[Page 947]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Acuña Rosas, Américo, 55
    • Ad Hoc Interagency Working Group on Chile:
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 232
      • Consultation with Brazil and Argentina, 182
      • Continuance of, 353, 361
      • Decision-making by, 194
      • Export-Import Bank operations in Chile, 199
      • JCS representative added to, 183
      • Meyer as chair of, 181
      • Nationalization of companies, 256, 273
      • Post-coup contingency planning in, 311
      • USIA representative added to, 183
    • Afghanistan, 350
    • Africa, 48
    • AFTAC. See Air Force Technical Applications Center
    • Agency for International Development (AID):
    • Agenda for a Nation (Kissinger), 4
    • Agnew, Spiro T., 173
    • Agrarian reform, 47, 231
    • Agreements, international:
    • Agreements, U.S.-Chile:
      • Bryan-Wilson Treaty (Treaty for the Pacific Settlement of Disputes) (1914), 318, 320, 328, 331
      • Copper Accord (1967), 8
      • Extradition Treaty, 56
      • Military Mission Agreement (1964), 156, 182
      • Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement (1952), 156, 182
    • Agriculture, U.S. Department of, 275, 361
    • Agriculture in Chile, 268, 291, 330
    • Air Force of Chile (FACH), 326, 330, 345
    • Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC):
    • Aircraft (see also United States military aid to Chile):
    • Alessandri Montes, Silvia, 75, 198, 200, 213
    • Alessandri Rodriguez, Jorge:
      • Actions as President, possible, 40
      • Allende electoral win, 50, 66, 75, 89
      • As interim president, 65, 66, 68, 78, 86
      • CIA support for, 55
      • Impossibility of parliamentary solution for avoiding Allende presidency, 115, 127
      • Inability to effect reforms, 26
      • Leighton as Frei emissary to, 89
      • Meyer meeting with, 178
      • Military plot in response to loss of, rumored, 61
      • Nationalization of copper industry, Support for, 12
      • Post-election refusal to concede, 63, 65, 68
      • Potential cooperation with PCCh, 37
      • Presidential campaign of:
        • Anaconda’s withdrawal from funding of, 35
        • Campaign trip to south, 26
        • Spending deficit of, 35
        • U.S. covert funding for:
      • Prospects as presidential candidate:
        • Campaign disorganization and incompetence, 33, 38
        • Decline of, 38
        • Election by Congress, possible, 50
        • Frei’s perspectives on, 5, 27, 61
        • Increased numbers in polling for, 45
        • U.S. perspectives on, 3, 13, 23, 28
      • Senatorial by-election (Apr. 1971), 198
      • Study of constitutional overthrow of election results, 65
      • U.S. perspectives on possible administration of, 47
      • Valdes perception of U.S. as supporter of, 43
    • Algeria, 277, 315
    • Allende, Hortensia Bussi Soto de, 348
    • Allende Gossens, Salvador G. (see also Allende government; Inauguration of Allende):
      • AFTAC withdrawal from Easter Island, 165, 315
      • Allende’s desire for, 207, 209, 210
      • Anaconda as seen by, 132, 161
      • Anti-American bias of, 159
      • Anti-American charges in Chilean media, 163
      • Armed forces’ increased concern over actions of, 276
      • As president:
        • Anaconda’s acquiescence to, 124, 125
        • Argentine opposition to, 90
        • Brazilian opposition to, 90
        • Inevitability of, 134, 141, 146, 148
        • Military leaders’ opposition to, 50, 89
        • PDC’s split in opposition to, 134
        • Timing for concentration of power by, 159
        • U.S. perspectives on, 47
      • As revolutionary, 43
      • Boeing planes sale to Chile, 242
      • British support for, 116, 117
      • Campaign allegations of links to Soviet Union/Cuba of, 38, 90
      • Castro as model for, 62
      • Castro conversations with, 185, 327
      • Castro cooperation with, 43
      • Catholic resistance to programs of, 47
      • CIA propaganda campaign outside Chile against, 92
      • Congressional conflicts with, 302
      • Coup in Chile, 106, 346, 347
      • Covert U.S. funding for Chilean elections, 37
        • Splitting of UP as goal for, 29
        • Support for Tomic, 30
        • Suspension of, 43
      • Economic problems, CIA report on emergence of, 246
      • Economists’ gathering on Prebisch report, 132
      • Eight-point PDC list of assurances requested of, 131, 134
      • Election (Mar. 1973), 321
      • Election of:
        • Alessandri’s statement on, 75
        • Analysis of, 62
        • By Congress, possible, 33
        • European views on, 69
        • Frei refusal to recognize as president-elect, 73
        • Frey’s pessimism about, 81
        • General’s meeting in response to, 65, 67
        • Inevitability of, 134, 141, 146, 148
        • U.S. policy review for the contingency of, 46
        • Women’s support for, 37, 38, 62
      • Elections (Apr. 1971), 218, 219, 220
      • Elections (July 1971), 236
      • Enterprise visit to Chile, proposed:
      • Excess profits, 260, 261, 294, 302, 327
      • Frei’s response to possible victory of, 18, 50, 63, 66
      • Frei’s view of, 178
      • French negotiations with, 97, 99
      • Funeral of, 250
      • Impeachment of, possible, 345
      • Interests and objectives of, 208
      • ITT as seen by, 225, 327
      • Korry’s replacement as ambassador, 225
      • Leftist repudiation of, 330
      • Meetings:
      • Mercurio as barrier to strategies of, 255, 259
      • Messages:
      • MIR as personal bodyguard of, 203
      • Miranda a go-between with Korry, 145, 165
      • Miranda as supporter of, 81
      • Monetary liquidity, 68
      • Narco-trafficking by Chilean government, 177, 193
      • National Party as repudiated by, 330
      • National Party support for, 141, 144, 161
      • Nationalization of property, 265, 279, 285
      • Navy command crisis, 345
      • New York Times interview with, 142
      • On Time cover, 142, 157
      • PDC truce proposed by, 307
      • Personal popularity of, 281
      • Political objectives of, 172
      • Prensa Latina interview of, 138
      • Press conference of Oct. 23, 1970, 163
      • Progress toward goals by, 241
      • Prospects as presidential candidate, 28, 35, 37, 38, 41
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt:
        • Bilateral talks on, 327, 328
        • Multilateral talks in Paris on, 284, 297
        • Political costs to Chile of, 291
        • U.S. strategy for, 275
      • Schneider assassination, 162
      • Seen as counter to leftists, 161
      • Speeches:
        • Sept. 13, 1970, 83
        • June 21, 1973, 330
      • Strikes as opposed by, 132, 138
      • Suicide of, 347, 348, 352, 353
      • Support by PDC leaders for, 98
      • Suspension of debt repayment, 284, 285
      • Terrorism by forces of, 83
      • Time interview, 101
      • U.S. bargaining position with, 110, 114
      • Use of force for imposition of socialism, 289
      • USIA reporting on, 112
      • Viaux television interview, 25
      • Viaux’s request for meeting with, 78
      • Visits to the United Nations, Algeria, Soviet Union, Cuba, Mexico, Venezuela, 314, 315, 318
    • Allende government (see also Covert U.S. actions against Allende government):
      • Apolitical stance of armed forces under, 272, 289, 336
      • As legitimately elected, 172
      • As lowering U.S. prestige internationally, 156
      • As military threat to United States, 150
      • At two-year mark, 302
      • Awareness of coup likelihood by, 353
      • British loans to Chile, 124, 125, 138, 164
      • Chinese People’s Republic as opponent of, 150
      • CIA paper on covert options for dealing with, 166, 169, 179
      • Communist-Socialist differences in, 189, 190, 269, 302
      • Congressional conflicts with, 302
      • Consolidation of power by, 203, 336
      • Covert U.S. Funding for political opposition to, 200, 201, 213, 224, 301
      • Currency counterfeiting by, 177, 193
      • Diplomatic initiatives in advance of, 155
      • Diplomatic relations established with communist countries by, 150
      • Fear of coup by, 342
      • Foreign exchange, 256, 276
      • Herrera’s desire for post of economic czar under, 132
      • Latin American countries, U.S. discussion with, 134, 155, 160, 169, 175
      • Media purchases by opponents of, 188
      • Narco-trafficking by, 177, 193
      • Negotiation of commitments with, 159, 160
      • Outlook for Chile under (SNIE 9471), 241
      • PDC and PN as source of opposition to, 184
      • PDC’s increased effectiveness under, 203
      • Peruvian opposition to, 90, 104
      • Post-inauguration analysis of, 180
      • Prospects for survival of, 341
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt:
      • Resignation of Radical Party ministers from, 290
      • Restrictions on imports by, 270
      • Retention of U.S. military mission in, 183
      • Revolutions in Latin America, Allende’s meeting with revolutionaries (Nov. 1970), 174, 184
      • Strengthening of opposition to, 203
      • Trade agreement with Korean People’s Democratic Republic, proposed, 187
      • U.S. actions against:
        • Blocking of Chilean assets in the United States, 121
        • Communist view of, 168, 169
        • In OAS, 134
      • U.S. assumptions in advance of, 155
      • U.S. credit policy toward, 257
      • U.S. game plan for coping with, possible, 134
      • U.S. media reactions to, 171
      • U.S. military cooperation under, 156
      • U.S. operational issues before start of, 158, 159, 160
      • U.S. policy toward:
        • Adoption of a strategy for, 172, 173, 175
        • Correct vs. hostile public posture in, 148, 155, 158, 159, 172
        • Decisions lacking coherence for dealing with, 130
        • Defense Department course of action in, 155, 167, 169
        • Degree and type of hostility, consideration of, 167
        • Expressions of generalities in, 145
        • NSC meeting on adopting a strategy for, 172, 173
        • NSC staff’s course of action in, 158
        • Objectives of, 155
        • Quiet restraint in, 155, 279, 281
        • State-Defense options paper, 167, 171
        • State Department course of action in, 155, 167, 169
      • U.S. public statement on, 182, 183
      • Weaknesses in, 158
    • Almeyda Medina, Clodomiro:
    • Altamirano Orrego, Carlos, 5, 276, 349
    • Aluminum, 15
    • Ambrose, Miles J., 193
    • The American Challenge (Servan-Schreiber), 13
    • American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO), 182
    • Anaconda Copper Mining Company:
