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[Page 649]

Index

References are to document numbers

    • Baas, Marc, 164
    • Baker, Howard H., Jr.:
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 6, 41
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process:
        • Allen amendment, 149
        • Cabinet discussions, 145
        • Christopher discussions, 133
        • Christopher memoranda, 105, 106
        • DeConcini amendment, 165
        • Linowitz memoranda, 132
        • Senate delegations to Panama, 129
        • Status reports, 124, 148, 151
        • Strategy planning, 137
        • Thomson memoranda, 104
        • Vance memoranda, 109
    • Barkley, Richard C., 22, 55
    • Barletta, Nicolás Ardito, 52, 58, 66, 94, 147
    • Barraclough, William G., 164
    • Bartlett, Dewey F., 152
    • Baucus, Max, 151
    • Bauman, Robert E., 83, 209, 215, 217, 221, 234, 244
    • Bayh, Birch, 146
    • Beckel, Robert G.:
    • Becker, John P., 22
    • Belize, 240
    • Bell, Griffin B., 89, 96, 99, 140, 205
    • Bell, S. Morey, 9, 21, 32, 49, 55
    • Bellido, Lt. Col., 94
    • Bellmon, Henry L., 41, 53, 151
    • Bennet, Douglas J., Jr.:
    • Berger, Samuel R., 127
    • Bergland, Robert, 96, 99, 140, 145
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr., 105
    • Bilonick, Ricardo, 39, 198
    • Blake, John, 140
    • Blake, Mel, 265
    • Blum, Barbara, 140
    • Blumenfeld, Michael, 246
    • Blumenthal, W. Michael, 65, 89, 96, 99, 140, 205, 226
    • Bonior, David E., 221
    • Borg, C. Arthur, 24
    • Boston-Panama expropriation case, 102
    • Bourne, Peter, 140
    • Bowdler, William G.:
    • Bowen, David, 215, 217, 221, 223
    • Bowie, Robert R., 65
    • Boyd, Aquilino Edgardo:
      • Resignation of, 13, 14, 16
      • Senate Foreign Relations Committee meeting, 15
      • U.S. presidential campaign (1976), 1
      • Vance meetings, 6, 8, 9, 13
    • Brademas, John, 247
    • Bremer, L. Paul, III, 271
    • Brizill, Dorothy A., 81, 127
    • Brooke, Edward W., III, 151
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 169, 171
    • Brooks, Col. Elmer T., 24, 55
    • Broomfield, William, 232
    • Brown, Gen. George S.:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 194
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 22
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 89
        • Congressional briefings, 55
        • Joint Chiefs of Staff responses, 93
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 6
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 10, 26, 40
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 151, 154
      • U.S. policy review, 2, 4, 6, 8
    • Brown, Hallah, 102
    • Brown, Harold:
      • Cuban-Panamanian relations, 11
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 216
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 22, 30, 40, 89, 91, 93
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process:
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution, 234
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 266
      • U.S.-Panamanian post-treaty relations, 274
      • U.S. policy review, 2, 6, 8
    • Brzezinski, Zbigniew K.:
      • Cuban-Panamanian relations, 29
      • Latin American countries, 35, 55, 190
      • Libyan-Panamanian relations, 29
      • Panama Canal operating expenses, 48
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation:
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 20, 23
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 39, 63, 65, 68, 69, 70, 71
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 89, 94
        • Carter communications, 62
        • Congressional legal role in, 50
        • Joint Chiefs of Staff responses, 93
        • National committee proposals, 43
        • Policy Review Committee memoranda, 24
        • Sea-level canal provisions, 84
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 14
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process:
        • Cabinet discussions, 96, 99, 140, 145
        • Jordan-Galindo discussions, 122
        • Pastor memoranda, 122
        • Pastor Panama visit, 116, 118
        • Sabotage planning, 153
        • Senate delegations to Panama, 119
        • Senate Select Committee on Intelligence investigations, 97
        • Strategy planning, 98, 141, 166
        • U.S.-Panamanian communications, 111, 113
        • U.S.-Venezuelan discussions, 163
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution, 195, 198, 206, 230, 231, 234, 235
