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Psychological and Political Warfare


241. Memorandum From the General Counsel of the Central Intelligence Agency (Houston) to Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/HC-805, Item 12. Secret. Attached to a brief transmittal note from Houston to Hillenkoetter summarizing the contents. See the Supplement.


242. Memorandum From the Secretary of the State–Army–Navy–Air Force Coordinating Committee (Moseley) to the Under Secretary of State (Lovett)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Records of the State-War-Navy Coordinating Committee, Box 55, File 304, 381, Psychological Warfare Pt. 1. Secret.


243. Memorandum by the Army Member of the State–Army–Navy–Air Force Coordinating Committee (Pixtou)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Records of the State–War–Navy Coordinating Committee, Box 55, File 304, 381, Psychological Warfare Pt. 1. Secret. Transmitted under an October 20 transmittal note from the committee secretariat.


244. Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter to the State–Army–Navy–Air Force Coordinating Committee

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Records of the State–War–Navy Coordinating Committee, Box 55, File 304, 381, Psychological Warfare Pt. 1. Secret.


245. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Souers) to Secretary of Defense Forrestal

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Records of the State–War–Navy Coordinating Committee, Box 55, File 304, 381, Psychological Warfare Pt. 1. Secret.


246. Memorandum From the Assistant Executive Secretary (Lay) to the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Souers)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC 10/2. Top Secret.


247. Memorandum From the Deputy Director (Wright) to Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/HC–807, Item 4. Secret.


248. Memorandum From the Deputy Director (Wright) to Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/HC–807, Item 4. Secret.


249. Report by an Ad Hoc Subcommittee of the State–Army–Navy–Air Force Coordinating Committee

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of the Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Records of the State–War–Navy Coordinating Committee, Box 55, File 304, 381, Psychological Warfare Pt. 2. Top Secret. Although dated November 7, SANACC amended and approved the report on November 13, and the last 2 pages of the source text bear the typed notation “Revised 13 November 1947.” The source text is an enclosure to two memoranda, neither printed. (Ibid.) The first is a November 13 covering note from the SANACC secretaries explaining the changes. The latter is another note by the SANACC secretaries, dated November 7, which indicates that the text amended and approved by SANACC was a revised version of the report originally submitted by the ad hoc committee on November 3 and designated as SANACC 304/10. (Ibid.) See the Supplement for SANACC 304/10.


250. Memorandum of Discussion at the 2d Meeting of the National Security Council

Source: Truman Library, Papers of Harry S. Truman, President’s Secretary’s Files, Subject File. Top Secret.


251. Memorandum From the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (Wright) to the Chief of the Interagency Coordinating and Planning Staff, Central Intelligence Agency (Childs)

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/HS–74, Item 1. Top Secret.


252. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary (Souers) to the Members of the National Security Council

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC Minutes, 4th Meeting. Confidential. Copies sent to the President, the Secretaries of State, Defense, the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, and the Chairman of the National Security Resources Board. For an early version of this document, see the memorandum from “REN” to Souers, November 25, and the two undated attachments (ibid.) in the Supplement.


253. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary (Souers) to the Members of the National Security Council

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC Minutes, 4th Meeting. Top Secret.


254. Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter to the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Souers)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC Minutes, 4th Meeting. Top Secret.


255. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary (Souers) to the National Security Council

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC Minutes, 4th Meeting. Top Secret.


256. Department of State Briefing Memorandum

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Executive Secretariat, NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 4. Top Secret. The date is handwritten on the source text. The memorandum has neither an addressee nor a sender, but presumably it was intended for Under Secretary Lovett, who was Acting Secretary at the time. The document is a briefing paper for the NSC meeting held December 17.


257. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Souers) to Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC Minutes, 4th Meeting. Top Secret. Central Intelligence Agency records contain a typescript copy that apparently was made from a signed copy; it is identical to the source text. (Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/CSG–773, Job 83–00036, Box 5, Folder 8) Also reproduced in CIA Cold War Records: The CIA under Harry Truman, pp.173–175.


258. Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter to the Assistant Director for Special Operations (Galloway)

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/CSG-917, Job 83–00036, Box 6, Folder 11. Top Secret.


259. Memorandum From the Director of the Policy Planning Staff (Kennan) to the Under Secretary of State (Lovett)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Decimal File 1945–49, 101.6/2–1748. Top Secret.


260. Office of Special Operations Directive No. 18/5 (Interim)

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/CSG-2154, Job 83–00739R, Box 3, Folder 19. Secret. On February 24 Office of Special Operations Personnel Order No. 25 announced the designation of Thomas G. Cassady as Chief of the Special Procedures Branch. (Ibid., HS/CSG-2155, Job 83–00739R, Box 3, Folder 20) See the Supplement.


261. Memorandum From the Chief of the Special Procedures Group(Cassady) to the Deputy Chief of the Special Procedures Group (Dulin)

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/CSG-609, Job 83–00036, Box 4, Folder 10. Secret.


262. Memorandum From Secretary of Defense Forrestal to the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Souers)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Policy Planning Staff Files 1947–53: Lot 64 D 563, Pol amp; Psych Warfare 1948–50, Box 11. Top Secret. On March 30 Souers sent Forrestal’s memorandum to NSC members, noting that it would be on the agenda of the April 2 meeting. (Ibid.) See the Supplement.


263. Office of Special Operations Directive No. 18/5

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/CSG-2154, Job 83–00739R, Box 3, Folder 19. Top Secret.


264. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs (Allen) to Acting Secretary of State Lovett

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Executive Secretariat, NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 4, Box 4205. Top Secret.


265. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Information and Educational Exchange (Stone) to Acting Secretary of State Lovett

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Executive Secretariat, NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 4. Top Secret. Following his handwritten initials above the subject line Stone wrote: “(In the absence of George Allen.)”


266. Memorandum for the President of Discussion at the 9th Meeting of the National Security Council

Source: Truman Library, Papers of Harry S. Truman, President’s Secretary’s Files, Subject File. Top Secret.


267. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary (Souers) to the Members of the National Security Council

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Executive Secretariat, NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 4, Box 4205. Top Secret. In a May 10 note to Lovett, Kennan referred to a report “made after the National Security Council Consultants had met with the Director of Central Intelligence to review the implementation of foreign information measures,” and he recommended that he be authorized informally to tell Souers that the Department approved the Consultants’ two recommendations. (Ibid., Policy Planning Staff Files, 1947–1953, Box 11A) See the Supplement. This referenced report is probably the source text.


268. Memorandum by the Chief of the Special Procedures Group, Central Intelligence Agency (Cassady)

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Historical Files, HS/CSG–909, Job 83–00036, Box 6, Folder 11. Secret. No addressee is indicated on the source text. A handwritten note on the source text reads: “Approximate Date—1 May 48.”


269. Policy Planning Staff Memorandum

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC 10/2. Top Secret. No drafting information appears on the source text. An earlier, similar version, April 30, is ibid., RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Policy Planning Staff Files 1944–47: Lot 64 D 563, Box 11. The Policy Planning Staff minutes for May 3 state: “There was a discussion of the Planning Staff Memorandum of April 30, 1948 on the inauguration of organized political warfare. This paper was generally approved and Mr. Kennan will present it tomorrow for discussion at a meeting of NSC consultants.” (Ibid., Box 32)


270. Draft Proposed NSC Directive

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 273, Records of the National Security Council, NSC 10/2.Top Secret. No drafting information appears on the source text. For another version, see the draft NSC directive, May 4 (ibid.), in the Supplement.


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