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Protection of American citizens and interests; withdrawal of Americans from Mexico 66

66. Continued from For. Rel. 1914, pp. 668690. See also, post, Murder of John B. McManus.

Note.—In the absence of diplomatic relations between the two countries, the Government of the United States continued the practice observed in 1914 of instructing its consuls and special representatives, where action in behalf of American citizens was necessary, to make representations to the civil or the military chief in control in his district. Such action was taken in hundreds of cases, many of which involved the protection not only of citizens of the United States but also other foreigners. In the majority of the cases the representations were requests for the cessation of the abuses stated or for protection against threatened danger, eliciting only routine replies. The case of the Los Mochis colony of Americans, however, involves more than perfunctory responses, and extracts from that voluminous correspondence are here given; and the case of John B. McManus appears under another heading. In the cases involving protection of foreigners other than Americans, above mentioned, none but routine relations with their respective governments appear to have existed, except as shown under the heading, “Protection by the United States of British [etc.] interests in Mexico.”

Where the danger of remaining was considered unavoidable, this Government repeated its advice of previous years, to leave Mexico. Instances of such advice are the following telegrams: to the American Embassy, March 2, 1912 (For. Rel. 1912, p. 731); to the American Consul General, Mexico City, August 27, 1913 (For. Rel. 1913, p. 827); to American consular officers in Mexico, August 27, 1913 (Id. 895); to all American consulates in Mexico, April 20, 1914 (For. Rel. 1914, p. 670); to all American consuls in Mexico, April 22, 1914 (Id. 671). Repetition of this advice during 1915 occurs, infra, under the dates September 11 and October 9.


[1159] The Secretary of State to certain American Consuls.

File No. 312.11/6615a–d


[1160] The Secretary of State to certain American Consuls

File No. 312.11/6801a.


[1161] The Secretary of State to Mr. Parker, representing American interests.

File No. 312.11/6801b


[1162] The Secretary of State to Consul Edwards.

File No. 312.11/6801c.


[1163] The Secretary of State to Consul Letcher.

File No. 312.11/6801d.


[1164] Acting Consular Agent McPherson to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6914.


[1165] Admiral Winslow to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6920.


[1166] [Untitled]

File No. 312.11/6919.


[1167] The Secretary of the Navy to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6919.


[1168] The Secretary of State to Special Agent Silliman.

File No. 312.11/6914.


[1169] The Secretary of State to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6919.


[1170] Admiral Winslow to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6942.


[1171] Admiral Winslow to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6943.


[1172] Admiral Winslow to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6947.


[1173] Consul Alger to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/7062.


[1174] Special Agent Silliman to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6944.


[1175] The Secretary of State to Special Agent Silliman.

File No. 312.11/6943.


[1176] The Secretary of State to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6951.


[1177] Special Agent Belt to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6946.


[1178] Admiral Winslow to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6953.


[1179] The Secretary of the Navy to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6950.


[1180] Admiral Winslow to the Secretary of the Navy.

File No. 312.11/6952.


[1181] The Secretary of the Navy to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6970.


[1182] Acting Consular Agent McPherson to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6958.


[1183] The Secretary of State to Consul Simpich.

File No. 312.11/6951.


[1184] The Secretary of State to Special Agent Silliman.

File No. 312.11/6946.


[1185] Consul Garrett to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6957.


[1186] The Secretary of State to Consul Garrett.

File No. 312.11/6957.


[1187] Consul Simpich to the Secretary of State.

File No. 312.11/6960.


[1188] The Secretary of the State to Consul Garrett.

File No. 312.11/6969.