        • Dobrynin-Brzezinski discussions of, 310
        • Dollar volume ceilings, 268
        • For new systems, 268
        • FY 1978 program, 286
        • FY 1979 ceiling, 302
        • Management of restraints on, 279, 280
        • New technology developed for export, 268
        • Of sensitive weapons, 268
        • PD/NSC–13, 270
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 266, 268, 286, 287, 290
        • Sales of C–130s, 276
        • U.S. policy assessment on, 313
        • U.S.-Soviet talks on:
          • Bartholomew-Mendelovich discussions, 311, 314
          • Dobrynin-Brzezinski discussions, 310
          • Guidance for, 304
          • PD/NSC–36, 291, 292
          • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 286, 287, 290
          • Reports on, 293
          • SCC meetings on, 295, 303, 306
          • U.S. Non-Paper on, 285
        • U.S.-Venezuelan talks on, 288
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 309, 310
      • Dobrynin’s discussions with, 310
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 347, 355, 374
      • Heavy water production technology exports to Argentina, 452, 454, 456, 457, 458
      • High-energy lasers (HELs), 15, 26
      • Interagency Committee on Public Diplomacy and Disarmament, 497
      • Latin American regional nuclear cooperation, 419
      • Meeting with Jay, 194
      • Negative security assurances, 492, 493
      • Nuclear fuel exports, 358, 362, 424, 463
      • Nuclear proliferation
        • Additional conditions for new nuclear cooperation agreements, 339
        • Carter-Fukuda talks on, 329
        • Carter-Giscard talks on, 361
        • Carter’s policy statement on, 331
        • Congressional concern over, 366
        • European-U.S. differences on, 365
        • French nuclear sales to Pakistan, 350
        • French policy on, 356
        • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 399, 401, 404, 427
        • In the post-INFCE era, 375, 382, 383
        • International restraints for slowing of, 323
        • London Suppliers Group expansion, 335
        • PD/NSC–8, 334, 336, 343
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 317, 328
        • Presidential decision on controls over reprocessing, 340
        • Smith’s final report on U.S. policy on, 395
        • Storage for foreign spent nuclear fuel, 343
        • U.S. policy toward, 371, 396
        • U.S.-Venezuelan talks on, 416
        • Vance’s trip to Brazil, 427
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 338, 340, 344, 351, 353, 354
      • Nuclear testing
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 188, 190, 192, 197
      • Operation FULCRUM II, 155, 161
      • PD/NSC–8, 334, 336, 343
      • PD/NSC–13, 270
      • PD/NSC–28, 81
      • PD/NSC–37, 27
      • PD/NSC–38, 200, 208
      • PD/NSC–39, 32
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 145, 147, 169, 183, 186
      • Policy Review Committee
      • PRM/NSC 12, 259
      • PRM/NSC 15, 317
      • PRM/NSC 16, 141
      • PRM/NSC 23, 5
      • PRM/NSC 27, 66, 69
      • PRM/NSC 37, 86, 92
      • Protected vs. illegal satellites, 44
      • Seismic stations, 222, 246
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings
      • Special Session on Disarmament
        • Carter’s decisions for, 492, 493
        • Conventional arms transfers, 480
        • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 483, 484, 485, 496
        • Four-power discussion of, 476
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 488, 489
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 109, 130, 133
      • Tlatelolco Treaty
        • Carter-Schmidt discussions of, 417
        • Cuban refusal for signing of, 441
        • DOD position, 440
        • JCS position, 440
        • Reservations made upon ratification of, 413
        • Soviet signing of, 435
        • U.S. adherence to, 406, 407, 408, 409
      • U.S.-Japanese agreement for Tokai, proposed, 351
      • U.S. nuclear reactor part exports to Argentina, 470
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 56, 101, 236, 309, 310
    • Buchheim, Robert
      • ASAT talks
        • Agenda for possible future rounds, 59
        • Dismantling of Soviet systems, 40
        • Second round, 39, 41
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 17, 29, 34, 35, 43, 59
        • Third round, 47, 48, 51
    • Buchsbaum, Solomon J., 8
    • Buckley, Sheila, 87, 88, 104, 129, 135
    • Buckley Airfield, 124
    • Bujon de L’Estaing, François, 369
    • Bulgaria, 471
    • Bundestag, 371
    • Burman, Allan V., 43, 59
    • Burns, David Allan, 89, 94
    • Burt, Richard, 57
    • Burundi, 471
    • Bushnell, John, 305, 468
    • Butcher, Suzanne, 58
    • Butcher, William, 251
    • Byrd, Robert, 115
    • Callaghan, Audrey, 191
    • Callaghan, James
      • Carter meetings with, 191, 192, 198, 499
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Message exchange with Carter on, 215, 218
        • SALT agreement ratification before CTB, 218
        • Talks with Carter on, 191, 192, 198
        • U.S.-British discussions of, 159
      • Conventional arms transfers, 299
      • Election loss to Conservatives, 229
      • Message exchange with Carter, 215, 218, 299
      • Negative security assurances, 498
      • Nuclear proliferation, 342
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 191, 192
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 491, 492, 499
    • Callen, Ivor, 244
    • Cambodia, use of chemical weapons in, 104, 106, 107, 108, 122, 126, 128
    • Canada
      • As London Suppliers Group member, 260, 317
      • Biological Weapons Convention Review Conference, 119
      • Chemical weapons, 76, 77, 89
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 491
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 355
      • Full-scope safeguards, 447, 457, 458, 462
      • Heavy water
        • Exports by, 426, 447
        • Full-scope safeguards on, 457
        • Production technology assistance to Argentina, 447, 448, 452, 454
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 372
      • Nuclear assistance to India by, 357
      • Nuclear processing plants, 372
      • Nuclear proliferation
        • Argentine-IAEA negotiations, 443
        • Desire for control of, 329, 364, 385
        • Full-scope safeguards for prevention of, 339, 347
        • In the post-INFCE era, 375
        • Nuclear fuel sales, 319, 327, 329, 364, 385
      • Nuclear reprocessing by France, 349
      • Seismic stations in, possible, 226
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 474, 483, 491, 494, 501
    • Canada-EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1959), 355
    • Canal Zone, 402, 406, 423
    • Carasales, Julio Cesar, 420
    • Carcinogens, 76
    • Carlson, David, 77, 87, 98, 108, 122, 126
    • Carnesale, Albert, 375, 384
    • Carrea, Antonio, 459, 466
    • Carrington, Lord Peter
      • Belize, 242
      • Comprehensive test ban, 242
      • Seismic stations, 232, 234, 240, 248
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 137
      • Vance discussions with, 242, 244, 245, 248
      • Vance-Thatcher meetings, 233
      • Visit to Washington (May 1980), 250
    • Carter, Hodding, III, 57, 104, 127, 316
    • Carter, James Earl
      • ASAT
        • Arms control decision paper, 7
        • Arms control policy discussions, 10
        • Operational testing for improvement of capabilities, 18, 22, 23, 24, 25
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 55, 56
      • ASAT talks
        • Approval of goals for, 11, 18
        • Desire for, 5, 6
        • Instructions for second round of, 37, 38
        • Priorities in, 36
        • Protected vs. illegal satellites, 42, 44
        • Space shuttle, 56
        • Third round, 50, 53
      • Barnwell reprocessing plant, 323, 364
      • Chemical weapons
        • Approval of U.S. posture for limitation of, 69
        • CD Working Group on, 105
        • Funding of binary weapons production, 95, 100
        • Negotiations on, 70
        • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 95, 97, 100
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 101
        • Weteye bombs, 123, 124
      • Chinese People’s Republic, 242
      • Clinch River reactor funding, 322, 323, 364
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • As campaign promise of, 140
        • Callaghan-Carter talks on, 191, 192, 198
        • Carter-Dobrynin discussions of, 142
        • CD working group on, 390, 391
        • Consultations with Allied and Non-Aligned states, 214, 219
        • Discussion, proposed, with DOD officials on, 149
        • Fixed duration treaty
          • Approval of, 199, 200
          • Carter-Gromyko discussions of, 201, 221
          • Three vs. five year options, 197, 198, 213
          • Three year approach, 218
        • Gromyko’s discussions of, 153, 168, 201, 212, 221
        • Meeting with nuclear laboratories officials on, 206, 209
        • Non-proliferation value of, 224
        • On-site inspections, 179, 182, 184
        • Permitted experiments under, 198, 202
        • Press statements on, 140, 144
        • SALT agreement ratification before CTB, 218, 221, 237
        • SCC work program for discussions of, 164
        • Thatcher’s discussions of, 242, 244, 245
        • Trilateral negotiations
          • British withdrawal from negotiations, 242
          • Changing approaches to issues in, 252
          • Instructions for, 163, 170, 180, 185
          • On-site inspections, 184
          • Proposed strategy for, 166
          • Review of U.S. strategy for, 214
          • Sessions of, 165, 195, 257
          • Soviet acceptance of moratorium on peaceful nuclear explosions, 175
          • Speeding up of, 199
        • U.S.-British discussions of, 159
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 153, 168, 201, 212, 221
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 236
      • Conference of the Committee on Disarmament, 204
      • Conventional arms transfers
        • Ceiling management in, 287
        • Concussion bomb sale ban, 263
        • Congressional notification of, 263, 265
        • Controls over promotion of, Regulations for, 261, 262
        • France as obstacle to limits on, 298, 299
        • FY 1979 ceiling, 301, 302
        • Gromyko’s discussions of, 278
        • Legislation on, 264
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 259, 268, 287
        • Presidential directive on, 270, 271, 277, 312
        • Sales of C–130s, 273, 275, 276
        • SCC meetings on, 295
        • Submission for approval through, 258
        • U.S. policy assessment on, 312, 313
        • U.S.-Soviet talks on, 285, 291, 292, 295
        • U.S.-Venezuelan talks on, 288
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 309, 310
      • Dobrynin’s talks with, CTB, 142
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 397, 399, 401, 403, 405, 412, 417, 426, 427
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 347, 355, 366, 372, 373, 374
      • Heavy water production technology exports to Argentina, 457
      • High-energy lasers (HELs), 15, 26
      • Latin American regional nuclear cooperation, 419
      • Meetings
      • Messages
      • Namibia, 242
      • Negative security assurances, 492, 493, 498
      • Neutron bomb, 20
      • NPT Review Conference, 390, 391, 393
      • Nuclear fuel exports, 358, 424, 463
      • Nuclear Non-proliferation Act signed by, 366
      • Nuclear proliferation
        • Additional conditions for new nuclear cooperation agreements, 339
        • Carter-Fukuda talks on, 329
        • French policy on, 356
        • Full-scope safeguards, 430
        • G–7, summit discussion of, 342, 344
        • In the post-INFCE era, 375, 378, 382, 383
        • International restraints for slowing of, 323
        • London Suppliers Group expansion, 359
        • PD/NSC–8, 330, 334, 336
        • Policy review for, 317
        • Presidential decision on controls over reprocessing, 340
        • Quadripartite discussions of, 326
        • Smith’s final report on U.S. policy on, 395
        • Statement of fuel cycle evaluation program policy, 331, 333, 338
        • Storage for foreign spent nuclear fuel, 343
        • U.S.-French talks on, 349, 355, 361
        • U.S. policy toward, 364
        • U.S. strategy for, 379
        • U.S.-Venezuelan talks on, 416
        • Vance’s trip to Brazil, 426, 427
      • Nuclear reprocessing
      • Nuclear testing, 161, 172, 235, 254, 255, 256
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 191, 192, 193
      • Operation FULCRUM II, 161
      • PD/NSC–8, 330, 334, 336
      • PD/NSC–13, 270, 271
      • PD/NSC–15, 70
      • PD/NSC–28, 81
      • PD/NSC–37, 27
      • PD/NSC–38, 200, 203
      • PD/NSC–39, 32
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 170, 171, 183, 186
      • Press conferences of, 145, 344
      • PRM/NSC 12, 259, 260
      • PRM/NSC 15, 317
      • PRM/NSC 16, 141
      • PRM/NSC 27, 66, 69
      • PRM/NSC 37, 86
      • Seismic station numbers, 208
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 57, 245
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 31, 95, 97, 100, 295, 390
      • Special Session on Disarmament
      • Speeches
        • At SSOD (proposed), 486, 488, 489, 491, 492, 493
        • During campaign (San Diego, Sept. 1976), 325, 339
        • During campaign (United Nations, May 1976), 397
        • Inaugural (Jan. 1977), 142
        • INFCE organizing conference (Oct. 1977), 364, 373
        • OAS Permanent Council (Apr. 1977), 410, 419
        • Pan American Day (Apr. 1977), 406, 440
        • To USDA employees (Feb. 1977), 403
        • UNGA (Mar. 1977), 473, 479, 482, 485, 499
        • UNGA (Oct. 1977), 171, 486, 492
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 414, 417, 420, 422, 426, 432, 464
      • U.S.-Mexican relations, 444
      • U.S. nuclear reactor part exports to Argentina, 470
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 245
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 55, 56, 101, 236, 309, 310
      • Visits
        • Brasilia (Nov. 1977), 424
        • Brasilia (Apr. 1978), 433
        • Caracas (Mar. 1978), 288, 432
        • France (Jan. 1978), 361
        • India (Jan. 1978), 364
        • Iran (Dec. 1977–Jan. 1978), 364
        • London (May 1977), 342, 344, 412
        • Panama (June 1978), 441
        • Tokyo (1979), 240, 250
        • Vienna (June 1979), 55, 56, 101, 236, 309, 310
    • Carter, Rosalyn, 415, 416
    • Cartledge, Brian, 233
    • Carvalho, Hervesio de, 461
    • Casteñeda y Álvarez de la Rosa, Jorge, 450, 464
    • Castro, Fidel, 441
    • Castro, Raul H., 439, 466
    • Castro Madera, Carlos, 422, 429, 439, 450, 459, 468
    • CAT. See Conventional arms transfers.
