[Page 925]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Aaron, David L.:
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 150
      • COCOM, 263
      • Fishing boat violations, 27
      • Iran hostage crisis, 243
      • Memo to Carter, 153
      • Mengistu meeting with, 83
      • Olympic Games and human rights, 147
      • Olympic Games boycott, SCC meetings on, 262, 263
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 245, 251, 256
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 210, 219, 264
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 267
      • U.S. waiver proposal for Jackson-Vanik amendment, 193
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 196, 197, 203, 204
      • Visit to Europe (June 1979), 196
    • Advance notification of weapons testing, 3, 21
    • Aeroflot office bombing, 47
    • Aeroflot servicing, 306
    • Afghanistan (see also Soviet invasion of Afghanistan):
      • As non-aligned state, 278
      • Cuban advisory personnel in, 194
      • Dubs’ kidnapping and killing, 171, 246
      • Pakistan, relations with, 278
      • Poison gas use, reports of, 272
      • Refugees from, 256, 271
      • Soviet military aid to, 203
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 204
      • Superpower involvement in, 230
      • U.S. call for transitional government in, 282
      • U.S. demand for removal of Karmal government, 291, 296
      • U.S. interference in (Pravda article), 185
      • U.S. relations with, 204, 252
      • U.S. role in, 185
    • Africa:
      • Cuban involvement in, 115
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 54
    • African-American unemployment levels, 17
    • African Football Confederation, 265
    • Agreement On the Prevention of Nuclear War, 200, 271
    • Agreements, international (see also Comprehensive Test Ban; Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty):
      • Austrian State Treaty (May 1955), 199, 266, 278
      • Biological Weapons Convention (Apr. 1972), 267, 269, 270, 290, 294, 297, 304
      • Convention on Environmental Modification, 90, 92
      • Egyptian-Israeli Treaty (Mar. 1979), 204
      • Law of the Sea, 104
      • Panama Canal Treaty, 53
      • Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin (1971), 3, 7, 12, 21, 204
      • Treaty of Friendship, Good Neighborliness and Cooperation (Soviet Union-Afghanistan) (1978), 246, 261, 302
      • Treaty of Tlatelolco (1969), 32
    • Agreements, Soviet-U.S. (see also Basic Principles of Relations (Soviet Union-United States) (1972); Strategic Arms Limitation Talks):
      • Accident measures, 21
      • Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, 18, 47, 48
      • Embassy construction, 21, 39
      • General Exchange Agreement, 252
      • Maritime, 21
      • On the Prevention of Nuclear War, 200, 271
      • Science and Technology Agreement (1977), 17, 36, 39
      • Soviet proposals for, 12
      • Space, 17, 39
      • Underground Nuclear Testing, 4, 278
    • Agriculture, U.S. Department of, 275
    • Agriculture Joint Committee, 252
    • Air disaster (Canary Islands, Mar. 1977), 17
    • Air Force Reserve, U.S., 186
    • Air National Guard, 186
    • Air travel, 207
    • Aircraft (see also Bombers; Strategic Arms Limitation Talks):
    • Alaska, 53
    • Albright, Madeleine, 216, 276
    • ALCOA, 263
    • Aleksandrov-Agentov, Anatoly M.:
      • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
      • Toon-Brezhnev talks (Nov. 1977), 59
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 17, 23, 103, 156
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197, 200, 203, 207
    • Algeria, 54
    • All-European Conference, 229
    • All-Union Council of Evangelical Christian Baptists, 170
    • Allen, Richard, 311, 313
    • Allende, Salvador, 307
    • Allon, Yigal, 20
    • Amin, Hafizullah, 171, 247, 266, 278
    • Amin, Idi, 19, 230, 266
    • Amstutz, Bruce, 171, 244
    • Andean Pact Foreign Ministers Meeting (Quito, Mar. 1980), 265
    • Anderson, David:
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 72, 83
      • Middle East, 71
      • Nuclear weapons development, 90
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Diplomatic expulsions, 73
        • Strains in, 64
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks, 53, 54, 62, 71, 72, 87, 90
      • Vance-Solomentsev talks, 63
      • Vance’s meeting with U.S. Jewish leaders, 105
    • Anderson, Jack, 241, 264
    • Andreani, Jacques, 33
    • Andropov, Yuri, 191
    • Angola:
      • Cuban intervention in, 3, 44, 86, 115, 230
      • Soviet-Cuban victory in, 78
      • Soviet position, 85
      • Superpower involvement in, 230
      • U.S. relations with, 256
    • Anthrax, 267, 270, 272, 290, 306
    • Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, 18, 47, 48
    • Anti-satellite systems (ASAT) (see also Strategic Arms Limitation Talks):
      • Carter letter to Brezhnev on, 58
      • Partial agreement on control of, 203
      • Prospect for U.S.-Soviet talks on, 85
      • Soviet willingness to agree on, 197
      • Toon-Brezhnev talks on, 59
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 53
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 21, 203
    • Anti-Semitism, 25, 140
    • Antigua, 265
    • Arab Deterrent Force, 151
    • Arab League, 52
    • Arabian Peninsula, 204
    • Arafat, Yassir:
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 55, 56
      • Soviet attitude toward, 25
      • UN troops held by Palestinians, 136
      • Visits to Moscow, 45, 90, 93
    • Arbatov, Georgiy A., 26, 39, 68, 266, 277
    • Arc of crisis theory, 204, 278
    • Arensburger, Dmitri, 201, 204
    • Argentina, 32, 275
    • ARMCO, 263
    • Armenia, 38, 170, 273
    • Arms control (see also Strategic Arms Limitation Talks):
      • Brezhnev-Carter message exchanges on, 3, 7
      • Comprehensive proposal for, 18
      • Need for, 315
      • Soviet position, 279, 306
      • U.S. commitment to, 304
      • U.S.-Soviet consultation on, 87
    • Arms Control Act, 47
    • Arms transfers:
      • By Western European countries, 20, 168
      • Carter-Brezhnev talks on, 203
      • Reductions in, 3, 53
      • Third-nation involvement in, 3
      • To Iran, 20, 53, 75, 85
      • To Israel, 20, 90
      • To Middle East, 90
      • To People’s Republic of China, 150, 168
      • To Saudi Arabia, 85, 90
      • To Southern Africa, 20
      • To third-world countries, 20
      • U.S. and Soviet Union as main exporters, 20
      • U.S. position, 17
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks on, 23
    • Assad, Hafiz al-:
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 19, 56
      • Lebanese civil war, 151
      • Vance’s meeting with (Sept. 1978), 151
      • Visits to Moscow, 15, 83, 85
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), 175, 256
    • Aswan Dam, 71
    • Atherton, Alfred L., 62, 79, 81
    • Australia, 175, 262, 265, 275
    • Austria, 199, 266, 278
    • Austrian State Treaty (May 1955), 199, 266, 278
    • Automotive production equipment, 250
    • AWACS systems, 53, 256, 303
    • Azhari, Gen. Gholam Reza, 158
    • Bader, William B., 264
    • Bahamas, 265
    • Bahrain, 265
    • Baker, Howard H., 163
    • Bakhturin, Sergey, 171
    • Baldwin, James, 17
    • Bangladesh, 265
    • Barbados, 265
    • Barre, Mohamed Siad:
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 65, 88, 92
      • U.S. strategy toward, 183
      • Visit to China, 109
      • Visit to Moscow, 115
    • Barry, Robert L.:
      • Afghanistan, Vance’s démarche to Soviets on, 185
      • Baltimore port stop of Soviet ship, 281
      • Iran hostage crisis, 237, 241
      • Muskie-Dobrynin talks, 306
      • PDRY invasion of YAR, 179
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 212
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, U.S. démarche on, 239
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 307
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 267
      • Vietnamese incursions into Thailand, 238
    • Bartholomew, Reginald H.:
      • Carter-Dobrynin talks, 61
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 150
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks, 302
      • Olympic Games and human rights, 147
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 264
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 290
      • Theater nuclear forces, 299
      • Upgrading of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 124
      • U.S. strategic exercises in simulation of nuclear war, 186, 187
      • Vance-Gromyko talks, 102, 121
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), Plenary meetings, 200, 207
    • Basic Principles of Relations (Soviet Union-United States) (1972):
      • Joint Declaration on Consultations, 205
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as violation of, 248
      • Soviet position, 4, 10, 158
      • U.S. position, 96, 103, 137
    • Becker, Jane, 239
    • Begin, Menachem:
      • Carter’s Camp David invitation, 138
      • Palestinian state, 71
      • Peace initiatives of, 67, 70
      • Signing of Framework documents, 144
      • Visit to the United States, (1978), 90, 102
    • Begun, Joseph, Arrest of, 69
    • Belgian Formula, 252
    • Belgium, 265
    • Belgrade Conference. See Meetings, Belgrade (Oct. 1977-Mar. 1978) under Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
    • Bell, Griffin, 304
    • Berbera, 20, 32
    • Bergold, Harry, 46
    • Berlin:
      • German Democratic Republic’s encroachment on, 33
      • Quadripartite Agreement on (1971), 3, 7, 12, 21, 204
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 21
    • Bermuda, 265
    • Bessmertnykh, Alexander A.:
      • Arms transfers, 53
      • Baltimore port stop of Soviet ship, 281
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 150
      • Cuban-Soviet relations, 230
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 75, 93
      • INFCE, 54
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 93
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks, 281
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 235
      • Shulman’s meetings with, 75, 93, 217, 230
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 217, 230
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 118, 122
      • Theater nuclear forces, 230, 254
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 230, 271
      • Vlasova case, 213, 230
      • Watson-Gromyko meetings, 281
    • Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali, 175
    • Biden, Joseph, Vlasova case, 213
    • Binder, David, 109
    • Biological Warfare Review Conference, 267, 269, 270
    • Biological Weapons Convention (Apr. 1972), 267, 269, 270, 290, 294, 297, 304
    • Blackwill, Robert D., 313
    • Bloomfield, Lincoln, 273
    • Blumenthal, W. Michael:
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 190, 198
      • Joint Commercial Commission, 17
      • Patolichev meeting with (Nov. 1977), 46, 57
      • Visit to Beijing (Feb. 1979), 175, 178
      • Visit to Moscow (Dec 1978), 161
    • Bodine, Barbara, 179
    • Bolivia, 265
    • Bombers (see also Aircraft; Strategic Arms Limitation Talks):
      • Averaging of ALCMs on, 153, 154
      • B–1, 18, 32, 36, 39
      • B–52, 18, 166
      • Backfire:
        • Congressional discussion of, 53, 55, 109
        • Dobrynin-Carter talks on, 3
        • Flight profile for, 104
        • Helsinki Summit discussions of, 18
        • Importance to U.S. of, 95
        • Intercontinental capacity for, 3
        • Lack of agreement on, 13
        • Production rate of, 166
        • Refuelings of, 121
        • SALT II arrangement on, 203
        • Soviet draft statement on, 154
        • Soviet provision of data on, 14
        • Soviet rejection of U.S. concern over, 12, 27, 109
        • TNF role of, 230
        • Vance-Brezhnev talks on, 23, 26
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 92
        • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 18, 99, 101, 109, 154
      • Bear, 166
      • Bison, 166
      • Heavy, 153, 154
      • TU–22–M, 121
    • Botswana, 265
    • Boutros, Fouad, 45
    • Bowdler, William, 259
    • Bowie, Robert, 46
    • Braibanti, Ralph, 220
    • Bratteli, Trygve, 122
    • Brazil, 20, 32
    • Breckon, Lyall, 76
    • Breeder reactors, 17
    • Brement, Marshall:
      • Cuban-Soviet relations, 230
      • Dissidents in the Soviet Bloc, 273
      • Grain export embargo, 275
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 265
      • SCC meetings, 216, 251, 262, 264
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 251
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 307, 313
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba:
        • Brigade exercise, 264
        • SCC meetings on, 216, 264
        • Soviet command structure, 210
        • Soviet oral message on, 219
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 267, 290
      • Theater nuclear forces, 230, 298
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Bessmertnykh’s talks on, 230
        • Organizing Department of State to deal with, 275
        • Soviet public opinion on, 271
        • U.S. domestic political aspects of, 255
      • Vlasova case, 218, 230
    • Bremer, Paul L., III (Jerry):
      • Muskie-Dobrynin talks, 306
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 212
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 239, 248
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 307
      • Vietnamese incursions into Thailand, 238
    • Brewster, Kingman, 263
    • Brezhnev, Leonid I. (see also Brezhnev-Carter message exchanges):
      • Anti-satellite systems, 58, 59
      • Arc of crisis theory, 204
      • Arms control, 3, 7
      • Arms transfers, 203
      • As Chairman of the Presidium, 32
      • Backfire bomber, 23, 26, 166, 203
      • Berlin, 204
      • Carter visit, invitation for, 206
      • Chemical and radiological weapons, 203
      • Comprehensive test-ban, 59, 203
      • Confidence-building measures, 206
      • Cruise missiles, 14, 29, 77
      • Détente, 1
      • Dissidents, 206
      • Ford, correspondence with, 21
      • Forward-based systems, 23
      • French CCD participation, 47
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 59, 60, 61, 67, 84
      • Health of, 33, 34, 37, 59, 73, 156, 191
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 67, 70
      • Human rights, 206
      • Iran, 158, 160
      • Iran hostage crisis, 236, 243
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 144, 182, 204
      • Joint Agreement on Consultations, 205
      • Le Monde interview (June 1977), 39
      • Lebanese civil war, 151, 152
      • MBFR, 23, 203, 229
      • Meetings with Carter:
      • MFN status, 17
      • Middle East, 4, 7, 12, 70, 144
      • MIG–25 pilot defection to Japan, 21
      • MIRVs, 3, 14, 77, 103
      • Neutron bombs, 70, 76, 77, 84, 103, 203
      • Nixon summit with (1972), 197
      • Non-use of force, 59, 60, 204
      • NPT, 41
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 233, 234, 235
      • Nuclear forward-based systems, 23
      • Nuclear-free Mediterranean Sea proposal, 203
      • Nuclear non-first use, 59, 60, 203
      • PD 59, 304
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 59
      • People’s Republic of China invasion of Vietnam, 172, 173, 175
      • Phone call to Vance, 16
      • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 58, 59, 60
      • Remarks to Justice Burger, 47
      • SALT II:
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 41, 87
      • Southern Africa, 4, 204
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 246, 248
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 311
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 226, 228
      • Speeches:
        • Alma-Ata (Aug. 1980), 306
        • East Berlin, 230
        • Komsomol, 104, 120
        • Sixtieth Anniversary of the Soviet Union (Nov. 1977), 58, 59, 64
        • Trade Union Congress (26th) (Moscow, Mar. 1977), 17, 39
        • Tula (Jan. 18, 1977), 1, 17, 32, 39
      • Strategic arms transfers, Vance’s talks on, 23
      • Telemetry encryption, 180, 181, 184, 206
      • Theater nuclear forces, 266, 298, 299, 301
      • Toon’s meetings with, 30, 31, 34, 35, 59, 61
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations:
        • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 150
        • Carter’s message exchange with, 161, 163, 169
        • Carter’s talks with, 203, 204, 206
        • Muskie-Gromyko talks on, 278
        • Vance’s talks on, 103
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
        • Basic principles of, 4, 278
        • Effect of Soviet politics on, 32, 44
        • Obstacles to cooperation, 207
        • Soviet claims of hostile U.S. propaganda, 137
        • Soviet perspectives on, 84
        • Vance’s talks on, 17
      • U.S. strategic exercises in simulation of nuclear war, 186, 187
      • Vance-Gromyko talks, 34, 35
      • Vance’s talks with:
      • Vance’s visit to Moscow (Apr. 1978), 94
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197, 200, 203, 204, 207
      • Vietnamese incursions into Thailand, 238, 242
      • Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, 173
      • Visits:
        • France (June 1977), 30, 32, 39
        • United States (proposed), 96, 205
      • Vladivostok Summit, 1, 17, 18
      • Vlasova case, 214, 230
