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Index

References are to document numbers

  • Abel, Iorwith W., 215
  • Ad Hoc Interagency Group on Critical Imported Materials, 260
  • Ad Hoc Interagency Group on International Cooperation in Agriculture, 252
  • Africa, 31, 138
  • African Development Bank, 242
  • African Development Fund, 243, 303
  • Agency for International Development (AID), 109, 247, 258, 264, 301, 303
  • Agnew, Spiro, 160, 172, 187
  • Agreements, international:
    • International Grains Arrangement (1967), 162
    • International Wheat Agreement (1971), 162, 230
    • Joint float agreement (Mar. 1973), 32, 35
  • Agreements with the United States:
    • Azores Agreement, 247
    • Okinawa Reversion Agreement (1971), 5
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act (1933), 162
  • Agricultural Development Fund, 278
  • Agriculture (see also Export controls; Grain reserves; Less-developed countries; Stockpiles; Multilateral trade negotiations agriculture discussions):
    • Commodities:
    • Financing for development of, 310
    • Food prices, 258
    • Foreign policy decisions on, 58
    • International cooperation in, 245, 246, 252, 256
    • Protectionism, 123, 162, 166
    • Puerto Rico Economic Summit on, 143
    • Trade Negotiating Committee discussions on, 193, 203, 204, 205
    • Wheat cartel proposal, 38, 41, 124
    • World Food Conference, 230, 251, 256, 262, 263
  • Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act (1973), 162
  • Agriculture, U.S. Department of (USDA):
    • Export controls, 174
    • Food reserves, 263
    • Generalized System of Preferences, 236
    • Grain reserves, 284, 288
    • International cooperation in agriculture, 245, 252
    • Multilateral trade negotiations, 225
    • P.L. 480 aid, 247, 264
    • Wheat prices, 281
    • World Food Conference, 251
  • Aichi Kiichi, 5, 13, 21, 57
  • Aiken, George, 169, 187, 216
  • Aircraft, 10
  • Alaska oil pipeline, 124
  • Albert, Carl, 169, 187, 189, 196, 197, 201, 212
  • Algeria, 94, 124, 286, 300, 304
  • Alkhimov, Vladimir S., 163, 186
  • Allende, Salvador, 26
  • Alumina, 260, 261
  • American Farm Bureau, 263
  • American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO), 153, 158, 183, 192, 194, 236
  • American selling price, 37, 162
  • Amitay, Morris, 218
  • Anderson, John, 187
  • Anderson, Robert, 63, 243
  • Andreotti, Giulio, 152
  • Anemia, 310
  • Angola, 149
  • Anti-dumping policies, 104, 130, 153
  • Anti-Semitism, 169
  • Anti-trust investigations, 135
  • Apel, Hans, 89, 122, 148, 151, 235
  • Arab League, 135
  • Arends, Leslie, 187
  • Argentina, 38, 41, 173, 225, 262
  • Armstrong, Anne, 172, 187
  • Ash, Roy L., 77, 162, 181, 187
    • Critical imported commodities, 255
    • Export controls, 172
    • International cooperation in agriculture, 246
    • International Development Association, 243
    • International monetary system reform, 16, 17
    • P.L. 480 food aid, 253, 263, 264, 265, 266, 276, 281, 282
    • Soames-Nixon meetings, 160
    • Troika meetings, 59
    • UNGA special session on raw materials and development, 257
    • World Food Conference, 269, 271, 273, 274, 277, 280
  • Asia, 31
  • Asian Development Bank, 149, 242, 243, 244, 303
  • Atherton, Alfred L., Jr., 63
  • Atlantic Charter, 58
  • Australia:
    • Bauxite production in, 260
    • Commodities, 124, 149, 173, 245, 290
    • Conference on International Economic Cooperation, 300
    • Economic role of, 58
    • Food Exporters Group proposal, 280
    • International monetary system reform, 40
    • Multilateral trade negotiations, 225, 230, 232, 234
    • Protectionism, 123
    • Stockpiles, 262, 301, 310
    • U.S. imports of critical commodities from, 260
  • Auto efficiency standards, 124
  • Auto imports, 123, 130, 239, 240
  • Azores Agreement, 247
  • Bahr, Egon, 109, 140, 292
  • Balabanis, Gordon, 129
  • Balance of payments:
    • British position, 122
    • Dollar devaluation and, 162
    • French-U.S. talks, 41
    • FRG position, 44, 148
    • FRG–U.S., 3, 5
    • IMF actions on, 64
    • Italian position, 148
    • Japan-U.S., 3, 4, 5
    • LDCs, 125, 129
    • Offset payments, 52, 201
    • Oil crisis and, 209
    • Soviet bloc, 125
    • Surcharge/quota imposition and, 168
    • U.S. position, 37, 39, 147, 148, 160, 161
  • Bananas, 124, 290, 307
  • Bangladesh:
  • Bank of England, 134
  • Bank of France, 40, 41, 127, 130
  • Bank for International Settlements (BIS), 32, 35, 127
  • Bank of Italy, 131
  • Barber, Anthony, 7, 10, 16, 17, 23, 52
  • Barbian, Paul, 117
  • Barnum, James, 280
  • Barraclough, William, 228
  • Barré, Raymond:
    • Commodities, 151
    • Four-power secret meeting of Finance Ministers, Paris (Oct. 1976), 151
    • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 104, 105, 114
      • Carlton Group preparatory meeting, 118, 119, 120
  • Bauxite, 124, 260, 261, 287, 307
  • Bechtel Corporation, 135
  • Beef, 162
  • Belgium:
    • Commodities, 149
    • Economic stimulus measures, 95
    • Exchange rates, 126, 146
    • Gold, 3, 56
    • Joint float agreement (Mar. 1973), 32, 35
    • U.S. imports from, 238
  • Bell, Richard E., 77, 262, 280
  • Benedick, Richard, 254
  • Bennett, Douglas, 89
  • Bennett, Jack F., 9, 60, 61, 65
    • Commodities, 293
    • French-U.S. monetary system reform talks, 10
    • Gold, 64, 70, 71, 72, 79, 81, 84, 85
    • Resignation of, 92
  • Bennett, Wallace F., 187, 208, 221
  • Biemiller, Andy, 158
  • Birnbaum, Phil, 262
  • Birnberg, Richard, 263
  • Blindness, 310
  • Boeker, Paul H., 63, 114, 116, 284, 286
  • Boerma, Addeke H., 259
  • Boerner, Michael, 224
  • Bolivia, 185, 247
  • Boumedienne, Houari, 292
  • Brandt, Willy:
    • Ford view of, 292
    • International monetary system reform:
      • British-FRG talks, 15, 22, 34
      • Currency crisis, 22, 25, 27
      • FRG–U.S. talks on, 9, 30, 32, 37
      • Japanese-U.S. talks on, 5
      • U.S. proposal, 7, 8
      • U.S. view of European role in, 17, 18
    • Nixon correspondence, 6, 9, 15, 16, 18, 30
    • Resignation of, 64
    • U.S. view of, 167
  • Brazil:
    • Bauxite production in, 260
    • Commodities, 149
    • Economic development in, 242, 258
    • Economic role of, 58
    • Food reserves, 262
    • IFC aid to, 298
    • International monetary system reform, 40
    • Multilateral trade negotiations, 234
    • Tokyo Declaration (1973), 185
    • United States, relations with, 300
    • U.S. imports from, 238, 239, 240
    • U.S. protectionism and, 130, 235, 238, 239
    • U.S. trade disputes with, 234
  • Breeder reactors, 124
  • Bremer, L. Paul, 116, 270
  • Brennan, Peter J., 162, 181, 215
  • Bretton Woods system, 122, 123
  • Brezhnev, Leonid:
    • Brandt view of, 37
    • Jewish emigration linked to MFN, 163, 167, 187, 191, 207, 211, 215, 216, 221
    • Shultz view of, 37
    • Soviet economic problems, 149
    • Soviet IMF membership, 41
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 36
    • Washington visit (1973), 41
  • Bribery, 138, 140, 147, 149, 309
  • Bridgewater, Bernard A., 178, 204, 247, 253, 262
  • British Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting, Kingston (May 1975), 124
  • British Leyland, 123
  • Brock, William, III, 187
  • Brooks, Ronald, 47, 154, 160, 204
  • Brown, Lester, 310
  • Brunet, Jean-Pierre, 40
  • Brungart, Robert, 203
  • Brunthaver, Carroll, 162, 166, 247
  • Brussels Tariff Nomenclature (BTN), 162
  • Bryant, Ralph, 60, 62, 76, 81
  • Buffer stocks. See Stockpiles Buffum, William B., 263, 278, 299
  • Bull, Stephen B., 169
  • Burden sharing, 262, 263, 271
  • Burke-Hartke Bill (1973), 153, 154, 159, 162, 168, 200
  • Burke, James, 154
  • Burns, Arthur, 9, 85, 294
    • Consortium loans to Italy, 138
    • Exchange rates, 126, 140
    • Export controls, 172
    • Finance ministers meeting, France (Nov. 1973), 57
    • Gold:
      • Demonetization of, 70
      • EEC Zeist proposal, 63, 65
      • Ending of U.S. restraints on sales of, 75, 76
      • FRG–U.S. talks on, 89
      • Government purchases of, 86, 87, 90, 97, 98, 127
      • Martinique summit, 79, 81
      • Negotiation of new agreement on, 55, 66, 67, 68, 72
      • Sales of, 54
      • Termination of 1968 agreement on, 56
      • Treasury's shift in position on, 84
    • International monetary system reform, 1, 2, 3, 16, 17, 32, 34, 99
    • Monetary supply, 122
    • Stockpiles, 293
    • Trade Act (1974), 161
