Mr. Gresham to Mr. Denby, Chargé.
Washington, August 25, 1894.
Sir: I transmit herewith for your information a copy of the convention signed in this capital on March 17, 1894, by the plenipotentiary of China and myself, for the regulation of emigration between the United States and China.
This convention was advised and consented to by the Senate on the 13th instant, and I have notified the Chinese minister of the fact and of my readiness to exchange ratifications as soon as he shall have received the necessary ratification copy and powers from his Government.
As the convention is to take effect upon such exchange you are expected, upon receiving advice to that effect, to bring the treaty to the knowledge of citizens of the United States in China, through the consulate-general and the several consulates, inviting attention to the reciprocal provisions of Article vi concerning registration and advising all American citizens in China being “laborers, skilled, or unskilled,” as defined in the convention, of their obligation to conform to such laws or regulations as the Government of China may enact, similar to the registration act of May 5, 1892, for the registration of such American laborers in China.
You will also take steps to cause notification to be made to all other citizens of this country, including missionaries, residing both within and without the treaty ports of China (but not diplomatic and other officers of the United States residing or traveling in China upon official business, together with their body and household servants), of their obligation to make due registration in the nearest consulate of the United States, or at the legation, within a date to be announced, and annually thereafter, in order that the legation may seasonably be in a [Page 177]position to fulfill, on behalf of this Government, the stipulated obligation to furnish to the Government of China registers or reports showing the full name, age, occupation, and number or place of residence of all such American citizens.
I am, etc.,