    • Cavazos, Richard E., 266
    • CBU–72, concussion bombs, 263
    • Cecchini, Louis, 430
    • Central Europe, 139
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
      • “Arms Sales to the Third World, 1977” (Intelligence Assessment), 300
      • ASAT talks
        • Second round, 39, 41
        • Soviet interest and objectives in, 60
        • Third round, 47, 48, 51, 54
        • U.S. framework for, 16
      • “Chemical Warfare in Laos” (CIA paper), 104
      • Comprehensive test ban, 180, 184, 222
      • Conventional arms transfers, 274, 297, 300
      • “Deadlock at the NPT Review Conference: Causes and Consequences” (Intelligence Assessment), 394
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 401
      • “Latin American Arms Market: Changing Patterns of Supply” (Intelligence Assessment), 297
      • Negative security assurances, 385
      • Non-Proliferation Treaty, 368, 370, 385
      • “The NPT Review Conference: A Preview” (Intelligence Assessment), 385
      • Nuclear fuel access, 358
      • “The Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty: Looking Toward the 1980 Review” (CIA Paper), 368
      • Nuclear proliferation, 342
      • “The Politics of INFCE” (CIA Paper), 370
      • Seismic station numbers, 222
      • “Significance of Recent Developments in Argentine Nuclear Policy” (Intelligence Report), 431
      • “Soviet Civil Defense Against Chemical and Biological Warfare” (Intelligence Assessment), 85
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 109
      • U.S.-Argentine relations, 443
      • U.S.-Brazilian relations, 443
    • Challenge inspections, 82, 182, 184
    • Chaplin, Maxwell, 420, 466
    • Chapman, Ray E., 486
    • Chayes, Abraham, 375
    • Chemical and biological warfare, 81
    • Chemical explosions, 223
    • Chemical warfare, 95, 132
    • Chemical weapons (CW)
      • Approval of U.S. posture for limitation of, 69
      • British draft UNGA resolution, 89
      • Canadian/Polish draft UNGA resolution on, 77
      • CCD focus on limitations on, 61
      • CCD role in discussion of, 63, 66, 89, 94, 98, 102
      • Challenge inspections of, 82
      • Chinese People’s Republic’s capabilities for use of, 90
      • Chinese People’s Republic’s ratification of treaty on, 74, 94, 101
      • Congressional attitude toward, 96, 97
      • Consultation with Allies on, 87, 89, 94, 106, 107, 126
      • Disposition of, 73
      • DOD position, 78
      • Facilities for, 80, 88, 89, 94, 99
      • FRG draft treaty on, 69
      • Funding for binary weapons
      • Herbicides, 81, 118
      • House Resolution against use in Indochina of, 104
      • Incapacitants, 71, 81
      • Irritants, 76, 99, 118
      • Legislation on, 69
      • NATO attitude toward, 96
      • NATO capabilities for, 123, 132
      • NATO disarmament experts discussion of, 65
      • NATO study on, proposed, 94
      • Negotiations on (see also Verifications below):
        • Agreed key elements proposal, 71, 73
        • Briefing of allies on, 76
        • CD working group, 98, 104, 105, 118, 136
        • Confidence-building measures for, 70, 73, 94
        • Convention on, 79, 86
        • Destruction of stocks, 94, 136
        • Development of joint initiative through, 77
        • Drafting group issues, 102
        • During SSOD, 79, 83
        • Focus for, 90
        • Guidance for U.S. Delegation, 79, 83, 88, 98, 108, 126
        • JCS position, 100
        • Joint U.S.-Soviet statements, 98
        • Presentation of Soviet draft convention during, 73
        • Progress report on, 126
        • Rounds:
        • Soviet foreign policy as affected by, 283
        • Soviet position, 82
        • Soviet slowdown in, 128, 136
        • Staffing of Delegations for, 102
        • Stalemate in, 80
        • U.S. objectives in, 63, 69
        • U.S.-Soviet working group, 65, 76, 118
        • U.S. support for, 138
        • U.S. topics for discussion in, 69, 83
        • Use of CW in Asia as topic in, 108, 126, 128
      • Nerve gas, 82
      • No-first-use policy on, 81
      • Non-circumvention of agreements on, 90, 98
      • Non-transfer of, 90, 98
      • PD/NSC–15, 70, 72, 78, 81, 86, 95
      • PD/NSC–28, 81
      • Precursors, 76, 82, 90, 98, 118
      • PRM/NSC 27, 66, 67, 69
      • PRM/NSC 37, 86, 92, 95
      • Quadrilateral consultations on, 87, 89, 94, 106, 107, 126
      • Research and development of, 75
      • Riot-control agents, 74, 76, 81, 82, 84, 99
      • Soviet Civil Defense against, 85
      • Soviet draft treaty on, 69, 73
      • Soviet stockpiles of, 94
      • Soviet superiority in, 68, 69
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings on
        • Formation of CD Working Group, 104
        • Funding for binary weapons, 95, 96, 97, 100, 103, 139
        • Reviews of U.S. policy, 67, 86, 92
        • U.S. military options, 68
      • Study proposal on, 61
      • Teratogens, 76
      • Toxicity criteria for, 73, 80, 82, 84, 88, 118, 136
      • Treaty ratification by UNSC permanent members, 74, 76, 101, 118
      • UN Committee on Disarmament’s instructions on, 98
      • U.S.-British consultations on, 70, 79, 83, 87, 89
      • U.S.-Federal Republic of Germany consultations on, 63, 70, 79, 83
      • U.S.-French consultations on, 70, 79, 83, 106, 107, 110
      • U.S. military options for, 68
      • U.S. overseas stocks of, 139
      • U.S. policy toward, 61, 81, 132
      • U.S. retaliatory capability, 132
      • U.S. stockpiles of
        • Congressional budgeting for, 75
        • Deadline for destruction of, 88, 96
        • Deficiencies in, 95
        • In Federal Republic of Germany, 81
        • Options for, 95
        • Reduction of, 78
        • Retention of, 68, 72
      • Use in Asia of
        • Call for international investigation of, 122
        • Quadrilateral discussions of, 106, 107, 126
        • Reports of, 104, 132
        • U.S. briefing of allies on, 125
        • U.S. statements in CW talks, 108, 126, 128
        • U.S. strategy for, 110
        • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 117
        • Weapon and Space Systems Intelligence Committee report on, 111
      • Use in Cambodia, 104, 106, 107, 108, 122, 126, 128
      • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 64, 65, 66, 69, 73
      • Verification
        • Differences over, 73, 74, 136
        • FRG position, 89, 94
        • On-site inspections, 84, 107, 118
        • Possibilities of, 87
        • U.S.-British discussion of, 89
        • U.S. position, 68, 69, 80, 126
        • U.S.-Soviet discussion of, 71, 102, 118
      • Vienna Summit discussion of, 101
      • Weteye bombs, 123, 124
      • World War I casualties from, 69
    • Chemical Weapons Backstopping Committee, 100
    • Chernenko, Konstantin U., 56, 101, 236, 309
    • Chile
      • Ayacucho Declaration, 288
      • Comprehensive test ban, 146
      • Conventional arms transfers, 296, 297
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 436
      • Nuclear weapons development by, 415
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 419, 434, 435, 436, 449
    • Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission (CCEN), 436
    • China, People’s Republic of
      • As NPT non-signer, 364
      • Carter-Thatcher discussions of, 242
      • CD role of, 104
      • Chemical weapons capabilities of, 90
      • Chemical weapons treaty ratification by, 74, 94, 101
      • Comprehensive test ban
      • Conventional arms transfers, 282, 283, 303, 304
      • Nuclear accident reporting, 488
      • Nuclear proliferation, 375
      • Nuclear testing by, 146
      • OPANAL, 449
      • Pakistani nuclear weapons development, 376
      • Satellites of, 42, 43, 45, 47
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 94
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 494, 501
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 406
      • U.S. relations with, 146, 163
      • U.S. space cooperation with, 60
      • Vance visit (1977), 351
    • Christopher, Warren M.
