[Page 1161]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Califano, Joseph A., Jr., 150, 209, 263
    • Callaghan, James, 219
    • Cambodia (see also Cambodian-Vietnamese war; Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia):
    • Cambodian-Vietnamese war (see also Sino-Vietnamese war):
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 111
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 96
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 205, 206, 207
      • East-West Planning Group discussions, 193
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit discussions, 310
      • Intelligence Assessments, 125
      • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, 152
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • SCC discussions, 221
      • State Department discussions, 197
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • Cannon, John F., 47
    • Cao Guisheng (Tsao Kuei-sheng):
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin meetings, 163
      • Brzezinski China visit, 87, 89, 91, 96, 105
      • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 187
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 122, 176
    • Carlucci, Frank, 174, 287
    • Carswell, Robert, 66
    • Carter, Hodding, III, 214, 217, 218
    • Carter, James Earl (Chip), III, 25, 27, 131
    • Carter, Jimmy:
    • Carter, William H., III, 47
    • Case, Clifford P., Jr., 94
    • Ceausescu, Nicolae, 111
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (see also Intelligence Memoranda):
      • Office of Economic Research reports, ER–77–10049, “China: Economic Situation Facing the New Leadership,” 4
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 226
    • Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 101, 202
    • Chad, 48, 138
    • Chai Chengwen, 290, 291, 292, 294, 310
    • Ch’ai Tse-min. See Chai Zemin.
    • Chai Zemin (Ch’ai Tse-min):
    • Chang, Vivian, 313
    • Chang Wen-chin. See Zhang Wenjin.
    • Chao Chi-hua. See Zhao Jihua.
    • Chen Dehe, 247
    • Chen Hsi-lien, 153
    • Chen Hui, 209, 264, 266
    • Chen Lai, 310
    • Chen, Nancy, 133
    • Chen, Richard, 209, 247
    • Chen Zhu (Chen Chu), 62, 117, 138, 278
    • Chiang Ching-kuo. See Jiang Jingguo.
    • Chiang Kai-shek. See Jiang Jieshi.
    • Chiang Kai-shek, Madame. See Jiang Jieshi, Madame.
    • Chiang Yang-shih. See Jang Yanshi.
    • Chi Chaochu (Chi Ch’ao-chu), 264, 266
    • Chien Chi-chen. See Jian Jizhen.
    • Chien Fu (Frederick). See Jian Fu.
    • China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, 51
    • Chinese Academy of Medicine, 144
    • Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs (CPIFA), 35, 53
    • Chou En-lai. See Zhou Enlai
    • Chou Pei-yuan. See Zhou Beiyuan.
    • Christopher, Warren M.:
      • Cabinet meetings, 245
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 213
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • Muskie–Chai Zemin meetings, 323
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 217, 218, 219, 221
      • Taiwan mission, 179, 181, 183
      • Taiwan Relations Act, 235
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 175, 183
      • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan, 74, 183
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 174, 175
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 287
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 238, 287
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense termination, 180, 181, 183
      • Vance China visit (1977), 52
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 304
    • Chu Chi-chen. See Zhu Qizhen.
    • Chun Hui, 313
    • Church, Frank F., 225, 230, 241
    • Claims issue. See Private claims/blocked assets.
    • Clarke, Bruce C., 280
    • Clarke, William, 133
    • Claytor, W. Graham, Jr., 287, 295, 320
    • Cleland, Max, 245
    • Clift, A. Denis, 66, 174, 221, 262, 264, 265, 266, 310
    • Cline, Ray S., 114
    • Cochrane, James, 237, 243
    • COCOM. See U.S.–PRC technology transfer.
