List of papers, with their subjects


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1 Mr. Seward to the consular officers in Great Britain, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Italy, Austria, and Germany. 1878. Mar. 18 Requiring reports showing the prices at which actual sales are made within their several districts, to other countries, of the leading articles of export to the United States. In the case of staple goods, the reports should show the value of raw materials, cost of labor, and whole cost of manufacture. 1
2 Mr. Seward to consular officers in Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Sweden and Norway, and Denmark. Apr. 11 Requiring reports as to rates of wages; cost of living of laboring classes; relative rates for five years past; state of trade; character of circulating medium; relation born by paper to coin; business habits and systems. 2
3 Mr. Seward to consular officers in Great Britain, France, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Belgium, and Germany. Apr. 15 Requiring that samples of goods exported to the United States shall be sent to the proper customs officers at the port of final destination of goods, instead of to those at the port of first arrival. 2
4 Mr. Seward to diplomatic and consular officers at sea-ports. Aug. 21 Requiring sanitary and commercial reports for the use of the Surgeon-General of the Marine-Hospital Service. 3
5 Mr. Evarts to consular officers. Sept. 23 Requiring consular officers to exercise vigilance in the inspection of all American vessels engaged in the coolie trade arriving at their ports. 3



[Page XXII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1 Mr. Osborn to Mr. Evarts 1877. Sept. 12 Revolution in province of San Juan: Government troops to sustain the governor of the province: partisans of D. C. Sarmiento engaged in the revolution. 5
2 do Sept. 18 Mail and telegraph service: 4,530 miles of wire, partly owned by government; 7,500,000 letters and papers sent through the mails during the current year: service, not self-sustaining. 6
3 do Sept. 19 Strength of the army, 12,300 men; of the navy, 31 vessels of war; commercial marine, 1,562 vessels, with aggregate tonnage of 43,000 tons; Indian frontier less troubled. Attention called to the deep-water channel up the Parana and Uruguay Rivers surveyed by Capt. Hunter Davidson. 6
4 do Oct. 3 Congress adjourns: Bills passed establishing a mint at Buenos Ayres to coin gold and silver; abolishing the old Spanish system of weights and measures and adopting the decimal system; and granting aid to the Trans-Andine Railway. 7
5 do Oct. 8 Amnesty accepted by revolutionists of 1874: General Mitre and other officers restored to the army; changes in the cabinet in consequence. 8
6 do 1878. Mar. 5 Boundary dispute with Chili still unsettled: The surrender of the Sandy Point mutineers to Chili refused: their trial for the murder of some of their comrades while in Argentine territory ordered. 9
7 do Mar. 14 Revolution in Corientes: Governor Durqui to be sustained: rebels defeat state troops; propose a compromise in the nature of a new election: reconciliation with the Mitre party not so complete as supposed; rumored trouble in Santa Fé. 10
8 Mr. Osborn to Mr. Evarts Mar. 23 Revolution in Corientes over: April 1 the Argentine Republic enters Postal Union under treaty of Berne. 11
9 do Apr. 26 Crisis in the cabinet: Representatives of the Mitre party withdraw; trouble apprehended; revolutionary movements in Corientes and Santa Fé. 12
10 do May 14 The President opens Congress: Foreign relations satisfactory; the boundary dispute with Chili to be submitted to arbitration; peace restored to the country; national debt, $61,277,802; reduction during the year, $4,000,000; finances in a satisfactory condition; immigration maintains its volume. 13
11 Mr. Garcia to Mr. Evarts 1877. Nov. 29 Asking attention to dispatches from his government respecting the reconciliation effected with the revolutionary party; intimating that the boundary question with Chili will be amicably settled; and expressing the hope that friendly relations with the United States may be maintained. 14
12 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Garcia Dec. 7 Reciprocating the friendly sentiments expressed in the above note. 15
13 Mr. Garcia to Mr. Evarts 1878. Mar. 23 Requesting the appointment of March 25 to deliver the memorial, documents, charts, and books relating to the boundary question with Paraguay, to the President, to whose arbitration it has been submitted. 16
14 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Garcia Mar. 23 Acceding to the above request 16
15 Mr. Garcia to Mr. Evarts Mar. 25 Submitting papers in the arbitration 17
16 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Garcia Mar. 30 Acknowledging their receipt 18
17 do Nov. 13 The question determined in favor of Paraguay 18
18 Mr. Garcia to Mr. Evarts Nov. 13 Acknowledging the receipt of the award 18


[Page XXIV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