      • Argentine-U.S. relations, 468
      • ASAT talks, 29, 43
      • ASAT testing, 34, 35
      • Chemical weapons, 68, 77, 79, 88, 96
      • Comprehensive test ban, 224, 252
      • Conventional arms transfers
        • Controls over promotion of, 261
        • France as obstacle to limits on, 298
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 266
        • U.S.-Soviet talks on, 281, 294, 295, 303, 304
      • Dobrynin’s discussions with, 131
      • FRG nuclear sales to Argentina, 462
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 389, 400, 401, 404, 405, 412
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 355
      • NPT Review Conference, 389
      • Nuclear proliferation, 321, 335, 340, 377, 381, 382, 383
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 351, 353, 354
      • Policy Review Committee meetings, 68, 381
      • PRM/NSC 23, 5
      • Soviet high-yield nuclear testing, 254
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings
        • ASAT, 29, 34, 35, 43
        • Chemical weapons, 96
        • Comprehensive test ban, 252
        • Conventional arms transfers, 281, 294, 295, 303
        • Nuclear testing, 254
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 473, 491, 496
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112, 113, 129, 130
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 414
    • Church, Frank F., 115, 375
    • Civil Defense, 85
    • Clapp, Priscilla, 282, 295, 299, 305
    • Clark, Richard C., 269
    • Classification of information, 27
    • Classified documents, 93, 451
    • Claytor, W. Graham, Jr., 253, 254, 381, 468
    • Clift, Denis, 376
    • Clinch River breeder reactor (CRBR) project, 322, 323, 330, 337, 364
    • CNEA (Argentine Commission on Atomic Energy), 422, 429, 459
    • Co-orbital jamming, 8
    • Coal mining, 427
    • Cochran, Thomas, 337
    • Coll, Jorge, 422, 445, 459
    • Colombia, 401, 419, 441, 471, 494
    • Combs, Richard, 122, 387
    • Command-and-control capability, 6
    • Commerce, U.S. Department of, 245, 468, 470
    • Commercial arms sales, 260, 261
    • Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), 476
    • Committee on Disarmament (CD) (see also Conference of the Committee on Disarmament)
      • Chemical weapons
        • Australian proposal for technical seminars, 106
        • CD instructions on, 98
        • Destruction of stocks of, 94
        • Negotiating working group on, 98, 104, 105, 118, 136
        • Progress report on negotiations, 126
        • Quadrilateral discussions of, 107
        • U.S. discussion on, 98, 104, 105, 118, 136
        • Use in Asia of, 106, 110
        • Work on CW convention in, Soviet position, 102
      • Chinese People’s Republic’s role in, 104
      • Comprehensive test ban treaty
    • Comprehensive test ban (CTB) (see also On-site inspections; Peaceful nuclear explosions; SCC meetings on comprehensive test ban; Seismic stations; Verification)
      • Algerian position, 146
      • Allied views in UN context on, 144
      • Articles of proposed treaty, 212, 231
      • As Carter’s campaign promise, 140
      • ASAT test ban’s affect on, 40
      • Australian position, 144
      • Black boxes, 163, 180
      • Brazilian participation in, 145, 146, 210
      • British position, 143, 171, 179, 215
      • British role in, 159, 187
      • Carter discussion with DOD officials, proposed, 149
      • Carter-Dobrynin discussions of, 142
      • Carter-Gromyko discussions of, 153, 168, 201, 212, 221
      • Carter’s press statements on, 140, 144
      • CCD role in, 204
      • CCD talks on, 153, 164, 214
      • CD working group on
        • As discussed in NPT Review Conference, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 393
        • Committee on Disarmament consideration of, 394
        • JCS position, 390
        • Soviet proposal for, 126
        • Special Coordination Committee discussion of, 386, 388, 390
        • Trilateral negotiations as affected by, 390, 393
      • Challenge inspections, 182, 184
      • Chemical explosions as verification obstacle, 223
      • Chilean position, 146
      • Chinese People’s Republic’s adherence to
      • Consultations with Allied and Non-Aligned states, 214, 216, 219
      • Coordination of language in Special Session on Disarmament on, 494
      • Criteria for renewal of, 203
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 491
      • Danish position, 144
      • DOD position, 148, 178, 192
      • DOE position, 196
      • Dutch position, 144
      • Egyptian position, 146
      • Entry into force of treaty on, 165, 166, 205
      • Fixed duration treaty
      • French adherence to
        • British position, 159
        • International pressure for, 166, 168
        • Refusal to negotiate, 146, 157
        • Soviet position, 176, 177, 192
        • U.S.-French discussions of, 152
        • U.S. position, 142, 143, 159
      • Icelandic position, 144
      • Implementing options for, 146
      • Indian participation in
        • Agreement for, possible, 210
        • British position, 194
        • Indian position, 204, 211, 213, 364
        • U.S. desire for, 145
        • U.S. resumption of testing, effect on, 198
      • Indonesian position, 146
      • Italian position, 143, 144
      • Japanese position, 144
      • JCS position
        • Fixed duration treaty, 197, 198, 220, 232
        • JCS memorandum on, 203
        • Non-proliferation value of, 211, 220
        • PRM/NSC 16, 148, 149
        • Questions for developing of, 178
        • Three-year approach, 210
      • Mexican position, 144
      • NATO perspectives on, 143
      • New Zealand position, 144
      • Nigerian position, 144
      • Non-proliferation value of, 146, 210, 211, 220, 224, 225, 348
      • Norwegian position, 144
      • Nuclear testing during, 191, 202
      • Nuclear weapons design laboratories directors’ positions, 198, 206, 209, 210
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability under, 146, 178, 188, 192, 213
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions (PNEs) under
        • As accommodated under, 145, 147
        • As problem for verification, 146, 195
        • DOD position, 167, 169
        • ERDA opposition to, 160
        • Soviet acceptance of moratorium on, 175, 176, 183, 189, 199, 212
        • Soviet protocol for, 182
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 153, 168
      • Periodic treaty review, 193
      • Permitted experiments
      • Portuguese position, 144
      • Preamble to treaty, 252
      • Presidential Directive on (proposed), 210
      • Quadrilateral discussions of, 157
      • Ratification provisions for extension of, 198, 200, 208, 227
      • Replacement treaty problem, 227
      • Safeguards in, 102, 359
      • Safeguards Plan, 200, 205, 207, 210
      • SALT linkage with
      • Self-regulation of, 193
      • Senate ratification of, prospects for, 212
      • Senate ratification provision for treaty extensions, 198, 200, 208, 227
      • South African position, 146, 211, 224
      • Soviet draft treaties, 160, 165, 251
      • Soviet expression of interest in, 140, 142, 146
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as affecting, 244, 250
      • Spanish position, 146, 211
      • Sverdlovsk incident’s effect on, 248
      • Swedish position, 144, 160, 184
      • Talks seen as unproductive, 241, 250
      • Treaty renewal, 203, 228, 231
      • Trilateral negotiations
        • British position, 171
        • British withdrawal from, 236, 237, 240, 242
        • CD working group, effect on, 390, 393
        • Changing approaches to issues in, 252
        • Continuation during NPT Review Conference of, 244
        • Duration of treaty, proposals for, 180, 182
        • ERDA assessment of, 189
        • Failure to complete before NPT Review Conference, 232, 237
        • Guidance for, 228
        • Lack of progress in, 237, 257
        • New Soviet instructions on, 174, 177
        • Peaceful nuclear explosions issue as obstacle to agreement in, 165
        • Progress in before NPT Review Conference, 240, 248
        • Proposed strategy for, 166, 167, 174
        • Review of U.S. strategy for, 214, 216
        • Scheduling of initial talks, 162
        • Sessions
        • Soviet acceptance of moratorium on peaceful nuclear explosions, 175, 176, 183, 189, 199, 212
        • Speeding up of, 199
        • Status of verification issues at, 223
        • Timing for, likely, 195
        • U.S.-British discussions of, 159
        • U.S. instructions for, 163, 170, 180, 181, 185, 219
        • U.S. preparations for, 160
        • U.S. proposed memorandum for Dobrynin on, 166
        • Weakening of Soviet position on peaceful nuclear explosions, 171, 189
        • Working groups, 247
      • Turkish position, 144, 146
      • U.S. advocacy for multilateral adoption of, 151
      • U.S.-British discussions of
      • U.S.-Chinese People’s Republic discussions of, 151
      • U.S. negotiating position finalization, 160
      • U.S. Non-Paper on, 243
      • U.S.-Soviet exploratory discussions (June 1977), 162
      • U.S.-Soviet relations as affected by, 146
      • U.S. statements on, 146
      • Vance-Brezhnev discussions of, 153
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 243
      • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 153, 165, 168, 212, 223
      • Verification
        • As obstacle to agreement on PNEs, 146, 195
        • As primary Soviet concern in negotiations, 189
        • British role in, 187
        • By national technical means, 156, 160, 209, 212
        • Capability for, 146, 163
        • DOE position, 196
        • Group of 77, position on, 390, 391
        • International seismic data exchange, 189
        • OSTP review, 230
        • Peaceful nuclear explosions as problem for, 146
        • Prenotification of chemical explosions, 223
        • Role in Senate ratification of, 212
        • Status of verification issues at trilateral negotiations, 223
        • Swedish proposals, 153, 160, 184
        • Treaty length and, 213
        • U.S.-British discussions of, 244
        • U.S.-Soviet discussions of, 153, 165, 182
      • Warnke-Petrosyants discussion of, 199
      • Withdrawal from treaty on, 176, 177, 184, 189, 190, 206
      • Yugoslav position, 144
      • Zero-yield testing, 202
    • Conference of Non-Aligned Nations (Colombo, 1976), 471
    • Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (CCD) (see also Committee on Disarmament)
      • Allied views on, 144
      • Ban on new weapons systems (proposed), 153
      • Chemical weapons
        • British draft resolution on, 89
        • Convention on, 79, 86
        • Limitation as focus of, 61
        • Role in discussion of, 63, 66, 89, 94, 98, 102
      • Comprehensive test ban, 160, 163, 164, 195, 204, 214, 247
      • Conclusion of, 84
      • French role in, 494
      • Genetic engineering, 89
      • Reconstitution of, 212
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 475, 494
      • Structural revisions of, possible, 473
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 437
    • Confidence-building, 70, 73, 94, 478
    • Congdon, Michael, 65, 402, 473, 477
    • Congress, Acts of (see also Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act)
      • Environmental Policy Act, 69
      • Foreign Assistance Act, 269
      • Humphrey-Kennedy Amendment, 468
      • International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act (1976), 260, 263, 264
      • P.L. 480, 376
      • Security Assistance Authorization for FY 1978 (1977), 264
      • Symington Amendment, 376
      • U.S.-Venezuelan discussion of, 432
    • Congress, U.S. (see also Congress, Acts of)
      • ASAT program funding by, 35
      • Chemical weapons
        • Attitudes toward, 96, 97
        • Budgeting for R&D on, 75
        • Funding for binary weapons production facility, 95, 100, 103, 132
        • Legislation on, 69
        • Use in Asia of, 110
        • Weteye bombs, 123, 124
      • Conventional arms transfers
        • Notification of Ford administration-era sales, 260, 262, 263, 265
        • Restraint as objective in, 302
        • State Department strategy for limits on, 286
        • To Israel, 265
        • Vance’s report on, 316
      • Full-scope safeguards, 361
      • Nuclear Non-proliferation Act as guidance for, 366
      • Nuclear proliferation, 366, 383
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 364, 381
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 188, 190
      • Plutonium exports, 352, 353
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 488
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 115, 127, 129
    • Consalvi Bottaro, Simon Alberto, 416, 430, 432
    • Constitution, U.S., 166
    • Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (1972), 39
    • Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (1975), 39
    • Conventional arms transfers (CAT) (see also Conventional arms transfers to Africa; Conventional arms transfers to Iran; Conventional arms transfers to Latin America)
      • Allied discussion of (proposed), 298
      • Ammunition re-supply, 263, 265
      • Assessment of policy on, 312, 313
      • Carter-Brezhnev discussions of, 309
      • Ceiling management in, 286, 287, 312
      • Channels for, 261
      • Congressional notification of Ford administration-era sales, 260, 262, 263, 265
      • Controls over promotion of, 260, 261, 262, 270, 271, 274
      • Coproduction limits, 268, 270, 271, 285, 303, 304, 312
      • Deferral of requests for, 263
      • Dollar volume ceilings on, 258, 268, 270, 271, 277
      • Employment of U.S. citizens for overseas projects, 268
      • Exemption from controls on, 268, 269, 270, 271
      • For new systems, 268
      • France as obstacle to limits on, 299
      • From Israel, 297
      • From the Soviet Union, 283, 288, 297, 300
      • FY 1977 amounts, 268, 272, 277, 300
      • FY 1978 program, 286, 287, 302
      • FY 1979 ceiling, 301, 302
      • FY 1980 sales, 312
      • Incentives for stimulation of, 268
      • Interim restraint measures (IRMs), 304
      • International Traffic in Arms regulations, 273
      • Legislation on, 264
      • London Suppliers Group guidelines as precedent for agreement on, 284, 285
      • Management of restraints on, 279, 280
      • Multilateral restraints on
        • British position, 267, 308
        • Efforts for encouragement of, 260
        • French position, 267, 298, 299, 308
        • FRG position, 267, 308
        • JCS position, 301
        • Lack of progress in, 312, 313
        • LDC position, 481
        • Mondale’s talks with allies on, 258
        • Presidential directive on, 270, 271, 277, 312
        • Soviet attitudes toward, 283
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 267
      • New technology developed for export, 268
      • OAS discussion of, 296
      • Pipeline and pending sales, 260, 262
      • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 266, 268, 286, 287, 290, 291
      • Qualitative and quantitative controls, 312
      • Reduction in amount of, 258, 260, 261, 296, 302, 303
      • Regional Working Groups, 295
      • Significant combat equipment, 261, 270, 271, 273, 275
      • Soviet paper on, 315
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings on, 281, 294, 295, 303, 306
      • Special Session on Disarmament
        • LDC resistance to restraints, 481
        • Program of Action on, 296, 299, 304
        • U.S. initiatives, 478, 481, 492
        • U.S. restraint on sales, 281
        • U.S. vulnerabilities in, 480, 481
      • State Department strategy for limits on, 286
      • Study on consequences of, 280
      • Submission for approval to Carter, 258
      • Supplier/recipient consultations, 304
      • Third party transfers, 268, 285, 312
      • To Australia, 268, 269, 270, 271
      • To Egypt, 263, 268, 283
      • To Iraq, 283, 300
      • To Israel, 263, 265, 267, 268, 269, 271, 289
      • To Japan, 268, 269, 270, 271
      • To Korean Republic, In FY 1977, 268
      • To low-income countries, 268
      • To Middle East, 283
      • To NATO members in FY 1977, 268
      • To New Zealand, 268, 269, 270, 271
      • To Pakistan, 268
      • To Persian Gulf states, 260, 263, 280, 304
      • To Peru, 263, 283, 297
      • To Saudi Arabia, 268, 300
      • To Spain, 268
      • To the Third World (CIA paper), 300
      • Types of, 260
      • U.S. policy on
        • Assessment of, 312, 313
        • Carter administration’s review of, 258, 259
        • CIA review of, 274
        • Disagreements on, 268
        • Latin American transfers, 266
        • PD/NSC–13, 270, 271, 277, 312
      • U.S.-Soviet talks on
        • ACDA position, 290, 295, 307
        • Bartholomew-Mendelevich discussions, 311, 314, 315
        • Briefing of Chinese People’s Republic on, 282
        • Carter-Gromyko discussions, 278
        • Dobrynin-Brzezinski discussions, 310
        • DOD position, 290, 294, 295, 306
        • Guidance for, 304
        • Israeli sales, 297
        • Latin America, 290, 293, 296, 303, 304, 305, 314
        • Mexico City, Dec. 1978, 303, 304, 305
        • PD/NSC–36, 291, 292
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 286, 287, 290, 291
        • Regional vs. functional emphasis in, 289, 290
        • Reports on, 284, 293, 296, 305
        • SCC meetings on, 281, 294, 295, 303, 306
        • Soviet areas of focus in, 304
        • Soviet attitudes and approaches to, 283, 289
        • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as affecting, 57, 316
        • Stalling of, 316
        • Three-part framework for, 296
        • U.S. embassy Moscow perspectives on, 283, 289
        • U.S. Non-Paper on, 285
        • U.S.–ROK discussions of, 303
        • U.S. strategy on, 260, 281
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions, 260, 267, 278
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions, 267, 315
        • Western European views on, 308
      • U.S.-Venezuelan talks on, 288
      • Vance meeting with Senators on, 269
      • Vance’s report to Congress on, 316
    • Conventional arms transfers to Africa
    • Conventional arms transfers to Iran
      • AWACS aircraft purchase request, 263, 277, 278, 287
      • Electronic countermeasures systems, 263
      • In FY 1977, 268, 278, 300
      • Limitation of, 269
      • Soviet position, 267, 283, 289
      • Studies of, 260, 280
      • TOW missile launcher kits, 263
      • U.S.-Soviet talks on, 303
    • Conventional arms transfers to Latin America
      • British, 288, 297
      • By Federal Republic of Germany, 297
      • Changing patterns of supply, 297
      • French, 288, 297
      • Israeli, 297
      • Latin American and Caribbean conventional weapons meetings, 296, 299, 304, 305
      • Limitation of, 283
      • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 266, 290
      • Self-restraint in, 296
      • Soviet, 283, 288, 297
      • Study on consequences of, 280
      • U.S. policy, 499
      • U.S.-Soviet talks on, 290, 293, 296, 303, 304, 305, 314
      • Western European, 297
    • Coon, Jane, 341, 381
    • Cooper, Frank, 232, 242
    • Coprocessing, 344, 353
    • Coproduction limits, 268, 270, 271, 285, 303, 304, 312
    • Corden, Pierre, 159
    • COREDIF, 328
    • Cotter, Donald H., 150
    • Council of Europe, 476
    • Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), 322, 358
    • Coutinho, Dirciu, 461
    • Crimmins, John
    • Crocker, Gary, 122
    • Cuba (see also Cuban Tlatelolco Treaty accession)
      • As SSOD PrepCom member, 471
      • Conventional arms transfers, 283, 295
      • Missile crisis (1962), 304
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 421
      • Soviet combat brigade in, 314, 315
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 418
    • Cuban Tlatelolco Treaty accession
      • ACDA memorandum on, 407
      • As requirement for entry into force of treaty, 406, 435
      • Colombian representations over, 441
      • Cuban conditions for, 421, 423, 434
      • Cuban refusal of, 441, 450, 465
      • Guantanamo’s inclusion and, 402, 434
      • Nuclearization of Puerto Rico and, 423
      • OPANAL position, 423, 450
      • Soviet encouragement of, 415, 423
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and, 465
      • Soviet signing and, 418, 435
      • U.S. support of Latin American encouragement of, 415
    • Cubillos Sallato, Hernan, 436
    • Culbertson, Philip, 35, 59
    • Cunningham, George, 381
    • Cunningham, Woody, 468
    • Cutter, W. Bowman, 5, 17
    • Cyprus, 471
    • Czechoslovakia, 6, 283, 359, 471
    • Dalton, James E., 100
    • DANBO nuclear test, 154, 161
    • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), 6, 16
    • Dashiell, Thomas, 139
    • Davies, Thomas D.
