[Page 1161]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Aaron, David L.:
      • Brown China visit, 267, 280
      • Bush China visit (1977), 62
      • Carter–Huang Hua meeting cancellation, 60, 61
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 202, 204, 208
      • Human rights issues, 145
      • Middle East, 70
      • Mondale China visit, 250, 264, 265, 266, 269
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 305, 306
      • PRM 24 policy options, 34
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 216, 217, 218, 219, 221
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 80
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 94
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 59, 84, 104, 174, 194, 308
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 164
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 267
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 287
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 190, 225, 228, 237, 287
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 195
    • Abramowitz, Morton I., 34, 35, 71, 78, 92, 94, 108, 109
    • Adams, Brock, 209, 238
    • Afghanistan (See also Soviet war in Afghanistan):
    • Africa (see also Soviet policy in Africa):
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 204
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 117, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25
    • Agriculture, U.S. Department of, 164, 229
    • Albright, Madeleine, 174, 189, 213
    • Algeria, 203
    • Allen, Gen. Lew, 214
    • Allen, Richard V., 316
    • American Institute in Taiwan, 213, 218
    • Anderson, Donald M., 129, 182, 187
    • Andreas, Dwayne, 249
    • Andrus, Cecil D., 150, 263
    • Angola, 21, 25, 49, 108, 204
    • Armacost, Michael A.:
      • Brown China visit, 280, 290, 291, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit, 91, 108, 109
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng meetings, 313
      • Carter–Huang Hua meeting cancellation, 60
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 217, 221
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 55, 132
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 84, 92, 94
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 3, 26, 55, 174
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 233
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 301
    • Arms control (see also Nuclear weapons; Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks):
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 291, 295
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 9
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
    • ASEAN, 138, 313
    • Asia. See U.S. policy in Asia.
    • Asia Society, 43
    • Assets issue. See Private claims/blocked assets.
    • Atkinson, Richard C., 144, 150
    • Atwood, J., 189
    • AuCoin, Les, 189
    • Averech, Harvey, 164
    • Baker, Howard H., Jr., 94
    • Bakhtiar, Shapour, 201
    • Barnett, Patricia, 231
    • Barraclough, William G., 244
    • Barre, Mohamed Siad, 96
    • Bartholomew, Reginald, 193, 301
    • Baruch, Jordan, 164
    • Battenfield, Patricia, 109
    • Battle Act (1951), 67
    • Bayh, Birch, 53
    • Beckel, Bob, 174
    • Begin, Menachem, 68, 108, 163, 204
    • Belgrade Conference (1978), 21, 25
    • Bell, Peter, 164
    • Ben-Gurion, David, 70
    • Beng Zhen (Peng Chen), 153
    • Bennett, Douglas, 174, 189
    • Benson, Lucy, 164
    • Bentsen, Lloyd, 91
    • Bergland, Robert S.:
      • Cabinet officials China visit proposals, 136
      • China visit, 156
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 209
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 144, 150, 156, 263
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 189, 228, 238
    • Bergold, Harry E., Jr., 189
    • Bergsten, C. Fred, 34, 305
    • Bertrand, Anson, 164
    • Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali, 110, 199, 201, 202, 203, 265
    • Blum, Barbara, 164
    • Blumenthal, W. Michael:
      • China visit (1979), 177, 219, 223, 224, 225, 234
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 208, 209
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 222, 225
      • PRM 24 policy options, 24, 32, 34
      • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee, 177, 198
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 38
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 18, 232
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 15
        • Kang Shien U.S. visit, 247
        • Most Favored Nation status, 225, 256
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190, 228, 229, 238
      • U.S.-Soviet trade relations, 256
      • U.S.-Taiwan trade relations, 38
    • Boccardi, Louis D., 62
    • Boumediene, Houari, 203, 209
    • Bowie, Robert R.:
      • PRM 24 policy options, 34
      • Sino-Soviet relations, 193
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 218, 219, 221
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 39
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 164
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 228
    • Bo Yibo, 319, 324
    • Brademas, John, 25, 27, 51, 131
    • Brement, Marshall, 311
    • Brezhnev, Leonid, 214, 219, 251
    • Bronheim, David, 305
    • Brooke, Edward William, III, 92
    • Brooks, D.W., 249
    • Brown, David G., 57
    • Brown, Gen. George S., 9, 24, 32, 34
    • Brown, Harold (see also Brown China visit):
      • Arms control, 6, 9, 286, 291, 295
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 197
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Korea, 94
      • National Security Industrial Association speech (Sept. 15, 1977), 108
      • Ogaden War, 83
      • PRC NATO briefing proposals, 59
      • PRM 24 policy options, 24, 32, 34
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 219, 220, 221
      • U.S. military aid to PRC, 325, 326
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 35, 147, 148, 179
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 6, 34, 35, 103, 132, 179
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 92, 94, 99
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 6, 9, 83
        • Carter high-level meetings, 123
        • High-level meeting discussions, 41, 94
        • Implementation, 179
        • JCS memoranda, 154
        • McGiffert memoranda, 90
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
        • Woodcock discussions, 35
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 150, 164, 263
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 233, 310
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 99, 283 [Page 1163]
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 99, 287
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle, 6, 83, 233, 271, 283
        • High-level meeting discussions, 94
        • National security policy and, 9
        • NATO and, 71
        • Pillsbury study, 284
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
        • Woodcock discussions, 35
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 9
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 304
    • Brown, Robert, 228
    • Brown China visit:
      • Brown–Deng Xiaoping meetings, 292
      • Brown–Geng Biao meetings, 290, 291
      • Brown–Hua Guofeng meetings, 294
      • Brown–Zhang Aiping meetings, 293
      • Debriefing, 295
      • Planning:
        • Aaron/Oksenberg memoranda, 267
        • Brown memoranda, 268, 271, 283, 286
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 273, 288, 289
        • Carter memoranda, 274
        • Marshall memoranda, 284
        • Mondale memoranda, 254
        • NSC discussions, 287
        • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 280
        • Vance memoranda, 272, 282
    • Brownell, Herbert, Jr., 124
    • Brzezinski, Emilie Benes (Muska), 201
    • Brzezinski, Zbigniew K. (see also Brzezinski China visit):
      • Afghanistan, 101, 109, 110
      • Blumenthal China visit (1979), 223
      • Bush China visit (1977), 62
      • Bush China visit (1980), 316, 317
      • Cabinet officials China visit proposals, 136
      • Cambodia, 96, 107
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 96, 109, 111, 197
      • Carter–Chai Zemin meetings, 135, 241
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng meetings, 313
      • Carter–Huang Hua meeting cancellation, 58, 59, 60, 61
      • Carter–Huang Zhen meetings, 5
      • Chai Zemin meetings, 129, 163, 242, 299
      • China visit discussions, 109
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 192, 196, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 208
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Han Xu meetings, 122
      • Human rights issues, 31, 33, 109, 145, 279
      • Iran, 163, 292
      • Korea, 95, 199
        • Chai Zemin discussions, 242
        • China visit discussions, 108, 109, 111, 112, 113
        • High-level meeting discussions, 94
        • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84, 246
      • Mondale China visit, 250, 269
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records, 16, 20, 28, 98
      • Pakistan, 109, 110, 112, 313
      • Platt/Holbrooke China visit, 252
      • PRC foreign policy, 30, 130
      • PRC peaceful intent assurances, 1, 31, 111, 112, 113, 118, 318
      • PRC political situation, 128, 153, 158
      • Presidential Review Memoranda, 24
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 29, 222
      • PRM 24 policy options, 24, 34
      • Sino-Soviet relations, 3, 143, 193
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 199, 214, 215, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221
      • Soviet foreign policy, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 118, 251
      • Soviet Union visit proposals, 273
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 12, 22, 23
      • Taiwan Relations Act, 213, 235, 318
      • Taiwan status issue, 24, 31, 109, 111
      • Thornton memorandum, 63
      • U.S. economic aid to PRC, 243
      • U.S. military aid to PRC, 289, 326
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 31, 95, 147, 148, 172, 181
        • China visit discussions, 111, 112, 113, 118
        • Han Xu discussions, 122
        • High-level meeting discussions, 94, 175
        • State–Defense memoranda, 78, 80
        • Sullivan memoranda, 328
        • Woodcock memoranda, 169
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 1, 24, 31, 72, 74, 76, 103, 181
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 84, 92, 94, 108, 143, 309
      • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 31, 122, 146, 254
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 94, 95, 98
        • Armacost memoranda, 55
        • Brown memoranda, 6
        • Carter high-level meetings, 123
        • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 35, 141
        • Chai Zemin discussions, 163
        • China visit discussions, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 116, 118
        • Han Xu discussions, 122
        • High-level meeting discussions, 41, 42, 94
        • Implementation, 171, 173, 175, 179, 186, 308
        • Intelligence Memoranda, 39
        • Joint communiqué, 46, 142, 159, 186
        • Moe memoranda, 104
        • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, 38
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 3, 36, 46, 59, 81, 85, 186
        • Taiwan Lobby and, 40
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
        • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
        • Vance memoranda, 26
        • Woodcock discussions, 77
        • Woodcock talks, 120, 127, 135, 149, 159, 162, 166, 167, 168, 170
      • U.S.–PRC relations overviews, 131, 259, 322, 327
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 31, 105, 146, 150, 165, 211, 260, 263
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 31, 251
        • Brown China visit, 268, 273, 274, 282, 287, 288, 289, 295
        • Brown memoranda, 233
        • China visit discussions, 109
        • Geng Biao U.S. visit discussions, 310
        • Mondale China visit discussions, 267
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 31, 95, 99, 251, 253, 289, 315, 320
