Learn about the beta

Belize and Guatemala


1. Telegram From the Embassy in Guatemala to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770085–0230. Limited Official Use; Niact Immediate. Sent for information Immediate to the Commander in Chief, Southern Command. Sent for information to the Secretary of Defense, Managua, San Salvador, San José, Tegucigalpa, and Belize City.


2. Study Prepared in Response to Presidential Review Memorandum NSC–17

Source: Carter Library, National Security Council, Institutional Files, Box 38, PRM/NSC–17 (1). Secret. Under a March 12 covering memorandum, Hornblow forwarded Presidential Review Memorandum NSC–17, dated January 26, directing a broad review of U.S. policy toward Latin America, including U.S. policies on the territorial dispute over Belize, to the Vice President; the Secretaries of State, Defense, Treasury, Agriculture, Labor, and Commerce; the Attorney General; the Representative to the United Nations; the Administrator of the Agency for International Development; the Special Trade Representative; the Chairmen of the Council of Economic Advisers and the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and the Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the United States Information Agency. PRM/NSC–17 is scheduled for publication in Foreign Relations, 1977–1980, vol. XXIV, South America; Latin America Region. Printed here is a portion of an undated paper entitled “Territorial Disputes,” attached at Tab 8 to the March 12 memorandum.


3. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Guatemala

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770092–0045. Secret; Immediate. Sent for information Priority to London and Belize City. Drafted by Platt, cleared in S, S/S, and EB/TT/MA; approved by Todman. A revised version, or other substantive record of conversation, has not been found.


4. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Todman) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P770065–1634. Confidential. Sent through Habib. Drafted by Platt. Charles Bray initialed the memorandum on Todman’s behalf. A stamped notation indicates that Vance saw the memorandum.


5. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Pastor Files, Country Files, Box 24, Guatemala: 2/77–12/78. Confidential. Approved by Special Assistant William Twaddell in S on July 11. The meeting took place in St. George’s, Grenada, where Vance was attending the OAS General Assembly meeting June 14–16.


6. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Guatemala

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P840077–2394, N770004–0159. Secret; Niact Immediate; Nodis. Sent for information to London. Drafted by Matthews; cleared in S/S–O; approved by Todman. The telegram was sent unchanged to the White House for Brzezinski 3 hours later with same telegram number. (Ibid.) No other record of the meeting was found.


7. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Pastor Files, Country Files, Box 24, Belize: 2/77–10/80. Confidential. Drafted by Johnson on July 11. Cleared by Matthews, Todman, and Habib. Approved by Vance. Pastor initialed the top of the memorandum. Neither Habib nor Vance initialed the memorandum. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


8. Telegram From the Department of State to the Consulate in Belize City and the Embassies in Guatemala and the United Kingdom

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770244–0200. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Sent for information Priority to Bridgetown, Caracas, Georgetown, USUN, Kingston, Mexico City, and Port of Spain. Drafted by Matthews; cleared in S/S–O and P; approved by Todman. No other record of the meeting was found.


9. Action Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary for Inter-American Affairs (Stedman) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P770144–1540. Confidential. The August 18 date was stamped on the memorandum. Sent through Habib. Drafted by Johnson on August 19.


10. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Pastor Files, Subject Files, Box 65, Territorial Disputes: 4/77–12/78. Confidential. The date is handwritten on the memorandum. Tab 1 is attached but not printed.


11. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Pastor Files, Country Files, Box 24, Guatemala: 2/77–12/78. Secret. According to the President’s Daily Diary, the meeting took place in the White House Cabinet Room and lasted from 2:55 to 3:40 p.m. (Carter Library, Presidential Materials) Laugerud and Torrijos were in Washington for the Panama Canal Treaty signing ceremonies.


12. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Guatemala

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770358–0623. Secret; Priority. Sent for information Priority to Belize City and London. Drafted by Boster; cleared by Todman and in S and S/S; approved by Matthews. No other record of the conversation was found.


13. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Guatemala, the Embassy in the United Kingdom, and the Consulate in Belize City

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770369–0917. Secret; Immediate. Drafted by Pfeifle; cleared in ARA/CEN, S/S, and P; approved by Todman. Telegram sent unchanged to USUN on October 23 with the same telegram number. (Ibid.) No other memorandum of conversation was found.


14. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State, 1977–1980, Lot 84D241, unlabeled folder. Secret; Exdis. Drafted by Tice on November 2 and approved by David Anderson (S/S) on November 8. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


15. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Guatemala, the Consulate in Belize City, and the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P840070–0921, P800020–0099. Secret; Priority; Nodis. Drafted by Pfeifle; cleared by Matthews and in S/S–O; approved by Habib. Telegram sent unchanged to the White House on November 11 with the same telegram number. (Ibid.)


16. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Guatemala, the Consulate in Belize City, and the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P840070–0917. Secret; Priority; Nodis. Drafted by Pfeifle; cleared by Matthews, Todman, Shelton, and in S/S–O; approved by Habib. Telegram sent unchanged to the White House on November 11 with the same telegram number. (Ibid.)


17. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Guatemala

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P840077–2402. Secret; Priority; Nodis. Sent for information to London, Belize City, Mexico City, and Panama City. Drafted by Pfeifle; cleared by Shelton and in S/S–O; approved by Habib. Telegram sent unchanged to the White House on November 22 with the same telegram number. (Ibid.)


18. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State, 1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Nodis 1978 Memorandum of Conversation for Secretary Vance. Secret; Nodis. Drafted by Johnson on January 12; cleared in P; approved by Anderson (S/S) on January 26. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


19. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Pastor Files, Country Files, Box 2, Belize: 2/77–10/80. Secret. Inderfurth also initialed this copy of the memorandum.


20. Telegram From the Department of State to Secretary of State Vance in Ankara and the Embassies in Guatemala and Mexico

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P840148–1564. Secret; Immediate; Nodis. Drafted by Bushnell; cleared in S/S–O; approved by Bushnell. Sent for information Immediate to the White House.


21. Telegram From the Embassy in Guatemala to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D780034–0889. Confidential; Niact Immediate; Exdis. Sent for information Immediate to London, Mexico City, and Belize City.


22. Action Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Bushnell) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P860124–0962. Secret; Nodis. Drafted by Tice and cleared by Pfeifle. There is no indication that Vance saw this memorandum. Tabs 1 and 2 are attached but not printed.


23. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Country Chron File, Box 5, Belize. Secret. Sent for action. Inderfurth’s and Armacost’s initials appear in the top right-hand corner of the memorandum. Brzezinski wrote at the top of the page: “lunch.


24. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State, 1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Nodis 1978 Memorandum of Conversation for Secretary Vance. Secret; Nodis. Drafted on February 2 by Pfeifle; cleared by Todman; approved by Anderson on March 3. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


25. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State, 1977–1980, Lot 84D241, Nodis 1978 Memorandum of Conversation for Secretary Vance. Secret; Nodis. Drafted by Pfeifle; cleared by Bushnell; approved by Anderson on February 21. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


26. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Pastor Files, Country Files, Box 2, Belize: 2/77–10/80. Confidential; Exdis. Drafted by Pfeifle; cleared by Todman; approved by Anderson (S/S) on April 14. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s office.


27. Telegram From the Embassy in Guatemala to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D780207–0523. Confidential; Limdis. Sent for information to London and Belize City.


28. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Vaky) and the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (Cohen) to the Acting Secretary of State Christopher

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P780140–2254. Confidential. Sent through Newsom. Drafted on August 18 by Pfeifle and Cohen.


29. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Vaky) to Acting Secretary of State Christopher

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P780166–2122. Confidential. Drafted on October 12 by Davis. Cleared by Schneider (HA) and Walker (S/P). Davis initialed for both Schneider and Walker. Tabs 1 and 2 are not attached. See footnote 6, below. Christopher was acting for Vance while Vance was in Geneva October 19–21.


30. Telegram From the Embassy in Guatemala to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Office of the Secretariat Staff, Records of the Office of the Deputy Secretary, Warren Christopher, Lot 81D113, Box 16, Human Rights—Guatemala. Secret; Exdis. Oxman forwarded the telegram to Christopher under cover of an undated note which reads: “I recommend this cable, especially the circled paragraphs. He’s taking about Guatemala, but his comments actually have a much broader applicability.” Christopher wrote on Oxman’s note: “Dark clouds.” (Ibid.)