      • Acquiescence to Allende win by, 124, 125
      • Agreement with Chile (1969), 17
      • Alessandri campaign funding, 32, 33, 35, 36
      • Allende’s views on, 132, 161
      • Chileanization of mines of, 9, 13, 17
      • Controlaría procedures as questioned by, 240
      • Covert funding of Chilean candidates by, 37
      • Excess profits of, 261, 294, 302
      • Expropriation guarantee coverage, 11, 17
      • Frei’s views on, 15, 17
      • Meetings of officials of:
      • Nationalization of mines of:
        • Anaconda proposal, 245
        • Anaconda’s litigation outside Chile, Allende’s recommendation for, 265, 285
        • Executives’ views on, 12
        • Litigation outside of Chile on, 265, 284, 285
        • Negotiations for, 221, 250
        • Prospects for, 8
        • Request for Presidential statement on, 204
        • Special Copper Tribunal’s decision on, 316
      • Special envoy on nationalization:
      • Strike against, 120, 131, 132, 138
      • U.S. government briefings on Chile for, 181
      • Wage proposals by, 120
    • Andean Pact, 327
    • Anderson, Jack, 294, 296, 298, 322
    • Anderson, Robert, 244
    • Andes Copper Company, 17
    • Andina Mine, 261
    • Antarctic research projects in Chile, 187
    • Antarctica, 61
    • Arab-Israeli War (1967), 221
    • Arbenz Guzmán, Jacobo, 169, 195
    • Argentina:
      • Allende as president, opposition to, 90
      • Arms purchases by, 6
      • Chile, relations with:
        • Beagle Channel dispute, 156
        • Coup in Chile, possible, 104
        • Extradition of terrorists, 306
        • Hijackers to Chile, 304
        • Invasion of Chile, possible, 18, 50, 89
        • Military aid to Chile, 358
        • Wheat sales, 350
      • Chilean Communist Party accusations of, 168
      • Communist accusations against, 168
      • Coup in Chile condemned by, 353
      • FMS credits for, 235
      • “Fourth option” role of, 156
      • Guerrilla activities in, 150, 173, 181, 182
      • MAP materiél for, 156
      • Refugees in, 83
      • U.S. aircraft sales to, 156, 167, 173
      • U.S. consultations with:
        • Against Allende government, 134, 169, 175
        • On Chilean links with subversives, 181, 182
        • On public posture to Allende government, 155
      • U.S. expectations of communist rule in Chile, 156
      • U.S. military aid to Chile, 232
      • U.S. prohibition on meat imports from, 134, 181
    • Arguedas affair, 43
    • Arma, 65
    • Armed forces of Chile (see also Coup in Chile; Military Assistance Program; United States military aid to Chile):
      • Air Force sitdown, 330
      • Apolitical stance of:
      • Branches’ size and strength, 89
      • CIA view of, 86
      • Communist-Socialist differences over, 189
      • Continuation of U.S. military deliveries, 112, 113, 144, 181
      • Counter-insurgency planning by, 338
      • Coup in Chile:
        • Air Force plans for, 326
        • As navy reaction to Marxist victory, 17
        • Capabilities for, 89
        • Planning by lower-ranking officers for, 126, 146, 149
        • Refusal for, 134
        • U.S. contacts with military officers over, 71, 72, 118, 129
        • U.S. support for military in case of, 112, 113, 140, 144
        • Venezuelan concerns over possible attempt of, 24
      • Cut-off of military aid to:
        • 40 Committee discussion of, 138
        • Korry-Ossa discussion of, 108, 120
        • Suspension of MAP training programs, 110, 111, 138, 140, 143
        • Termination in FY 1968 of grant materiél program, 127
        • “Withholding” rather than “termination” of deliveries under MAP, 133
      • Determination to disallow Communist government, 18
      • Disarray within, 68, 77
      • Discussions with embassy defense attachés, 118
      • FMS credits requested by, 205, 206, 232, 234
      • Frei’s perspectives on, 6, 37
      • Increased concern about Allende’s actions among, 276
      • Intelligence Note on, 19
      • Key officers as CIA contacts, 129
      • Meeting of Generals in response to Allende victory, 65
      • Military pay scale as cause of discontent in, 24, 29
      • Navy command crisis, 345
      • Plot in response to Alessandri loss, rumored, 61
      • Refusal to fire anti-Allende officer, 210
      • Reliance on U.S. equipment of, 110
      • Reorientation toward Soviet weaponry by, 279
      • Schneider’s assassination as demoralizing to, 200
      • Tacna Regiment, 20, 28, 55
      • U.S. military cooperation under Allende government, 156
    • Arms transfers to Argentina, 6
    • Armstrong, Willis C., 320
    • Arrate Mac Niven, Jorge F., 260, 265
    • Arzac, Daniel N., Jr., 301
    • Atherton, Alfred L., 210
    • Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), 1, 47, 130
    • Augustin Edwards family, 5
    • Austral University, 194
    • Australia, 25, 173, 350
    • Austria, 360
    • Aylwin Azócar, Patricio, 6
    • Bahamas, 37
    • Balance of payments, 268
    • Baltimore Sun, 65
    • Baltra Cortés, Alberto, 25, 29
    • Banco Hypotecario, 121
    • Bank of America, 121, 128, 138
    • Bank of Wisconsin, 290
    • Barbados, 187
    • Barbosa, Mário Gibson, 350
    • Barnum, James, 353, 361
    • Barrientos Ortuño, René, 26
    • Bay of Pigs invasion (1961), 158, 169
    • Beagle Channel, 156
    • Beard, Dita, 361
    • Belaúnde Terry, Fernando, 19
    • Belgium, 275, 277
    • Belser, Brig. Gen. Joseph H., 158, 183, 187, 194, 206, 233
    • Benedick, Richard E., 318, 328
    • Beneš, Edvard, 96, 99
    • Bennett, Lieut. Gen. Donald V., 151, 178, 293
    • Berger, Marilyn, 204
    • Bergsten, C. Fred, 206, 217
    • Bethlehem Steel:
    • Big vs. small-power relationships, 4
    • Black propaganda operations, 55
    • Blee, David H., 178, 210
    • Blue Ribbon Committee, 183
    • Bohlen, Charles E., 158
    • Bolivia:
      • Apprehension over events in Chile, 104
      • As Andean Pact member, 327
      • Chile, relations with, 6, 189, 190
      • Communist government in, possible, 18
      • Government as leftist in, 195
      • Revolutionaries in, 174
      • Seen as bad role model by Chilean conservatives, 65
      • Seen as unsophisticated country, 26
      • Split in army of, 141
      • U.S. military assistance to, 156
    • Bonilla Bradanovic, Gen. Oscar, 349
    • Bossay Leiva, Luis, 55
    • Boumediene, Houari, 170
    • Bowdler, William G., 344, 354, 362
    • Bowers, Claude G., 231
    • Braden Copper Company:
      • Chileanization of, 17
      • Kennecott purchase of, 239
      • Lawsuit by, 291
      • Suspension of payment of debt, 284, 285
    • Bradfield, Michael, 328, 361
    • Braniff International Airlines, 83
    • Brazil:
      • Allende as president, opposition to, 90
      • Assistance to post-coup government, possible, 313, 350
      • CECLA role of, 4
      • Chile, relations with, 104, 225, 358
      • Communist threat to, 173
      • Debt rescheduling for (1964), 294
      • FMS credits for, 235
      • “Fourth option” role of, 156
      • MAP materiél for, 156
      • National Liberating Action, 174
      • Political situation in, 2
      • U.S. consultations with:
        • Against Allende government, 134, 169, 175
        • On Chilean links with subversives, 181, 182
        • On Pinochet junta, 350
        • On public posture to Allende government, 155
      • U.S. duties on soluble coffee from, 134, 181
      • U.S. expectations of communist rule in Chile, 156
      • U.S. foreign assistance to, 84
    • Bridgewater, Dolph, 361
    • Brims, John S., 202
    • Brinckerhoff, Charles M., 12, 33
    • Briones Olivos, Carlos O., 345
    • Broe, William V.:
      • Allende as President, inevitability of, 146
      • Allende’s meeting with Latin American revolutionaries (Nov. 1970), 184
      • CIA instructions for station in Chile, 107
      • CIA press comments on Viaux coup attempt, 21
      • Coup in Chile, possibility of, 71
      • Covert U.S. actions against Allende government, 184, 201, 230
      • Covert U.S. funding for Chilean elections, 7, 28, 37, 51
      • 40 Committee meetings:
        • Mar. 25, 1970, 31
        • June 27, 1970, 41
        • Aug. 7, 1970, 49
        • Sept. 8, 1970, 70
        • Sept. 14, 1970, 92
        • Oct. 6, 1970, 138
        • Oct. 14, 1970, 149
        • Nov. 13, 1970, 179
        • Nov. 19, 1970, 184
        • Dec. 7, 1970, 188
        • Jan. 28, 1971, 201
        • July 6, 1971, 237
        • Sept. 9, 1971, 258
        • Nov. 5, 1971, 271
      • FUBELT, 94
      • Legislation on nationalization of property, 202
      • Political situation in Chile, 178
      • SRG meetings:
      • 303 Committee meetings, 7
    • Brown, John, 84
    • Bryan-Wilson Treaty (Treaty for the Pacific Settlement of Disputes) (1914), 318, 320, 328, 331
    • Budget, U.S. Bureau of, 11
    • Bulnes Sanfuentes, Francisco, 3, 65, 75, 89
    • Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Intelligence Note No. 707, 19
    • Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, 177
    • Bush, George H.W., 314, 315
    • Bussi Soto, Hortensia, 348
    • Butterfield, Alexander, 83
    • Cabrera, Lt. Col. José, 162
    • Cademártori Invernizzi, José L., 331, 345
    • Caldera Rodríguez, Rafael A., 24
    • Calvo Doctrine, 13
    • Cambodia, 183, 361
    • Cámpora, Héctor, 327
    • Canada, 197, 327
    • Canales Marquez, Gen. Alfredo:
      • Coordinating subversive activities with business leaders, 303
      • Coup against Allende:
      • Meeting with Tirado, 152
      • Ousting of, 311
      • Retirement of sought by Prats, 293
      • Seen as indiscreet, 291
      • Selection by Wimert for funding to block Allende, 151
    • Canto Requelme, Hernán del, 236
    • Cantuarias Zepeda, Orlando O., 251
    • CAP. See Pacific Steel Company
    • Carabineros. See Armed forces of Chile
    • Carey, Guillermo, Jr., 79, 126
    • Carmichael, Stokely, 25
    • Carmona Peralta, Juan de Dios, 5, 123
    • Carrillo Flores, Antonio, 183
    • Carvajal Prado, Patricio, 338
    • CAS, 51, 58, 74, 75, 80
    • Casa Chilena, 121
    • Casey, William J., 320
    • Casse, Marshall L., III, 318
    • Castillo Velasco, Jaime, 5, 43
    • Castro, Fidel:
      • Allende conversations with, 185, 327
      • Allende cooperation with, 43
      • As Allende’s model, 62
      • British views of, 69
      • Letter to Allende from, 225
      • Seen as benign reformer, 165
      • Speech of July 26, 1970, 50
      • United States seen as non-interventionist by, 89
      • Uruguay as criticized by, 276
      • U.S.-Chilean relations, 132, 158
      • Visit to Chile (Nov.–Dec. 1971), 276, 291
    • Castro, Joäo A. de Araújo, 350
    • Catholic Church, 47, 83, 194
