Interest of the United States in a regional alliance of East Asian and Pacific powers; negotiation of a mutual defense treaty with the Philippines and a security treaty with Australia and New Zealand 1

1. For previous documentation, see Foreign Relations, 1950, vol. vi, pp. 1 ff. and pp. 1109 ff., respectively. The latter compilation contains the greater part of the documentation regarding proposals which closely preceded those at the outset of the present compilation.


[32] Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Consultant ( Allison ) to the Ambassador’ at Large ( Jessup )

Lot 56D527: Office of Northeast Asian Affairs


[41] The Secretary of State to the United States Political Adviser to SCAP ( Sebald )

790.5/1–3151: Telegram


[44] The Ambassador in Indonesia ( Cochran ) to the Secretary of State

790.5/2–351: Telegram


[47] The Secretary of State to the United States Political Adviser to SCAP ( Sebald )

694.001/2–851: Telegram


[49] The British Embassy to the Department of State

790.5/2–1451


[50] Memorandum by Mr. Robert A. Fearey of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs

Lot 54D423: John Foster Dulles Peace Treaty File


[52] Memorandum by Mr. Robert A. Fearey of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs

Lot 54D423


[53] Memorandum by Mr. Robert A. Fearey of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs

Lot 54D423


[54] Draft of Security Treaty

Lot 54D423


[57] The Secretary of State to the Embassy in Australia

790.5/3–1351: Telegram


[58] The Ambassador in the Philippines ( Cowen ) to the Secretary of State

694.001/3–1551: Telegram


[59] The Secretary of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

694.001/3–3051: Telegram


[60] The Ambassador in Indonesia ( Cochran ) to the Secretary of State

694.001/4–451: Telegram


[61] The Secretary of State to the Secretary of Defense ( Marshall )

694.001/4–551

  1. Sir Percy Spender states that the talks between himself, Mr. Dulles, and F. W. Doidge (New Zealand’s Minister of External Affairs and Island Territories) began with the arrival of Mr. Dulles in Australia February 14 and continued through part of February 18. No memoranda of conversations held in Canberra February 14–15 or February 18 have been found in Department of State files. Sir Percy describes the talks held February 14–15, as well as the conversations of the following days, in detail. Certain discrepancies, largely with regard to the sequence of discussions, exist between his account of the conversations of February 16–17 and that contained in this and the two following documents. (Sir Percy Spender, Exercises in Diplomacy: The ANZUS Treaty and the Colombo Plan (New York: New York University Press, 1969), pp. 112133,147161.)