    • Cohen, William S., 191
    • Colm, Peter W., 231
    • Commerce, U.S. Department of, 144, 229, 237
    • Comprehensive test ban (CTB) (see also Arms control), 21, 25, 47, 68
    • Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), 21, 25
    • Congress, U.S. (see also Taiwan Relations Act):
      • China delegation visits:
        • Brademas/Schweiker delegation, 25, 27, 51, 131
        • Church delegation, 241
        • Cranston delegation, 77
        • Nunn delegation, 176, 191
        • Reuss/Bentsen delegation, 91
        • Ullman delegation, 234
        • Wolff delegation, 129
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201
      • Korea, 84, 92, 94
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 306
      • Private claims/blocked assets, 225
      • Taiwan Lobby and, 40
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization and (see also U.S. public opinion under) U.S.–PRC relations normalization), 35, 41, 48, 53, 99, 119
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 288
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 189, 190, 264, 278
      • U.S.-Taiwanese relations, 34, 41, 55, 99, 174
      • Wolff hearings, 59
    • Cooper, Richard N., 228, 238, 244, 245, 305
    • Costle, Douglas M., 245, 263
    • Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEMA), 130, 152
    • Cranston, Alan, 77
    • Cronkite, Walter, 2
    • Cross, Charles T., 276
    • Cuba (see also Cuba as Soviet proxy):
    • Cuba as Soviet proxy:
    • Cutler, Lloyd, 287
    • Cutter, W. Bowman, 238
    • Cyprus, 47, 203, 204
    • Eastern Europe:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • East-West Planning Group, 193
    • Ecevit, Bulent, 203
    • Eidenberg, Gene, 245
    • Einhorn, Jessica, 305
    • Eizenstat, Stuart L., 66, 245
    • Energy, U.S. Department of, 164, 257
    • Erb, Guy F., 243
    • Ericson, Richard A., Jr., 57, 78
    • Eritrea, 138, 202
    • Ermarth, Fritz, 193
    • Ethiopia (see also Ogaden War), 138
    • Europe. See Eastern Europe; North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
    • Export-Import Bank credits for PRC:
      • Blumenthal China visit (1979) discussions, 224, 225
      • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
      • Kang Shien U.S. visit discussions, 247
      • Miller memoranda, 324
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 228, 229
      • Presidential Determination, 307
      • Tarnoff memoranda, 298
      • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee discussions, 324
    • Ilichev, Leonid, 13, 111
    • Inderfurth, Karl Frederick (Rick):
      • Human rights issues, 145
      • PRC foreign policy, 130
      • PRC political situation, 153
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 80
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 59, 84, 98, 174, 186
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 165
    • India:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 292
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201, 202, 204
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 304
    • Indian Ocean demilitarization proposals, 21, 25
    • Indochina. See Cambodia; Cambodian-Vietnamese war; Sino-Vietnamese relations; Sino-Vietnamese war; Soviet-Vietnamese relations; Vietnam.
    • Inman, Bobby Ray, 268
    • Intelligence Appraisals, IAPPR 336–77, “PRC: Military Contacts and Modernization of the PLA,” 65
    • Intelligence Assessments:
      • PA 79–10200D, “China-Vietnam: Territorial and Jurisdictional Disputes,” 239
      • PA 79–10314, “Deng Xiaoping and China’s Leadership: Making More Room at the Top,” 255
      • RP 77–10328, “Policy Issues in the Post-Mao Leadership,” 69
      • RP 78–10267C, “The Peking-Hanoi-Phnom Penh Triangle,” 125
      • RP 78–10392, “Collective Leadership and Policymaking in Post-Mao China,” 140
    • Intelligence Memoranda:
      • “International Reactions To a Normalization of US–PRC Relations,” 39
      • RP 77–10038, “The Value of the United States to China’s National Security,” 14
    • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, NI IIM 78–10024, “Sino-Soviet Cooperation in Indochina,” 152
    • Interior, U.S. Department of, 144, 257
    • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank), 243, 305, 306
    • International Communications Agency (ICA), 164, 240
    • International Monetary Fund (IMF), 305, 306
    • Iran:
    • Israel (see also Middle East), 70, 151
    • Kahn, Fred, 245
    • Kalicki, Jan H., 22
    • Kampuchea. See Cambodia; Cambodian-Vietnamese war.
    • Kang Shien. See Gang Xian.
    • Kao Chien-chung. See Gao Jianzhong.