19 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts. 1877. Nov. 10 Disastrous effect of the free-trade treaty with Germany upon Austrian industry: The treaty denounced; a new tariff proposed: effect of the silver standard upon customs receipts; and of the suspension of specie payments upon national industry: conclusions based upon present industrial and commercial conditions; that customsdues should be collected in the best and least variable standard money; that customs barriers should be sufficiently high to protect domestic industry; that the “most favored nation” clause is the safest basis for commercial treaties; that for special relations and countries, “reciprocity, treaties” may afford means for the development of special interests. (See dispatch March 4, 1878.) 19
20 do Dec. 14 Meeting of the “Delegations,” the common legislature of the empire: The organization of the Austro-Hungarian Empire illustrated: the Eastern question; a revision of treaties to be the result of the war; the three Emperors acting in unison; Count Andrássy explains the policy of Austria to be “the protection of Austrian interests.” 24
21 do Dec. 23 Detailed statement of the debt of the Austro-Hungrarian Empire; and of Austria and Hungary. 26
22 do 1878. Jan. 30 The effect of the dual organization of the empire respecting questions of taxation. A ministerial crisis the result of disagreement between the Delegations. 29
23 do Feb. 21 The currency of the, empire based upon silver; specie payments suspended in 1848; never since resumed: no prospect of resumption: statement of paper circulation; no specie reserve against government issue; paper depreciated; no specie in circulation; government compelled to buy [Page XXIII] silver in excess of customs receipts; debt bearing silver interest chiefly held abroad; views of Baron von Hoffman: gold ultimately to be the standard; the present relationship susceptible of establishment by international agreement; without such agreement, countries of the higher standard will absorb the better money. 30
24 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts Mar. 4 Tendency of legislation in the direction of higher duties: Free-trade theories giving place to those of pr election; extract from proposed French tariff; the danger to our industries from this movement in Europe, respecting a home tendency toward tree trade. (See Mr. Noyes’s dispatch of March 28, 1878.) 32
25 do Mar. 8 The desirability of a common unit of money for international account and use: The submission of the question to the monetary conference suggested. 34
26 do Mar. 30 Forwarding map of Turkey as affected by the treaty of San Stefano: Uneasy feeling respecting war between England and Russia; the aims of England in the Levant. (See Mr. Maynard’s dispatches of April 3 and 29.) 34
27 do Apr. 9 Invitation to monetary conference given 35
28 do May 8 Austrian intervention in Bosnia probable. Efforts to maintain peace; positive gains made by England in consequence of her decided policy. Diplomats reticent. 36
29 do May 14 Appeal from Mussulmans of Silistria. Turkey the field of diplomatic intrigue; dissatisfaction with the treaty of San Stefano. 38
30 do May 19 Count Schouvaloff’s mission thought to have been successful; the meeting of the congress probable; interest manifested in our ability to maintain strict neutrality in the event of war; the effect of the “three rules” clause of the treaty of Washington, and the right to buy ships and munitions of war in our ports, pending hostilities, discussed. 39
31 do June 1 Hungary accepts invitation to monetary conference. 41
32 do June 5 Suggesting that the recognition of Roumanian in dependence should be conditioned upon the accordance of equality of rights to the Jews. 42
33 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Kasson June 18 Monetary conference to be held at Paris: Invitation accented by leading powers. 43
34 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts June 29 Constitutional questions, until recently pending between Austria and Hungary, adjusted. Customs tariff to be raised; Austrian Bank debt to be assumed; quota of each toward national expenses determined. The Imperial Government strengthened by the agreement. 44
35 do June 30 Austrian policy respecting the Eastern question based upon two principles: Hostility to Sclavic influence; and the extension of commercial relations. Her action at Berlin to be guided by these principles. Bosnian occupation the first step. Austria supported by England. Results of the policy. Influence of existing railways. 44
36 do July 13 The Shah of Persia visits Austria: Changed for the better since his last visit; more inclined to adopt Western ideas; accompanied by his chiefs of administration; Austrian mission to be established in Persia; trade statistics; chance of introducing American products into Persia; a favorable commercial treaty could be negotiated foreign trade of Persia estimated at $18,000,000 per annum. 46
37 do July 13 Invitation to monetary conference accepted 48
38 do July 24 Same subject: Programme of proceedings desirable. 49