      • Panamanian political situation, 183, 202
      • Salvadoran Civil War, 260, 262, 272
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 84, 264, 266
      • Shah of Iran residence in Panama, 250, 254
      • Soviet-Panamanian relations, 200
      • U.S. investment mission to Panama, 226, 248
      • U.S. policy review, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8
    • Buchanan, John, 232
    • Bunker, Ellsworth:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 157
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
        • Mar. 1977 negotiating round, 27, 28
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round:
          • Carter meetings, 71
          • Christopher memoranda, 38, 44
          • Linowitz memoranda, 36
          • Meeting minutes, 58
          • Policy Review Committee discussions, 65
          • Vance memoranda, 34, 59, 67
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 73, 75, 76, 80, 81, 89
        • Bunker-Linowitz-Reagan meeting, 87
        • Congressional briefings, 41, 53, 55
        • Congressional lobbying strategy, 23, 24
        • Defense Department role in, 30
        • House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee meeting, 83
        • Latin American countries briefings, 31, 55
        • Latin American views of, 35
        • Linowitz appointment, 5, 14
        • National committee proposals, 43
        • Sea-level canal provisions, 64
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 14, 32, 57
        • Vance-Boyd meetings, 9
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process:
        • Christopher memoranda, 106
        • Galindo meetings, 130
        • Senate delegations to Panama, 129
        • Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearings, 115, 116
        • Senate Select Committee on Intelligence investigations, 97, 100
        • U.S.-Panamanian communications, 111
      • U.S. policy review, 3, 6, 8
    • Burdick, Quentin N., 138, 139, 151, 152
    • Burke, Adm. Arleigh A., 51
    • Burns, D., 164
    • Bushnell, John A., 164, 238, 249
    • Butler, Landon, 43, 45, 89, 96, 98, 145, 188
    • Byrd, Harry F., 7, 23, 51
    • Byrd, Robert C.:
    • Cabrera, Jose Maria, 275
    • Califano, Joseph A., Jr., 96, 140, 145, 151
    • Calderón, Jamie Arias, 17, 21, 27, 58, 111
    • Campbell, Alan K., 89, 99, 205
    • Cannon, Howard, 139, 142, 151, 152
    • Carasco, Jorge, 15
    • Carney, Adm. Robert B., 51
    • Carpenter, Lt. Col. William S., 65
    • Carrasco, Jorge, 116
    • Carroll, G. F., 57
    • Carroll, Julian, 131
    • Carswell, Robert, 145
    • Carter, Hodding, III, 24, 30, 52
    • Carter, Hugh, 96, 99, 140, 145
    • Carter, James Earl, Jr., (“Jimmy”) (see also Carter-Torrijos correspondence):
    • Carter administration transition. See U.S. policy review.
    • Carter-Torrijos correspondence:
    • Carter, J. Hodding, III, 30, 52
    • Case, Clifford P., Jr., 15, 41, 53, 105, 109, 115
    • Castro, Fidel (see also Cuban-Panamanian relations), 102, 130, 179
    • Castrodale, Richard, 203
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
      • Cuban-Panamanian relations, 11
      • Documents not declassified, 37,
        46
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 210
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations,
        66
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 165
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution, 233
    • Chafee, John, 6, 129
    • Champion, Hale, 89, 99
    • Chester, Geraldeen, 214
    • Chile, 35
    • Chiles, Lawton, 55
    • Chinese-Panamanian relations, 270
    • Christopher, Warren M.:
      • Cuban-Panamanian relations, 29
      • Libyan-Panamanian relations, 29
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation:
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 17
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 38, 44
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 73, 81, 86, 88
        • Carter communications to Congress, 78
        • Latin American countries briefings, 31
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 16
        • Vance-Boyd meetings, 9
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 105, 106, 107
      • Panamanian involvement in Belize, 240
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution, 198, 227, 236
      • Salvadoran Civil War, 267
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 133,
        266