    • Catholic University, 111, 194
    • Cattle, 128
    • Ceausescu, Nicolae, 169, 170, 173
    • Cecil, Lord, 48
    • CECLA (Special Latin American Coordinating Committee), 4
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
      • Alessandri as supported by, 55
      • Anti-Allende propaganda campaign outside Chile by, 92
      • ARA meeting with, 290
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 235
      • Canales’ approach to U.S. via contact from, 309
      • Canales as assessed by, 307
      • Chilean armed forces as seen by, 86
      • Christian Democrats (PDC) as seen by, 55
      • Church subcommittee hearings, 322, 324
      • Communist accusations against, 168
      • Communist Party of Chile (PCCh) as seen by, 55
      • Copper plot, 222, 243
      • Counterfeit currency/narcotics trafficking by Allende government, 177, 193
      • Coup in Chile:
        • Advance notice for U.S., issue of, 354
        • Canales’ contingency planning for, 293, 305, 306
        • Impossibility of, 86
        • Prospects for, 307, 312
        • U.S. contacts with Chilean military on, 72
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
      • Covert U.S. funding for Chilean elections, 34, 36
      • Cut-off of MAP aid, 138
      • Economic aid to Pinochet junta, 350
      • Economic situation in Chile, 214, 246, 268
      • Frei channels from, 112
      • FUBELT, 146
      • Generals’ meeting in response to Allende’s win, 67
      • Information Cables, 67, 185, 293, 303, 307
      • Information Report: “Counter Insurgency Planning by Military,” 338
      • Intelligence Memorandum 1461/70, 66, 88
      • Key Chilean military officers for contacts by, 129
      • Korry’s request for visit to Washington, 139
      • Memoranda:
        • “Chile: Conciliation, Confrontation or Coup,” 298
        • “Chilean Facilitation of Subversive Activities in Latin America,” 191
        • “Chilean Media Under a Marxist Regime,” 191
        • “Friction within the Unidad Popular,” 191
        • “Review of Political and Military Options in Chilean Electoral Situation,” 86
      • Messages:
        • From Korry, 64
        • Instructions to station in Chile, 107
        • To Korry, 63
      • Murder of Perez Zujovic, 238, 251
      • NIE preparation role of, 1, 47
      • Preservation of assets of, 152
      • Press comments on Viaux coup attempt in Chile, 21, 22, 23
      • Radical Party as seen by, 55
      • Schneider assassination, 162, 163, 168
      • Souper coup, 334
      • State Department officials’ meetings with, 36
      • Status report on Chilean election (Apr. 1971) by, 227
      • Talking paper on Chile, 157
      • Track II briefing paper, 162, 168
      • Viaux warned against second coup, 152, 154
      • Weapons transfers to coup plotters by, 154
      • Weekly Review Special Report: “The Chilean Military Establishment,” 18
    • Cerda Garcia, Eduardo A., 345
    • Cerro de Pascua Corporation:
      • Chileanization of mines developed by, 9, 17
      • Expropriation guarantee coverage, 11
      • Merger with Standard Oil of Indiana, 8
      • Nationalization of:
    • CESEC poll, 62
    • Chapin, Dwight, 172
    • Chapin, Frank M.:
      • Chilean election (Apr. 1971), 213, 227
      • CIA paper on covert options for Chile, 166
      • Covert U.S. Funding for political opposition to Allende government, 213, 224
      • 40 Committee meetings, 31, 70, 149, 179, 184, 201
      • Political situation in Chile, 178
      • 303 Committee, 7
    • Chapin, Frederic L., 11, 28
    • Cheyre Toutin, Gen. Emilio, 162
    • Chile:
      • Argentina, relations with:
        • Beagle Channel dispute, 156
        • Coup in Chile, possible, 104
        • Extradition of terrorists, 306
        • Hijackers to Chile, 304
        • Invasion by Argentina, possible, 18, 50, 89
        • Military aid to Chile, 358
        • Wheat sales, 350
      • Australian wheat sales to, 350
      • Austria, relations with, 360
      • Bolivia, relations with, 6, 189, 190
      • Brazil, relations with, 104, 225, 358
      • Chinese People’s Republic, relations with:
      • Civility as national characteristic of, 68
      • Cuba, relations with:
        • Airline service, 232, 235
        • Application of U.S. laws relating to, 183
        • Attacks on Cuban ship and embassy, 350, 353
        • Breaking by Chilean junta of, 349, 355
        • Normalization of:
          • Support by Allende’s opposition for, 33, 48
          • U.S. consultation with OAS governments on, 183
          • U.S. position, 150, 155, 190
        • Reorganization of Chilean intelligence services, 203
        • Trade, 47
        • U.S. opposition to, 134
      • Cuba compared with, 165
      • France, relations with, 65, 164, 360
      • German Democratic Republic, relations with, 150, 190, 203
      • German Federal Republic, relations with:
      • Guatemala, relations with, 351
      • Holy See, relations with, 360
      • Italy, relations with, 119, 150
      • Japan, trade relations with, 207, 214
      • Korean People’s Democratic Republic, relations with:
        • Applications of U.S. laws relating to trade, 183
        • Breaking by Chilean junta of, 349, 355
        • Trade agreement with Allende government, proposed, 187
        • U.S. promotion of delays in normalization of, 150, 155
      • Korean Republic, relations with, 360
      • Nicaragua, relations with, 360
      • Peru, relations with, 6, 189, 360
      • Soviet military bases in, possible, 91, 187, 195
      • Soviet Union, relations with:
      • Spain, relations with, 351
      • Uganda, relations with, 360
      • United Kingdom, relations with:
      • United States, relations with:
      • U.S. military intervention in, possibility of, 48
      • Vietnam Democratic Republic, relations with:
        • Application of U.S. laws relating to trade, 183
        • Breaking by Chilean junta of, 349, 355
        • U.S. need to react to normalization of, 167
        • U.S. promotion of delays in normalization of, 150, 155
      • Western Europe trade relations with, 214
      • Yugoslavia, relations with, 360
    • Chile Exploration Company, 17
    • Chilean Copper Corporation, 10
    • Chilean National Liberation Army, 174
    • Chilean Telephone Company, 299, 322
    • Chileanization. See under Copper industry in Chile
    • China, People’s Republic of:
    • Chonchol Chait, Jacques, 121, 123
    • Chou En-lai, 251
    • Church, Frank F., 296, 322, 352, 361
    • Civil unrest in Chile:
    • Civil war, 70, 106
    • Claro Salas, Fernando (Pepe), 15
    • Claro, Ricardo, 144
    • Clements, William, 361
    • Cline, Ray S., 58, 60, 290, 293, 337
    • Cocaine smuggling, 177
    • Coerr, Wymberley:
      • Covert U.S. funding for Chilean elections, 28, 29, 42, 44, 60
      • Covert U.S. funding for political parties, 230
      • 40 Committee meetings:
    • Coffee, 134, 181
    • Colby, William E.:
    • Colombia:
      • As Andean Pact member, 327
      • U.S. consultation against Allende government with, 134
      • U.S. consultations on public posture to Allende government, 155
      • U.S. inaugural delegation to, 165
      • Venezuelan concern over possible coup attempt in Chile, 24
    • Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), 65
    • Commerce, U.S. Department of, 182
    • Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), 361
    • Compañia de Petróleos de Chile (COPEC), 121, 135
    • Confederation of Workers (Chile), 162
    • Confirmation of Chilean President (see also Congress, Chile):
      • Alessandri as interim president, plan for, 65, 66, 68, 78, 86
      • Alessandri’s selection as president, possible, 50
      • Cabinet appointments by Schneider, 108
      • Congratulatory message from the United States for, 159, 160, 164, 169
      • Covert U.S. actions:
        • Buying of Congressional votes, 50, 60, 83
        • Chilean suspicions toward United States on, 59
        • CIA planning for implementation of, 54, 55, 58
        • CIA position, 34
        • Dissociation from rightist forces, Korry recommendation for, 144
        • Embassy as maintaining low profile around, 116, 117
        • Feasibility of, 63
        • Fourth option, 50, 52, 55, 156
        • Funding for, 51, 58, 59, 60
        • Kissinger-Nixon talks on, 82
        • Nixon’s approval of, 93, 94
        • Planning for, 53
        • Policy decisions, lack of coherence in, 130
        • Post-election analysis of, 63
        • Postponement of Phase II, 44, 51
        • Private vs. public funding, 37
        • State Department planning meeting for, 28, 29
        • Status report on, 57
        • U.S. courses of action around:
          • Need for rethinking of, 64
          • Pessimism about, 68
          • Secrecy as need around, 74, 80, 88
        • Washington’s uncertainty around Korry’s actions:
          • Communication failures between Korry and State Department, 117
          • Johnson-Kissinger conversation about, 122
          • Kissinger’s call for more supervision of Korry, 100
          • Lack of U.S. channels to Frei, 112
          • Meyer’s call for Korry to pull back, 109, 111
          • Vaky’s desire to “rein in” Korry, 76, 95, 98
      • Frei refusal to recognize Allende as president-elect before, 73
      • Frei’s actions to influence, 81
      • Frei’s attitudes around, 81
      • Frei’s early resignation plan, 83, 85, 102
      • Generals’ meeting in response to Allende’s win, 65, 67
      • Generals’ meeting with Allende and Teitelboim, 142
      • Impossibility of parliamentary solution for avoiding Allende presidency, 108, 115, 127
      • National support for Allende in, 141, 144, 161
      • Need for as shown by polling results, 53
      • PDC rejuvenation of opposition to Allende before, 77
      • PDC vote against Allende, 123
      • Situation in Chile prior to, 65, 66, 70, 101
      • UP consolidation of power in period leading up to, 79, 81, 85
      • U.S. concern over Chilean inaction around, 140
    • Congo, Democratic Republic of, 197
    • Congress, Chile (see also Confirmation of Chilean President):
      • Allende as elected by, possible, 33
      • Buying of votes of members of, 55, 60, 83
      • Conflicts with Allende, 302
      • Election of President by, Need for, as shown by polls, 53
      • Support levels for Presidential candidates, 41
    • Congress, Chile, Acts of (see also Nationalization of property):
      • Agrarian Reform Law, 231
      • Amendment for economic restructuring, 302
      • Amendment for nationalization of copper industry:
      • Amendment for unicameral legislature, 272
      • Constitutional Reform Bill, 26, 293
