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INCREASED U.S. EMPHASIS ON THE BAGHDAD PACT/CENTRAL TREATY ORGANIZATION; ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ORGANIZATION OF PETROLEUM EXPORTING COUNTRIES, 1959–1960


53. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Turkey

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 396.1–KA/1–1659. Secret; Prioity. Drafted by Eilts; cleared by Charles S. Whitehouse, Dillon’s Special Assistant, and Bell; and approved by Rountree. Also sent to Karachi, Tehran, and London.


55. Memorandum From the Secretary of State Dulles to President Eisenhower

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, DullesHerter Series. Confidential.


57. Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs (Rountree) to the Ambassador to Egypt (Hare)

Source: Department of State, Central Files. 611.80/3–559. Top Secret. Drafted by Newsom and cleared with Furnas. Identical letters were sent to Ambassadors in the Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Iraq, and the Chargés in Israel and Jordan.


59. Memorandum From the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy) to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Dillon)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 880.2553/3–1259. Secret.


60. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 880.2553/3–1859. Official Use Only. Drafted by Rountree; approved by Herter on March 27.


62. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, International Series, Macmillan. Top Secret; Limit Distribution. Drafted by Reinhardt and cleared with Allen Dulles.


66. Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Dillon to President Eisenhower

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/5–2259. Confidential. Drafted by Eilts


67. Memorandum From the Commander in Chief, U.S. Naval Forces, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean (Dennison) to Secretary of Defense McElroy

Source: Eisenhower Library, White House Office, Staff Secretary: Records, Defense Dept III. Top Secret. Presumably written in London. A copy of this memorandum was sent to the Joint Chiefs of Staff.


69. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Mathews) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs (Jones)

Source: Department of State, PPS Files: Lot 67 D 548, Near and Middle East, 1959–1961. Secret.


70. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs (Jones) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, NEA Regional Files: Lot 66 D 8. Secret. Drafted by Eilts.


71. National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INRNIE Files. Secret. A note on the cover sheet indicates that this estimate, submitted by the CIA, was prepared by CIA, INR, and the intelligence organizations of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Joint Staff. All members of the U.S. Intelligence Board (successor to the IAC) concurred with this estimate on August 25 except the representatives of the AEC and FBI who abstained on the grounds that the subject was outside their jurisdiction.


72. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 64 D 560, CF 1449. Top Secret. Drafted by McBride on August 29, cleared by White and Gates, and approved by Herter on September 1. The meeting was held at the British Foreign Office. Secretary Herter accompanied President Eisenhower on his trip August 26–September 4 to Bonn, London, and Paris.


73. Letter From the Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Knight) to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/8–3159. Top Secret. On August 14 Murphy’s position was raised to Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.


74. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Dillon) to Secretary of State Herter

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 378/9–2359. Secret. Copies were sent to Murphy and Jones.


75. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Turkey

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 396.1–WA/9–2959. Secret. Drafted by Eilts; cleared by Jones and Wright; cleared in draft by Herter, Reinhardt, Owen Jones, Moffet, and Bartlett; and approved by Murphy. Sent also to Karachi, London, and Tehran and repeated to Baghdad, Kabul, and New Delhi.


77. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs (Jones) to the Under Secretary of State (Dillon)

Source: Department of State, NEA Files: Lot 65 D 365, 7th Ministerial Meeting—Correspondence. Secret. Drafted by Eilts.


78. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs (Jones) to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Merchant)

Source: Department of State, NEA Regional Files: Lot 66 D 8. Secret. Drafted by Michael R. Gannett of NEA/NR.


80. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 378/3–2260. Secret. Drafted by Gannett.


81. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.80/4–460. Secret. Drafted by Thacher.


82. Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 378/4–1660. Secret. Repeated to Ankara, Karachi, and London.