      • Shah of Iran residence in Panama, 218, 250, 253, 261
      • U.S. economic aid to Panama, 73, 169, 191
    • Church, Frank, 55, 105, 109, 115, 159, 200
    • Clark, Richard C., 115
    • Claytor, W. Graham, Jr., 241, 246, 258,
      273
    • Clift, A. Denis, 98, 247
    • Collins, Foster, 66
    • Colombia (see also Latin American countries), 31, 35, 54, 66,
      258
    • Commission on U.S.-Latin American Relations, 5, 12
    • Congress, U.S. (see also Congressional support for Panama Canal treaty negotiations; House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee; Senate Foreign Relations Committee):
      • House Post Office and Civil Service Committee, 209, 215
      • Senate Armed Services Committee, 214, 215
      • Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, 6, 11, 97, 100, 146
    • Congressional support for Panama Canal treaty negotiations (see also Panama Canal treaty implementation; Panama Canal treaty ratification process):
      • Administration lobbying interactions:
        • Bell memoranda, 32
        • Carter communications, 62, 78, 82
        • Carter-Congressional leadership discussions, 3, 5
        • Chiefs of Naval Operations letter, 51
        • House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee meeting, 83
        • Linowitz-Bunker-O’Neill discussions, 23
        • Mondale meeting, 74
        • Senate Judiciary Subcommittee hearings, 60
      • Administration lobbying strategy:
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 70
        • Carter-Linowitz-Bunker discussions, 23
        • Christopher memoranda, 16
        • Congressional briefings, 41, 45, 53, 55
        • Department of State papers, 3
        • Pastor memoranda, 5
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 6, 24
      • Legal role, 50
      • Panamanian contacts with Congress:
        • Boyd-Senate Foreign Relations Committee discussions, 15
        • Todman memoranda, 17
        • Vance memoranda, 18
      • Status reports:
        • Bennet memoranda, 45
        • H.R. 7556 proposed amendment, 49, 52
        • Thurmond Resolution, 3, 5, 6
        • Vance-Gonzalez-Revilla discussions, 52
        • Vance memoranda, 7, 33
    • Conlin, Col. John, 4, 10
    • Connally, John, 90
    • Consalvi, Simon Bottaro, 163
    • Contreras, Lt. Col. Armando, 58, 61, 66, 172
    • Cooper, John Sherman, 94
    • Cooper, Richard N., 58, 59, 65, 67
    • Costanza, Midge, 140
    • Costa Rica (see also Latin American countries), 35, 54, 66
    • Costle, Douglas M., 89, 96, 99, 145
    • Cranston, Alan:
    • Cronkite, Walter, 165
    • Cuban-Panamanian relations (see also Nicaraguan Revolution, Panamanian involvement in):
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 29
      • Massey memoranda, 11
      • Pastor-Torrijos discussions, 179
      • Senate Select Committee on Intelligence project, 11
      • U.S.-Panamanian communications, 102
    • Curtis, Carl T., 53
    • Curtis, David, 41
    • Cutler, Lloyd, 261
    • Cutter, Curtis C., 41, 56
    • Cutter, W. Bowman, 55
    • Danforth, John C., 139
    • Davis, Jeanne W., 6
    • DeConcini, Dennis W.:
    • Defense, U.S. Department of (DOD) (see also Brown, Harold), 3, 22, 30, 91, 157, 178
    • De la Espriella, Ricardo, 193, 258, 262
    • De la Rosa, Alexander, 52
    • De la Rosa, Diogenes, 66
    • Delgado, 262
    • Denend, Leslie G., 260
    • Derwinski, Edward, 218, 221, 223
    • Dikeos, Victor H., 194
    • Dion, Mark, 52
    • Dobelle, Evan, 92
    • Documents not declassified, 37, 46
    • Dodson, Christine, 63, 77, 84
    • Dole, Robert, 107, 146, 148, 152, 158, 164
    • Dolvin, Lt. Gen. Welborn G.:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 212
        • Consultative Committee meeting, 275
        • Costs of, 187
        • House-Senate differences, 241
        • Intelligence reports, 210
        • Joint Review Group Panama visits, 192, 194, 204
        • Ratification documents, 172
        • U.S. Board of Directors membership, 249
        • U.S. committee membership, 246
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 20, 21, 22
        • Mar. 1977 negotiating round, 27
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 38, 54, 65
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 80
        • Congressional briefings, 41, 53, 55
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 26, 32, 40
      • Salvadoran Civil War, 258
      • U.S. policy review, 6
    • Domenici, Pete, 55, 151, 152
    • Dornan, Robert, 77, 83
