Learn about the beta

Soviet Union, October 1986–January 1989


1. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Reagan Library, Linhard Files, Defense Programs and Arms Control Directorate, NSC, Reykjavik Records—10/19/1986 (5). For Official Use Only. No drafting information was found. Memoranda of conversations from Reagan’s meetings with Gorbachev in Reykjavik are scheduled for publication in Foreign Relations, 1981–1988, vol. V, Soviet Union, March 1985–October 1986.


3. Minutes of a National Security Planning Group Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Executive Secretariat, NSC National Security Planning Group (NSPG) Records, NSPG 0139 10/27/1986 [Arms Control] (1). Secret. Brackets are in the original. The meeting took place in the White House Situation Room. Prepared by Linton Brooks.


4. Telegram From the Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Ambassador Nitze Files 1953, 1972–1989, Lot 90D397, Background Book for Vienna Meeting. Secret; Immediate; Nodis; Adam. Special Encryption. Poindexter initialed the top right-hand corner of the telegram.


5. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Poindexter) to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Reagan Library, Linhard Files, Shultz-Shevardnadze, Vienna, 11/05/1986–11/06/1986 (3). Secret. Poindexter crossed out Shultz’s full name in the addressee line, handwrote “George,” and sent the memorandum to Reagan under cover of a handwritten memorandum on November 4. Reagan initialed the top right-hand corner of the memorandum to Shultz.


6. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Executive Secretariat, S/S Records, Memorandum of Conversations Pertaining to United States and USSR Relations, 1981–1990, Lot 93D188, ShultzShevardnadze Vienna, 11/87. Secret; Sensitive. Prepared by Simons. The meeting took place at the U.S. Embassy. Shultz was in Vienna November 4–6 to attend a CSCE Review meeting.


7. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Executive Secretariat, S/S Records, Memoranda of Conversations Pertaining to United States and USSR Relations, 1981–1990, Lot 93D188, ShultzShevardnadze Vienna, 11/87. Secret. The meeting took place at the Soviet Embassy. No drafting information appears on the memorandum.


8. Memorandum From Secretary of State Shultz to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Matlock Files, Chronological File, Matlock Chron, December 1986 (1/4). Secret; Sensitive. Prepared by Matlock. Keel sent the memorandum to the President under an undated covering memorandum, in which he wrote: “Most of what George says is eminently sound and I think it is desirable to continue the activity he has outlined in the various non-arms control elements of our agenda.”


10. Paper Prepared in the National Security Council

Source: Reagan Library, Keel Files, Subject Files, [President/NSC Chron] 12/25/1986–01/01/1987. Top Secret; Sensitive. No drafting information appears on the paper. Acting President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs Keel sent the paper to Reagan the same day under cover of a handwritten memorandum: “Attached is a brief summary report indicating that a Marine security guard at the U.S. embassy in Moscow has confessed to espionage. This has not been made public yet, but may leak as we brief House and Senate intelligence committee’s today.” Reagan initialed the top right-hand corner of the paper. On January 10, 1987, the Associated Press reported that Sgt. Clayton Lonetree had been taken into custody on December 31, 1986. (“Marine Who Served in Moscow Embassy Held in Spy Inquiry,” New York Times, January 11, 1987, p. A15)


11. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Carlucci) to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, Chronology—Official (12/31/1986–01/25/1987). Top Secret; Sensitive. Copied to Regan.


12. Telegram From the Department of State to the Secretary’s Delegation

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, N870001–0195. Secret; Immediate; Nodis. Sent for information to Moscow. Drafted by Parris; cleared by Platt in S/S and Tracy in S/S-O; approved by Ridgway. Shultz traveled to several African nations including Monrovia to meet with President Doe on January 14.


13. Memorandum From Vice President Bush to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Carlucci)

Source: Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, The Vice President. No classification marking. A note on the memorandum indicates that it was “self-typed.” Bush sent the copy to Carlucci under a January 19 typed note, in which he stated, “This is a call for a special channel obviously stimulated by Dobrynin.” (Ibid.)


15. Telegram From the Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Department of State

Source: Reagan Library, Ermarth Files, Arms Control. Secret; Priority; Nodis.


16. Memorandum From Secretary of State Shultz to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Ermarth Files, Chron Files, January–February 1987 (1). Secret; Sensitive. Drafted by Parris and cleared by Simons and Thomas. Carlucci sent a copy of the memorandum to Reagan under a January 29 covering memorandum. Reagan initialed that memorandum, and a stamped notation indicates he saw it that day. (Reagan Library, Ermarth Files, Arms Control)


17. Telegram From the Delegation to the Nuclear and Space Talks to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, C. Max Kampelman Files, Lot 89D56, Mink. Secret; Immediate; Special Encryption; Nodis; Mink. Drafted and approved by Kampelman. Additional correspondence related to Kampelman’s negotiations with Vorontsov are ibid.


18. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Carlucci) to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Ermarth Files, Chron Files January–February 1987 (4). Secret. Sent for information. Copied to Bush. Reagan initialed the top right-hand corner of the memorandum.


19. Notes of a Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, The President (02/12/87–04/28/1987). No classification marking. Presumably drafted by Carlucci. The meeting took place in the Oval Office at the White House from 1:15 to 2:02 p.m. (Reagan Library, President’s Daily Diary) Kirkpatrick reported on her recent trip to Moscow as part of a Council on Foreign Relations delegation that included herself, former Secretaries of State Kissinger and Vance, former Secretary of Defense Harold Brown, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General David Jones, and former Senator Charles Mathias Jr. “G” refers to Gorbachev; “P” refers to Reagan; “H.K.” refers to Kissinger; “R” refers to the 1986 Reykjavik Summit; and “J.K.” refers to Kirkpatrick.


20. Memorandum to the File

Source: Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, The President (02/12/1987–04/28/1987). No classification marking. Drafted by Carlucci. The meeting took place in the Oval Office from 3 until 3:03 p.m. (Reagan Library, President’s Daily Dairy)


21. Notes of a Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, Secretary Shultz (01/21/87–03/12/87). No classification marking. Presumably drafted by Carlucci. The meeting took place in the Oval Office at the White House and lasted from 1:32 to 2:06 p.m. (Reagan Library, President’s Daily Diary)


23. Paper Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, The President (02/12/1987–04/28/1987). Secret. No drafting information appears on the paper. Reagan initialed the top-right corner of the document. Acting Director of Central Intelligence Gates sent the paper to Shultz, Weinberger, and Carlucci on March 13 under a covering memorandum. Carlucci sent the package to Reagan, who commented in the upper right-hand corner: “So let’s take advantage of this eagerness to put something over on us. RR.” On March 16, Carlucci sent the paper to Bush, Shultz, Weinberger, Casey, and Howard Baker under cover of a memorandum that conveyed Reagan’s response. (Ibid.)


24. Minutes of a Policy Review Group Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Ermarth Files, Chron Files January-February 1987 (9). Secret. The meeting took place in the White House Situation Room. Although no drafting information appears on the minutes, Ermarth sent a draft to Powell under a March 19 covering memorandum, recommending that Powell approve the minutes “for records purposes.” Powell initialed his approval. (Ibid.)


25. Notes of a Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, Secretary Shultz (03/13/87–04/15/87). No classification marking. Presumably drafted by Carlucci. The meeting took place in the White House Oval Office from 1:33 to 2:05 p.m. (Reagan Library, President’s Daily Diary) An unknown hand wrote in the upper right-hand corner: “EXCERPTS SENT TO APPROP STAFF MEMBERS 3/19.”


26. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Armacost) to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Reagan Library, Shultz Papers, 1987 March 20 Mtg. w/the PRES. Secret; Sensitive. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates that Shultz saw it. Talking points for Shultz’s meeting with Reagan, based on Armacost’s trip, are ibid. The same day, Shultz met with the President, Carlucci, and Baker in the Oval Office. (Reagan Library, President’s Daily Diary, March 20, 1987) According to Carlucci’s meeting notes, which mistakenly identify the date as March 21, Shultz reported on Armacost’s trip: “sense we have is that things in motion on Afghanistan. [The Soviets] don’t want us to be the agents for getting this done. . . . [Soviet] papers saying their withdrawal will be defeat for US (U.S. wants them there to be bloodied).” (Reagan Library, Carlucci Files, Secretary Shultz (03/13/87–04/15/87)


27. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the Department of State (Levitsky) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Carlucci)

Source: Reagan Library, 1987 SYS 4 RWR INT 40151–40200. Secret; Sensitive.


28. Memorandum From Barry Kelly of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Carlucci)

Source: Reagan Library, 1987 SYS 4 RWR INT 40151–40200. Top Secret. Prepared by Major. Powell wrote in the upper right-hand margin of the memorandum: “Pres. & VP have seen. CP 25/3”


29. Information Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (Schifter) to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Reagan Library, Shultz Papers, 1987 Mar. Apr. U.S.-Soviet Mtg w/ Gorbachev. Limited Official Use. Drafted by Schifter. Copies were sent to Ridgway, Solomon, Abramowitz, Derwinski, Kampelman, and Adelman. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Shultz saw it.


30. Memorandum From Fritz Ermarth of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Carlucci)

Source: Reagan Library, Ermarth Files, Secretary Shultz’s Moscow Trip April 1987 Pre-Trip Background Material (3). Secret; Sensitive. Sent for action.