        • High-level meeting discussions, 94
        • Holbrooke memoranda, 301
        • NSC discussions, 287
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 128
        • PRM 24 on, 67
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 15, 17, 19, 99, 134, 302
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 18, 232
        • Export-Import Bank credits, 298, 307
        • Export licenses, 232, 237, 269
        • Grain agreement, 321, 322
        • Most Favored Nation status, 31, 256, 264
        • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 139
        • NSC discussions, 287
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 229, 238
        • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee, 198
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense termination, 181
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle, 9, 28, 31, 42, 143, 196, 200, 251, 253, 273, 277
        • Carter discussions, 77
        • China visit discussions, 109, 110, 112, 118
        • High-level meeting discussions, 94
        • National security policy and, 9
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
        • Woodcock discussions, 77
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 256, 311
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 31, 77, 109, 118, 171, 173, 181
      • Vance China visit (1977), 31, 34, 43, 52
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 116
      • Vance Soviet Union visit (1978), 96
      • Vietnam relations normalization, 112, 113, 126, 143, 155
      • Woodcock meetings, 77
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 303
    • Brzezinski China visit (1978):
      • Brzezinski–Deng Xiaoping meetings, 110, 113
      • Brzezinski–Hua Guofeng meetings, 111
      • Brzezinski–Huang Hua meetings, 108, 109
      • Debriefing:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 113
        • Gleysteen memoranda, 118
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 112, 131
        • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 114, 115
        • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 116, 117
      • Human rights issues and, 107
      • Planning:
        • Brown memoranda, 83
        • Brzezinski–Han Xu meetings, 87, 89, 96, 105
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 79, 97
        • Carter memoranda, 86
        • Henze memoranda, 101
        • Mondale–Huang Zhen discussions, 66
        • National Security Council scope paper, 106
        • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
        • Oksenberg–Han Xu meetings, 91
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 81, 88
        • Sinologist advice, 100
        • Soviet Union notification, 97
        • State/NSC memoranda, 92
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
    • Bucy, Fred, 249
    • Bureau of Intelligence and Research reports:
      • No. 908, “China Steps Up Its Birth Control Program,” 73
      • No. 1148, “The Consequences of the Chinese Attack on Vietnam,” 231
    • Bush, George H. W.:
    • Butterfield, Fox, 279
    • Byrd, Robert C., 94, 142, 264, 313
    • Califano, Joseph A., Jr., 150, 209, 263
    • Callaghan, James, 219
    • Cambodia (see also Cambodian-Vietnamese war; Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia):
    • Cambodian-Vietnamese war (see also Sino-Vietnamese war):
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 111
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 96
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 205, 206, 207
      • East-West Planning Group discussions, 193
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit discussions, 310
      • Intelligence Assessments, 125
      • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, 152
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • SCC discussions, 221
      • State Department discussions, 197
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • Cannon, John F., 47
    • Cao Guisheng (Tsao Kuei-sheng):
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin meetings, 163
      • Brzezinski China visit, 87, 89, 91, 96, 105
      • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 187
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 122, 176
    • Carlucci, Frank, 174, 287
    • Carswell, Robert, 66
    • Carter, Hodding, III, 214, 217, 218
    • Carter, James Earl (Chip), III, 25, 27, 131
    • Carter, Jimmy:
      • Arms control, 5
      • Brezhnev correspondence, 214, 219
      • Brezhnev meetings, 251
      • Brown China visit, 274, 283, 286, 287, 288, 295
      • Brzezinski China visit, 77, 79, 86, 97, 110, 113
      • Bush China visit (1980), 316, 317
      • Cabinet meetings, 245
      • Cabinet officials China visit proposals, 136
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 197, 205, 206, 207
      • Chai Zemin meetings, 135, 241
      • China visit proposals, 210, 241, 266, 294
      • Deng Xiaoping correspondence, 212, 216
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit:
      • Fukuda U.S. visit, 21
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Hua Guofeng correspondence, 185, 227, 262
      • Hua Guofeng meetings, 313
      • Huang Hua meeting cancellation, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63
      • Huang Zhen meetings, 3, 5
      • Iran, 292, 313
      • Korea, 95, 178
      • Mondale China visit, 254, 262, 264
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records, 5, 16, 20, 28
      • Notre Dame speech (May 22, 1977), 131
      • Ogaden War, 83
      • PRC foreign policy, 30, 130, 297
      • PRC peaceful intent assurances, 1, 135, 178, 318
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 5, 29, 225, 241
      • Sino-Vietnamese war:
        • Blumenthal discussions, 225
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 220
        • Chai Zemin discussions, 241
        • Deng Xiaoping correspondence, 212, 216
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 205, 206, 207
        • Hua Kuo-feng correspondence, 227
        • NSC discussions, 214
      • Soviet foreign policy, 5, 178, 251, 253, 313
      • Soviet war in Afghanistan, 296, 311, 313
      • Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks, 178, 241
      • Taiwanese independence issue, 37
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 23
      • Taiwan status issue, 5, 24, 26, 31
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 41, 95, 135, 141, 147, 175, 178, 285
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 1
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 94, 143, 178, 309
      • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 146
      • U.S.–PRC relations:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
        • Overviews, 300, 322
        • PRM 24 policy options, 24, 34
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 43
        • Brown memoranda, 6
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 94, 95, 98
        • Chai Zemin discussions, 135
        • High-level meeting discussions, 41, 42
        • High-level meetings, 123
        • Implementation:
          • Agreements (Sept. 1980), 319
          • High-level meeting discussions, 175
          • Hua Guofeng correspondence, 185
          • Nixon correspondence, 178
          • Nixon–Oksenberg discussions, 175
          • Speech (Dec. 15, 1978), 171
          • Vance memoranda, 199
        • JCS memoranda, 154
        • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, 38
        • Taiwan Lobby and, 40
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
        • Vance memoranda, 26, 119
        • Woodcock discussions, 35, 77, 141
        • Woodcock talks, 167, 168
          • Brzezinski memoranda, 120, 127, 142, 162
          • Oksenberg memoranda, 135
          • Vance memoranda, 119
          • Woodcock memoranda, 159
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation:
        • Bergland China visit, 156
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 260
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 165
        • Press/Brzezinski memoranda, 211
        • Press memoranda, 75, 144, 257, 260
        • Schlesinger China visit, 157
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 251, 271, 272, 273, 274, 282, 310
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 24, 64, 95, 253, 287, 320
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations:
        • Blumenthal China visit, 224, 225
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 19, 198
        • Chai Zemin discussions, 241
        • Export-Import Bank credits, 307
        • Grain agreement, 321, 322
        • IMF/World Bank participation, 306
        • NSC discussions, 287
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
        • Strauss China visit, 249
        • Trade agreement, 278
        • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee, 198, 319, 324
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle:
        • Brown memoranda, 271, 283
        • Brzezinski discussions, 77
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 28, 31, 42, 196, 200, 253, 273, 277
        • National security policy and, 9
        • Vance memoranda, 272
        • Watson discussions, 311
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 201, 251, 256, 311
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 135, 188, 213, 235, 241
      • Vance China visit (1977), 31, 42, 43, 52
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 116
      • Vietnam relations normalization, 126
      • Wake Forest speech (Mar. 17, 1978), 87, 96, 97, 108
      • Woodcock meetings, 77
    • Carter, William H., III, 47
    • Case, Clifford P., Jr., 94
    • Ceausescu, Nicolae, 111
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (see also Intelligence Memoranda):
      • Office of Economic Research reports, ER–77–10049, “China: Economic Situation Facing the New Leadership,” 4
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 226
    • Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 101, 202
    • Chad, 48, 138
    • Chai Chengwen, 290, 291, 292, 294, 310
    • Ch’ai Tse-min. See Chai Zemin.
    • Chai Zemin (Ch’ai Tse-min):
    • Chang, Vivian, 313
    • Chang Wen-chin. See Zhang Wenjin.
    • Chao Chi-hua. See Zhao Jihua.
    • Chen Dehe, 247
    • Chen Hsi-lien, 153
    • Chen Hui, 209, 264, 266
    • Chen Lai, 310
    • Chen, Nancy, 133
    • Chen, Richard, 209, 247
    • Chen Zhu (Chen Chu), 62, 117, 138, 278
    • Chiang Ching-kuo. See Jiang Jingguo.
    • Chiang Kai-shek. See Jiang Jieshi.
    • Chiang Kai-shek, Madame. See Jiang Jieshi, Madame.
    • Chiang Yang-shih. See Jang Yanshi.
    • Chi Chaochu (Chi Ch’ao-chu), 264, 266
    • Chien Chi-chen. See Jian Jizhen.
    • Chien Fu (Frederick). See Jian Fu.
    • China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, 51
    • Chinese Academy of Medicine, 144
    • Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs (CPIFA), 35, 53
    • Chou En-lai. See Zhou Enlai
    • Chou Pei-yuan. See Zhou Beiyuan.
    • Christopher, Warren M.:
      • Cabinet meetings, 245
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 213
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • Muskie–Chai Zemin meetings, 323
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 217, 218, 219, 221
      • Taiwan mission, 179, 181, 183
      • Taiwan Relations Act, 235
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 175, 183
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 74, 183
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 174, 175
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 287
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 238, 287
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense termination, 180, 181, 183
      • Vance China visit (1977), 52
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 304
    • Chu Chi-chen. See Zhu Qizhen.
    • Chun Hui, 313
    • Church, Frank F., 225, 230, 241
    • Claims issue. See Private claims/blocked assets.
    • Clarke, Bruce C., 280
    • Clarke, William, 133
    • Claytor, W. Graham, Jr., 287, 295, 320
    • Cleland, Max, 245
    • Clift, A. Denis, 66, 174, 221, 262, 264, 265, 266, 310
    • Cline, Ray S., 114
    • Cochrane, James, 237, 243
    • COCOM. See U.S.–PRC technology transfer.