      • Chemical weapons, 63, 79, 83, 87, 88, 108, 126
      • Comprehensive test ban, 159, 207, 210
      • House testimony of, 104
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 207, 210
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 129
    • Davis, Dickson, 286
    • Davis, Jack, 468
    • Davis, Lynn, 68, 104, 135, 286, 486
    • Declaration on Disarmament, 477
    • Defense, British Ministry of (MOD), 159
    • Defense, Soviet Ministry of, 128
    • Defense, U.S. Department of (DOD) (see also Office of the Secretary of Defense)
      • ASAT talks, 28, 34, 35, 37, 44
      • Chemical weapons
        • Binary weapons funding, 100, 103, 132
        • Intra-departmental differences over, 68, 69
        • PD/NSC–15, 78
        • PRM/NSC 27, 66
        • U.S. policy toward, 61
        • Use in Asia of, 110, 122
        • Weteye bombs, 123, 124
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Carter discussion, proposed, 149
        • Fixed duration treaty, 197
        • On-site inspections, 184
        • Permitted experiments, 178, 188
        • Position on, 148, 178, 192
        • Proposed strategy for trilateral negotiations, 167
      • Conventional arms transfers
        • CIA review of policies for promotion of, 274
        • FY 1977 amounts, 272
        • FY 1978 program, 287
        • Lockheed sales of C–130 aircraft, 273
        • Regulations for controls over promotion of, 261
        • U.S.-Soviet talks, 290, 294, 295, 306
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 489, 490, 492
      • DOE cooperation with, 178, 484
      • Hostile acts in space, 29, 31
      • Japanese reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, 344
      • Nuclear fuel, 358, 392
      • Nuclear testing, 161, 254, 256
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 188, 192, 202
      • Operation FULCRUM II, 155
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 167, 169, 183
      • PRM/NSC 16, 146, 148, 192
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 489, 490, 492
      • Technology transfers to the Soviet Union, 245
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 409, 440
    • Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), 6, 16
    • Deming, Rust, 369
    • Democratic Party, 140
    • Denend, Leslie G.
    • Denmark, 76, 144, 364, 474, 501
    • Desai, Morarji
      • Carter meetings with, 361
      • Comprehensive test ban, 204, 206, 211, 224
      • Full-scope safeguards, 482
      • Nuclear proliferation, 357, 361, 364
      • Resignation as Prime Minister of, 372
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 491, 492
    • Détente, 499
    • Detinov, Nikolay N., 168, 201, 221, 487
    • Deutsch, John, 112
    • Development and disarmament
      • Backstopping Committee report on, 486
      • SSOD’s endorsement of, 119
      • U.S. approaches to, 478, 494
      • U.S. guidance for discussion of, 475
      • U.S. initiatives for, 481
      • Yugoslav position, 477
    • Devine, James, 346
    • Diaz Bessone, Ramón G., 422
    • Diego Garcia, 251
    • Diet, Japanese, 353
    • Dinneen, Gerald, 43
    • Disarmament (see also Special Session on Disarmament)
      • CIA Intelligence Assessment, 394
      • Declaration on, 494
      • Development and, 119, 475, 477, 478, 481, 486, 494
      • Experts meetings, 65, 143, 471, 474
      • Indian position, 471
      • Machinery for, 494
      • Nuclear proliferation’s affect on, 477
      • Sri Lankan position, 471
      • Ten Year Program for, 486, 488
      • U.S. eight objectives in, 495
      • Yugoslav position, 471, 477
    • Dobbins, James F., Jr., 152, 157, 326, 357, 476
    • Dobrynin, Anatoly F.
      • ASAT, Vienna Summit discussion of, 55, 56
      • ASAT talks
        • Démarche on, 49, 50
        • Hostile acts agreement, 52
        • Illegal satellites, 53
        • U.S. démarche on, 49, 50
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 12, 13, 49, 50
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 3, 55
      • Brzezinski’s discussions with, 310
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201, 221
      • Chemical weapons, 64, 101, 117
      • Christopher’s discussions with, 131
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Carter-Dobrynin discussions of, 142
        • Carter-Gromyko discussions of, 201, 221
        • Trilateral negotiations, 166, 175
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 243
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 153, 168, 212
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 236
      • Conventional arms transfers, 260, 267, 278, 309, 310
      • Earle’s discussions with, 131, 134
      • Muskie’s discussions with, 138
      • Nuclear proliferation, 332
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 183
      • Seismic stations, 166
      • Soviet high-yield nuclear testing, 253
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 487
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 117, 129, 130, 131, 134
      • Vance’s discussions with, 117, 243, 260, 267, 278
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 55, 56, 101, 236, 309, 310
    • Documents not declassified, 93, 451
    • Dodson, Christine, 227, 431
    • Domestic Council, 322
    • Downhole units, 237, 241, 247
    • Duff, Robert, 159
    • Dugway Army Depot, 124
    • Duncan, Charles W.
      • ASAT Treaty, 17, 43
      • Chemical weapons, 68, 96
      • Comprehensive test ban, 149, 210
      • Conventional arms transfers, 266
      • Nuclear proliferation in the post-INFCE era, 375, 377, 381
      • Nuclear testing, 235, 249, 255, 256
      • Policy Review Committee meetings, 68, 266
      • PRM/NSC 23, 5
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 17, 43, 96, 210
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 488, 489
    • Earle, Ralph W., II
      • Comprehensive test ban, 252
      • Dobrynin’s discussions with, 131, 134
      • NPT Review Conference, 386, 389, 391
      • Seismic stations, 247
      • Soviet high-yield nuclear testing, 253, 254, 255
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 487
      • Sverdlovsk incident
        • Congressional consultation on, 115
        • Initial reports on, 109
        • SCC meetings on, 112
        • U.S.-British consultations on, 137
        • U.S. démarches on, 113, 129, 131, 134
    • East Asia, 304
    • Eastern Europe, 501
    • Economic System of Latin America and the Caribbean (SELA), 416, 432
    • Ecton, Stephen, 351
    • Ecuador, 288, 297, 449
    • Edmonds, John
      • Comprehensive test ban, 159, 187, 189, 226, 241
      • Seismic stations, 240
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 474
    • Egypt
      • As NPT non-signer, 327
      • Comprehensive test ban, 146, 211, 224
      • Conventional arms transfers, 263, 268, 283
      • Full-scope safeguards for, 364
      • Israeli negotiations with, 20
      • Nuclear agreements with, 325
      • Nuclear proliferation, 364, 375
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 475, 501
    • Eighteenth Amendment to U.S. Constitution, 166
    • Einaudi, Luigi, 296, 423
    • Einhorn, Robert, 120, 184, 223, 250, 251, 402, 423
    • Eisenhower, Dwight D., 233, 482
    • Eizenstat, Stuart E., 27, 206, 358, 381, 382
    • Eklund, Sigvard A., 373, 449
    • Elections
    • Electronic countermeasures systems, 263
    • Electronic intelligence (ELINT), 4
    • Electronic warfare (EW), 6, 8
    • Eltz, Regina, 398
    • Emergency Action Message, 6
    • Energy, U.S. Department of (DOE)
      • Alternative nuclear technologies, 364
      • Comprehensive test ban, 184, 197, 198, 202, 206, 209, 210
      • Cutoff and transfer, 484
      • Defense programs of, 230
      • DOD cooperation with, 178, 484
      • Nuclear Non-proliferation Act as guidance for, 366
      • Nuclear testing, 235, 254, 256
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 183
      • Seismic stations, 196, 248, 254, 255
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 488, 492
      • U.S. reactor part exports to Argentina, 470
    • Energy conservation, 342
    • Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA)
      • Clinch River reactor funding, 322
      • Comprehensive test ban, 147, 160, 180, 189, 196
      • Japanese reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, 344
      • Nuclear fuel access, 358
      • Nuclear proliferation, 317, 343
      • Nuclear testing, 150, 154, 155, 156, 158, 172
      • Operation CRESSET, 172
      • Operation FULCRUM II, 161
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 147, 160
      • Seismic stations, 160
      • Tokai nuclear plant, 238
    • Enhanced radiation (ER) weapons (see also Bombs; Neutron bomb; Nuclear weapons), 480, 481, 482, 494
    • Environmental impact statements (EISs), 123
    • Environmental modification (ENMOD), 283
    • Environmental Policy Act, 69
    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 358
    • Erb, Guy F., 288, 432
    • Erramuspe, Hugo, 466
    • Escovar Salom, Ramón, 411, 416
    • Eshes, Michael, 305
    • Eskdalemuir, 234, 240
    • Espil, Jorge A. Aja, 420, 429, 432
    • Estrada, Jaime, 436
    • Ethiopia
      • As SSOD PrepCom member, 471
      • Conventional arms transfers, 260, 263, 300, 304, 309
      • Nuclear proliferation, 359
      • U.S.-Soviet discussion of, 20
    • EURATOM (see also U.S.–EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1958))
      • Canadian cooperation agreement with, 355
      • Lack of IAEA safeguards, 333, 348, 360, 363, 367
      • U.S. right of veto over reprocessing by, 372, 379, 381, 382, 384, 395
      • U.S. Senate acceptance of IAEA safeguards for, 384
    • EURODIF, 328, 342
    • Europe
      • Adoption of full-scope safeguards by, 395
      • Conventional arms transfers, 281
      • Independent nuclear deterrent in, possible, 143
      • Nuclear fuel exports to, 362
      • Nuclear fuel transfers from, 396, 424
      • Nuclear proliferation differences with the United States, 365
    • European Coal and Steel Community, 326
    • European Community (EC), 344, 348, 363, 373, 420
    • European Economic Community (EEC), 347, 476
    • European Gaseous Diffusion Uranium Enrichment Consortium (EURODIF), 328, 342
    • Evader MARV re-entry vehicle, 146
    • Evans, Benjamin C., 431
    • Evans, Rowland, 440
    • Executive Order No. 11850, 81, 82
    • Export controls, 261
    • Export-Import Bank, 478, 488
    • “Eyes and ears of peace” proposal, 488, 489
    • Facer, Roger, 232
    • Fakley, Dennis, 187, 244
    • Falk, George, 402
    • Falkland Islands, 251, 422
    • Far East, 146
    • Farley, Philip J., 356, 367, 375, 423
    • Federal Energy Administration (FEA), 358
    • Federal Register, 261, 262
    • Ferguson, Ewen A. J., 157, 476
    • Figueirido, Reinaldo, 288, 432, 461
    • Finarelli, Michael, 120
    • Finarelli, Peggy, 129, 139
    • Finch, Lawrence, 79, 98, 199, 223, 244
    • Findley, Paul, 375, 419
    • Finland, 449, 478, 501
    • Fisher, Adrian
    • Fleischer, Eric, 170, 351
    • Fleischer, Lowell, 282, 284
    • Fletcher, James C., 2
    • Flood, Susan, 446, 486, 494
    • Floweree, Charles C.