    • UNGA special session on raw materials and development, 257
    • U.S. economic recession, 94
  • Bush, George H.W., 131
  • Butler, Malcolm, 240, 288
  • Butter, 304
  • Butz, Earl, 77, 204, 226
  • Byrd Amendment to Defense Procurement Authorization Bill (1972), 210
  • Callaghan, James, 82
    • British economic recession, 94, 135, 136
    • East-West trade, 149
    • Economic recovery, 148
    • Energy, 147, 149
    • Inflation, 147, 148
    • North-South relations, 147
    • Political weakness of, 147
    • As Prime Minister, 235
    • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 139, 147, 148, 149
    • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 122
    • Substitution accounts, 146
  • Cambodia, 247, 262
  • Camp David conference on inflation (Sept. 1974), 218
  • Canada:
  • Canned hams, 121
  • Cannon, James A., III, 99, 294
  • Capital flows, 5, 12, 59, 107, 109, 147
  • CARE, 247
  • Carlson, James, 99
  • Cartels, 124, 223, 260, 286, 306
  • Carter, James Earl, Jr., 152
  • Casey, William J., 3, 28, 54, 178, 191, 204
  • Castor Oil, 130, 239
  • Ceaucescu, Nicolae, 211
  • Central bank placement problem, 32
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 260
  • Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 139
  • Ceramic tableware, 240
  • Chad, 303
  • Charter of Economic Rights and Duties, 286
  • Cheese, 235
  • Cheney, Richard, 99, 139, 270, 271, 294, 296
  • Chicken war, 238
  • Chile:
  • China, People's Republic of:
    • Agricultural imports, 43
    • Downey's release by, 187
    • Economic role of, 58
    • Food reserves, 262, 263, 271, 278
    • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 125
    • IMF/IBRD membership for, 43, 53, 58
    • International trade in agricultural products, 246
    • Nixon visit, 156
    • U.S. export controls, 173, 175
    • U.S. imports from, 239
    • U.S. trade agreements with, 153
    • Wheat sales to, 38, 177
    • World Food Conference, 251
  • China, Republic of:
    • British imports from, 123
    • IFC aid to, 298
    • U.S. import quotas on products of, 130
    • U.S. imports from, 234, 238, 239, 240
    • U.S. protectionism, 238
  • Chrome, 211
  • Chromium, 260
  • Church, Frank F., 140, 144
  • Citrus fruits, 178, 239
  • Clappier, Bernard, 107, 109
  • Clark, Richard C., 275, 276, 281
  • Clark, William, Jr., 235
  • Clean floats, 5
  • Clements, William, 260
  • Coal, 124
  • Cobalt, 260
  • Cocoa, 124, 291, 307
  • Coffee, 124, 291, 307
  • Cognac, 239
  • Colby, William E., 246, 255
  • Cole, Kenneth R., Jr., 77, 164, 187, 255, 256, 266, 274
  • Collums, Haley, 135, 136, 140, 144
  • Colombia, 185
  • Colombo, Emilio, 122, 148
  • COMECON, 41, 43, 125
  • Commerce, U.S. Department of:
    • Agriculture as multilateral trade negotiations topic, 165
    • Critical imported commodities stockpiles, 260
    • Export controls, 170, 174
    • Generalized System of Preferences, 236
    • Protectionism, 238
    • Services, 241
    • Trade statistics, 208
  • Committee on Reform of the International Monetary System (C–20):
    • Establishment of, 1
    • Gold transactions, 55
    • Interim Committee as successor to, 83
    • International aid to LDCs, 149
    • Meetings:
      • Japanese postponement, 5
      • Nairobi (Sept. 1973), 49, 52, 53, 61, 123, 239, 243, 244, 248
      • Rome (Jan. 1974), 59
      • Washington (Mar. 1973), 21
      • Washington (May 1973), 39, 40
      • Washington (July 1973), 40
      • Washington (June 1974), 64, 69
    • Monetary agreement proposals, 62
    • Slowness of negotiations in, 49
    • Special Drawing Rights, 59, 61
    • U.S. competitiveness, 160
  • Commodities. See Agriculture; Grain reserves; Stockpiles; Wheat Commodity agreements, 50, 52, 149, 286, 287, 292
  • Commodity consultations, 305
  • Commodity Credit Corporation, 162, 252, 253
  • Commodity initiatives, 286, 290, 296, 301
  • Commodity policy, 287, 290, 292, 293, 295, 305
  • Commodity Policy Coordinating Committee, 305, 307
  • Common Fund, 151, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308
  • Compensatory finance, 290, 305
  • Computers, 58
  • Conable, Barber, Jr., 187, 194
  • Conference on International Economic Cooperation (CIEC) (1975–1977):
    • Agreements, 300
    • Debt rescheduling, 143
    • Energy Commission, 138, 309
    • Energy price increases, 119, 124
    • Final meeting of, 149, 309
    • Grain reserves, 267, 270, 271
    • International monetary system reform, 129
    • International Resources Bank, 302, 305
    • Preparatory meeting for, 235
    • Stockpiles, 149
    • Trudeau as co-chair of, 147
    • UNCTAD Nairobi meeting, 304
  • Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), 45, 200
  • Congress, Acts of (see also P.L. 480 ; Trade Act (1974)):
    • Agricultural Adjustment Act (1933), 162
    • Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act (1973), 162
    • Burke-Hartke Bill (1973), 153, 154, 159, 162, 168, 200
    • Byrd Amendment to Defense Procurement Authorization Bill (1972), 210
    • Energy Independence Act (1975), 124
    • Export Administration Act, 170, 174
    • Export Control Act (1949), 206
    • Export-Import Bank Authorization Bill (1974), 210
    • Farm bill (1973), 153
    • Fur embargo, 178
    • Interest Equalization Tax legislation, 178
    • Johnson Act (1934), 178
    • Meat Import Act (1964), 239
    • Tariff Act (1930), 153
    • Trade Expansion Act (1962), 178
    • Trading with the Enemy Act (1917), 170, 174
    • Webb-Pomerene Act (1918), 168
  • Congress, U.S.:
    • Administration liaison actions, 235
    • Bribery, 149
    • Critical imported commodities, 260
    • Debt rescheduling, 306
    • East-West trade, 149
    • Export controls, 174
    • Foreign aid, 297
    • Generalized System of Preferences, 236
    • IMF Articles of Agreement ratification by, 128
    • International Development Association financing, 242
    • International monetary system reform, 3
    • Minimum safeguard price (MSP), 116
    • Private ownership of gold, 39, 55, 65, 80
    • Protectionist bias of, 153
    • Security assistance cuts by, 114
    • Soviet MFN status, 163, 182, 187
    • Trade, 149
    • UNCTAD Nairobi meeting, 301
  • Connally, John B., Jr., 31, 161, 172
  • Connor, James, 99
  • Conservation programs, 120, 124
  • Consultative Group on Food Production and Investment (CGFPI), 310
  • Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), 310
  • Cook, Richard, 161, 164, 169
  • Cooke, Terence J. Cardinal, 279
  • Coombs, 32
  • Cooper, Charles, 39, 204, 297
    • Commodities, 293
    • Currency crisis, 46, 47, 49
    • Export controls, 174, 175, 176, 177, 180
    • International cooperation in agriculture, 245
    • International Development Association replenishment, 243
    • P.L. 480 reductions, 247, 253
    • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 93, 114, 116
    • Trade Act (1974), 192
    • UNGA special session on raw materials and development, 257, 258
    • World Food Conference, 251, 262
  • Copper, 124, 149, 260, 287, 301, 307
  • Corman, James C., 186
  • Corn, 177, 180, 247, 263, 264, 266
  • Cost of Living Council, 170
  • Cotton, 162, 247, 253, 307
  • Cotton, Norris, 187
  • Cottonseed, 46, 49, 50, 170
  • Cotton yarns, 130, 239
  • Council of Economic Advisors (CEA), 264
  • Council on International Economic Policy (CIEP):
    • Agriculture in multilateral trade negotiations, 166
    • Critical imported commodities stockpiles, 260
    • Elimination of, 167
    • Food reserves, 259, 263, 267, 270, 271
    • Grain reserves, 284, 288
    • Import quotas, 177
    • International cooperation in agriculture, 245, 256
    • Meetings, 178, 204
    • P.L. 480 food aid, 264
    • Trade Act (1974), 202
    • World Food Conference, 262, 267
  • Council on International Policy Study Memorandum 33, 255, 260, 261
  • Countervailing duties, 123, 130, 153, 178, 202, 235, 239
  • Couve de Murville, Maurice, 81
  • Cranston, Alan, 235
  • Critical imported commodities, 255, 260, 261
  • Crosland, Anthony, 148
  • Cross, Sam Y., 5, 40, 61, 104, 127
  • Cuba, 149, 185
  • Currency (see also International monetary system reform):
    • Deutschemark revaluation, 44
    • Floats:
    • Japanese revaluation, 3, 5, 11, 13, 26, 40
    • Joint revaluation (Mar. 11, 1973), 32, 35
    • U.S. dollar devaluation, 12, 16, 41, 162
  • Czechoslovakia, 294
  • Dairy products, 162
  • Dale, Francis L., 227, 229