    • Duncan, Charles W., Jr.:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation:
        • Consultative Committee meeting, 275
        • Dolvin memoranda, 212
        • Joint Review Group Panama visits, 204
        • Ratification documents, 172
        • U.S. Government organization for, 173, 177, 178, 186, 201
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 22, 54, 65, 208
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 266
    • Eastland, James O., 41, 53, 109
    • Egan, Michael, 145
    • Eizenstat, Stuart E., 89, 96, 99, 140, 145, 264
    • Eleta, Fernando, 217
    • El Salvador. See Salvadoran Civil War
    • Erb, Guy F., 163
    • Escobar Bethancourt, Rómulo:
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 15, 21
        • Mar. 1977 negotiating round, 27
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 34, 38, 54, 58, 71, 72
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 80
        • Panamanian views of, 35
        • Vance-Boyd meetings, 9
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 105, 106, 113, 115, 116
      • Salvadoran Civil War, 270, 272
    • Escovar Salom, Ramon, 55
    • Iida, Cornelius, 266
    • Illueca, Jorge Enrique, 9, 256, 271, 275
    • Inderfurth, Karl F. “Rick”, 63, 98, 116, 166
    • Inouye, Daniel K., 11, 100, 109
    • Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, 102
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), 189
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty), 3
    • Iran. See Shah of Iran residence in Panama
    • Iranian hostage crisis, 253, 256
    • Iribarren, Ignacio, 163
    • Lakas Bahas, Demetrio Basilio, 175
    • Lake, W. Anthony, 163
    • Lamb, Denis, 105
    • Lampert, Harvey D., 35
    • Lance, Bert, 89, 96, 99, 139, 140, 145
    • Latin America. See Latin American countries; U.S.-Latin American relations
    • Latin American countries:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation and, 176, 183, 185
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations and:
        • Briefings, 31, 55
        • Carter-Linowitz-Bunker discussions, 23
        • Department of State papers, 3
        • Panamanian-Venezuelan discussions, 58
        • Saunders memoranda, 35
        • Signing ceremony attendance, 85, 90, 94
        • Summit (Aug 1977), 66, 73, 76
        • Vance-Boyd discussions, 9
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process and, 96, 160, 163
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution and, 197
      • Pastor-Torrijos discussions, 190
    • Laxalt, Paul, 41, 53, 151
    • Leach, Jim, 232
    • Lemnitzer, Gen. Lyman, 94
    • Lesseur Lauria, Carmelo, 163
    • Levin, Carl, 237
    • Levitas, Elliott, 232
    • Lewis Galindo, Gabriel:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 176, 204, 210, 224
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 39, 49, 54, 67, 71, 94
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process:
        • Bunker meetings, 130
        • Carter-Torrijos discussions, 111, 113
        • DeConcini amendment, 165
        • GSP sugar benefits and, 164
        • Jordan discussions, 122
        • Senate delegations to Panama, 119
        • Todman-Torrijos meetings, 102
      • Panamanian involvement in Belize, 240
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution, 193, 198, 231
      • Panamanian political situation, 193, 202
      • Political situation, 179, 202
      • Salvadoran Civil War, 262, 270
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 264
      • Shah of Iran residence in Panama, 252, 256
    • Libyan-Panamanian relations, 29, 54, 103
    • Linowitz, Sol M.:
      • Appointment of, 1, 5, 7, 9, 14
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
        • Mar. 1977 negotiating round, 27, 28
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 36, 54
          • Carter meetings, 71
          • Christopher memoranda, 38, 44
          • Meeting minutes, 58
          • Policy Review Committee discussions, 65
          • Vance memoranda, 34, 59, 67
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 73, 75, 76, 80, 81, 89
        • Bunker-Linowitz-Reagan meeting, 87
        • Congressional briefings, 41, 53, 55
        • Congressional lobbying strategy, 23, 24
        • House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee meeting, 83
        • Latin American countries briefings, 31, 55
        • Latin American views of, 35
        • National committee proposals, 43
        • Sea-level canal provisions, 64