39 do Aug. 3 Treaty of Berlin: Items, Bulgaria, autonomy conceded, with right to negotiate; treaties to remain in force: Roumania, independence granted, with full treaty-making power: Servia, existing treaties in force: Montenegro, independence granted, but commercial association with Austria established. Necessity for consular representatives at Bucharest, Belgrade, Antivari, and other points indicated. A thorough examination of existing treaties recommended. For text of treaty see Mr. Maynard’s dispatch, September 28. 50
40 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Kasson Aug. 5 Monetary conference to adopt its own programme 51
41 do Aug. 5 The same repeated 52
42 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts Aug. 27 General Grant visits Vienna: Is received by and dines with the Emperor. Official and other attentions. 52
43 do Sept. 30 Bosnian occupation: Austrian army 125.000 men. Character of the population. Semi-independence of the Begs under Turkish rule; prospects of pacification. 53


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
44 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Evarts 1878. Apr. 7 Invitation to monetary’ conference given 54
45 do Apr. 15 The Eastern question: A credit of 10,500,000 francs granted; Belgium prepared for eventualities. 55
46 Mr. Goodloe to Mr. Evarts June 14 Early answer to invitation to monetary conference 56
47 do June 21 Change of ministry 56
48 do June 28 Detailed account of election: Ministry defeated, and resign; liberals successful; new ministry formed. (See dispatch June 21.) 57
49 do June 26 Invitation to monetary conference accepted. 59
50 do July 12 Same subject: Paris approved as place of meeting. 60


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
51 Mr. Milliard to Mr. Evarts. 1877. Nov. 6 Trade with Brazil: We import largely from, but export little to Brazil; American products are shipped to, and sold in, England, reshipped to Brazil, and resold at advanced rates; steamship lines established with Europe, but none with the United States; the need of such line indicated: the Emperor favors its establishment. 60
52 do Nov. 14 Contract for monthly steamers to the United States entered into: Mail subsidy of $100,000 for ten years granted by Brazil; the question determined by the intervention of the Emperor; increased steam communication with Brazil recommended to attention of Congress. 61
53 do Dec. 31 Resignation of the ministry: Parliament not in session; temporary appointments to be made; American influence extending. 62
54 do 1878. Jan. 16 Liberal ministry formed: Probable dissolution of Parliament: discussion of political affairs. 63
55 do May 23 Interest manifested in new steamship line: First shipment of coffee will be at least 30,000 sacks; Brazilian trade may be secured by extending the facilities of intercommunication. 66
56 do June 7 Arrival of the City of Rio: Ceremonies upon the occasion of the visit of the Emperor and empress; return cargo, 37,000 sacks of coffee, valued at $700,000; the largest and most valuable single cargo ever shipped from Brazil. 67
57 Mr. Seward to Mr. Borges Apr. 30 Requesting a letter commending the commander of the Madeira River surveying party to the consideration of the authorities of Para. 70
58 do July 17 Inviting suggestions relative to a common mode and form of procedure respecting consular certifications to port clearances. 71


[Page XXV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
59 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Evarts 1877. Oct. 10 The assassination of President Barrios of Guatemala attempted: Death of the priest, Felix Pajes, who made the attempt. 73
60 do Oct. 20 Liberty of the press decreed in Guatemala: Comments upon the mode of death of Pajes thought to have influenced its issuance. 74
61 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Evarts Oct. 20 Herrera retires from the Presidency of Costa Pica in favor of Ex-President Guardia; election of deputies decreed. 75
62 do 1878. Jan. 14 Guatemala reduces the duty on flour $1 per quintal, or one cent per pound. 75
63 do Jan. 18 Costa Pica breaks off relations with Guatemala: Conies of natters from Costa Pica. 76
64 do Feb. 16 Ex-President Medina of Honduras, and Marin of Salvador shot, by order of President Soto. 79
65 do Sept. 2 Peace throughout Central America: Friendly relations restored between Nicaragua and Costa Pica; crops good; large coffee crop. 80


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
66 Mr. Osborn to Mr. Evarts 1877. Oct. 8 Ceremonies upon the delivery of the awards of the Centennial Exposition. 80
67 do 1878. Jan. 24 Commander Rodgers’s action respecting the Punta Arenas revolt approved: no more convicts to be sent to that settlement; claims commission appointed. 82
68 do Jan. 31 Adjournment of Congress; commercial depression continues; state of the finances unsatisfactory; deficits, for 1876, $2,000,000: for 1877, $3,000,000; probable deficit for current year, $2,000,000; bonds issued to meet deficits; commission of inquiry appointed. 83
69 do Mar. 1 Inquiry as to the effect upon our relations with Chili of her notice of 1849 to terminate certain clauses of the treaty of 1832; the present a favorable time for the negotiation of a commercial treaty. 85
70 do Mar. 9 Probability of the submission of the Argentine boundary question to the arbitration of the King of the Belgians. 86