    • Kardelj, Edvard, 50, 62
    • Katz, Julius L., 189, 228, 238
    • Keatley, Anne, 164
    • Keegan, Maj. Gen. George J., Jr., 204
    • Kelley, Cmdr., 218
    • Kennedy, Edward M., 53
    • Kenya, 48, 138
    • Khrushchev, Nikita, 100, 106, 108, 109, 110, 278, 290
    • Kim Dong-jo, 92
    • Kim Il-sung, 30, 191, 265
    • Kirbo, Charles, 41
    • Kissinger, Henry A. (see also Nixon–Kissinger China visit records), 2, 27
    • Klutznick, Philip M., 302, 315
    • Kneeland, Douglas E., 122
    • Komer, Robert W., 71, 290, 291, 292, 294, 304, 325
    • Korea:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 286, 290
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 242
      • Brzezinski China visit and, 100
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 111, 112, 113
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 95, 199
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 204
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • Hua Guofeng North Korea visit, 102, 109, 111
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84, 246
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • Platt/Holbrooke China visit discussions, 252
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 303, 304
    • Koreagate, 84, 94
    • Kreisberg, Paul, 78, 88
    • Kreps, Juanita M.:
    • Kriangsak Chamanan, 196, 217, 270
    • Kuo Chia-ting. See Guo Jiading.
    • Namibia, 48, 50, 138
    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 144
    • National Cancer Institute, 144
    • National Council for U.S.-China Trade, 18, 51
    • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, NIAM 43–1–77, “The Prospects for Taiwan After Normalization,” 38
    • National Intelligence Estimates, NIE 11/13–80, “Sino-Soviet Relations in the Early 1980’s,” 312
    • National Science Foundation, 144, 164, 257
    • National Security Council (NSC), Meetings, 214, 287
    • National Security Decision Memoranda (NSDM):
      • NSDM 246, “End-Use Information Required by US and COCOM Export Controls,” 24
      • NSDM 247, “US Policy on the Export of Computers to Communist Countries,” 24
    • Negroponte, John D., 323
    • Nemirow, Sam, 238
    • Newsom, David D., 147, 185, 203, 217, 218, 221, 278
    • Nguyen Co Thach, 138
    • Nigeria, 48
    • Nixon, Richard M. (see also Nixon–Kissinger China visit records), 27, 175, 178
    • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records (see also Shanghai Communiqué):
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 16, 20, 28, 98
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 50
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
    • Ni Yaoli (Ni Yao-li), 108, 109, 247, 310
    • Noren, James H., 73
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Comprehensive Net Assessment and Military Force Posture Review, 47, 50
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 203, 204
      • PRC briefing proposals, 59
      • Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks, 266
      • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle and, 71
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
    • Notargiacomo, Joe, 78
    • Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act (1978), 93
    • Nuclear proliferation. See Nuclear weapons.
    • Nuclear weapons (see also Arms control):
    • Nunn, Samuel A., 176, 191
    • Nye, Joseph, 22
    • Nyerere, Julius, 48, 204
    • Pakistan (see also U.S. military aid to Pakistan):
    • Palestinians. See Middle East.
    • Paley, William, 2
    • Panama Canal, 48, 59, 108, 110, 122, 178
    • Park, Chung Hee, 49, 204
    • Park, Tongsun, 84, 94
    • Peng Chen. See Beng Zhen.
    • P’eng Chin-po. See Peng Jinbo.
    • Peng Dehuai (P’eng Te-huai), 158
    • Peng Di, 203
    • Peng Jinbo (P’eng Chin-po), 66, 133
    • Peng Jinho, 247
    • P’eng Te-huai. See Peng Dehuai.