      • Warnke’s meeting with, 142
      • Watson’s meeting with, 289
    • Brezhnev-Carter message exchanges:
    • Bridges, Peter S., 151
    • British Honduras, 265
    • British Olympic Association, 265
    • Brody, Clifford, 80
    • Brown, Harold:
      • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
      • Brzezinski’s and Muskie’s meeting with, 314
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, Sept. 1978, 150
      • Cruise missiles, 36
      • MBFR, 203
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 233
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262
      • SALT, 134, 302
      • SCC meetings, 251, 262
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 251, 252, 253
      • Soviet military buildup in the Caribbean, 192
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 311, 312
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 230, 264
      • U.S. aim for nuclear superiority, 230
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197, 200, 203, 204, 207
      • Visit to People’s Republic of China, 256
      • Western European arms transfers to People’s Republic of China, 168
    • Brown, Kent, 76
    • Brzezinski, Zbigniew:
      • Brezhnev-Carter meeting (proposed), 31
      • Brezhnev’s health, 33, 37, 191
      • Brezhnev’s messages to Carter, 76
      • Brown’s and Muskie’s meeting with, 314
      • Carter-Brezhnev meeting (possible), 74
      • Carter-Dobrynin talks, 3, 27, 61, 176
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 149, 150
      • Carter’s letter to Sakharov, 8, 9
      • Carter’s messages to Brezhnev, 13, 15, 67, 232
      • Dissidents in the Soviet Bloc, 273
      • Distribution of U.S. literature in Soviet Bloc countries, 162, 209, 280, 284, 287
      • Dobrynin’s talks with:
        • June 1977, 31
        • Jan. 1978, 74
        • Mar. 1978, 91
        • Apr. 1978, 97
        • Sept. 1978, 146
        • Nov. 1978, 157, 159
        • Mar. 1980, 268
        • July 1980, 291
        • Possibilities of, 6
      • Dresser case, 141
      • Economic denial measures’ impact on Soviet Union, 257
      • Elections (U.S. 1980), 291
      • Filatov case, 159
      • Fishing boat violations, 27
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 61
      • Gromyko visit (Washington, Sept. 1977), 48
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 65, 74, 78, 86
      • Human rights, 10
      • Lebanese civil war, 151
      • Messages:
        • From Tuchman Mathews, 147
        • To Vance, 99
      • Middle East, 31
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 235
      • Nuclear non-first use, 74
      • Olympic Games and human rights, 147
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262
      • PDRY attack on YAR, 176, 179
      • People’s Republic of China invasion of Vietnam, 172, 173
      • Press conference (Apr. 1, 1977), 49
      • Prisoner exchange, 188, 195
      • Sakharov letters to Carter, 2
      • SALT, 27, 31, 291
      • SCC meetings, 216, 245, 251, 262, 264
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 211
      • Soviet criticisms of U.S. foreign policy, 98
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan:
        • Grain export embargo, 275
        • NSC decisions on, 252
        • SCC meetings on, 245, 251
        • U.S. long-term strategy for, 256
        • U.S.-Soviet relations as affected by, 248, 291
      • Soviet military buildup in the Caribbean, 192
      • Soviet military intervention in Iran, possible, 258
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 300, 311, 312, 313, 314
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216, 219, 264
      • Soviet response to dissent, 38
      • Soviet views of, 98, 103, 120, 271
      • Strikes in Poland, 288
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 290
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 122, 123
      • Theater nuclear forces, 298
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 163, 169
      • U.S. presidential election (1980), 291
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
        • Embassy construction, 124
        • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as affecting, 248, 291
        • Strains in, 64
        • Trade, 46
        • U.S. domestic political aspects of, 255
        • U.S. perspectives on, 32
      • U.S. waiver proposal for Jackson-Vanik amendment, 193
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks, 43, 47
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vance’s welcome to Moscow, 16
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979):
        • Carter’s desire for, 176
        • Plenary meetings, 200, 203, 204, 207
        • Scheduling for, 197
        • U.S. objectives for, 196, 197
        • U.S. strategy for, 197
      • Vlasova case, 218
      • Western European arms transfers to People’s Republic of China, 168
      • Woodbridge Two, 109, 130, 157
    • Bucy, J. Fred, 141
    • Buczacki, Jeffrey, 220
    • Bukovskiy, Vladimir, 6, 17, 38, 39, 273
    • Burger, Warren, 47
    • Burma, 265
    • Bush, George H. W., 276
    • Butcher, W. Scott, 306
    • Byelorussia, 170
    • Byrd, Robert, 278
    • Cairo Conference (see also Camp David talks; Egypt; Israel; Israeli-Egyptian peace talks; Middle East):
      • Jordanian nonparticipation in, 63
      • Planning for, 62, 63
      • PLO nonparticipation in, 63
      • Soviet nonparticipation in, 63
      • Soviet perspective on, 64
      • Syrian nonparticipation in, 63, 71
    • Cambodia:
    • Camp David talks (see also Cairo Conference; Egypt; Israel; Israeli-Egyptian peace talks; Middle East):
      • Carter invitation for, 138
      • Palestinian rights under Accords, 204, 244
      • Signing of Accords at, 144, 148
      • Soviet opposition to, 139, 150
      • U.S. position, 150
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 145
      • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 148
    • Canada:
      • Fishing rights, 250
      • Grain export embargo, 275
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 265
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 207
      • Venice Summit (June 1980), 292
    • Canary Islands air disaster (Mar. 1977), 17
    • Cape Verde, 265
    • Caramanlis, Constantine, 121
    • Caribbean:
      • Cuban revolutionary activities in, 220
      • Prohibition of nuclear weapons in, 32
      • Soviet military buildup in, 192, 210, 216
      • U.S. economic and military competition with Cuba in, 225
    • Carlucci, Frank, 216, 245, 251, 256
    • Carswell, Robert, 263, 275
    • Carter, Amy, 208
    • Carter, Hodding, 264
    • Carter, James Earl (see also Brezhnev-Carter message exchanges):
      • Advance notice of missile firings, 21
      • Angola, 115
      • Anti-satellite systems, 58, 203
      • Arms control, 3, 7, 304
      • Arms transfers, 3, 20, 53, 85, 90, 203
      • As Governor of Georgia, 17
      • B–1 bomber cancellation, 36, 39
      • Backfire bomber, 3, 95, 203
      • Brezhnev visit, invitation for, 205
      • Brzezinski-Dobrynin talks, 74, 146
      • Camp David talks, 138, 150
      • Chemical and radiological weapons, 203
      • COCOM, 263
      • Comprehensive test ban, 115, 150
      • Confidence-building measures, 206
      • Cruise missiles, 3, 27, 29, 77
      • Détente, 1, 204, 271
      • Dissidents in the Soviet Union, 131, 206
      • Distribution of U.S. literature in Soviet Bloc countries, 209
      • Dobrynin’s perspectives on, 3
      • Dobrynin’s talks with, 3, 7, 27, 61, 176
      • Economic denial measures’ impact on Soviet Union, 257
      • Economic Summit Meeting (Bonn, July 1978), 136, 140, 150
      • Fishing boat violations, 27
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 19, 60, 61, 67
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 67, 70, 93, 115
      • Human rights, 2, 115
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization, 3, 203
      • Iran hostage crisis, 236, 243
      • Iran-Iraq War, 303
      • Israel, 44
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 144, 182, 204
      • Joint Agreement on Consultations, 205
      • Katangan invasion of Zaire, 115
      • Lebanese civil war, 151, 152
      • MBFR, 3, 50, 150, 203, 229
      • Meetings:
      • Messages:
      • Middle East:
        • Brezhnev letter exchange on, 7, 12, 70, 144
        • Camp David invitation to Israel and Egypt, 138
        • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 150
        • Geneva Conference on, 19, 60, 61, 67
      • MIRVs, 3, 14, 77
      • Missile reductions, 3
      • MLBMs, 29
      • Muskie-Gromyko meetings, 302
      • Namibia, 176
      • Neutron bombs, 70, 76, 84, 103, 104
      • Non-use of force, 60
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 233, 234
      • Nuclear-free Mediterranean Sea proposal, 203
      • Nuclear fuel sales to countries not signatory to NPT, 202, 203
      • Nuclear non-first use, 60, 203
      • Olympic Games boycott, 259, 262, 263, 265
      • Palestinian state, 71
      • Panama Canal, 44
      • PD 59, 302, 304
      • PDRY attack on YAR, 176
      • People’s Republic of China invasion of Vietnam, 44, 172, 173, 175, 176, 204
      • Press conferences:
        • Aug. 23, 1977, 44
        • Jan. 12, 1978, 72
        • Apr. 25, 1978, 104
        • Feb. 13, 1980, 289
      • Prisoner exchange, 195
      • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 58, 59, 60
      • Ratification of agreements by U.S. Congress, 7
      • Rhodesia, 44, 150, 176, 204
      • SALT II:
        • Ambiguities in Gromyko’s “core” statement, 134
        • Determination for ratification of, 81, 85, 260, 302
        • Gromyko’s talks on, 48, 50, 51, 59
        • Messages from Brezhnev on, 4, 12, 14, 70, 181, 189
        • Messages to Brezhnev on, 7, 11, 13, 15, 58, 77, 142, 143
        • Shulman-Arbatov talks on, 26
        • Signing of treaty, 207, 208
        • U.S. desire for, 1
        • U.S. domestic opposition to, 77, 84
        • U.S. view of Soviet strategy in, 96
      • SALT III, 6, 202, 203
      • Sanctuaries for submarines, 202, 203
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 211
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 41, 42
      • Southern Africa, 204
      • Soviet attacks on, 279
      • Soviet compliance with CSCE, 34, 36
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 253, 255, 256, 261, 285, 289
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 309, 312, 314
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba:
        • Brezhnev letter on, 228
        • Influence on Carter of, 255
        • SCC meeting on, 216
        • Soviet command structure, 210
        • SR–71 flights, 264
        • Vance-Gromyko discussions of, 226
      • Soviet nuclear testing, 304
      • Soviet prediction of re-election for, 271
      • Soviet-U.S. trade, 22, 150
      • Soviet views of, 32, 98
      • Speeches:
        • Annapolis (June 1978), 255
        • B’nai B’rith (Sept. 1976), 69
        • Charleston, SC (July 1977), 39
        • Inaugural (Jan. 1977), 3, 9, 103
        • Iran/Afghanistan, 252
        • Notre Dame (May 1977), 39
        • On Soviet military presence in Cuba/SALT, 228
        • State of the Union (1980), 260, 271
        • Wake Forest (Mar. 1978), 93, 103
      • Telemetry encryption, 180, 181, 184, 206
      • Theater nuclear forces, 298, 299, 301
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations:
        • Brezhnev message exchange on, 161, 163, 169
        • Brezhnev’s talks with, 203, 204, 206
        • Gromyko’s talks on, 150
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
        • Basic principles of, 4
        • Dresser case, 141
        • Obstacles to cooperation, 207
        • Organizing Department of State to deal with, 275
        • Shulman-Gromyko talks on, 32, 44
        • Soviet perspectives on, 84
        • Soviets arrested on espionage charges, 109
        • U.S. domestic political aspects of, 255
        • U.S. perspectives on, 32
      • U.S. strategic exercises in simulation of nuclear war, 186, 187
      • U.S. strategic nuclear capabilities, 93
      • U.S. waiver proposal for Jackson-Vanik amendment, 193
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks (Mar. 1977), 16, 17
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vance’s discussions with Chinese Liaison Office, 27
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979):
        • Desire for, 176
        • Influence on Carter of, 255
        • Plenary meetings, 200, 203, 204, 207
        • Pre-signing statement of, 207
        • Scheduling for, 197
        • U.S. objectives for, 196, 197
        • U.S. strategy for, 197
      • Vietnamese incursions into Thailand, 238, 242
      • Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, 172, 176, 204
      • Visits:
        • Egypt (Mar. 1979), 179
        • Europe (Jan. 1978), 76
        • Mexico (Feb. 1979), 173
        • Poland (Dec. 1977), 273
        • Soviet Union (proposed), 206
      • Vladivostok Summit, 17
      • Vlasova case, 214, 230
      • Western European arms transfers to People’s Republic of China, 168
    • Carter, Rosalynn, 208
    • Carter Doctrine, 256
    • Cassidy, Robert, 263
    • Castro, Fidel, 115, 227
    • Castro, Raul, 81, 92
    • Castrodale, Richard, 117
    • Central America, 194, 220, 225
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
      • Anticipated Soviet moves in Shcharanskiy Case (memo), 68
      • Distribution of U.S literature in Soviet Bloc countries, 280, 284, 287
      • ER 80–1037, 250
      • ER M 77–10525, 40, 46
      • Information Cable on Soviet/Cuban military support for Ethiopia, 66
      • Intelligence Memoranda, RPM 77–10184, 38
      • Intelligence Memorandum (undeclassified), 286
      • PA M–80–10389, 300
      • Possible responses to Soviet/Cuban intervention in the Horn of Africa, 86
      • “Soviet Dissident Scene since Mid-1978” (memorandum), 170
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, SCC meetings on, 245, 251, 275
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, prospects for, 300
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216
      • Soviet views on actions of, 17
      • “Suppression of Dissidents,” 274
      • Upgrading of U.S. Embassy in Moscow, 124
    • Chad, 115, 265
    • Chai Zemin, 175, 196
    • Chemical weapons:
      • Carter-Brezhnev talks on, 203
      • Poison gas reported used in Afghanistan, 272
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as affecting talks on, 252
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 21
    • Chernenko, Konstantin U., 191, 200, 203, 207
    • Chernyayev, Rudolf (see also Enger, Valdik; Woodbridge Two):
      • Piper and Whitney arrest seen as retaliation for arrest of, 129
      • Prisoner exchange, 146, 188
      • Soviet non-paper on, 125, 157
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 109, 120
    • Chess, 146
    • Chile, 103, 265
    • China, People’s Republic of:
      • Afghan rebels as supported by, 266
      • Arms purchases by, 150
      • As military threat, 206, 230
      • Carter statements on, 44
      • Civil defense program, 21
      • COCOM’s favoring of, over Soviet Union, 252
      • Comprehensive test-ban, 3, 203
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit (1979), 173, 175
      • India, relations with, 256
      • Invasion of Vietnam by:
      • MFN status for, 198
      • Nuclear non-proliferation, 20, 45
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 265
      • Party Congress (1977), 45
      • Signing of treaty with Japan, 90, 150
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 32, 278
      • Threat to neighboring countries of, 206
      • U.S. export of dual-use technology to, 225
      • U.S. military aid to, 47, 169
      • U.S. relations with:
        • Carter-Brezhnev message exchange on, 161, 163, 169
        • Carter-Brezhnev talks on, 203, 204, 206
        • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 150
        • Horn of Africa dispute’s effect on, 78
        • Muskie-Gromyko talks on, 278
        • Normalization of, 161, 163, 169, 204, 278
        • SALT talk discussions, 121
        • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, as affecting, 249
        • U.S. position, 206
        • Vance-Brezhnev talks on, 103
      • U.S. talks with, 45
      • Vance’s visit to Moscow (Mar 1977), 27
      • Western European arms transfers to, 168
    • Chirac, Jacques, 32, 33
    • Chojecki, Miroslaw, 280
    • Christians:
    • Christopher, Warren M.:
      • Afghanistan, 185
      • Belgrade Conference, 25
      • Dobrynin’s discussions with, 171, 175, 178
      • Dubs’ kidnapping and killing, 171
      • Grain export embargo, 275
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 65
      • Iran hostage crisis, Soviet responses to U.S. démarches on, 241
      • Meeting with Chai Zemin, 175
      • Muskie-Dobrynin talks, 306
      • NAC meeting, 251
      • Olympic Games boycott, SCC meetings on, 262
      • People’s Republic of China invasion of Vietnam, 172, 178
      • SALT II, Ambiguities in Gromyko’s “core” statement, 134
      • SCC meetings, 245, 251, 262
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 41, 42
      • Soviet exhibition (Los Angeles), 57
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, SCC meetings on, 245, 251
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 264
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 267, 290, 294
      • Theater nuclear forces, 290, 291, 299