      • Chemical weapons
        • CD working group on, 104
        • Consultation with allies on, 63, 106
        • Guidance for negotiations on, 88, 108
        • NATO disarmament experts discussion of, 65
        • Report on negotiations on, 128
        • Soviet slowdown in negotiations on, 136
      • Encouragement of adherence to Geneva Protocol and Biological Weapons Convention, 62
      • Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conference, 386
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 475, 486
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 113, 114, 120, 131
    • Fonseka, Ignatius Benedict, 389
    • Ford, Gerald R.
      • Chemical weapons policy, 61, 81
      • Conventional arms transfers to Israel, 263
      • Détente, 499
      • Nuclear proliferation, 317, 325, 397
      • SALT II Treaty, 499
    • Ford Foundation, 334
    • Ford/Mitre study, 344
    • Foreign Affairs, Soviet Ministry of (MFA), 283
    • Foreign Assistance Act, 269
    • Foreign Military Sales Program (FMS)
      • As type of arms transfer, 260
      • C–130 aircraft as significant combat equipment, 275, 276
      • Case study of, 260
      • Decision-making process for, 260, 261
      • For Kenya, 295
      • FY 1977 amounts, 272
      • Letters of Acceptance for, 272, 279
      • Letters of Offer for, 260, 272, 279
      • U.S. financing for, 268
    • Foreign Nuclear Policy Council (France), 357
    • Four-Power Summit (London, May 1977), 326
    • France (see also French nuclear sales to Pakistan)
      • As NPT non-signer, 327, 364
      • Chemical weapons
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Adherence to
          • British position, 159
          • International pressure for, 166, 168
          • Refusal to negotiate, 146, 157
          • Soviet position, 176, 177, 192
          • U.S.-French discussions of, 152
          • U.S. position, 142, 143, 159
        • Quadrilateral discussions of, 157
        • Review conference, 227, 228, 231
        • UN resolutions on, 144
        • U.S. advocacy of, 151
        • U.S. consultations on, 152, 214
      • Conference of the Committee on Disarmament, 494
      • Conventional arms transfers
        • Allied talks on (proposed), 298
        • France as obstacle to limits on, 299
        • In FY 1977, 300
        • Multilateral restraints on, 267, 298, 299, 308
        • To Latin America, 288, 297
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 486
      • Elections (1978), 364
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 347, 348, 349, 355, 356
      • India, relations with, 357
      • London Suppliers Group, 260, 317, 324, 356
      • Nuclear power, 349
      • Nuclear proliferation
      • Nuclear reprocessing
        • French position, 342, 365
        • Of Japanese spent fuel, 341
        • U.S.-French talks on, 324, 349, 377, 384
        • U.S. policy differences over, 328
      • Nuclear testing by, 146
      • OPANAL, 438, 449, 464
      • Pakistani relations with, 350
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 376
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 474, 476, 494, 501
      • Tlatelolco Treaty
        • Argentine accession to, 361
        • French adherence to
          • As requirement for entry into force of treaty, 419
          • Brazilian position, 415
          • French position, 433, 442
          • OPANAL-French talks on, 438
          • OPANAL position, 402, 449, 464
          • Signing of treaty, 406, 449
          • U.S.-French discussion of, 361
          • U.S. position, 435, 478, 499
        • Transit rights, 361, 446, 449
      • U.S.–EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1958), 347, 349, 430
      • U.S. highly enriched uranium exports to, 463
      • U.S. relations with, Soviet attempts at manipulation of, 163
    • François-Poncet, Jean, 361, 378
    • Frank, Richard, 5
    • French Guiana, 442
    • French nuclear sales to Pakistan
    • Fretwell, John, 250
    • Fri, Robert W.
      • Comprehensive test ban, 145, 147, 160, 164
      • Nuclear testing, 156
      • Operation FULCRUM II, 155
      • PD/NSC–8, 330
      • PRM/NSC 15, 317
      • PRM/NSC 16, 141
    • Fritzel, Roger, 494
    • Fromowitz, Samuel, 346
    • Frosch, Robert
      • ASAT weapons and talks, 11, 17, 24, 29, 34, 35, 43, 46
      • PD/NSC–37, 27
      • PD/NSC–39, 32
      • PD/NSC–45, 38
      • PRM/NSC 23, 5
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 17, 29, 34, 35, 43
    • Fuel bank, 358, 364
    • Fuel cycle evaluation program (FCEP) (see also International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE) Conferences)
      • Allied contacts on, 326, 331, 333
      • British position, 342
      • Carter’s decision on reprocessing, 340
      • Carter’s policy statement on, 331, 333, 338
      • Establishment of ad hoc NSC group on, 330
      • For avoidance of nuclear proliferation, 336, 338, 355
      • French position, 347, 348, 349, 356
      • IAEA’s coordination with, 346
      • Japanese position, 341, 344
      • London Suppliers Group and, 342
      • Multinational centers for regional processing capacity, 323, 348
      • Need for, 325
      • Outline of proposal for, 346
      • PD/NSC–8, 330
      • Politics of (CIA paper), 370
      • Purpose and functions of, 328
      • Reprocessing as question for inclusion within, 338
      • Soviet position, 348
      • Status reports on, 372, 373
      • Study for, 361, 366, 432
      • Types of fuel cycles, 336
      • U.S.-French talks on, 355
      • U.S. policy on, 330
    • Fukuda, Takeo
      • Japanese reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, 344
      • Nuclear proliferation, 320, 329, 342, 344, 352
      • Washington visit (Mar. 1977), 151, 329, 333
    • Full-scope safeguards (see also Nuclear proliferation), 364
    • G–7 Summit (May 1977), 326, 342
    • Galluci, Robert, 467
    • Gandhi, Rajiv, 166
    • García Robles, Alfonso, 410, 423, 501
    • Garrison, Mark, 168, 423, 487
    • Gasberri, George, 122
    • Gathwright, Wreathem, 176, 417
    • Geisel, Ernesto B.
      • Argentine-Brazilian nuclear competition, 417
      • Rosalyn Carter meeting with, 415, 416
      • Carter meetings with, 433
      • Carter’s messages to, 412, 415, 424
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil
        • Brazil’s questioning of value of, 364
        • Brazilian policy on, 405
        • Christopher’s discussions in Brazil on, 404
        • Compromise settlement, possible, 412
        • Safeguards emphasized in, 399, 433
        • U.S. position, 357
      • Nuclear fuel imports from the United States, 424
      • Pérez’ meeting with, 432
      • Transition from Presidency of, 461
      • Vance meetings with, 425, 426, 427
    • Gelb, Leslie H.
    • Gelner, Michael, 122
    • General Conference for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (OPANAL)
    • Genetic engineering, 89
    • Geneva Conference on Middle East (proposal), 20
    • Geneva Conference on Special Weapons, 304
    • Geneva Protocol (1925), 62, 77, 81, 106, 110
    • Genscher, Hans-Dietrich
      • Carter meetings with, 405
      • Comprehensive test ban, 157
      • FRG nuclear sales to Argentina, 467
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 400, 405
      • Full-scope safeguard for heavy water, 457
      • Nuclear proliferation, 342
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 476
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 417
      • Vance’s message to, 467
    • Germany, Democratic Republic of, 146, 283, 471
    • Germany, Federal Republic of (FRG) (see also Germany, Federal Republic of, nuclear sales to Brazil)
      • As London Suppliers Group member, 260, 317
      • Chemical weapons
        • Briefing of U.S. allies on negotiations on, 76
        • Draft treaty on, 69
        • Quadrilateral consultations on, 87, 89, 94, 106, 107, 126
        • U.S. consultations on, 63, 70, 79, 83
        • U.S. stockpiles in, 81
        • U.S. stocks in, 139
        • Verification issues, 89, 94
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144, 157, 214
      • Conventional arms transfers, 267, 297, 298, 300, 308
      • EURATOM and IAEA safeguards, 367
      • Full-scope safeguards, 384, 447, 457, 462
      • Heavy water
      • International Atomic Energy Agency board, 359
      • Negative security assurances, 488, 492, 498
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 318, 319, 333
      • Nuclear proliferation
        • Argentine-IAEA negotiations, 443
        • FRG nuclear sales to Argentina, 462, 466, 467
        • FRG reprocessing plants, 325, 328, 334, 342, 372, 377
        • Fuel cycle evaluation program role for, 336
        • Full-scope safeguards for prevention of, 384, 447, 462
        • In the post-INFCE era, 375, 376, 377, 379, 384
        • Quadripartite discussions of, 326
        • U.S. as supplier of uranium to, 325, 371
        • U.S.–FRG discussions of, 395
      • Pakistani nuclear weapons development, 384
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 474, 476, 494
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 397
      • U.S.–EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1958), 347, 363, 384
      • U.S. highly enriched uranium exports to, 333, 463
      • U.S. relations with, 401
    • Germany, Federal Republic of, nuclear sales to Brazil
      • Brazil’s questioning of value of, 361, 364
      • Carter-Schmidt discussion of, 412, 417
      • French position, 364, 416
      • FRG position, 333, 342, 398, 417
      • London Suppliers Group expansion and, 335
      • New U.S. approach to, 401, 427
      • Slowing of program for, 461
      • Soviet position, 367, 433
      • U.S.-Brazilian consultations, 400, 404
      • U.S.-Brazilian relations as affected by, 397, 399, 403, 404, 443
      • U.S. position, 357, 369, 397
      • U.S.-Soviet discussion of, 332
    • Ghana, 494, 501
    • Giller, Edward, 190, 197, 223, 228
    • Gilligan, John, 479, 488
    • Gilmour, Ian, 233
    • Giscard d’Estaing, Valery
      • Carter meetings with, 157, 361, 416, 499
      • Carter’s letters to, 299, 347
      • Conventional arms transfers, 297, 298
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 347, 355
      • Nuclear proliferation, 342, 347, 361, 378, 416
      • Pakistani-French relations, 350
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 491, 499
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 433, 438, 449
      • Visit to Latin America (Aug. 1978), 442
    • Givan, William D., 223
    • Glassman, Jon D.
      • Chemical weapons, 65
      • Geneva Protocol and Biological Weapons Convention, 62
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 421, 450
      • Nuclear proliferation, 348
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 450, 464, 465
    • Glenn, John H., 269, 375
    • Gleysteen, William, 281, 303, 345
    • Goheen, Robert F., 213
    • Goldsmith, Sydney, 181, 345
    • Goldstein, Martin, 471, 475
    • Gompert, David C., 34, 35, 486
    • Gonzalez, Raymond E., 449
    • Gonzalez Galves, Sergio, 411, 415, 444, 450
    • Goodall, Harry, 98
    • Goodby, James E., 239
    • Goodman, Dennis, 122
    • Goodpaster, Andrew, 467
    • Gorman, Thomas, 284
    • Goronwy-Roberts, Baron, 62
    • Granger, James, 120
    • Great Britain. See United Kingdom.
    • Greece, 76, 144, 263
    • Greenberg, Robert A., 5
    • Griffin, Jack, 244
    • Griffiths, Eldon, 421
    • Gromyko, Andrei A.