      • Payment for expropriated property, 250
      • State of Emergency laws, 311
    • Congress, U.S.:
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile, 352, 356, 362
      • IDB loans to Chilean universities, 194
      • Military aid to Chile, 6, 358
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 282
      • U.S. government briefings on Chile to, 181, 182, 183
    • Congress, U.S., Acts of (see also Hickenlooper Amendment):
    • Connally, John B.:
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 234, 235, 238
      • Nationalization of property:
        • Appointment of special envoy, 244, 253, 256, 257
        • International support for opposition to seeking of, 277
        • Meeting with Anaconda executives, 245, 248
        • Statement on compensation for, 267
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt:
        • Agreement on, 299
        • Binding arbitration for, 294
        • Leadership of U.S. delegation to Paris talks on, 287, 294
        • Nixon’s decision on, 288
        • Options for, 274, 275
        • Planning for strategy on, 286
    • Constantine, King (Greece), 350
    • Continental Copper and Steel Industries, 11, 17
    • Controlaría General:
      • Claims of independence of, 250
      • Role in determining worth of nationalized companies, 240, 242
      • Suspension of debt repayment, 284, 285
    • Cooper, Charles, 361
    • Copper Accord (1967), 8
    • Copper industry in Chile:
      • Anaconda Copper agreement for Chileanization of, 8, 9, 13, 17
      • Chile as second-largest producer, 62
      • Chileanization of:
        • As nationalization, 215
        • Frei’s plans for, 8, 9, 10, 11
        • Kissinger meeting with Meyer and Korry on, 13
        • Likelihood under any government of, 1
        • Of Cerro de Pascua mines, 9, 17
        • Of Kennecott mines, 9, 13, 33
        • Through excess profits law, 15
        • U.S. perspectives on, 26
      • Chinese People’s Republic imports of, 190, 291
      • Eximbank financing of expansion of, 8
      • Frei meetings with officials of, 12
      • Frei’s position on nationalization of, 1, 15
      • High copper prices, 8, 47
      • Price drops, 197
      • Tomic’s plan for purchasing share of, 11
      • Western European copper purchases, 194
    • Copper plot, 219, 222, 243
    • Copper prices, 8, 47, 197
    • Copper stockpile, U.S., 173, 175, 197
    • Corporacion de Cobre (CODELCO):
      • Assessment of value of property to be expropriated, 250
      • Formation of, 265
      • Litigation in foreign courts over payment of debt, 284
    • Corrigan, Robert F., 350, 353
    • Council for Latin America:
      • Anaconda’s funding of Chilean candidates, 37
      • Anaconda’s request for U.S. funding for Alessandri campaign, 32, 33
      • Seen as indiscreet, 35
    • Council for the Americas, 181, 182, 183
    • Counter insurgency, 338
    • Country Assistance Strategy Papers (CASP), 96
    • Coup in Chile:
      • Air Force plans for, 326
      • Allende government’s awareness of likelihood of, 353
      • Allende government’s fear of, 342
      • Argentine condemnation of, 353
      • Arguments against probability of, 329
      • Assessment of effectiveness of covert U.S. actions toward, 356, 362
      • Canales’ coordination with business leaders for, 303
      • Consequences of, possible, 306
      • “Constitutional,” 329
      • Contingency planning for, 293, 305, 306
      • Coordination of subversive activities, 303
      • “Creeping,” 344
      • Election of Mar. 1973 affected by, possibly, 306
      • For preventing Allende presidency:
        • Agreement on, 115
        • Allende’s response to, possible, 106
        • Analysis of options for, 78
        • As Navy reaction to Marxist victory, 17
        • As sole remaining option, 108
        • As U.S. policy, 154
        • Chilean senator’s advocacy of, 119
        • CIA view as impossible, 86
        • Civil war as result of, possibility, 26, 70, 106
        • Counter coup, possible, 106
        • Diplomatic recognition of government resulting from, 106
        • Frei’s views on, 6, 65, 106
        • Generals’ meeting, 65
        • Imminent likelihood of, 105, 106, 146
        • Kissinger’s views on, 66
        • Lack of secrecy for, 103
        • Leftist response to, possible, 106
        • Military capabilities for, 89
        • Military’s refusal for, 134
        • NSC views on, 66
        • Palma’s plans for, 136
        • Planning by lower-ranking officers for, 126, 146, 149
        • Pressure on economy for provoking, 121
        • Prospects for, 6, 65, 70, 71
        • Replacement of cabinet ministers by military leaders, 102, 103, 105
        • Schneider as necessary for effectiveness of, 144
        • Schneider’s assassination as obstacle to, 168
        • Timing for, 89
        • U.S. assistance for, 70, 106, 140, 144
        • U.S. concern with Chilean inaction around, 140
        • U.S. contacts with Chilean military on, 71, 72, 118, 129
        • U.S. corporate role in, 120, 121
        • U.S. military aid cut-off threat as motivation for, 120, 138
        • U.S. military representatives as used for advocacy for, 119
        • U.S. representative for orchestration of, proposed, 119
        • U.S. support for Frei in, 112, 113, 117, 140, 144
        • U.S. support of armed forces in case of, 112, 113, 140, 144
        • U.S. weapons transfers to coup plotters, 154
      • Foreign assistance to new government after, possible, 313
      • “Fourth option” discussions, 50, 52, 55, 156
      • Guerrilla warfare as possible response to, 313
      • Increased possibility of, 326
      • Initiation of, 346
      • Kissinger-Nixon conversations on, 352, 357
      • Lack of support for, 341
      • Likelihood of, 306, 344
      • Mexican condemnation of, 348, 353
      • P&L attempts to provoke, 303
      • Potential leaders of, 154, 293, 305, 306, 307
      • Prats as potential leader of, 89, 306
      • Prospects for, 307, 312, 313
      • Provoking through economic decline, 121, 128
      • Sixty-day plan for, 305
      • Souper coup (June 1973), 334, 335
      • Success of, 347, 349
      • Support by international financial institutions in event of, 106
      • Time seen as premature for, 305
      • U.S. advance notice of, issue of, 353, 354
      • U.S. response to assistance requested by coup plotters, 312, 313
      • Viaux role in, possible, 50
    • Covert U.S. actions against Allende government:
    • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
      • 1964 presidential election:
        • Amounts of, 335
        • Crimmins-Korry conversation on, 28
        • Dungan as organizer of, 121
        • Effects of, 3, 90
        • Efforts as widely known, 32, 33
      • Mar. 1965 Congressional election, 3
      • Mar. 1969 Congressional election, 3, 7
      • 1970 Presidential election:
        • Anaconda request for Alessandri funding, 32, 33, 35, 36
        • CIA position, 34, 36
        • Continuation with Phase I, 44
        • Expansion of program for:
          • Mechanisms for, 37
          • Post-election activities, 35, 39
          • Recommendations for, 38
          • Reservations and objections to, 36, 39, 41
          • Suspension of, 43
        • Holdover of Phase I, 55
        • Planning for, 53
        • Policy decisions, lack of coherence in, 130
        • State Department planning meeting for, 28, 29
        • Status report on, 57
        • Tomic as supported in, 30, 40
      • As danger to U.S. Vietnam policy, 57, 87
      • Confirmation of Chilean President:
        • Buying of Congressional votes, 50, 60, 83
        • Chilean suspicions toward United States on, 59
        • CIA planning for implementation of, 54, 55, 58
        • CIA position, 34
        • Disassociation from rightist forces, Korry recommendation for, 144
        • Embassy as maintaining low profile around, 116, 117
        • Feasibility of, 63
        • Fourth option, 50, 52, 55, 156
        • Funding for, 51, 58, 59, 60
        • Nixon-Kissinger talks on, 82
        • Nixon’s approval of, 93, 94
        • Planning for, 53
        • Policy decisions, lack of coherence in, 130
        • Postponement of Phase II, 44, 51
        • Private vs. public funding, 37
        • Status report on, 57
        • U.S. courses of action around:
          • Need for rethinking on, 64
          • Pessimism around, 68
          • Secrecy as need around, 74, 80, 88
        • Washington’s uncertainty around Korry’s actions:
          • Communications failures between Korry and State Department, 117
          • Johnson-Kissinger conversation about, 122
          • Kissinger’s call for more supervision of Korry, 100
          • Lack of U.S. channels to Frei, 112
          • Myer’s call for Korry to pull back, 109, 111
          • Vaky’s desire to “rein in” Korry, 76, 95, 98
      • Frei as supported for election, 3, 33, 107, 335
      • Funding for Chilean elections, Opposition to expansion of, 41, 42
      • Funding for political parties:
        • Democratic Radical (PDR), 28, 29, 35
        • For fostering dissention within UP, 29, 270
        • Schisms in Radical Party, promotion of, 29, 35, 37
      • Post-coup operations, planning for, 366
    • Covington & Burling LLP, 239
    • Credit squeeze, 254
    • Crimmins, John H.:
      • Allende government at the two-year mark, 302
      • Brazilian aid to junta, 350
      • Chileanization of copper companies, 11
      • Compensation for nationalized properties, 266
      • Confirmation of Chilean President, Covert U.S. actions around, 63, 74, 76
      • Congressional conflicts with Allende government, 302
      • Copper negotiations, 240
      • Coup in Chile, 71, 305, 313
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile, 63, 74, 76, 305, 308
      • Covert U.S. funding for Chilean elections:
        • Continuation with Phase I, 44
        • Fourth option, 50, 55
        • Korry conversation on, 28
        • Mar. 1973 elections, 319, 325
        • Mechanisms for expansion of, 37
        • Opposition to expansion of, 41, 42
        • Postponement of Phase II, 44, 51
        • State Department planning meeting, 28, 29
      • Economic sanctions against Chile, 215
      • 40 Committee meetings, Sept. 8, 1970, 70
      • IDB loans to Chilean universities, 194
      • Jack Anderson column on ITT memoranda, 298
      • Kunakov Archives, 56
      • Nationalization of property, 194, 202, 206, 239
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 284, 318, 328, 331
      • SRG meetings, 194, 206, 298
      • U.S. funding of El Mercurio, 290
    • CTC, 260
    • Cuba:
      • Allende’s visit to, 315
      • Argentine hijackers release to, 304