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 111, 117
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks (Mar. 1977), 17
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 196, 197
      • Vietnamese incursions into Thailand, 238
      • Visit to South Asia, 175
    • Chronica-Press, 2
    • Church, Frank F., 264
    • Civil aviation, 21, 252
    • Civil Defense, 3, 21
    • Clarke, Bruce, 264
    • Claytor, W. Graham, 216, 245, 251, 262, 263
    • Clifford, Clark, 21, 256
    • Clift, Denis, 46
    • COCOM, 40, 252, 263
    • Cold War, 200
    • Coleman, Fred, 191
    • Collins, James, 185
    • Colombia, 265
    • Colonialism, 204
    • Combs, Richard, 8, 9
    • Commerce, U.S. Department of, 25, 141, 263
    • Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), 105
    • Communicable Disease Center (Atlanta), 269
    • Communications, 2
    • Communications equipment, 250
    • Comoros, 265
    • Comprehensive Test Ban (CTB) (see also Agreements, international):
      • Brezhnev-Toon talks on, 59
      • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 115, 150
      • French participation in, 3, 203
      • Great Britain as party to negotiations on, 59, 60, 202, 203
      • Length of, 135
      • People’s Republic of China participation in, 3, 203
      • Soviet interest in, 31
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan’s effect on, 252
      • Soviet perspective on, 64
      • Submission to Congress of, 150
      • Third-party compliance, 3
      • U.S. position, 103
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 146
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 20, 50
      • Verification in, 115, 203
    • Computers, 31, 140, 250, 283
    • Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (CCD), 47, 203
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE):
      • Basket I, 21, 140
      • Basket II, 21, 140
      • Basket III:
        • As rallying point for dissidents, 38
        • Sakharov’s criticisms of Soviet observance of, 64
        • Soviet objections to focus on, 21, 25, 81, 140, 204
      • Carter’s report to Congress on Soviet compliance with, 34, 36
      • Final Act of, 4, 21
      • Meetings:
        • Belgrade (Oct. 1977–Mar. 1978):
          • Goldberg as U.S. Ambassador to, 48, 55, 273
          • Neutral/non-aligned draft in, 81
          • Soviet desire for control of dissidents during, 2, 38
          • Soviet draft proposal, 79
          • Soviet sensitivity over, 25
          • Soviet view of, 140
          • Soviet view of U.S. actions at, 98
          • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 21
        • Madrid (Nov., 1980–Sept., 1983):
          • As obstacle to Soviet intervention in Poland, 288
          • Muskie-Dobrynin talks on, 304
          • Soviet position, 279, 306
          • Soviet preparation for, 272
          • U.S. position, 295
          • U.S. preparation for, 232
      • Monitoring Group, 38, 170
      • Nuclear non-first use, 21
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, effect on, 252
    • Confidence-building measures, 204, 206
    • Congress, Acts of (see also Jackson-Vanik Amendment):
      • Arms Control Act, 47
      • Church Reservation, 264
      • Dole Amendment (proposed), 46
      • Foreign Assistance Bill (1980), 252
      • Glenn Non-proliferation Amendment, 252
      • Humphrey bill, 46
      • Humphrey-Findley Bill, 105
      • Stevenson Amendment, 22, 46
      • Symington Non-proliferation Amendment, 252
      • Trade Act (1972), 190
      • Trade Act (1974), 40, 46
    • Congress, U.S. (see also Congress, Acts of):
      • Backfire bomber, 53, 55, 109
      • Carter request for ratification of agreements by, 7
      • CSCE compliance report (Carter), 34, 36
      • CTB Treaty submission to, 150
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 223
    • Conservatives, U.S., 6, 278
    • Constitution, U.S., 17
    • Convention on Environmental Modification, 90, 92
    • Cook, Paul, 64
    • Coon, Jane, 239
    • Cooper, Richard, 46, 263, 275
    • Coordinating Committee (COCOM), 40, 252, 263
    • Corn, 253
    • Cosmos-954, 70, 73
    • Costa Rica, 265
    • Council on Emigrés in the Professions, 25
    • Counterintelligence, 124
    • Cranston, Alan, 85
    • Crawford, F. Jay, 133, 140
    • Crawford, William, 179
    • CRICON (Crisis Confrontation), 258
    • Crimean Tartars, 170
    • Cuba:
      • African involvement of, 115
      • Angolan intervention by, 3, 44, 78, 86, 115, 230
      • As factor in U.S.-Soviet relations, 194, 196
      • As potential NPT signatory, 32
      • Forces in Eritrea of, 109
      • Katangan invasion of Zaire as aided by, 115
      • Leadership role in Non-Aligned Movement, 194
      • Military aid/advisors for Ethiopia from:
        • CIA Information Cable on, 66
        • Possible U.S. responses to, 86
        • Soviet position, 103, 115
        • U.S. position, 77, 203
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 72, 85, 109
      • Military threat of, 194
      • Missile crisis (1962), 210, 219, 278
      • Overseas troops and advisors from, 194, 204
      • Panama Canal threat from, 194
      • Refugees from, 279
      • Revolutionary activities in the Caribbean, 220
      • Rhodesian role of, possible, 78
      • Soviet military aid to, 220
      • Soviet military presence in:
        • Brezhnev message to Carter on, 228
        • Brigade exercise, 264
        • Brigade-type unit, 217, 220, 230
        • Influence on Carter of, 255
        • SALT ratification as affected by, 224, 227
        • SCC meetings on, 216, 264
        • Setting up of command structure for, 210
        • Soviet oral messages on, 219, 222, 223
        • Soviet position, 261
        • Soviet prospect for MFN status as affected by, 227
        • Soviet view of U.S. handling of issue of, 277
        • SR–71 flights, 264
        • Talking points for Vance, 220
        • U.S. démarches on, 216
        • U.S. oral messages on, 223, 224
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 221, 222, 223, 224
        • Vance-Gromyko discussion of, 216, 217, 226, 227, 228
      • Soviet subsidies to, 194, 220
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 194, 204, 230
      • Training of terrorists by, 194
      • U.S. actions in Latin America to counter, 225
      • U.S. courses of action toward, 194
      • U.S. economic and military competition in the Caribbean with, 220
      • U.S. opposition to UNSC membership for, 225
      • U.S. relations with, 45, 256
      • U.S. strategy and objectives in Cuba, 225
      • Yemeni intervention by, 91, 146, 194, 260
      • Zimbabwe role of, possible, 78
    • Cutaneous Anthrax, 290
    • Cutler, Lloyd:
      • Grain export embargo, 275
      • Olympic Games boycott, 259, 262, 263, 265
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 264
    • Cyprus, 4, 21, 121
    • Czechoslovakia:
      • Distribution of literature in, 162
      • Nazi invasion of, 17
      • Soviet invasion of, 32, 38, 140, 248, 300
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, role in, 309, 312, 313
      • Unrest in, 38
    • Daoud Khan, Mohammed, 266, 271
    • Darnton, John, 280
    • Dayan, Moshe, 81, 102, 104, 136
    • Deal, Timothy, 46, 275
    • Deep-well drilling, 141
    • DEFCON III, 258
    • Defense, U.S. Department of, 124, 154, 186, 263, 303
    • Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), 68, 194
    • Defense Planning Committee, 234
    • Defense Science Board, 141
    • Deng Xiaoping, 45, 90, 173, 175, 176, 196
    • Denktash, Rauf, 21, 121
    • Depressed SLBM trajectory, 143, 154, 203
    • Derazhnya, 48, 121
    • Derian, Patricia, 80, 105
    • Desai, Morarji, 30, 203
    • Détente:
      • Soviet desire for, 1, 17, 78
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland as affecting, 304
      • Soviet UNGA resolution on, 55, 57
      • U.S. abandonment of, 32
      • U.S. desire for, 1, 39, 204, 271
      • U.S.-Soviet talks on, 230
    • Detinov, N., 102, 115, 150
    • Diamond, Douglas, 275
    • Diego Garcia, 20, 203
    • Dikeos, Victor, 117
    • Disarmament:
      • Carter administration failures in, 3
      • Committee on, 47, 203
      • Special Sessions on (SSOD), 87, 90, 92, 102, 109, 120
      • UNGA discussions of, 21
      • World Conference on, 21
    • Dissent:
      • CIA report on, 68
      • Soviet government response to, 32, 38
    • Dissidents in the Soviet Bloc (see also Jews, Soviet):
      • Amnesty for, 59
      • Basket III as rallying point for, 38
      • Carter-Brezhnev discussion of, 206
      • Carter letter to Sakharov, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, 17, 39
      • Carter message to Brezhnev on, 131
      • Christians, 170, 273
      • CIA reports on, 68, 170, 274
      • Prisoner exchange of, 146, 157, 188, 195, 273
      • Sakharov letter to Carter, 2, 9
      • Slepak letter, 69
      • Soviet desire for control during Belgrade CSCE meeting of, 38
      • Students, 170
      • Suppression in advance of Olympics of, 274
      • Trade unionists, 170
      • Trials of, 140
      • U.S. actions in support of, 273, 304
    • Djibouti, 265
    • Dobrynin, Anatoliy (see also Vance-Dobrynin discussions):
      • ABM Treaty, 47, 48
      • Aeroflot office bombing, 47
      • Africa, 54
      • Anti-satellite systems, 53
      • Arms control, 87, 304
      • Arms transfers, 53
      • Backfire bomber, 3, 92
      • Brezhnev messages to Carter, 41, 70, 84
      • Brezhnev remarks to Justice Burger, 47
      • Brzezinski’s talks with:
        • June 1977, 31
        • Jan. 1978, 74
        • Mar. 1978, 91
        • Apr. 1978, 97
        • Sept. 1978, 146
        • Nov. 1978, 157, 159
        • Mar. 1980, 268
        • July 1980, 291
        • Possibilities of, 6
      • Carter as seen by, 3
      • Carter-Brezhnev meeting (proposed), 31, 74
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 150
      • Carter’s messages to Brezhnev, 11, 59
      • Carter’s talks with, 3, 7, 27, 61, 176
      • Christopher’s discussions with, 171, 175, 178
      • Comprehensive test ban, 146
      • Cruise missiles, 3, 27
      • Cuba missile crisis (1962), 219
      • Cuban military aid/advisors in Ethiopia, 72, 85, 109
      • Détente resolution in UNGA, 55, 57
      • Dubs’ kidnapping and killing, 171
      • Elections (U.S. 1980), 291
      • Emigration lists, 25
      • Environmental modification treaty, 90, 92
      • Father’s death, 219
      • Filatov case, 159
      • Fishing boat violations, 27, 272
      • French CCD participation, 47
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 52, 55, 61
      • Glagolev letter, 57
      • Gromyko’s visit (Sept. 1977), arrangements for, 47, 48, 49
      • Hijacking of aircraft, 55, 57
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 74
        • Vance’s discussions of:
          • Cuban military aid/advisors in Ethiopia, 72, 85, 109
          • Foreign observers in Ogaden, 88, 89, 93
          • OAU role in, 54, 65, 81, 83
          • Oral statement from U.S. leadership to Soviet leadership, 72, 75, 82
          • Political solution sought in, 65
          • Somali request for Soviet mediation assistance in, 87
          • Somalia’s withdrawal from Ethiopia, 88, 92
          • Soviet position, 85
      • Human rights, 10
      • Indian Ocean negotiations, 3, 83
      • INFCE, 54
      • Iran hostage crisis, 236
      • Iran-Iraq War, 303
      • Israel military intervention in Lebanon, 45, 92
      • Israeli nuclear weapons, 83, 90, 92
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 190, 198
      • Japan-PRC treaty signing, 90
      • Madrid Conference, 304
      • MBFR, 3, 73
      • MFN, 55, 198
      • Middle East:
        • Brzezinski’s talks on, 31
        • Israel-Egyptian peace talks, 71, 74, 77, 81, 102, 145
        • Palestinian representation at Geneva, 55, 56, 62
        • U.S.-Soviet joint statements, 47, 48, 52, 62
      • MIRVs, 3, 166
      • Missile reductions, 3
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks, 302
      • Muskie’s meetings with, 291, 303, 304, 306, 307
      • Namibia, 104, 176
      • Non-use of force, 48
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 233, 234
      • Nuclear non-first use, 48, 56, 74
      • PD 59, 304
      • PDRY attack on YAR, 176, 177, 179
      • People’s Republic of China invasion of Vietnam, 172, 178
      • Prisoner exchange, 188
      • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 55
      • Reliability as conveyor of messages, 276
      • Rhodesia, 48, 89, 176
      • Sadat visit to Washington (Feb. 1978), 79, 81
      • SALT:
        • As left on Senate calendar, 272
        • Brzezinski’s talks with, 31
        • Carter’s determination for ratification of, 81, 85
        • Implementation procedures for, 272
        • Prospects for ratification of, 291
        • Soviet compliance with, 83
        • Soviet views on treaty modification, 231
        • Timetable for, 3, 26
        • U.S. domestic opposition to, 77
        • Vance’s discussions of, 43, 45, 47, 48, 49, 53, 55
      • Shcharansky trial, 57
      • Shulman’s talks with, 36, 44, 48, 157
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 54, 87, 90, 92, 104
      • Soviet dissidents, 304
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 185, 291
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 304, 310
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 221, 222, 223, 224, 264
      • Soviet nuclear testing, 304
      • Soviet public opinion on, 271
      • Soviet UNGA détente resolution, 57
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 272, 290, 294, 304
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 118
      • Theater nuclear forces, 290, 291
      • U.N. Charter revision, 83
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 163
      • U.S. presidential election (1980), 291
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Brement-Bessmertnykh talks on, 230
        • Deterioration in, 272
        • Diplomatic expulsions, 73, 79
        • Embassy construction, 304
        • Embassy fire, 45, 48
        • Patolichev visit, 55, 57
        • Piper and Whitney case, 129
        • Rigidity in, 91
        • Shulman’s talks on, 36, 44
        • Sixtieth anniversary greetings, 57
        • Soviet ban on shipment of matzohs, 85
        • Soviets arrested on espionage charges, 109, 125
        • Technical penetration at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 127
        • U.S. visas for Soviet trade unionists, 47
      • U.S. strategic exercises in simulation of nuclear war, 187
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 17, 23, 103, 156
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vance-Solomentsev talks, 63
      • Vance’s discussions with Chinese Liaison Office, 27
      • Vance’s trip to Moscow (Apr. 1978), 94, 95
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 176, 197, 200, 203, 207
      • Vladivostok Summit, 49
      • Warnke’s talks with, 97
      • Woodbridge Two, 109, 130, 157
      • Yugoslavia, 260
    • Dodson, Christine, 230
    • Dominican Republic, 265
    • Donovan, Hadley, 262, 263
    • Draper, Morris, 259
    • Dresser Industries, Inc., 140, 141, 150
    • Drop-outs, 25
    • Dual-use technology, 225
    • Dubcek, Alexander, 300
    • Dubs, Adolph, 171, 246
    • Duncan, Charles, 46
    • Dymshits, Mark, 159, 188
    • Earle, Ralph, II:
      • Karpov’s meetings with, 165
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 264
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 267, 290, 294
      • Telemetry encryption, 166, 180
      • Vance-Gromyko talks, 102
    • Eastern Europe (see also Dissidents in the Soviet Bloc):
      • Distribution of U.S. literature in, 162, 209, 273, 280, 284, 287
      • Economic situation, 31
      • Soviet force reductions in, 229, 232
      • Unrest in, 38
    • Ecevit, Bülent, 121
    • Economic Summit Meeting (Bonn, July 1978), 136, 140, 150
    • Economic Summit Meeting (Tokyo, June 1979), 196
    • Ecuador, 225
    • Egypt (see also Cairo Conference; Camp David Talks; Israeli-Egyptian peace talks):
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 52, 56
      • Olympic Games boycott, 265
      • Peace treaty with Israel as signed by, 204
      • Sinai sovereignty restored to, 144
      • West Bank/Gaza, 67
    • Egyptian-Israeli Treaty (Mar. 1979), 204
    • Eisenhower, Gen. Dwight D., 200
    • Eizenstat, Stuart, 46, 211
    • El Salvador, 265
    • Elections:
      • Iran hostage crisis and, 278
      • Israel (1977), 3
      • United States (1976), 6, 39
      • United States (1980), 230, 271, 291, 311
    • Emergency War Orders (EWO), 186
    • Emigration from the Soviet Union (see also Jews, Soviet):
      • Effect of Jackson-Vanik on, 170
      • Failure of U.S. policy for increasing of, 46
      • German, 140
      • Lists of prospective emigrants, 22, 25
      • MFN status as affected by, 25
      • SALT treaty ratification as affected by, 106
      • Soviet policy on, 46
      • U.S. proposal, 190, 193, 198
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 22
    • Encryption, telemetry:
    • Enger, Valdik (see also Chernyayev, Rudolf; Woodbridge Two):
      • Dobrynin request for release of, 130
      • Piper and Whitney arrest seen as retaliation for arrest of, 129
      • Prisoner exchange, 146, 188
      • Soviet non-paper on, 125, 157
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 109, 120
    • Enhanced radiation weapons. See Neutron bomb.