      • ASAT talks, 3, 6, 13, 55, 56
      • Carter meetings with
        • On comprehensive test ban, 153, 168, 201, 212, 221
        • On conventional arms transfers, 278
        • On peaceful nuclear explosions, 170, 171
      • Chemical weapons
        • Hardening of attitude toward negotiations, 128
        • Prohibition of, Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 64, 65, 66, 69, 73
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 101
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Carter’s discussions of, 153, 168, 201, 212, 221
        • Fixed duration treaty, 197, 201, 221
        • Permitted experiments, 215
        • SALT agreement ratification before CTB, 221, 237
        • Soviet expression of interest in, 140, 146
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 153, 165, 168, 212, 223
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 236
      • Conventional arms transfers, 267, 278, 309, 315
      • Muskie’s discussions with, 138, 254
      • No-first-use of nuclear weapons, discussion of, 3
      • Nuclear proliferation, 332
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 168, 183, 186
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 487, 494
      • Speeches at UNGA, 140, 146, 393
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 137
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 444
      • Vance’s discussions with
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 56, 101, 236, 309
      • Visit to Washington (Sept. 1977), 165
    • Gros Espiell, Héctor
      • Cuban adherence to Tlatelolco Treaty, 423, 465
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 450
      • Nuclear technology cooperation, 410
      • Pending ratifications of Tlatelolco Treaty, 434, 450
      • Transit rights for nuclear weapons, 409, 411
      • U.S. meetings with, 411, 434, 450
      • U.S. ratification of Protocol I, 464
    • Group of 77, 371, 387, 389, 390, 391, 394
    • Guadeloupe, 442
    • Guantanamo, 402, 406, 423, 434, 455, 466
    • Guerreiro, Ramiro Elisio Saraiva, 455
    • Guhin, Michael, 448
    • Guiringaud, Louis de
      • Comprehensive test ban, 157
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 355
      • Nuclear proliferation, 321, 349, 350, 357, 361
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 349
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 476
    • Guyana, 434, 464, 471
    • Gwertzman, Bernard, 269
    • Habib, Philip, 357
    • Haig, Alexander M., Jr., 100, 319
    • Hanford project, 392
    • Hannifin, Patrick, 167, 281
    • Harlow, Giles, 65, 348, 402
    • Harriman, Averell, 498, 499
    • Harrop, William, 295
    • Hart, Gary, 123, 124
    • Harte, Michael, 159
    • Hartman, Arthur A.
      • ASAT talks, 3
      • Chemical weapons, 64
      • Comprehensive test ban, 153, 157
      • Conventional arms transfers, 267
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 355
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 318
      • Nuclear proliferation, 326, 332, 350, 356, 357, 361
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 476
    • Hatoyama, Iichiro, 320, 329
    • Hawes, John, 63, 65, 473
    • Health, Education and Welfare, U.S. Department of, 123
    • Heaphy, Ilene, 402
    • Heavy water
    • Heckrotte, Warren, 223, 257
    • Heilmeier, George, 15
    • Helicopters, 263
    • Helman, Gerald
    • Helsinki Conference (1975), 138
    • Henderson, Nicholas, 242
    • Henkin, Charles, 59
    • Herbicides, 81, 118
    • Hermes, Peter, 318, 321, 384, 401, 462, 467
    • Hernandez Acosta, Valentin, 416
    • Heyl, Mary Jane, 486
    • Hibbert, Reginald, 157, 326
    • Hicks, John, 35, 43
    • High-altitude interceptors, 6
    • High-energy lasers (HELs), 15
    • Hineman, Evan, 35, 43
    • Hirsch, John, 477
    • Hirschfeld, Thomas, 65, 299, 471, 473, 475
    • Hiss, Dieter, 417
    • Hmong people (see also Laos), 106, 110
    • Hodges, Luther, 468
    • Hodsoll, Francis S.M., 375, 381, 384
    • Hoettle, Charles, 122
    • Holbrooke, Richard C.A., 151, 282, 320, 329
    • Holloway, James L., III, 190
    • Holmes, Allen, 471
    • Homme, Robert, 471
    • Hopkins, Robert, 266
    • Hormats, Robert, 329
    • Horn of Africa, 20, 283, 290, 293
    • Hornblow, Michael, 146, 269, 413
    • Hostile acts. See under satellites.
    • House of Representatives, U.S.
      • Foreign Affairs Committee, 110, 112
      • Funding for binary weapons facility, 132
      • “House Resolution 512: Use of Chemical Agents in Indochina,” 104
      • International Relations Committee, 286
      • Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 131
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112, 127, 129, 131
    • Howard, Robert, 139
    • Howitzers, 263
    • Hsu Shang-wei, 151
    • Huang Chen, 151, 153, 163
    • Huberman, Benjamin
      • ASAT talks, 59
      • ASAT Treaty, 17
      • Comprehensive test ban, 205, 207, 228, 252
      • Funding for binary weapons, 139
      • Nuclear proliferation, 381
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 190, 197
      • PRM/NSC 23, 5
      • Seismic stations, 246
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 17, 139, 205, 207, 228, 252
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112, 129
    • Hulings, Joseph, 49, 226
    • Human rights, 138, 269, 436, 468
    • Hume, Cameron, 494
    • Humphrey, George, 63
    • Humphrey, Hubert H., 263
    • Humphrey-Kennedy Amendment, 468
    • Humphreys, Marvin, 369
    • Hungary, 471
    • Hunt, John, 326
    • Hunter, Robert, 157, 194, 326, 355, 356, 435, 476
    • Huntington, Samuel P., 479, 486, 488, 489
    • Hurd, Douglas, 137, 237, 244
    • Hurtado Navarro, Hector, 288, 416, 432
    • Hussein, King (Jordan), 269
    • Hutcheson, Rich, 322
    • Hydrogen as energy source, 427
    • Hydrogen cyanide, 82
    • Hyland, William G., 3, 5, 64, 153, 168, 267, 318, 332
    • IBEX intelligence collection system, 263
    • Iceland, 144
    • Ifft, Edward, 176
    • Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), 89
    • Incapacitants, 71, 81
    • Inderfurth, Rick, 358
    • India
      • As NPT non-signer, 327, 364
      • Canadian nuclear assistance, 357
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Non-proliferation value of, 211, 224
        • Participation in
          • Agreement on, 210
          • British position, 194
          • Indian position, 204, 211, 213, 364
          • U.S. desire for, 145
          • U.S. resumption of testing, effect on, 198
        • Permitted experiments, 215
        • U.S. consultations on, 214
      • Conventional arms transfers, 300
      • French relations with, 357
      • Non-acceptance of full-scope safeguards by, 395
      • Nuclear proliferation
        • Comprehensive test ban’s value against, 211, 224, 364
        • Full-scope safeguards, acceptance of, 361, 364, 430, 482
        • In the post-INFCE era, 375, 378
        • Motives for, 327
        • Pakistan arms race with, 347, 466
        • Spent nuclear fuel storage, 364
        • Suspension of nuclear fuel shipments, 342
        • U.S.-Indian talks on, 329, 372, 381
      • Nuclear testing, 145, 153, 317, 325, 366
      • Nuclear weapons development by, 378
      • Pakistani relations with, 347
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 166, 190
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 481, 492, 494, 501
      • Tarapur reactor, 357, 383, 384, 395, 430
      • Test ban proposals of, 146
    • Indian Ocean talks, 57, 283, 289, 310, 316
    • Indochina, 104
    • Indonesia, 146, 283, 359, 364
    • Inouye, Daniel K., 269
    • Insecticides, 94
    • Insertable Nuclear Components (INC) concept, 155, 156, 161, 173
    • Intelligence collection systems, 263
    • Intelligence Support Activity (ISA), 68
    • Inter-American Nuclear Energy Commission (IANEC), 419, 450
    • Interagency Committee on Public Diplomacy and Disarmament, 497
    • Interagency Group on Nuclear Proliferation, 330, 336, 343
    • Interagency Review Groups, 245
    • Interagency Working Group (IAWG) on ASAT talks, 17, 29, 34, 43
    • Interim restraint measures (IRMs), 304
    • Internal seismic installations (ISIs). See Seismic stations.
    • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
      • As central organization instrument for non-proliferation, 327
      • As institution for implementing U.S. non-proliferation goals, 317
      • Board of Governors meeting (Feb. 1978), 429
      • Developing countries’ representation on board of, 359
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program’s coordination with, 346
      • General Conference of, 369
      • Model agreement on nuclear technology, 339
      • Nuclear fuel, 236
      • Plutonium storage study by, 377
      • Safeguards system
        • Argentine-IAEA discussions of, 439, 443
        • At Tokai, 351
        • Brazil as agreeing to, 399, 412, 433
        • EURATOM’s approach to verification, 333, 348, 360, 367
        • For heavy water, 454
        • For sensitive nuclear exports, 318
        • Senate acceptance for EURATOM of, 384
        • Soviet position, 363
      • Strengthening of, 323
      • Verification of international agreements by, 102, 482, 483, 484
    • International Committee of the Red Cross, 106
    • International Energy Agency (IEA), 358
    • International Fuel Cycle Evaluation Program, 325
    • International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE) Conferences
      • Argentine representation at, 420, 422
      • Carter’s speech to, 364, 373
      • CIA paper on, 370
      • Negotiations after the conclusion of, 374, 376, 377, 378
      • Non-proliferation in the era following
        • Policy Review Committee meeting on, 381, 382
        • Smith’s exploration with industrialized countries, 375, 377, 378, 383
        • Smith’s paper on, 381, 383
        • State Department status report on, 376
        • U.S.-Argentine discussions of, 466
        • U.S.–FRG discussions of, 384
        • U.S. strategy for, 379
        • Vance’s message to François-Poncet on, 378
      • Plenary session for review of progress, 370
      • Results of, 372, 373, 381
      • Summary of, 380
      • U.S. meeting with UN representatives on, 359
      • U.S.-Mexican discussions of, 450
    • International plutonium storage (IPS), 377, 382, 384, 395
    • International Research Institute proposal, 501
    • International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act (1976), 260, 263, 264
    • International Seismic Data Exchange (ISDE), 189, 226
    • International Telecommunications Convention, 6
    • International Traffic in Arms regulations, 273
    • Iran (see also Conventional arms transfers to Iran)
      • Negative security assurances, 488, 489
      • Nuclear proliferation, 327, 359, 494
      • Revolution (1979), 308, 311, 372
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 475
    • Iraq
      • As NPT signatory, 393
      • As SSOD PrepCom member, 471
      • Conventional arms transfers to, 283, 300
      • European nuclear fuel transfers to, 396
      • Full-scope safeguards for, 395
      • UN resolution on Middle East armaments, 499, 501
    • Iribarren Borges, Ignacio, 288, 416, 432
    • Irritants, 76, 99, 118
    • Isakov, V. F., 487
    • Israel
      • As NPT non-signer, 327
      • Comprehensive test ban, 145, 211, 224
      • Conventional arms transfers by, 297
      • Conventional arms transfers to, 263, 265, 267, 268, 269, 271, 289
      • Egyptian negotiations with, 20
      • Full-scope safeguards for, 364, 395
      • Iraqi UN resolution on Middle East armaments, 499, 501
      • Negative security assurances, 488, 489
      • Nuclear agreements with, 325
      • Nuclear proliferation, 211, 224, 323, 328
      • Nuclear weapons development by, 378, 386, 389, 394
    • Issraelyan, Victor L., 99, 102, 113, 128, 136
    • Italy
      • Chemical weapons, 76
      • Comprehensive test ban, 143, 144
      • Conventional arms transfers, 297
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 371
      • Nuclear proliferation, 375
      • Nuclear reprocessing, 334, 342
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 474, 494, 501
      • U.S.–EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1958), 347
    • Jackson, Henry “Scoop,” 375
    • Jacomet, Andre, 371
    • Jaipal, Rikhi, 501
    • Jamaica, 464
    • Jamming, 8
    • Japan (see also Tokai nuclear plant)
      • As London Suppliers Group member, 260, 317
      • Chemical weapons, 66, 69, 70, 106
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144, 214
      • Conventional arms transfers
        • C–130 transport aircraft, 275, 276
        • U.S. exemption from controls on, 268, 269, 270, 271
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 309
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 491
      • Elections (1977), 344
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, 341, 344
      • Full-scope safeguards, 352
      • Negative security assurances, 488, 492, 498
      • NPT ratification by, 320
      • Nuclear proliferation
      • Nuclear reprocessing
        • Thermal recycling, 384
        • U.S. agreements on, 395
        • U.S.-Japanese talks on
        • U.S. possibilities for regulation of, 323, 325, 328, 334
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 475, 477, 491, 494
      • U.S. defense of, 146
      • U.S.–EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1958), 344
      • U.S. highly enriched uranium exports to, 463
      • U.S. relations with, 329
    • Japan-U.S. Nuclear Cooperation Agreement (1968), 341
    • Javits, Jacob, 115, 269
    • Jay, Peter, 194, 284
    • Jayne, E. Randy, 5, 17, 29, 68, 96, 112
    • Jenkins, Frank, 59
    • Jenkins, Kempton, 269
    • Jenkins, Roy, 319
    • Jillson, Anne, 430
    • John Paul I, Pope, 443
    • Johnson, David, PRM/NSC 23, 5
    • Johnson, Gerald W., 30, 183, 190, 199, 223, 237
    • Johnson, Ralph, 305
    • Johnson, Richard E., 433
    • Johnson, Warren D., 148
    • Johnson Island, 6, 7
    • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS)
      • ASAT arms control as seen by, 7, 9
      • ASAT talks, 4
        • Agenda for possible future rounds, 59
        • Satellites shared with third countries, 44
        • Second round, 39, 41
        • Third round, 47, 48, 51, 54
        • U.S. framework for, 16
      • ASAT testing ban, 34, 35
      • Chemical weapons
        • CD working group on, 104, 105
        • Difference within DOD over CW policy, 68, 69
        • Funding for binary weapons production, 95, 132
        • Negotiations as seen by, 100
        • PRM/NSC 27, 66
        • U.S. policy and retaliatory capability, 132
        • Use in Asia of, 110, 132
        • Weteye bombs, 123, 124
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Carter discussions with DOD officials, proposed, 149
        • CD working group on, 390
        • Fixed duration treaty, 197, 198, 220, 232
        • JCS memorandum on, 203
        • Non-proliferation value of, 211, 220
        • On-site inspections, 180, 184
        • PRM/NSC 16, 148, 149
        • Questions for developing of position on, 178
        • Three year approach, 210
        • Treaty renewal, 228
        • Trilateral negotiations, 167, 184
      • Conventional arms transfers, 287, 290, 301, 302
      • Hostile acts in space, 29, 31
      • JCSM–57–29, 100
      • JCSM–119–78, 193
      • JCSM–188–78, 203
      • Negative security assurances, 492, 498
      • NPT Review Conference, 388
      • Nuclear fuel supply, 392
      • Nuclear testing, 148, 254
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 178, 192, 193, 197, 198, 203
      • Operation FULCRUM II, 155
      • PD/NSC–38, 203
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 169, 183
      • Seismic stations, 248
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 486, 490, 492
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 440
    • Jones, David C.