71 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Osborn Mar. 9 The effect of the notice of 1849 is full and complete in respect of all clauses of the treaty of 1832, except those relating to peace and friendship: Should Chili favor the negotiation of a new treaty, newer to negotiate will be granted. 87
72 Mr. Osborn to Mr. Evarts. Apr. 18 Account of the earthquake of May 9, 1877 89
73 do June 5 Congress opened by the President: Financial statement unsatisfactory; income tax, and increase of duties, recommended; imports and exports show a falling off; work upon the code, and upon coast and interior surveys, progressing satisfactorily; public education liberally maintained. 91
74 do Oct. 24 Pitcairn’s Island, and its population 93


[Page XXVI]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
75 Mr. Seward to Mr. Evarts 1877. Sept. 22 Currency circulation in China regulated by custom; the premium independent of intrinsic value; the Mexican dollar received for customs at market rate; the trade dollar at rates established by proclamation; suggestions for extending its circulation. 93
76 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Seward Nov. 14 May join colleagues in representing the inadvisability of discontinuing the Woosung Railway. 94
77 Mr. Seward to Mr. Evarts Dec. 21 The Woosung Railway used by large numbers of Chinese before its destruction; an impression of the value of railways made: The famine, and the insufficiency of transportation will increase this impression: The railway future discussed. 95
78 do 1878. Jan. 10 The good offices of the United States requested by China in respect of the execution of her treaty with Spain regulating the treatment of the Chinese in Cuba: Text, and full analysis of the treaty. 96
79 Mr. Seward to Mr. Evarts Feb. 7 No steps taken to establish a mint: Coined silver circulates at a premium over bullion; custom maintains premium on Mexican dollars; inquiry instituted as to methods of increasing circulation of trade-dollar. 101
80 do Feb. 8 Common effort to be made by consuls at Shanghai to maintain the status quo respecting the Woosung telegraph. 102
81 do Feb. 9 Shanghai harbor protection rules submitted to diplomatic corps: Question raised as to competency of China to establish regulations independent of foreign representatives; a Survey of the harbor desirable. 103
82 do Feb. 23 Same subject: Chinese note of submission amended; rules approved; consuls instructed; the question of harbor conservation discussed. 105
83 do Mar. 4 Changes in the approaches to Shanghai: Consuls to collect harbor data for submission by their governments to competent engineers. 107
84 do Mar. 14 Report upon the famine in Shansi, Chihli, Shantung, Shensi, Honan, Szchuen, and Kansu: sixty million people suffering from high price of food; actual famine pressing upon districts with a population of ten million; the missionaries active in rendering aid. 109
85 do Mar. 22 The viceroi of Tientsin grants concession to Mr. Tong-King-Sing to mine coal and iron and build service-railway in Chihli; report upon mineral resources. 122
86 do Mar. 22 Treaty revision discussed: Inequality of rights enjoyed by Chinese in America and of Americans’ in China; question submitted as to whether the time has not come to remove, or at least modify, this inequality by negotiation. 129
87 Mr. Holcombe to Mr. Evarts June 20 Imprisonment of Monseigneur Ridel, French bishop, by the Coreans; war with Japan apprehended by Corea. 131
88 do June 24 Extended memorandum upon the currency of China by Mr. Seward. 132
89 do June 25 Letter of thanks of the Shanghai chamber of commerce to Mr. Seward. 140
90 do June 20 Letter conveying the thanks of the President of Peru to Mr. Seward. 140
91 do July 1 Trade-dollar only circulates at Amoy. Canton, Foo-Chow, Swatow, and the Formosan polls; official action of little value to increase circulation; attention called to practice of “chopping” or mutilation; report of consuls. 141
92 do July 2 Modifications in the Yangtze River trade regulations. 146
93 do July 2 Mr. Comly’s request for intervention in behalf of two Chinese subjects arrested upon the charge of illegally transporting Chinese to Hawaii complied with. 148
94 do July 3 Ch-ng How, senior vice-president board of civil office, appointed minister to Russia. 150


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
95 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Dichman. 1878. Nov. 12 The case of C. G. Scrafford, released by order of the Colombian Government from the legal custody of a United States officer while being transported across the Isthmus of Panama, en route from Peru to the United States: Negotiations for an extradition treaty with Colombia, with a clause providing for the rearrest of Scrafford, to be entered upon; correspondence in the case. (See report of Royal Commission upon Extradition; Mr. Welsh’s dispatch of June 22.) 151
[Page XXVII]


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
96 Mr. Cramer to Mr. Evarts 1877. Aug. 18 Disagreement between the two houses of the Rigsdag upon a financial law: Provisional law decreed by the King; political dissatisfaction; the inhabitants of cities generally conservative; the peasants radical. 155
