The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Peru (Pawley)31

No. 123

The Secretary of State refers to the President’s proclamation of September 8, 1945 in regard to the removal from this hemisphere of alien enemies sent to the United States for internment by other American Republics.

By a separate air mail instruction32 the Department is outlining the procedure now set up to consider alien enemies sent to the United States from the other American Republics who should be removed from this hemisphere in accordance with Resolution VII of the Chapultepec Conference. To insure a fair and thorough review of each case it is essential that there be prepared a complete case history on each individual, supported by all possible documentary evidence which, if necessary, could be used in court proceedings.

In complying with this instruction the Embassy should make the most painstaking efforts to obtain documentary evidence on each case. Where possible efforts should be made to obtain from local police and other officials, and from records of British missions, information to support alleged reports or statements that activities of these persons were such as to demonstrate their danger. Efforts should be made to [Page 288] indicate the reliability of reports of membership in the Nazi Party or other Nazi organizations and of acts which could be considered as dangerous to the security of this hemisphere.

Accordingly, the Embassy should furnish as promptly as possible the following information in addition to that requested in the Department’s circular telegram, September 21, 5 p.m.33

In cases of persons born or naturalized in one of the American Republics, or born in countries other than Germany, Italy, Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria, especial effort should be made to obtain photostat copies of alien registration certificates, if any, and other evidence of German or Axis citizenship or allegiance.
Any definite facts showing that these individuals owed primary allegiance to Germany or to other members of the Axis rather than to the country of residence.
All evidence that would tend to show that the continued residence in this hemisphere of any alien is dangerous to the future security of this hemisphere.
Basis of evidence on which local police considered any person sufficiently dangerous to cause his internment in the country of residence prior to deportation.

In transmitting this information reference should be made in so far as possible to previous communications on any particular individual.

Please furnish this information in the following order of priority:

1. The following whose return has been requested by Peru:

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. The following against whom there appears to be little, if any, adverse information:

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3. The remainder of the alien enemies (including the Italians) from Peru now interned in the United States.

  1. Sent, mutatis mutandis to the diplomatic representative in the American Republics except Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
  2. Infra.
  3. Not printed; it instructed the diplomatic representatives in Bolivia, Columbia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Nicaragua, Panama, and Peru to obtain promptly from the files of the former German Consulates and Legations in the countries to which they were accredited photostatic copies of all information regarding Germans from those countries interned in the United States and awaiting deportation to Germany (711.62115/9–2145).