    • People’s Republic of China (PRC) (see also PRC peaceful intent assurances; PRC political situation; U.S. military aid to PRC; U.S.–PRC relations; U.S.–PRC relations normalization; U.S.–PRC security cooperation; U.S.–PRC technology transfer; U.S.–PRC trade relations):
    • Perkins, Dwight H., 100
    • Perry, William J., 71, 253, 320
    • Pham Van Dong, 265
    • Phan Hien, 270
    • Philippines, 47
    • Phillips, Christopher H., 2
    • Pickering, Tom, 164
    • Pillsbury, Michael, 284
    • Pimentel, George, 164
    • Pinckney, Col. T. C., 78
    • Pinyin romanization system, 161
    • Platt, Nicholas:
      • Brown China visit, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294
      • China visit, 252
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • Korea, 246
      • U.S. economic aid to PRC, 243
      • U.S. military aid to PRC, 325
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 174
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 301
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 134
    • Policy Review Committee:
    • Pol Pot (Saloth Sar), 152, 264, 265, 275, 278
    • Popple, Paul M., 23
    • Porpora, Jeannette, 47, 48
    • Portugal, 121
    • Powell, Jody:
    • Pratt, Mark S., 276
    • PRC foreign policy:
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 30
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 137
      • Intelligence Assessments, 69
      • Intelligence Memoranda, 14
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 130
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49
      • Woodcock memoranda, 297
    • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 243, 305, 306
    • PRC peaceful intent assurances:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 111, 112, 113, 118
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 1, 31, 318
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 123
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance memoranda, 119
      • Woodcock–Huang Hua discussions, 230
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 121, 159, 162
    • PRC political situation:
      • Blumenthal memoranda, 18
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • Intelligence Assessments, 69, 140, 255
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 112, 128, 153, 158
      • Woodcock memoranda, 261
    • Presidential Determinations, No. 80–1, “Determination under Subsection 2(b)(2) of the Export-Import Bank of 1945, as Amended—People’s Republic of China,” 307
    • Presidential Directives:
      • PD 18, “U.S. National Strategy,” 59, 108
      • PD 43, “US-China Scientific and Technological Relationships,” 150, 263
    • Presidential Review Committee, 305
    • Presidential Review Memoranda:
    • Press, Frank:
    • Private claims/blocked assets:
      • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • Carter memoranda, 26
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208, 209
      • Final agreement, 244
      • Habib–Huang Zhen discussions, 13
      • Holbrooke–Han Xu discussions, 27
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190, 238
      • Roy memoranda, 222
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 53
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21
      • Woodcock memoranda, 234
    • Pu Shouchang, 202, 203, 204, 208, 209
    • Pustay, Lt. Gen. John, 305
    • Putchman, Alan, 189
    • Pye, Lucian W., 100
    • Qian Dayong (Tsien Ta-yung), 2, 5, 13, 21, 27
    • Qian Jiadong (Tsien Chia-tung), 62
    • Qian Xusen, 293
    • Quaksenburgh, Col. Robert, 174
    • Quandt, William B., 101
    • Sadat, Anwar, 202, 204, 249, 292
    • Safire, William, 59
    • Samuel, Howard, 238
    • Saunders, Harold H., 175, 218
    • Saylor, Thomas, 228
    • Schecter, Jerrold, 202
    • Schlesinger, James R.:
    • Schmidt, Helmut, 68, 233
    • Schwartz, Teresa, 245
    • Schweiker, Richard, 25, 27
    • Scranton, William, 59
    • Seignious, Lt. Gen. George M., 280, 290, 291
    • Seitz, Raymond G.H., 298
    • Senkaku incident (1978), 106, 109
    • Seton-Watson, Hugh, 101
    • Shanghai Communiqué (Feb. 1972):
    • Shen, James Changhuan:
    • Shen Jo-yun. See Shen Ruoyun.
    • Shen Ruoyun (Shen Jo-yun), 89
    • Shih Yen-hua. See Shi Yanhua.
