Efforts by the United States to help promote the political and economic integration of Western Europe; United States support for the proposed European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and the European Economic Community (Common Market); United States concern with the cartel aspects of the European Coal and Steel Community; United States support for the proposed European Free Trade Association1

1. Continued from Foreign Relations, 1952–1954, volume vi .


83. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Waugh) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/2–1455. Secret. Drafted by Roger C. Dixon, Chief of the International Business Practices Division (BP), Office of International Trade and Resources (ITR); Harvey J. Winter of BP; and Louis C. Boochever of the Office of European Regional Affairs (RA). Isaiah Frank, Deputy Director of ITR; E. Edward Scoll of the Office of International Financial and Development Affairs (OFD); and Walworth Barbour, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (EUR), concurred.


84. Report by the Department of State to the Council on Foreign Economic Policy

Source: Department of State, ECFEP Files: Lot 61 D 282A, CFEP 520. Secret. Transmitted to the Council on Foreign Economic Policy (CFEP) on March 16, under cover of a memorandum from Samuel C. Waugh to Joseph M. Dodge. Waugh’s memorandum reads as follows: “There are enclosed the Department’s comments on the reported cartel developments in the European Coal and Steel Community cited in your memorandum of February 5, 1955. Our comments are in the form of two documents. The first of which is a brief summary of the specific points raised in your memorandum in relation to our CSC policy, while the second is a more detailed analysis of these points.” A copy of the report and the covering memorandum are ibid., Central Files, 850.33.


85. Report by the Foreign Operations Administration to the Council on Foreign Economic Policy

Source: Department of State, ECFEP Files: Lot 61 D 282A, CFEP 520/2. Secret.


86. Memorandum From the Chairman of the Council on Foreign Economic Policy (Dodge) to the Council

Source: Department of State, ECFEP Files: Lot 61 D 282A, CFEP 520/4. Secret.


87. Letter From the President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (Monnet) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 400.119/3–2855. Limited Official Use. Copies of this letter were transmitted to the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of the Interior, the Director of the Office of Defense Mobilization (ODM), and the members of the CFEP, under cover of a letter from Hoover, dated March 28. The letter reads in part as follows: “You will undoubtedly wish to consider the adverse effects on the Community, the European economy generally, and on European defense production which M. Monnet suggests might flow from the imposition of export restrictions by the United States. It is understood that the question of controls over scrap exports is to be discussed at the Council on Foreign Economic Policy next week. The Department believes that, in reaching a decision on this matter, the impact of the proposed control arrangements on our allies and objectives abroad should be taken fully into account.”


88. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Barbour) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Kalijarvi)

Source: Department of State, RA Files: Lot 58 D 374, CSC–Scrap. Confidential. Drafted by E. Allen Fidel, Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs (BNA); Robert W. Barnett, Officer in Charge of Economic Organization Affairs, RA; and Louis Boochever.


89. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Merchant) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 840.00/4–1255. Confidential. Drafted by Boochever and cleared with Joseph Palmer II, Deputy Director of RA. Copies were sent to Hoover and Waugh.


90. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Waugh) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, ECFEP Files: Lot 61 D 282A, CFEP 520. Secret. Drafted by Winter, Dixon, and Boochever.


91. Minutes of the 16th Meeting of the Council on Foreign Economic Policy, Washington, April 19, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, CFEP Records. Secret. Drafted by Lieutenant Colonel Paul H. Cullen, USA, Secretary of the CFEP.


92. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 20, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/4–2955. Official Use Only. Drafted by Ruth H. Phillips of the Office of European Regional Affairs on April 29.


93. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 20, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/4–2055. Official Use Only. Drafted by Louis C. Boochever on May 2.


94. Telegram From the Chargé in Italy (Durbrow) to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/5–2955. Secret; Niact. Repeated for information to Paris, London, Luxembourg, Brussels, Bonn, and The Hague.


95. Telegram From the Acting Secretary of State to the Embassy in Italy

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/5–2955. Secret; Priority. Drafted and approved by Barnett. Repeated for information to London, Luxembourg, Brussels, Bonn, The Hague, Paris, and USRO.


97. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, June 7, 1955

Source: Department of State, Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199. Limited Official Use. Drafted by Kalijarvi.


98. Letter From the Secretary of State to the President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (Mayer)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/6–855. Drafted by Merchant and transmitted in telegram 180 to Luxembourg, with the instruction that it be delivered upon René Mayer’s accession to the Presidency of the High Authority. Mayer was elected to succeed Monnet in that post during the Messina Conference.


99. Telegram From the Ambassador in France (Dillon) to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 840.1901/6–1055. Secret. Repeated for information to Brussels.


100. Memorandum of a Conversation, Luxembourg, June 11, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/6–1155. Official Use Only. Drafted by Barnett.


102. Memorandum From Ruth H. Phillips of the Office of European Regional Affairs to the Director of the Office (Palmer)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.509/6–1555. Limited Official Use. Copies were sent to Barnett, Boochever, Fidel, and George A. Tesoro, Acting Economic Adviser, Office of Western European Affairs (WE).


103. Despatch From the Chargé in Italy (Durbrow) to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 850.33/6–1755. Secret.


104. Letter From the Acting United States Representative to the European Coal and Steel Community (Eisenberg) to the Acting Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs (Palmer)

Source: Department of State, RA Files: Lot 58 D 374, CSC—Correspondence with Eisenberg. Secret; Official–Informal.


105. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Merchant) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, RA Files, Lot 58 D 374, Atomic Energy Integration. Secret. Drafted by Palmer, Barnett, and Stanley M. Cleveland of RA. William R. Tyler, Deputy Director of WE, and Jacques J. Reinstein, Director of the Office of German Affairs (GER), concurred.


106. Memorandum From the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Atomic Energy Affairs (Smith) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 840.1901/7–155. Secret. Drafted by Phillip J. Farley of the Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Atomic Energy Affairs (S/AE). Copies were sent to Phleger, Merchant, and Palmer.


107. Telegram From the Secretary of State to the Embassy in Germany

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 840.00/6–1555. Confidential. Drafted by Boochever and approved by Barnett. Repeated for information to Paris, Brussels, The Hague, Rome, London, and Luxembourg; passed to USRO and the CSC Mission.


108. Memorandum by the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, RA Files: Lot 58 D 374, Atomic Energy Integration. Secret.


109. Despatch From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (Aldrich) to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 840.00/7–555. Official Use Only.


110. Letter From the Acting Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs (Palmer) to the Counselor of the Embassy in Belgium (Sprouse)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 840.00/7–855. Secret; Official–Informal. Drafted by Boochever.


111. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, July 15, 1955

Source: Department of State, Atomic Energy Files: Lot 57 D 688, Euratom—Regional. Confidential. Drafted by J. Robert Schaetzel.


112. Telegram From the Acting Secretary of State to the Embassy in Germany

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 840.1901/7–1555. Confidential. Drafted and approved by Palmer.