The Adviser on Administration and
Political Science on the United States Delegation to the Allied
Commission on Reparations (Gulick) to the Representative on the Allied Commission on
Subject: Additional evidence on German [Soviet?] removals from Berlin.
- We have three new reports on removals from Berlin. These are
- Report on industrial removals from the Russian sector observed on July 28 by Sproul, Mahler, Trone and Johnson.
- Report on Art removals by USSR from US sector by John Nicholas Brown for the US Group, Control Council, RD & R Div. as of July 29.
- Report on removals of property belonging to US citizens and Neutrals from US sector, as of July 29, by Capt. Arthur D. Reed for G–5, Berlin District.
- New material in these reports is as follows:
- Removal of raw materials, scrap and cable machinery, including wire twisters and insulation weaving machines, is reported from the Russian sector, also domestic sewing machines.
- Most of the public Art collections of Berlin were apparently stored for protection in the Flakturm at the Zoo, and in four buildings in the US–UK Sectors of Berlin. The distinctive and valuable material has been removed by the Russians, including especially the sculptures, paintings, antiquities, art libraries, and German Volk arts. The removals were selective, much material of second rate importance remains.
- The Reed report lists 20 American owned plants and installations which have been removed 20% to 100%. These are:
|Percent of Machinery Usable Removed Since Armistice|
|Anaconda Copper Co. (51% US Owned)||100|
|International Business Machines (80% US Owned)||40|
|Combustion Engineering Co.||100|
|Gillette Safety Razor Co. (Three plants)||100|
|International Tel and Tel:|
|C. Lorenz Plant||80|
|Mix and Genest Plant||95|
|Ferdinand Schuchhardt Shops||100|
|[Page 903]American Radiator Co.||100|
|Metals Coating Company||20|
|Ford Motor Company Shops||100|
|National Cash Register||100|
|Horst von Hemming (33% US owned) (medical accessories)||100|
|General Electric Co. (Two plants in US Zone)||100|
|Paramount Pictures||100 (projectors and films)|
|F. W. Woolworth & Company||100 Stocks|
- On the original Gulick’s initials appear at the head of the memorandum.↩