    • Shirk, Susan L., 145
    • Shi Yanhua (Shih Yen-hua), 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 62, 111, 166, 168
    • Shoesmith, Thomas P., 187, 281
    • Shu Erwei (Shu Erh-wei), 138
    • Shulman, Marshall D., 193, 215
    • Sick, Gary, 101, 217, 218
    • Sihanouk, Norodom (Prince of Cambodia), 264, 265, 292
    • Singh, Charan, 265
    • Sino-Japanese relations:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 111
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin discussions, 129
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 128, 130
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
    • Sino-Soviet relations (see also U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle), 3
      • Border conflicts, 102
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143
      • East-West Planning Group discussions, 193
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 266
      • National Intelligence Estimates, 312
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 3, 128, 130
      • Revisionism dispute, 281
      • Sino-Vietnamese war and, 231
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation and, 233, 251
    • Sino-Vietnamese relations:
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 113, 126
      • Intelligence Assessments, 125
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 112
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance memoranda, 270
      • Woodcock memoranda, 275
    • Sino-Vietnamese war, 213
      • Blumenthal China visit discussions, 223
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 199, 220
      • Bureau of Intelligence and Research reports, 231
      • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Deng Xiaoping correspondence, 212, 216
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 227
      • CIA research paper, 226
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 205, 206, 207
      • Intelligence Assessments, 239
      • NSC discussions, 214
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 215
      • SCC discussions, 217, 218, 219, 221
    • Smith, Brig. Gen. Carl, 290, 291, 292
    • Smith, Ian, 49, 50, 62
    • Smith, Michael B., 189
    • Smith, Mort, 164
    • Smithsonian Institution, 257
    • Smith, Terry, 245
    • Smith, Lt. Gen. William Y.:
    • Snow, Edgar, 85
    • Solarz, Stephen J., 94
    • Solomon, Anthony, 228, 238, 247
    • Somalia (see also Ogaden War), 96
    • Sonada Sunao, 137, 138, 265
    • Song Zhenming, 247
    • Sonnenfeldt Doctrine, 49, 50
    • Soong, James, 54, 114, 173
    • Soviet foreign policy (see also Cuba as Soviet proxy; Sino-Soviet relations; Soviet policy in Africa; Soviet-Vietnamese relations; Soviet war in Afghanistan; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle; U.S.-Soviet relations):
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 292, 294
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 118
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 251
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 204
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265, 266
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Nunn–Deng Xiaoping discussions, 191
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 130
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49, 52
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25, 68
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 303
    • Soviet policy in Africa:
      • Brown memoranda, 83
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 112
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 204
      • Ogaden War, 21, 25, 83
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 117
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25
      • Vance memoranda, 199
    • Soviet Union (see also Soviet foreign policy; Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle; U.S.-Soviet relations):
    • Soviet-Vietnamese relations:
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 126
      • Bureau of Intelligence and Research reports, 231
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 202, 205
      • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, 152
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264, 265
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 130
      • SCC discussions, 221
      • State Department discussions, 197
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Woodcock memoranda, 275
    • Soviet war in Afghanistan:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 292, 294
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng discussions, 313
      • Carter–Watson discussions, 311
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit discussions, 310
      • Olympic Games boycott and, 296, 304
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit discussions, 304
    • Special Coordination Committee Ad Hoc Group on China, 174, 195, 280
    • Special Coordination Committee (SCC), 194, 213, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221
    • Stevenson, Adlai E., III, 225
    • Stever, H. Guyford, 263
    • Stoddard, Phillip H., 231
    • Stone, Richard, 40
    • Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks (see also Arms control):
      • Brown memoranda, 83
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 163, 242
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 110, 113
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 96
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143
      • Brzezinski–Woodcock discussions, 77
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 204, 208
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • Moe memoranda, 104
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 266
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 123
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21, 25, 68
      • Vance memoranda, 119
    • Stratton, Samuel Studdiford, 84, 92, 94
    • Strauss, Robert S., 134, 189, 209, 228, 247, 249
    • Sudan, 48
    • Suharto, Mohammed, 175
    • Sullivan, Roger W.:
      • Brown China visit, 280
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin meetings, 299
      • Bush China visit (1980), 316
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • Geng Biao U.S. visit, 310
      • PRC IMF/World Bank participation, 305
      • Taiwanese nuclear capabilities, 11
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 328
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 174, 308
      • U.S.–PRC technology transfer, 301
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 133, 177, 228
      • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense termination, 180
      • Vance China visit Taiwan government briefing, 54
      • Vance–Han Nianlong meetings, 278
      • Zhang Wenjin U.S. visit, 303
    • Sun Ping, 313
    • Sun Suochang, 236
    • Sun, Y. S., 183
    • Sylvester, John, Jr. , 231
    • Taiwan (see also PRC peaceful intent assurances; Republic of China; Taiwan status issue; U.S.-Taiwanese relations):
    • Taiwan Lobby, 40, 53, 59, 145
    • Taiwan omnibus legislation. See Taiwan Relations Act.
    • Taiwan Public Relations Act, 234
    • Taiwan Relations Act (TRA):
    • Taiwan status issue:
      • Brown memoranda, 6
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 111
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Carter–Huang Zhen discussions, 5
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Joint communiqué on, 36, 46, 142
      • Lord–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
      • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records, 16, 98
      • PRM 24 on, 24
      • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 54
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
      • Vance memoranda, 26
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 159
    • Takeiri, Yoshikatsu, 158
    • Talmadge, Herman E., 94
    • Tang Wensheng (T’ang Wen-sheng) (Nancy), 2, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 167
    • Tanzania, 204
    • Taraki, Nur Mohammad, 101
    • Tarnoff, Peter R., 47, 67, 78, 82, 253, 298, 307
    • Teng Hsiao-p’ing. See Deng Xiaoping.
