By the President of the United States of America.
Whereas a Convention between the United States of America and Ecuador, Paraguay, Bolivia, Colombia, Honduras, Panamá, Cuba, Peru, Salvador, Costa Rica, the United States of Mexico, Guatemala, Uruguay, the Argentine Republic, Nicaragua, the United States of Brazil, and Chile, establishing the status of naturalized citizens who again take up their residence in the country of their origin, was concluded and signed by their respective Plenipotentiaries at Rio de Janeiro on the thirteenth day of August, one thousand nine hundred and six, the original of which Convention, being in the Portuguese, Spanish, and English languages, is word for word as follows:
Their Excellencies, the Presidents of Ecuador, Paraguay, Bolivia, Colombia, Honduras, Panamá, Cuba, Peru, El Salvador, Costa Rica, the United States of Mexico, Guatemala, Uruguay, the Argentine Republic, Nicaragua, the United States of Brazil, the United States of America, and Chile; .
Desiring that their respective countries should be represented at the Third International American Conference, sent, thereto, duly authorized to approve the recommendations, resolutions, conventions and treaties that they might deem convenient for the interests of America, the following Delegates:
- Ecuador—Dr. Emilio Arévalo; Olmedo Alfaro;
- Paraguay—Manuel Gondra; Arsenio López Decoud; Gualberto Cardús y Huerta;
- Bolivia—Dr. Alberto Gutiérrez; Dr. Carlos V. Romero;
- Colombia—Rafael Uribe Uribe; Dr. Guillermo Valencia;
- Honduras—Fausto Dávila;
- Panamá—Dr. José Domingo de Obaldía;
- Cuba—Dr. Gonzalo de Quesada; Rafael Montoro; Dr. Antonio González Lanuza;
- Peru—Dr. Eugenio Larrabure y Unánue; Dr. Antonio Miró Quesada; Dr. Mariano Cornejo;
- El Salvador—Dr. Francisco A. Reyes;
- Costa Rica—Dr. Ascención Esquivel;
- United States of Mexico—Dr. Francisco León de La Barra; Ricardo Molina-Hübbe; Ricardo García Granados;
- Guatemala—Dr. Antonio Batres Jáuregui;
- Uruguay—Luís Melian Lafmur; Dr. Antonio María Rodríguez; Dr. Gonzalo Ramírez;
- Argentine Republic—Dr. J. V. González; Dr. Jose A. Terry; Dr. Eduardo L. Bidau
- Nicaragua—Luís F. Corea;
- United States of Brazil—Dr. Joaquim Aurelio Nabuco de Araujo; Dr. Joaquim Francisco de Assis Brasil; Dr. Gastão da Cunha; Dr. Alfredo de Moraes Gomes Ferreira; Dr. João Pandiá Calogeras; Dr. Amaro Cavalcanti; Dr. Joaquim Xavier da Silveira; Dr. José P. da Graça Aranha; Antonio da Fontoura Xavier;
- United States of America—William I. Buchanan; Dr. L. S. Rowe; A. J. Montague; Tulio Larrinaga; Dr. Paul S. Reinsch; Van Leer Polk;
- Chile—Dr. Anselmo Hevia Riquelme; Joaquín Walker Martínez; Dr. Luís Antonio Vergara; Dr. Adolfo Guerrero;
Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers and found them to be in due and proper form, have agreed, to celebrate a Convention establishing the status of naturalized citizens who again take up their residence in the country, of their origin, in the following terms:
- Art. I. If a citizen, a native of any of the countries signing the present Convention, and naturalized in another, shall again take up his residence in his native country without the intention of returning to the country in which he has been naturalized, he will be considered as having reassumed his original citizenship, and as having renounced the citizenship acquired by the said naturalization.
- Art. II. The intention not to return will be presumed to exist when the naturalized person shall have resided in his native country for more than two years. But this presumption may be destroyed by evidence to the contrary.
- Art. III. This Convention will become effective in the countries that ratify it, three months from the dates upon which said ratifications shall be communicated to the Government of the United States of Brazil; and if it should be denounced by any one of them, it shall continue in effect for one year more, to count from the date of such denouncement.
- Art. IV. The denouncement of this Convention by any one of the signatory States shall be made to the Government of the United States of Brazil and shall take effect only with regard to the country that may make it.
In testimony whereof the Plenipotentiaries and Delegates have signed the present Convention, and affixed the Seal of the Third International American Conference.
Made in the city of Rio de Janeiro the thirteenth of August nineteen hundred and six, in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, and deposited with the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the United States of Brazil, in order that certified copies thereof be made, and sent through diplomatic channels to the signatory States.
For Ecuador—Emilio Arévalo, Olmeclo Alfaro.
For Paraguay—Manoel Gondra, Arsenio López Decoud, Gualberto Cardús y Huerta.
For Bolivia—Alberto Gutiérrez, Carlos V. Romero.
For Colombia—Rafael Uribe Uribe, Guillermo Valencia.
For Honduras—Fausto Dávila.
For Panamá—José Domingo de Obaldía.
For Cuba—Gonzalo de Quesada, Rafael Montoro, Antonio González Lanuza.
For Peru—Eugenio Larrabure y Unánue, Antonio Miró Quesada, Mariano Cornejo.
For El’ Salvador—Francisco A. Reyes.
For Costa Rica—Ascención Esquivel.
For the United States of Mexico—Francisco León de La Barra, Ricardo Molina-Hübbe, Ricardo García Granados.
For Guatemala—Antonio Batres Jáuregui.
For Uruguay—Luís Melian Lafinur, Antonio María Rodríguez, Gonzalo Ramírez.
For the Argentine Republic—J. V. González, José A. Terry, Eduardo L. Bidau.
For Nicaragua—Luís F. Corea.,
For the United States of Brazil—Joaquim Aurelio Nabuco de Araujo, Joaquim Francisco de Assis Brasil, Gastão da Cunha, Alfredo de Moraes Gomes Ferreira, João Pandiá Calogeras, Amaro Cavalcanti, Joaquim Xavier da Silveira, José P. da Graça Aranha, Antonio da Fontoura Xavier.
For the United States of America—William I. Buchanan, L. S. Rowe, A. J. Montague, Tulio Larrinaga, Paul S. Reinsch, Van Leer Polk.
For Chile—Anselmo Hevia Riquelme, Joaquín Walker Martínez, Luís Antonio Vergara, Adolfo Guerrero.
I hereby certify that the above and foregoing is a true copy of a convention adopted by the Third International Conference of the American States held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 23rd to August 27th, 1906.
Done at Washington, D. C., February 7, A. D. 1907.
President of the Third International Conference of the American States.
And whereas the said Convention has been duly ratified by the United States of America, (by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof) and by the Governments of Colombia, Chile, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, the United States of [Page 1355] Mexico, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, Salvador, and the Argentine Republic;
Now, therefore, be it known that I, William Howard Taft, President of the United States of America, have caused the said Convention to be made public, to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
By the President:
P. C. Knox,
Secretary of State.