    • Environmental modification, 90, 92
    • Epidemiological Service, 294
    • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), 3
    • Equatorial Guinea, 265
    • Eritrea (see also Ethiopia; Horn of Africa; Horn of Africa dispute):
      • Consequences of U.S. involvement in, 86
      • Cuban forces in, 109
      • Foreign advisors in, 89
      • Rebellion in, 78
      • Soviet intervention in, 92, 96, 103, 109, 115
      • U.S. covert actions in, 256
    • Ethiopia (see also Eritrea; Horn of Africa; Horn of Africa dispute):
      • Attack on Somalia, denial of intent for, 65
      • Ceasefire conditions, 89
      • Cuban military aid/advisors for, 66, 72, 77, 85, 86, 103, 109, 115, 203
      • MIG–21 planes in, 66
      • Ogaden reprisals by, 92
      • Provisional Military Advisory Council (PMAC), 66
      • Refugees from, 183
      • Somali withdrawal from territory of, 79, 81, 88, 92, 93
      • Soviet military advisors in, 68, 72
      • Soviet military aid to, 54, 65, 66, 77, 115, 120, 203
      • Superpower involvement in, 230
      • U.S. relations with, 78, 256
      • U.S. strategy for, 183
      • Withdrawal of foreign troops from, 81, 96, 109
    • Eurocommunism, 38
    • Europe:
      • Conference proposal promoting confidence-building measures in, 204
      • Olympic Games boycott, 252
      • Soviet buildup in, 3
      • Soviet view of importance of, 204
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China talks on, 45
    • Evans, Rowland, 141
    • Executive Order 12036, 209
    • Exercise BRIGHT STAR, 314
    • Export controls, 31, 40, 252
    • Export-Import Bank, 55
    • “Face the Nation,” 302
    • Fahmi, Ismael, 136
    • Far East, 256
    • Farrand, Robert W., 140, 212
    • Fascell, Dante B., 25
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 17
    • Fiji, 265
    • Filatov, Anatoli, 159, 188
    • Findley, Paul, 105
    • Firyubin, Nicolay P., 118
    • Fishing boat violations, 27, 272
    • Fishing rights, 250
    • Flowerree, Charles, 267, 269, 294
    • Ford, Gerald R.:
      • Brezhnev, correspondence with, 21
      • Détente, 32
      • Helsinki summit, 18
      • Middle East, 19
      • Solzhenitsyn meeting with, proposed, 2
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 278
      • U.S. military spending, 39
      • Vladivostok Summit, 1, 17, 18
    • Foreign Assistance Bill (1980), 252
    • Forward-based systems, 23
    • Fractionalism, 143
    • Fractionation limits, 135
    • France:
      • Arms sales reduction proposals, 3
      • Arms transfers, 20
      • As member of Security Assistance Consortium, 256
      • Austrian State Treaty signed by, 199
      • CCD participation, 47
      • Communist Party, 38
      • Comprehensive test-ban, 3, 203
      • Nuclear non-proliferation, 20
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 263
      • Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin (1971), 3
      • Sales of nuclear materials, 20
      • Sanctions on the Soviet Union, 295
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 40, 207
      • Venice Summit (June 1980), 292
    • Frechette, Miles, 220
    • Free Inter-Professional Union of Workers, 170
    • Frost, Ellen, 275
    • Fuel cycle evaluation, 32
    • Funk, Jerry, 183
    • Gabon, 81, 265
    • Galkin, P. I., 87
    • Gambia, 265
    • Gamsakhurdia, Zviad, 129
    • Gandhi, Indira, 256
    • Garba, Joseph, 83
    • Garrison, Mark J.:
      • Human rights, 10
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 42
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 295
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 297
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 64
      • Vance-Gromyko talks, 102
      • Vlasova case, 213
      • Warnke-Gromyko talks, 143
    • Gates, Robert, 194
    • Gaza, 67, 71, 136, 144
    • Gelb, Leslie H., 18, 20, 53, 102
    • Gelman, Harry, 216
    • Geneva Conference on the Middle East:
      • Brezhnev letter to Carter, 60, 61
      • Carter-Dobrynin talks on, 61
      • Egyptian position, 52, 56
      • Israeli position, 56, 102
      • Jordanian position, 52, 56, 136
      • Lebanese representation at, 50, 52
      • Organization of, 20, 56, 67
      • Palestinian representation at, 48, 52, 56, 61, 67
      • PLO position, 52, 55, 59, 77
      • Prospects for, 43, 67, 102, 136, 145
      • Reconvening of, 34
      • Soviet preference over bilateral talks for, 84
      • Soviet proposals for, 17, 19
      • Syrian position, 19, 52, 56, 61, 77, 92
      • Toon-Brezhnev talks on, 59
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 102, 136
    • Geneva Peace Conference (Dec. 1973), 3
    • Genscher, Hans-Dietrich, 32, 304
    • Georgia, 38, 170, 273
    • German, Robert K., 306, 307
    • German Democratic Republic (GDR):
      • Encroachment on Berlin by, 33
      • Polish unrest’s effect on, 300
      • Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin, 21
      • Soviet force reductions in, 229, 232
      • Soviet intervention in Poland, role in, 312, 313
      • Unrest in, 38
      • Zaire role of, 115
    • Germany, Federal Republic of (FRG):
      • Arms sales reduction proposals, 3
      • Arms transfers, 20
      • Emigration of Germans from the Soviet Union, 140
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 263, 265
      • Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin (1971), 12, 21
      • Sales of nuclear materials, 20
      • Soviet concern about cruise missiles in, 266
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 19, 207
      • Venice Summit (June 1980), 292
    • Ghana, 265
    • Gierek, Edward, 288, 300
    • Ginsberg, Robert, 46
    • Ginzburg, Aleksandr:
      • Arrest of, 69
      • Conviction of, 170
      • Release of, 6, 9, 10, 159, 188
      • U.S. opposition to trial for, 115, 131
      • U.S. options for negotiations on, 25
    • Ginzburg, Irina, 194
    • Ginzburg, Sergei, 195
    • Giscard d’Estaing, Valéry, 32, 47, 151, 191
    • Glagolev, Igor S., 57
    • Glassboro Summit (June 1967), 197, 200
    • Glenn Non-proliferation Amendment, 252
    • Global Shield 79 (military exercise), 186
    • Godunov, Aleksandr, 213
    • Gogol, Nikolai, 121
    • Goheen, Robert, 256
    • Golan Heights, 102, 136
    • Gold, Eugene, 25, 105, 140
    • Goldberg, Arthur, 48, 55, 273
    • Goldsmith, Sydney, 88
    • Goldstein, Sol, 140
    • Goodby, James, 213, 216
    • Goodman, Jerry, 25, 105, 140
    • Great Britain:
      • Arms transfers, 3, 20
      • As member of Security Assistance Consortium, 256
      • Austrian State Treaty signed by, 199
      • Comprehensive test-ban, 59, 60, 202, 203
      • Cyprus, relations with, 21
      • Olympic Games boycott, 259, 262, 263, 265
      • Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin (1971), 3
      • Rhodesia initiative with the United States, 54
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 40
      • Venice Summit (June 1980), 292
    • Great Patriotic War (World War II), 17
    • Greece, 259, 261
    • Green, Sedgwick William, 252
    • Grenada, 194
    • Griffith, William E., 78, 273
    • Grishin, Victor V., 170
    • Gromyko, Andrei A.:
      • Advance notice of missile firings, 21
      • Angola, 115
      • Anti-satellite warfare, 21, 203
      • Arms control, 306, 315
      • Arms transfers, 20
      • Backfire bomber:
        • Congressional discussion of, 55, 109
        • Flight profile of, 104
        • Production rate of, 166
        • SALT II agreement on, 203
        • Soviet draft statement on, 154
        • Vance’s discussion of, 18, 99, 101, 109, 154
      • Belgrade Conference, 21
      • Berlin, 21
      • Brezhnev’s health, 33
      • Camp David Accords, 148
      • Carter-Brezhnev message exchange, 67, 142, 243, 299
      • Chemical weapons, 21
      • Civil aviation, 21
      • Civil defense, 21
      • Comprehensive test ban, 20, 50, 115, 150
      • Cruise missiles, 18, 143
      • Cuban refugees, 279
      • Cyprus, 21, 121
      • Emigration lists, 22, 25
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 34, 59, 102, 136
      • Health of, 83
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 65, 89, 115
      • Human rights, Carter’s talks on, 115
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization, 20, 203, 302
      • Iran hostage crisis:
        • Brezhnev-Carter message exchange on, 243
        • Muskie’s talks on, 278
        • U.S. invasion, possible, 241
        • U.S. reply to Soviet statement on, 237
      • Iran-Iraq War, 302, 305
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 22
      • Katangan invasion of Zaire, 115
      • Madrid Conference, 306
      • Maritime Agreement, 21
      • MBFR, 19, 21, 23, 50, 73, 150, 203
      • Meetings:
      • Messages:
      • Middle East:
        • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 150
        • Carter’s Camp David invitation to Israel and Egypt, 138
        • U.S.-Soviet joint statements, 50
        • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 19, 20, 50, 102, 136, 145
      • Military spending, 278
      • MIRV, 18
      • Mutual and balanced force reductions, 19, 50, 73, 150
      • Neutron bombs, 103
      • New weapons systems ban, 20
      • NORAD computer malfunctions, 283
      • Nuclear non-first use, 21
      • Nuclear non-proliferation, 20
      • PD 59, 302
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 20
      • Press conference (Mar. 31, 1977), 39
      • Rhodesia, 50, 150
      • Sadat/Begin peace initiatives, 67
      • SALT:
        • Ambiguities in Gromyko’s “core” statement, 134, 135
        • Averaging ALCMs on heavy bombers, 153, 154
        • Carter’s talks on, 47, 50, 51, 59
        • Inability to agree on, 103
        • Joint report on, 39
        • Minuteman distinguishability and shelters, 164
        • Need for progress in, 120
        • New types of weapons, 166
        • Numbers of new missiles, 121
        • Ratification of, 278
        • RPVs, 165, 166, 167
        • Signing of interim agreement, 18
        • Telemetry encryption, 154, 164, 165, 166, 167, 180, 181
        • U.S. Congressional interest in Backfire bomber, 55
        • Vance’s talks on, 28, 50, 51
      • Shulman’s talks with, 32, 44
      • Soviet food shortages, 38
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan:
        • Reduction in troop numbers, 292
        • Rejection of U.S. proposal, 283, 285
        • Soviet proposal, 279
        • U.S. call for transitional government, 282
        • U.S. démarche on, 240
        • U.S-Soviet relations as impacted by, 278
      • Soviet-Israeli relations, 20
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216, 217, 223, 226, 227, 228
      • Soviet-U.S. trade, 22, 150
      • Stevenson Amendment, 22
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks:
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 306
      • Telemetry encryption, 154, 164, 165, 166, 167, 180, 181
      • Theater nuclear forces, 299, 302
      • Toon appointment with Brezhnev, 30
      • Troop levels, 19
      • UN Special Session on Disarmament (SSOD), 102
      • UNGA as attended by, 51
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 150, 169, 278
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
        • Crawford currency violation case, 133
        • Desire for improvement in, 271
        • Embassy construction, 21, 304, 306
        • Piper and Whitney case, 129
        • Principles of, 278
        • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 22
        • Senior military exchanges, 120
        • Soviet claims of hostile U.S. propaganda, 137
        • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 113, 117, 118, 122
        • Woodbridge Two, 109, 118, 120
      • U.S. troop levels in countries adjacent to the Soviet Union, 226
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 17, 23, 103, 156
      • Vance’s talks with:
      • Vance’s visits to Moscow, 16, 27, 94
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197, 200, 203, 204, 207
      • Vienna talks, 19
      • Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, 295
      • Visits:
        • UNGA (New York, Sept. 1977), 51, 59
        • UNGA (New York, Sept. 1979), 223
        • Washington (Sept. 1977), 43, 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 59, 77
        • Washington (May 1978), proposed, 74, 94, 104
      • Vladivostok Summit, 18
      • Warnke’s talks with, 143
      • World Disarmament Conference, 21
    • Gromyko, Lydia D., 48
    • Group of the Assistance to the Fulfillment of the Helsinki Agreement, 2
    • Guatemala, 265
    • Guinea, 265
    • Guinea-Bissau, 265
    • Guiringaud, Louis de, 33
    • Gulf of Aden, 78
    • Gusev, Sergei I., 39
    • Guyana, 194
    • Gwertzman, Bernard, 10, 45, 48, 160
    • Habib, Philip, 17, 23, 57, 64
    • Haig, Gen. Alexander, 68
    • Haiti, 265
    • Halloran, Richard, 264
    • Hammadi, Sa’dun, 303
    • Hammer, Armand, 289
    • Hard Choices (Vance), 154
    • Harriman, Averill, 32
    • Harrison, Gail, 275
    • Harrop, William C., 88, 259
    • Hartman, Arthur A., 10, 21, 25
    • Hathaway, Dale, 275
    • Hawadis, Al-, 179
    • Hawes, John, 76
    • Hayward, Adm. Thomas, 251
    • Health Joint Committee, 252
    • Hellman, Yehuda, 25, 105, 140
    • Helsinki Agreement, 2, 7, 38, 81
    • Helsinki Monitoring Group. See Monitoring group under Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
    • Helsinki Summit, 18
    • Henderson, Nicholas, 259
    • Henze, Paul, 86, 162, 183, 273, 280
    • Herzstein, Robert, 275
    • Hijacking of aircraft, 55, 57
    • Hinton, Deane R., 263
    • Hitler, Adolph, 17
    • Holmes, H. Allen, 299
    • Honduras, 265
    • Honecker, Erich, 313
    • Hong Kong, 265
    • Horelick, Arnold, 245
    • Hormats, Robert, 46, 275
    • Horn of Africa (see also Eritrea; Ethiopia; Horn of Africa dispute; Somalia):
      • Fear of Soviet influence in, 78
      • Soviet position, 48
      • Stabilization of, 150
      • U.S. policy toward, 78
      • U.S. strategy for, 183
    • Horn of Africa dispute (see also Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia):
      • Carter-Brezhnev message exchange on, 67, 70
      • Foreign observers in Ogaden, 74, 88, 89, 93
      • Gabonese role in, 81
      • Iranian position, 72, 78
      • Iranian role in, 72, 75
      • Islamic states’ intervention in, consequences of, 86
      • Nigerian role in, 54, 81, 83
      • OAU role in, 54, 65, 78, 81, 83
      • Oral statement from U.S. leadership to Soviet leadership on, 72, 75, 82
      • Political solution sought for, 65, 79
      • Possible U.S. responses to Soviet/Cuban intervention in, 86
      • SALT as affected by, 78
      • Saudi role in, 75, 78
      • Somali post-withdrawal support for Ogaden rebels, 92
      • Somali request for Soviet mediation assistance, 87, 115
      • Somali withdrawal from Ethiopian territory, 79, 88, 92, 93
      • Soviet non-notes to U.S. leadership on, 75
      • Soviet position, 48, 70, 84, 85, 103
      • UNSC action on, 81
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations as affected by, 78
      • U.S. message to Barre urging withdrawal in, 88
      • U.S. policy toward, 78
      • U.S. position, 67, 77
      • U.S. public opinion on, 78, 85
      • U.S. strategy toward, 183
    • Horowitz, Herbert, 275
    • Hoskinson, Samuel, 123, 124
    • Hot line, 21, 311
    • House of Representatives Armed Services Committee, 83
    • Hua Guofeng (Hua Kuo-feng), 32, 45
    • Huang Hua, 256
    • Human rights:
      • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 115
      • Carter’s focus on, 2
      • In the United States, 25
      • Pravda editorial on, 8
      • Soviet concern with U.S. focus on, 6, 206
      • Soviet oral statement on, 10
      • Soviet-U.S. relations as impacted by issue of, 38, 39
    • Hungary, 248
    • Hunter, Robert, 27, 33
    • Huntington, Samuel, 46, 78, 258, 276
    • Hurwitz, Edward, 213, 215
    • Hussein, King of Jordan, 56
    • Hyland, William G.:
      • Brezhnev’s health, 33
      • Brezhnev’s messages to Carter, 41
      • On summit meetings, 197
      • Shulman-Gromyko talks, 44
      • U.S.-Soviet economic relations, 46
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 6, 32
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks (Mar. 1977), 17, 23
      • Vance-Gromyko talks (Mar. 1977), 18, 19, 20, 21
    • Iceland, 265
    • Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), 213
    • Imnadze, Avandil, 170
    • Inderfurth, Karl F. “Rick,” 264
    • India, 32, 203, 206, 256
    • Indian Ocean (see also Indian Ocean demilitarization), 79, 252
    • Indian Ocean demilitarization:
      • Carter-Dobrynin talks on, 3
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks on, 302
      • Scheduling for meetings on, 83
      • Soviet position, 31, 32, 36, 64, 83, 203
      • U.S. position, 7, 78
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 20
      • Working group on, 39
    • Indochina (see also Vietnam, Democratic Republic of), 175, 178
    • Indonesia, 265
    • Inman, Bobby Ray, 277
    • Intelligence Oversight Board, 209
    • Intelligence sharing, 225
    • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 30, 42, 203
    • International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), 151
    • International Cooperation Administration (ICA), 252
    • International Court of Justice, 241
    • International financial institutions (IFIs), 252
    • International Fuel Cycle Evaluation Conference (INFCE), 54
    • International Harvester Corporation, 140
    • International Olympic Committee, 259, 262
    • International Sports Federation, 263
    • Intestinal anthrax, 290
    • Iran:
      • Azhari government’s appointment in, 158
      • Brezhnev’s statement in Pravda on, 160
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 72, 75
      • Hostage crisis:
        • As strengthening U.S. conservatives, 278
        • Hostage rescue mission, 278, 311
        • Muskie-Gromyko talks on, 278
        • Soviet efforts, 278, 279
        • Soviet statement on, 236, 237
        • U.N. sanctions on oil from, 243
        • UNSC actions on, 237, 241
        • U.S. elections as affected by, 278
        • U.S. invasion, possible, 241
        • U.S. naval forces in the Persian Gulf, 248, 302, 305
        • U.S. public opinion on, 241
      • Iran-Iraq War, 260, 302, 303, 305
      • Olympic Games boycott, 265
      • Soviet military intervention in, possible, 258, 260
      • Soviet response to U.S. démarches on, 241
      • Support of Afghan rebels from, 283, 302
      • U.S. arms transfers to, 20, 53, 75, 85
      • U.S. military role in, 74, 158, 160
      • U.S. relations with, 103, 204, 247
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions on, 65
    • Iran-Iraq War, 260, 302, 303, 305
    • Iraq (see also Iran-Iraq War), 103, 256, 302
    • Ireland, 265
    • Irreversible inoperability, 154
    • Isakov, V. F., 102, 302
    • Islam, 273
    • Islamabad Conference of Islamic States, 260
    • Islamic states, 86, 260
    • Israel (see also Cairo Conference; Camp David talks; Israeli-Egyptian peace talks):
      • Carter statements on, 44
      • Elections (1977), 3
      • Establishment of (1948), 19
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 56, 102
      • Knesset, 144
      • Middle East working paper with the United States, 52
      • Military intervention in Lebanon, 45, 92, 152, 204
      • Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, 32, 92
      • Nuclear weapons, 83, 90, 92
      • Olympic Games boycott, 265
      • Peace treaty with Egypt as signed by, 204
      • PLO’s refusal to recognize the right to exist of, 19
      • Possible Moscow Olympic banning of teams from, 147
      • Sadat visit (1977), 61, 64, 92, 102, 204
      • Settlements in Sinai of, 102, 144
      • Sinai peace proposal of, 67
      • Soviet Jews refused exit visas for, 22, 25
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 20
      • UN Resolution 242 as interpreted by, 102
      • U.S. arms transfers to, 20, 90
      • U.S. differences over Palestine with, 102
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions on, 65
      • West Bank/Gaza peace proposals by, 67
      • Withdrawal from Sinai by, 204, 206
    • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks (see also Cairo Conference; Camp David talks):
      • As consistent with U.S.-Soviet Joint Statement, 204
      • Brezhnev’s messages to Carter on, 182
      • Camp David talks, Invitation for, 138
      • Carter’s messages to Brezhnev on, 144
      • Framework documents signing, 144
      • Lack of progress in, 102
      • Palestinian role in, 81, 93
      • PLO position, 93
      • Prospects for, 67
      • Soviet position, 84, 182, 204
      • Syrian nonparticipation in, 71
      • UN role, 182
      • U.S. position, 77, 102, 204
      • U.S.-Soviet Joint Statement’s consistency with, 204
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 71, 74, 77, 81
    • Issraelyan, Victor, 267
    • Italy, 38, 40, 262, 265, 292
    • Ivory Coast, 265
    • Izvestiya, 39, 68, 137
    • Jackson, Henry M. “Scoop,” 39, 46, 55, 61, 90, 103, 141
    • Jackson-Vanik Amendment:
      • Exemption of CCC credits from, 105
      • Failure in increasing emigration with, 46
      • Romanian waiver prospects, 46
      • Sakharov’s praise for, 64
      • Soviet Jewish emigration as affected by, 170
      • Soviet-U.S. trade as affected by, 25
      • U.S. waiver proposal, 190, 193, 198
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 190, 198
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 22
    • Jacobson, Charlotte, 140
    • Jamaica, 194
    • Japan:
      • Fishing rights, 250
      • Indochina conflicts (1979), 175
      • MIG–25 pilot defection to, 21
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 265
      • People’s Republic of China threat to, 206
      • Signing of treaty with China, 90, 150
      • Soviet technology purchases from, 40
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 40
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China talks on, 45
      • U.S. military aid to, 203
      • U.S. military bases in, 204
      • U.S. troop levels in, 226
      • Venice Summit (June 1980), 292
    • Japanese Olympic Committee, 265
    • Jaruzelski, Wojciech, 312
    • Jews, American:
      • Soviet emigration policy, 46
      • Vance’s meetings with, 25, 105, 140
    • Jews, Soviet (see also Dissidents in the Soviet Bloc; Emigration from the Soviet Union):
      • Anti-Semitism, 25, 140
      • Emigration of:
        • Cutbacks in Ukraine of, 274
        • Embassy contacts with advocates for, 140
        • Increases in, 105, 147, 170
        • Lists of prospective emigrants, 22, 25
        • SALT treaty ratification and, 106
        • Soviet policy on, 46
        • U.S. proposal for, 190, 198
      • Possible actions during Olympic Games toward, 140, 147
      • Refusal of exit visas to Israel for, 22, 25
    • Johnson, Lyndon B., 19, 271
    • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), 154, 192, 194
    • Joint Commercial Commission, 17
    • Joint Commercial Committee, 252
    • Joint Trade and Economic Council, 55
    • Joint U.S.-Soviet Declaration on Consultations, 205
    • Jones, Gen. David:
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 245, 252
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 264
      • Vance-Gromyko talks (Oct. 1978), 154
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197, 200, 203, 204, 207
    • Jordan:
      • Camp David Accords, 144, 148
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 52, 56, 136
      • Nonparticipation in Cairo Conference, 63
      • Palestinian role of, 19, 81
      • Syria, relations with, 310
      • U.S. arms transfers to, 90
    • Jordan, Hamilton:
      • Carter-Brezhnev meeting with Kirchschlager and Kreisky, 199
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115
      • Dresser case, 141
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 200, 203, 204, 207
    • Justice, U.S. Department of, 263
    • Kahan, Jerome, 248, 267
    • Kama River, 263
    • Kamel, Muhammad Ibrahim, 102
    • Kamman, Curtis, 80, 175, 185
    • Kampelman, Max, 304
    • Kampuchea. See Cambodia.