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 14, 32
        • U.S. presidential campaign (1976), 1
        • Vance-Boyd meetings, 9
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 97, 100, 113, 115, 116, 132, 139
      • U.S. policy review, 6, 8, 12
    • Lipshutz, Robert J., 89, 140, 145
    • Long, Russell B., 41, 53, 151
    • Lopez, Alfredo, 224
    • Lopez Guevara, Carlos, 66, 107, 210
    • López Michelson, Alfonso, 21, 31, 35, 54
    • López-Portillo, Jose Ramon, 85
    • Luers, William H., 22
    • Nachmanoff, Arnold, 65
    • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), 127
    • National Intelligence Estimates, NIE 84-1-77, “Panama: Developments and Prospects,” 3
    • National Security Decision Memoranda (NSDM):
      • No. 115, “Panama Canal Treaty Negotiations,” 3
      • No. 131, “Panama Canal Treaty Negotiations,” 3
      • No. 302, “Panama Canal Treaty Negotiations,” 1, 3
    • Nelson, Gaylord, 74
    • Newsom, David D., 253
    • Nicaragua (see also Nicaraguan Revolution, Panamanian involvement in), 35
    • Nicaraguan Revolution, Panamanian involvement in:
      • Bennet memoranda, 208
      • Brzezinski-Gonzalez Revilla discussions, 195, 198
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 206, 235
      • Carter-Torrijos discussions, 196
      • Christopher memoranda, 227,
        236
      • Intelligence reports, 233
      • McAuliffe testimony, 234
      • Pastor-Gonzalez Revilla discussions, 197
      • Pastor-Lewis Galindo discussions, 202
      • Pastor/Moss-Lewis Galindo discussions, 193
      • Pastor/Moss Panama mission, 230, 231
      • U.S. aid to Nicaragua and, 238, 247
      • Vance memoranda, 203, 228
    • Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), 179
    • Noriega, Lt. Col. Manuel, 94, 153, 183, 230, 252, 267
    • Numata, Sadaaki, 266
    • Nunn, Samuel, Jr., 109, 138, 139, 151
    • Nutting, Lt. Gen. Wallace, 276
    • Packman, Martin, 20, 35
    • Panama Canal Act (1979), 245
    • Panama Canal operating expenses, 48
    • Panama Canal treaty. See Panama Canal treaty implementation; Panama Canal treaty negotiations; Panama Canal treaty ratification process.
    • Panama Canal treaty implementation (see also Nicaraguan Revolution, Panamanian involvement in):
    • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
      • Feb. 1977 negotiating round:
        • Bunker memoranda, 20
        • Carter-Linowitz-Bunker discussions, 23
        • Meeting minutes, 15
        • State-Defense discussions, 22
        • Todman memoranda, 17
        • Vance memoranda, 18, 19
        • Wells memoranda, 21
      • Mar. 1977 negotiating round, 27, 28
      • May-July 1977 negotiating round:
        • Brzezinski-Lewis Galindo discussions, 39
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 63, 68, 70
        • Carter meetings, 71
        • Carter-Torrijos correspondence, 68, 72
        • Carter welcoming remarks, 39
        • Christopher memoranda, 38, 44
        • CIA information cables, 66
        • Linowitz memoranda, 36, 54
        • Meeting minutes, 58
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 65
        • Vance-Gonzalez-Revilla meetings, 52
        • Vance-Lewis Galindo meetings, 49, 54
        • Vance memoranda, 34, 42, 47, 59, 61, 67, 69
      • Final stages (Aug. 1977):
        • Bunker-Linowitz memoranda, 75
        • Cabinet discussions, 89
        • Carter-Torrijos correspondence, 95
        • Carter-Torrijos meeting, 94
        • Christopher memoranda, 73, 88
        • JCS memoranda, 77
        • Jordan-Hyland memoranda, 76, 79
        • Jorden memoranda, 80
        • Signing ceremony, 85, 86, 88, 90, 92, 94
      • Bunker-Linowitz-Reagan meeting, 87
      • Carter news conference (June 30, 1977), 58
      • Carter-Torrijos correspondence, 14, 19, 23, 25, 27, 68, 72
      • Carter-Torrijos meetings, 66, 94
      • Congressional legal role in, 50
      • Defense Department responses, 91
      • Defense Department role in, 30
      • Joint Chiefs of Staff responses, 93
      • Kissinger-Boyd communications, 1
      • Latin American countries briefings, 31, 55
      • National committee proposals, 43
      • Panamanian views of, Saunders memoranda, 35
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 64, 65, 76, 84
      • Tack-Kissinger principles, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 52, 150
      • Thurmond Resolution, 3, 5, 6
      • U.S. negotiating strategy:
        • Bell memoranda, 32
        • Brown memoranda, 26, 40
        • Carter-Linowitz discussions, 14