    • Thailand, 252, 278, 313
    • Thayer, Harry E. T.:
      • Brzezinski China visit, 88, 115
      • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 185
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit, 203
      • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 182, 187
      • U.S. military aid to Taiwan, 78
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, 176
      • Vance China visit (1977), 47, 48, 49, 51
      • Vance–Huang Hua meetings, 62, 117, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen meetings, 21
    • Thomas, John, 164
    • Thornton, Thomas, 60, 61, 63, 101
    • Tibet, 41, 264, 311
    • Tien Yu. See Dian Yu.
    • Ting Yuan-hung. See Ding Yuanhong.
    • Tito, Josip Broz, 62
    • Tolstikov, Vasily, 102
    • Toon, Malcolm, 215
    • Tower, John, 40
    • Trade Act (1974) (see also Jackson–Vanik Amendment), 17, 232, 243
    • Transportation, U.S. Department of, 257
    • Treasury, U.S. Department of, 229
    • Trilateral Commission, 2
    • Tsao Kuei-sheng. See Cao Guisheng.
    • Tsien Chia-tung. See Xian Jiadong.
    • Tsien Ta-yung. See Xian Dayong.
    • Turkey (see also Cyprus), 106, 203
    • Turner, Adm. Stansfield:
      • Cabinet meetings, 245
      • Cambodian-Vietnamese war, 155, 197
      • Sino-Vietnamese war, 214, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221
      • U.S.–PRC relations, PRM 24 policy options, 24, 32, 34
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization, Intelligence Memoranda, 39
      • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation, 150, 263
      • U.S.–PRC trade relations, Policy Review Committee discussions, 189
      • Vietnam relations normalization, 155
    • Turner, Brian, 228
    • Tyler, Patrick, 131
    • Ullman, Albert C., 234
    • Unger, Leonard S.:
    • United Nations:
    • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee, 177, 189, 198, 225, 319, 324
    • U.S. diplomatic relations with PRC. See U.S.–PRC relations normalization.
    • U.S.-Japanese relations:
      • Blumenthal visit, 225
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 9
      • Brzezinski China visit and, 100
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • Fukuda visit, 21
      • Kreps visit, 245
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 49
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance memoranda, 26
    • U.S. military aid to Pakistan, 304
    • U.S. military aid to PRC (see also U.S.–PRC security cooperation; U.S.–PRC technology transfer), 31, 71, 289, 325, 326
    • U.S. military aid to Taiwan:
      • Brown China visit discussions, 290, 295
      • Brown memoranda, 179
      • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 111, 112, 113, 118
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 122
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 95, 147, 148, 172, 181
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 141
      • Christopher Taiwan mission discussions, 183
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208
      • Gleysteen memoranda, 57
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41, 94, 175
      • McGiffert memoranda, 90
      • Muskie–Chai Zemin discussions, 323
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59, 80, 81
      • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
      • State–Defense memoranda, 78, 80, 82
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Sullivan memoranda, 328
      • Unger–Jiang Jingguo discussions, 151
      • Vance memoranda, 26, 285
      • Woodcock memoranda, 241
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 119, 121, 159, 162, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170
    • U.S. military capabilities, 47, 49, 108
    • U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan:
      • Armacost memoranda, 55, 132
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 179
      • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 1, 31, 103, 181
      • Christopher memoranda, 74
      • Christopher Taiwan mission discussions, 183
      • Duncan memoranda, 72, 76
      • Nixon–Kissinger China visit records, 16
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
      • PRM 24 on, 24, 32
      • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48, 50
      • Vance memoranda, 26
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 166
    • U.S. policy in Asia:
      • Brown memoranda, 9
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 143, 309
      • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
      • East-West Planning Group discussions, 193
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94, 309
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 265
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Nixon–Oksenberg discussions, 175
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
      • Vance memoranda, 26
    • U.S. political situation:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108
      • High-level meeting discussions, 94
      • McGiffert memoranda, 90
      • Moe memoranda, 104
      • National Security Council scope paper, 106
      • Presidential elections (1980), 316, 317