    • Kane, Robert, 259
    • Kania, Stanislaw, 288, 300, 312, 313
    • Karamanlis, Constantine, 121
    • Karmal, Babrak, 247, 268, 277, 278, 291, 302
    • Karpov, Anatoly, 146
    • Karpov, Victor P., 165
    • Karr, Albert R., 31
    • Katanga, 115
    • Kavaler, Florence, 215
    • Kavalerov, Vadim, 213, 215
    • Keeny, Spurgeon M., Jr., 302
    • Keeping Faith (Carter), 265
    • Keller, Thomas, 263
    • Kennan, George, 124
    • Kennedy, Edward M., 150, 255, 276
    • Kennedy, John F., 197, 219
    • Kenya:
      • Ethiopian ceasefire conditions, 89
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 265
      • Security issues for, 183
      • Somali irredentism in, 78
      • Somalia, relations with, 72
      • Soviet Union, relations with, 86
      • U.S. military and economic aid to, 183
      • U.S. strategy for, 183
    • Khaddam, Abdul Halim, 63
    • Khrushchev, Nikita S., 197, 219
    • Kifner, John, 302
    • King, Robert, 80
    • Kirchschlager, Rudolf, 197, 199
    • Kirgiz SSR, 170
    • Kirilenko, Andrei P., 98, 191
    • Kirk, Roger, 64
    • Kirov, Sergey M., 2
    • Kissinger, Henry A.:
      • Arms control, 3
      • CRICON as obsolete, 258
      • Cruise missiles, 27
      • SALT, 26
      • Solzhenitsyn meeting with Ford, proposal, 2
      • Soviet attitude toward, 36, 98
      • Vladivostok Summit, 18
    • Klain, Ed, 2
    • Klose, Kevin, 140
    • Klutznick, Philip, 263, 275
    • Knesset, 144
    • Kochetkov, Ye N., 204
    • Komer, Robert W., 245
    • Komitet Obrony Robotníkow (KOR), 288
    • Komplektov, Viktor G.:
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 150
      • Muskie letter to Gromyko, 283
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 289
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 270
      • Vance-Gromyko talks (Mar. 1977), 18, 19
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 203
    • Korchnoi, Viktor L., 146
    • Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of, 32, 265
    • Korea, Republic of, 32, 203, 204, 226, 265
    • Korea talks between the United States and the People’s Republic of China, 45
    • Korn, David, 212
    • Kornilov, Yuriy, 39
    • Korniyenko, Georgy M.:
      • As specialist in U.S. affairs, 276
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 150
      • Gromyko visit (Washington, Sept. 1977), 48
      • Health of, 308
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks, 302
      • PDRY invasion of YAR, 179
      • Piper and Whitney case, 129
      • SALT, 289
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 289
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 267, 269, 270, 297
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 128
      • Theater nuclear forces, 289, 299
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 271
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 17, 23, 156
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vance message to Gromyko, 138
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 200, 203, 204, 207
      • Warnke meeting with (Apr. 1978), 101
      • Watson’s talks with, 289
    • Kosygin, Aleksey, 191, 300
    • Kovalev, Sergey, 9, 308
    • Kozlov, Col.-Gen. M. M., 102
    • Kramer, Frank, 263
    • Kreisberg, Paul, 88, 248
    • Kreisky, Bruno, 199
    • Kreps, Juanita, 46, 57, 141, 161
    • Krimer, William D.:
      • Carter-Brezhnev meeting with Kirchschlager and Kreisky, 199
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 149, 150
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks, 278
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 17, 23, 103
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 200, 203, 206, 207
    • Kulski, Isabel, 39
    • Kursch, Donald, 73
    • Kuznetsov, Eduard, 159, 188
    • Kuznetsov, Vasili, 8, 122, 128
    • Kyprianou, Spyros, 121
    • Kyrgyz SSR, 170
    • Labor, U.S. Department of, 17
    • Labor unions, 207, 300, 309
    • Laboulaye, François de, 33
    • Lake, Anthony, 88, 307
    • Landa, Malva, 274
    • Laos, 78
    • Larrabee, Stephen, 191, 273, 288, 311
    • Latin America, 32, 225
    • Law of the Sea, 104
    • Law of the Sea Conference, 104
    • Le Monde, 39
    • Lebanon:
      • Civil War, 45, 92, 136, 151, 152, 204
      • Geneva Conference role of, 50, 52
      • Olympic Games boycott, 265
      • Palestinians in, 45, 102
      • Peacekeeping force in, 92
      • Shtaura Agreement, 45
    • Ledogar, Stephen, 76
    • Ledsky, Nelson, 259, 263
    • “Left Opposition,” 170
    • Legionnaires’ disease, 269, 297
    • Lenin, Vladimir I., 200
    • Leningrad, 38, 170
    • Leningrad University, 170
    • Leonard, James, 57, 102
    • Leprette, Jacques, 151
    • Levi Strauss, 263
    • Levin, B., 238
    • Levine, Jacqueline, 140
    • Levitsky, Melvyn, 68, 80, 105
    • Lewis, Flora, 21
    • Liberia, 265
    • Libya, 115
    • Liechtenstein, 265
    • Lipavskiy, Sanya, 68
    • Literaturnaya Gazeta, 68
    • Lithuania, 38, 55, 56, 271, 273
    • London Suppliers’ Group, 17
    • London Understandings, 41
    • Lorton, Ronald, 185
    • Loughran, John Lewis, 88
    • Luers, William H.:
      • Slepak case, 80
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 111, 117, 127
      • U.S.-Soviet relations strains, 64
      • Vance’s meeting with U.S. Jewish leaders, 105, 140
    • Luxembourg, 265
    • McCall, Sherrod:
      • PDRY invasion of YAR, 179
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 212
      • Slepak case, 80
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 248
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 111, 117, 118, 127
    • McConnell, Donald, 76
    • McCrory, R., 267
    • McFadden, Robert D., 17
    • McHenry, Donald F., 215, 218, 252
    • McIntyre, James T., 280, 284
    • McIntyre, Thomas J., 55, 90
    • McLean, Martin, 267
    • Makarios, Archbishop, 21
    • Makarov, V. G., 102, 115, 121, 150, 226
    • Makayev, Evgeniy, 213, 215
    • Malawi, 265
    • Malaysia, 265
    • Mal’tsev, V. M., 246
    • Marchais, Georges René Louis, 33
    • Marines, U.S., 256
    • Maritime shipping, 207
    • Martin, Robert, 267
    • Martin, Thomas G., 80, 127
    • Martínez de Hoy, José Alfredo, 275
    • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 26
    • Mathews, Jessica Tuchman, 80, 147
    • Mathias, Charles, 175
    • Matlock, Jack F., Jr.:
      • As Chargé in Moscow, 315
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow:
        • Cutting of cables, 112
        • Discovery of, 106, 107, 108
        • Instructions for protest, 119
        • Protest to Soviet Government over, 113, 117, 128
        • Removal of cables, 110
        • Soviet activities in chimney, 126
        • Soviet countercharges, 118
        • Soviet harassment in tunnels, 116
        • U.S. failures in handling of, 122
    • Matthews, Gary L., 185, 306, 307
    • Matzohs, 85
    • Mauritania, 265
    • Mautner, Martha, 39
    • Meany, George, 64
    • Mediterranean Sea, 203
    • Medvedev, Roy, 38, 191
    • “Meet the Press,” 259
    • Mendelevich, Lev, 83, 87
    • Mengistu Haile Miriam:
      • Aaron meeting with, 83
      • Eritrean autonomy, 109
      • Intention for attack on Somalia denied by, 65
      • Soviet influence on, 183
      • Soviet military aid to Ethiopia, 66
      • Soviet recommendations to, 115
      • U.S.-Ethiopian relations, 78
      • Visits to Cuba, German Democratic Republic, Soviet Union (Oct. 1977), 66
    • Metropol, 170
    • Mexico, 194, 262
    • Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn, 39
    • Microbiology, Epidemiology, and Immunology (magazine), 294
    • Middle East (see also Cairo Conference; Camp David talks; Israeli-Egyptian peace talks; individual Middle Eastern countries):
      • Brzezinski-Dobrynin talks on, 31
      • Carter-Brezhnev message exchange on, 7, 12, 70, 144
      • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 150
      • Declaration of Principles for settlement in, 136
      • Framework documents signing, 144
      • Habib-Gromyko talks on, 64
      • Sadat/Begin peace initiatives, 67, 70
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, effect on peace prospects in, 256
      • Soviet position, 4
      • UN resolutions on, 1, 102, 204
      • UN role in, 204
      • U.S. arms transfers to, 90
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China talks on, 45
      • U.S.-Israeli working paper on, 52
      • U.S.-Soviet Joint Statement on:
        • Consistency of Israeli-Egyptian peace talks with, 204
        • Soviet draft of, 47, 48
        • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 47, 48, 52, 62
        • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 50
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of:
        • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 71, 74, 77, 81
        • Palestinian representation at Geneva, 55, 56, 62
        • U.S.-People’s Republic of China talks, 45
        • U.S.-Soviet joint statements, 47, 48, 52, 62
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 19, 20, 50, 102, 136, 145
      • Vance-Solomentsev talks on, 63
    • Miklos, Jack, 185
    • Military exercises:
      • As projection of U.S. power, 256
      • BRIGHT STAR, 314
      • In simulation of nuclear war, 186, 187
      • Notification of, 229
      • Soviet brigade in Cuba, 264
    • Military spending, 39, 278
    • Miller, Lt. Col. Don, 275
    • Miroshkin, Ivan, 215
    • Missiles (see also Multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles; Strategic Arms Limitation Talks):
      • ABMs, 21
      • Advance notice of firings of, 21
      • Air-to-surface, 18
      • Anti-ship ballistic missiles, 167
      • Cruise:
        • Air-launched, 27, 77, 153, 154, 167
        • Brezhnev-Carter message exchange on, 14, 29, 77
        • Carter-Dobrynin talks on, 3, 27
        • Definitions of, 148, 154, 164, 165, 166
        • Ground-launched, 44
        • In Federal Republic of Germany, 266
        • Lack of agreement on, 18
        • Negotiations on, 12
        • Soviet views on, 18, 39
        • Unarmed (RPVs), 165, 166, 167
        • U.S. development of, 32, 36
        • U.S. technical assistance to allies in deployment of, 78
        • Vladivostok discussion of, 27
        • Warnke-Gromyko talks on, 143
      • ICBMs, 121, 132, 148, 166
      • In Federal Republic of Germany, 266
      • In Western Europe, 261
      • Minuteman distinguishability, 164
      • Minuteman II, 121
      • Minuteman III, 121
      • MK–12A re-entry vehicle, 32
      • MLBMs, Soviet, 29
      • MX, 189, 261, 278
      • Pershing II, 261, 266, 278
      • Reductions in numbers of, 3, 27
      • SLBM, 101, 121, 132, 143, 154, 203
      • SS–16, 3, 18, 27
      • SS–17, 121
      • SS–18, 27, 121
      • SS–19, 27, 121
      • SS–20, 3, 18, 203, 230
        • Deployment of U.S. missiles for countering of, 261, 266, 278, 299
      • SS–N–18, 132
      • Surface-to-air, 220
      • Test firings, 3, 53, 55
      • Throw-weight vs. accuracy, 3
      • Titan, 121
      • Tomahawk, 165, 261
      • Trident I, 32, 132
      • Trident II, 32
    • Missing-in-action (MIA) issue, 3
    • Mobuto Sese Seko, 115
    • Monaco, 265
    • Mondale, Walter F.:
      • Carter-Brezhnev message exchanges, 3
      • Carter-Dobrynin meetings, 27
      • Governors Conference, 56
      • Gromyko visit (Washington, Sept. 1977), 48
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262
      • Poland, 312
      • SALT treaty ratification, 302
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 252, 253
      • Soviet response to dissent, 38
      • UNGA speech (May 1978), 109
      • U.S.-Soviet trade relations, 46
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 196
    • Mongolia, 271
    • Moore, Frank, 141, 207
    • Moose, Richard, 92
    • Morocco, 265
    • Morokhov, Igor, 32
    • Moroz, Valentin, 159, 188
    • Moscow State University, 25
    • Moscow subway incident, 2
    • Moscow Summit (1972), 271
    • Moscow World Service, 307
    • Most-favored Nation (MFN) status:
      • Jewish emigration and, 25
      • People’s Republic of China, 198
      • Soviet expectations for, 39
      • Soviet exports as affected by, 46
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba as affecting prospects for, 227
      • Vance-Brezhnev discussion of, 17
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 55, 198
    • Moyer, Homer, 263
    • Mozambique, 150, 194
    • Mugabe, Robert, 89, 150
    • Multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs) (see also Missiles):
      • Brezhnev-Carter message exchange on, 14, 77
      • Brezhnev-Vance talks on, 103
      • Calls for delay in deployment of, 302
      • Counting of with heavy bombers, 18
      • Dobrynin-Carter talks on, 3
      • Kissinger-Gromyko talks on, 18
      • Soviet position on negotiations on, 12, 44
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 166
    • Mundheim, Robert, 263
    • Muskie, Edmund S.:
      • Appointment as Secretary of State of, 276
      • Arms control, 304, 306
      • Brzezinski’s and Brown’s meeting with, 314
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization, 302
      • Iran hostage crisis, 278
      • Iran-Iraq War, 302, 303, 305
      • Madrid Conference, 304, 306
      • Meetings:
      • Messages:
      • Military spending, 278
      • PD 59, 302, 304
      • SALT ratification, 278
      • Soviet dissidents, 304
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 278, 282, 283, 292, 302, 385
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 304, 306, 311
      • Soviet nuclear testing, 304
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 304, 306
      • Theater nuclear forces, 302
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 278
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Embassy construction, 304, 306
        • Organizing Department of State to deal with, 275
        • Principles of, 278
    • Muslims, 273
    • Musser, Maclyn, 111
    • Mussolini, Benito, 17
    • Mutual and Balanced Force Reduction (MBFR) talks:
      • Carter-Brezhnev talks on, 203
      • Carter-Dobrynin discussions of, 3
      • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 50, 150
      • Carter letter to Brezhnev on, 7
      • Definitions and data as issue in, 203
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan’s effect on, 252
      • Soviet position, 4, 36, 229
      • Soviet willingness to agree on, 197
      • U.S. position, 96
      • U.S. review of, 17
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks on, 23
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 73
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 19, 50, 73, 150
      • Vienna Conference on, 12, 19, 21, 23, 45
      • Western proposal on, 102, 103
    • Muzorewa, Abel, 89, 103
    • Namibia:
      • Carter-Dobrynin talks on, 176
      • Soviet claim of non-involvement in, 109, 115, 120, 150
      • UN role in, 115, 150, 204
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China talks on, 45
      • U.S. policy toward, 103
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 104
    • Narozniak, Jan, 313
    • Nathanson, Allyn, 68
    • National Broadcasting Company (NBC), 147, 263
    • National Conference on Soviet Jewry (NCSJ), 105
    • National Foreign Assessment Center, 300
    • National Security Council (NSC):
      • CIA paper on value to Soviets of economic relations with the United States, 40
      • Meeting (Jan. 2, 1980), 249, 252
      • Organization of, 6
      • Presidential Directive/NSC-52, 225
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, decisions on, 252
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216
      • Soviet policy difference with Department of State, 276
      • Upgrading of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 124
      • Vance-Gromyko talks, (Oct. 1978), 154
      • Weekly Reports:
    • National Security Decision Memorandum (NSDM) 242, 302
    • National technical means of verification, 20, 206, 227, 302
    • Nazaryan, Robert, 170
    • Neocolonialism, 204
    • Nepal, 265
    • Netherlands, 234, 265
    • Neutron bombs:
      • Brezhnev messages to Carter on, 70, 76, 84
      • Soviet position, 39, 43, 59
      • U.S. position, 77, 104
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 103
    • New weapons systems ban, 20
    • New York Times, 17, 39
    • New York Times Magazine, 284
    • New Zealand, 175, 262, 265
    • Newsom, David D.:
      • Olympics Games boycott, 263
      • PDRY invasion of YAR, 179
      • Soviet accusations of Western involvement in Poland, 310
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 245, 256
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216, 219, 220
    • Nickel, 194
    • Niger, 265
    • Nigeria, 54, 81, 83, 194, 265
    • Nimetz, Matthew, 276
    • Nimieri, Gaafar, 183
    • Nixon, Richard M.:
      • Brezhnev summit with (1972), 197
      • DEFCON III as declared by, 258
      • Middle East, 19
      • Soviet attitude toward, 98
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 278
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 17, 271
      • Visit to Moscow (May 1972), 103, 197
    • Nkomo, Joshua, 89, 103, 150
    • Nobel Prize, 32
    • Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), 81, 194, 225
    • Non-circumvention, 99, 100, 103, 120
    • Non-transfer of strategic arms, 23, 120
    • Non-use of force, 21, 48, 59, 60, 204
    • NORAD computer malfunctions, 283
    • North Atlantic Council (NAC) meeting (Brussels, Dec. 1979), 234, 238, 251
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 14, 21, 92, 168, 196, 278
    • North Yemen. See Yemen Arab Republic (YAR).
