Mr. Denby, chargé, to Mr. Gresham.
Peking, September 8, 1894. (Received October 27.)
Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of a dispatch, dated the 18th ultimo, from the consul-general to this legation, with reference to the two alleged spies then held by him at Shanghai.
I inclose, also, copies of all the telegrams received by me from Mr. Jernigan on the subject, and of all the telegrams sent by me to him.
I inclose, also, a copy of a subsequent dispatch from Mr. Jernigan, which relates to the same matter.
I respectfully call attention to this correspondence. It will help to explain the action of this legation as to the rendition of the two Japanese, and the reluctance of the consul-general to give them up.
As to the action of the consul-general of France in the matter, I have the honor to state that his refusal to deliver the alleged spies to the Chinese authorities, and his surrender of them to the consul general of the United States, met with the full approval of the minister of France at Peking. The French minister told me that the French consul-general not only was not required to surrender them to China, but that “he had not the right to do so.” In replying to your telegraphic inquiry of the 21st August, I was guided by this assurance.
I have the honor to state, in conclusion, that the opinion of the foreign representatives at Peking was opposed to giving up the accused Japanese without a preliminary examination before a foreign official.
I have, etc.,
Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.