  • Dam, Kenneth, 164, 178, 183, 204
  • Davignon, Étienne, 116
  • Davis, Jeanne, 169, 284
  • Deal, Timothy, 240
  • Debt, 58, 301, 304
  • Debt rescheduling, 143, 306, 309
  • Declaration of Tokyo (1973), 123, 125, 147, 185, 200, 203, 224, 236
  • De Clercq, Willy, 61
  • Defense, U.S. Department of, 52, 160, 260
  • Deficiency payments, 166
  • De Gaulle, Charles, 42
  • Denmark, 22, 32, 35, 40, 95, 146
  • Dent, Frederick, 162, 181, 226
    • Commodity policy, 295
    • Critical imported commodities, 255, 260
    • European economic recession, 131
    • Export controls, 170, 172, 180
    • Import quotas, 130, 131
    • International cooperation in agriculture, 256
    • Multilateral trade negotiations:
      • Agriculture in, 165, 230, 233, 237
      • Options for negotiation in, 226, 231
      • Protectionism and, 235, 237
      • U.S. long-term contractual arrangements on imports with, 234
      • U.S. negotiating objectives, 232
    • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 140
    • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 114, 116
    • Trade Act (1974), 178, 204, 206, 239
    • Visit to Moscow (Sept.–Oct. 1973), 191
    • World Food Conference, 262
  • Dent, John Herman, 140
  • Den Uyl, Joop, 138
  • Détente:
    • British position, 149
    • French position, 41
    • Italian position, 125
    • Soviet position, 191
    • U.S. position, 140, 168, 183, 232
  • Development assistance, 58, 83, 309
  • Dinitz, Simcha, 211
  • Dirty float, 5
  • Disaster relief, 251
  • Dispute resolution, 149
  • Dobbins, James, 117, 118, 119, 120
  • Dobrynin, Anatoly, 168, 169, 191, 196, 197, 207, 210, 211, 215
  • Downey, John, 187
  • Duisenberg, Willem Frederik, 63, 64, 109
  • Dumping, 104, 121, 123, 130, 153, 235, 239, 240
  • Dunham, Richard, 99
  • Dunlop, John:
    • Commodity policy, 294, 295
    • Export controls, 169, 171
    • Gold, 90, 99
    • Grain reserves, 291
    • P.L. 480 food aid, 253
  • Dunn, John M., 114, 116, 262, 289, 297
  • DuSault, Phil, 262
  • Dutton, William, 37
  • Eagleburger, Lawrence, 63
  • Earnings stabilization, 290, 293, 295, 298, 309, 310
  • Eastern Europe (see also individual countries):
    • Exchange rates, 123
    • Food stockpiles in, 310
    • Trade with, 40, 123
    • United States, relations with, 309
  • East-West trade:
    • Administration-Congressional differences over, 149
    • British position, 125
    • French position, 125
    • FRG position, 125, 148
    • Italian position, 104, 112, 119, 121, 125, 149
    • Puerto Rico Economic Summit on, 150
  • East-West Trade Board, 239
  • Easum, Donald, 63
  • Eberle, William, 162, 181, 204
    • Agriculture in multilateral trade negotiations, 225
    • Critical imported commodities, 260, 261
    • Food reserves, 262, 263
    • Gold, 77
    • International cooperation in agriculture, 246, 256
    • OECD trade pledge, 209
    • P.L. 480 food aid, 276
    • Trade Act (1974), 154, 212
    • World Food Conference, 267, 269, 273, 274, 280
  • Economic development assistance, 83, 309
  • Economic interdependence, limits to, 58
  • Economic Policy Board:
  • Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), 149, 278
  • Economic Stabilization Program Phase IV, 46, 48, 49, 176
  • Economic stimulus measures, 95, 138
  • Economic stockpiles, 260, 261, 286, 290
  • Ecuador, 185, 239
  • Egypt, 189, 258, 262
  • U.S. economic aid to, 263, 264, 280, 309
  • Ehrlichman, John, 4, 9, 12, 157, 163, 164, 194
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D., 243
  • Eisenhower, Julie, 256
  • Elections:
    • Chile (Mar. 1973), 26
    • Federal Republic of Germany (Oct. 1976), 138, 147
    • France (Mar. 1973), 7, 16, 24, 26, 30
    • France (May 1974), 63, 64, 65
    • France (Mar. 1977), 121
    • Italy (June 1976), 138, 147
    • Protectionism and, 238
    • United States (1974), 200, 269
    • United States (1976), 121, 147
  • Electronic products, 239
  • Eliot, Theodore, 166
  • Elizabeth II, Queen, 122
  • Ellerman, A. Denny, 264, 282
  • Ely, Michael, 301
  • Embargoes, 260
  • Emminger, Otmar, 109
  • Employment upgrading mechanisms, 153
  • Enders, Thomas O., 99, 117
  • Energy (see also Oil):
    • Conference, Washington (Feb. 1974), 235
    • Conservation programs, 120, 124, 149
    • Cooperation, 309
    • Nuclear, 149
    • Price increases, 64, 80, 119, 124
    • Puerto Rico Economic Summit on, 138, 145, 149
    • Self-sufficiency in, 58
    • Energy Independence Act (1975), 124
    • Equilibrium systems, 17
    • Erb, Richard, 204
    • Escovar Salom, Ramon, 304
    • Eurodollars, 32
    • European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (FEOGA), 166
    • European Economic Community (EEC) (see also individual countries):
      • 113 Committee, 203
      • Agricultural exports, 43
      • Banning of hard wheat exports by, 180
      • As commodity exporter, 290
      • Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), 28
      • Coordination in approaches to LDCs, 306
      • Deficiency payments, 166
      • Economic independence from the United States, 58
      • Energy cooperation, 124
      • Enlargement of, 22, 40, 159
      • Exchange rates, 126
      • Food Exporters Group proposal, 280
      • Food reserves, 262, 263
      • Free trade agreement with Sweden, 40
      • Gold, 54, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 68
      • Joint float agreement (Mar. 1973), 32, 35
      • Multilateral trade negotiations, 153, 203, 224, 225, 226, 230
      • Oil crisis, 5
      • Preferential trading arrangements, 156, 159
      • Puerto Rico Economic Summit and, 138, 143
      • Reverse preferences with LDCs, 38
      • Surcharges on imports, 40
      • Tariff and nontariff practices in, 29, 37, 162
      • United States, relations with, 29, 30, 45, 165, 234
      • U.S. export controls, 173, 175
      • U.S. position, 162
      • U.S. protectionism in, 238
      • U.S. view of, 147, 156, 159
      • Wheat sales, 253
    • European economic recession (see also U.S. economic recession; specific countries):
    • European integration:
    • European Security Conference, 16
    • Europe's role in the world, 38
    • Exchange rates:
    • Export Administration Act, 170, 174
    • Export Control Act (1949), 206
    • Export controls:
    • Export-Import Bank, 104, 168, 183, 186, 195, 260, 261
    • Export-Import Bank Authorization Bill (1974), 210
    • Exports (see also Export controls):
      • Coal, 114
      • Food, 43, 310
      • Subsidizing of, 162
      • U.S. stimulation of, 160
    • Expropriation of foreign-owned property, 58, 121
    • Fairbanks, Richard, 256
    • Famine, 309, 310
    • Federal Reserve, 86
    • Feed grains, 170
    • Feldman, Mark, 263
    • Fellner, William J., 67
    • Ferrochrome, 260
    • Fertilizer, 267, 280
    • Feuerbach, Ludwig, 310
    • Fiji, 304
    • Financial Support Fund, 133, 134, 135, 142, 148
    • Finlandization, 45
    • FitzGerald, William G.H., 26
    • Flanigan, Peter, 155, 181, 183, 186, 203, 208, 260
      • Agriculture as multilateral trade negotiations topic, 165, 166
      • Balance of payments, 3
      • CIEP elimination, 167
      • Critical imported commodities, 255
      • Export controls, 172
      • Gold, 54, 66, 67
      • International cooperation in agriculture, 256
      • International Development Association, 243
      • International monetary system reform, 1
      • MFN option paper, 167, 169
      • Mills visits with, 161, 163
      • Nixon-Pompidou meeting (Reykjavik, May–June 1973), 39
      • North-South relations, P.L. 480 food aid, 253
      • Soames-Nixon meetings, 159, 160
      • Trade Act (1974):
        • Administration's objectives in Senate for, 204
        • Arguments in favor of, 153
        • Description of, 168
        • Dobrynin discussion with, 196, 197
        • Effect of failure to pass, 200
        • Emigration link to MFN for Soviets, 188, 190
        • Role in, 194
        • Schedule for hearings on, 163, 164
        • Status in committee of, 178
        • Timing for House action on, 189, 198, 199, 201
      • UNGA special session on raw materials and development, 257
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 43, 124, 251, 254, 262, 278, 310
  • Food Aid Convention, 253
  • Food Exporters Group proposal, 280
  • Food for Peace Program. See P.L. 480
  • Food policy, 256, 310
  • Food prices, 258
  • Food production, 251, 256, 310
  • Food reserves. See Grain reserves; Stockpiles.