    • Norway, 122, 265
    • Novak, Robert, 141
    • Nowak, Jan, 280
    • Nuclear attack false alarm, 233, 234, 235
    • Nuclear forward-based systems, 23
    • Nuclear-free Mediterranean Sea proposal, 203
    • Nuclear fuels, 20, 202, 203
    • Nuclear non-first use, 21, 48, 56, 59, 60, 74, 203
    • Nuclear non-proliferation (see also Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty):
      • Amendments on, 252
      • London Supplier’s Group actions on, 17
      • People’s Republic of China’s position, 20, 45
      • Reviews on, 90, 272
      • U.S.-Soviet Working Group on Proliferation meetings, 32
    • Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT):
      • Nuclear fuel sales to countries not signatory to, 202, 203
      • Potential signatories to, 32, 42, 82
      • South Africa’s nuclear program’s effect on, 41, 42
      • U.S. request for Israeli signing of, 92
    • Nuclear Suppliers Group, 41
    • Nuclear war, 17, 186, 200, 271
    • Nuclear weapons:
      • Indian development of, 203
      • Israeli, 83, 90, 92
      • Prohibition in Latin America and the Caribbean of, 32
      • South African development of, 41, 42, 54, 87, 90, 92, 104
      • Testing of, 304
      • U.S. aim for superiority in, 230
      • U.S. policy for employment of, 302
    • Nujoma, Sam, 103
    • Nuremberg Trial, 17
    • Nyerere, Julius, 183
    • Oberdorfer, Don, 49
    • Obst, Harry, 199
    • Obukhov, A. A., 102
    • October War (1973), 48, 258
    • Odom, William E.:
      • Fishing boat violations, 27
      • Olympic Games boycott, 263
      • SCC meetings, 245, 251, 263
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 245, 251
      • Soviet military intervention in Iran, possible, 258
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 313
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 122, 124
    • Office of Management and Budget (OMB), 252, 280, 284, 287
    • Ogaden. See Horn of Africa dispute.
    • Ogarkov, Nikolai V.:
      • Backfire bomber, 99
      • SALT, 103
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 156
      • Vance-Gromyko talks, 100, 102
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197, 200, 203, 204, 207
      • Visit to the United States, possible, 120
      • Warnke meeting with (Apr. 1978), 101
    • Ogorodnik, Aleksandr, 118
    • Oil:
      • Dresser case, 140, 141, 150
      • Equipment for wells, 40, 46, 141, 250, 263
      • Red Sea as route for transport of, 85
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as endangering U.S. transport of, 278
      • Soviet subsidies to Cuba for, 194
      • U.N. sanctions on Iran on, 243
      • U.S. suppliers of, 194
    • “Old World Landowners” (Gogol), 121
    • Oliver, Spencer, 25
    • Olszowski, Stefan, 312
    • Olympic Games (Moscow 1980):
      • Action toward Jews at, possible, 140, 147
      • As obstacle to Soviet intervention in Poland, 288
      • Banning of teams, possible, 147
      • Boycott of, 250, 252, 259, 262, 263, 265
      • Human rights issue and, 147
      • Permanent site in Greece for, 259
      • Press credentials for, 147
      • Suppression of dissidents in advance of, 274
    • Oman, 265, 303
    • Onek, Joe, 262
    • Oranges, 20
    • Organization of African Unity (OAU), 54, 65, 78, 81, 83
    • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), 256
    • Organization of the Islamic Conference, 260
    • Orlov, Yuriy:
      • Arrest of, 9, 69
      • CSCE monitoring group as organized by, 38
      • Trial of, 115, 120
      • U.S. options for negotiations on, 10, 25
      • U.S. support for, 304
    • Owen, David, 103
    • Owen, Henry, 262, 263, 275
    • Pahlavi, Shah Reza, 78, 160
    • Pakistan:
      • Afghan refugees in, 256, 271
      • Execution of Bhutto, 175
      • NPT and, 203
      • Nuclear materials purchases, 20
      • Olympic Games boycott, 265
      • Soviet military intervention in, possible, 260
      • Support of Afghan rebels from, 261, 266, 278, 283, 302
      • U.S. exemptions for economic and military aid to, 251, 252, 256
      • U.S. relations with, 247, 303
    • Palestine (see also Palestinians):
      • Jordanian role in, 19, 81
      • Opposition to state in, 71
      • U.S. difference with Israel over, 102
    • Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO):
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 48, 52, 55, 56, 59, 61, 62, 67, 77
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 81, 93
      • Nonparticipation in Cairo Conference, 63
      • Refusal to recognize Israel’s right to exist, 19
      • UN troops held by, 136
      • U.S./Israeli working paper, 52
    • Palestinians (see also Palestine Liberation Organization):
    • Palmer, Brig. Gen. David, 275
    • Palmer, Mark, 267
    • Pan-Am, 272
    • Panama, 44
    • Panama Canal, 20, 44, 53, 194
    • Papua New Guinea, 265
    • Paraguay, 265
    • Paris Peace Talks, 20
    • Parris, Mark R., 220, 307
    • Pascoe, Lynn, 10
    • Pastor, Robert, 86, 220
    • Patolichev, Nikolai, 36, 46, 55, 57, 59, 61
    • Patriotic Front (Zimbabwe), 103, 150
    • Peaceful nuclear explosions (PNE), 20, 50, 59
    • Pentecostals, 170
    • Percy, Charles, 264
    • Perito, Robert, 10, 185, 241
    • Perry, Jack, 185
    • Persian Gulf, 204, 248, 256, 302, 303, 305
    • Persona non grata (PNG) exchange, 73, 79
    • Pervomaisk, 48, 53, 121
    • Petrosyants, Andronik, 135
    • Petrov, A., 185, 237
    • Petrov, Gen. V. I., 66
    • Philippines, 175, 204, 206, 265
    • Phosphates, 263
    • Piper, Harold, 129, 140
    • Plechko, Ivan, 215
    • Plutonium, 17
    • Podgorny, Nikolai W., 1, 32, 39
    • Podrabinek, Aleksandr, 170
    • Poison gas, 272
    • Pol Pot, 242
    • Poland (see also Soviet military intervention in Poland):
      • Distribution of U.S. literature in, 162
      • Labor unions in, 300, 309
      • Political situation, 32
      • Solidarity movement, 309, 312, 313
      • Strikes in, 288, 309
      • Unrest in, 38, 288, 300, 310
      • U.S. radio broadcasts to, 310
    • Policy Review Committee, 46
    • Political parties:
      • Communist (France), 38
      • Communist (Italy), 38
      • Communist (Poland), 300
      • Communist (Spain), 38
      • Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 120
      • People’s Democratic Party (Afghanistan), 247
      • Tudeh (Iran), 278
      • United Workers’ Party (Poland), 313
    • Ponomarev, Boris, 74, 79
    • Portugal, 265
    • Powell, Joseph L. (Jody), 115, 141, 200, 203, 204, 207
    • Power and Principle (Brzezinski), 159
    • Prague Spring, 300
    • Pravda:
      • Brezhnev’s statement on Iran, 160
      • Human rights editorial in, 8
      • Iran hostage crisis article (Petrov), 237
      • NATO nuclear aid to South Africa (story), 92
      • SALT (editorial), 81, 82
      • Soviet non-interference in Iran (Brezhnev), 160
      • U.S. aim for nuclear superiority article (Ustinov), 230
      • U.S. interference in Afghanistan, 185
      • U.S. military spending editorial, 39
      • U.S.-Soviet relations (Arbatov article), 266
      • U.S.-Soviet relations (editorial), 137
    • Precht, Henry, 237
    • Presel, Joseph, 68
    • Presidential Directive 59, 302, 304
    • Presidential Directive/NSC–52, 225
    • Presidential Review Memorandum PRM 10, 258
    • Press, Frank, 150
    • Prettyman, E. Barrett, 140
    • Prisoner exchange, 146, 157, 159, 188, 195, 273
    • Public opinion, Soviet, 271
    • Public opinion, U.S.:
      • Cuban intervention in Angola, 44
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 78, 85
      • On Iran hostage crisis, 241
      • SALT ratification, 103
    • Puerto Rico, 194
    • Pulmonary anthrax, 267, 270, 290
    • Pustay, Lt. Gen. John, 216, 245, 251, 262, 263, 267
    • Qaddumi, Faruq al-, 59
    • Qatar, 265
    • Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin (1971), 3, 7, 12, 21, 204
    • Quandt, William B., 78
    • Quotas, 25
    • Rabin, Yitzhak, 19, 20
    • Racial discrimination, 17
    • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 22, 55, 58, 59, 60
    • Radio Free Europe, 39, 147, 252, 310
    • Radio Liberty, 26, 39, 147, 252, 273
    • Radiological weapons, 20, 203, 252
    • Raphel, Arnold, 212, 233
    • Rapid Deployment Force, 256, 258, 261
    • Read, Benjamin, 55, 114
    • Reagan, Ronald W., 6, 276, 291, 311
    • Red Sea, 78, 79, 85
    • Refugees:
    • Refuseniks, 170
    • Reichstag Fire (1933), 2
    • Reinhardt, John, 57
    • Replists, 140
    • Rhodesia:
      • Anglo-U.S. initiative on, 54
      • Carter-Dobrynin talks on, 176
      • Carter statements on, 44, 176, 204
      • Cuban role in, possible, 78
      • Independence of, 103
      • Soviet aid to Patriotic Front, 150
      • Soviet claim of non-involvement in, 109, 115, 120, 146
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China talks on, 45
      • U.S. policy toward, 103
      • U.S.-Soviet consultation proposals on, 89
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 48, 89
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 50
    • Riccardi, Jack, 215
    • Roldós Aguilera, Jaime, 225
    • Romania, 46
    • Romanov, Grigory V., 39
    • Rowny, Edward L., 19, 99, 102
    • Rudé právo, 310
    • Rudenko, Mikola, 9
    • Rueckert, George, 306
    • Rwanda, 265
    • Ryabov, Yakov P., 191
    • Sadat, Anwar:
      • Carter’s Camp David invitation, 138
      • Declaration of Principles, 136
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 56, 102
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 84
      • Message from Carter, 64
      • Peace initiatives of, 67, 70
      • Signing of Framework documents by, 144
      • Soviet views of, 19, 145
      • Visits:
      • Weakening of U.S. influence, 78
    • St. Vincent, 265
    • Sakharov, Andrei:
      • As Nobel Prize recipient, 32
      • Basket III observance by Soviets, 64
      • Cancellation of Jackson visit to, 61
      • Exile of, 273, 274
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 64
      • Messages from Carter, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, 17, 39
      • Messages to Carter, 2, 9
      • Open letter to New York Times Magazine from, 284
      • Speech at AFL–CIO Convention (Dec. 1977), 64
      • U.S. support for, 273, 304
      • Voice of America (VOA), 64
    • Salanskiy, Naum, 25
    • Salyut, 203
    • Samizdat, 273
    • San Marino, 265
    • Sanctions:
    • Sanders, Edward, 140
    • Sao Tome and Principe, 265
    • Sapiello, Piotr, 313
    • Sargin, Dr., 215
    • Sarkis, Ilyas, 136
    • Satellites, Cosmos-954, 70, 73
    • Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz al Saud, 56
    • Saudi Arabia:
      • AWACS deployed in, 256, 303
      • Camp David Accords, position on, 148
      • Cuban military intervention in Yemen, possible, 91
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 75, 78
      • INFCE, 54
      • Iraqi planes in, 303
      • Olympic Games boycott, 265
      • PDRY invasion of YAR, 177, 179
      • U.S. arms transfers to, 85, 90
      • U.S. security consultations with, 256
      • U.S.-Soviet discussions on, 65
    • Saunders, Harold, 245
    • Schecter, Jerry, 123, 147, 207
    • Schell, Orville, 213, 215
    • Schindler, Alexander, 25, 105, 140
    • Schirmer, Kitty, 275
    • Schlesinger, James R., 21, 141
    • Schmidt, Helmut, 256, 263, 289, 298
    • Science and Technology Agreement (1977), 17, 36, 39
    • Scientific cooperation, 207
    • Searing, Marjorie, 46
    • Security Assistance Consortium, 256
    • Seignious, Gen. George M., 203, 207
    • Seismic installations, 115, 135
    • Seitz, Raymond, 237, 259, 299
    • Semenov, Vladimir S., 53, 55, 100, 102, 120, 154
    • Senate, U.S.:
      • Armed Services Committee, 55
      • Environmental modification treaty, 92
      • Foreign Relations Committee, 20, 55, 83, 85, 121, 210
      • SALT, 78, 79, 90, 227, 252, 272, 278
      • Soviet tests of anti-satellite systems, 58
    • Seventh Day Adventists, 170
    • Shahi, Agha, 303
    • Shanghai Communiqué, 150, 163
    • Shatt al-Arab, 302
    • Shcharanskiy, Anatoliy:
      • Anticipated Soviet moves in case of, 68
      • Arrest of, 69
      • Conviction for espionage of, 206
      • Elimination from prisoner exchange of, 159
      • Health of, 211, 212
      • Investigation for treason of, 38, 68
      • Sentencing of, 170
      • Soviet determination for trial of, 57, 146
      • U.S. opposition to trial for, 96, 105, 115, 131
      • U.S. options for negotiations over, 25
      • U.S. support for, 273, 304
      • Vance’s meeting with U.S. Jewish leaders on, 105, 140
    • Shcharanskiy, Avital, 140, 210, 212
    • Shenefield, John, 263
    • Shevchenko, Arkady, 95
    • Shinn, William, 76, 132, 140, 213
    • Shipler, David K., 57, 69, 133
    • Shtaura Agreement, 45
    • Shtern, Mikhail, 25
    • Shulman, Marshall:
      • Africa, 54
      • Arbatov talks with, 26
      • Backfire bomber, 92
      • Baltimore port stop of Soviet ship, 281
      • Bessmertnykh meetings with, 75, 93, 217, 230
      • Christopher-Dobrynin discussions, 175
      • Dissident trials, 140
      • Dobrynin’s talks with, 36, 44, 48, 157
      • Glagolev letter, 57
      • Gromyko’s talks with, 32, 44
      • Gromyko’s visit (Washington, Sept. 1977), 47
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 72, 75, 83, 88, 89, 93
      • INFCE, 54
      • Iran hostage crisis, 237, 241
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 71, 74, 77, 81, 93
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 198
      • MBFR, 73
      • Middle East:
        • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 71
        • Palestinian representation at Geneva, 55, 56, 62
        • U.S.-Soviet Joint Statement on, 47, 48, 52, 62
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks, 281, 302
      • Namibia, 104
      • Nuclear non-first use, 48, 56
      • PDRY invasion of YAR, 179
      • People’s Republic of China invasion of Vietnam, 172, 178
      • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 55
      • Resignation of, 276
      • SALT:
        • Carter’s determination for ratification of, 81, 85
        • Timetable for, 26
        • Vance-Dobrynin talks, 45, 47, 48, 49, 53, 55
        • Vance formal presentation on, 132
      • Shcharanskiy case, 57, 68
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 212
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 54, 87, 90, 92, 104
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 239, 240, 254
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216, 217, 219, 223, 224, 230
      • Soviet oral statement on human rights, 10
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 267, 290
      • Theater nuclear forces, 254
      • United Nations resolutions, 57
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Dobrynin’s talks on, 36, 44
        • Economic and trade, 46, 198
        • Strains in, 64
        • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 111, 117, 118, 122, 127
        • U.S. perspectives on, 32
        • U.S. visas for Soviet trade unionists, 47
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions:
        • Aug. 29, 1977, 45
        • Sept. 10, 1977, 47
        • Sept. 13, 1977, 48
        • Sept. 15, 1977, 49
        • Oct. 17, 1977, 52, 53, 54
        • Oct. 22, 1977, 55
        • Oct. 31, 1977, 56, 57
        • Nov. 28, 1977, 62
        • Dec. 28, 1977, 72
        • Jan. 14, 1978, 71, 72, 73, 75
        • Jan. 31, 1978, 79
        • Feb. 14, 1978, 81
        • Feb. 18, 1978, 82
        • Feb. 21, 1978, 83
        • Feb. 28, 1978, 84, 85
        • Mar. 6, 1978, 87
        • Mar. 11, 1978, 89, 90, 93
        • Mar. 16, 1978, 92
        • Apr. 9, 1978, 94
        • Apr. 12, 1978, 95
        • Apr. 28, 1978, 104
        • Sept. 19, 1978, 145
        • June 6, 1979, 198
        • Sept. 14, 1979, 223
        • Sept. 17, 1979, 224
      • Vance-Gromyko talks, 102, 226
      • Vance’s meetings with U.S. Jewish leaders, 25, 105, 140
      • Vance’s visit to Moscow (Apr. 1978), 94
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197
      • Vietnamese incursions into Thailand, 238
      • Watson-Gromyko meetings, 281
      • Woodbridge Two, 157
    • Sick, Gary, 78, 262, 263
    • Sierra Leone, 265
    • Sigal, Leon, 306
    • Siilasvuo, Gen. Ensio, 63
    • Simon, William, 32
    • Sinai, 67, 84, 102, 144, 150, 204, 206
    • Singapore, 265
    • Slack, John M., 124
    • Slepak, Alexander, 69, 80
    • Slepak, Elaine Marie, 80
    • Slepak, Leonid, 69, 80
    • Slepak, Maria, 69
    • Slepak, Vladimir, 69, 80
    • Slocombe, Walter B., 21, 102, 216, 267
    • Smirnov, L. V., 18, 19, 20, 21
    • Smith, Carl, 194
    • Smith, David, 220
    • Smith, Gen., 46
    • Smith, Gerard, 92, 104
    • Smith, Ian, 3
    • Smith, Jeffrey, 213
    • Smukler, Joseph, 140
    • Snider, Raymond, 299
    • Sokolov, O. M., 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, 308
    • Solidarity movement, 309, 312, 313
    • Solomentsev, Mikhail S., 39, 56, 63, 64
    • Solomon, Anthony, 46
    • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr I., 2, 6, 32
    • Somali (people), 78
    • Somalia (see also Horn of Africa; Horn of Africa dispute):
      • Ethiopian denial of intent for attack on, 65
      • Kenya, relations with, 72
      • Olympic Games boycott, 265
      • Post-withdrawal support for Ogaden rebels, 92
      • Request for Soviet assistance in mediation, 87, 115
      • U.S. military aid to, 65, 75
      • U.S. military bases in, 256
      • Withdrawal from Ethiopian territory, 79, 81, 88, 92, 93
    • Sonic booms, 31
    • South Africa, Republic of:
      • As potential NPT signatory, 32, 42, 82
      • INFCE, 54
      • Nuclear weapons development by, 41, 42, 54, 87, 90, 92, 104
      • Possible Moscow Olympic banning of teams from, 147
      • Soviet policy toward, 204
      • UN resolutions on, 57, 87
    • South Asia, 175
    • South Yemen. See Yemen, People’s Democratic Republic of.