    • Cohen, William S., 191
    • Colm, Peter W., 231
    • Commerce, U.S. Department of, 144, 229, 237
    • Comprehensive test ban (CTB) (see also Arms control), 21, 25, 47, 68
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), 21, 25
    • Congress, U.S. (see also Taiwan Relations Act):
      • China delegation visits:
        • Brademas/Schweiker delegation, 25, 27, 51, 131
        • Church delegation, 241
        • Cranston delegation, 77
        • Nunn delegation, 176, 191
        • Reuss/Bentsen delegation, 91
        • Ullman delegation, 234
        • Wolff delegation, 129
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201
      • Korea, 84, 92, 94
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 306
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 225
      • Taiwan Lobby and, 40
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization and (see also U.S. public opinion under) U.S.–PRC relations normalization), 35, 41, 48, 53, 99, 119
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 288
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 189, 190, 264, 278
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 34, 41, 55, 99, 174
      • Wolff hearings, 59
    • Cooper, Richard N., 228, 238, 244, 245, 305
    • Costle, Douglas M., 245, 263
    • Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEMA), 130, 152
    • Cranston, Alan, 77
    • Cronkite, Walter, 2
    • Cross, Charles T., 276
    • Cuba (see also Cuba as Soviet proxy):
    • Cuba as Soviet proxy:
      • Brown memoranda, 83
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 113, 118
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 87
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 251
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 199, 202, 204, 205
      • Vance–Huang Chen discussions, 25
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • Cutler, Lloyd, 287
    • Cutter, W. Bowman, 238
    • Cyprus, 47, 203, 204
    • Daedalus Company, 106, 110, 269
    • Dalai Lama, 264
    • Davies, Thomas D., 22
    • Deal, Timothy, 134, 189, 228, 321
    • Dean, David, 47, 109
    • DeConcini, Dennis Webster, 213
    • Defense, U.S. Department of (DOD) (see also Brown, Harold), 9, 195
    • Denend, Leslie G., 80, 107, 243
    • Deng Xiaoping (Teng Hsiao-p’ing) (see also Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit):
      • Brown China visit, 292
      • Brzezinski China visit, 110, 113
      • Bush China visit (1977), 62
      • Cambodian political situation, 265
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 191, 205, 206, 207
      • Carter correspondence, 212, 216
      • Mondale China visit, 264, 265, 266
      • Nunn meetings, 191
      • Political situation, 69, 128, 139, 153, 158, 255, 261
      • Sino-Soviet relations, 41
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 205, 206, 207, 212, 216
      • Taiwan Relations Act, 241
      • Ullman delegation visit, 234
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan:
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 158, 160
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 191
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 234, 244, 249, 264
      • U.S.-Vietnam relations normalization, 155
      • Vance China visit (1977), 50, 56
    • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit:
    • Denoon, David, 189
    • Desai, Morarji, 47, 109, 112, 204, 265
    • Deutch, John, 164
    • Dian Yu (Tien Yu), 66
    • Ding Yuanhong (Ting Yuan-hung):
      • Brzezinski China visit, 108, 109, 111
      • Vance China visit (1977), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62
    • Dinneen, Gerald P., 164, 290, 291, 292, 293
    • Diplomatic relations with PRC. See U.S.–PRC relations normalization.
    • Dirksen, Everett, 175
    • Djibouti, 138
    • Dobrynin, Anatoly F., 251, 273
    • Dodson, Christine, 32, 82, 164, 190, 240
    • Dole, Robert, 40
    • Dong, Nelson, 238
    • Donovan, Hedley, 204
    • Dubs, Adolph, 266
    • Dulles, John Foster, 70
    • Duncan, Charles W., Jr.:
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 217, 218, 219, 221
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 72, 76, 132
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 35
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 263
    • Duncan, Charles W., 94
    • Eastern Europe:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • East-West Planning Group, 193
    • Ecevit, Bulent, 203
    • Eidenberg, Gene, 245
    • Einhorn, Jessica, 305
    • Eizenstat, Stuart L., 66, 245
    • Energy, U.S. Department of, 164, 257
    • Erb, Guy F., 243
    • Ericson, Richard A., Jr., 57, 78
    • Eritrea, 138, 202
    • Ermarth, Fritz, 193
    • Ethiopia (see also Ogaden War), 138
    • Europe. See Eastern Europe; North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
    • Export-Import Bank credits for PRC:
      • Blumenthal China visit (1979) discussions, 224, 225
      • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
      • Kang Shien U.S. visit discussions, 247
      • Miller memoranda, 324
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 228, 229
      • Presidential Determination, 307
      • Tarnoff memoranda, 298
      • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee discussions, 324
    • G–7 London Economic Summit (May 1977), 47
    • Gandhi, Indira, 202, 292
    • Gang Xian (Kang Shien), 247
    • Gao Jianzhong (Kao Chien-chung), 108, 109
    • Gardner, Richard N., 1
    • Garn, Edwin J., 213
    • Gates, Robert M., 70, 242, 268
    • Gates, Thomas S., 13
    • Geng Biao, 290, 291, 292, 294, 310
    • George, J. Mishell, 133
    • Giffler, Lydia, 73
    • Gilliland, Col. William S., 290, 291, 292, 294
    • Glenn, John H., Jr., 35, 129, 191, 218
    • Gleysteen, William H., Jr., 3
      • Brzezinski China visit, 108, 109, 115, 118
      • Middle East, 70
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 12
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 57, 78
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 35, 46
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 7, 10
      • Vance China visit (1977), 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62
    • Glick, Warren, 238
    • Goldschmidt, Neil, 263
    • Goldwater, Barry, 40, 94, 99, 174, 194, 201
    • Gou Jiading, 278
    • Granum, Rex, 245
    • Great Britain, 219
    • Greece. See Cyprus.
    • Gregg, Donald, 313, 317
    • Gromyko, Andrei A., 215
    • Guo Jiading (Kuo Chia-ting), 62, 138
    • Gwertzman, Bernard, 217, 218
    • Habib, Philip C.:
      • Huang Zhen meetings, 13
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • PRM 24 policy options, 34
      • Shen meetings, 7, 8, 10, 56
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 12
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 57
      • Vance China visit (1977), 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 2
    • Hallford, Scott S., 177, 189, 228, 237
    • Hamrin, Carol L., 160
    • Handerson, Harold, 164
    • Handler, Philip, 31
    • Handyside, Holsey, 238
    • Han Hsu. See Han Xu.
    • Han Nianlong (Han Nien-lung), 159, 162, 166, 167, 168, 278, 313
    • Hansell, Herbert J., 174, 175, 180, 189, 213
    • Hanson, Vice Adm. Carl Thor, 290, 291, 292
    • Han Xu (Han Hsu):
      • Brown China visit, 290, 291, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit, 87, 89, 91, 96, 105
      • Carter–Chai Zemin meetings, 135
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Mondale China visit, 264, 265, 266
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 182, 187
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 21, 27
      • Taiwan Relations Act, 235
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 122
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 68
    • Hao Deqing (Hao Te-ching), 234
    • Harmon, Sidney, 66
    • Harris, Patricia R., 209, 263
    • Hart, Gary W., 191
    • Hartman, Arthur A., 10
    • Hathaway, Dale, 189
    • Heng Samrin, 278, 313
    • Henze, Paul B., 101
    • Hill, Steven, 245
    • Hoang Van Hoan, 265
    • Hofheinz, Roy M., Jr., 100
    • Holbrooke, Richard C.:
      • Brown China visit, 290, 291, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit, 87, 88, 108, 109, 114, 115
      • Carter–Chai Zemin meetings, 135, 241
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 227
      • Chai Zemin meetings, 129
      • China visit, 252
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 201, 202, 203, 204, 208, 209
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Mondale China visit, 258, 264, 265, 266, 269
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 305
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 21, 27
      • PRM 24 policy options, 34
      • Sino-Vietnamese relations, 270, 275
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 216, 217, 218, 219
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 22
      • Taiwan Relations Act, 213, 230
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 92, 94
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization:
        • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 35
        • Chai Zemin discussions, 129
        • High-level meeting discussions, 41
        • Implementation, 174, 176, 182, 187
        • Joint communiqué, 46
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 81
        • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 56, 114
        • Woodcock talks, 121
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 258
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 137, 301
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 177, 189
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense, 124
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 10, 54, 115, 181
      • Vance China visit (1977), 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 54
      • Vance–Han Nianlong meetings, 278
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62, 117, 137, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 21, 68
      • Vietnam relations normalization, 143
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 303, 304
    • Holcomb, Rear Adm. M. Staser, 35
    • Holdridge, John H., 189, 228, 238, 305
    • Hollings, Ernest F. (Fritz), 213
    • Hormats, Robert D., 243
    • Horn of Africa. See Ogaden War.
    • Horowitz, Herbert, 247
    • Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Department of, 257
    • Hsieh Ch’i-mei. See Xie Qimei.
    • Hsu Hsuan-wei. See Xu Xuanwei.
    • Hsu Shang-wei. See Xu Shangwei.
    • Hua Guofeng (Hua Kuo-feng):
      • Blumenthal China visit (1979), 223
      • Brown China visit, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit, 111
      • Carter correspondence, 185, 227, 262
      • Carter meetings, 313
      • Mondale China visit, 265
      • North Korea visit, 102, 109, 111
      • Political situation, 5, 69, 128, 153, 158
      • Sino-Soviet revisionism dispute, 281
      • Soviet war in Afghanistan, 296, 313
      • U.S. visit, 210, 266, 294, 310
      • Vance China visit (1977), 52, 58
    • Hua Kuo-feng. See Hua Guofeng.
    • Huang Chen. See Huang Zhen.
    • Huang Hua:
    • Huang Xia Si, 209
    • Huang Zhengji, 290, 291, 292, 294, 310
    • Huang Zhen (Huang Chen):
      • Arms control, 5, 21, 25, 68
      • Carter meetings, 3, 5
      • Habib meetings, 13
      • Lord meetings, 2
      • Mondale meetings, 3, 66
      • Taiwan status issue, 2, 5
      • U.S. visit, 240
      • Vance China visit (1977), 25, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
      • Vance meetings, 2, 21, 25, 68
    • Huberman, Benjamin:
      • Brown China visit, 280
      • Brzezinski China visit, 105, 108, 109
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 164, 165
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 228, 237, 238
    • Hu Chuan-chung. See Hu Zhuanzhong.