      • Bay of Pigs invasion (1961), 158, 169
      • Campaign allegations of Allende links to, 38, 90
      • Chile, relations with:
        • Airline service, 232, 235
        • Application of U.S. laws relating to, 183
        • Attacks on Cuban ship and embassy, 350, 353
        • Breaking by junta of, 349, 355
        • Normalization of:
          • Support by Allende’s opposition for, 33, 48
          • U.S. consultation with OAS governments on, 183
          • U.S. position, 150, 155, 190
        • Reorganization of Chilean intelligence services, 203
        • Trade, 47, 183
        • U.S. opposition to, 134
      • Chile compared with, 165
      • Jamaica, relations with, 183
      • Mexico, relations with, 183, 187
      • Missile crisis (1962), 158
      • Naval support facility in, 195
      • OAS participation by, 187, 353
      • OAS sanctions resolution on, 181, 182, 187, 195
      • Soviet submarine base crisis, 165
      • Trade sanctions on, 187
      • United States, relations with, 187, 358
      • U.S.-Chilean relations as seen by, 132, 158
    • Cultural exchange, 279
    • Cushman, Gen. Robert E., Jr.:
    • Cyr, Krest, 33, 120, 126
    • Czechoslovakia:
      • Communist takeover (1947), 96, 99
      • Concocted message about Communist takeover in, 131
      • PCCh as first communist party to support invasion of, 150
      • Soviet invasion (1968), 106
    • Dam, Kenneth W., 257
    • Davis, Angela, 350
    • Davis, Elizabeth, 348
    • Davis, Jeanne W.:
    • Davis, Nathaniel:
      • Allende’s death, 348
      • Civil unrest in Chile, 330
      • Compensation for nationalized properties, 262
      • Confirmation as ambassador, 244
      • Coup in Chile, 305, 309, 348
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
      • Election (Jan. 1972), 291
      • Initial assessment on Chile, 276
      • Meetings:
        • Kissinger with Almeyda, 263, 264
        • Of Kissinger with Allende, proposed, 314
        • Of Nixon with Allende, proposed, 314
        • Of Rogers with Allende, proposed, 314
        • With Allende, 284, 285
        • With Pinochet, 363
      • Pinochet junta:
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 291, 297, 316, 323
      • SRG meetings, Sept. 9, 1971, 257
      • U.S. public posture toward Allende government, 279
      • Visit to Washington, 352, 353
    • De Cubas, José, 32
    • De Gaulle, Charles, 4
    • Debt repayments, suspension of, 284, 285
    • Defense, U.S. Department of:
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 232, 235
      • Courses of action toward Allende government, 155, 167, 169
      • Covert U.S. actions against Allende government, 340
      • NIE preparation role of, 1, 47
      • Options paper, 167, 171
      • Tank delivery to Chile, 205
    • Defense Attaché Office (DAO):
      • Chilean military officers discussions with, 118
      • Continuation of military deliveries, 144
      • Cutbacks in information gathering by, 23, 80
      • Reports from, 50, 115
    • Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), 118, 177
    • Denny, George C., 325
    • Díaz Casanueva, Humberto, 315
    • Dominican Republic, 106, 155, 158, 165
    • Donaldson, Rear Adm. James C., Jr., 188
    • Douglas-Home, Alec, 138
    • Dow Chemical Co., 145, 161
    • Drought, 2, 8, 10, 14
    • Duhalde, Alfredo, 5
    • Dulles, John Foster, 195
    • Dungan, Ralph A., 112, 121, 131
    • Duran Neumann, Julio A. G., 55, 65, 67, 75
    • Eagleburger, Lawrence S., 353
    • Easter Island, 155, 165, 207, 315
    • Eaton, Samuel D., 155, 187, 194, 233, 257, 298
    • Echeverria Alvarez, Luis, 348, 353
    • Economic development in Chile, 26
    • Economic sanctions against Chile, 214, 215
    • Economic situation in Chile (see also Inflation):
      • Agricultural decline, 268, 291, 330
      • Authorization of public statements on, issue of, 101
      • Balance of payments, 268
      • CIA report on status of, 268
      • CIA report on vulnerabilities in, 214
      • Copper price drops, effect on, 197
      • Credit squeeze, 254
      • Davis’ initial assessment on, 276
      • Dependency on the United States, 83
      • Deterioration of, 137, 138, 183, 291
      • Foreign exchange, 256, 276
      • Korry’s assessment of, 1, 99, 137, 214
      • Marxist perspectives on, 291
      • Monetary liquidity, 68
      • Objectives and strategy for, 320
      • Price controls, 203
      • Provoking coup through pressure on, 121, 128
      • Rescheduling of debt:
      • Restrictions on imports, 270
      • Socialization of, 268
      • Time bombs in, 269
      • U.S. perceptions of economic development, 26
      • Wage increases vs. productivity, 302
      • Zaldivar’s analysis of, 121, 135
    • Economic warfare, 183
    • Ecuador, 165, 204, 327
    • Edwards Eastman, Augustín:
      • As Frei supporter, 62
      • As El Mercurio owner, 62, 271, 290, 295
      • Election of Allende, 81
      • Meetings:
        • With Helms and Kendall, 89
        • With Kissinger and Kendall, 82
        • With Mitchell, 89
      • Passport application as leaked, 79
      • Possible actions after Allende electoral win, 66
    • El Teniente mine, 8, 239, 284, 285
    • Elections in Chile (see also Presidential election in Chile (Sept. 1970)):
      • 1958, 3
      • 1964:
        • Constitutional reform promise in, 28
        • Covert U.S. actions:
          • Amounts of U.S. funding for, 335
          • Crimmins-Korry conversation on, 28
          • Dungan as organizer of, 121
          • Effects of, 3, 90
          • Efforts as widely known, 32, 33
        • Edwards’ support of Frei in, 62
        • Frei as receiving mandate in, 47
        • Frei’s campaign promise for “Chileanization” in, 8, 13, 17
        • Soviet financing of Allende campaign in, 90
      • Mar. 1965, 3
      • Apr. 1967, 3
      • Dec. 1967, 37
      • Mar. 1969:
        • Covert U.S. activities around, 3, 7
        • Final 303 Committee Report on, 3, 7
        • Outlook for, 1
        • PDC losses in, 17
      • Apr. 1971:
        • Municipal elections:
          • As UP’s best showing, 289
          • Covert U.S. support for, 200, 230
          • Outlook for, 215
          • Progress reports on campaign for, 213, 216
          • Results of, 218, 219
          • Value of covert U.S. assistance in, 227
        • Senate by-election:
      • July 1971 (Valparaiso by-election), 236, 237, 241, 281
      • Jan. 1972 by-election, 276, 278, 289, 291, 292
      • July 1972 by-election, 301
      • Mar. 1973:
        • As being long after Presidential election, 47
        • Covert U.S. funding for private sector during, 305, 308, 310, 317, 332
        • Covert U.S. program for political parties for, 270, 271, 308, 317, 319
        • Early U.S. planning for, 227
        • Effect of possible coup on, 306
        • Plebiscite for avoidance of, 241
        • Results of, 321, 325
        • Start of campaigning for, 304
        • Value of covert U.S. assistance in, 325
      • 1975, 336
      • 1976, 329, 336, 341
      • Chilean Congressional support for candidates in, 41
      • Plebiscite for unicameral legislature, 241, 259, 291
      • Run-off proposal, 64
    • Elections in the United States (Nov. 1970), 165
    • Eliot, Theodore L., Jr.:
      • Bethlehem Steel buy-out agreement, 217
      • Church subcommittee hearings, 324
      • Compensation for nationalized properties, 266
      • Coup in Chile, 354
      • Election (Mar. 1973), 321
      • Executive privilege, 324
      • OPIC indemnification of ITT, 322
      • Phase II, 42
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 280, 318, 328
      • Truckers’ strike, 311
    • Ellington, Duke, 279
    • Emigration from Chile, 121
    • Emmons, Robert, 240
    • Enterprise (aircraft carrier), 207, 209, 210, 216, 315, 327
    • Ercilla, 5, 215
    • ESSO, 120, 121, 135, 138
    • Estrada, Genaro, 351
    • Estrada Doctrine, 351
    • Evans, Rowland, 174
    • Excess profits:
      • As deduction from amount owed copper companies, 264, 266
      • Chileanization through law on, 15
      • Defining, 327
      • Findings on, 260, 294
      • Kissinger-Almeyda discussion of, 264
      • Retroactive application of law on, 266
      • Signing of decree on, 261, 302
      • U.S. position, 263
    • Executive privilege, 322, 324
    • Exotica Mine, 17, 261, 265
    • Export-Import Bank:
      • Boeing aircraft loan request:
      • Chilean debt levels to, 35
      • Chilean operations of, 130, 199
      • Chilean talks with, 15
      • Copper industry expansion financed by, 8
      • Loans to Chile:
        • Downrating of, 128, 138, 183
        • Exposure of bank to, 194
        • Reduction on guarantees and insurance for, 194
        • Steel company, 128
        • Suspension of disbursements of, 281
        • Total amounts since 1961 of, 84
        • U.S. denial of, 173, 216
      • Peruvian loan requests, 232
      • Rapid-acceleration feature of loan repayments, 11
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 275, 280
      • U.S. assumptions in advance of Allende government, 155
    • Exports from Chile, 291
    • Expropriation. See Nationalization of property
    • Extradition Treaty (U.S.-Chile), 56
    • FACH (Chilean Air Force), 345
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 1, 47, 177
    • Feldman, Mark B.:
      • Chileanization of copper companies, 11
      • Copper negotiations, 240
      • Legislation on nationalization of property, 202, 250
      • Nationalization of copper industry, 254
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 284, 318, 328
      • U.S. communication with junta leaders, 363
    • Fertilizer, 207
    • Figueroa Serrano, Carlos, 85, 102, 103, 105, 108
    • The First Circle (Solzhenitsyn), 43
    • First National City Bank, 97, 120, 290
    • Fisher, John W.:
      • Allende government after two years, 302
      • Bush visit with Allende, 315
      • Nationalization of copper industry, 202, 240, 250, 254, 266
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 284, 318
      • SRG meeting of Feb. 17, 1971, 206
      • U.S. funding of El Mercurio, 290
      • U.S. response to assistance requested by coup plotters, 313
    • Flanigan, Peter M., 16, 298, 335
    • Fly, Claude, 51
    • Ford, Henry, 33
    • Ford Motor Company:
      • As “doomed,” 121
      • Financial losses of, 128
      • Intent to withdraw from Chile, 138, 225
      • Truck manufacture in Yugoslavia, 33
      • Willingness to remain in Chile, 161
    • Foreign Military Sales (FMS) credits:
    • Forestier Haengsen, Gen. Carlos, 303
    • 40 Committee:
    • Fourth option. See Coup in Chile
