Mr. Tyler to Mr. Gresham.
Teheran, Persia, July 12, 1894. (Received August 15.)
Sir: I have the honor to forward for your information copies of (1) a letter from the Rev. James Hawkes, an American missionary at Hamadan, relating to the renewed persecution of the Jews by a certain ecclesiastical dignitary in that city, and the forcible removal of a man who had taken refuge in Mr. Hawkes’s house; (2) a letter from Dr. Holmes, the medical missionary at that station, in regard to the same subject; (3) extract from a letter from Dr. Holmes reporting the arrest of some of their teachers and pupils, probably Jews, who were, however, speedily released; (4) a letter from myself to Dr. Holmes expressing my views of the situation, and requesting to be informed by telegraph in case affairs in Hamadan should assume a more serious aspect; (5) a letter from Mr. Conyingham Greene, the English chargé d’affaires, to myself affirming his belief that Mullah Abdullah, the author of all these troubles, who was ordered up to Teheran by the Shah, was, before he was permitted to return, obliged to give securities for his future good behavior, and stating that the Sadr Azem had informed him that orders had been sent by the Shah which would have the effect of putting an end to these oppressions.
It appears from what I have been able to gather from various sources that for some time past there has been a considerable movement amongst the Jewish population in Hamadan towards Christianity. This mayor may not be a reaction against the persecutions and indignities which they have suffered at the hands of the ecclesiastical and ruling authorities. It may also be, and on which I do not profess to offer an opinion, the result of religious convictions. Whichever may be the active cause, or it may even be both, it is quite evident that the Akhund, Mullah Abdullah, considers it a reflection on himself and the Moslem [Page 493] religion as well. He is a violent bigot and fanatic, and this phase of his character, in the eyes of the common people, throws a halo of sanctity around his person. It is satisfactory to find from Mr. Greene’s letter that the Shah has again asserted his authority in favor of peace, order, and good government.
I have, etc.,
Vice-Consul-General in charge.