  • Food security, 230, 310
  • Ford, Betty, 218
  • Ford, Gerald R., 226
    • Balance of payments, 148
    • Bribery, 149
    • Commodities, 292, 294
    • Conference on International Economic Cooperation, 300
    • East-West trade, 125, 149, 150
    • Economic development assistance, 83, 309
    • Energy, 112, 124, 147, 149
    • European economic recession, 131
    • Exchange rates, 98, 123, 128
    • Four-power secret meeting of Finance Ministers, Paris (Oct. 1976), 151
    • Giscard correspondence, 100, 105, 110, 117, 237
    • Gold:
      • Ending of U.S. restraints on sales of, 77
      • French-U.S. talks on, 76
      • FRG–U.S. talks on, 89
      • Government purchases of, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 97
      • Interim Committee meetings, 87, 89, 90, 100, 108, 128
      • Martinique summit, 79
      • Negotiation of new agreement on, 74
    • Grain reserves, 291
    • Import quotas, 131
    • Inflation, 147, 148
    • International Fund for Agricultural Development, 293, 298
    • International Monetary Fund:
    • International monetary system reform, 98, 99
    • International Resources Bank, 302, 303
    • Investment, 147, 149
    • LDCs, 294
    • London Economic Summit (May 1977), 152
    • Miki correspondence, 100, 117
    • Moro correspondence, 100, 108, 117
    • Multilateral trade negotiations, 149, 231, 232, 236, 237, 241
    • New York City debt crisis, 109, 123
    • North-South relations, 149, 150
    • Oil prices, 124
    • Protectionism, 122
    • Puerto Rico Economic Summit:
    • Rambouillet Economic Summit:
      • Canadian participation, 103, 105, 106, 110, 111, 113, 115
      • Carlton Group preparatory meeting, 119
      • Communiqué for summit, 124
      • Discussions at, 122, 123, 124, 125
      • Italian participation in, 103, 105, 108
      • Joint announcement of, 102
      • Planning meetings for, 103
      • Preparation for, 116
      • Shultz discussions in Europe, 102
      • U.S. goals for, 121
    • Schmidt correspondence, 89, 100, 108, 117, 137
    • Schmidt meeting (July 1975), 94
    • Soviet MFN status, 169
    • Trade, 123, 149
    • Trade Act (1974):
      • Administration discussions with Sen. Jackson, 210, 211, 215, 216, 220, 221
      • Draft of language for granting MFN status, 213, 214
      • Emigration link to MFN for Soviets, 191
      • International trade as impacted by, 240
      • Passage and signing of, 223
      • Principles of agreement on proposed waiver of, 222
      • Schedule for hearings on, 161
      • Three letters issue, 217, 218, 219
      • U.S. trade policy and, 239
      • Trudeau correspondence, 114
      • UNCTAD Nairobi meeting, 147
      • UNGA Seventh Special Session, 296, 298
      • Uranium enrichment, 292
      • U.S. economic recession, 82, 94
      • Visits:
      • Fosdick, Dorothy, 207, 217, 218
      • Fourcade, Jean-Pierre, 79, 114, 125, 148
      • Four-power secret meeting of Finance Ministers, Paris (Oct. 1976), 151
      • Fox, Lawrence A., 178, 204, 262
      • France:
      • Frank, Charles, 286
      • Frelinghuysen, Peter, 216
      • Friderichs, Hans, 34, 94
      • Friedersdorf, Max, 99, 187
      • Fruits and vegetables, 162
      • Fukuda Takeo, 146
      • Fulbright, J. William, 216
      • G–10 meetings, 83, 85, 126
      • Gammon, Samuel, 182, 260
      • Gardner, Stephen, 280, 297
      • Garment, Leonard, 187, 189, 194
      • Garten, Jeffrey, 286, 301
      • Gehlhoff, Walter, 94
      • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT):
        • Agriculture, 162, 193
        • Articles of Agreement, 178, 185, 232
        • Committee on Trade in Industrial Products (CTIP), 165
        • Critical imported commodities issues in, 260
        • Dispute resolution, 149
        • Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC) provisions, 239
        • FRG position, 122
        • Institutional reform of, 232
        • International economy as market economy, 58
      • Kennedy Round, 123
        • Meetings:
        • Multilateral trade negotiations, 153
        • People's Republic of China's role in, 125
        • Safeguard system, 36, 185
        • Self-sufficiency in food and fuels, 58
        • Soviet role in, 125
        • Tariffs on aircraft imports, 10
        • Tokyo Round, 123, 125
        • Trade Act, 38, 202
        • Trade liberalization, 149
        • Trade Negotiating Committee, 185, 193, 203, 204, 205, 224, 229, 230
        • U.S. position, 28
      • Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 157, 168, 200, 223, 234, 236, 239, 301
      • General Services Administration (GSA), 260
      • Genscher, Hans-Dietrich, 94, 109, 122, 148, 304
      • Gentlemen's Agreement on Export Credits, 125
      • Gergen, David, 50, 243
      • Germany, Democratic Republic of, 262
      • Germany, Federal Republic of (FRG):
        • Balance of payments with the United States, 3, 5
        • Bank loans to Soviet Bloc nations, 149
        • Commodities, 149, 304
        • Coordination in approaches to LDCs, 306
        • East-West trade, 125, 148, 149
        • Economic recession in, 91, 94
        • Economic stimulus measures, 95
        • Elections (Oct. 1976), 138, 147
        • Exchange rates, 123, 126
        • Finance ministers meeting (France, Nov. 1973), 57
        • France, relations with, 7
        • French view of, 38
        • GNP decrease in, 122
        • Gold, 44, 56, 60, 61, 63, 86, 88, 89, 95, 98
        • Import quotas, 130
        • Integrated Commodity Program proposal, 309
        • International monetary system reform:
          • British-FRG talks, 15, 16, 34, 37
          • Currency crisis, 22, 24, 26
          • FRG position, 6, 16, 25, 26, 44
          • FRG–U.S. talks, 25, 27, 30, 37
          • Joint float agreement (Mar. 1973), 32, 35
          • U.S. position, 7, 9
        • Loans to Italy, 75
        • Offset payments, 201
        • Political parties, 26, 147, 212
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 137, 142
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 95, 103, 105, 109, 120, 121, 292
        • Raw materials as lacking in, 124
        • Shultz visit, 133, 134, 135, 137
        • Socialism in, 294
        • Soviet agreement on emigration with, 211
        • Unemployment, 122, 148
        • U.S. imports from, 238
      • Gerrymandering, 26
      • Gerstacker, Carl, 160
      • Gierek, Edward, 148
      • Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry:
        • Commodity agreements, 292
        • East-West trade, 125, 149
        • Economic recovery, 148
        • Election as President of France, 65
        • Energy, 124, 147
        • European economic recession, 135
        • European integration, 69
        • Exchange rates, 109, 121, 123, 130, 131
        • Finance ministers meeting, France (Nov. 1973), 57
        • Ford correspondence, 100, 105, 110, 117, 237
        • GATT meeting, Tokyo (Sept. 1973), 42, 123
        • Gold, 38, 39, 42, 68, 78, 79
        • Inflation, 148
        • International Energy Conference, 294
        • International monetary system reform, 7, 10, 26, 34, 48
        • Italian financial aid needs, 148
        • Kissinger meeting (July 1973), 49
        • London Economic Summit (May 1977), 152
        • Multilateral trade negotiations, 123
        • New York City debt crisis, 123
        • North-South relations, 147
        • Political weakness of, 147
        • Pompidou-Nixon meeting in Reykjavik (May–June 1973), 42
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 136, 138, 141, 147, 148
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit:
        • Shultz meetings, 40, 48, 102
        • Tokyo Declaration, 236
        • U.S. economic recession, 91, 92, 94
        • U.S.-French relations, 52
        • Visits:
          • Martinique (Dec. 1974), 80
          • Moscow (Oct. 1975), 110
          • United States (May 1976), 136, 138
      • Glitman, Maynard, 224, 229
      • Global Information and Early Warning System, 310
      • Gold (see also International monetary system reform):
        • Demonetization of, 61, 63, 68, 70, 78, 98, 101, 128, 129
        • EEC Zeist proposal, 63, 64, 65, 68
        • French revaluation of reserves, 97
        • French-U.S. agreement on, 126
        • French-U.S. talks on, 10, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41
        • FRG–U.S. talks on, 89
        • Government purchases of:
        • IMF account for LDCs funded by sales of, 83, 85, 87, 98, 101, 108, 121, 124, 128, 129
        • Interim Committee meeting on, 100, 101
        • Negotiation of new agreement on, 55, 62, 66, 67, 68, 69, 72, 73, 83, 85
        • 1968 agreement on, 56, 81
        • Pricing of:
        • Private ownership, 3
          • Congressional action on, 39, 55, 65, 80
          • Decision on, 71, 77
          • Deferral of decision on, 54
          • Postponement of date for, 72, 73, 75, 76, 77
        • Soviet-U.S. talks on, 36
        • Special Drawing Rights as replacement for, 69
        • Treasury shift in position on, 84
        • Two-tier market in, 3
        • U.S. actions on, possible, 60
        • U.S. negotiating options on, 61
        • U.S. sales of, 44, 46, 54, 60, 61, 62
    • Gold, Joseph, 126
    • Gold, Ruth, 306
    • Goldfinger, Nat, 158
    • Golf carts, 238
    • Gompert, David, 270
    • Goodman, Richard, 178, 204, 229
    • Gorog, William, 303
    • Grain deficits, 310
