247. Memorandum From the Deputy Director (Wright) to Director of Central Intelligence Hillenkoetter 0
Washington, November 4, 1947.
- Psychological Warfare
- You are aware that I have been keeping in close touch with the subject of Psychological Warfare and the various studies being conducted in connection therewith. It now appears that the latest SANACC conclusions will be aired today in a full committee meeting. You (or your Deputy) have been invited to attend and I urgently recommend that you (or your Deputy) be fully briefed as to the desires of the NSC prior to this meeting.
- The subject of Psychological Warfare has been an active issue with
SWNCC since 6 June 1946 (see
SWNCC 304) and has been under
urgent consideration since the formation of SANACC. While techniques and organization of a
Psychological Warfare Agency have been argued pro and con, all parties
are agreed on the following:
- The present world situation requires the U.S. immediately to develop and utilize strong and concerted measures designed to produce psychological situations and effects favorable to the attainment of U.S. national objectives.
- The organization to carry out the proposed project should be operated within the framework of the National Security Council.
- At one period of the SWNCC (later
SANACC) studies there was
proposed an organization which, with minor changes, could efficiently
carry out the national program envisaged. (See paragraph 31 of SSE 1, 1
August 1947—SWNC Subcommittee Special Studies and Evaluations.) After
further studies were conducted, however, it has become apparent to me
that thought is being focused on another inter-departmental coordinating
committee completely unable to do an efficient job in this important
field. The SANACC ad hoc Committee on
Psychological Warfare has stated their latest proposal under date of 3
November in SANACC 304/10.1
This proposal would only provide, in my estimation, the following:
- An inter-departmental committee to sit over another inter-departmental committee with a “Director” in between.
- The nucleus of another national intelligence organization.
- As you know, I have recently discussed these matters with General
Donovan and other individuals
with wartime experience in Psychological Warfare organization and
technique. I urgently recommend that, if you and the NSC concur, we present to SANACC our views on this matter as follows:
- The immediate development of an organization, within the framework of the NSC, to implement both white and black psychological warfare designed to the attainment of U.S. national objectives.
- The proposed organization to be under the control and direction of a “Director” appointed by the President from military or civil life. (See Annex I, herewith.)
- “The Director” to be the chairman of a Planning and Policy board composed of representatives of the Departments of State, Army, Navy, Air, the Central Intelligence Agency, and such other government agencies whose participation may be necessary or desirable.
- The Organization be so established as to be easily merged into the Military Establishment in the event of war or threat of war.
- The necessary authority, guidance, information, and resources of manpower, funds, facilities, and materials be provided to enable the organization its efficient functioning in the achievement of national aims.
- The Organization to be authorized to merge into a national effort all activities and operations related to psychological warfare using established agencies where practicable.
- The Organization to be fully responsible for the planning, development, and coordination of all phases of the national program of radio, [Page 632] press, publications, and related propaganda activities involving the dissemination of information in the national interests.
E. K. Wright 2
Brigadier General, USA