File No. 832. 032/10.

Ambassador Morgan to the Secretary of State.

No. 584.]

Sir: I have the honor to enclose duplicate copies of the Message which President Wenceslau Braz sent to the Federal Congress when it convened in the first session of the new legislature on the 3rd instant. I have also the honor to enclose an English translation of the salient portions of the Message relating to foreign affairs. * * *

I have [etc.]

Edwin V. Morgan.


During the civil wars which for some time past have interfered with the normal development and prosperity of Mexico, serious friction (to the general regret of all American countries) unfortunately arose also between the United States and that country, the situation being rendered even more acute about the beginning of last year by the incident of Tampico, which almost culminated in armed warfare between the two nations.

On this difficult and anxious occasion, when the international peace of America and our continental fraternity were in great danger, the Brazilian, the Argentine and the Chilean Governments tendered their good offices in the matter and had the satisfaction of seeing the same accepted by the other two Governments concerned, the first hostilities being immediately suspended.

I take great pleasure in advising Congress that this mediation produced the most complete and satisfactory results. It is, however, but just to acknowledge that the happy outcome of our joint efforts was mainly due to the well interpreted patriotism and high judgment shown by the two divergent Governments on that occasion.

At the Niagara Falls Conference the deplorable incident was brought to a conclusion and, to the satisfaction of all concerned, the protocol (preliminary treaty) of June 24, 1914, was signed by the Delegates of the three mediating Governments, and by those of the two Republics involved, with the approval of the other American nations and, most assuredly, of all the Powers as well.

This protocol decided only on the international features of the conflict, leaving the Mexicans the exclusive right to discuss and agree upon all matters of domestic nature, such as the organization of a provisional government and its political program, amnesties, calling of elections, liberal and progressive reforms, and any other measures indispensable to the free exercise of national sovereignty.

The Brazilian Government, in that emergency, merely pursued once more its traditional policy of peace and confirmed its inalterable sentiments of Continental Fraternity. Brazil, therefore (as was, no doubt, the case with Argentina and Chile as well), experienced great satisfaction in the applause and cooperation of the American Republics, in its endeavor to strengthen the ties of friendship and harmony which should unite them always for the welfare and the enhanced moral grandeur of our Continent.