330. Presidential Directive/NSC–81
- The Vice President
- The Secretary of State
- The Secretary of Defense
- The Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
- The Administrator, Energy Research and Development Administration
- The Director of Central Intelligence
- The Chairman, Nuclear Regulatory Commission
- The Assistant to the President for Energy Policy
- Nuclear Non-Proliferation Policy (C)
It shall be a principal U.S. security objective to prevent the spread of nuclear explosive—or near explosive—capabilities to countries which do not now possess them. To this end U.S. non-proliferation policy shall be directed at preventing the development and use of sensitive nuclear power technologies which involve direct access to plutonium, highly enriched uranium, or other weapons useable material in non-nuclear weapons states, and at minimizing the global accumulation of these materials.
1. Specifically, the U.S. will seek a pause among all nations in sensitive nuclear developments in order to initiate and actively participate in, an intensive international nuclear fuel cycle re-evaluation program (IFCEP) whose technical aspects shall concern the development and promotion of alternative, non-sensitive, nuclear fuel cycles. This program will include both nuclear supplier and recipient nations.
2. For its part the United States Government will:
—Indefinitely defer the commercial reprocessing and recycle of plutonium in the U.S.
—Restructure the U.S. breeder reactor program so as to emphasize alternative designs to the plutonium breeder, and to meet a later date for possible commercialization. As a first step the need for the current prototype reactor, the Clinch River project, will be reassessed.
—Redirect the funding of U.S. nuclear research and development programs so as to concentrate on the development of alternative nuclear fuel cycles which do not involve access to weapons useable materials.
—Provide incentives, in the area of nuclear fuel assurances and spent fuel storage, to encourage the participation of other nations in the International Fuel Cycle Evaluation Program. Detailed studies of these programs shall be carried out by the NSC Ad Hoc Group established herein, and submitted to me as directed in the accompanying memorandum.
—Initiate a program of assistance to other nations in the development of non-nuclear means of meeting energy needs.
—Increase production capacity for nuclear fuels.
3. It shall also be U.S. policy to strengthen the existing non-proliferation regime: by encouraging the widest possible adherence to the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and to comprehensive international safeguards; by strengthening and improving the IAEA; and by providing stronger sanctions against the violation of nuclear agreements. There[Page 832]fore the U.S. will announce its intention to terminate nuclear cooperation with any non-nuclear weapons state that hereafter
—detonates or demonstrably acquires a nuclear explosive device; or
—terminates or materially violates international safeguards or any guarantees it has given to the United States.
4. In order to implement these policies to perform the necessary studies, and to coordinate departmental activities in the non-proliferation field, I hereby establish an NSC Ad Hoc Group, to be chaired by the Department of State, and to include the Presidential Assistant for Energy. This group shall establish task forces, chaired by the appropriate agencies, to perform, among others, the tasks detailed in the accompanying memorandum.