97 do Nov. 20 Same subject: Cause of trouble, the desire of the opposition to introduce the practice of ministerial responsibility to the chambers. 156
98 do 1878. Mar. 1 Danish troops not to occupy Schleswig 157
99 do Apr. 3 The Rigsdag adiourned: Financial law passed 158
100 do May 10 Denmark to remain neutral in the event of war: Sympathy of people with Russia; army concentrated near the capital; launch of the iron-clad Helgoland; navy to be held in readiness. 159
101 do Nov. 4 The negro revolt in Santa Cruz: 43 out of 80 plantations destroyed; Fredericksted greatly injured; revolt caused by reduction of wages at annual period of rehiring. 160


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
102 Mr. Noyes to Mr. Evarts 1877. Oct. 19 Election for deputies passed off quietly: Government defeated; Bonapartists make largest relative gains; a ministry from the “left” will be constituted. 161
103 do Nov. 9 Resignations of ministry refused by the President: A change inevitable. 162
104 do Nov. 16 The conduct of the recent elections to be inquired into by the chambers: The people restless; business paralyzed. 163
105 do Nov. 16 Ministers again resign: Resignations to be accepted. 163
106 do Nov. 30 A reconstitution of the ministry will end the crisis: Peaceful measures prevail; interview of the Duke d’Audiffret Pasquier with the President; Dufaure, Leon Say, Waddington, and Leon Renault will enter the ministry. 164
107 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Noyes Dec. 5 The thanks of the United States to be conveyed to Captain Aube, of the French man-of-war Le Seignelay, for assistance rendered the consul at Apia, Samoa. 165
108 Mr. Noyes to Mr. Evarts Dec. 7 The Dufaure cabinet to be constituted upon the principle of responsibility to the chambers: Ministers to have the right of removal from office; effect of the bureaucratic spirit. 166
109 do Dec. 14 Mr. Waddington appointed minister of foreign affairs, and Mr. Leon Say minister of finance. 167
110 Mr. Seward to Mr. Noyes Dec. 19 Invitation to participate in the Paris Exposition accepted: Mr. McCormick appointed commissioner-general. 168
111 Mr. Noyes to Mr. Evarts Dec. 21 The President accepts the result of the elections as the judgment of the people in favor of parliamentary government with ministerial responsibility. 169
112 do Dec. 28 Invitation to Paris Exposition accented 169
113 do 1878. Jan. 11 Note from Mr. Waddington relative to the appointment of Mr. McCormick. 169
114 do Mar. 28 Tariff revision receiving attention: Prior to 1860, France was protectionist; since 1860, the French tariff has been twofold in character, conventional, i. e., regulated by special commercial treaties, and general and retaliatory in respect of the products of nations having no tariff treaties with her. The policy of the new bill is retaliative, i. e., the duties imposed are protective, with the reservation that its stipulations may be modified by treaty stipulation. The growth, of protectionist ideas and theories in Europe recognized. (See Mr. Kasson’s dispatches of November 10, 1877, and March 4, 1878.) 170
115 do Apr. 5 France to consult members of Latin Union: Probability of acceptance of invitation to monetary conference. 172
116 Mr. Noyes to Mr. Evarts Apr. 26 Report of Dr. William E. Johnston upon the organization and plan of operation of the international commission for the exchange of works of science. 173
117 do May 31 France has assent of all members of Latin Union but Italy to join in monetary conference. 175
118 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Evarts June 9 France and Italy accept; Paris suggested as place of meeting. 175
119 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Noyes June 10 Smithsonian system of exchanges explained; Mr. Noyes to act with international commission. 175
120 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Evarts June 13 Members of Latin Union accept invitation to conference; United States to propose time of meeting. 176
121 do June 14 Same subject: Report; invitation of France to meet at Paris. 176
122 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Hitt June 28 Diplomatic representatives in Europe to be informed that conference will meet in Paris August 10. 176
123 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Evarts July 17 Asking if France shall be requested to issue invitations to the conference. 178
124 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Hitt July 19 Same subject: Request to be made 179
125 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Evarts July 19 Same subject: Arrangements for meeting of conference. 179
126 Mr. Noyes to Mr. Evarts Aug. 9 Asking if the Smithsonian Institution will represent the United States in International Commission of Exchanges. 180
127 do Sept. 19 $6,000 contributed for yellow-fever sufferers 181
128 do Sept. 20 American exhibit at exposition highly creditable; shall receive more prizes relatively than any other country; Mr. McCormick’s management satisfactory. 181
129 do Sept. 24 $4,000 additional for yellow-fever fund 182
