II. The two Soviet “peace” items at the sixth regular session of the General Assembly: (1) “Measures to combat the threat of a new world war,” etc., (the old Soviet item); (2) “Complaint of aggressive acts of the United States and its interference in the domestic affairs of other countries,” etc., (the new Soviet item)

Text of United Nations Document A/1944, Paris, November 8, 1951 1

“1. The General Assembly declares participation in the aggressive Atlantic bloc and the creation by certain States, and primarily by the United States of America, of military, naval and air bases in foreign territory incompatible with membership of the United Nations.

“2. The General Assembly recognizes it to be essential that:

  • “(a) The countries taking part in the Korean war should immediately end military operations, conclude a truce and withdraw their forces from the 38th Parallel within a period of ten days;
  • “(b) All foreign troops, and also foreign volunteer forces, should be withdrawn from Korea within a period of three months.

“3. The General Assembly calls upon the governments of all States, both those which are Members of the United Nations and those which are not at present in the United Nations, to consider at a World Conference the question of a substantial reduction of armed forces and armaments and also the question of practical measures for prohibiting the atomic weapon and establishing international control over the observance of such prohibition.

“The General Assembly recommends that the above-mentioned World Conference should be convened at the earliest possible date and in any case not later than 1 June 1952.

[Page 478]

“4. The General Assembly calls upon the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, France, China and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to conclude a peace pact and to combine their efforts for achieving this high and noble aim.

The General Assembly also calls upon all other peace-loving States to join in the Peace Pact.”


[351] The United States Representative at the United Nations (Austin) to the Secretary of State

320/11–2351: Telegram


[352] United States Delegation Working Paper

IO Files


[354] United States Delegation Working Paper

IO Files


[355] The Acting United States Representative at the United Nations (Roosevelt) to the Secretary of State

320/12–1951: Telegram


[356] The Acting Chairman of the United States Delegation to the General Assembly (Roosevelt) to the Secretary of State

320/12–2151: Telegram


[357] The Secretary of State to the United States Representative at the United Nations (Austin)

320/12–2951: Telegram


[358] United States Delegation Plenary Position Paper

IO Files


[363] The Secretary of State to the United States Representative at the United Nations (Austin)

320/12–1451: Telegram


[364] The Secretary of State to the United States Representative at the United Nations (Austin)

320/12–1451: Telegram


[365] United States Delegation Working Paper

IO Files

  1. English language text of draft resolution submitted by the Soviet Union as an additional item in the agenda of the sixth regular session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Source text is from United Nations, Official Records of the General Assembly, Sixth Session, Plenary Meetings; pp. 27 and 28 (hereafter cited as GA (VI), Plenary).

    On November 10, the General Committee of the General Assembly recommended inclusion of the item in the General Assembly’s agenda as agenda item 67. The United States Representative at the United Nations (Austin) made a short statement to the committee at the time, explaining that the United States Delegation supported inclusion of the item “for several reasons”, among them being the opportunity provided thereby for the correction of misstatements about the use or nonuse of atomic weapons. (United Nations, Official Records of the General Assembly, Sixth Session, General Committee, pp. 17 and 18; hereafter cited as GA (VI), General Committee). Agenda item 67 was captioned “Measures to combat the threat of a new world war and to strengthen peace and friendship among the nations”. This became known subsequently as “the old Soviet item”.