Learn about the beta

Law of the Sea


114. Memorandum From the Acting Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (Kramer) to Secretary of Defense Weinberger

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, LOS (Law of the Sea) Background (4). Secret.


115. Memorandum From the Director of Marine Science and Technology Affairs, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Department of State (Wulf) to the Assistant Secretary of State-Designate for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Malone)

Source: Reagan Library, Bandow Files, Bandow Paper for the Tenth Session of the Conference on the Law of the Sea, Feb 13, 1981. Secret. Drafted by Wulf. Sent through Busby.


116. Letter From Secretary of the Interior Watt to Secretary of State Haig

Source: Department of State, Law of the Sea—Third UN Conference, 1968–1983, Lot 85D357, LOS—Deep Seabed Mining 1981. No classification marking.


117. Briefing Memorandum From the Deputy Special Representative of the President for the Law of the Sea Conference (Aldrich) to the Deputy Secretary of State (Clark)

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin Files, LOS (Law of the Sea) Background (1). Confidential. Drafted by Aldrich. Cleared by Taft, Verville, Cohen, and Wulf. Taft initialed for all.


118. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the Department of State (Bremer) to Multiple Recipients

Source: Reagan Library, Meese Files, Law of the Sea—Convention. Confidential. Sent to the Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary; the Joint Chiefs of Staff; the National Security Council; the Department of the Treasury, Office of the Secretary; the Department of Interior, Office of the Secretary; the Department of Commerce, Office of the Secretary; the Department of Energy, Office of the Secretary; the Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary; the Central Intelligence Agency; the Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Administrator; the Office of Management and Budget, Office of Director.


119. Briefing Memorandum From the Special Representative of the President for the Law of the Sea Conference (Malone) to Secretary of State Haig

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, P810073–0126. Confidential. Drafted by Marshall. Copies were sent to Buckley, Clark, and Abrams. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Haig saw it.


120. Memorandum From the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Jones) to Secretary of Defense Weinberger

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files: FRC 330–83–0103, 801.2 (January–May 81) 1981. Secret. A stamped notation reads, “Office of the Secretary of Defense 24 Mar 1981.”


121. Telegram From the Department of State to All Diplomatic Posts

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, D810136–0860. Confidential; Immediate. Sent Immediate for information to USUN New York. Drafted by Douglas; cleared by Marshall, Abrams, Bremer, Wolfowitz, and Taylor; and approved by Haig.


122. Memorandum From the United States Delegation to the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea to Multiple Recipients

Source: Department of State, Law of the Sea—Third UN Conference, 1970–1983, Lot 87D452, LOS Output. Confidential. Sent to the heads of delegations of the United Kingdom, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Japan.


123. Report of the United States Delegation to the Tenth Session of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea

Source: Reagan Library, Bandow Files, Report of the U.S. Delegation to the Tenth Session to the Third U.N. Conference to the LOS, March 9–April 24, 1981. Confidential. The document is a classified supplement to an unclassified report of the U.S. Delegation. (Ibid.) Attached but not printed is a “Drafting Committee Report: January 12–March 2, 1981.”


124. Briefing Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Malone) to Secretary of State Haig

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, P810116–0474. Secret. Drafted by Kronmiller on June 29; sent through Clark. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Haig saw it.


125. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Malone) to the Executive Secretary of the Department of State (Bremer)

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, P810105–2187. Secret. Drafted by Meyer and cleared by Kronmiller.


126. Action Memorandum From the Special Representative of the President for the Law of the Sea (Malone) to Secretary of State Haig

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, LOS (Law of the Sea) Third Conference (2). Secret. Drafted by Meyer on July 20 and sent through Clark. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Haig saw it. The original is incorrectly dated June 22. Haig wrote in the upper right-hand margin “Public approach—preempt—OK.”


127. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Alexander Haig Papers, Department of State, Day File, July 27, 1981. Secret. Drafted by Eskin on July 31. The meeting took place in the Secretary’s Conference Room at the Department of State.