    • Southern Africa, 1, 4, 20, 204
    • Southwest Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO), 103, 104
    • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan:
      • As endangering U.S. transport of oil, 278
      • As obstacle to Soviet intervention in Poland, 288
      • As obstacle to U.S. ratification of SALT, 247, 291, 302
      • As violation of Basic Principles on Relations, 248
      • Carter’s speech on, 252
      • Chemical/radiological weapons talks as affected by, 252
      • CSCE as affected by, 252
      • CTB as affected by, 252
      • Economic denial measures, 250, 257
      • Grain export embargo on Soviet Union, 250, 253, 275, 293, 295
      • Gromyko’s message to Vance on, 261
      • Gromyko’s rejection of U.S. proposal, 283, 285
      • Influence on Carter of, 255
      • Iranian support of rebels, 283, 302
      • MBFR talks as affected by, 252
      • Middle East peace prospects as affected by, 256
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks on, 278, 302
      • Muskie letter to Gromyko on, 282, 283
      • NSC decisions on, 252
      • Pakistani support of rebels, 261, 266, 278, 283, 302
      • People’s Republic of China support of rebels, 266
      • Possible U.S. actions, 249
      • Ramifications of, 247
      • Recall of Ambassador Watson, 252
      • Reduction of troop numbers, 285, 292
      • Regional issues arising from, 251
      • Resistance to, 251
      • Restrictions on Soviet diplomatic staff, 252
      • SCC meetings on, 245, 251, 275
      • Soviet airlift into Kabul, 244
      • Soviet perceptions of, 277
      • Soviet proposal, 279
      • Soviet rejection of U.S. proposal on, 283, 285, 289
      • Soviet view of U.S. as over-reacting, 254
      • UN actions on, 252, 259, 260
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations as affected by, 249
      • U.S. covert aid to rebel forces, 256, 266
      • U.S. démarches on, 185, 239, 240, 246
      • U.S. failure to ratify SALT as factor in, 277
      • U.S. long-term strategy for, 256, 295
      • U.S.-Pakistani talks on, 303
      • U.S. radio broadcasts as counter to, 252
      • U.S.-Soviet relations as impacted by, 248, 278, 291
      • Vance-Gromyko letter exchange on, 260, 261
      • Watson-Arbatov discussion of, 266
      • Watson-Korniyenko talks on, 289
      • Withdrawal prospects for Soviet forces, 277
    • Soviet military intervention in Poland:
    • Soviet Union (see also Emigration from the Soviet Union; Olympic Games (Moscow 1980); Soviet invasion of Afghanistan; Soviet military intervention in Poland; U.S.-Soviet relations):
      • Aeroflot office bombing, 47
      • Afghanistan, relations with, 204
      • Anti-Semitism in, 25, 140
      • Arms buildup by, 120
      • Austrian State Treaty signed by, 199
      • British relations with, 40
      • Canada, relations with, 207
      • Caribbean military buildup by, 192, 210, 216
      • Christians in, 170, 273
      • Civil Defense capabilities of, 3
      • COCOM’s favoring of People’s Republic of China over, 252
      • Communications with the West, 2
      • Communist Party Congress (XXV), 120, 302
      • Crawford currency violation case, 133, 140
      • Credit, 40
      • Cuba, relations with, 194, 204, 230
      • Defection of MIG pilot, 21
      • Dissent, 32, 38
      • Distribution of U.S. literature in, 162, 273
      • Dresser case, 140, 141, 150
      • Economic denial measures’ impact on, 250, 257
      • Economic situation, 32
      • Federal Republic of Germany, relations with, 19, 207
      • Food shortages in, 38
      • France, relations with, 40, 207
      • Grain imports, 40
      • Israel, relations with, 20
      • Italy, relations with, 40
      • Japan, relations with, 40
      • Kenya, relations with, 86
      • Milk and meat production in, 293
      • Moscow subway incident, 2
      • Muslims in, 273
      • Nonparticipation in Cairo Conference, 63
      • People’s Republic of China, relations with, 32, 278
      • Personal trust, lack of, 197
      • Revolutionary movements as supported by, 271
      • Succession crisis, 197
      • Trade deficit, 40
      • UPDK (Soviet diplomatic service agency), 126
      • U.S. bombing of Soviet ships in Haiphong Harbor, 17
      • U.S. contingency planning for war with, 47
      • U.S. grain export embargo on, 250, 253, 275, 293, 295
      • U.S. sanctions on, 249, 250, 251, 252, 257, 295
      • U.S. strategic military exercises in simulation of nuclear war, 186, 187
      • U.S. troop levels in countries adjacent to, 226
    • Sovrenennyi (Soviet fishing boat), 27
    • Soyuz, 203
    • Spain, 32, 38, 256, 265
    • Sparkman, John J., 20, 85
    • Special Coordinating Committee (SCC):
      • COCOM, 263
      • Distribution of literature to Soviet Bloc countries, 209
      • Grain export embargo, 275
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 263
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 245, 251, 275
      • Soviet military buildup in the Caribbean, 192, 216
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 311
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 216, 264
      • Upgrading of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 124
    • Special National Intelligence Estimate SNIE–85–79, 194
    • Spitzbergen, 122
    • Sri Lanka, 265
    • Standing Consultative Commission (SCC):
      • ABM Treaty review, 47, 48
      • Advance notification, 21
      • SALT II implementation procedures, 272
      • Soviet SALT compliance, 83
      • Telemetry encryption, 165, 181
    • Stapleton, Seton, 259
    • Steel, 250
    • Steven, Robert, 238
    • Stevens, Ted, 53
    • Stevenson Amendment, 22, 46
    • Stoessel, Walter, 59
    • Stone, Richard, 210, 216
    • Straits of Hormuz, 303, 305
    • Strategic Air Command (SAC), 186
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I), 83, 85, 200
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II) (see also Aircraft; Anti-satellite systems; Arms control; Bombers; Missiles; Verification):
      • Ambiguities in Gromyko’s “core” statement, 132, 135
      • As central issue to U.S.-Soviet relations, 64
      • As left on Senate calendar, 252, 272, 278
      • Brzezinski-Dobrynin talks on, 31
      • Carter-Brezhnev message exchange on:
      • Carter-Dobrynin talks on, 27
      • Carter-Gromyko talks on (Washington 1977), 47, 50, 51, 59
      • Carter’s speeches on, 228
      • Depressed SLBM trajectory, 143, 154, 203
      • Formal presentation on, 132
      • Fractionalism, 143
      • Fractionation limits, 135
      • Horn of Africa dispute, possible effect on success of, 78
      • Implementation procedures for, 272
      • Inability to agree on, 103
      • Interim Agreement, 17, 18, 47, 154
      • Irreversible inoperability, 154
      • Joint report following Vance-Gromyko meeting (May 1977), 39
      • Limits on air defenses, 135
      • Minuteman distinguishability and shelters, 164
      • Need for progress in, 120
      • New types of weapons, 99, 101, 109, 121, 132, 148, 166
      • Non-circumvention, 99, 100, 103, 120
      • Nuclear fuel sales to countries not signatory to NPT, 202, 203
      • Objectives for, 109
      • Pravda editorial on, 81, 82
      • Protocol to, 109, 166
      • Shulman-Arbatov talks on, 26
      • Shulman-Dobrynin talks on, 36, 44
      • Signing of treaty, 207, 208
      • Soviet prioritization of, 39
      • Soviet view on U.S. commitment for, 121
      • Soviet views on treaty modification, 231
      • Telemetry encryption:
      • Timetable for, 3, 26, 53, 55, 70
      • Toon-Brezhnev talks on, 34, 35, 59
      • Transfer of strategic arms to third countries, 23, 120
      • Treaty ratification:
        • Carter’s determination for, 81, 85, 260, 302
        • Failure of, 3, 247, 277
        • Military buildups as obstacle to, 278
        • Prospects in Senate for, 78, 79, 90, 227
        • Public opinion’s effect on, 103
        • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, effect on prospects for, 247, 291, 302
        • Soviet Jewish emigration as affected by, 106
        • Soviet military presence in Cuba, as affecting, 224, 227
        • Soviet position, 279
        • Timelines for, 53
      • Unarmed pilotless aircraft (RPVs), 165, 166, 167
      • U.S. desire for successful conclusion to, 1, 142
      • U.S. domestic opposition to, 77, 84
      • U.S. instructions for, 59, 87
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China discussions of, 121
      • U.S. position, 1, 77
      • U.S. proposals for, 142
      • U.S. view of Soviet strategy in, 96
      • U.S. vs. Soviet strategic nuclear capabilities, 93
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks on, 23
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 43, 45, 47, 48, 49, 53, 55
      • Vance-Gromyko talks on:
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), Linkage with, 176, 189
      • Warnke-Gromyko talks on, 143
      • Warnke’s Senate testimony on, 121
      • Watson-Korniyenko talks on, 289
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT III):
      • Advocacy at Vienna Summit for, 200
      • Deferral of SLBM trajectory issue to, 154
      • Items for negotiation in, 26
      • Nuclear-free Mediterranean Sea proposal, 203
      • Sanctuaries for submarines, 202, 203
      • Soviet call for beginning of talks, 229
      • Soviet position, 279
      • Theater nuclear forces as part of talks projected for, 299
      • U.S. position, 6, 109
      • U.S. proposals for, 202, 203
    • Strategic nuclear delivery vehicles (SNDVs), 103
    • Submarines:
    • Sudan, 183, 265
    • Sugar, 194
    • Sukhodrev, Viktor M.:
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 149, 150
      • Emigration lists, 22
      • Gromyko visit (Washington, Sept. 1977), 48
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks, 278, 302
      • U.S. Ambassador appointment, 201
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 17, 23, 103
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 200, 203, 204, 206, 207
      • Vladivostok Summit, 18
    • Sullivan, Roger, 259
    • Superphosphoric acid, 250
    • Surinam, 194
    • Suslov, Mikhail, 191, 300
    • Sverdlovsk biological weapons disaster:
      • Christopher-Dobrynin talks on, 290
      • Muskie-Dobrynin talks on, 304
      • U.S. démarches on, 267, 269, 270, 294, 297, 306
      • Vance-Dobrynin discussions of, 272
    • Swaziland, 265
    • Sweden, 20
    • Switzerland, 265
    • Symington Non-proliferation Amendment, 252
    • Syria:
      • Assad Moscow visits, 15, 83, 85
      • Battle against Christians in Beirut, 136, 151
      • Camp David Accords, position on, 148
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East:
      • Jordan, relations with, 310
      • Lebanese civil war, role of, 92, 151
      • Nonparticipation in Cairo Conference, 63
      • Nonparticipation in Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 71
      • Palestinian refugees in, 102
      • U.S. relations with, 256
    • Sytenko, Mrs., 272
    • Taiwan, 44, 103, 265, 278
    • Tamizdat, 273
    • Tanzania, 230, 265
    • Taraki, Nur Mohammed, 278
    • Tarnoff, Peter, 42, 93, 210, 233, 241, 249
    • TASS, 36, 39, 47, 57, 59, 123, 140
    • Taylor, Jane E., 265, 267, 294
    • Telemetry encryption:
    • Telemetry flights, 206
    • Television Research Institute, 69
    • Teng Hsiao-Ping. See Deng Xiaoping.
