Learn about the beta

Ratification of the Panama Canal Treaties, September 12, 1977–April 18, 1978


96. Minutes of a Cabinet Meeting

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of the Director of Central Intelligence, Job 80M00165A, Box 23, Folder 3: 468. No classification marking. The meeting ended at 11:04 a.m.


97. Memorandum From Ambassador at Large (Bunker) and the Panama Canal Treaty Co-Negotiator (Linowitz) to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, Brzezinski Donated Material, Box 7, Carter, Jimmy—Sensitive (1/77–9/78). Confidential. Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum.


98. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) and the Assistant to the President (Jordan) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Staff Material, North/South, Box 40, Pastor, Country, Panama, 9/8–15/77. No classification marking.


99. Minutes of a Cabinet Meeting

Source: Carter Library, Vertical File, Cabinet Meeting Minutes, 6/6/77–9/20/77. No classification marking. The meeting ended at 10:42 a.m.


100. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 19, Evening Reports (State), 9/77. Secret. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Cy.” All brackets are in the original except those indicating text omitted by the editors or that remains classified.


101. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Christopher to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, Plains File, Subject File, Box 12, State Department Evening Reports, 9/77. Secret. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Cy.”


102. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Box 38, Brzezinski Office File, Country Chron, Panama, 10–12/77. Confidential. The meetings took place at the Panamanian Embassy.


103. Memorandum From the Assistant to the President (Jordan) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, Chief of Staff, Hamilton Jordan’s Confidential Files, Box 36, Panama Canal Treaty, 9/77. Confidential. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Ham Coord c” State.”


104. Memorandum From the White House Congressional Liaison Aide (Thomson) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, Office of the Chief of Staff, Hamilton Jordan’s Confidential Files, Box 36, Panama Canal Treaty, 8/77(2). No classification marking. The memorandum was sent through Frank Moore.


105. Telegram From the Department of State to Secretary of State Vance’s Delegation

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P840072–1213. Secret; Cherokee; Immediate; Nodis. Drafted by Denis Lamb (D), cleared in S/S, and approved by Christopher.


106. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Christopher to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, Plains File, Subject File, Box 13, State Department Evening Reports, 10/77. Secret. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Warren.”


107. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Christopher to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 19, Evening Reports (State), 11/77. Secret. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Warren.”


108. Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (McIntyre) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, White House Central Files, Subject File, FO 3–1, Panama Canal, 11. No classification marking. Sent for action. A stamped notation on the document reads: “The President has seen.” Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum.


109. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 19, Evening Reports (State), 10/77. Secret. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Cy.”


110. Letter From President Carter to General Torrijos

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders, Box 15, Panama: General Omar Torrijos Herrera 2/77–7/78. No classification marking.


111. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 61, Panama: Canal Treaty of 1977, 10/1–30/77. Secret. Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum and wrote: “Prefer III.”


112. Memorandum From the Assistant to the President (Jordan) and Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Country File, Box 60, Panama: 1–10/77. No classification marking.


113. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Box 38, Brzezinski Office File Country Chron, Panama, 10–12/77. Secret. Drafted by Pastor on October 19. The meeting took place in the Oval Office and in the Cabinet Room at the White House.


114. Memorandum From the Assistant to the President (Jordan) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, Chief of Staff, Hamilton Jordan’s Confidential Files, Box 36, Panama Canal Treaty, 10, 11, 12/77(1). Confidential; Personal.


115. Briefing Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations (Bennet) to Secretary of State Vance

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, P770168–2028. Unclassified. Vance’s initials are stamped on the bottom-right of the memorandum.


116. Memorandum From Robert Pastor of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Brzezinski Office File, Box 38, Brzezinski Office File Country Chron, Panama, 10–12/77. Confidential. Brzezinski wrote: “WR or morning notes ZB” on the top-right of the memorandum. Aaron and Inderfurth initialed the top-right and end of the memorandum, respectively. A copy was sent to Jordan.


117. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 19, Evening Reports (State), 10/77. Secret. Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum and wrote: “Cy.”


118. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders, Box 15, Panama: General Omar Torrijos Herrera 2/77–7/78. No classification marking. Sent for action. A stamped notation reads: “The President has seen.” Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum and wrote: “Send this ltr—I’ll draft other.”


119. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, Office of the Chief of Staff, Hamilton Jordan’s Confidential Files, Box 36, Panama Canal Treaty 9/77. Confidential. Carter initialed the memorandum.


120. Telegram From the Embassy in Panama to the White House

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 8, Backchannel Messages: Latin America: 6/77–12/78. Secret; Immediate; Sensitive; Eyes Only. All brackets are in the original except those indicating text that remains classified.


121. Letter From President Carter to General Torrijos

Source: Carter Library, White House Central Files, Subject File, FO 3–1, Panama Canal, 1. No classification marking.


122. Memorandum From the Assistant to the President (Jordan) to President Carter and the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski)

Source: Carter Library, Chief of Staff, Hamilton Jordan’s Confidential Files, Box 36, Panama Canal Treaty, 9/77. Confidential; Personal. Carter initialed the top-right of the memorandum.


123. Memorandum From Secretary of State Vance to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 19, Evening Reports (State), 12/77. Secret. Carter initialed the memorandum and wrote: “Cy.”


124. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations (Bennet), the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations (Beckel) and the White House Congressional Liaison Aide (Thomson) to the Assistant to the President (Jordan) and the Assistant to the President for Congressional Liaison (Moore)

Source: Carter Library, Papers of George D. Moffett, Box 7, (Memoranda—White House, 6/14/77–3/27/78). No classification marking. Carter initialed the top-right of the memorandum and wrote: “Ham—let’s have a top staff meeting c¯ the VP & me on this.”


125. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Christopher to President Carter

Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 19, Evening Reports (State), 12/77. Secret. Carter initialed the top-right corner of the memorandum and wrote: “Warren.”