    • Grain reserves (see also Agriculture; Stockpiles):
    • Gray, James, 124
    • Greenspan, Alan, 77, 86, 87
      • Commodities, 292, 294
      • Economic recovery, 144
      • European economic recession, 131, 133, 134
      • Government purchases of gold, 89, 90
      • Grain reserves, 289, 290
      • Import quantitative restrictions, 130
      • International monetary system reform, 99
      • P.L. 480 food aid, 266, 276
      • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 134, 135, 136, 140, 145, 147, 150
      • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 114, 116
      • Trade Act (1974), 161
      • U.S. economic recession, 94
      • World Food Conference, 269, 273, 274, 280
    • Greenwald, Joseph A., 140, 180, 238, 245, 306
    • Griffin, Robert, 187
    • Gromyko, Andrei, 63, 210, 215, 219
    • Group of 77, 124, 149, 286, 299, 301, 304
    • Guenther, Kenneth, 224, 228
    • Guinea, 260
    • Gundelach, Olav, 236
    • Gunning, David M., 178
    • Guyana, 140, 304
    • "Gymnich Encyclical," 149
    • Haferkamp, Wilhelm, 148
    • Haig, Alexander M., Jr.:
      • Export controls, 171, 174
      • International cooperation in agriculture, 256
      • International Development Association funding, 250
      • Trade Act (1974), 187, 188, 199, 210, 212
    • Haldeman, H.R., 9, 160
    • Ham, 121, 235, 236, 238
    • Hamilton, Lee, 114
    • Handbags, 130, 239
    • Hannah, John, 263, 293
    • Hansen, Roger, 183
    • Harlow, Bryce, 187, 201
    • Harriman, W. Averell, 279
    • Hartke, Rupert Vance, 154
    • Hartman, Arthur, 94, 111, 115
      • Gold, 63
      • Multilateral trade negotiations, 235, 236
      • OECD trade pledge, 209
      • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 114, 116, 235
    • Hartmann, Robert, 99
    • Hatfield, Mark O., 275, 276, 285
    • Havana Charter, 123
    • Hayes, Alfred, 16, 17
    • Hays, Wayne, 144
    • Head, Ivan, 115
    • Healey, Denis, 122, 140, 148, 151, 235
    • Heath, Edward:
      • Beef prices, 162
      • Gold, 41
      • International monetary system reform, 1, 2, 17, 18, 32
      • Nixon correspondence, 19, 22, 23
      • As Prime Minister, 30, 38
      • U.S.-European cooperation, 159
      • U.S. view of, 167
      • Visit to the United States (Feb. 1973), 1
    • Heller, Walter, 161
    • Helsinki Conference (1975), 95
    • Hendrix College, 157
    • Hesburgh, Theodore, 279
    • Hijzen, Theodore, 203, 227, 229, 236
    • Hillenbrand, Martin, 9, 34, 37, 94
    • Hinton, Deane R., 178, 204
    • Hiss, Dieter, 103
    • Hormats, Robert D., 1, 78, 89
      • Commodity policy, 290, 293, 295
      • Currency crisis, 49
      • European economic recession, 131
      • Four-power secret meeting of Finance Ministers (Paris, Oct. 1976), 151
      • Grain reserve negotiations, 284
      • Import quotas, 130
      • International monetary system reform, 1
      • P.L. 480 food aid, 283, 285
      • Protectionism, 236
      • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 136, 140, 141, 144, 145
      • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 112, 114, 116
      • Shultz-Giscard meeting (Reykjavik, May 1973), 40
      • Trade Act (1974), 212
      • World Food Conference, 270, 271, 273, 280
    • Horticulture, 162
    • Hosomi Takashi, 5, 21
    • House of Representatives, U.S.:
    • Hullin, Tod, 163
    • Humphrey, Hubert H., 216, 259, 265, 275, 276, 281, 284
    • Hungary, 294
    • Hunt, Sir John, 112, 118, 119, 120
    • Hyland, William G., 63
    • Imports:
    • Inamura Koichi, 5, 13, 21
    • India, 124
      • Agricultural development in, 310
      • Commodity agreements, 149
      • Economic development in, 258
      • Food reserves, 262
      • Multilateral trade negotiations, 229
      • P.L. 480 food aid, 258, 263, 264, 266, 281, 282, 285
      • U.S. export controls, 173
      • U.S. imports from, 239
      • Wheat purchases, 281
    • Indochina, 94, 242, 243, 253, 258, 264, 282
    • Indonesia, 160
    • Inflation:
      • Breakdown of Bretton Woods system due to, 122
      • Camp David conference on (Sept. 1974), 218
      • Canada, 147, 148
      • Food productivity levels and, 256, 310
      • France, 122
      • FRG position, 44, 148
      • Growth of domestic liquidity and, 98
      • Iran's effect on, 148
      • Italy, 122, 147, 148
      • Japan, 122, 147
      • Puerto Rico Economic Summit on, 141, 144, 145, 147, 148, 149
      • Rambouillet Economic Summit on, 104, 117, 122
      • Saudi Arabia's effect on, 148
      • United Kingdom, 122, 147, 148
      • U.S. actions to control, 44, 46
      • U.S. position, 46, 147, 148
    • Ingersoll, Robert S., 77
      • Commodities, 286, 293
      • Gold, 63
      • International monetary system reform, 5, 99
      • Protectionism, 236
      • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 114
      • World Food Conference, 273, 278, 280
    • Insurance, 241
    • Integrated Commodity Program proposal, 301, 306, 309
    • Intellectual property, 301
    • Interamerican Conference proposal, 304
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), 242
    • Interior, U.S. Department of, 260
    • International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) (see also International Development Association):
      • Development Committee, 83, 85, 87
      • Financing by, 253, 261, 278, 290, 298, 310
      • French position, 40
      • Nixon's view of, 259
      • People's Republic of China's role in, 43, 53, 58
      • Soviet role in, 41, 43, 58
      • U.S. capital increases for, 303
    • International Development Association (IDA) (see also International Bank of Reconstruction and Development; Less-developed countries; North-South relations), 40, 53
      • Annual replenishing of funds of, 128
      • Legislation funding, U.S. contribution to, 65, 80, 243, 248, 249, 250, 257
      • U.S. funding of, 242, 244
      • U.S. participation in, 254, 297
    • International economic policy, 309
    • International Energy Agency (IEA), 119, 121, 124, 147, 149, 293
    • International Energy Conference, Paris (Apr. 1975), 291
    • International Fertilizer Supply Scheme (IFSS), 310
    • International Finance Corporation (IFC), 242, 298
    • International food policy, 256, 310
    • International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 310
    • International Food Review Group, 273, 274, 277, 278, 280, 284, 288, 289
    • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 293, 298, 310
    • International Grains Arrangement (1967), 162
    • International Labor Conference, Geneva (June 1975), 294
    • International Monetary Fund (IMF):
      • Agreement on strengthening of, 59
      • Articles of Agreement:
      • Balance of payments lending fund, 64
      • British standby borrowing from, 151
      • Compensatory Financing Facility, 146, 305
      • Currency rules of, 40
      • Development Committee, 83, 85, 87, 128
      • Development Security Facility, 121, 126
      • General arrangements to borrow (GAB), 142, 146, 148, 151
      • FRG–U.S. talks on, 9
      • Gold:
      • Interim Committee, 98
      • International monetary system reform, 3, 40
      • Joint float agreement (Mar. 1973), 32, 35
      • Liberalization of compensatory financing mechanism, 297
      • Meetings, 95, 151, 153
      • Mexican loans from, 151
      • Oil facility, 83
      • Oil producers aid fund, 258
      • People's Republic of China's role in, 43, 53, 58
      • Quotas, 83, 87, 95, 97, 101, 108
      • Romanian membership, 43, 125
      • Soviet membership in, 41, 43, 58
      • Stockpiles financed by, 290
      • Third Window proposal, 83
      • Trade talks linked to, 185
      • Veto requirement reduction, 101, 108
      • World Food Conference and, 278
    • International Monetary Group (IMG), 127
    • International monetary system reform (see also Currency; Gold):
      • Agreement on, Jamaica (Jan. 1976), 128, 129, 142, 145, 147, 301
      • Background of, 39
      • British-FRG talks, 15, 16, 34, 37
      • British position, 22, 27
      • British-U.S. talks, 2
      • Capital controls, elimination of, 5, 12
      • Currency crisis, 21, 22, 25, 44, 47
        • Change to multipolar system, 58
        • Convertibility, 40, 41, 42, 57
        • Dollar devaluation, 12, 16, 41, 162
        • Dollar overhang, 29
        • Dollar speculation, 14
        • Europe as affected by, 49
        • Foreign policy importance of intervention in, 46, 49
        • G–10 communiqué, 32, 34
        • Japanese currency revaluation, 3, 5, 11, 13, 26, 40
        • Paris meeting (Mar. 1973), 32
        • Undervaluation of the dollar, 48, 49
        • U.S. discussions on, 16, 17, 24, 26
        • U.S. position, 18, 19, 20, 23, 46, 49, 52
      • Currency reserves composition, 29
      • EEC–U.S. differences over, 31, 33
      • European integration and, 17
      • French position, 43, 49, 50
      • French-U.S. talks, 26, 32, 36, 38, 39, 47, 48, 91, 92
      • FRG-French talks, 6, 10
      • FRG position, 6, 16, 25, 26, 44
      • FRG–U.S. talks, 25, 27, 30, 37
      • International concertation of economic action, 95
      • Italian position, 27
      • Japanese position, 21
      • Japanese-U.S. balance of payments, 3, 4, 5
      • LDC positions, 129
      • Ministerial discussions on, 201
      • Outline of Reform draft, 65
      • Pace of, 1
      • Planning for, 3, 5, 16, 17, 28, 29, 31
