No. 685.
Mr. King to Mr. Bayard .

No. 286.]

Sir: In connection with my dispatch No. 257, of October 19, 1886, and your reply No. 171, of 11th November, I have the honor to inclose a copy (in translation) of the dispatch received from the Sublim Porte, and likewise a copy of my reply to it.

1 learn from the missionaries that, as a result of the visit of Rev. Mr. Filian to Constantinople, he has obtained permission to continue preaching) which he had been prevented from doing.

I have insisted on the right of Br. Herrick and our missionaries to visit that city and preach, notwithstanding the smallness of the congregation.

Hoping that my action will meet your approval,

I have, etc.,

Pendleton King.
[Page 1091]
[Inclosure 1 in No. 286.—Translation.]

The Sublime Porte to Mr. King .

Mr. Chargé d’Affaires: On receipt of the dispatch you kindly addressed me on the 18th of October last, No. 32, I hasten to apprise the governor-general of the province of Kastamouni of the complaint drawn up by the Rev. Dr. Herrick against the local authorities.

In his reply his highness, Abdurrahman Pacha observes firstly that there are no Protestants in the province, and that no American missionary had made his appearance there till recently. Only within a few years three or four Protestant Armenians from Cesarea having come temporarily to Kastamouni on commercial business, a certain Filian, an Ottoman subject from Antioch, took advantage of their presence in that city to go and establish a school there.

That school was soon after transformed into a temple, where Filian used to proselyte, which excited to such an extent the religious feelings of the population, that the local authorities had, on their complaint and in order to quiet their minds, to invite Mr. Filian to shut up his establishment, which after all had been established without permission.

It was during that interval that Dr. Herrick, accompanied by a certain Gulbenk? came to Castamouni, and stopped at Yacoub Filian’s. Without presenting himself personally to the authorities to exhibit his papers, he contented himself with having his passport registered, after which he left for Marsovan. A few days later Yacoub Filian himself left Kastamouni for Constantinople.

These are the facts in the case. It results from what precedes, and you cannot refrain from acknowledging it yourself, Mr. chargé d’affaires, in your enlightened appreciation, that the unfounded complaints of the doctor could not have been drawn up but on the instigation of said Filian.

I think proper to add that since there are no Protestants at Kastamouni, where moreover there exists neither temple nor school belonging to that creed, the arrival of pastors or American missionaries would have no reason, and would, be sure to raise new difficulties.

Accept, etc.,

[Inclosure 2 in No. 286.]

Mr. King to the Sublime Porte .

Excellency: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your dispatch of 26 January, 1887, and in reply I beg to say that the number of Protestants living in Kastamouni is not the matter under consideration. The point I desire clearly to present to you is the right of Dr. Herrick or any other American citizen to visit that city and quietly hold religious services, whether the number of Protestants be large or small; whether they be permanent or temporary residents of that city.

I beg you therefore to give positive directions to the provincial governor not to interfere and not to allow interference with such service in the future.

Accept, etc.,

Pendleton King.