63. Memorandum From Harold Horan of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)1 2
- Burundi Problem—A Response of African Leadership
Attached is an information memorandum (Tab I) to you from State reviewing recent developments concerning Burundi, some of which I have reported as briefing items.
The memorandum makes two essential points. First, the leaders of Tanzania, Rwanda and Zaire have all promised assistance in guaranteeing the security of Burundi’s borders against further incursions by dissident Hutu refugees in their countries. The Government of Burundi has consistently maintained that the killings of Hutu inside Burundi have been the result of threats and attacks by these refugees against the Tutsi. Hopefully, State’s memorandum observes, in return for guaranteeing the security of Burundi’s borders, its neighbors will demand that the Government of Burundi find a non-violent solution to its ethnic problems.
Secondly, President Mobutu’s leadership in recent meetings with the others was critical and has added to his stature in Africa.[Page 2]
- Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 735, Country Files, Africa, Burundi. Limited Official Use. Sent for information. Kissinger initialed the covering memorandum from Horan.↩
- Horan summarized a memorandum from Executive Secretary of the Department of State Pickering to Kissinger indicating that African leaders responded favorably to U.S. suggestions that they take responsibility for resolving the conflict in Burundi and that Mobutu’s stature in Africa had increased.↩