      • U.S. negotiating strategies for, 52, 98, 99
      • U.S. proposals for, 7, 8
      • U.S. view of European role in, 16, 17, 18, 19
    • International Resources Bank (IRB), 143, 149, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 309
    • International Trade Commission, 130, 238, 239
    • International Wheat Agreement (1971), 162, 230
    • International Wheat Council (IWC), 162, 230, 233, 234, 278, 310
    • Investment:
    • Iran, 83, 94, 124, 148, 300
    • Iraq, 124, 304
    • Ireland, 22, 32, 40, 224
    • Iron blue pigments, 240
    • Iron ore, 260, 287, 307
    • Irwin, John N., II, 40, 45, 48
    • Israel:
      • Agricultural production in, 310
      • Arab League boycott of, 135
      • Disengagement agreement with Syria, 208
      • As EC associate, 38
      • P.L. 480 food aid, 247, 264, 281
      • Protectionism in, 123
      • Troop pull-back, 59
      • UNCTAD Nairobi meeting, 304
      • Yom Kippur War, 124, 189
    • Italy:
    • Jackson, Henry M.:
      • Principles for Soviet acceptance of Jewish emigration, 207
      • Trade Act (1974):
      • Jackson, John, 178, 202, 207
      • Jackson-Vanik Amendment. See under Trade Act
      • Jamaica, 260
      • Japan:
      • Rice, 177, 247, 264, 266, 281, 282, 285, 310
      • Richardson, Elliot L., 150, 160, 238, 241
      • Rinfret, Pierre, 161
      • Robinson, Charles W., 226, 237, 284, 301
        • Commodities, 293
        • Conference on International Economic Cooperation, 235, 300, 302
        • European economic recession, 133, 134
        • International economic policy actions and issues, 309
        • International Resources Bank, 302
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 134, 135, 136, 140, 144, 145
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 114, 116
        • UNCTAD Nairobi meeting, 304
        • UNGA Seventh Special Session, 296, 297
        • U.S. protectionism, 235, 236
      • Rockefeller, David, 124
      • Rockefeller, Nelson A., 215
      • Rodman, Peter, 111, 116
      • Rogers, William D., 308
      • Rogers, William P., 162, 181
        • Balance of payments, 3
        • International cooperation in agriculture, 246
        • International monetary system reform, 6, 11
        • Pompidou-Nixon meetings, Reykjavik (May–June 1973), 39, 42
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 140, 144
        • Soames-Nixon meetings, 160
        • Trade Act (1974), 158
      • Romania:
        • Dairy exports, 43
        • East-West trade, 125
        • Economic problems in, 149
        • EC relations with, 41
        • IMF membership, 43, 125
        • Most-favored-nation status for, 153, 168, 211, 239
        • U.S. long-term contractual arrangements on imports with, 234
      • Rubber, 149, 260, 307
      • Rumor, Mariano, 103, 108, 122, 148
      • Rumsfeld, Donald, 99, 232, 270, 275, 292, 294, 296
      • Rural development, 124
      • Rush, Benjamin, 266
      • Rush, Kenneth:
        • Critical imported commodities, 255
        • Gold, 63, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 74
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 138
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 107
        • U.S. economic recession, 91
      • Ryukyu Islands, 5
      • Sadat, Anwar, 280
      • Safeguard system, 36, 185
      • Sahel, 251, 303
      • Sakharov, Andrei, 183, 186
      • Sanne, Carl-Werner, 37, 94
      • Sasaki Tadashi, 3
      • Saudi Arabia, 94, 124, 148, 300, 309
      • Sauvagnargues, Jean, 79, 103, 122, 124, 138, 139, 148
      • Scali, John, 257, 259
      • Schiller, Carl, 123
      • Schlesinger, James R., 52, 160, 187, 255, 292
      • Schmidt, Carl W., 236
      • Schmidt, Helmut:
        • Balance of payments, 148
        • Commodities, 149, 150, 292
        • Deutschemark revaluation, 44
        • East-West trade, 125, 148, 149
        • Economic recession and recovery in Europe, 134, 135, 148
        • Election as Chancellor of, 65
        • Energy, 124, 147
        • European economic stimulus measures, 95
        • European integration, 69
        • Exchange rates, 108, 123
        • Finance ministers meeting, France (Nov. 1973), 57
        • Ford correspondence, 89, 100, 108, 117, 137
        • Ford meeting (July 1975), 94
        • FRG economic recession, 95, 96
        • FRG loans to Italy, 75
        • Gold, 54, 56, 68, 80
          • Government purchases of, 86, 89, 90, 95
        • IMF meeting, Nairobi, 143, 147, 149
        • Inflation, 147, 148
        • International concertation of economic action, 95
        • International Monetary Fund quotas, 95
        • International monetary system reform:
          • Currency crisis, 24, 25, 26, 27, 34
          • French-FRG talks on, 6, 10
          • FRG position, 44
          • U.S.–FRG talks, 37
          • U.S. proposals, 7, 8
        • New York City's debt crisis, 109, 123
        • North-South relations, 123, 124, 147
        • Offset payments, 52
        • On oil producers, by country, 124
        • Political weakness of, 147
        • Protectionism, 123, 235
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 136, 137, 139, 147, 148, 149
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit:
          • Canadian participation in, 103, 106, 111
          • Carlton Group preparatory meeting, 120
          • Discussions at, 122, 123, 124
          • Economic outlook in each country, 104, 111
          • French proposal for, 93
          • Goals for, 121
          • Inflation as issue at, 104
          • Planning meetings for, 103
          • Shultz discussions with, 102
        • Special drawing rights, 124, 126
        • Trade, 147
        • U.S. economic recession, 92
        • U.S. growth rate, 236
        • U.S. view of, 167
        • Visits:
          • Washington (Dec. 1974), 80
          • Washington (Oct. 1975), 236
          • Washington (July 1976), 133, 140
        • Wage/price restraints, 148
      • Schneebeli, Herman, 169, 186
      • Schubert, Richard, 178
      • Schueler, Manfred, 94
      • Schuh, Edward, 289
      • Schweiker, Richard, 215
      • Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul, 10
      • Scissors and shears, 239
      • Scott, Hugh, 169, 187, 216, 221
      • Scowcroft, Brent, 9, 89, 111, 117, 183, 208, 222, 237, 247, 290
        • Commodities, 260, 261, 292, 294
        • Conference on International Economic Cooperation, 300
        • European economic recession, 96, 131
        • Exchange rates, 108
        • Export controls, 171, 173, 174
        • Four-power secret meeting of Finance Ministers, Paris (Oct. 1976), 151
        • FRG–U.S. talks, 94
        • Gold, 79, 100, 108
        • Grain reserves, 288, 291
        • Import quotas, 130
        • International cooperation in agriculture, 252, 256
        • International Monetary Fund, quotas, 101
        • International monetary system reform, 6, 21, 34, 36, 47, 98
        • London Economic Summit (May 1977), 152
        • North-South relations, P.L. 480 food aid, 265, 266, 275, 276, 282
        • Protectionism, 238
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit:
          • Balance of payments, 148
          • French-U.S. talks on, 138, 139
          • Post-summit Cabinet meeting on, 150
          • Pre-summit deputies meeting, 141
          • U.S. preparations for, 140, 144, 145, 147
          • U.S. proposals for, 137
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 102, 103, 104, 108, 115, 121
        • Soames-Nixon meetings, 160
        • Soviet MFN status, 167, 169
        • Trade Act (1974):
          • Administration conflicts over strategy on, 195
          • Administration discussions with Sen. Jackson, 211, 215, 220, 221
          • Bipartisan leadership breakfast discussion on, 216
          • Credits to Soviet Union, 198
          • Draft of language for granting MFN status, 214
          • Eberle's request for guidance on, 212
          • Effect of failure to pass, 200
          • Emigration link to MFN for Soviets, 182, 184, 187, 188, 190
          • International trade as impacted by, 240
          • Three letters issue, 217, 218
          • Timing for House action on, 189, 192, 199, 201
        • UNGA Seventh Special Session, 296, 298
        • World Food Conference, 251, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273
        • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), 149
        • Seevers, Gary, 77, 170, 174, 178, 231, 262, 274
        • Seidman, L. William, 77, 86, 87, 89
          • Commodities, 293, 294
          • Common Fund proposal, 307, 308
          • European economic recession, 131
          • Government purchases of gold, 88, 90
          • Grain reserves, 227, 289, 291
          • International monetary system reform, 99
          • International Resources Bank, 302
          • Multilateral trade negotiations, 225, 226, 234, 237
          • P.L. 480 food aid, 276
          • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 104, 114, 116, 121, 235
          • Trade Act (1974), 231
          • UNGA Seventh Special Session, 296
          • World Food Conference, 268, 269, 271, 273, 274, 280
        • Self-sufficiency, 58
        • Senate, U.S.:
          • Agriculture as interest to, 159, 160
          • Banking Committee, 3, 196
          • Exchange rates, 123
          • Finance Committee, 201, 204, 208, 211, 212, 223
          • Foreign Relations Committee, 133, 135
