No. 463.
Mr. Reed to Mr. Evarts .

No. 12.]

Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy and translation of a telegram received at six o’clock on the afternoon of the 7th instant (and published in the Gaceta of yesterday) by the president of the council of ministers, Mr. Canovas del Castillo, from Generals Jovellar and Martinez Campos, announcing that peace has been definitely established in the island of Cuba.

This long-expected news has been received here with great satisfaction by all parties. After the reading of the telegram in the Còrtes, a committee was appointed to wait upon His Majesty the King, to offer their congratulations on the important event. The committee was received by His Majesty yesterday at twelve o’clock. The president of the Còrtes (Señor Ayala) delivered the congratulatory speech, a copy and translation of which I beg to annex hereto. The speech of His Majesty in reply has not as yet been published in full, but a synopsis of it will be found following that of Señor Ayala.

The Gaceta of this morning published two royal decrees, dated yesterday, one accepting the resignation of General Jovellar, as governor and captain-general of Cuba, and the other appointing General Campos to the position. The appointment of General Campos to this important post, following so closely upon the reception of the news of the pacification of the island, would seem to be a recognition on the part of the government of the eminent services rendered by him as commander-in-chief of the army. General Jovellar, as I am informed, is to be made secretary of war on his arrival in Madrid.

I have, &c.,

[Inclosure 1 in No. 12.—Translation.]

Peace established in Cuba.


To the President of the Council of Ministers and to the Ministers of War and Ultramar, from the Governor-General of the Island of Cuba and from the General-in-Chief:

Havana (without date). (Received June 7.)

All the insurgent chiefs have accepted the capitulation, the majority of the parties, of the oriental section and of the Tunas having laid down their arms. The rest of them are concentrating in order to do likewise. It is not likely that any armed force will be left, but some isolated banditti may possibly exist.

The war may be considered as terminated. At the same time that we have the extreme satisfaction of communicating to your excellency so happy an event, we beg you to convey to His Majesty the King the manifestation of our respectful adhesion, as well as of that of the army, and our congratulations for having completely restored peace to Spain.

This definite result is, in a great measure, due to the efficient and constant co-operation of His Majesty’s Government, which has not permitted us to want either men or money; by having granted us ample facilities; by approving our acts and by anticipating our wishes.

Be pleased to receive the expression of our special gratitude, and to permit us at the same time to remember the former governments for having defended with equal tenacity the cause of the integrity of the Spanish soil, although without the good fortune of seeing (as has, the present) the termination of the war.

[Page 790]
[Inclosure 2 in No. 12.—Translation.]

Speeches on peace.

In conformity with the resolution of the Còrtes, on Friday last His Majesty was congratulated by the president and two secretaries, the committee (selected by lot), and quite a number of deputies, who gladly associated themselves in this act of expression of sentiments and of courtesy.

His Majesty the King appeared with Her Highness the Princess of Asturias as Her Majesty the Queen was slightly indisposed, and on occupying the throne ordered the deputies to occupy the benches placed ad hoc in the royal chamber.

Mr. Ayala (president of the Còrtes), who was near the steps of the throne, delivered to His Majesty the following speech, which has invited attention, not so much on ac count of its remarkable eloquence, as by the spirit of dignity, frankness, and liberality which pervades it and gives it splendor, especially in its last sentences:

Sire: Hardly had Congress heard that the complete pacification of the Island of Cuba was an undoubted fact, than it resolved to send a committee to congratulate Your Majesty on so happy an event; for it is always grateful as well as honorable to share with Your Majesty in the rejoicings of the country and in the hopes for its future prosperity.

“It is just, sire, that we should at this solemn moment call to memory the great efforts which, in spite of the anxieties of times past, all the anterior governments have made in order to maintain the integrity of the nation. In fact, sire, neither our misfortunes nor our discords nor our sanguine dissensions have been powerful enough to withdraw the attention of any one government from the danger that existed in the Island of Cuba. Their main effort was to increase the means of resistance in proportion as the attack was greater and more persistent; they were not detained by any obstacles. There was a time, however, when the soldiers (in order to go on board the vessels that awaited them in the ports), in passing through some of our cities during our civil war in the peninsula, were obliged to expose themselves to the fire and bullets of the enemy. Once embarked, they went on With the determination to defend the rights of those they left behind in a state of anarchy.

“Unfortunately, the news of our civil discords somewhat neutralized our effort by inspiring hope emong the insurgent soldiers, thus exciting them to a prolonged resistance.

“Your Majesty is entitled to the pleasure and honor of being able to feel the conviction that, on occupying the throne of your ancestors, you have bestowed the most efficient element for obtaining the present victory. The peace of the Peninsula has brought about the peace of Cuba, and they both secure to Your Majesty the glorious title of Pacificator of Spain, the most agreeable name to which a magnanimous soul may aspire.

“If, in the midst of your present satisfaction, Your Majesty recollects the unhappy moments when you came to take possession of the throne so worthily occupied by you; if you remember the afflictions the first government of Your Majesty had to endure when you anxiously cast your eyes on the map in order to find out the way through which Your Majesty might reach the capital of the kingdom without endangering your precious life by the enemies’ bullets—if you compare all those anxieties with the peace that now surrounds you, and behold all the provinces of the Spanish monarchy in their present quiet and peaceful state, as if trusting in the noble influence of your magnanimous heart, in the noble influence of your generous youth, and in your bright intellect, you cannot but feel your heart moved, and conceive the earnest desire to apply all your zeal, all your solicitude, and all the moments of your life to the prosperity of this country, to the maintenance of the constitutional monarchy, and the monarchial and liberal institutions which, in spite of the past times of confusion, have conquered absolutism and demagogism; for only thus, and not otherwise, can Your Majesty worthily respond (as we all expect) to the hopes of the country and to the high favors which Providence has already bestowed on you.”

His Majesty with deep feeling said to the deputies that, the Cuban war having terminated by the united efforts of all parties, marked a. new era in our political regeneration.

“Peace,” said His Majesty, “has been obtained by the impulse of our gallant Spanish army, by the decision of the volunteers, the loyalty of the inhabitants of Cuba, the gallantry of the illustrious military chief General Martinez Campos, the co-operation of the not less illustrious General Jovellar, the high and most deserving authorities of the Great Antilla, and, finally, by the unyielding resolution of the mother country to support her noble banner in that Spanish province which was emerged from the chaos of the unknown, christianized and civilized by Spaniards. That holy peace,” repeated [Page 791] His Majesty, “will be sustained, and will fructify by the patriotic perseverance which all parties have shown, and will no doubt continue to show, in peace as well as in war.”

His Majesty lamented that oh ‘account of his high ditties he was not permitted to share in America, by the side of the Spanish combatants and at the head of the valiant army, the perils and fatigues of the campaign, and to fulfill his duties as a soldier, as he had had occasion to do in the peninsula.

“Eternal praise” added His Majesty, “be on the brave and resolute sustainers of the Spanish flag in America and on the gallant chiefs. Eternal praise be on all who, with a truly Spanish heart, have caused the principle of national integrity to be triumphant in Cuba.”

His Majesty closed by asserting the warm impression made on his mind by the patriotic speech delivered by the president of Congress, and by eloquently expressing the hope that in the new condition of affairs Spain might soon reach that bright future to which she is so much entitled.

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