201. Memorandum from Brubeck to Dungan, February 271
- Mr. McGeorge Bundy
- Status Report on Chamizal Negotiations
Ambassador Mann held discussions with Foreign Minister Tello in January and February on the Chamizal problem and Commissioner Friedkin went to Mexico City in the first week of February to participate in these discussions. Ambassador Mann and the Foreign Minister agreed informally on the line along which the boundary would be relocated subject to further consultations with community leaders in El Paso. The Mexican President has also approved. The Ambassador spent the week of February 18–22 in Texas talking to community leaders in El Paso and to the Governor of Texas and other state officials. [Typeset Page 482] Department officers have consulted with the Vice President’s office, Senators Morse, Yarborough and Tower, and Congressman Foreman.
The El Paso City Council, the County Board of Commissioners, the El Paso Chamber of Commerce and other civic groups have approved the recommended solution. The Governor of Texas also approves. Our estimate is that the recommended solution would have the support of most influential sectors in El Paso. There is opposition from residents of the Chamizal zone who are uncertain of their future and their ability to re-establish themselves elsewhere if they receive only the market value of their present holdings. Owners of tenement dwellings and industrial and commercial enterprises who would be moved out can also be considered as opposed. There is a third group which opposes under the slogan of “Don’t give up one inch of sacred Texas soil”. This third group would like a “plebiscite” in the zone affected or would require approval of the Texas State Legislature. Such procedures would pose a problem which at first glance would [Facsimile Page 2] be unacceptable to the Federal Government. The Legal Adviser of the Department is preparing a memorandum on the precedents.
Two problems have merged in our efforts to work out the details of a settlement, now that we seem to have agreed on a new boundary line:
1. We have a claim which we have not asserted for some fifty years to the northern half of Cordova Island. Mexico wants to state in a proposed joint report which would make recommendations for final solution of the problem that Cordova Island is Mexican territory. We do not want to accept the Mexican language because this would extinguish our claim. We are prepared to drop the claim once a convention is ratified by both countries, but until that time we want our claim preserved. We are hopeful that we can work out language in the report which would do that.
2. In preliminary discussions last year the Mexican Foreign Minister agreed that Mexico would reimburse the United States for all structures which are passed to Mexico intact in the Chamizal and which we acquire by purchase or condemnation. Mexico is entitled free of charge only to the land on which those structures stand. The Mexicans awakened this week to the fact that this will run into several million dollars. They are concerned that the figure may look so big to the Mexican public that the Mexican Government will be accused of buying the Chamizal. The Mexican Foreign Office is now considering how it can handle this problem.
At the present time we have agreed with the Mexicans that the two Foreign Offices would prepare a joint report (a working draft of which is enclosed) containing recommendations for a solution. This report would be released simultaneously with press statements by each President (the first draft of proposed statements is also enclosed) that [Typeset Page 483] he has approved the report and instructed his respective Foreign Office to proceed with negotiations of a convention. The convention would be submitted to the Senates of the respective countries for approval. The Mexican Foreign Office is presently of the view that we have to work out point 2 above before we can proceed on the [Facsimile Page 3] negotiation of the report and convention.
William H. Brubeck
1. Draft of Joint Report.
2. Draft of Proposed Statements.
- Status report on Chamizal negotiations. Confidential. 3 pp. DOS, CF, POL 32–1 MEX–US.↩