    • Hughes, Tom, 238
    • Human rights issues:
      • Brzezinski China visit and, 107
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Inderfurth memoranda, 145
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 33, 279
      • Taiwan Lobby on, 40
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48
    • Hunter, Robert, 193
    • Huntington, Samuel P., 100, 101, 108, 109
    • Hu Zhuanzhong (Hu Chuan-chung), 117
    • Hyland, William G., 60
    • Ilichev, Leonid, 13, 111
    • Inderfurth, Karl Frederick (Rick):
      • Human rights issues, 145
      • PRC foreign policy, 130
      • PRC political situation, 153
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 80
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 59, 84, 98, 174, 186
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 165
    • India:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 292
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201, 202, 204
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 304
    • Indian Ocean demilitarization proposals, 21, 25
    • Indochina. See Cambodia; Cambodian-Vietnamese war; Sino-Vietnamese relations; Sino-Vietnamese war; Soviet-Vietnamese relations; Vietnam.
    • Inman, Bobby Ray, 268
    • Intelligence Appraisals, IAPPR 336–77, “PRC: Military Contacts and Modernization of the PLA,” 65
    • Intelligence Assessments:
      • PA 79–10200D, “China-Vietnam: Territorial and Jurisdictional Disputes,” 239
      • PA 79–10314, “Deng Xiaoping and China’s Leadership: Making More Room at the Top,” 255
      • RP 77–10328, “Policy Issues in the Post-Mao Leadership,” 69
      • RP 78–10267C, “The Peking-Hanoi-Phnom Penh Triangle,” 125
      • RP 78–10392, “Collective Leadership and Policymaking in Post-Mao China,” 140
    • Intelligence Memoranda:
      • “International Reactions To a Normalization of US–PRC Relations,” 39
      • RP 77–10038, “The Value of the United States to China’s National Security,” 14
    • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, NI IIM 78–10024, “Sino-Soviet Cooperation in Indochina,” 152
    • Interior, U.S. Department of, 144, 257
    • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank), 243, 305, 306
    • International Communications Agency (ICA), 164, 240
    • International Monetary Fund (IMF), 305, 306
    • Iran:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 290, 292, 294, 295
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 163
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201
      • Hostage crisis, 290, 292, 294, 313
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • Israel (see also Middle East), 70, 151
    • Jackson, Henry M. ("Scoop"), 94
    • Jackson–Vanik Amendment, 17, 31, 189, 190, 194, 208, 225, 232
    • Japan (see also Sino-Japanese relations; U.S.-Japanese relations):
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109
      • Military capabilities, 252
      • Taiwanese relations with, 16
      • U.S. policy in Korea and, 94
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 158
      • Vietnamese relations with, 265
    • Javits, Jacob K., 94
    • Jaworski, Leon, 92, 94
    • Jayne, Edward R., II, 164, 290, 291, 293, 305
    • Jenkins, Kempton, 133, 174
    • Jian Fu (Chien Fu), 11, 22, 23, 54, 93, 173
    • Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek), 37, 49, 109, 111, 225, 264
    • Jiang Jieshi, Madame (Madame Chiang Kai-shek), 181
    • Jiang Jingguo (Chiang Ching-kuo):
      • Brzezinski China visit, 114
      • Inaugural address (May 1978), 114
      • Political situation, 99
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 11, 22, 23
      • Unger meetings, 11, 114, 151
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 151
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 114, 173, 181, 276
      • Vance China visit briefing, 44, 45, 54
    • Jian Jizhen (Chien Chi-chen), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
    • Ji Chaozhu, 203, 265, 290, 291, 292, 294
    • John Paul II, 299
    • Johnson, Bill, 238
    • Johnson, Darryl N., 323
    • Johnson Debt Default Act, 139
    • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) (see also Jones, Gen. David C.), 154
    • Jones, Gen. David C.:
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 217, 218, 219, 220
      • U.S. military aid to PRC, 325
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 154
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 150, 263
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 189
    • Jordan, Hamilton:
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 217, 221
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 175
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 41, 104, 123, 175
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 287
    • Joseph, James, 245
    • Justice, U.S. Department of, 229
    • Kahn, Fred, 245
    • Kalicki, Jan H., 22
    • Kampuchea. See Cambodia; Cambodian-Vietnamese war.
    • Kang Shien. See Gang Xian.
    • Kao Chien-chung. See Gao Jianzhong.
    • Kardelj, Edvard, 50, 62
    • Katz, Julius L., 189, 228, 238
    • Keatley, Anne, 164
    • Keegan, Maj. Gen. George J., Jr., 204
    • Kelley, Cmdr., 218
    • Kennedy, Edward M., 53
    • Kenya, 48, 138
    • Khrushchev, Nikita, 100, 106, 108, 109, 110, 278, 290
    • Kim Dong-jo, 92
    • Kim Il-sung, 30, 191, 265
    • Kirbo, Charles, 41
    • Kissinger, Henry A. (see also Nixon–Kissinger China visit records), 2, 27
    • Klutznick, Philip M., 302, 315
    • Kneeland, Douglas E., 122
    • Komer, Robert W., 71, 290, 291, 292, 294, 304, 325
    • Korea:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 290
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 242
      • Brzezinski China visit and, 100
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 111, 112, 113
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 95, 199
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 204
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • Hua Guofeng North Korea visit, 102, 109, 111
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84, 246
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • Platt/Holbrooke China visit discussions, 252
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 303, 304
    • Koreagate, 84, 94
    • Kreisberg, Paul, 78, 88
    • Kreps, Juanita M.:
    • Kriangsak Chamanan, 196, 217, 270
    • Kuo Chia-ting. See Guo Jiading.
    • Lake, W. Anthony, 88
    • Laos, 152
    • Latin America, 48, 138
    • Law, Gordon, 164
    • Le Duan, 265
    • Levin, Burton, 7, 10, 22, 44
    • Liang Feng, 278
    • Lian Hongbao (Lien Hung-pao), 108, 109, 111
    • Lian Zhengpao (Lien Cheng-pao):
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 202, 204, 208
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 166, 168
      • Vance China visit (1977), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
    • Li Chiang. See Li Jiang.
    • Lien Cheng-pao. See Lian Zhengpao.
    • Lien Hung-pao. See Lian Hongbao.
    • Li Hsien-nien. See Li Xiannian.
    • Li Jiang (Li Chiang), 156
    • Li Liang, 201
    • Lilley, James, 59, 174
    • Lin Biao (Lin Piao), 128
    • Lin Bing (Lin Ping), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 108, 109, 111
    • Lin Piao. See Lin Biao.
    • Linder, Rear Adm. James, 132
    • Ling Ching. See Ling Jing.
    • Ling Jing (Ling Ching), 290, 291
    • Lin Ping. See Lin Bing.
    • Lin Zhaonan, 310
    • Lipshutz, Robert, 202
    • Liu Hua, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
    • Liu Hua-ching. See Liu Huaqing.
    • Liu Huaqing (Liu Hua-ching), 290, 292, 293, 310
    • Li Xiannian (Li Hsien-nien), 5, 13, 155, 156
    • Long, Russell, 225
    • Lord, Winston, 2
    • Lyne, Stephen R., 270
    • Machel, Samora Moises, 62
    • Mansfield, Michael, 313
    • Mao Tse-tung. See Mao Zedong.
    • Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) (see also Nixon–Kissinger China visit records), 85, 130, 281
      • Death of, 3, 18
    • Marcos, Ferdinand, 47, 175, 204
    • Marcos, Imelda, 252, 265
    • Marcuss, Stanley J., 228, 237, 247
    • Marks, Lee R., 182, 187
    • Marshall, Andrew W., 284
    • Martin, Robert A., 231
    • Mathews, Jessica Tuchman, 12, 107
    • McAuliffe, Eugene V., 6, 9
    • McGiffert, David E.:
      • Brown China visit, 280, 290, 291, 292, 294
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 305
      • U.S. military aid to PRC, 325
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 132
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 35, 90, 179
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 233
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle, 71
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 304
    • McHenry, Donald, 278
    • McIntyre, James T., 150, 263
    • McKenna, Margaret, 245
    • McNamara, Robert A., 243
    • Middle East:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 163
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 111, 112
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 204
      • Habib–Huang Zhen discussions, 13
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 70
      • Strauss China visit discussions, 249
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25, 68
      • Vance trip, 13
    • Middleton, Drew, 293
    • Miller, G. William, 305, 324
    • Mink, Patsy, 22
    • Moe, Richard, 104, 245, 264, 265
    • Mondale, Walter:
      • Asia trip (1978), 108
      • Brzezinski China visit, 86
      • Carter–Huang Zhen meetings, 5
      • China visit (1979), 81, 250, 254, 258, 262, 264, 265, 266, 267
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 202, 204, 205, 208
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Huang Zhen meetings, 3, 66
      • PRM 24 policy options, 24, 32
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 217, 218, 221
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 175
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 35, 104, 175
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 150, 263
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 264, 265, 266, 269, 287
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 264, 266, 287
      • Woodcock–Carter meetings, 77
    • Moore, Frank B., 174, 245
    • Moore, John, 189
    • Morgan, Elva, 49
    • Mossellem, Cornelia, 50
    • Moyer, Homer, 228, 305
    • Moynihan, Daniel P., 218
    • Mozambique, 202
    • Murray, Russell, II, 71
    • Muskie, Edmund S., 309, 310, 313, 323
    • Namibia, 48, 50, 138
    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 144
    • National Cancer Institute, 144
    • National Council for U.S.-China Trade, 18, 51
    • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, NIAM 43–1–77, “The Prospects for Taiwan After Normalization,” 38
    • National Intelligence Estimates, NIE 11/13–80, “Sino-Soviet Relations in the Early 1980’s,” 312
    • National Science Foundation, 144, 164, 257
    • National Security Council (NSC), Meetings, 214, 287
    • National Security Decision Memoranda (NSDM):
      • NSDM 246, “End-Use Information Required by US and COCOM Export Controls,” 24
      • NSDM 247, “US Policy on the Export of Computers to Communist Countries,” 24
    • Negroponte, John D., 323
    • Nemirow, Sam, 238
    • Newsom, David D., 147, 185, 203, 217, 218, 221, 278
    • Nguyen Co Thach, 138
    • Nigeria, 48
    • Nixon, Richard M. (see also Nixon–Kissinger China visit records), 27, 175, 178
    • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records (see also Shanghai Communiqué):
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 16, 20, 28, 98
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 50
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
    • Ni Yaoli (Ni Yao-li), 108, 109, 247, 310
    • Noren, James H., 73
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Comprehensive Net Assessment and Military Force Posture Review, 47, 50
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 203, 204
      • PRC briefing proposals, 59
      • Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks, 266
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle and, 71
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
    • Notargiacomo, Joe, 78
    • Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act (1978), 93
    • Nuclear proliferation. See Nuclear weapons.