          • Private ownership of gold, 65
          • Select Committee on Nutrition, 266
          • Watergate hearings, 39
        • Senegal, 303
        • Senior Interagency Committee, 247
        • Services, 241
        • Shanahan, Eileen, 163
        • Sharp, Wayne, 228
        • Shields, Roger E., 262
        • Shoes, 130, 238, 239, 240
        • Shrimp, 130, 239, 240
        • Shultz, George P., 2, 4, 22, 162, 183, 204
          • Asian Development Bank, 242, 243, 244
          • CCC credits, 253
          • Commodity policy, 292
          • Critical imported commodities, 255
          • European economic recession, 134, 135
          • Exchange rates, 42
          • Export controls, 59, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 177, 180
          • Finance ministers meeting, France (Nov. 1973), 57
          • GATT meeting, Tokyo (Sept. 1973), 181, 185
          • Giscard meetings, 40, 48, 102
          • Gold, 54, 56, 69
          • International cooperation in agriculture, 246, 256
          • International Development Association, 242, 243, 248, 254
          • International monetary system reform:
            • British-U.S. talks, 23
            • Convertibility, 41, 42, 57
            • Currency crisis, 23, 24, 26, 32, 33, 34, 46, 52
            • Dollar devaluation, 12
            • French-U.S. talks, 10, 36
            • FRG position, 6
            • FRG–U.S. talks, 9, 30, 32, 37
            • IMF meeting, Nairobi, 53, 243
            • Joint float agreement (Mar. 1973), 35
            • Ministerial discussions on, 201
            • Pace of, 1
            • Planning for, 3, 7, 16, 28, 29
            • U.S.-European differences, 31
            • U.S. view of European role in, 17
          • Multilateral trade negotiations, 181, 193
          • Pompidou-Nixon correspondence, 50, 51
          • Pompidou-Nixon meeting, Reykjavik (May–June 1973), 39, 42
          • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 134, 135, 136, 140, 145
          • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 96, 102, 103, 117
            • Carlton Group preparatory meeting, 118, 119, 120
            • Preparations for, 114, 116
          • Resignation as Treasury Secretary, 63
          • Soames-Nixon meetings, 160
          • Soviet MFN status, 167, 169
          • Tax reform legislation, 164
          • Trade Act (1974):
            • Administration conflicts over strategy on, 194
            • Administration's objectives in Senate for, 204
            • Credits to Soviet Union, 198
            • Emigration link to MFN for Soviets, 186
            • Import surcharges, 161
            • Labor reaction to proposals for, 158
            • Nixon-Mills talks, 157
            • Proposed outline for, 154
            • Scenario for, 197
            • Schedule for hearings on, 163
            • Status in committee of, 178, 179, 182
            • Timing for House action on, 156, 199, 201
          • Troika Meetings, 59
          • UNGA special session on raw materials and development, 257
          • U.S. Special Fund for LDCs, 257
          • Visits:
            • Europe (Sept. 1975), 102
            • Germany (1976), 133, 134, 135, 137
            • Moscow (Mar. 1973), 163
            • Moscow (Sept.–Oct. 1973), 191
            • Paris (June 1973), 39
            • Rome (Jan. 1974), 59
          • Washington Energy Conference, 59
      • Silveira, Antonio Azeredo da, 235, 304
      • Simonsen, Mario Henrique, 235
      • Simon, William E., 65, 86
        • Administration's Congressional liaison actions, 235
        • Commodities, 150, 151, 292, 293, 294
        • East-West trade, 150
        • European economic recession, 131, 132
        • Exchange rates, 98
        • Export controls, 172
        • Four-power secret meeting of Finance Ministers (Paris, Oct. 1976), 151
        • Gold:
          • EEC Zeist proposal, 63, 64, 65
          • Ending of U.S. restraints on sales of, 75, 76, 77
          • French-U.S. talks on, 76, 79
          • FRG–U.S. talks on, 89
          • Government purchases of, 87, 88, 90, 98
          • Interim Committee meetings on, 100
          • Martinique summit, 79
          • Negotiation of new agreement on, 67, 68, 69, 72, 73
          • Special Drawing Rights as replacement for, 69
        • Grain reserves, 289, 291
        • IBRD, 303
        • Import quotas, 131
        • International Finance Corporation, 298
        • International Monetary Fund, 83, 87, 98, 128
        • International monetary system reform, 32, 33, 35, 36, 52, 98, 99
        • International Resources Bank, 305
        • Investment, 149
        • Multilateral trade negotiations, 225, 235, 236
        • New York City debt crisis, 109
        • North-South relations, 151, 263, 265, 276
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 140, 144, 148, 149, 150
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 93, 107, 109, 121, 122
        • Solidarity Fund for economic development, 83
        • Trade Act (1974), 156
        • UNGA Seventh Special Session, 297
        • U.S. economic recession, 94
        • Visits:
          • Moscow (Oct. 1974), 221
          • Paris (May 1975), 87
          • Rome (Mar. 1976), 131
        • World Food Conference, 268, 274
      • Sisal, 307
      • Sisco, Jean, 63
      • Sisco, Joseph, 63
      • Smithsonian Agreement (1971), 3, 5, 6, 10, 16, 37, 39, 153, 160
      • Soames, Sir Christopher:
      • Socialism, 291, 293, 294
      • Solidarity Fund, 83
      • Solomon, Tony, 186
      • Sonnenfeldt, Helmut, 22, 49, 94, 115, 116, 183
        • Administration's Congressional liaison actions, 235
        • European economic recession, 135
        • Gold, 63
        • International monetary system reform, 32, 34, 36, 37, 39, 47
        • Multilateral trade negotiations, 123
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 136, 140, 144
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 102, 103, 104, 114, 117, 235
          • Carlton Group preparatory meeting on, 118, 119, 120
        • Soames-Nixon meetings, 159, 160
        • Trade Act (1974):
          • Discussions on, 195, 211, 218
          • Emigration link to MFN for Soviets, 186, 207
          • Scenario for, 197
          • Timing for House action on, 199
        • Treasury Undersecretary appointment for, 167
      • South Africa:
      • Soviet Union (see also Jackson-Vanik Amendment under Trade Act (1974)):
        • Agricultural imports, 36, 43, 148
        • Balance of payments with the United States, 125
        • Dairy exports, 43
        • Demolition of Moscow art exhibit, 215
        • Dissidents in, 182, 183
        • Economic problems in, 149
        • Economic role of, 58
        • Eximbank loans to, 168, 183, 186, 195
        • Food imports, 310
        • Food reserves, 262, 263, 271
        • FRG agreement on immigration with, 211
        • Gas and oil exports to the United States, 36, 125, 235
        • Gold production, 36, 61
        • Grain production increases in, 310
        • Grain reserves negotiations, 234
        • IMF/IBRD membership for, 41, 43, 58
        • International monetary system role for, 50, 51
        • International trade in agricultural products, 246
        • Jewish emigration:
          • Administration differences over, 188
          • Administration discussions with Jackson on, 207, 210, 211, 215, 216, 220, 221, 223
          • Assurances on, 210
          • Ford-Republican Congressional leadership meeting on, 187
          • Jackson's requirements for, 213, 214, 216
          • Javits formula, 163, 167, 168
          • Jewish opposition to Soviet MFN, 184, 186, 216
          • Mills's approach to, 163, 183
          • Principles for acceptance of, 207
          • Soviet position, 191
          • White House decisions on, 169, 190
        • Lend-lease payments, 195
        • Loan credits to, 140, 149, 150
        • Most Favored Nation status, 36, 153, 163, 167, 168, 182, 184, 186, 187, 188, 210, 213, 216
        • Trade Act credits, 187, 189, 194, 195, 197, 198, 206, 215
        • United States, relations with, 36, 309
        • U.S. export controls, 173, 175
        • U.S. imports of critical commodities from, 260
        • U.S. long-term contractual arrangements on imports with, 234
        • Wheat sales to, 38, 104, 125, 140, 148, 177, 235, 276
        • World Food Conference, 251
      • Soybeans, 46, 49, 50, 170, 176, 177, 178, 264
      • Spain:
        • Conference on International Economic Cooperation, 300
        • Economic recession in, 134
        • As EEC associate, 38, 156
        • Food reserves, 259
        • International monetary system reform, 40
        • Oil price pressure on, 64
        • U.S. import quotas on products of, 130
        • U.S. imports from, 238, 239
      • Special Drawing Rights (SDRs):
        • AID link with, 109, 301
        • British position, 109
        • As dollar replacement as principle reserve asset, 129
        • EEC linkage with gold, 60, 61
        • French position, 148
        • French-U.S. talks on, 39, 40, 41, 42
        • FRG position, 126
        • Gold replaced by, 69
        • Group of Twenty agreement on, 59
        • Italian position, 109
        • LDCs, 121, 124
        • Method of generation of, 63
      • Special Rural Development Fund, 310
      • Springsteen, George S., 63
      • Sri Lanka, 149
      • Stabex, 287
