Department of State Intelligence


72. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (McCarthy) to the Under Secretary of State (Acheson)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration—Subject Files, 1944–47: Lot 53 D 28, Box 15, Folder Nelson, Otto L. No classification marking.


73. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Decimal File 1945–49, 111.111/9–1245. Confidential; No Distribution; U.S. Urgent. Drafted by McCarthy. An incoming copy of this telegram bears the classification Secret. (Ibid., Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776) Byrnes was in London to attend the Council of Foreign Ministers meeting.


74. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Acheson to the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking. On September 27 Acheson announced the appointment of McCormack as Special Assistant to the Secretary of State in charge of research and intelligence. (Department of State Bulletin, September 30, 1945, p. 499)


75. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (McCarthy) to the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Decimal File 1945–49, 101.5/10–445. No classification marking.


76. Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Diplomatic Missions

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Decimal File 1945–49, 103.918/10–2245. Secret. Drafted by McCormack and cleared in OFS, NEA, EUR, and ARA, and by Donald Russell. Sent to Ankara, Athens, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chunking, London, New Delhi, Paris, Rome, Sofia, The Hague, Tirana, and Colombo for Yost. The time of transmission is handwritten on the source text.


77. Memorandum From Secretary of State Byrnes to the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack)

Source: Truman Library, Papers of J. Anthony Panuch. Top Secret.


78. Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Public and Cultural Relations (Benton)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Decimal File 1945–49, 101.5/10–2445. No classification marking.


79. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Public and Cultural Relations (Benton) to the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Decimal File 1945–49, 101.5/10–2445. No classification marking.


80. Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack) to the Under Secretary of State (Acheson)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking. The memorandum bears the handwritten annotation, “I shall be glad to help in any way. DA.”


81. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Russell) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Decimal File 1945–49, 101.5/11–345. No classification marking.


82. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Russell) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking. Also sent to Under Secretary Acheson.


83. Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking. Also sent to Under Secretary Acheson.


84. Memorandum From Secretary of State Byrnes to the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Russell)

Source: Truman Library, Papers of J. Anthony Panuch, State Department, Research and Intelligence, #1. No classification marking. A handwritten notation on the source text reads: “To General Nelson—For implementation and action. D.R.”


85. Report From the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Russell) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking. Attached to a February 25 covering memorandum in which Russell noted that it was in response to SC–185 and reminded Byrnes that according to his directive of January 5 ( Document 84) the issue was to be determined by Byrnes before March 1. The covering memorandum and the full text of the report are in the Supplement. SC–185, February 12, is not printed. (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Lot File No. 122, Records of the Secretary’s Staff Committee 1944–47) See the Supplement. This report, also known as the “Russell Plan,” is printed in Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Laws, 83d Congress, 1st Session, Hearings on Interlocking Subversion in Government Departments, part 13, pp. 865–867.

On February 25 Byrnes sent McCormack a note acknowledging one from McCormack and transmitting SC–185. Byrnes said: “I cannot make a decision in this matter by the 1st, and I will not do anything about it while you are away.” (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State)


86. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for American Republic Affairs (Braden) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking.


87. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Panuch) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Russell)

Source: Truman Library, Papers of J. Anthony Panuch, State Department, Research and Intelligence #2. Secret.


88. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Russell) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking. Also sent to Under Secretary Acheson. For a copy of Panuch’s handwritten note to McCormack enclosing a copy of Russell’s memorandum (ibid.), see the Supplement.


89. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Russell) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. No classification marking. Also sent to Under Secretary Acheson.


90. Letter From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (McCormack) to Secretary of State Byrnes

Source: Department of State Bulletin, May 5, 1946, pp. 778–779.


91. Minutes of the Eighth Meeting, Advisory Committee on Intelligence

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Lot File No. 122, Records of the Secretary’s Staff Committee 1944–47, Box 94. Secret.


92. Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (Eddy) to the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Peurifoy)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 353, Records of Interdepartmental and Intradepartmental Committees—State Department, Lot File No. 122, Records of the Secretary’s Staff Committee 1944-47, Box 94. Confidential.


93. Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Research and Intelligence (Eddy) to the Under Secretary of State (Acheson)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research: Lot 58 D 776, Birth of the Intelligence Organization in the Department of State. Secret.


94. Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Administration (Peurifoy) to the Under Secretary of State (Acheson) and Secretary of State Marshall

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Records of the Department of State, Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of State for Administration, Subject Files 1944–1947: Lot 53 D 28, Box 11. Secret. A handwritten note on the source text by Acheson reads: “I strongly recommend approval of the attached proposal. D.A.” At the bottom of the source text Marshall wrote: “O.K. G.C.M.”


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