        • Christopher memoranda, 16
        • Linowitz memoranda, 54
        • McAuliffe memoranda, 10
        • Parfitt memoranda, 57
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 6, 7
      • Vance-Boyd meetings, 6, 8, 9, 13
      • Vance memoranda, 33
    • Panama Canal treaty ratification process:
    • Panamanian political situation, 3
      • Boyd resignation, 13, 14, 16
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 183
      • Linowitz memoranda, 54
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation and, 176
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process and, 122, 136
      • Pastor-Lewis Galindo discussions, 202
      • Pastor/Moss-Lewis Galindo discussions, 193
      • Pastor-Torrijos discussions, 179
      • Vance memoranda, 33
    • Panamanian public protests, 47, 52
    • Panama Task Force, 98
    • Paredes, Col. Ruben D., 113
    • Parfitt, Harold R., 57, 60, 172
    • Pastor, Robert A.:
      • Cuban-Panamanian relations, 29, 179
      • Latin American countries, 190
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation:
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 21, 23
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 39, 65, 68, 71
        • Administration lobbying strategy, 5
        • Carter-Torrijos meeting, 94
        • National committee proposals, 43
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 122
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution:
        • Brzezinski-Gonzalez Revilla discussions, 195, 198
        • Carter-Torrijos discussions, 196
        • Gonzalez Revilla discussions, 197
        • Intelligence reports, 233
        • Lewis Galindo discussions, 193, 202
        • Pastor/Moss Panama mission, 230, 231
      • Panamanian political situation, 179, 193, 202
      • Salvadoran Civil War, 259, 260, 262, 270, 272
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 264
      • Shah of Iran residence in Panama, 250
      • Soviet-Panamanian relations, 200
      • U.S. policy review, 5, 6
    • Patton, David W., 174
    • Percy, Charles H., 109, 115
    • Pérez, Carlos Andrés, 31, 54, 55, 58, 163
    • Perez-Balladares, Ernesto, 66, 210, 275
    • Perez Guerrero, Manuel, 163
    • Peterson, Esther, 140
    • Pettigrew, Dick, 140, 145
    • Pezzulo, Lawrence A., 24, 32, 55
    • Pitty, Nander, 9, 52
    • Platt, Nicholas, 266
    • Plaza, Gonzalo, 55
    • Policy Review Committee (PRC):
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 6, 7, 24, 65
      • U.S. policy review, 6, 8
    • Popper, David H.:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 215, 244
        • Ceremony (Oct. 1979), 247
        • Christopher-Stennis-Levin discussions, 237
        • Circular 175 request, 219
        • Consultative Committee meeting, 275
        • Costs of, 211
        • House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee on, 208
        • U.S. committee membership, 246
        • U.S. government organization for, 177, 191
        • U.S.-Panamanian planning, 191, 192, 194, 204
        • Vance phone calls, 243
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 127, 130
    • Powell, Jody, 14, 45, 92, 98, 134, 254
    • Precht, Henry, 253
    • Presidential Review Memoranda, No. 1, “Panama,” 2, 5
    • Press, Frank, 89, 96, 99, 140, 145
    • Pritchard, Joel, 221
    • Pryce, William T., 80
    • Tack-Kissinger principles, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 52, 150
    • Talmadge, Herman, 139, 151, 154
    • Tarnoff, Peter R.:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 242, 249
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 35, 55, 81, 84
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 164
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 84, 264
    • Tate, Mercer D., 24, 55, 151
    • Taylor, T. Elkin, 172
    • Taylor, Gen. Maxwell, 94, 109
    • Tejeira, Eduardo, 210
    • Teshima, Reishi, 266
    • Thatcher, Margaret, 250
    • Thomson, Robert:
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 24, 55
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process:
    • Thornton, Thomas, 65
    • Thurmond, James Strom (see also Thurmond Resolution), 51, 62, 184
    • Thurmond Resolution (Senate Resolution 301), 3, 5, 6
    • Thyden, James, 78
    • Todman, Terence A.:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation, 157, 177
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 17, 20
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 42, 52, 65