      • ASAT, 29, 56
      • Chemical weapons, 96, 101, 103, 132
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Non-proliferation value of, 211
        • On-site inspection quotas, 180
        • Review conference proposals, 227, 231
        • SCC discussions of, 205, 207, 210, 228, 252
        • Three year approach, 210
        • Trilateral negotiations, 219
        • Vienna Summit discussion of, 236
      • Conventional arms transfers, 280, 303, 306, 309, 312
      • Nuclear proliferation, 211, 381, 382
      • Nuclear testing, 230, 235, 255
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 193, 197, 198, 203
      • PD/NSC–13, 271
      • PD/NSC–37, 27
      • PD/NSC–38, 200, 208
      • PD/NSC–45, 38
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings
        • ASAT, 29
        • Chemical weapons, 96
        • Comprehensive test ban, 205, 207, 210, 228, 252
        • Conventional arms transfers, 303
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 485, 493, 500
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 440
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 56, 101, 236, 309
    • Jones, George, 305, 446, 448, 467
    • Jordan, 263, 265, 283
    • Jordan, Hamilton
      • ASAT, 56
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201
      • Chemical weapons, 101
      • Comprehensive test ban, 201, 210, 236
      • Conventional arms transfers, 309
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 210
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 56, 101, 236, 309
    • Jova, Joseph J., 402
    • Joyce, John, 494
    • Kahan, Jerome
      • ASAT Treaty, 17
      • Chemical weapons, 96, 104, 106
      • Comprehensive test ban, 210
      • Conventional arms transfers, 284, 295, 299
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 318
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 197
      • Soviet high-yield nuclear testing, 254
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 210, 228
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 486, 488, 489
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112, 113, 120, 129
    • Kahan, Louis, 176
    • Kalicki, John, 321, 324, 398
    • Kalkar breeder reactor (FRG), 371
    • Kama-Pechora river project, 145
    • Katz, Abraham, 468
    • Keeny, Spurgeon M., Jr.
      • ASAT talks
        • Priorities in, 36
        • Special Coordination Committee discussion of, 17, 29, 34, 35, 43, 59
      • Chemical weapons, 68, 96, 104, 126
      • Comprehensive test ban
      • Conventional arms transfers, 281, 286, 290, 294, 295, 303
      • Japanese reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, 344
      • Nuclear proliferation, 381
      • Nuclear testing, 158, 172, 254
      • Policy Review Committee meetings, 68, 381
      • PRM/NSC 23, 5
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 488, 489
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 112, 120, 129, 135
      • U.S.-Argentine relations, 468
    • Kelley, Robert, 369, 430, 448
    • Kennedy, John F., 180, 266
    • Kenya, 295
    • Kerr, Donald
      • Comprehensive test ban, 205, 207, 210
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 190, 197, 198
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 486, 488
    • Khlestov, Oleg
      • ASAT talks, 39, 41, 47, 48, 51
      • ASAT testing, 33
      • Conventional arms transfers, 283, 285, 289
      • Laser development verification, 30
    • Khrushchev, Nikita S., 146, 180, 181, 184
    • Kimmit, Robert, 269, 314
    • King, John, 402, 471
    • Kissinger, Henry A., 499
    • Klingaman, Susan, 87, 445
    • KNIGHTHEAD nuclear test, 154, 155, 161, 173
    • Knoche, Enno Henry, 266
    • Kokolas, John, 83
    • Komplektov, Viktor G.
      • ASAT, 56
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 201, 221
      • Comprehensive test ban, 168, 201, 221, 236
      • Conventional arms transfers, 309
      • Heavy water technology exports to Argentina, 448
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 116, 120, 121, 131
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 56, 236, 309
    • Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of, 303, 304
    • Korea, Republic of
    • Korniyenko, Georgiy M.
    • Kosciusko-Morizet, Jacques, 355
    • Kozlov, M.M., 487
    • Kramer, Frank, 468
    • Krassulin, B.P., 80
    • Kreisky, Bruno, 365
    • Kreps, Juanita M., 2, 27
    • Kriebel, Wesley, 471
    • Krimer, William D.
    • Kroll, Carlos A., 466
    • Krueger (NASA), 33, 39, 41, 47, 51, 54
    • Kuwait, 283
    • La Reina reactor (Chile), 436
    • Laboulaye, Francois Lefebvre de, 157, 284, 326, 355, 357, 361, 476
    • LaHague, 336, 338
    • Lake, Anthony, 266, 288, 321, 432, 433
    • Lamb, Denis, 321, 324, 412
    • Lambsdorff, Otto, 447, 467
    • Lance, Bert
      • Chemical weapons, 68
      • Conventional arms transfers, 268
      • Nuclear testing, 156, 158, 172, 173
      • PD/NSC–13, 271
      • Policy Review Committee meetings, 68
      • PRM/NSC 12, 259
    • LANDSAT, 60
    • Lane, H.B., 414
    • Laos (see also Hmong people)
    • Laser isotope separation, 336
    • Lasers
      • Fusion research, 189, 206
      • Ground-based, 6
      • High-energy (HEL) weapons, 15, 26, 40
      • Space-based, 6
      • Testing of, 36, 37, 50, 59
      • Verification of ASAT laser development, 30, 59
    • Latin America (see also Conventional arms transfers to Latin America; General Conference for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America; Nuclear materials and equipment; Nuclear proliferation)
    • Latin America and Caribbean Conventional Arms Restraint Group, 296, 299, 304, 305
    • Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE), 416, 432
    • Law of the Sea, 289
    • Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, 147
    • Ledogar, Stephan, 129
    • Legionnaire’s Disease, 114
    • Leonard, James F., 94, 487, 488, 489, 499
    • Less-developed countries (LDCs), 327, 335, 359, 481
    • Lesseur Lauria, Carmelo, 288, 432
    • Letters of Acceptance, 272, 279
    • Letters of Offer, 260, 272, 279
    • Liberia, 471, 494
    • Libya, 283, 300, 471
    • Liévano Aguirre, Indalecio, 441
    • Light water reactors (LWRS), 342, 345, 346, 353, 360
    • Likhatchev, Viktor, 71, 73, 80, 84
    • Limited Test Ban Treaty (1963)
      • Agreement on, 146
      • Amending of, 141
      • Member states of, 211
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions as violation of, 145, 183
      • Prohibition of space detonations, 6
      • Soviet violations of, 148
      • Trilateral signing of, 204
      • Underground testing as permitted by, 140
    • Linsenmayer, Neil, 303
    • Lipshutz, Robert, 271
    • Liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs), 334, 337
    • Lissfelt, Mark, 446
    • Lo Aguirre reactor (Chile), 436
    • Locke, Allen W., 350, 466, 467
    • Lockheed Corporation, 273, 275
    • London Economic Summit (London, May 1977), 412
    • London Suppliers Group
      • As institution for implementing U.S. non-proliferation goals, 317
      • French role in, 260, 317, 324, 356
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program and, 342
      • Full-scope safeguards, 347
      • Guidelines of, 284, 285, 364, 454, 457
      • Meetings of, 348
      • Membership of, 260, 317, 335, 359
      • NPT’s Article IV and, 225
      • Sensitive nuclear exports, 318, 323
      • Trigger list of, 327
      • U.S. policy on enrichment technology transfers, 369
    • Lopez Michelson, Alfonso, 304, 441
    • López Portillo, Jose
      • Carter communications, 402, 411
      • Conventional arms transfers, 288
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 411, 414, 434, 435, 450
      • Visit to Brazil (July 1980), 465
      • Visit to Moscow (May 1978), 434
      • Visit to Paris (May 1980), 464, 465
    • Lorton, Robert, 106
    • Louet, Phillipe, 369
    • Love, John, 317
    • Lovelace, Alan, 5, 17
    • Low-income countries, 268
    • Lowenstein, James, 321, 324
    • Lucey, Patrick J., 423
    • Luers, William H., 266, 281, 282, 284, 398
    • Luns, Joseph M.A.H., 319
    • Luxembourg, 144, 347
    • Lyons, James A., Jr., 303
    • McClure, James A., 375
    • McCrory, Ray, 59, 104, 113, 120, 129, 254
    • MacDonald, Merle, 98, 106, 108, 122, 126
    • MacFarlane, Lewis, 159
    • McGaffigan, Edward, 318, 321, 346, 387, 402
    • McGiffert, David E.
    • McGovern, George S., 269
    • Machin, José Maria, 416
    • McIntyre, James T.
      • ASAT, 11, 24, 46
      • Conventional arms transfers, 286
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements, 500
      • Interagency Committee on Public Diplomacy and Disarmament, 497
      • Nuclear proliferation, 382
      • Nuclear testing, 256
      • PD/NSC–37, 27
      • PD/NSC–39, 32
      • PD/NSC–45, 38
      • PRM/NSC 37, 86
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 489, 493
    • Macklen, Victor, 159
    • Mclean, Martin, 113, 122
    • McMahon, John, 5
    • MacMillan, Harold, 233
    • McNeill, John, 62
    • McNutt, Louise, 471
    • Macuk, David, 77, 402, 471, 475, 494
    • McWilliams, Edmund, 106, 122
    • Makarov, V.G., 201, 221, 487
    • Malaysia, 359, 471
    • Malev, Leonid P., 171
    • Man-portable air-defense systems, 281, 290
    • Manasov, Narlen, 421
    • Manley, Michael, 304
    • Mansfield, Mike, 353
    • Mantel, Robert, 284, 285
    • Marcum, John
      • Chemical weapons, 104
      • Comprehensive test ban
        • Carter meeting with nuclear laboratory officials on, 206
        • SCC discussion of, 205, 207, 210, 228, 252
        • Three year approach, 210
        • U.S.-British discussions of, 159, 244
      • Nuclear testing by the Soviet Union, 239, 253
      • Nuclear weapons stockpile reliability, 192, 197
      • Seismic stations, 246, 250, 251
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 205, 207, 210, 228, 252
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 489, 494
      • Visit to Moscow (June 1979), 237
    • Mark, Hans, 5
    • Marsh, William, 299
    • Martin, Robert, 113, 122
    • Martinez Fabini, Jorge, 429, 459, 466
    • Martinique, 442
    • Massera, Emilio Eduardo, 422
    • Matheson, Michael, 98, 122, 446, 448
    • Matheson, Scott M., 124
    • Mathews, Jessica Tuchman. See Tuchman, Jessica.
