245. Memorandum From Charles Cooper of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)1
- NSSM on International Cooperation in Agriculture
I had extensive discussions with Joe Greenwald on this subject as a result of which he prepared an excellent memorandum, attached at Tab B, which is well worth reading. (Greenwald, by the way, is very impressive.)
I feel strongly that State should take the lead in the NSSM. USDA doesn’t have the imagination, nor can we count on their being open minded. CIEP doesn’t really have the right people, nor can we count on their taking as constructive an approach as might be desired. Although State isn’t well-staffed for this job, there are some good staff [Page 856]people there who can do much of the work. Jules Katz, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Resources and Food Policy, who would presumably lead the study, is good, and I think will do the job the way you want it done.
As regards substance, there is near unanimity that a frontal attack on the CAP would be folly. However, the domestic political aspect of this problem will require careful handling. For the most part, U.S. farm interests can be expected to oppose strenuously anything that smacks of international commodity agreements. This problem could be serious if publicity about a more flexible U.S. approach to international cooperation in agriculture were to cause trouble while the Trade Bill is still pending. In my judgment, we have to get started—but carefully.
- That you sign the memorandum for the President at Tab I.
- If the President approves, that you sign the NSSM at Tab A.
- Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, NSC Institutional Files (H-Files), Box H–200, National Security Study Memoranda, NSSM 187. Secret. Sent for action. Concurred in by Kennedy.↩
- Attached but not printed. Kissinger did not sign this version of the NSSM. An inter-agency dispute delayed the issuance of the NSSM. Documentation on the inter-agency dispute is ibid. For the NSSM as signed, see Document 246.↩
- Attached but not printed. Kissinger did not sign the transmittal memorandum to the President.↩
- No classification marking.↩
- On June 27, the Nixon administration instituted a temporary embargo on soybean and cottonseed exports. On July 2, it lifted the embargo, replacing it with controls on exports; at the same time, the administration also instituted restrictions on scrap metal exports. On July 5, the administration restricted the export of an additional 41 agricultural goods. (The New York Times, June 28, July 3, and July 6, 1973) Under Phase IV of his Economic Stabilization Program, announced on July 18, the President promised that controls on agricultural exports would be rescinded once the new harvest was ready for sale. The President also suggested that further export controls would be unnecessary, provided there were no major crop failures or sharp increases in foreign demand. For the text of the President’s announcement of Phase IV, see Public Papers: Nixon, 1973, pp. 647–653.↩
- A GATT ministerial meeting was held in Tokyo from September 12 to 14.↩