    • Nuclear weapons (see also Arms control):
      • Comprehensive Net Assessment and Military Force Posture Review, 50
      • Pakistani capabilities, 199, 201, 202, 204, 265, 280, 286, 292
      • PRC testing, 208, 211, 280, 282, 283, 286
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 11, 12, 22, 23, 93
      • U.S. démarche to Taiwan government, 93
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49, 50
    • Nunn, Samuel A., 176, 191
    • Nye, Joseph, 22
    • Nyerere, Julius, 48, 204
    • Oakley, Robert B., 221, 270
    • Oberdorfer, Don, 22, 96
    • Obermiller, Francine, 108, 109
    • Odom, William E., 193, 217, 218, 219
    • O’Donohue, Daniel A., 10
    • Ogaden War (see also Soviet policy in Africa), 62
      • Brown memoranda, 83
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49
      • Vance–Huang Chen discussions, 25
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 68
    • Ohira, Masayoshi, 109, 207, 225, 241, 294, 313
    • Oksenberg, Michel:
      • Afghanistan, 101
      • Brown China visit, 267, 280, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin meetings, 163
      • Brzezinski China visit:
      • Bush China visit (1977), 62
      • Carter–Chai Zemin meetings, 135, 241
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 227, 262
      • Carter–Huang Hua meeting cancellation, 60, 61
      • Carter–Huang Zhen meetings, 5
      • Congressional China visits, 25
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 196, 201, 202, 203, 204, 209
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin meetings, 129
      • Human rights issues, 33, 107, 279
      • Korea, 246
      • Middle East, 70
      • Mondale China visit, 264, 265, 266, 269
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • Platt/Holbrooke China visit, 252
      • PRC foreign policy, 130
      • PRC political situation, 112, 128, 153, 158
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 27, 59
      • PRM 24 policy options, 34
      • Sino-Soviet relations, 3, 128, 130
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 215, 217, 218, 219, 221
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 12
      • Thornton memorandum, 63
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 59, 80, 81
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 84, 92, 94, 175
      • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 112, 128, 240
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 3, 26, 55, 59, 81, 85, 131, 138 [Page 1177]
        • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 122
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 98
        • Carter high-level meetings, 123
        • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 35
        • High-level meeting discussions, 41, 42
        • Implementation, 175, 194, 308
        • Joint communiqué, 36, 41, 46, 149, 186
        • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
        • Woodcock talks, 135, 149
      • U.S.–PRC relations overviews, 131, 259, 300, 327
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 164, 165
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 267, 268
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 248
        • Blumenthal China visit, 177, 223, 225
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 19
        • Export licenses, 237, 269
        • Kang Shien U.S. visit, 247
        • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 139
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 228, 229, 238
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense, 59, 124
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle, 34, 59, 112, 123, 130, 175, 215
      • U.S.-Soviet relations, 9
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 175, 195
      • Vance China visit (1977), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 131
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62, 117, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 21, 68
    • O’Leary, John F., 245
    • Olympic Games boycott, 296, 304
    • O’Neill, Thomas Phillip, Jr. “Tip,” 94
    • Overseas Private Investment Corporation, 264, 324
    • Owen, Henry D., 1, 189, 225, 243, 305
    • Pakistan (see also U.S. military aid to Pakistan):
      • Brown China visit discussions, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 110, 112
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201, 202, 203, 204
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265
      • Nuclear capabilities, 199, 201, 202, 204, 265, 280, 286, 292
      • Vance memoranda, 199
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 304
    • Palestinians. See Middle East.
    • Paley, William, 2
    • Panama Canal, 48, 59, 108, 110, 122, 178
    • Park, Chung Hee, 49, 204
    • Park, Tongsun, 84, 94
    • Peng Chen. See Beng Zhen.
    • P’eng Chin-po. See Peng Jinbo.
    • Peng Dehuai (P’eng Te-huai), 158
    • Peng Di, 203
    • Peng Jinbo (P’eng Chin-po), 66, 133
    • Peng Jinho, 247
    • P’eng Te-huai. See Peng Dehuai.
    • People’s Republic of China (PRC) (see also PRC peaceful intent assurances; PRC political situation; U.S. military aid to PRC; U.S.–PRC relations; U.S.–PRC relations normalization; U.S.–PRC security cooperation; U.S.–PRC technology transfer; U.S.–PRC trade relations):
      • Birth control program, 73
      • Catholic Church, 299
      • Economic situation, 4, 69, 224
      • Military capabilities, 41, 69
      • Military delegation exchanges, 65
      • Nuclear testing, 208, 211, 280, 282, 283, 286
      • Tangshan earthquake (July 1976), 4
      • Vatican relations with, 299
    • Perkins, Dwight H., 100
    • Perry, William J., 71, 253, 320
    • Pham Van Dong, 265
    • Phan Hien, 270
    • Philippines, 47
    • Phillips, Christopher H., 2
    • Pickering, Tom, 164
    • Pillsbury, Michael, 284
    • Pimentel, George, 164
    • Pinckney, Col. T. C., 78
    • Pinyin romanization system, 161
    • Platt, Nicholas:
      • Brown China visit, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294
      • China visit, 252
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Korea, 246
      • U.S. economic aid to PRC, 243
      • U.S. military aid to PRC, 325
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 174
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 301
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 134
    • Policy Review Committee:
    • Pol Pot (Saloth Sar), 152, 264, 265, 275, 278
    • Popple, Paul M., 23
    • Porpora, Jeannette, 47, 48
    • Portugal, 121
    • Powell, Jody:
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 202, 208
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 217, 218, 219, 221
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 174, 175
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 287
    • Pratt, Mark S., 276
    • PRC foreign policy:
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 30
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 137
      • Intelligence Assessments, 69
      • Intelligence Memoranda, 14
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 130
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49
      • Woodcock memoranda, 297
    • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 243, 305, 306
    • PRC peaceful intent assurances:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 111, 112, 113, 118
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 1, 31, 318
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 123
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance memoranda, 119
      • Woodcock–Huang Hua discussions, 230
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 121, 159, 162
    • PRC political situation:
      • Blumenthal memoranda, 18
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • Intelligence Assessments, 69, 140, 255
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 112, 128, 153, 158
      • Woodcock memoranda, 261
    • Presidential Determinations, No. 80–1, “Determination under Subsection 2(b)(2) of the Export-Import Bank of 1945, as Amended—People’s Republic of China,” 307
    • Presidential Directives:
      • PD 18, “U.S. National Strategy,” 59, 108
      • PD 43, “US-China Scientific and Technological Relationships,” 150, 263
    • Presidential Review Committee, 305
    • Presidential Review Memoranda:
      • PRM 10, “Comprehensive Net Assessment and Military Force Posture Review,” 50, 53, 54, 59, 100, 108, 109, 111
      • PRM 24, “People’s Republic of China,” 24, 26, 31, 32, 34, 53, 59, 67, 131
      • PRM 31, “Export Control of U.S. Technology,” 59
    • Press, Frank:
    • Private claims/blocked assets:
      • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • Carter memoranda, 26
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208, 209
      • Final agreement, 244
      • Habib–Huang Zhen discussions, 13
      • Holbrooke–Han Xu discussions, 27
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190, 238
      • Roy memoranda, 222
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 53
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21
      • Woodcock memoranda, 234
    • Pu Shouchang, 202, 203, 204, 208, 209
    • Pustay, Lt. Gen. John, 305
    • Putchman, Alan, 189
    • Pye, Lucian W., 100
    • Qian Dayong (Tsien Ta-yung), 2, 5, 13, 21, 27
    • Qian Jiadong (Tsien Chia-tung), 62
    • Qian Xusen, 293
    • Quaksenburgh, Col. Robert, 174
    • Quandt, William B., 101
    • Rathner, Herbert, 296
    • Reagan, Ronald, 316, 317
    • Reinhardt, John E., 164
    • Renner, John C., 139, 164, 189, 228
    • Resor, Stanley, 189
    • Reuss, Henry, 91
    • Rhodesia (see also Africa), 48, 49, 50, 62, 108, 138
    • Richardson, John, Jr., 107
    • Richeson, Lt. Col. Alfred K., 78, 290, 291, 293
    • Ridge, Thomas, 35, 78
    • Ripley, S. Dillon, 263
    • Rivers, Richard, 238
    • Rockefeller, David, 2, 5, 13
    • Rogers, Bernard W., 183
    • Rogers, William P., 59
    • Romania (see also Eastern Europe), 138
    • Romanization system, 161
    • Romberg, Alan D., 22, 47, 50, 54, 78
    • Roosevelt, Julien, 296
    • Roy, J. Stapleton:
      • Brown China visit, 293
      • Congressional China visits, 25
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 27, 222
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 216
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 186
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 235, 276
      • Vance–Han Nianlong meetings, 278
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 68
    • Sadat, Anwar, 202, 204, 249, 292
    • Safire, William, 59
    • Samuel, Howard, 238
    • Saunders, Harold H., 175, 218
    • Saylor, Thomas, 228
    • Schecter, Jerrold, 202
    • Schlesinger, James R.:
    • Schmidt, Helmut, 68, 233
    • Schwartz, Teresa, 245
    • Schweiker, Richard, 25, 27
    • Scranton, William, 59
    • Seignious, Lt. Gen. George M., 280, 290, 291
    • Seitz, Raymond G.H., 298
    • Senkaku incident (1978), 106, 109
    • Seton-Watson, Hugh, 101
    • Shanghai Communiqué (Feb. 1972):
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Joint communiqué and, 142, 186
      • PRM 24 on, 24
      • U.S.–PRC discussions, 2, 5, 21, 50, 52, 159, 167
      • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 7, 8, 10
    • Shen, James Changhuan:
      • Brzezinski China visit, 114, 115
      • Habib meetings, 7, 8, 10, 56
      • Unger meetings, 56, 114
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 57
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 56, 114, 115
      • Vance China visit briefing, 44, 54
      • Vance meetings, 56
    • Shen Jo-yun. See Shen Ruoyun.