    • Matthews, Gary, 49, 285, 299
    • Matthias, Charles, 499
    • Mauritius, 471
    • Maynes, Charles William, 415, 475
    • Mayorskiy, Boris, 30, 39, 47, 48
    • Mazeau, Margot, 65, 83, 88, 446
    • MB–10s, 341, 381, 382, 396
    • “Measures Agreement to Reduce the Outbreak of Nuclear War,” 6
    • Mehta, J.S., 213
    • Melanson, Edward, 47, 59, 77
    • Mendelevich, Lev I., 289, 293, 311, 314, 315
    • Menold, William, 122
    • Merrill, John, 299
    • Metzner, Clifton G., Jr., 466
    • Mexico
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144, 214
      • Conventional arms transfers, 296, 299, 303, 304, 305
        • Withdrawal of arms request, 288
      • International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation Conferences, 450
      • NPT Review Conference, 387, 389, 393, 394
      • Nuclear fuel imports, 449
      • Nuclear proliferation, 359, 375, 401, 444, 494
      • Regional nuclear cooperation, 419
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 494
      • Tlatelolco Treaty
        • Aaron-Gonzalez Galvez discussions of, 444
        • Brazilian accession to, 415
        • Encouragement of holdout states for entry into, 419, 435, 444, 450
        • U.S. adherence to Protocol I, 406, 411
        • U.S.-Mexican discussions of, 414, 444
      • U.S. nuclear aid to, 419
    • Meyers, Marilyn, 369
    • Michaud, Michael, 5
    • Michaud, Neil, 122, 240, 250, 251
    • Michel, James, 129, 293, 446
    • Mid-East War (1973), 6
    • Middle East (see also Israel)
      • Conventional arms transfers, 258, 267, 283, 286, 290
      • Geneva Conference proposal for, 20
      • Nuclear free zones in, 386, 501
      • U.S.-Venezuelan talks on, 288
      • Vance-Thatcher discussions of, 233
    • Mikoyan, Sergo, 418
    • Mikulak, Robert
      • Biological Weapons Convention, 129
      • Chemical weapons
        • Consultation with allies on, 63, 87, 106, 107
        • Funding for binary weapons, 139
        • Negotiations on, 79, 83, 88, 90, 108, 126
        • Policy Review Committee meetings on, 68
        • SCC meetings on, 96, 129, 139
        • Use in Asia of, 122
      • Geneva Protocol and Biological Weapons Convention, 62
      • Policy Review Committee meetings, 68
      • Special Coordination Committee meetings, 96, 129, 139
      • Sverdlovsk incident, 129
    • Military Assistance Program (MAP), 260, 268
    • Military Expenditure Limitations (MEL), 494
    • Military Expenditure Reporting (MER), 494
    • Miller, Thomas, 494
    • Miniature homing vehicles (MHVs), 6, 28, 40
    • Minimum Residual Radiation (MRR) bombs, 146
    • Missiles
    • MK–12A re-entry vehicle, 146
    • Moberly, Patrick, 244, 251, 369
    • Mohr, Charles, 325
    • Mondale, Walter F.
      • Argentine-U.S. relations, 442
      • ASAT talks, 46
      • Comprehensive test ban, 164, 219, 242
      • Conventional arms transfers, 258, 271
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 397, 398, 400, 404
      • Fuel cycle evaluation program, U.S.-French talks on, 355
      • Meetings
        • Carter-Fukuda, 329
        • Carter-Thatcher, 242
        • With Allies, 258
        • With Fukuda, 320
        • With Haig, 319
        • With Schmidt, 397, 398, 400
        • With Videla, 443
      • NAC statement (Jan. 1977), 319
      • Non-proliferation Treaty, 320
      • Nuclear proliferation, 320, 329, 416
      • PD/NSC–8, 330
      • PD/NSC–13, 271
      • PD/NSC–15, 70
      • PD/NSC–28, 81
      • PD/NSC–37, 27
      • PD/NSC–38, 200, 208
      • PD/NSC–39, 32
      • PD/NSC–45, 38
      • PRM/NSC 12, 259
      • PRM/NSC 15, 317
      • PRM/NSC 16, 141, 146
      • PRM/NSC 27, 67
      • PRM/NSC 37, 86
      • Soviet high-yield nuclear testing, 255
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 495, 498, 499
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 417, 443
      • Visits
    • Montes, Oscar Antonio, 357, 420, 429, 434, 439
    • Morocco, 471
    • Morokhov, Igor
    • Morrisey, Arthur
    • Moscow Summit (July 1974), 61, 63
    • Moss, Marvin, 345
    • Mujezinovic, M., 477
    • Munitions Control Office, 260, 263
    • Munitions List, 273
    • Murphy, Frank, 159
    • Muskie, Edmund, 138, 253, 254, 255, 391, 393
    • Mutual and Balance Force Reductions (MBFR), 138, 236, 484
    • Namibia, 242
    • Napper, Larry C., 387
    • Narain, Raj, 372
    • National Aeronautic and Space Agency (NASA)
      • ASAT talks
        • Agenda for possible future rounds, 59
        • Satellite protection, 43
        • Second round, 39, 41
        • Third round, 47, 48, 51, 54
        • U.S. framework for, 16
      • ASAT testing ban, 35
      • Space Transportation System, 27
    • National Intelligence Estimate:: NIE 11–3–71, 11
    • National liberation movements, 289
    • National Security Council (NSC)
      • Ad hoc Group on fuel cycle evaluation program, 330
      • Ad Hoc Group on Nuclear Proliferation, 325, 358, 375, 463, 470
      • ASAT arms control policy discussions by, 7, 9, 10
      • ASAT talks, 39, 41, 47, 48, 51, 54
      • Biological weapons policy, 81
      • Chemical warfare policy studies, 61, 81
      • Comprehensive test ban, 180
      • Conventional arms transfers, 260, 287, 290, 304
      • FRG nuclear sales to Brazil, 397
      • Interagency Group on Nuclear Proliferation, 330, 336, 343, 344
      • Meetings, 397
      • Nuclear fuel, 358, 392
      • Nuclear proliferation, 327, 356
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 479, 481, 483, 492
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 419
    • National Security Decision Memoranda
      • NSDM–35, “United States Policy on Chemical Warfare Program and Bacteriological/Biological Research Program,” 81
      • NSDM–333, “Enhanced Survivablility of Critical US Military and Intelligence Space Systems,” 6, 8
      • NSDM–341, “FY 1977–79, Nuclear Weapons Stockpile,” 154
      • NSDM–345, “U.S. Anti-Satellite Capabilities,” 1, 6
    • National Security Study Memoranda, NSSM 157, “Review of United States Position on Chemical Weapons Prohibitions,” 61
    • National Seismic Stations (NSS). See Seismic stations.
    • National Technical Means (NTM) of verification, 13, 31, 153, 160, 209, 212
    • Natural gas stimulation, 183
    • Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), 333
    • NAVSTAR Global Positioning System, 6
    • Navy, U.S. Department of, 161
    • Negative security assurances
      • CIA paper discussion of, 385
      • Special Coordination Committee discussion of, 486, 488, 489
      • SSOD discussions of, 486, 488, 492, 493, 498
    • Neidle, Alan F., 77, 79, 104, 176, 187, 199, 223
    • Nepal, 359, 471
    • Nerve gas, 82
    • Netherlands
      • CCD, 494
      • Chemical weapons, 76
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144
      • Genetic engineering, 89
      • Nuclear proliferation, 319, 375, 377
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 474, 501
      • Tlatelolco Treaty, 364, 402, 406
      • U.S.–EURATOM Agreement for Cooperation (1958), 347
      • U.S. highly enriched uranium exports to, 463
    • Neutron bomb (see also Enhanced radiation (ER) weapons), 20, 28, 161, 196, 206
    • New weapons systems ban (proposed), 153, 161
    • New York Times, 133, 213, 269, 316
    • New Zealand
      • Biological Weapons Convention Review Conference, 119
      • Chemical weapons, 76
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144
      • Conventional arms transfers, 268, 269, 270, 271, 275, 276
      • Seismic stations in, 232
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 501
    • Newman, Paul, 499
    • Newsom, Eric, 162
    • Newsome, David, 253, 488, 489
    • Nicaragua, 288, 450, 464
    • Niederste-Ostholt, Gisela, 417
    • Niger, 342
    • Nigeria
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144, 214
      • NPT withdrawal by, 211
      • Nuclear proliferation, 359, 494
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 494
    • Nimeiri, Gaafar, 263
    • Noble, Steven V., 460
    • Nogueira Batista, Paulo, 403, 433
    • Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), 475
    • Non-proliferation Alternatives Assessment Program, 395
    • Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) (1968), (see also NPT Review Conference (Venice, 1980))
      • Argentine position, 327, 439, 443
      • Article I, 318
      • Article II, 318
      • Article III, 348
      • Article IV
        • Criticism of nuclear-weapons states for failure to follow, 225, 385, 450, 478
        • Text of, 318, 342
        • U.S.–FRG disagreements on interpretation of, 333
      • Article VI, 211, 225, 251, 385, 386
        • As contentious in NPT Review Conference, 388
        • Soviet position, 387
        • Text of, 477
      • As central legal argument against proliferation, 327
      • As creating space for negotiating disarmament, 477
      • Chile as signatory to, 436
      • CIA paper on, 368
      • Comprehensive test ban seen as strengthening, 211, 224, 225
      • Cuban position, 421
      • FRG position, 318, 319, 333
      • Impact on sensitive nuclear exports of, 318, 319, 320, 323, 372
      • Increase in number of adherents to, 372
      • Italian position, 371
      • Japanese ratification of, 320
      • Non-signers of, 327, 364
      • Nuclear fuel, 236
      • Permanent consultative committee for overseeing of, 119
      • Portuguese ratification of, 364
      • Principal foci of, 146
      • Prioritization for signers of, 488
      • Review Conference (Geneva, 1975), 394, 477, 478
      • Review Conference (Geneva, 1985), 394
      • South African accession to, 364
      • U.S. commitments under, 498
      • U.S.-Soviet discussion of, 348
      • Withdrawal from, 211
    • Nooter, Robert H., 489
    • North Africa, 304
    • North Atlantic Council (NAC), 162, 319, 342, 481, 489, 492
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
      • Chemical weapons, 63, 65, 94, 96, 123, 125, 132
      • Comprehensive test ban, 143
      • Conventional arms transfers, 265, 275, 276
      • CSCE preparations in, 476
      • Disarmament Experts meetings, 65, 143, 471, 474
      • Negative security assurances, 486, 488
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 107
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 473, 474, 488
      • U.S. ASAT capabilities, 46
      • U.S. conventional arms transfers to members of, 268, 269, 270, 271
      • U.S. nuclear umbrella, 146
    • Norton, Richard, 122
    • Norway
      • Chemical weapons, 76
      • Chemical weapons use in Asia, 125
      • Comprehensive test ban, 144
      • Nuclear cooperation with the United States, 372
      • Special Session on Disarmament, 471, 474, 477, 478, 501
    • Nosenzo, Louis, 318, 324, 341, 346, 348, 429, 446
    • Novak, Robert, 440
    • NPT Review Conference (Venice, 1980)
      • Article VI as contentious in, 388
      • CIA papers on, 368, 370, 385, 394
      • Contingency guidance requested for, 389
      • Continuation of CTB talks and, 244
      • CTB working group in CD as discussed in, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 393
      • Disagreement with U.S. positions expected at, 373, 377, 379
      • Failure to complete CTB before, 232, 237
      • Israeli nuclear weapons development as issue in, 386
      • Latin American preparations for, 450
      • Need for CTB before, 211, 224, 225
      • NPT as supported at, 391, 393
      • Nuclear power, 393
      • Nuclear testing moratorium, 386
      • Pakistan as issue in, 375, 385
      • Progress in CTB before, 240, 248
      • Reports on, 386
      • Results of, 391, 393
      • SALT Treaty ratification as advocated in, 391
      • SCC meetings on, 386, 388, 389
      • South African nuclear weapons development as issue in, 385, 386
      • Trilateral talks at, 387
      • U.S. diplomatic actions in advance of, 375
    • Nuclear accident reporting, 481, 486, 488
    • Nuclear experts meeting (Paris, June 1977), 347
    • Nuclear Free Zones (see also Tlatelolco Treaty)
    • Nuclear fuel (see also Nuclear reprocessing)
      • As restricted to IAEA-approved countries, 236
      • Assurance of access to, 358, 394
      • Australian exports of, 383
      • Brazilian imports from the United States of, 424
      • Cutoff and transfer agreements
      • European transfers of, 396, 424
      • Exports to Europe of, 362
      • For nuclear-powered Naval vessels, 484, 492
      • Fuel bank for, 358, 364
      • Mexican imports of, 449
      • NRDC request for denial of sales to FRG of, 333
      • Options for augmenting supply of, 392
      • Parity pricing for, 358
      • Retransfers of, 339
      • Sales of, 319, 371
      • Sensitive transfers of, 318, 319, 348, 364
      • Storage of foreign spent fuel, 343, 364, 365
      • Suspension of shipment to India of, 342
      • Transfer of weapons-grade material into, 478, 482, 483, 484, 485
      • U.S. as supplier of, 325, 379, 458
    • Nuclear materials and equipment. See Germany, Federal Republic of, nuclear sales to Brazil; Latin America.
    • Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act (NNPA) (1977), 211, 364, 366, 373, 377, 385
      • Canadian heavy water production technology exports to Argentina, 452
      • FRG–U.S. discussions of, 384
      • India as affected by, 211
      • Passage and signing of, 364, 366
      • Requirements of, 395
      • U.S. non-proliferation objectives as affected by, 373
    • Nuclear power
      • As status symbol, 342
      • Divisions in U.S. attitudes toward, 395
      • French program for, 349
      • Latin America, 416
      • NPT Review Conference understandings on, 393
      • Reprocessing as unnecessary for,