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 50
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges (see also U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation), 51, 113
      • Brzezinski directive, 254
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 122
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208, 209
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 137
      • Kreps–Chai Zemin discussions, 133
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 254
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 112, 128
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 240
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 117
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21
    • U.S.–PRC relations (see also China delegation visits under) Congress, U.S.; Nixon–Kissinger China visit records; Private claims/blocked assets; U.S.–PRC relations normalization; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle):
    • U.S.–PRC relations normalization:
      • Armacost memoranda, 55
      • Brown memoranda, 6, 9, 83
      • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
      • Brzezinski–Chai Zemin discussions, 163
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 116, 118
      • Brzezinski–Han Xu discussions, 122
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 95, 98, 126, 143
      • Brzezinski–Woodcock discussions, 77
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Carter memoranda, 43
      • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 35, 77, 141
      • High-level meetings, 41, 42, 94, 123
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin discussions, 129
      • Implementation (see also Joint communiqué below); Post-normalization implementation under) U.S.-Taiwanese relations):
        • Agreements (Sept. 1980), 319
        • Brown memoranda, 179
        • Carter high-level meeting discussions, 175
        • Carter–Hua Guofeng correspondence, 185
        • Carter–Nixon correspondence, 178
        • Carter speech (Dec. 15, 1978), 171
        • Consular relations agreement, 208, 210, 250, 254, 264 , 319
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 209
        • Intelligence community, 308
        • Nixon–Oksenberg discussions, 175
        • Nunn China visit, 176, 191
        • PRC claims to Taiwan government property, 176, 182 , 183 , 184 , 187 , 264
        • SCC Ad Hoc Group on China discussions, 174
        • SCC discussions, 194
        • U.S.–Taiwan discussions, 171, 173
        • Vance–Chai Zemin discussions, 176
        • Vance memoranda, 199
        • Woodcock ambassadorship, 194
      • Intelligence Memoranda, 39
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Joint communiqué:
      • Kreps–Chai Zemin discussions, 133
      • Mark memoranda, 160
      • McGiffert memoranda, 90
      • Moe memoranda, 104
      • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, 38
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 84
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 3, 59, 81, 85, 131, 138
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
      • PRC-Japanese discussions, 158
      • PRM 24 on, 24, 34
      • Soviet responses, 201
      • State/NSC memoranda, 92
      • Taiwan Lobby and, 40, 59
      • Unger memoranda, 8
      • U.S. public opinion:
        • Brown–Woodcock discussions, 35
        • Moe memoranda, 104
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 36, 53, 59, 123
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
        • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
        • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48
        • Vance memoranda, 26
      • U.S.-Taiwan discussions, 7, 10, 54, 56, 114, 115
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47, 48, 49, 50
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 62, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 2
      • Vance memoranda, 26
      • Woodcock–Deng Xiaoping meetings, 162, 163, 166, 167, 168, 170
      • Woodcock talks:
    • U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation (see also U.S.–PRC technology transfer):
    • U.S.–PRC security cooperation (see also Brown China visit):
    • U.S.–PRC technology transfer (see also U.S.–PRC scientific/technological cooperation):
    • U.S.–PRC trade relations, 278
      • Blumenthal China visit (1979), 177, 219, 223, 224, 225, 234
      • Blumenthal memoranda, 18, 232
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 15, 19, 31, 134, 143, 302
      • Cabinet meeting discussions, 245
      • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 208, 209
      • Export licenses, 232, 237, 264, 269
      • Grain agreement, 321, 322, 323
      • Kang Shien U.S. visit, 247
      • Kreps–Chai Zemin meetings, 133
      • Kreps China visit, 228, 236, 238, 244, 245
      • Kreps memoranda, 17
      • Mondale China visit discussions, 264, 266
      • Most Favored Nation status:
        • Blumenthal China visit (1979) discussions, 224
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 31, 256
        • Carter–Blumenthal discussions, 225