    • Shen Ruoyun (Shen Jo-yun), 89
    • Shih Yen-hua. See Shi Yanhua.
    • Shirk, Susan L., 145
    • Shi Yanhua (Shih Yen-hua), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 62, 111, 166, 168
    • Shoesmith, Thomas P., 187, 281
    • Shu Erwei (Shu Erh-wei), 138
    • Shulman, Marshall D., 193, 215
    • Sick, Gary, 101, 217, 218
    • Sihanouk, Norodom (Prince of Cambodia), 264, 265, 292
    • Singh, Charan, 265
    • Sino-Japanese relations:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 111
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin discussions, 129
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 128, 130
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • Sino-Soviet relations (see also U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle), 3
      • Border conflicts, 102
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143
      • East-West Planning Group discussions, 193
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 266
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 312
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 3, 128, 130
      • Revisionism dispute, 281
      • Sino-Vietnamese war and, 231
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation and, 233, 251
    • Sino-Vietnamese relations:
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 113, 126
      • Intelligence Assessments, 125
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 112
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance memoranda, 270
      • Woodcock memoranda, 275
    • Sino-Vietnamese war, 213
      • Blumenthal China visit discussions, 223
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 199, 220
      • Bureau of Intelligence and Research reports, 231
      • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Deng Xiaoping correspondence, 212, 216
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 227
      • CIA research paper, 226
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 205, 206, 207
      • Intelligence Assessments, 239
      • NSC discussions, 214
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 215
      • SCC discussions, 217, 218, 219, 221
    • Smith, Brig. Gen. Carl, 290, 291, 292
    • Smith, Ian, 49, 50, 62
    • Smith, Michael B., 189
    • Smith, Mort, 164
    • Smithsonian Institution, 257
    • Smith, Terry, 245
    • Smith, Lt. Gen. William Y.:
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 217, 218, 221
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 34, 174
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 164
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 189, 228, 238
    • Snow, Edgar, 85
    • Solarz, Stephen J., 94
    • Solomon, Anthony, 228, 238, 247
    • Somalia (see also Ogaden War), 96
    • Sonada Sunao, 137, 138, 265
    • Song Zhenming, 247
    • Sonnenfeldt Doctrine, 49, 50
    • Soong, James, 54, 114, 173
    • Soviet foreign policy (see also Cuba as Soviet proxy; Sino-Soviet relations; Soviet policy in Africa; Soviet-Vietnamese relations; Soviet war in Afghanistan; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle; U.S.-Soviet relations):
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 118
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 251
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 204
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265, 266
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 130
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49, 52
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25, 68
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 303
    • Soviet policy in Africa:
      • Brown memoranda, 83
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 112
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 204
      • Ogaden War, 21, 25, 83
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 117
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25
      • Vance memoranda, 199
    • Soviet Union (see also Soviet foreign policy; Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle; U.S.-Soviet relations):
    • Soviet-Vietnamese relations:
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 126
      • Bureau of Intelligence and Research reports, 231
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 205
      • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, 152
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264, 265
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 130
      • SCC discussions, 221
      • State Department discussions, 197
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Woodcock memoranda, 275
    • Soviet war in Afghanistan:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 292, 294
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Carter–Watson discussions, 311
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit discussions, 310
      • Olympic Games boycott and, 296, 304
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 304
    • Special Coordination Committee Ad Hoc Group on China, 174, 195, 280
    • Special Coordination Committee (SCC), 194, 213, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221
    • Stevenson, Adlai E., III, 225
    • Stever, H. Guyford, 263
    • Stoddard, Phillip H., 231
    • Stone, Richard, 40
    • Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks (see also Arms control):
      • Brown memoranda, 83
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 163, 242
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 110, 113
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143
      • Brzezinski–Woodcock discussions, 77
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 204, 208
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • Moe memoranda, 104
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 266
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 123
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25, 68
      • Vance memoranda, 119
    • Stratton, Samuel Studdiford, 84, 92, 94
    • Strauss, Robert S., 134, 189, 209, 228, 247, 249
    • Sudan, 48
    • Suharto, Mohammed, 175
    • Sullivan, Roger W.:
      • Brown China visit, 280
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin meetings, 299
      • Bush China visit (1980), 316
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 305
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 11
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 328
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 174, 308
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 301
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 133, 177, 228
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense termination, 180
      • Vance China visit Taiwan government briefing, 54
      • Vance–Han Nianlong meetings, 278
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 303
    • Sun Ping, 313
    • Sun Suochang, 236
    • Sun, Y. S., 183
    • Sylvester, John, Jr. , 231
    • Taiwan (see also PRC peaceful intent assurances; Republic of China; Taiwan status issue; U.S.-Taiwanese relations):
      • Independence issue, 16, 37, 41, 99
      • Israeli military aid to, 151
      • Japanese relations with, 16
      • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, 38
      • Nuclear capabilities, 11, 12, 22, 23, 93
      • Olympic Games boycott, 296, 305
      • Political situation, 99, 276
    • Taiwan Lobby, 40, 53, 59, 145
    • Taiwan omnibus legislation. See Taiwan Relations Act.
    • Taiwan Public Relations Act, 234
    • Taiwan Relations Act (TRA):
      • Albright memoranda, 213
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189
      • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
      • SCC discussions, 194, 213
      • U.S.–PRC discussions, 230, 234, 235, 241, 264, 318, 323
    • Taiwan status issue:
      • Brown memoranda, 6
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 111
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Joint communiqué on, 36, 46, 142
      • Lord–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
      • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records, 16, 98
      • PRM 24 on, 24
      • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 54
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
      • Vance memoranda, 26
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 159
    • Takeiri, Yoshikatsu, 158
    • Talmadge, Herman E., 94
    • Tang Wensheng (T’ang Wen-sheng) (Nancy), 2, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 167
    • Tanzania, 204
    • Taraki, Nur Mohammad, 101
    • Tarnoff, Peter R., 47, 67, 78, 82, 253, 298, 307
    • Teng Hsiao-p’ing. See Deng Xiaoping.
    • Thailand, 252, 278, 313
    • Thayer, Harry E. T.:
      • Brzezinski China visit, 88, 115
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 185
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 182, 187
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 78
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 176
      • Vance China visit (1977), 47, 48, 49, 51
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62, 117, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 21
    • Thomas, John, 164
    • Thornton, Thomas, 60, 61, 63, 101
    • Tibet, 41, 264, 311
    • Tien Yu. See Dian Yu.
    • Ting Yuan-hung. See Ding Yuanhong.
    • Tito, Josip Broz, 62
    • Tolstikov, Vasily, 102
    • Toon, Malcolm, 215
    • Tower, John, 40
    • Trade Act (1974) (see also Jackson–Vanik Amendment), 17, 232, 243
    • Transportation, U.S. Department of, 257
    • Treasury, U.S. Department of, 229
    • Trilateral Commission, 2
    • Tsao Kuei-sheng. See Cao Guisheng.
    • Tsien Chia-tung. See Xian Jiadong.
    • Tsien Ta-yung. See Xian Dayong.
    • Turkey (see also Cyprus), 106, 203
    • Turner, Adm. Stansfield:
      • Cabinet meetings, 245
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 155, 197
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221
      • U.S.–PRC relations, PRM 24 policy options, 24, 32, 34
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, Intelligence Memoranda, 39
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 150, 263
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, Policy Review Committee discussions, 189
      • Vietnam relations normalization, 155
    • Turner, Brian, 228
    • Tyler, Patrick, 131
    • Ullman, Albert C., 234
    • Unger, Leonard S.:
      • Brzezinski China visit, 114
      • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 184, 187
      • Shen meetings, 56, 114
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 11, 23, 93
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 151
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 8, 114, 171, 173
      • Vance China visit, 45, 54
    • United Nations:
    • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee, 177, 189, 198, 225, 319, 324
    • U.S. diplomatic relations with PRC. See U.S.–PRC relations normalization.