    • Terrorism, 194
    • Thailand, 238, 242, 265
    • Theater Nuclear Forces (TNF):
      • Backfire bomber’s role in, 230
      • Brement-Bessmertnykh talks on, 230
      • Brezhnev offer for negotiations on, 266, 298
      • Christopher-Dobrynin talks on, 290, 291
      • Geneva meeting (Oct. 1980), 302
      • In SALT talks, 299
      • Modernization of, 234, 277, 279
      • Muskie-Gromyko talks on, 302
      • Soviet position, 254, 272, 289
    • Third world “rules of the game,” 130
    • Thomson, James, 298, 313
    • Thornton, Thomas, 245
    • Thyden, James, 76, 94
    • Tikhiy, Oleksa, 9
    • Tito, Josip Broz, 90, 266, 268, 272
    • Togo, 265
    • Tokyo Economic Summit (June 1979), 196
    • Toon, Malcolm:
      • Access to Soviet leadership by, 124
      • Anti-satellite systems, 59
      • Brezhnev, meetings with, 30, 31, 34, 35, 59, 61
      • Brezhnev’s health, 34, 37, 191
      • Brezhnev’s letters to Carter, 35
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 150
      • Carter letter to Sakharov, 8, 9
      • Carter letters to Brezhnev, 29, 30, 67
      • Comprehensive test-ban, 59
      • Embassy contacts with Soviet Jews, 140
      • Emigration of Soviet Jews, 25
      • Filatov case, 159
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 59
      • Non-use of force, 59
      • Nuclear non-first use, 59
      • PDRY invasion of YAR, 179
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 59
      • Piper and Whitney case, 129
      • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 59
      • Replacement as Ambassador of, 201
      • SALT, 34, 35, 59
      • Soviet ban on shipment of matzohs, 85
      • Soviet military aid to Ethiopia, 65
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 110, 113, 117, 119, 126
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 169
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 39
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks, 17, 23, 103
      • Vance-Gromyko talks:
      • Vance message to Gromyko, 138
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 200, 203, 204, 207
    • Toth, Robert, 31, 38, 68
    • Trade Act (1972), 190
    • Trade Act (1974), 40, 46
    • Trade unions, 17, 39, 47, 170
    • “Trader of Souls” (film), 25
    • Train, Adm. Harry D., II, 192, 194
    • Treasury, U.S. Department of, 40, 263
    • Treaty of Friendship, Good Neighborliness and Cooperation (Soviet Union-Afghanistan) (1978), 246, 261, 302
    • Treaty of Tlatelolco (1969), 32
    • Treverton, Gregory, 76
    • Troyanovsky, Oleg, 57
    • Truman, Harry S., 255
    • Trust, 197
    • Tshombe, Moise, 115
    • Tungsten carbide, 141
    • Tunik, Galina, 215
    • Tunisia, 265
    • Turchin, Valentin, 68
    • Turkey, 206, 226, 256, 261, 265
    • Turner, Stansfield M.:
      • Distribution of literature to Soviet Bloc countries, 162, 209
      • Filatov case, 159
      • Olympic Games boycott, 262, 263
      • SCC meetings, 245, 262, 263
      • Shcharansky trial, 57
      • Soviet criticism of U.S. foreign policy and leadership, 98
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 245, 252
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 300, 311, 312
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 46, 230, 271
    • Twaddell, William H.:
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks (Mar. 1977), 17, 23
      • Vance-Gromyko talks (Mar. 1977), 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
      • Vance’s meetings with U.S. Jewish leaders, 25
    • Ueberroth, Peter, 262
    • Uganda, 183, 230, 265
    • Ukraine, 38, 170, 273, 274
    • Underground Nuclear Testing Agreement, 4, 278
    • Unemployment, 17
    • United Arab Emirates, 265
    • United Nations (UN):
    • United Nations General Assembly (UNGA):
      • Disarmament, 21
      • Gromyko’s attendance at meeting of, 51
      • Hijacking resolution (32/8), 55, 57
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 182
      • Soviet détente resolution, 55, 57
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 252, 259
      • Special Sessions:
        • On Disarmament (SSOD), 87, 90, 92, 102, 109, 120
        • On establishment of state of Israel (1947), 19
        • Resolution 242, 19
      • Tensions in, 302
    • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 256
    • United Nations Security Council (UNSC):
      • Horn of Africa dispute, 81
      • Iran hostage crisis, 237, 241, 243
      • Iran-Iraq war, 302
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 182
      • Israeli military intervention in Lebanon, 92
      • Lebanese civil war, 92, 151
      • Resolutions:
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 260
      • U.S. opposition to Cuban membership on, 225
      • Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, 175
    • United States Olympic Committee, 259
    • Upper Volta, 265
    • Uruguay, 265
    • U.S.-Soviet relations (see also Agreements, Soviet-U.S.; Soviet Union; Woodbridge Two):
      • Agreement on consultations, 205
      • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
      • Baltimore port stop of Soviet ship, 281
      • Ban on shipment of matzohs, 85
      • Basic principles of:
        • Joint Declaration on Consultations, 205
        • Muskie-Gromyko talks on, 278
        • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as violation of, 248
        • Soviet position, 4, 10, 158
        • U.S. position, 96, 103, 137
      • Brement-Bessmertnykh talks on, 230
      • Brzezinski-Dobrynin discussions of, 97
      • Cancellation of negotiations, 252
      • Cuba as factor in, 194, 196
      • Desire for improvement in, 1, 271
      • Deterioration of, 272
      • Diplomatic expulsions, 73, 79
      • Dubs’ kidnapping and killing, 171
      • Eavesdropping equipment found at Soviet Consulate San Francisco, 174
      • Embassy construction, 21, 39, 124, 304, 306
      • Embassy fire, 45, 48, 95
      • Embassy Moscow housing, 95
      • Fishing boat violations, 27, 272
      • Glagolev letter, 57
      • Hot line, 21, 311
      • Human rights as issue in, 38, 39
      • Hyland-Vorontsov talks on, 6
      • Intelligence reports on, 39
      • Lithuanian hijackers, 55
      • Non-note from Soviet leadership to U.S. leadership, 75
      • Obstacles to cooperation, 207
      • Oral statements from U.S. leadership to Soviet leadership on, 72, 175
      • Organizing Department of State to deal with, 275, 276
      • Piper and Whitney case, 129, 133, 140
      • Pravda article on, 137
      • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 22, 55, 58, 59, 60
      • Restrictions on Soviet diplomatic staff, 252
      • Rigidity in, 91
      • Salad attack on Ponomarev group, 79
      • SALT as central issue in, 64
      • Senior military exchanges, 120
      • Shulman-Dobrynin talks on, 36, 44
      • Sixtieth Anniversary message, 57, 58
      • Soviet claim of hostile U.S. propaganda, 137
      • Soviet criticism of U.S. foreign policy and leadership, 98
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, as impacting, 248, 278, 291
      • Soviet officials view of, 271
      • Soviet perceptions of, 27
      • Soviet perspectives on, 84
      • Soviet politics as affecting, 31, 32, 44
      • Soviet public opinion on, 271
      • Strains in, 64
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow:
        • Analysis of equipment found, 116
        • Briefing of journalists on, 123
        • Cutting of cables, 112
        • Discovery of, 106, 107, 108
        • Instructions for protest, 113, 119
        • Protest to Soviet Government over, 113, 117, 127, 128
        • Removal of cables, 110, 111
        • Soviet activities in chimney, 126
        • Soviet countercharges, 118, 120, 122
        • Soviet harassment in tunnels, 116
        • Soviet linkage to Woodbridge Two, 118
        • TASS article on “chimney affairs,” 123
        • U.S. failures in handling of, 122, 124
      • Trade:
        • As affected by Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 22, 25
        • Carter-Gromyko talks on, 150
        • Cyber 76 computer sales rejection, 31
        • EXIMBANK credits, 55
        • Oil field equipment, 40, 46, 141, 250, 263
        • Policy Review Committee discussion of, 46
        • Value to Soviets of, 40
      • U.S. conservatives’ views of, 6
      • U.S. domestic political aspects of, 255
      • U.S. elections as affecting, 230
      • U.S. perspectives on, 32
      • U.S. withdrawal of computer sale to TASS, 140
      • Vance-Brezhnev talks (Mar. 1977), 17
      • Vance-Dobrynin talks on deterioration of, 272
      • Visas for Soviet trade unionists, 47
      • Warvariv case, 57
      • Watson-Arbatov discussions of, 266
    • U.S.–U.S.S.R. Trade and Economic Council, 161
    • U.S.–U.S.S.R. Working Group on Proliferation, 32
    • Ustinov, Dmitri F.:
      • Brezhnev’s health, 191
      • U.S. aim for nuclear superiority, 23
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 197, 200, 203, 204, 207
    • Vaky, Viron, 2204
    • Valindaba, 104
    • Vance, Cyrus R. (see also Vance-Dobrynin discussions):
      • ABM Treaty, 47, 48
      • Advance notice of missile firings, 21
      • Aeroflot office bombing, 47
      • Africa, 54
      • Anti-satellite warfare, 21, 53, 203
      • Arms control, 7, 87
      • Arms transfers, 20, 23, 53, 168
      • Backfire bomber:
        • Brezhnev’s talks on, 23, 26
        • Dobrynin’s discussions of, 92
        • Gromyko’s discussions of, 18, 99, 101, 109, 154
        • Intercontinental capacity for, 3
        • Production rate of, 166
        • SALT II agreement on, 203
        • Soviet draft statement on, 154
      • Belgrade Conference, 21
      • Berlin, 21
      • Brezhnev messages to Carter, 84
      • Brezhnev phone call to, 16
      • Brezhnev remarks to Justice Burger, 47
      • Brezhnev’s health, 34
      • Brezhnev’s talks with:
      • Brzezinski messages to, 99
      • Camp David talks, 138, 145, 148
      • Carter-Gromyko talks, 115, 149, 150
      • Carter’s letter to Sakharov, 8, 9
      • Carter’s messages to Brezhnev, 59, 131, 232
      • Chemical weapons, 21
      • Civil aviation, 21
      • Comprehensive test ban, 20, 50, 146
      • Confidence-building measures, 206
      • Cuban military aid/advisors in Ethiopia, 72, 85, 109
      • Cyprus, 21, 121
      • Dobrynin-Carter talks, 3, 27, 61, 176
      • Dresser case, 140
      • Economic Summit Meeting (Bonn, July 1978), 136, 140
      • Embassy construction, 21
      • Emigration from the Soviet Union, 22, 25, 190, 198
      • Environmental modification treaty, 90, 92
      • Fishing boat violations, 27, 272
      • Foreign Relations Committee testimony of, 210
      • Forward-based systems, 23
      • Geneva Conference on the Middle East, 34, 52, 55, 102, 136
      • Glagolev letter, 57
      • Gromyko U.S. visit (Sept. 1977), 47, 48, 49
      • Gromyko’s talks with:
      • Hijacking of aircraft, 55, 57
      • Horn of Africa dispute:
        • Dobrynin’s discussions of, 72
          • Cuban military aid/advisors in Ethiopia, 72, 85, 109
          • Foreign observers in Ogaden, 88, 89, 93
          • OAU role in, 54, 65, 81, 83
          • Oral statement from U.S. leadership to Soviet leadership, 75, 82
          • Political solution sought in, 65
          • Somali request for Soviet mediation assistance in, 87
          • Somalia’s withdrawal from Ethiopia, 88, 92
          • Soviet position, 85
        • Gromyko’s talks on, 65
      • Human rights, 10
      • Indian Ocean demilitarization, 20, 83
      • INFCE, 54
      • Iran hostage crisis, 236
      • Israel military intervention in Lebanon, 45, 92, 152
      • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 71, 74, 77, 81, 102
      • Israeli nuclear weapons, 83, 90, 92
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 22, 190, 198
      • Japan-PRC treaty signing, 90
      • Maritime Agreement, 21
      • MBFR:
        • Gromyko-Vance talks on, 19, 21, 23, 50, 73, 150
        • Vance-Brezhnev discussion of, 23
        • Vance-Dobrynin talks on, 73
      • Meetings:
        • NATO (May 1979), 196
        • With Assad (Sept. 1978), 151
        • With Egyptian and Israeli foreign ministers, 136
        • With U.S. Jewish leaders, 25, 105, 140
      • Memorandum on Sakharov’s letter, 2
      • Messages:
      • MFN, 17, 55, 198
      • Middle East:
        • Carter’s Camp David invitation to Israel and Egypt, 138
        • Dobrynin’s discussions of, 45, 47, 48, 52, 55, 56, 62
          • Israeli-Egyptian peace talks, 71, 74, 77, 81
          • Palestinian representation at Geneva, 55, 56, 62
          • U.S.-People’s Republic of China talks on, 45
          • U.S.-Soviet joint statements, 47, 48, 50, 52, 62
        • Solomentsev’s talks on, 63
        • Vance-Gromyko talks on, 19, 20, 50, 102, 136, 145
      • MIRVs, 103, 166
      • Namibia, 104
      • Neutron bombs, 103
      • New weapons systems ban, 20
      • Non-use of force, 48
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 233, 234, 235
      • Nuclear forward-based systems, 23
      • Nuclear non-first use, 21, 48, 56
      • Nuclear non-proliferation, 20
      • Olympic Games boycott, 259, 262
      • PDRY attack on YAR, 177, 179
      • Peaceful nuclear explosions, 20
      • People’s Republic of China invasion of Vietnam, 172
      • Radiation at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 22, 55
      • Resignation of, 276
      • Rhodesia, 48, 50, 89
      • Sadat visit to Washington (Feb. 1978), 79, 81
      • SCC meetings, 216, 245, 251, 262, 264
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 211, 212
      • Shcharansky trial, 57, 105
      • Solomentsev meeting with, 63
      • South African nuclear weapons development, 54, 87, 90, 92, 104
      • Soviet attitude toward, 98
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 185, 239, 245, 251, 252, 261, 279
      • Soviet military buildup in the Caribbean, 192
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba:
      • Soviet UNGA détente resolution, 55, 57
      • Soviet-U.S. trade, 22
      • Speech in Los Angeles (Jan. 13, 1978), 73
      • Stevenson Amendment, 22
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks:
        • Ambiguities in Gromyko’s “core” statement, 134, 135
        • As left on Senate calendar, 272
        • Averaging ALCMs on heavy bombers, 153, 154
        • Brezhnev’s talks on, 23
        • Carter’s determination for ratification of, 81, 85
        • Dobrynin’s talks on, 43, 45, 47, 48, 49, 53, 55
        • Formal presentation on, 132
        • Implementation procedures for, 272
        • Minuteman distinguishability and shelters, 164
        • Need for progress in, 120
        • New types of weapons, 132, 166
        • Numbers of new missiles, 121
        • RPVs, 165, 166, 167
        • Soviet compliance with, 83
        • Soviet prioritization of, 39
        • Soviet views on treaty modification, 231
        • Telemetry encryption, 154, 164, 165, 166, 167, 180, 181
        • Vance-Gromyko talks on:
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 272
      • Technical penetration of U.S. Embassy Moscow, 117, 122
      • Telemetry encryption, 154, 164, 165, 166, 167, 180, 181
      • Theater nuclear forces, 254
      • U.N. Charter revision, 83
      • UN Special Session on Disarmament (SSOD), 102
      • U.S.-People’s Republic of China relations, 103, 169
      • U.S.-Soviet relations:
        • Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 201
        • Brement-Bessmertnykh talks on, 230
        • Brezhnev’s talks on, 17
        • Crawford currency violation case, 133, 140
        • Desire for improvement in, 1
        • Deterioration of, 272
        • Diplomatic expulsions, 73, 79
        • Embassy fire, 45, 48, 95
        • Patolichev visit, 55, 57
        • Piper and Whitney case, 129, 133, 140
        • Rigidity in, 91
        • Senior military exchanges, 120
        • Sixtieth anniversary greetings, 57
        • Soviet ban on shipment of matzohs, 85
        • Soviet claims of hostile U.S. propaganda, 137
        • Soviet public opinion on, 271
        • Soviets arrested on espionage charges, 109, 125
        • Strains in, 64
        • Technical penetration at U.S. Embassy Moscow, 127
      • U.S. troop levels in countries adjacent to the Soviet Union, 226
      • Vienna Summit (June 1979), 176, 197, 200, 203, 204, 207
      • Visits:
        • Brussels (Dec. 1979), 238
        • China, Japan (Aug. 1977), 43, 45
        • Ecuador (Aug. 1979), 225
        • Europe (July 1978), 136
        • Geneva (July 1978), 131
        • Middle East (1977), 19, 43, 64, 65
        • Middle East (1978), 71, 145, 151
        • Moscow (Mar. 1977):
          • Chinese Liaison Office discussion on, 27
          • Discussion and planning for, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15
          • Negotiations during, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
          • Soviet attitudes toward SALT, 39
          • Welcome by Soviets, 16
        • Moscow (Apr. 1978), 94, 95, 96, 97, 101
      • Woodbridge Two, 120
      • World Disarmament Conference, 21
      • Yugoslavia, 260
    • Vance, Grace E. “Gay,” 48
    • Vance-Dobrynin discussions:
      • Aug. 18, 1977, 43
      • Sept. 10, 1977, 47
      • Sept. 13, 1977, 48
      • Sept. 15, 1977, 49
      • Oct. 17, 1977, 52, 53, 54
      • Oct. 22, 1977, 55
      • Oct. 31, 1977, 56, 57
      • Nov. 28, 1977, 62
      • Dec. 28, 1977, 72
      • Jan. 14, 1978, 71, 72, 73, 75
      • Jan. 31, 1978, 79
      • Feb. 14, 1978, 81
      • Feb. 18, 1978, 82
      • Feb. 21, 1978, 83
      • Feb. 28, 1978, 84, 85
      • Mar. 6, 1978, 87
      • Mar. 11, 1978, 89, 90, 93
      • Mar. 16, 1978, 92
      • Apr. 9, 1978, 94
      • Apr. 12, 1978, 95
      • Apr. 28, 1978, 104
      • June 21, 1978, 127
      • Sept. 19, 1978, 145
      • Feb. 28, 1979, 177
      • Apr. 19, 1979, 189
      • Apr. 28, 1979, 190
      • June 6, 1979, 198
      • Sept. 10, 1979, 221
      • Sept. 12, 1979, 222
      • Sept. 14, 1979, 223
      • Sept. 17, 1979, 224
      • Sept. 20, 1979, 224
      • Mar. 21, 1980, 272
      • Criticisms of, 276
      • Lack of note-taking in, 276
    • Vasev, Vladillen:
      • Baltimore port stop of Soviet ship, 281
      • Diplomatic expulsions, 73
      • Iran hostage crisis, 241
      • Shcharanskiy’s health, 212
      • South African nuclear program, 42
      • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 240, 254
      • Soviet military presence in Cuba, 219
      • Sverdlovsk biological warfare incident, 290, 294
      • Theater nuclear forces, 254
      • Vlasova case, 213
    • Vavilov, A. M., 200, 203, 207
    • Venezuela, 194, 265
    • Venice Summit (June 1980), 292
    • Verification (see also Strategic Arms Limitation Talks):
      • By national technical means, 20, 206, 227, 302
      • For comprehensive test ban, 115, 203
      • Of peaceful nuclear explosions, 20
      • Of treaty compliance, 13
    • Vest, George:
      • Focus on U.S. allies by, 276
      • Nuclear attack false alarm, 233
      • Olympic Games boycott, 259, 263
      • SALT, 272
      • Soviet military intervention in Poland, 307
      • Vance-Dobrynin meetings, 272
    • Vienna Conference on MBFR, 12, 19, 21, 23, 45
    • Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, 241
    • Vienna Opera, 199
    • Vienna Summit (June 1961), 197
    • Vienna Summit (June 1979):
      • Advocacy for SALT III at,