The Ambassador in Iran
(Murray) to the Acting Secretary of State1
516. Prime and Foreign Ministers2 last night renewed to me urgent appeal for American action at Potsdam to bring about elimination Anglo-Soviet intervention in Iran and specifically withdrawal Russian and British troops. Both expressed gravest fears for future of Iran and even for world peace unless immediate steps taken to improve situation. Essence of their argument was as follows: (Sent to Dept as 516, repeated to Moscow 164 and London 37)
History of Anglo-Russian rivalries in Iran clearly shows danger continued presence here of their forces. Like Serbia in First World War and Poland in Second, Iran may well be spark to let [set?] off third war. It is therefore in interest of whole world, not merely Iran, that something must be done quickly to relieve tension. Tehran declaration on Iran of December 1, 19433 provides statement of principles which can and should be put into practice. Sepahbodi emphasized importance of fact this declaration was signed by Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill personally and should therefore carry special weight (first [Page 1391]and most important step would be at least partial withdrawal foreign forces, which should be begun at once.) They said even token withdrawal would help. Sadr believes neither Britain nor Russia will take initiative both being interested parties and each distrustful of other. U. S. is party to Tehran declaration and, being disinterested could and should use its great moral force to cause other two powers to act.
Foregoing was put to me eloquently and urgently[.] Prime Minister stressed Iran is caught in Anglo-Soviet vise and cannot extricate herself by her own efforts. He spoke more emphatically of Russian interference in internal affairs but also indicated fear and resentment of British activities.
There was no indication any approach of this sort had been made to British or Russians.