130 do Sept. 27 Report of fund; list of contributors; total to date about 60,000 francs. 182
131 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Noyes Sept. 28 Treasury circular as to customs duties upon tourists’ effects. 184
132 Mr. Noyes to Mr. Evarts Oct. 11 Additional list of contributors to yellow-lever fund. 189
133 do Oct. 17 $4,000 additional for yellow-fever fund 190
134 do Oct. 25 Additional list of contributors to yellow-fever fund. 190
135 do Nov. 14 Final list of contributors to fund; 82.718.70 francs sent through Mr. Noyes; grand total from France about 150,000 francs. 191
136 Mr. Outrey to Mr. Evarts Jan. 14 Respecting the refusal of the captain of an American vessel to transport from Guiana to Salem, Massachusetts, persons released from imprisonment, and asking copies of State or national laws upon the subject. 192
137 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Outrey Jan. 23 Inclosing extract from statutes of Massachusetts, and copy of act of Congress of March 3, 1875, forbidding such transportation. 193


[Page XXIX]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
138 Mr. Everett to Mr. Evarts. 1878. Feb. 25 Prince Bismarck’s speech in the Reichstag, February 19, respecting the Eastern question; Germany’s position that of mediator; the meeting of the, of the congress probable. 195
139 do Mar. 4 Measures to reorganize the imperial chancery and to revise taxation to increase revenue, discussed by the Reichstag; the budget for 1878–’79. 202
140 do Mar. 11 The budget debate continues; the appointment of Mr. Taylor gives satisfaction; the veto of the silver bill favorably commented on. 204
141 do Mar. 18 The chancery substitution bill passed; report upon emigration; aggregate from ports of Hamburg and Bremen for current year, 41,759. 204
142 do Mar. 28 The celebration of the Emperor’s birthday 205
143 do Apr. 8 I Prussian Diet closed: ministerial changes; comments upon Lord Salisbury’s circular of April 1; the meeting of the congress probable. 209
144 Mr. Seward to Mr. Everett. Apr. 30 The case of Julius Baumer, a naturalized citizen, arrested in contravention of the treaty of 1868, while upon a visit to his former home in Westphalia, to be called to the attention of the German Government and reparation asked. 210
145 Mr. Taylor to Mr. Evarts May 25 The government hill to suppress social democratic demonstrations lost in the Reichstag by a vote of 57 to 251; the political effect of the attempt upon the Emperor’s life discussed; the resignation of Doctor Falk. 212
146 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Taylor June 3 The congratulations of the President upon the escape of the Emperor from assassination. 214
147 Mr. Taylor to Mr. Evarts June 5 The Emperor’s condition not one of immediate danger; the regency of the Crown Prince anticipated; the congress to meet in Berlin. 214
148 do June 10 The regency of the Crown Prince; Dr. Falk withdraws his resignation; the Prussian Government proposes the dissolution of the Reichstag; the proposition will be acceded to by the imperial council; the belief in a widespread conspiracy against society on the part of the socialists, prevails. 215
149 do June 12 The thanks of the Crown Prince for the congratulations of the President. 216
150 do June 15 Cases of Ganzenmuller and Weil, naturalized citizens: Ordered to leave Baden, because their exemption from military service as American citizens, was of bad influence; action taken under Baden law; protest of legation; report of Consul Smith, and note of Mr. Von Billow. (See dispatch, August 7.) 216
151 do June 17 The congress convenes; England offers to withdraw her fleet if Russia will withdraw her army; attitude of Austria undeveloped; confidence in the maintenance of peace; Mr. Taylor received by Prince Bismarck. 221
152 do July 1 General Grant visits Berlin; is received and dines with the Crown Prince; a military review held in his honor; Mr. Taylor’s audience with the empress; Prince Bismarck and General Grant; Mr. Coleman’s retention requested. 223
153 do July 5 Case of Willimek: May return to Germany under “two years” clause of treaty; must be provided with documents to establish character and identity. 225
154 do July 15 The treaty of Berlin: No permanent basis of peace established; religious liberty accorded to Roumania, Bulgaria, and Roumelia. 227
155 do July 15 Case of Julius Baumer: May return to Germany under “two years” clause of treaty; Germany declines to make compensation. 228
156 do Aug. 7 The case of Ganzenmuller: His last letter claiming citizenship and protection of legation, dated June 12; case settled by his applying the next day, June 13, for Baden citizenship. Analogous cases; correspondence; trouble occasioned by failure of naturalized citizens to observe local regulations applicable alike to natives and foreigners. (See following dispatch.) 229
157 do Sept. 27 Naturalization cases: The settlement of just claims complicated by unwarrantable ones; treaty stipulations observed; naturalization often sought as a means of protection from military service; the necessity for the test of intention clause of treaty, i. e., the “two years” clause, demonstrated. 232