      • Staden, Berndt von, 94, 103, 108
      • Stainless steel flatware, 239, 240
      • Steel, 121, 123, 130, 140, 235, 236, 238, 239, 240
      • Stein, Herbert, 162, 181, 204
        • Balance of payments, 3
        • Critical imported commodities, 260
        • Export controls, 169, 172, 174, 180
        • Gold, 54, 66, 67, 68, 70, 71, 72
        • International cooperation in agriculture, 256
        • International monetary system reform, 16, 17, 29
        • OECD trade pledge, 209
        • P.L. 480 food aid, 253
        • Troika Meetings, 59
      • Sternfeld, Reuben, 178, 204
      • Stockpiles (see also Agriculture; Grain reserves):
      • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), 149, 169
      • Styx missile, 160
      • Substitution accounts, 146
      • Suchman, Peter, 182
      • Sudan, 247, 310
      • Sugar, 162, 290, 307
      • Sukarno, 160
      • Supply disruptions, 260
      • Supreme Court, U.S., 235
      • Swap arrangements, 44
      • Sweden, 40, 123, 146, 238, 239, 300
      • Switzerland:
        • Conference on International Economic Cooperation, 300
        • Currency float by, 2, 16
        • Gold, 3, 56
        • Joint float agreement (Mar. 1973), 32, 35
        • Soviet borrowing from, 140
      • Synthetic fuels, 124
      • Syria, 189, 208, 265
      • Taiwan. See China, Republic of
      • Tanaka Kakuei, 3, 4, 13, 20, 94
      • Tannanbaum, Marc H., 279
      • Tariff Act (1930), 153
      • Tariffs:
      • Tar sands, 124
      • Taxation:
        • British investment incentives, 121
        • European increases, 148
        • Export taxes on bauxite, 124
        • Types of, 157
        • U.S. foreign investment, 29
        • U.S. investment incentives, 122
        • U.S. reform legislation, 163, 164
      • Tea, 124, 307
      • Technological cooperation, 309
      • Technology transfer, 301, 304
      • Textiles, 123, 239
      • Textile Trade Policy Group, 239
      • Thailand, 247
      • Thorn, Gaston, 143, 144
      • Thurmond, Strom, 187
      • Timber, 307
      • Timmons, William E., 169, 187, 243
      • Tin, 124, 260, 287, 307
      • Tobacco, 162, 178, 266
      • Tokyo Declaration (1973), 123, 125, 147, 185, 200, 203, 224, 236
      • Toumayan, Alex, 41
      • Tower, John, 187
      • Trade (see also East-West trade; Multilateral trade negotiations):
      • Trade Act (1974):
      • Trade Expansion Act (1962), 178
      • Trade Policy Committee, 231, 233
      • Trade policy proposals, 58
      • Trades Union Congress (TUC), 148
      • Trading with the Enemy Act (1917), 170, 174
      • Treasury, U.S. Department of:
        • Common Fund proposal, 307
        • Countervailing duties, 235
        • Critical imported commodities stockpiles, 260, 261
        • Dollar stabilization actions by, 49
        • Gold, 63, 68, 84
        • Government purchases of, 86, 87, 88, 90, 97
        • Grain reserves negotiations, 284
        • IMF Development Security Facility, 126
        • P.L. 480 food aid, 263, 264
        • Protectionism, 238
        • Special Drawing Rights, 129
        • Special Fund for aid, 27
        • Wheat price increases, 281
        • World Food Conference, 251
      • Trilateral Charter, 58
      • Trudeau, Pierre Elliot:
        • Bribery, 149
        • CIEC co-chair position, 147
        • East-West trade, 149
        • Energy, 147, 149
        • Ford correspondence, 114
        • Inflation, 148
        • Investment, 147
        • North-South relations, 147
        • Political weakness of, 147
        • Puerto Rico Economic Summit, 139, 147, 148, 149
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 110, 114, 115
        • Wage-price restraints, 147
        • World Food Conference follow-up, 278
      • Truman, Edwin, 81, 85, 126, 127
      • Trust Fund (IMF), 83, 84, 126, 127, 128, 129, 146
      • Tungsten, 260
      • Turkeys, 239
      • Turner, William, 209
      • Ullman, Al, 178, 182, 183, 184, 186, 189, 194, 197
      • Unemployment:
      • Unemployment compensation, 168
      • United Arab Emirates (UAE), 124
      • United Kingdom (UK):
        • Bank loans to Soviet Bloc nations, 149
        • Beef prices, 162
        • Commodity agreements, 286
        • Currency float, 33
        • East-West trade, 125, 149
        • EC membership for, 22, 40
        • Economic recession in, 94, 96, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 309
        • Economic stimulus measures, 95
        • European integration, 17, 22
        • Exchange rates, 3, 108, 123, 126, 146, 151
        • Finance ministers meeting, France (Nov. 1973), 57
        • Gold, 56, 60, 61, 63, 86
        • IMF standby loan to, 151
        • Import controls, 104
        • International monetary system reform, 1, 23
          • British-FRG talks, 15, 16, 34, 37
          • British position, 22, 27
          • British-U.S. talks, 2
        • National Development Council, 122
        • Oil production, 94, 122, 124, 149
        • Political parties, 147
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 103, 120, 121
        • Saudi loans to, 94
        • Socialism, 294
        • Substitution account, 146
        • Two-tier gold market, 3
        • Unemployment in, 148
        • U.S. economic aid to, 146
        • U.S. economic recession, 82
        • U.S. imports from, 238
      • United Nations (UN), 258
        • Economic Commission for Latin America, 144
      • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), 310
      • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (see also North-South relations), 124, 129, 252, 306
      • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 278
      • United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), 124, 236, 251, 278
        • Declaration and Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, 257
        • Seventh Special Session on International Development Strategy for the Second UN Development Decade, 117, 286, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 306
        • Sixth Special Session on raw materials and development, 257, 258, 263, 293, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299
      • United Nations World Food Conference. See World Food Conference, Rome (1974)
      • United States-European Community-Japanese economic relationship, 58
      • Upper Volta, 303
      • Uranium enrichment, 124, 292
      • U.S. economic recession (see also European economic recession):
        • British position, 82
        • French position, 91, 94
        • FRG position, 92
        • Recovery from, 121, 122
        • U.S. position, 91, 94
      • U.S. Steel, 235, 238
      • Uyl, Joop den, 138, 293
      • Vanadium, 260
      • Vanik, Charles, 169, 186, 221
      • Van Lennep, Emiel, 114, 239
      • Vastine, Robert, 297
      • Vegetable oils, 307
      • Venezuela, 94, 124, 185, 239
      • Vietnam, Republic of:
      • Vietnam War, 156
      • Vogelgesang, Sandra, 310
      • Volcker, Paul A., 53, 60, 204
        • Balance of payments, 3, 4, 5
        • Finance ministers meeting, France (Nov. 1973), 57
        • Gold, 54, 61, 62, 90
        • International monetary system reform, 7, 9, 10, 16, 17, 32, 34
        • Shultz-Giscard meeting, Reykjavik (May 1973), 40
      • Volpe, John A., 140
      • Voluntary restraint agreements (VRAs), 239
      • Wage increases, 134
      • Wage/price change reporting, 3
      • Wage/price restraints, 147, 148
      • Waggoner, Joe, 189
      • Waldheim, Kurt, 257
      • Wallich, Henry C., 63, 65, 79, 81, 84, 126, 127
      • Warren, Jack, 103
      • War on Waste, 279
      • Washington Energy Conference (Feb. 1974), 59
      • Washington Post, 140
      • Waste, 279
      • Watergate, 39, 46
      • Webb-Pomerene Act (1918), 168
      • Weintraub, Sidney, 61
      • Wellenstein, Edmund, 236
      • Well, Guenther van, 94
      • Wheat:
      • Wickel, James J., 5
      • Widman, F. Lisle, 93
      • Williams Commission, 166
      • Wilson, Harold:
        • British economic recession, 94, 96
        • East-West trade, 125
        • Energy, 124
        • Ford correspondence, 82, 100, 108, 111, 116, 117
        • Import controls, 104
        • North-South relations, 104, 121, 124
        • Protectionism, 123
        • Rambouillet Economic Summit, 102, 122, 123, 124, 147
        • Resignation of, 135
        • U.S. economic recession, 82
        • Visit to Washington (Jan. 1974), 82
      • Wines, 162
      • Wire, 239, 240
      • Withholding taxes, 29
      • Witteveen, H. Johannes, 64, 66, 86, 126, 134, 258
      • Woodbury, Wendell, 306
      • Worker retraining, 168, 202
      • World Bank Group (see also International Bank of Reconstruction and Development; International Resources Bank), 302
      • World Food Authority, 262
      • World Food Bank, 251
      • World Food Conference, Rome (1974):
      • World Food Council, 278, 310
      • World Health Organization (WHO), 310
      • Worthington, Howard, 77, 263, 280
      • Year of Europe, 46
      • Yeo, Edwin, III, 99
    • Yeutter, Clayton, 77, 228, 236, 262
    • Yom Kippur War (1973), 124, 189
    • Yoshida Taroichi, 146
    • Yoshino Bunroku, 304
    • Yugoslavia, 294
    • Zaire, 309
    • Zambia, 149
    • Zarb, Frank, 99, 114, 116, 118, 294
    • Zhou Enlai, 211
    • Ziegler, Ron, 169, 187
    • Zijlstra, Jelle, 55, 63
    • Zinc, 260, 287
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