128. Memorandum From Secretary of State Haig to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Executive Secretariat, NSC: Subject File, Law of the Sea (LOS) (1981) 3/30/81–12/7/81. Secret. Sent under an August 6 covering memorandum from Allen who wrote: “A key objective is to keep the process open pending your decision on the interagency review to be completed later this year. While we can expect some sharp criticism at the conference, our delegation has been clearly instructed on the need to avoid having the conference either break up or adopt an unsatisfactory treaty without us.”


129. Telegram From the Special Liaison Detachment Supporting the United States Delegation, Department of Defense, to the Special Security Office, Defense Intelligence Agency

Source: National Archives, RG 218, Jones Papers, Box 32, 546—Law of the Sea 18 Mar 81—11 May 82. Secret; Eyes Only. Sent to Ikle, Koch, Austin, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In an August 17 transmittal memorandum Lueders wrote, “RADM Harlow, DOD LOS Rep, provides update on Treaty negotiations. Situation volatile but not out of control.”


130. Telegram From the Mission to the United Nations to the Department of State

Source: Reagan Library, Bandow Files, [LOS: June-August 1981 Cables]. Secret; Immediate. Drafted by Ratiner; cleared by MacDonald; approved by Malone. Sent to Bandow and Guhin.


131. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (Ikle) to the Deputy Secretary of Defense (Carlucci)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files: FRC 330–83–0103, 801.2 (10 Nov–1981). Secret. Merrill signed for Ikle. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Carlucci saw it on November 12.


132. Memorandum From the Chief of the Geography Division, Office of Global Issues, Directorate of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency [name not declassified] to Director of Central Intelligence Casey and the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (Inman)

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Council, Job 83B00140R: Policy Files (1979–1982), Box 1, Folder 8: SIG meetings—II. Secret. [text not declassified].


133. Memorandum From the Senior Inter-Departmental Group to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, LOS (Law of the Sea) Review (3). Secret. There is no indication Reagan saw the memorandum. In a December 18 memorandum to Weinberger, Ikle indicated that the Senior Inter-Departmental Group’s conclusions were forwarded to the NSC on December 11. (Washington National Records Center, OSD Files: FRC 330–84–0003, 801.2 [Jan–30 June] 1982)


134. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Policy Development, Executive Office of the President (Gray) to the Counsellor to the President (Meese)

Source: Reagan Library, Bandow Files, [LOS: December 1981]. Unclassified. The classified attachments to this document have not been found.


135. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin Files, 12/19/1981–12/22/1981. Secret; Sensitive; Eyes Only. The meeting took place at the White House.


136. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Malone) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Clark)

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, LOS (Law of the Sea) Negotiations (1). Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Eskin on January 6. In the upper right-hand margin, Clark wrote: “Bud: let’s discuss WPC.”


137. Briefing Memorandum From Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Malone) to Secretary of State Haig

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, P880121–0781. Secret; Sensitive. Cleared in IO, NEA, PM, INR, AF/I, ARA, S/P, L, EA/RA, EB, EUR/RPE, P, T, and E. “MAM” initialed for all parties clearing the memorandum. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Haig saw it.


138. Minutes of a National Security Council Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, LOS (Law of the Sea) Review (1). Secret. The meeting took place in the Cabinet Room at the White House.


139. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Clark) to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, 01/20/1982–01/22/1982. Secret. A stamped notation on the document reads: “The President has seen.”


140. National Security Decision Directive 20

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, P820022–0979. Secret.


141. Memorandum From Dennis C. Blair of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Clark)

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, LOS (Law of the Sea) Negotiations (1). Confidential. Sent for action.


[142] [Page 427]142. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassies in West Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and Japan

Source: Reagan Library, Guhin, Michael A.: Files, Reciprocating States/Seabed Mining. Confidential; Immediate. Printed from the copy that was received in the NSC Message Center.


143. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Malone) to Secretary of State Haig

Source: Department of State, Marine Law and Policy Division, Subject and Country Files, Law of the Sea, 1981–1982, Lot 92D622, 40.85 Seabed Mining Negotiations—March 1982. Confidential. Drafted by Eskin on March 3 and cleared in OES, EB, L, EUR, and EA. Sent through Eagleburger and Buckley. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Haig saw it.