158 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Taylor Oct. 19 Action of Germany in naturalization cases occasions satisfaction; the Willimek case. 233
159 Mr. Von Schlozer to Mr. Evarts. Apr. 8 Requesting a limitation of consular demand for samples of goods shipped to the United States; and that consuls shall not allow inspection of samples deposited with them. 234
160 Mr. Seward to Mr. Von Schlozer. May 1 Consuls will be instructed not to permit inspection of samples; Treasury regulations as to samples. 235
161 Mr. Von Schlozer to Mr. Evarts. Oct. 18 Contribution of German Emperor to yellow-fever fund. 236
162 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Von Schlozer. The thanks of the President to the Emperor 236


[Page XXX] [Page XXXII] [Page XXXIII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
163 Mr. Pierrepont to Mr. Evarts 1877. Oct. 25 A trade-mark convention with Great Britain concluded. 237
164 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Pierrepont Oct. 26 Authorizing Mr. Pierrepont to attend telegraph conference. 237
165 Mr. Pierrepont to Mr. Evarts Nov. 15 Reply of the lords of the treasury to Mr. Eaton’s request for opinions respecting the result of the change in method of appointment to the civil service. The change still in progress. The limitations and conditions under which the principle of competition ought to be applied cannot he said to have been placed beyond question. The practical permanence of tenure (although legally at pleasure) of office, as well deserving of attention as the rules of admission to the service. The competitive system more generally introduced into the Indian service than into any of the other great services. The questions proposed appear to be such as could only be answered by politicians in a parliamentary debate. 237
166 do Dec. 5 Editorial from the Times of December 5 upon the Eastern question. 239
167 do Dec. 22 Mr. Welsh arrives in London the 12th; is introduced to Lord Derby on the 14th, and has an audience of the Queen at Windsor on the 22d; on which occasion Mr. Pierrepont took leave. 241
168 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts 1878. Jan. 18 Parliament opened. The Queen’s speech read by the lord chancellor. 242
169 do Feb. 16 The Franconia-Strath Clyde case: Collision, with loss of life, off Dover, within two miles and a half of land; master of Franconia tried for manslaughter; convicted; judgment quashed upon appeal—the Lord Chief Justice, with majority of court, holding that no action would lie because no jurisdiction to try causes arising below low-water mark, and within area of territorial waters, had been conferred by Parliament; territorial waters, below low-water mark, outside the area of common-law jurisdiction, yet within the nation; act of Parliament required to give jurisdiction; speech of Lord Cairns introducing bill to confer jurisdiction; territorial waters defined to be national waters within cannon-shot, or one marine league, of shore, American and European authorities cited. 245
170 do Mar. 15 Inclosing and commending a report by Mr. Nadal upon the organization of the British diplomatic service. 351
171 do Mar. 29 The refusal of British, consul at Tamatave, Madagascar, to entertain complaints of Americans against British subjects, due to treaty restrictions upon his jurisdiction; Great Britain willing to consider proposals for enlargement of consular jurisdiction. 257
172 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh Apr. 2 Case of E. O’M. Condon to be brought to attention of British Government. 258
173 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts Apr. 4 The Eastern question: Lords Carnarvon and Derby retire from the cabinet; Lord Salisbury appointed minister for foreign affairs; his circular dispatch defining the position of Great Britain respecting the treaty of San Stefano; the ministry firm and united; a sentiment of uneasiness prevails. (See Mr. Maynard’s dispatches April 3 and 29.) 259
174 do Apr. 15 Inquiring if representation at monetary conference will commit Great Britain to double standard. 264
175 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh Apr. 16 Attendance commits to no special line of policy. 264
176 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts June 14 May conference consider standards of currency with view to adoption of a uniform and universal system. 264
177 do June 15 Liberian boundary commission not to meet until after rainy season. 265
178 do June 22 Qualified acceptance of invitation to monetary conference. 266
179 do June 22 Report of royal commission upon extradition: Extradition founded upon two principles—common interest, to insure punishment of crime, and local interest, to be freed from the presence of the criminal; extradition should be granted whether there be extradition treaty or not with demanding nation; treaties desirable to regulate form of procedure, to list crimes, and to save from extradition offenders of a purely political character; the same reason holds for the extradition [Page XXXI] of subjects accused of crimes in foreign countries as for the extradition of foreign criminals; surrender should be made upon the making out of a prima-facie case; accused should have right to bring his case before a magistrate; extradited criminals in transitu should not be liberated; suggestions for modifications of laws. (See Mr. Evarts’s instruction to Mr. Dichman of November 12.) 268
