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Protection of the Ozone Layer


350. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Malone) to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Reagan Library, Papers of George P. Shultz, Environment—Ozone Layer. Unclassified. Drafted by Wilson, Coe, and Hajost on February 27; cleared in IO, IO/T/SCT, EPA/OIA, NASA, NOAA, FAA, L/OES, L/T, OES, OES/E, E, OMB, EB/OIA, M/COMP, and L. Sent through Schneider. In the upper right-hand margin, McKinley wrote “Not acted upon pending further consultations with Mr. Wallis,” with the date “20 Mar.” Below that McKinley wrote: “21 Mar Mr. Wallis has withdrawn his objection to the recommendation. BMcK.” And below that he wrote “21 Mar Full power signed.” In the upper left-hand margin, a typed notation reads: “Original picked up by OES—Helen Brown on 3/21 at 7:35 p.m./JABentel.” A signed copy of the Full Power was attached at Tab A.


351. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Wallis) to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Department of State, Chronological Files, 1984–1985, Lot 86D362, March #2 [2] 1985 Completed Items. No classification marking. In a March 20 memorandum to Schneider, Marshall forwarded Wallis’ memorandum and stated: “We had thought the matter had been cleared with Under Secretary Wallis’ office. Apart from what we believe to be clear errors on the merits, there is also the downside of being isolated in not signing this Convention at this time and, of course, the personal embarrassment of leaving Jim high and dry in Vienna.” (Ibid.)


352. Telegram From the Department of State to Multiple Diplomatic Posts

Source: Department of State, Environmental Issues, 1979–1993, Lot 93D395, Ozone. Limited Official Use. Drafted by Hajost, Losey, and Weil; cleared by Benedick and Mansfield; and approved by Malone. Sent to Abu Dhabi, Algiers, Athens, Bangkok, Bern, Bogota, Bonn, Brasilia, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Canberra, Caracas, Copenhagen, Geneva, Helsinki, Jakarta, Kuwait City, Lima, London, Manila, Mexico City, Moscow, Nairobi, New Delhi, Oslo, Ottawa, Paris, Rabat, Rome, Santiago, Stockholm, The Hague, USUN New York, and Vienna.


353. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the Department of State (Platt) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Poindexter)

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, P860110–1619. No classification marking. Drafted by Brandt on July 31; cleared in L/T, L, and L/OES.


354. Paper Prepared in the Office of Environment and Health, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Department of State

Source: Department of State, Chemicals, Hazardous Waste, and Ozone, 1982–1989, Lot 92D227, Ms. Butcher. No classification marking. Drafted on November 3. An unsigned November 5 covering memorandum reads: “The attached paper outlines principles for an international protocol for the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer, which the United States Government proposes to put forward for discussion in international negotiations scheduled to take place December 1–5, 1986. The principles are being presented to governments in advance of the negotiations for their consideration and comment.”


355. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Negroponte) to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Wallis)

Source: Reagan Library, Bledsoe, Ralph: Files, 330—Stratospheric Ozone (1985 to June 1987) [1]. No classification marking. Drafted by Butcher on November 16 and revised on November 26; cleared in OES, OES/ENH, L, L/OES, L/T, L/EBC, E, EB, IO, M/MO, M/COMP, EPA, NASA, NOAA, Commerce, USTR, DPC, CEQ, DOE, and OMB. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates that Wallis saw it.


356. Telegram From the Embassy in France to Multiple Recipients

Source: Reagan Library, Robert Johnson Files, Stratospheric Ozone—#4. Unclassified. Sent Priority to the Department of State. Sent to the White House, the OECD collective, Beijing, Brasilia, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Dakar, Kuwait City, Lagos, Manila, Mexico City, Montevideo, Moscow, Nairobi, New Delhi, USUN Geneva, Commerce, Energy, and NASA.


357. Memorandum From Paul Gigot, White House Fellow, to the Chief of Staff to the President’s Assistant for Domestic Policy (Hines)

Source: Reagan Library, Robert Johnson Files, Stratospheric Ozone #2. No classification marking.


358. Telegram From the United States USUN Environmental Mission to the Department of State

Source: Reagan Library, Bledsoe, Ralph: Files, 330—Stratospheric Ozone (1985 to June 1987) [6]. Limited Official Use; Immediate. Sent Immediate for information to Nairobi, USUN Geneva, and USUN New York.


359. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Environment, Health, and Natural Resources (Benedick) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Negroponte)

Source: Department of State, Chemicals, Hazardous Waste, Ozone, 1981–1990, Lot 92D207, Interagency Process. No classification marking.


360. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Negroponte) to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Wallis)

Source: Department of State, Central Foreign Policy File, P870076–0719. Limited Official Use. A stamped notation on the memorandum indicates Wallis saw it. Drafted by Butcher and cleared in OES/E and OES/ENH. Copies were sent to Bailey, Johnson, and Long.


361. Paper Prepared in the National Security Council

Source: Reagan Library, Bledsoe, Ralph: Files, 330—Stratospheric Ozone (1985 to June 1987) [7]. No classification marking. In the top margin, an unknown hand wrote: “Wed 2:00 5806 Climate Friday 1:00 p.m. Thursday 3:30 pm. JR Spradley’s proposal.”


362. Telegram From the Department of State to Multiple Diplomatic Posts

Source: Reagan Library, Bledsoe, Ralph: Files, 330—Stratospheric Ozone (1985 to June 1987) [2]. Limited Official Use; Priority. Drafted by Losey; cleared in EPA/OIA, EPA/OAR, NOAA, Interior, Energy, USTR, L/OES, Commerce, and NASA. Sent priority to all OECD capitals, Algiers, Bangkok, Bogota, Brasilia, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Caracas, Dakar, USUN Geneva, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait City, Lagos, Lilongwe, Lima, Manila, Mexico City, Montevideo, Moscow, Nairobi, New Delhi, Ouagadougou, Rabat, Santiago, Seoul, Singapore, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tunis, and USUN Vienna.


363. Minutes of a Domestic Policy Council Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Risque Files, Ozone Layer Protection [1]. No classification marking. The meeting took place in the Roosevelt Room at the White House.


364. Action Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Negroponte) to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Reagan Library, Papers of George P. Shultz, Environment—CFC’s. Confidential. Drafted by Butcher and Benedick and cleared in D, E, L, EB, EPA, and NSC. Smith signed for Negroponte. A typed notation under the dateline reads: “(Copy of Original Signed Letter Given to Scott Thayer, 6/1/87, 10:30 a.m.—BKK.”


365. Letter From Attorney General Meese to Secretary of State Shultz

Source: Reagan Library, Sweet Files, Ozone Negotiations/Questions. No classification marking.


366. Evening Reading for President Reagan

Source: Department of State, Environmental Issues, 1979–1993, Lot 93D395, Ozone. Drafted by Benedick on June 5 and cleared by Negroponte and Smith. There is no indication Reagan saw this document.


367. Briefing Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (Benedick) to the Deputy Secretary of State (Whitehead)

Source: Department of State, Environmental Issues, 1979–1993, Lot 93D395, Ozone. Confidential. Drafted by Butcher and Benedick.


368. Memorandum From the Energy, Natural Resources, and Environment Working Group to the Domestic Policy Council

Source: Reagan Library, Risque Files, Stratospheric Ozone (2). No classification marking. Benedick initialed for the Energy, Natural Resources, and Environment Working Group.


369. Minutes of a Domestic Policy Council Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Bledsoe, Ralph: Files, DPC Meeting Minutes—1987–1989 (2). Confidential. The meeting took place in the Roosevelt Room at the White House.


370. Minutes of a Domestic Policy Council Meeting

Source: Reagan Library, Risque Files, Ozone Layer Protection [2]. Confidential. The meeting took place in the Cabinet Room at the White House.


371. Memorandum From the Domestic Policy Council to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Risque Files, Stratospheric Ozone (5). No classification marking. A stamped notation in the upper right-hand margin reads: “The President has seen” and an unknown hand wrote “6/24” on the line provided. In a June 18 memorandum to Howard Baker, Whitehead transmitted the Department of State’s priorities on the action items listed in the memorandum. (Department of State, Environmental Issues, 1979–1993, Lot 93D395, Ozone)


372. Memorandum From President Reagan to Multiple Recipients

Source: Department of State, Environmental Issues, 1979–1993, Lot 93D395, Ozone. Confidential. Sent to Bush, Shultz, J. Baker, Weinberger, Meese, Hodel, Lyng, Baldrige, Bowen, Pierce, Herrington, Bennett, Miller, Yeutter, and Thomas.


373. Telegram From the Consulate in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Environmental Issues, 1979–1993, Lot 93D395, Ozone. Confidential; Immediate.


374. Telegram From the Consulate in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Reagan Library, Bledsoe, Ralph: Files, 330—Stratospheric Ozone (September 1987) [4]. Unclassified; Immediate.


375. Memorandum From the Cabinet Secretary (Risque) to President Reagan

Source: Reagan Library, Risque Files, Stratospheric Ozone (8). No classification marking.


376. Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the Department of State (Levitsky) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Powell)

Source: Department of State, Environmental Issues, 1979–1993, Lot 93D395, Ozone. No classification marking. Drafted by Brandt on March 17 and cleared in L/T, L, L/OES, OES/ENV, and EPA/OIA.