        • Carter-Torrijos meeting, 94
        • Congressional lobbying strategy, 24
        • Latin American views of, 35
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 32
        • Vance-Boyd meetings, 9, 13
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 102, 103, 163, 164
      • U.S. policy review, 6
    • Torrijos Herrera, Gen. Omar (see also Carter-Torrijos correspondence):
    • Tower, John, 41, 53, 116
    • Trudeau, Pierre, 85
    • Turner, Adm. Stansfield, 2, 46, 89, 100, 145
    • Twaddell, William H., 9, 49, 52
    • United Nations, 3
    • U.S. economic aid to Panama (see also U.S. investment mission to Panama):
      • Carter-Torrijos correspondence, 72, 189
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation and, 169, 189, 191, 213, 217, 224
      • In Panama Canal treaty negotiations:
        • Bell memoranda, 32
        • Brzezinski memoranda, 63, 68, 70
        • Bunker-Linowitz memoranda, 75
        • Bunker-Linowitz-Reagan discussions, 87
        • Carter communications to Congress, 82
        • Carter meeting discussions, 71
        • Carter-Torrijos correspondence, 72
        • Christopher memoranda, 73
        • Congressional briefings, 41, 55
        • Department of State papers, 3
        • Jordan-Hyland memoranda, 76, 79
        • Meeting minutes, 58
        • Policy Review Committee discussions, 65
        • Vance-Gonzalez-Revilla discussions, 52
        • Vance-Lewis Galindo discussions, 49, 54
        • Vance memoranda, 42, 59, 61, 67, 69
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process and, 142, 164
    • U.S. investment mission to Panama, 224, 226, 248
    • U.S.-Latin American relations:
      • Carter trip (1978), 102
      • GSP sugar benefits and, 164
      • U.S.-Panamanian communications, 102
    • U.S.-Panamanian post-treaty relations, 257, 274
    • U.S. policy review:
      • Brown memoranda, 4
      • Brzezinski memoranda, 8
      • Commission on United States-Latin American Relations report, 12
      • Department of State papers, 3
      • Pastor memoranda, 5
      • Policy Review Committee discussions, 6
      • Presidential Review Memorandum No. 1, 2, 5
      • Vance memoranda, 7
    • U.S. presidential campaign (1976), 1
    • Vaky, Viron P. (“Pete”):
    • Vance, Cyrus R.:
      • Panama Canal treaty implementation:
      • Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 33
        • Feb. 1977 negotiating round, 18, 19, 20
        • May-July 1977 negotiating round, 34, 42, 47, 59, 61, 67, 69
          • Carter meetings, 71
          • Lewis Galindo discussions, 49, 54
          • Policy Review Committee discussions, 65
        • Final stages (Aug. 1977), 89, 90, 94
        • Boyd meetings, 6, 8, 9, 13
        • Congressional briefings, 45
        • Congressional lobbying strategy, 24
        • Defense Department role in, 30
        • House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee meeting, 83
        • National committee proposals, 43
        • Panamanian views of, 35
        • Senate Judiciary Subcommittee hearings, 60
        • U.S. negotiating strategy, 16
        • U.S. presidential campaign
          (1976), 1
      • Panama Canal treaty ratification process, 109, 123, 128, 137
        • Allen amendment, 149
        • Cabinet discussions, 96, 99, 140
        • Carter memoranda, 162
        • Carter-Torrijos correspondence,
          158
        • Christopher-Byrd discussions, 133, 146
        • Christopher memoranda, 105
        • GSP sugar benefits and, 164
        • Javits/Ribicoff discussions, 126
        • Letters to Senators, 144
        • Panamanian bond payment and, 147, 161
        • Panama plebiscite, 117
        • Senate delegations to Panama, 129
        • Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearings, 101, 106, 115
        • Senate Select Committee on Intelligence investigations, 100
        • Speeches, 131
        • Strategy planning, 98, 126, 137, 139, 141
        • U.S.-Venezuelan discussions, 163
      • Panamanian involvement in the Nicaraguan Revolution, 203, 228, 238
      • Panamanian public protests, 47
      • Salvadoran Civil War, 259, 262
      • Sea-level canal provisions, 64, 65,
        266
      • Shah of Iran residence in Panama, 261
      • U.S. investment mission to Panama, 226
      • U.S. policy review, 2, 6, 7, 8
    • Van Dyke, Ted, 59
    • Van Reigersberg, Stephanie, 27, 196
    • Vargas, Resires, 275
    • Vargas, Felix C., 252
    • Venezuela (see also Latin American countries), 31, 35, 54, 55, 58, 66