    • U.S.-Japanese relations:
      • Blumenthal visit, 225
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 9
      • Brzezinski China visit and, 100
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • Fukuda visit, 21
      • Kreps visit, 245
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance memoranda, 26
    • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 304
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 290, 292, 294
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201, 202, 204
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 117, 138
    • U.S. military aid to PRC (see also U.S.–PRC security cooperation; U.S.–PRC technology transfer), 31, 71, 289, 325, 326
    • U.S. military aid to Taiwan:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 295
      • Brown memoranda, 179
      • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 111, 112, 113, 118
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 122
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 95, 147, 148, 172, 181
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 141
      • Christopher Taiwan mission discussions, 183
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208
      • Gleysteen memoranda, 57
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41, 94, 175
      • McGiffert memoranda, 90
      • Muskie–Chai Zemin discussions, 323
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59, 80, 81
      • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
      • State–Defense memoranda, 78, 80, 82
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Sullivan memoranda, 328
      • Unger–Jiang Jingguo discussions, 151
      • Vance memoranda, 26, 285
      • Woodcock memoranda, 241
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 119, 121, 159, 162, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170
    • U.S. military capabilities, 47, 49, 108
    • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan:
      • Armacost memoranda, 55, 132
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 179
      • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 1, 31, 103, 181
      • Christopher memoranda, 74
      • Christopher Taiwan mission discussions, 183
      • Duncan memoranda, 72, 76
      • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records, 16
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
      • PRM 24 on, 24, 32
      • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 50
      • Vance memoranda, 26
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 166
    • U.S. policy in Asia:
      • Brown memoranda, 9
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143, 309
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • East-West Planning Group discussions, 193
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94, 309
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Nixon–Oksenberg discussions, 175
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
      • Vance memoranda, 26
    • U.S. political situation:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • McGiffert memoranda, 90
      • Moe memoranda, 104
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Presidential elections (1980), 316, 317
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 50
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges (see also U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation), 51, 113
      • Brzezinski directive, 254
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 122
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208, 209
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 137
      • Kreps–Chai Zemin discussions, 133
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 254
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 112, 128
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 240
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 117
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21
    • U.S.–PRC relations (see also China delegation visits under) Congress, U.S.; Nixon–Kissinger China visit records; Private claims/blocked assets; U.S.–PRC relations normalization; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle):
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin meetings, 129, 163, 242, 299
      • Cabinet officials China visit proposals, 136
      • Carter–Chai Zemin meetings, 135, 241
      • Carter China visit proposals, 210, 241, 266, 294
      • Carter–Deng Xiaoping correspondence, 212, 216
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 185, 227, 262
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng meetings, 313
      • Carter–Huang Hua meeting cancellation, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63
      • Carter–Huang Zhen meetings, 3, 5
      • Civil aviation agreement, 319
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 199, 208
        • Kreps China visit discussions, 244
        • Mondale China visit discussions, 254, 264
        • Muskie–Chai Zemin discussions, 323
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189
        • Woodcock memoranda, 250
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Habib–Huang Zhen meetings, 13
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin meetings, 129
      • Hua Guofeng U.S. visit, 210, 266, 294, 310
      • Huang Zhen U.S. visit, 240
      • Maritime agreement, 199, 208, 229, 232, 238, 244, 250, 319
      • Mondale China visit, 250, 254, 258, 262, 264, 265, 266, 269
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • Muskie–Chai Zemin meetings, 323
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 63, 85
      • Overviews, 131, 259, 300, 322, 327
      • Platt/Holbrooke China visit, 252
      • PRM 24 policy options, 24, 32, 34
      • Taiwan Relations Act and, 230, 234, 235, 241, 264, 318, 323
      • Thornton memorandum, 60, 61, 63
      • U.S. economic aid, 243
      • U.S. military aid, 31, 71, 289, 325, 326
      • Vance–Han Nianlong meetings, 278
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 58, 59, 62, 137, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 2, 21, 25, 68
      • Woodcock liaison appointment, 25, 35
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 303
    • U.S.–PRC relations normalization:
      • Armacost memoranda, 55
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 9, 83
      • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 163
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 116, 118
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 122
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 95, 98, 126, 143
      • Brzezinski–Woodcock discussions, 77
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Carter memoranda, 43
      • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 35, 77, 141
      • High-level meetings, 41, 42, 94, 123
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin discussions, 129
      • Implementation (see also Joint communiqué below); Post-normalization implementation under) U.S.-Taiwanese relations):
        • Agreements (Sept. 1980), 319
        • Brown memoranda, 179
        • Carter high-level meeting discussions, 175
        • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 185
        • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
        • Carter speech (Dec. 15, 1978), 171
        • Consular relations agreement, 208, 210, 250, 254, 264 , 319
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 209
        • Intelligence community, 308
        • Nixon–Oksenberg discussions, 175
        • Nunn China visit, 176, 191
        • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 176, 182 , 183 , 184 , 187 , 264
        • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
        • SCC discussions, 194
        • U.S.–Taiwan discussions, 171, 173
        • Vance–Chai Zemin discussions, 176
        • Vance memoranda, 199
        • Woodcock ambassadorship, 194
      • Intelligence Memoranda, 39
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Joint communiqué:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 142
        • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 141
        • Final text, 171
        • High-level meeting discussions, 41
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 36, 46, 149, 186
        • Vance memoranda, 119
        • Woodcock talk discussions, 159, 162, 166, 167, 168
      • Kreps–Chai Zemin discussions, 133
      • Mark memoranda, 160
      • McGiffert memoranda, 90
      • Moe memoranda, 104
      • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, 38
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 3, 59, 81, 85, 131, 138
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
      • PRC-Japanese discussions, 158
      • PRM 24 on, 24, 34
      • Soviet responses, 201
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Taiwan Lobby and, 40, 59
      • Unger memoranda, 8
      • U.S. public opinion:
        • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
        • Moe memoranda, 104
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 36, 53, 59, 123
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
        • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48
        • Vance memoranda, 26
      • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 7, 10, 54, 56, 114, 115
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
      • Vance memoranda, 26
      • Woodcock–Deng Xiaoping meetings, 162, 163, 166, 167, 168, 170
      • Woodcock talks:
        • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 163
        • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 110, 111
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 120, 127, 142, 162
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 135, 149
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
        • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 117
        • Vance memoranda, 119
        • Woodcock memoranda, 121, 159, 166, 167, 168, 170
    • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation (see also U.S.–PRC technology transfer):
      • Agreements, 210
      • Bergland China visit, 156
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 105
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 146, 260, 263
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 192, 209
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin discussions, 129
      • Kreps–Chai Zemin discussions, 133
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 164, 165
      • Presidential Directives, 150, 263
      • Press/Brzezinski memoranda, 211
      • Press memoranda, 144, 257, 260
      • Schlesinger China visit, 41, 117, 122, 135, 144, 153, 157
      • Sinologist advice, 100
    • U.S.–PRC security cooperation (see also Brown China visit):
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 290, 291, 292, 295
      • Brown memoranda, 233
      • Gen. Brown memoranda, 9
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 251
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit discussions, 310
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 258
      • Intelligence sharing, 16, 21, 31, 99, 100
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 254, 264, 266, 267
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 312
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • PRC NATO briefing proposals, 59
    • U.S.–PRC technology transfer (see also U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation):
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295
      • Brown memoranda, 283
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 95, 251, 253, 288, 289, 315, 320
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 137, 301
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264, 265, 266, 269
      • NSC discussions, 287
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59, 123, 128
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 164
      • Press memoranda, 64, 144
      • PRM 24 on, 24, 67
      • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 280
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance memoranda, 282
    • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 278
      • Blumenthal China visit (1979), 177, 219, 223, 224, 225, 234
      • Blumenthal memoranda, 18, 232
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 15, 19, 31, 134, 143, 302
      • Cabinet meeting discussions, 245
      • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208, 209
      • Export licenses, 232, 237, 264, 269
      • Grain agreement, 321, 322, 323
      • Kang Shien U.S. visit, 247
      • Kreps–Chai Zemin meetings, 133
      • Kreps China visit, 228, 236, 238, 244, 245
      • Kreps memoranda, 17
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264, 266
      • Most Favored Nation status:
        • Blumenthal China visit (1979) discussions, 224
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 256
        • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
        • Kang Shien U.S. visit discussions, 247
        • Kreps–Chai Zemin discussions, 133
        • Kreps China visit discussions, 244
        • Kreps memoranda, 17
        • Mondale China visit discussions, 264
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 228, 229, 238
        • SCC discussions, 194
        • Vance memoranda, 199
        • Woodcock memoranda, 236
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 139
      • NSC discussions, 287
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190, 228, 238
      • Strauss China visit, 247, 249
      • Tarnoff memoranda, 298
      • Textile agreement, 319
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 134
        • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 199
        • Kreps China visit discussions, 244
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 228, 238
        • Strauss China visit discussions, 249
        • Woodcock memoranda, 250
      • Trade agreement, 278
