No. 413.
Mr. Hubbard to Mr. Bayard.

No. 302.]

Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith two clippings from the Japan Daily Mail, a British newspaper, being comments of said newspaper on two editorials from leading native (Japan) daily journals.

1 have forwarded this clipping from the Anglo-Japanese press as an index of what Englishmen regard here as a, turning point in trade relations which have hitherto been largely monopolized by their countrymen. In the same connection, as bearing on the question of cultivating more speedy transportation between Japan and the United States, I call your attention also respectfully to what an influential native commercial daily says in relation thereto. The Nippon Yusen Kaisha, to which allusion is made, is the great steamship company of Japan, whose bonds are all guaranteed by the Japanese Government, and which owns more than a hundred ships.

I have, etc.,

Richard Hubbard.
[Inclosure 1 in No. 302.—Clipping from Japan Daily Mail.]

The Mainichi Shimbun recommends the promoters of Japanese railways to intrust the work of construction to American engineers. Public attention has been strongly directed of late to railway enterprise. Lines from Kobe to Shimonoseki, from the north to the south of Kiushiu from Tokio to Hachioji, and between places in other localities are projected. The idea that this industry must of necessity be left to officialdom, an idea long maintained, has been abandoned, and capitalists everywhere throughout the [Page 660] Empire are hastening to invest their money in iron roads. But the question of construction is still a difficulty. Most people think that the only feasible course is to enlist the services of the railway department. The Mainichi Shimbun, however, strongly condemns this plan. On the score of delay alone, if for no other reason, such a burden should not be placed on official shoulders. Better employ American engineers, says our contemporary, plenty of whom would be quite willing to undertake the work. Certainly Japan can not do better than procure scientific assistance from America, but we hope that for work of this sort Englishmen may have a fair show. Japan owes almost everything she knows about railways to England. She has paid for the knowledge, it is true, but except on the principle that variety is charming, a principle which she seems not unlikely to get the discredit of obeying too implicity, we do not see why she should go back on her old love.

[Inclosure 2 in No. 302.—Clipping from Japan Daily Mail.]

The Keizai Zasshi publishes a note in which it points out that, while Japan and the United States of America are such near neighbors, geographically, the actual commercial routes are unnecessarily long, the commodities passing between the two countries being mostly carried by way of the Suez Canal. Our contemporary recommends the Nippon Yusen Kaisha to open communication on the Pacific between this Country and America.