    • Fractional Orbital Bombardment programs, 91
    • France:
      • Algerian nationalization of property of, 277
      • Allende negotiations with, 97, 99
      • Chile, relations with, 65, 164, 360
      • Frei as seen in, 61
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 275, 280
    • Franco-Italian Bank, 135
    • Freeman, Rear Adm. Mason B., 150
    • Frei Bolivar, Arturo, 79
    • Frei Montalva, Eduardo:
      • Alessandri’s prospects as presidential candidate, 5, 27, 61
      • Allende as president-elect, refusal to recognize by, 73
      • Allende as seen by, 178
      • Allende victory as responded to by, possible, 18, 50, 63, 66
      • Anaconda Copper agreement with Chile, 17
      • Anti-American charges in Chilean media, 163
      • Appointment of acting President by, 105, 107
      • As indecisive, 89
      • As potential candidate upon resignation of interim president, 65, 66, 68, 78, 86, 127
      • As pragmatist, 73
      • As receiving mandate in 1964 election, 47
      • As Senate President, 350
      • As UN Secretary-General, possible, 117, 120
      • British views of, 61
      • Cabinet appointments by Schneider, 108
      • Catholic Church as supporter of, 83
      • Chilean armed forces as seen by, 6, 37
      • Chileanization of copper companies, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 17
      • CIA channels to, 112
      • Communist Party of Chile (PCCh), 81
      • Confirmation of Chilean President, 81
      • Coup in Chile:
        • Against government of, 24
        • For preventing Allende presidency, 6, 65, 106
        • Need to take action by, 132, 142
        • Prospects for, 6, 65
      • Covert U.S. support for election of, 3, 33, 107, 335
      • Early resignation plan of, 83, 85
      • French views of, 61
      • Fundraising in Western Europe for PDC, 271
      • Government as stable democracy under, 2
      • Hales as loyalist of, 131
      • Inflation, 1, 8, 14
      • Italian view of, 61, 62
      • ITT memoranda, 294
      • Japanese view of, 61
      • Korry’s constraints in discussions with, 48
      • Land redistribution, 26
      • Leighton as emissary to Alessandri, 89
      • Lleras Restrapo compared with, 65
      • MAP training program suspension, 108
      • Meetings:
      • Messages:
      • Military plot in response to Alessandri loss, 61
      • Monetary liquidity, 68
      • Narco-trafficking by Chilean government, 177, 193
      • National Party enmity toward, 200
      • Nationalization of copper industry, 1, 15
      • Nixon as seen by, 4
      • Phase II role of, 55
      • Political action committee formation by, 5
      • Political situation in Chile, 25, 26, 27
      • Presidential campaign role of, 35
      • Resignation and re-election campaign of, 105, 107
      • Schneider, relationship with, 50
      • Schneider assassination, 162
      • Strategy for 1970 elections, 5
      • Tomic as presidential candidate, 27, 61
      • U.S. assessment of administration of, 1, 47
      • U.S. economic aid to Chile, 4
      • U.S. financial non-support of PDC during Allende presidency, 131
      • U.S. support in coup for, 112, 113, 117, 140, 144
      • Valdes’ relationship with, 26
      • Viaux as seen by, 61
      • Viaux’s coup as handled by, 29
      • Visa issuance suspended by, 61, 65
      • Yugoslav view of, 61
    • FUBELT (see also Covert U.S. actions in Chile):
      • CIA instructions for station in Chile, 107
      • CIA talks with Haig, 146
      • Genesis of, 94
      • Viaux second coup as counterproductive to, 154
    • Fuentealba Moena, Renán:
      • As PDC negotiation committee member for UP talks, 137
      • Chileanization of copper companies, 15
      • Kunakov Archives, 56
      • Nationalism of, 73, 79
      • Tomic as PDC candidate, 5
      • Viaux television interview, 25
    • Fulbright, J. William, 79, 183, 243
    • G–10 countries, 277
    • Gallup Polls, 62
    • Gammon, Samuel R., 363
    • Gantz, David A., 318
    • Gardner, James R.:
      • Coup in Chile, 71, 313, 344, 354, 362
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
        • Congressional questioning on, 362
        • Funding for Chilean elections, 28, 51, 319, 325
        • Funding for FY 1974, 337
        • Funding for private-sector organizations, 308
        • Reexamination of value of funding opposition forces, 329
      • 40 Committee meetings, 70
      • U.S. funding of El Mercurio, 290
    • Geneen, Harold S., 128, 138, 322
    • General Motors, 121, 145, 161
    • General Tire, 120, 135
    • Germany, Democratic Republic of (GDR):
      • Allende’s pledge of recognition for, 81
      • Chile, relations with, 150, 190, 203
      • German Federal Republic, relations with, 158
      • Search of ship of, 345
    • Germany, Federal Republic of:
      • Chile, relations with:
      • Frei as seen in, 61
      • German Democratic Republic, relations with, 158
      • Investments in the United States by, 327
      • SPD as used in plan to prevent Allende government, 86
    • Get-out-the-vote efforts, 317
    • Girdler, Lewis, 52, 318
    • Gonzalez, Raymond E., 331
    • Gonzalez Amendment, 312, 313, 328
    • Gordon, E.J., 275
    • Goshko, Josh, 21
    • Gottwald, Clement, 131
    • Goulart, Joäo, 350
    • Greece, 350
    • Griffin, Malcolm, 8
    • Guatemala:
      • Chile, relations with, 351
      • Overthrow of Arbenz, 169, 195
      • U.S. consultations on public posture to Allende government, 155
      • U.S. inaugural delegation to, 165
    • Guerratty Villalobos, Gen. Carlos:
      • Agreement on coup to prevent Allende presidency, 115
      • Generals’ meeting in response to Allende’s win, 65, 67
      • Opposition to Allende as president, 50
      • Schneider assassination, 162
      • Suspension of MAP training programs, 108
    • Guerrilla warfare, 313
    • Guevara, Ernesto (Che), 350
    • Gumucio Vives, Rafael A., 123
    • Guthrie, D. Keith:
      • SRG meetings:
    • Hackett, James T., 298
    • Hague Convention (1899), 320, 331
    • Haig, Alexander M.:
      • Allende’s meeting with Latin American revolutionaries (Nov. 1970), 174
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 238
      • Chileanization of copper companies, 9
      • Compensation for nationalized properties, 266
      • Congratulatory message for Allende’s confirmation as President, 169
      • Copper plot, 243
      • Coup in Chile, 119, 146, 309, 312
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile, 278, 283, 295
      • Elections (Apr. 1971), 198
      • Excess profits, 261
      • 40 Committee meetings, 122, 127
      • FUBELT, 146
      • Korry as seen by, 119
      • Korry’s replacement as ambassador, 212
      • Korry’s request for visit to Washington, 146
      • Meeting of Nachmanoff with Ossa, 272
      • Memos to Kissinger, 119
      • Narco-trafficking by Chilean government, 177
      • NSC meetings, 173
      • Preservation of CIA assets in Chile, 152
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 280, 288
      • SRG meetings, 158, 169
      • 303 Committee meetings, 7
      • Viaux warned against second coup, 152
    • Haiti, 187
    • Haldeman, H.R., 172, 212
    • Haldeman, Robert, 12, 239, 251
    • Hales Jamarne, Alejandro, 9, 12, 15, 131
    • Hamilton, Juan, 5
    • Hannah, John A., 175
    • Harriman, W. Averell, 8
    • Hart, John, 41, 188
    • Hartman, Arthur, 171
    • Hartman, Brig. Gen. Richard J., 257, 298
    • Heath, Edward, 117, 138
    • Helms, Richard M.:
      • CIA press comments on Viaux coup attempt, 21
      • Copper plot, 222, 243
      • Coup in Chile, 70, 105, 306
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
      • 40 Committee meetings:
      • FUBELT, 94
      • Jack Anderson column on ITT memoranda, 298
      • Meeting with Edwards and Kendall, 89
      • NSC meetings, 173
      • NSSM 97, 46, 53
      • Operational issues before start of Allende government, 160
      • Political situation in Chile, 178
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 286
      • SRG meetings, 169, 187, 206, 210, 233, 257, 298
      • 303 Committee meetings, 7
      • U.S. policy toward Allende government, 173
    • Henderson, Douglas, 75
    • Hennessy, John:
    • Hernandez Parker, Luis, 161, 215
    • Herrera Lane, Felipe:
      • As candidate for UN Secretary-General, 262, 315
      • As ineffective, 81
      • As relative moderate in Allende government, 291
      • As University rector, 183, 187
      • Economic czar under Allende, desire for post of, 132
      • IDB loans, 158, 183
      • Meeting with Korry, 135, 138
      • On Allende as President, 77, 83
    • Hesburgh, Theodore, 194
    • Hewitt, Ashley C.:
      • Chilean report, 203
      • Economic situation in Chile, 214, 268
      • Elections, Jan. 1972, 289
      • Excess profits, 261
      • Kissinger-Jarpa meeting, 189
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 288
      • SRG meetings, Oct. 29, 1970, 169
    • Hickenlooper Amendment:
      • As applied to military government, 312, 313
      • Binding arbitration as consistent with requirements of, 328
      • Companies covered by, 11
      • De facto equivalent of invocation of, 279
      • Liabilities in the invoking of, 194
      • Military aid and, 279
      • Non-application in IPC nationalization of, 169, 267
      • Possibility of application of, 13, 153
      • Timetable for invocation of, 274
      • U.S. actions to avoid implementation of, 155
    • Hildyard, David, 69
    • Hill, Robert, 361, 363
    • Hobbing, Enno, 32
    • Holdridge, John, 138, 149, 179, 271
    • Holmes Task Force, 221
    • Holy See, 360
    • Hormats, Robert, 280, 288, 294, 298
    • House of Representatives, U.S., Foreign Affairs Committee, 362
    • HQS, 72
    • Huerta Celis, Gen. Vicente E., 50, 65, 67, 89, 144
    • Huerta Diaz, Ismael, 351, 360, 363
    • Hughes, Thomas L., 1
    • Hungarians, 135
    • Hunt, Cecil M., 250, 284
    • Hurd, John G., 16
    • Hurwitch, Robert A.:
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile, 329
      • Impossibility of parliamentary solution for avoiding Allende presidency, 115
      • Inevitability of Allende as President, 148
      • NSC meetings, 171, 173
      • SRG meetings, 169
      • U.S. funding of El Mercurio, 290
    • Ibañez Ojeda, Pedro, 33, 119, 327
    • Iberia Airlines, 235
    • Import liberalization, 27
    • Inauguration of Allende (see also Allende Gossens, Salvador):
    • Indonesia, 137
    • Inflation in Chile:
      • As issue in Presidential campaign (1970), 26
      • Frei administration as impacted by, 1
      • Frei’s attempts at control of, 8, 14
      • Increases in rate of, 99, 304
