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Implementation Debates and Regional Concerns, April 20, 1978–January 13, 1981


169. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Christopher to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 20, Evening Reports (State), 4/78. Secret. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Warren.” Vance was in Moscow meeting with General Secretary Brezhnev.


170. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, White House Central Files, Subject File, FO 3–1, Panama Canal, 1. No classification marking. A copy was sent to Albright.


171. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 41, Pastor, Country, Panama, 4/78. No classification marking. Sent for action. An unknown hand wrote “April 26, 1980” on the memorandum, and another unknown hand wrote “[1978].”


172. Memorandum From the Department of Defense Representative for Panama Canal Treaty Affairs (Dolvin) to Multiple Recipients

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files, FRC: 330–81–0202, Panama 821 (May-Sept 1978). Confidential. A stamped notation reads: “May 9 1978 Dep Sec Has Seen.” Sent to Duncan, Alexander, Acting Chairman, JCS, and McGiffert.


173. Memorandum From the Deputy Secretary of Defense (Duncan) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 41, Pastor, Country, Panama, 4/78. No classification marking.


174. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Department of State, American Embassy Panama, 1978 Political Section Classified Files, Lot 81F59, Box 1, DEF 4 SOFA/JC Commission Affairs. Confidential. Stamped: “For Official Use Only.” Drafted by Patton. An unknown hand wrote on the memorandum: “I fully support the slow, graduated approach to combined military endeavor outlined by Gen Torrijos.”


175. Letter From President Carter to Panamanian President Lakas

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders, Box 15, Panama: President Demetrio B. Lakas, 5/78. No classification marking.


176. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Trip File, Box 13, President, Panama, 6/16–17/78: Cables and Memos, 5/12/78–6/13/78. No classification marking. Sent for action. Brzezinski wrote on the memorandum: “Urgent.”


177. Telegram From the Embassy in Panama to the Department of State

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Box 38, Brzezinski Office File Country Chron., Panama, 1–5/78. Confidential; Exdis. All brackets except those that indicate omitted text are in the original.


178. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Box 38, Brzezinski Office File Country Chron., Panama, 1–5/78. Confidential. Sent for action.


179. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Box 38, Brzezinski Office File Country Chron., Panama, 1–5/78. Top Secret. Sent for information. All brackets except those that indicate omitted text are in the original.


180. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 20, Evening Reports (State), 6/78. Secret. Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum and wrote: “Cy.”


181. Memorandum From Secretary of Defense Brown to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Trip File, Box 13, President, Panama, 6/16–17/78: Cables and Memos, 5/12/78–6/13/78. No classification marking.


182. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 41, Pastor, Country, Panama, 6/1–14/78. Limited Official Use. Sent for action.


183. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Trip File, Box 12, President, Panama, 6/16–17/78: Briefing Book (I). Secret.


184. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Trip File, Box 13, President, Panama, 6/16–17/78: Cables and Memos, 6/14–16/78. No classification marking. Carter initialed and wrote on the top-right of the memorandum: “Prepare nice reply to ltr—based on your memo—LMS.”


185. Letter From President Carter to General Torrijos

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders, Box 15, Panama: General Omar Torrijos Herrera 2/77–7/78. No classification marking.


186. Letter From the Deputy Secretary of State (Christopher) to the Deputy Secretary of Defense (Duncan)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files, FRC: 330–81–0202, Panama 1978. No classification marking.


187. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Reserve Affairs and Logistics (White) to Secretary of Defense Brown

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files, FRC: 330–87–0068, 1978–1979 Panama Canal Treaty Milcon Costs. No classification marking. Prepared by J.P. Sylva (CEC USN) on July 11. Dolvin concurred. A stamped notation reads: “SecDef Has Seen.” Brown wrote on the memorandum: “7/15 JLS should see this. I approve Option 1 in each case. This relays our good faith to Panama. I reserve the possibility of seeking Cong’l approval for contingency funds + reprogramming, at least for planning and for the initial items, if Congress rejects the FY 79 amendment.”


188. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (McIntyre) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 42, Pastor, Country, Panama, 8–12/78. No classification marking. Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum.


189. Memorandum From the President’s Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs (Aaron) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders, Box 15, Panama: General Omar Torrijos Herrera, 8/78–12/79. Confidential. Sent for action. Carter initialed and wrote on the top-right corner of the memorandum: “This is more encouraging to Torrijos than I want. Make it more non-commital. ’Other factors’—ok. ’Promise to include Panama’—no.”


190. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 60, Panama: 4/78–5/79. Confidential. Sent for information. Copy was sent to Jordan. Brzezinski wrote on the top of the memorandum: “DA sounds as if he was drunk!” Aaron wrote next to Brzezinski’s comment: “Indeed!”


191. Briefing Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Representative for Panama Treaty Affairs (Popper) to Acting Secretary of State Christopher

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P790020–1621. Limited Official Use.


192. Letter From Secretary of State Vance to Minister of Foreign Relations of Panama Gonzalez-Revilla

Source: National Archives, RG 218, Records of David C. Jones, Box 47, 820—Panama 3JC/78—26 Nov 80. No classification marking.


193. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, Staff Offices, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 42, Pastor, Country, Panama, 8–12/78. Confidential. Drafted by Moss. The meeting took place at the Army-Navy Club.


194. Telegram From the Embassy in Panama to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D780386–0419. Limited Official Use; Priority; Stadis.


195. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Carter Library, Staff Offices, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 42, Pastor, Country, Panama, 8–12/78. Confidential. Brzezinski was in his office for the telephone conversation.


196. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Carter Library, Staff Offices, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 42, Pastor, Country, Panama, 8–12/78. Confidential. Carter was in the Oval Office for the telephone conversation.


197. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Carter Library, Staff Offices, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 42, Pastor, Country, Panama, 8–12/78. Confidential.


198. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Box 38, Brzezinski Office File Country Chron., Panama, 7–12/78. Secret. The meeting took place in Brzezinski’s office.