        • Kang Shien U.S. visit discussions, 247
        • Kreps–Chai Zemin discussions, 133
        • Kreps China visit discussions, 244
        • Kreps memoranda, 17
        • Mondale China visit discussions, 264
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 228, 229, 238
        • SCC discussions, 194
        • Vance memoranda, 199
        • Woodcock memoranda, 236
      • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 139
      • NSC discussions, 287
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190, 228, 238
      • Strauss China visit, 247, 249
      • Tarnoff memoranda, 298
      • Textile agreement, 319
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 134
        • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 199
        • Kreps China visit discussions, 244
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 228, 238
        • Strauss China visit discussions, 249
        • Woodcock memoranda, 250
      • Trade agreement, 278
        • Blumenthal China visit (1979) discussions, 177, 224
        • Blumenthal memoranda, 232
        • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 241
        • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 196, 208
        • Erb memoranda, 243
        • Kreps China visit discussions, 236, 244
        • Mondale China visit discussions, 264
        • National Security Council Staff memoranda, 139
        • Oksenberg memoranda, 248
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 189, 190, 228, 229, 238
        • Strauss memoranda, 249
        • Woodcock memoranda, 236, 250
      • U.S.-China Joint Economic Committee, 177, 189, 198, 225, 319, 324
      • Vance/Brown/Brzezinski memoranda, 99
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 51
    • U.S. presidential elections (1980), 316, 317
    • U.S.–ROC Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Atomic Energy (1972), 22
    • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation, 7
    • U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense (see also U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan):
      • Brown memoranda, 9
      • Carter–Woodcock discussions, 141
      • Habib–Shen discussions, 7
      • Holbrooke memoranda, 124
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Joint communiqué on, 142
      • Oksenberg memoranda, 59
      • Termination of, 180, 181, 183, 194
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48
      • Vance–Shen discussions, 56
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 166, 167, 168
    • U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle:
    • U.S.-Soviet relations (see also Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) talks; U.S.-Soviet-PRC triangle):
      • Brzezinski China visit notification, 97
      • Carter–Brezhnev correspondence, 214, 219
      • Carter–Brezhnev meetings, 251
      • Carter–Watson discussions, 311
      • Habib–Huang Zhen discussions, 13
      • Security cooperation, 9
      • Trade relations, 189, 190, 225, 232, 256, 266
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization responses, 201
      • U.S.–PRC security cooperation and, 251, 272, 273, 312
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 49, 50
      • Vance memoranda, 271
      • Vance Soviet Union visit (1977), 21, 25
      • Vance Soviet Union visit (1978), 96
    • U.S.-Taiwanese relations (see also Taiwan Relations Act; U.S. military withdrawal from Taiwan; U.S.–ROC Treaty of Mutual Defense):
      • Armacost memoranda, 55
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 109, 118
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 31
      • Brzezinski–Woodcock discussions, 77
      • Carter–Chai Zemin discussions, 135
      • Cranston proposal, 77
      • Habib–Shen meetings, 7, 8, 10, 56
      • High-level meeting discussions, 41
      • Holbrooke–Shen meetings, 115
      • JCS memoranda, 154
      • Legal issues, 99
      • National Intelligence Analytical Memoranda, 38
      • News conference (Jan. 31, 1977), 7
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 34
      • Post-normalization implementation (see also Taiwan Relations Act):
      • Republican Party platform, 316
      • Taiwan Lobby and, 40
      • Trade relations, 38
      • Unger–Jiang Jingguo meetings, 11, 114, 151
      • Unger–Shen meetings, 56, 114
      • U.S. nuclear non-proliferation demarché, 93
      • U.S.–PRC relations normalization discussions, 7, 10, 54, 56, 114, 115
      • U.S. public opinion, 26, 35, 48, 53, 99, 104
      • Vance China visit briefing, 44, 45, 54
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 48
      • Vance memoranda, 119
      • Woodcock talk discussions, 127, 149, 159, 162, 166
      • Wording change, 161
    • U.S.-Vietnamese relations normalization:
      • Brzezinski China visit discussions, 112, 113
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 126, 143
      • Deng Xiaoping U.S. visit discussions, 201
      • Holbrooke–Chai Zemin discussions, 129
      • Turner memoranda, 155
      • Vance China visit (1977) discussions, 47
      • Vance–Huang Hua discussions, 138
      • Vance–Huang Zhen discussions, 21