      • Reduction in rate of, possible, 268
      • Tomic’s views on, 5
    • Ingersoll, John, 177, 193
    • Inostroza Cuevas, Alfonso, 279
    • Insunza Becker, Jorge, 121
    • Inter-Agency Expropriations Group, 266
    • Inter-American Arbitration Convention (1929), 320, 331
    • Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), 183, 187, 190
    • Inter-American Defense College, 183
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IDB):
    • Inter-American Peace Committee, 106
    • Inter-American Press Association, 255
    • Interamerican Committee for the Alliance for Progress (CIAP), 8, 208, 216
    • International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD):
      • Chilean talks with, 15
      • Nationalization of property, 277
      • Questioning of Chilean credit-worthiness, 186
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 279, 286
      • Stalling of loans to Chile from, 183, 281
      • Support in event of Chilean coup by, 106
      • U.S. consultations with, 183
    • International Monetary Fund (IMF), 15, 279, 282
    • International Petroleum Company (IPC), Peruvian expropriation of:
      • CECLA meeting and, 4
      • Chilean copper nationalization links to, 8, 9, 13, 17
      • Hickenlooper Amendment not applied for, 169, 267
      • U.S. avoidance of confrontation over, 158
      • U.S.-Peruvian exchange of notes over, 194
    • International Press Institute, 258
    • International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation (ITT):
      • Allende’s views of, 225, 327
      • Chilean nationalization of:
      • Chilean takeover of operations of, 274
      • Church subcommittee hearings on, 322, 324
      • Investments in Chile by, 90
      • Jack Anderson column on memoranda from, 294, 296, 298, 322
      • Kissinger meeting with delegation from, 335
      • OPIC indemnification of, 299, 322
    • Investment Guarantee Program, 175
    • Irureta Aburto, Narciso, 12
    • Irwin, John N., II:
      • Anaconda executives’ meeting with Kissinger and, 245, 248
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile, 213, 295
      • Enterprise visit to Chile, proposed, 209, 210
      • 40 Committee meetings, 111, 112, 184, 201, 258
      • IDB loans to Chilean universities, 194
      • Korry’s removal as ambassador, 192
      • Nace’s visit to Chile, 226
      • Nationalization of property, 194, 202, 206, 245
      • NSC meetings, 173
      • NSDM 93, 281
      • NSSM 97, 156
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 286
      • SRG meetings:
      • UNCTAD III conference, 294
      • U.S. policy toward Allende government, 173
      • U.S. public statement on Allende government, 183
      • USIA representation at Ad Hoc Interagency Working Group on Chile, 183
    • Israel, 61
    • Italy:
      • Chile, relations with, 119, 150
      • Frei as seen in, 61, 62
      • Impact of successfully-elected Marxist government on, 172
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 275
    • Jamaica, 183, 187
    • Japan:
      • Allende inauguration, 155
      • Assistance to post-coup government, possible, 313
      • Frei as seen in, 61
      • Investments in the United States of, 327
      • Okinawa’s reversion to, 327
      • Recognition of Chilean junta, 350
      • Trade with Chile, 207, 214
    • Jarpa Reyes, Sergio O., 25, 89, 189, 198
    • Javits, Jacob, 205, 206, 352
    • Jessup, Peter:
    • Johnson, Lyndon B., 221, 350
    • Johnson, U. Alexis:
      • Aid for anti-Allende PDC faction, 137
      • Allende-Valdes meetings, 123
      • Anaconda miners’ strike, 120, 131, 132
      • Anaconda wage proposals, 120
      • Congratulatory message for Allende’s confirmation, 169
      • Convincing Frei to take action, 132
      • Coup to prevent Allende’s presidency, 105
        • Civil war as result of, possible, 70
        • Economic pressure for provoking of, 128
        • Plans by lower-ranking officers for, 126
        • U.S. support of Frei and armed forces in case of, 112, 113
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
        • Funding for Chilean elections, 32, 42, 52, 54, 58
        • Funding for political opposition to Allende, 213
        • Funding for political parties, 230
        • Funding for private-sector organizations, 308
      • DAO contacts with Chilean military, 118
      • Economic situation in Chile, 137
      • Election (Apr. 1971), 198, 219
      • Emigration from Chile, 121
      • Enriched uranium shipments to Chile, 127
      • 40 Committee meetings:
      • Impossibility of parliamentary solution for avoiding Allende presidency, 127
      • Inevitability of Allende as President, 148
      • Korry’s request for visit to Washington, 139
      • Meeting with Letelier, 252
      • Messages:
      • Political situation in Chile, 178
      • SRG meetings, 150, 158, 169, 183, 187, 206
      • Suspension of MAP training programs, 110, 140, 143
      • 303 Committee meetings, 7
      • U.S. financial non-support of PDC during Allende presidency, 131
      • U.S. policy toward Allende government, 145
      • Washington’s uncertainty about Korry’s actions, 112, 117
      • “Withholding” rather than “termination” of MAP deliveries, 133
    • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS):
      • Ad Hoc Working Group on Chile representative from, 183
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 235
      • Communist bases in the Western Hemisphere, 195
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile, 340
      • Operational issues before start of Allende government, 160
    • Joint ventures, 11
    • Jordan, 158
    • Jorden, William J.:
      • Coup in Chile:
        • Canales’ approach to U.S. via CIA contact, 309
        • Canales’ contingency planning for, 293
        • Increased possibility of, 326
        • Prospects for, 312
        • Time seen as premature for, 305
        • U.S. response to assistance requested by coup plotters, 313
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
        • Funding for FY 1974, 340, 342
        • Funding for political parties, 317
        • Funding for private-sector organizations, 343
        • Funding of El Mercurio, 295
        • Post-coup assessment of effectiveness of, 356
      • 40 Committee meeting of Apr. 11, 1972, 295
      • NIE 9473, 336
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt, 316, 328
      • SRG meetings, Apr. 11, 1972, 294, 298
      • U.S. relations with military junta, 358, 365
      • WSAG meetings, 350, 361
    • Juliet Gómez, Raúl, 55
    • Kapp, Joe, 77
    • Karamessines, Thomas H.:
    • Katz, Julius L., 11
    • Kearns, Henry:
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 235, 238, 242, 247
      • Downgrading of Chile’s credit rating by, 138, 183
      • Meeting with Letelier, 251
      • Suspension of Chilean debt repayments, 284
    • Kendall, Donald M., 82, 89
    • Kennecott Copper Company:
      • Actions in anticipation of Allende inauguration, 135
      • Braden as purchased by, 239
      • Chileanization of mines of, 9, 13, 33
      • Chile’s charges against, 314
      • Excess profits of, 261, 302
      • Expropriation guarantee coverage, 11
      • Meeting with U.S. government officials, 239
      • Nationalization of mines of:
        • Appointment of committee of Chilean and Finnish experts, 285
        • Entry into talks on, 250
        • History of, 239
        • Lack of payment for, 257
        • Legal actions against Chile by, 318
        • Likelihood of, 135
        • Payment in copper for, 194
        • Prospects for, 8
        • Special Copper Tribunal’s decision on, 316
      • OPIC claim by, 239, 261
    • Kennedy, David M, 175
    • Kennedy, Edward M., 79
    • Kennedy, Col. Richard T.:
    • Kirilenko, Andrei P., 291
    • Kissinger, Henry A.:
      • Allende government:
        • Covert U.S. Funding for political opposition to, 200, 201, 213, 224
        • Currency counterfeiting by, 177
        • Media purchases by opponents of, 188
        • Narco-trafficking by, 177, 193
        • Post-inauguration analysis, 180
        • U.S. credit policy toward, 257
        • U.S. financial non-support of PDC under, 131
        • U.S. operational issues before start of, 159, 160
        • U.S. policy toward:
          • Adoption of a strategy for, 172, 173
          • Expression of generalities on, 145
          • State-Defense options paper, 167
        • U.S. public statement on, 183
      • Allende’s interests and objectives, 208
      • Allende’s meeting with Latin American revolutionaries (Nov. 1970), 174
      • Allende’s suicide, 353
      • Anaconda Copper agreement with Chile, 17
      • Anaconda miners’ strike, 131
      • Anaconda’s acquiescence to Allende presidency, 124, 125
      • Appointment and confirmation as Secretary of State, 352, 353, 358, 359
      • Bethlehem Steel buy-out agreement, 216, 217
      • Big vs. small-power relationships, 4
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, Chilean position, 242, 284
      • British loans to Chile, 124, 125, 138
      • British support for Allende, 117
      • Chileanization of copper companies, 9
      • Church subcommittee hearings, 324
      • CIA paper on covert options for Chile, 166, 169, 179
      • CIA press comments on Viaux’s coup attempt, 21
      • Communist clashes with MIR, 190
      • Communist-Socialist differences, 190
      • Compensation for nationalized properties, Statement on, 267
      • Confirmation of Chilean President:
        • Congratulatory message for, 164, 169
        • Talks with Nixon on, 82
        • U.S. courses of action around, 68, 88
        • Washington’s uncertainty about Korry’s actions, 76, 122
      • Copper plot, 219, 222, 243
      • Copper price drops’ effect on Chile, 197
      • Coup in Chile:
        • Advance notice for U.S., issue of, 354
        • Canales’ approach to U.S. via CIA contact, 309
        • Canales’ contingency planning for, 293
        • Death of Allende, 348
        • Increased possibility of, 326
        • Initiation of, 346
        • Nixon talks on, 352, 357
        • Post-election possibilities for, 66
        • Time seen as premature for, 305
      • Coup to prevent Allende’s Presidency:
        • Chilean senator’s advocacy of, 119
        • Imminent likelihood of, 105
        • Plans by lower-ranking officers for, 126
        • Views on, 66
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
        • Against Allende government, CIA program proposal, 184
        • As danger to U.S. Vietnam policy, 87
        • Financial support for Jan. 1972 by-elections, 278
        • Funding for FY 1974, 340, 342
        • Funding for political parties, 200, 201, 213, 224, 292