        • Blumenthal China visit (1979) discussions, 177, 224
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
        • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 196, 208
        • Erb memoranda, 243
        • Kreps China visit discussions, 236, 244
        • Mondale China visit discussions, 264
        • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 139
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190, 228, 229, 238
        • Strauss memoranda, 249
        • Woodcock memoranda, 236, 250
      • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee, 177, 189, 198, 225, 319, 324
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 51
    • U.S. presidential elections (1980), 316, 317
    • U.S.–ROC Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Atomic Energy (1972), 22
    • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation, 7
    • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense (see also U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan):
      • Brown memoranda, 9
      • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 141
      • Habib–Shen discussions, 7
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 124
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Joint communiqué on, 142
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59
      • Termination of, 180, 181, 183, 194
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48
      • Vance–Shen discussions, 56
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 166, 167, 168
    • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle:
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 83, 233, 271, 283
      • Gen. Brown memoranda, 9
      • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 110, 112, 118
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 9, 28, 31, 42, 143, 196, 200, 251, 253, 273, 277
      • Brzezinski–Woodcock discussions, 77
      • Carter–Brzezinski discussions, 77
      • Carter–Watson discussions, 311
      • Habib–Huang Zhen discussions, 13
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 258
      • Intelligence Memoranda, 14
      • Mao’s death and, 3
      • Mondale memoranda, 254
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 312
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • NATO and, 71
      • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records, 28
      • Nixon–Oksenberg discussions, 175
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59, 112, 123, 130, 215
      • Pillsbury study, 284
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
      • PRM 24 on, 67
      • Sinologist advice, 100
      • Sino-Vietnamese war and, 214, 215, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer and, 67
      • Vance memoranda, 26, 272, 282
    • U.S.-Soviet relations (see also Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle):
      • Brzezinski China visit notification, 97
      • Carter–Brezhnev correspondence, 214, 219
      • Carter–Brezhnev meetings, 251
      • Carter–Watson discussions, 311
      • Habib–Huang Zhen discussions, 13
      • Security cooperation, 9
      • Trade relations, 189, 190, 225, 232, 256, 266
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization responses, 201
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation and, 251, 272, 273, 312
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49, 50
      • Vance memoranda, 271
      • Vance Soviet Union visit (1977), 21, 25
      • Vance Soviet Union visit (1978), 96
    • U.S.-Taiwanese relations (see also Taiwan Relations Act; U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan; U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense):
      • Armacost memoranda, 55
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 118
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Brzezinski–Woodcock discussions, 77
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Cranston proposal, 77
      • Habib–Shen meetings, 7, 8, 10, 56
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Holbrooke–Shen meetings, 115
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Legal issues, 99
      • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, 38
      • News conference (Jan. 31, 1977), 7
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
      • Post-normalization implementation (see also Taiwan Relations Act):
        • Christopher Taiwan mission, 179, 181, 183
        • Cross memoranda, 276, 314
        • Defense Department involvement, 195
        • Nixon–Oksenberg discussions, 175
        • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 176, 182, 183, 184, 187, 264
        • Presidential Memorandum, 188
        • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
        • SCC discussions, 194
      • Republican Party platform, 316
      • Taiwan Lobby and, 40
      • Trade relations, 38
      • Unger–Jiang Jingguo meetings, 11, 114, 151
      • Unger–Shen meetings, 56, 114
      • U.S. nuclear non-proliferation demarché, 93
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization discussions, 7, 10, 54, 56, 114, 115
      • U.S. public opinion, 26, 35, 48, 53, 99, 104
      • Vance China visit briefing, 44, 45, 54
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48
      • Vance memoranda, 119
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 127, 149, 159, 162, 166
      • Wording change, 161
    • U.S.-Vietnamese relations normalization:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 112, 113
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 126, 143
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin discussions, 129
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21
    • Vance, Cyrus (see also Vance China visit (1977)):
      • Arms control, 21, 25, 47, 62, 68
      • Asia Society speech (June 29, 1977), 43, 44, 131
      • Brown China visit, 272, 282, 287, 295
      • Brzezinski China visit, 86, 87, 99, 110, 111, 115, 116, 117
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 138, 197
      • Carter–Chai Zemin meetings, 135, 241
      • Carter–Huang Hua meeting cancellation, 58, 62
      • Carter–Huang Zhen meetings, 5
      • China visit (1978), 92
      • Congressional China visits, 25
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 199, 202, 203, 204, 205, 208
      • Han Nianlong meetings, 278
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin meetings, 129
      • Huang Hua meetings, 58, 59, 62, 116, 117, 137, 138
      • Huang Zhen meetings, 2, 21, 25, 68
      • Middle East trip, 13
      • Mondale China visit, 269
      • PRC foreign policy, 49, 297
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 21, 29, 53, 222
      • PRM 24 policy options, 24, 32, 34
      • Sino-Vietnamese relations, 270
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 217, 218, 219, 220
      • Soviet Union visit (1977), 21, 25
      • Soviet Union visit (1978), 96
      • Taiwanese independence issue, 37
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 22
      • Taiwan status issue, 2, 26, 48, 49, 50, 138
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 94, 119, 147, 148, 175, 285
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 26, 48, 50
      • U.S. policy in Asia, 26, 47, 92, 94, 99
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 26
        • Carter high-level meetings, 123
        • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 35
        • China visit discussions, 47, 48, 49, 50
        • High-level meeting discussions, 41, 42
        • Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
        • Huang Zhen discussions, 2
        • Implementation, 94, 175, 176, 182, 187, 199, 210
        • Mark memoranda, 160
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 81
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
        • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 56, 171, 173
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
        • Woodcock talks, 99, 117, 119, 159, 166, 167, 168, 170
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 150, 263
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation, 268, 272, 273, 274, 282
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 94, 99, 137, 253, 282, 287, 301, 315
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 99
        • China visit (1977) discussions, 51
        • Export-Import Bank credits, 189, 307
        • Kreps China visit, 244
        • Most Favored Nation status, 199, 244, 256
        • NSC discussions, 287
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190
        • Strauss memoranda, 134
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense, 48, 56, 124
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle, 9, 26, 94, 272, 282
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 119
        • China visit (1977) discussions, 48
        • Habib–Shen meetings, 7, 10
        • Post-normalization implementation, 171, 173, 181, 188
        • Shen meetings, 56
        • Taiwan Relations Act, 230, 235
      • Vietnam relations normalization, 21, 47, 138, 143, 155
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 303, 304
    • Vance China visit (1977):
      • Communiqué, 51
      • Deng Xiaoping press conference, 56
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 53, 131
      • Planning, 25, 31, 34, 41, 42, 43
      • Taiwan government briefing, 44, 45, 54
      • Vance–Deng Xiaoping meeting, 50
      • Vance–Hua Guofeng meetings, 52, 58
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 47, 48, 49, 51
    • Vatican, 299
    • Verville, Elizabeth G., 27
    • Vessey, Gen. John W., Jr., 94
    • Vietnam (see also Cambodian-Vietnamese war; Sino-Vietnamese relations; Sino-Vietnamese war; Soviet-Vietnamese relations; U.S.-Vietnamese relations normalization; Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia):
    • Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 292
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264, 265
      • Platt/Holbrooke China visit discussions, 252
      • Vance–Han Nianlong discussions, 278
      • Woodcock memoranda, 275
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 304
    • Waldheim, Kurt, 252, 270, 313
    • Wang Dongxing (Wang Tung-hsing), 153
    • Wang Hai-jung. See Wang Hairong.
    • Wang Hairong (Wang Hai-jung):
      • Brzezinski China visit, 108, 109, 111
      • Vance China visit (1977), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
      • Woodcock–Deng Xiaoping meeting, 167
    • Wang Letian, 293
    • Wang Tung-hsing. See Wang Dongxing.
    • Wang Xiaoyun, 313
    • Watson, Barbara, 278
    • Watson, Jack, 136, 245
    • Watson, Thomas J., Jr., 311
    • Wedemeyer, Gen. Albert C., 204
    • Weicker, Lowell P., Jr., 213
    • Wei Jinsheng, 279
    • Weil, Frank A., 133, 174, 189, 237, 238
    • Weisner, Adm. Maurice F., 132, 181
    • Wei Yongqing, 202, 203, 204, 208, 264, 265, 266
    • Werner, Gertrude, 108, 204
    • Wexler, Anne, 245, 327
    • White, John C., 66, 305
    • Williamson, David, 164
    • Wisner, Frank G., 78
    • Woerner, Manfred, 193
    • Wolff, Lester, 59, 94, 129
    • Woodcock, Leonard (see also Woodcock talks under) U.S.–PRC relations normalization):
      • Ambassadorship, 194
      • Brown China visit, 290, 291, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit, 77, 87, 108, 109, 111, 113
      • Bush China visit (1980), 318
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 227
      • Carter meetings, 77
      • Deng Xiaoping meetings, 162, 163, 166, 167, 168, 170
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 202, 203, 208
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Liaison appointment of, 25, 35
      • Mondale China visit, 250, 264, 265, 266
      • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 187
      • PRC foreign policy, 297
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 306
      • PRC political situation, 261
      • Sino-Soviet relations, 102
      • Sino-Vietnamese relations, 275
      • Taiwan Relations Act, 230, 234, 235, 241
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 35, 141, 169, 172, 241
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 35, 77, 141
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 236, 250
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle, 35, 77
      • Vance China visit (1977), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62, 138
    • World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development), 243, 305, 306
    • Wu De (Wu Te), 153
    • Wu Te. See Wu De.
    • Wu Xiuchuan, 290, 291, 292, 294
    • Xiao Xiangchuan, 313
    • Xie Qimei (Hsieh Ch’i-mei), 66
    • Xu Shangwei (Hsu Shang-Wei):
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin meetings, 163
      • Bush China visit (1980), 316
      • Carter–Chai Zemin meetings, 135
      • Carter–Huang Zhen meetings, 5
      • Habib–Huang Zhen meetings, 13
      • Mondale–Huang Zhen meetings, 66
      • Vance–Chai Zemin meetings, 176
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 2, 21, 68
    • Xu Xuanwei (Hsu Hsuan-wei), 133
    • Xu Yimin, 293, 310
    • Zablocki, Clement J., 40, 94
    • Zaire:
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 204
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 117, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25
    • Zambia, 138, 202
    • Zhang Aiping, 293
    • Zhang Jingfu, 244
    • Zhang Naizheng, 310
    • Zhang Wenjin (Chang Wen-chin):
    • Zhang Zai, 247, 310
    • Zhang Zhenhuan, 290, 291, 293
    • Zhao Jihua (Chao Chi-hua), 108, 109
    • Zhao Shenzhen, 247
    • Zhao Ziyang, 281
    • Zhou Beiyuan (Chou Pei-yuan), 137
    • Zhou Enlai (Chou En-lai) (see also Nixon–Kissinger China visit records), 18
    • Zhou Jihua, 290, 291, 293
    • Zhou Nan (Chou Nan), 62, 117, 278
    • Zhou Wenzhong, 241, 242, 247, 299, 317
    • Zhu Qizhen (Chu Chi-chen), 138, 202, 204, 208
    • Zia-ul-Haq, Gen., 110
    • Zu Lizhang, 247
    • Zumwalt, Adm. Elmo R., Jr., 35, 204