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January–July 1958: The United States and Radical Arab Nationalism; Long-Range U.S. Policy; The Crises of July 1958


2. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 396.1–AN/1–1758. Top Secret; Verbatim Text. Drafted by Rockwell; cleared by Rountree, Owen Jones, and J. Wesley Jones of EUR; and approved and signed by Dulles.


3. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5801 Memoranda. Top Secret. Drafted by Bergus and concurred in by Dillon, Walmsley (who wrote he had “no objection to UN aspects”), and Jones.


4. Memorandum of Discussion at the 352d Meeting of the National Security Council

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on January 23.


5. National Security Council Report

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, 5801 Memoranda. Top Secret. The statement of policy and a related staff study were prepared by the Department of State and submitted to the NSC Planning Board, where they were discussed and revised. The texts of those drafts and revisions are ibid. A two-page annex, “Summary of Publicly Announced United States Policy on Near Eastern Questions” and a four-page financial appendix to NSC 5801/1 are not printed.


7. Telegram From Secretary of State Dulles to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 396.1–AN/1–2958. Top Secret. Drafted by Dulles.


8. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 880.0000/1–3058. Secret. Drafted by Reinhardt.


9. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Herter to President Eisenhower

Source: Eisenhower Library, Herter Papers, Chronology File. Top Secret. Drafted by Rockwell.


10. Memorandum of Discussion at the 354th Meeting of the National Security Council

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on February 7.


11. Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, PPS Files: Lot 67 D 548, Near and Middle East 1958. Secret. A note on the cover sheet indicates that this SNIE, submitted by the CIA, was prepared by CIA, INR, and the intelligence organizations of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Joint Staff. All members of the Intelligence Advisory Committee (IAC) concurred with this estimate except the representatives of the AEC and the FBI who abstained on the grounds that the topic was outside their jurisdiction.


12. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Irwin) to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/3–658. Top Secret. Copies were sent to Reinhardt, Gerard Smith, and Rountree. In a brief covering memorandum Irwin indicated that this memorandum reflected his “principal impressions” after his visit to Tehran and Ankara.


13. Memorandum of Discussion at the 358th Meeting of the National Security Council

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on March 14.


14. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.00/3–2458. Top Secret. Drafted by Rockwell. A note on the source text indicates that Secretary Dulles saw this memorandum. According to a memorandum from the Director of the Executive Secretariat, Fisher Howe, March 24, this paper was “probably too sensitive for Planning Board general review and that such is not needed in light of CIA and Defense concurrence.” Howe recommended that Secretary Dulles “take it up directly with the President.” (Ibid., 611.80/3–2458)


15. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.80/4–1658. Secret. Drafted by Waggoner, Bergus, and Bennsky.


16. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199. Secret. Drafted by Rockwell.


17. National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INRNIE Files. Secret. According to a cover sheet, the following intelligence organizations participated in the preparation of this estimate: CIA, INR, and the intelligence organizations of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Joint Staff. All members of the IAC concurred in this estimate on June 5, except the representatives of the AEC and FBI who abstained, the subject being outside their jurisdiction.


18. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 330, OSD/ISA Files: FRC 62 A 1698, 452.1 Lebanon, Sensitive. Secret; Sensitive; Special Handling. Drafted by Irwin.


19. Memorandum From the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Dillon) to Acting Secretary of State Herter

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 880.2553/6–3058. Confidential. Drafted by Robert M. Carr, Director of the Office of International Resources, Bureau of Economic Affairs, and cleared by Jandrey and Kennedy.


21. Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between President Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Eisenhower Diaries. No classification marking.


22. Memorandum of Conference With President Eisenhower

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Staff Memos, July 1958. Top Secret.


23. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 63 D 123, CF 1050. Top Secret. Drafted by Reinhardt. The meeting took place at the White House.


24. Telegram From the Consulate General at Istanbul to the Department of State

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, International File. Secret; Priority; Presidential Treatment. Repeated to London, Paris, Tehran, Karachi, Ankara, and Baghdad. Eisenhower initialed this telegram.


25. Minutes of the Cabinet Meeting

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Cabinet Series. Confidential. Drafted by L. Arthur Minnich, Jr. Attached, but not printed, was a text of Dulles’ remarks, classified Top Secret.


26. Memorandum of Conference With President Eisenhower

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Staff Memos, July 1958. Top Secret. Drafted by Goodpaster on July 21.


27. Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INR Files. Secret. A note on the cover sheet indicates that this special estimate, submitted by the CIA, was prepared by CIA, INR, and the intelligence organizations of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Joint Staff. All members of the IAC concurred with this special estimate on July 22, except the representatives of the AEC and FBI who abstained on the grounds that the topic was outside their jurisdiction.


28. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.00/7–2358. Top Secret. Drafted by Newsom and Brewer, cleared in draft with Kohler, Mathews, Reinhardt, and Earl R. Beckner, Chief of Fuels Division, Office of International Resources, Bureau of Economic Affairs.


29. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/7–2358. Secret. Drafted by Eilts.


30. Memorandum of Conference With President Eisenhower

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Staff Memos, July 1958. Secret. Drafted by Goodpaster on July 24.