        • Funding for private-sector organizations, 310, 343
        • Mechanisms for carrying out 40 Committee decisions, 95
        • Need for immediacy in implementation of, 283
        • Phase II, 54, 57
        • Policy decisions, lack of coherence in, 130
        • Post-coup assessment of effectiveness of, 356
        • Post-coup cancellation of funding for, 366
        • Reservations and objections to, 39
        • Secrecy as need around, 88
        • Support for Tomic, 30, 40
        • Uncertainty about Korry’s actions in, 76, 98, 122
        • U.S. funding of El Mercurio, 255, 258, 259, 295
      • Cuban participation in OAS, 187
      • Economic situation in Chile, 137, 214, 246
      • Election (1964), 335
      • Election (Apr. 1971), 216, 218, 219, 220, 227
      • Election (Jan. 1972), 278, 289
      • Election (Mar. 1973), 321
      • Election of Allende, 62, 69
      • Emigration from Chile, 121
      • Enterprise visit to Chile, proposed, 209, 210, 216
      • Excess profits, 261, 264
      • Executive privilege, 324
      • Export-Import Bank:
        • Boeing aircraft loan request:
          • Chilean position, 228, 242, 284
          • Discussion of, 232, 233
          • Letelier-Nachmanoff phone conversation on, 247
          • Referral to Nixon of decision on, 235
          • Review of decisions on, 238
        • Operations in Chile of, 130, 199
      • 40 Committee, mechanisms for carrying out decisions by, 95, 100
      • 40 Committee meetings:
      • FUBELT, 94
      • Generals’ meeting in response to Allende’s win, 67
      • IDB loans to Chilean universities, 194, 196, 203, 215
      • Impossibility of parliamentary solution for avoiding Allende presidency, 108
      • Inevitability of Allende as President, 134
      • JCS representation at Ad Hoc Interagency Working Group on Chile, 183
      • Korry’s replacement as ambassador, 192, 204, 212, 223
      • Korry’s retention as Ambassador to Chile, 16
      • Kubisch’s Senate testimony, 352
      • Letter from Nixon to Frei, 14
      • Long-term perspectives on Chilean politics, 40
      • Meetings:
      • Memos from Haig, 119
      • Messages:
      • Miranda as go-between to Allende, 165
      • Nace’s visit to Chile, 226
      • Nationalization of property:
        • Expropriation of ITT assets, 299
        • Implications of U.S. confrontation over, 273
        • International support for opposition to seeking of, 277
        • Korry as negotiator in, 206, 208, 211
        • Legislation for, 194, 216
        • Special envoy on nationalization:
      • Negotiation of commitments with Allende, 159
      • NIE 9473, 336
      • NSDM 93, 176, 183, 281
      • NSSM 97, 46, 53, 130, 147, 150
      • On Latin Americans, 187
      • OPIC indemnification of ITT, 322
      • PDC’s eight-point list of assurances requested of Allende, 134
      • Pinochet junta:
        • Breaking of relations with Communist countries, 355
        • Swearing in of, 351
        • United States, relations with, 365
        • U.S. recognition of, 358, 359, 361
      • Political situation in Chile, 190
      • Preservation of CIA assets in Chile, 152
      • Rescheduling of Chilean debt:
      • Senate by-election (Apr. 1971), 198, 218
      • Souper coup, 334, 335
      • Soviet military bases in Chile, possible, 91, 195
      • SRG meetings:
      • Suspension of MAP training programs, 111, 140, 143
      • 303 Committee meetings, 7
      • Truckers’ strike, 310, 311
      • U.S. courses of action in Latin America, 170
      • U.S.-Cuban relations, 187, 358
      • Viaux coup attempts, 20, 152, 153
      • Visit to Paris (Sept. 1970), 122
      • Washington’s concern about Korry’s actions, 122
      • WSAG meetings, 350, 361
    • Knowles, Lt. Gen. Richard T.:
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile, 230, 295
      • 40 Committee meetings, 138, 179, 271
      • Legislation on nationalization of property, 202
      • Political situation in Chile, Meyer’s briefing on, 178
      • SRG meetings, 169, 206, 298
    • Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of:
      • Applications of U.S. laws relating to Chilean trade with, 183
      • Breaking of relations by Chilean junta, 349, 355
      • Trade agreement with Allende government, proposed, 187
      • U.S. promotion of delays in normalization of Chilean relations with, 150, 155
    • Korea, Republic of, 360
    • Korry, Edward M.:
      • Aid for anti-Allende PDC faction, 137, 230
      • Alessandri as interim president, 65, 68, 78, 86
      • Allende government, 145, 180, 200
      • Allende inauguration, 159
      • Allende-Valdes meetings, 123
      • Allende’s interests and objectives, 208
      • Anaconda Copper:
        • Acquiescence to Allende presidency by, 124, 125
        • Litigation outside Chile by, 265, 285
        • Miners’ strike, 120, 131, 132
        • Proposal for special envoy on nationalization by, 244, 245
        • Request for U.S. funding for Alessandri campaign, 32, 33
        • Wage proposals, 120
      • Anti-American charges in Chilean media, 163
      • As “lame duck” ambassador, 244, 248
      • As seen by Valdes, 219
      • Boeing aircraft loan request, 228, 231, 232
      • British loans to Chile, 124, 125, 164
      • British support for Allende, 65, 116, 117
      • Chileanization of copper companies, 9, 10, 11
      • Church subcommittee hearings, 322, 324
      • CIA press comments on Viaux coup attempt, 21
      • Confirmation of Chilean President:
        • Congratulatory message for, 164
        • Constraint from discussing politics with Chileans, 48, 50, 51
        • Situation in Chile prior to, 65, 66, 70
        • U.S. courses of action around:
          • Pessimism around, 68
          • Secrecy as need around, 74, 80
          • Washington’s uncertainty about Korry’s actions:
            • Communication failures between Korry and State Department, 117
            • Johnson-Kissinger conversation about, 122
            • Kissinger’s call for more supervision of Korry, 100
            • Lack of U.S. channels to Frei, 112
            • Meyer’s call for Korry to pull back, 109, 111
            • Vaky’s desire to “rein in” Korry, 76, 95, 98
      • Copper plot, 219, 222
      • Coup to prevent Allende’s presidency:
        • Analysis of options for, 78
        • Economic pressure for provoking of, 128
        • Plans by lower-ranking officers for, 126
        • Possibility of, 71
        • U.S. contacts with Chilean military on, 72, 118
        • U.S. corporate role in, 121
        • U.S. support of Frei and armed forces in case of, 112, 113, 140, 144
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
        • Continuation with Phase I, 44
        • Crimmins conversation on elections funding, 28
        • Disassociation from rightist forces, recommendation of, 144
        • Embassy as maintaining low profile around, 116, 117
        • Expansion of, 37, 38, 39
        • Fourth option, 50, 55
        • Opposition to, 42
        • Phase II, 44, 51, 58, 59
        • Presidential election, 1970, 28, 29, 335
        • Proposal for election program funding, 3
        • Secrecy as need around, 74, 80
        • Suspension of, 43
        • U.S. funding of El Mercurio, 255
      • Credit squeeze on Chile, 254
      • DAO contacts with Chilean military, 118
      • Dissenting views on NIE 94–69, 1
      • Economic situation in Chile, 1, 99, 137, 214
      • Election of Allende analyzed by, 62
      • Elections (Apr. 1971), 198, 219, 230
      • Elections (July 1971), 236
      • Emigration from Chile, 121
      • Enterprise visit to Chile, proposed, 209
      • Expected resignation of cabinet ministers, 102, 103, 105
      • 40 Committee clearing of instructions to, 109
      • 40 Committee meetings, 117, 149
      • Haig’s perspectives on, 119
      • Impossibility of parliamentary solution for avoiding Allende presidency, 108, 115
      • Inevitability of Allende as President, 134, 141
      • ITT’s activities in Chile, investigation of, 296
      • Kunakov Archives, 56, 59
      • Media attacks on, 59
      • Meetings:
      • Messages:
      • Miranda as go-between to Allende, 145, 165
      • Nace’s visit to Chile, 226
      • Nationalization of property:
      • Negotiation of commitments with Allende, 159
      • Nixon’s perspectives on, 296, 335
      • Peterson Commission report, 221
      • Political situation in Chile under Frei administration, 25, 26, 27
      • Replacement as Chilean ambassador of:
        • Allende’s discussion of, 225
        • Departure call on Allende, 265
        • Kissinger-Korry phone conversation on, 192
        • Korry’s resentment over, 212, 222, 223
        • Rogers’ letter to Korry, 248
        • Washington Post story on, 204
      • Retention as ambassador of, 16
      • Rosenstein-Rodan’s interactions with, 56, 75, 76, 132
      • Schneider’s assassination, 161
      • SRG meetings, 150, 158
      • Training programs under MAP, 65
      • UP as unstable coalition, 121
      • U.S. financial non-support of PDC during Allende presidency, 131
      • U.S. military aid to Chile:
      • Viaux’ public statements, 101, 102
      • Visit to Washington requested by, 134, 137, 139, 146
      • “Withholding” rather than “termination” of MAP deliveries, 133
    • Krauss, Enrique, 27
    • Krogh, Egil, 271
    • Kubisch, John B.:
      • Allende-Rogers meeting, 327, 331
      • Coup in Chile, 344, 354
      • Covert U.S. actions in Chile:
        • Congressional questioning on, 352, 362
        • Funding for FY 1974, 337, 342
        • Funding for private-sector organizations, 339, 343
        • Reexamination of value of funding opposition forces, 329
      • Secret Lima meetings on rescheduling of Chilean debt, 331
      • U.S. communication with junta leaders, 363
      • U.S. military aid to Chile, 365
      • WSAG meetings, 350, 361
    • Kunakov Archives, 56, 59
    • Labor issues. See Strikes, labor
    • Labor unions, U.S., 156
    • Lagos Matus, Gustavo D., 79
    • Laird, Melvin R.:
    • Lajara Burgos, Luis H., 23
    • LAN-Chile (airline), 228, 232, 238, 242
    • Land redistribution, 26
    • Lang, William E., 53
    • Lanusse, Gen. Alejandro Augustin, 83, 183, 262, 304
    • Latimer, Thomas, 293
    • Latin America:
      • Allende inauguration, 155, 164
      • Covert operations in, 7
      • Guerrilla activities in, 174, 181, 184
      • Military cooperation in, 170
      • Nationalism in, 262
      • Rockefeller’s presidential mission to, 4, 23, 24
      • Sensitivity to U.S. “big stick” of, 13
      • U.S. courses of action in, 170
      • U.S. investment guarantees in, 137, 194
      • U.