180 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh July 1 The case of E. O’M. Condon to be reopened 278
181 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts July 2 Invitation to monetary conference accented 279
182 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh July 24 Instructions as to case of E. O’M. Condon 280
183 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts Aug. 13 The Liberian minister requests American co-operation in building a railway from the coast to the high lands of Liberia. The advantages to our commerce of developing the rich agricultural land back from the coast pointed out; the subject commended to the consideration of Congress. 281
184 do Aug. 17 Condon’s pardon probable 283
185 do Aug. 21 Cabinet will recommend Condon’s pardon 284
186 do Aug. 24 Inclosing Lord Salisbury’s note and Captain Sullivan’s report upon the fishery outrages upon the coast of Newfoundland 284
187 do Aug. 27 Condon and Melody to be pardoned 285
188 Mr. Seward to Mr. Welsh Sept. 2 Mr. Blyden’s letter requesting American cooperation in building a railway in Liberia to be submitted to Congress. 287
189 Mr. Seward to Mr. Hoppin Sept. 3 Approval of Mr. Welsh’s conduct of the Condon case. 287
190 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Evarts Sept. 11 Condon case: further correspondence 288
191 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh Sept. 27 Reviewing the award of the fishery commission. The correspondence due to the desire to reach a complete understanding between the two governments as to the conformity of the award to the terms of the treaty of Washington. The protest to the award based upon the proposition that it transcends the submission. By the treaty the United States surrendered no right previously held. Its fishery rights under the treaty of 1818, and its interpretation of the same, were maintained before the Joint High Commission. The rights secured by the Treaty of Washington were to be in addition to those already held. The scope of the arbitration was the determination of the value of a temporary possessory privilege in respect of the fisheries; and in forming their estimate of the value of such privilege, the commissioners were restricted to the measuring, as against privileges granted to the fishermen of the United States, concessions made by the United States in favor of Canadian fishermen under Articles XIX and XXI of the treaty, by which the right to fish in our waters, within certain limits, and to import into the United States free of duty, certain articles of great value in the commerce of the provinces, articles which hitherto were only admitted after the payment of a high rate of duty, were granted. The narrow scope of the arbitration: The record of the value, for certain periods, of the concession made by Great Britain; the record of the value of the duties remitted in respect of the concession made by the United States; and the nature of the catch, essentially limited to the inshore mackerel fisheries; taken in connection with the magnitude of the award, compel the conclusion that the award could only have been based upon other grounds than those of the submission. This view of the award and protest thereto, to be brought to the attention of the British Government in order that the position of the United States respecting its fishery rights may be understood, and that through its consideration a permanent and comprehensive settlement of the fishery interests of the two governments may be reached. 290
192 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh Sept. 28 The injuries suffered by our fishing fleet at Fortune Bay discussed. The position that the treaty rights of American fishermen may be affected by local provincial legislation inadmissible. If it shall appear at any time necessary to formulate regulations respecting the enjoyment of such rights, such regulations can only be established by convention between the two governments. 308
193 Mr. Hoppin to Mr. Evarts Sept. 28 Condon case: Further correspondence 312
194 do Sept. 28 The thanks of the Lords of the Admiralty for the reception accorded the British fleet at Newport. 313
195 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts Nov. 1 Lord Salisbury to reply to Mr. Evarts’s fishery dispatches: Extract from Daily Chronicle respecting the Fortune Bay outrage. 314
196 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh Nov. 8 Form of notice and protest to be used in the event of the payment of the fishery award. 315
197 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts. Nov. 9 Reply of Lord Salisbury: The validity of the Halifax award maintained. 316
198 do Nov. 9 Reply of Lord Salisbury to complaint in Fortune Bay fishery case: British sovereignty, as regards those waters, is limited in its scope by the engagements of the Treaty of Washington, which cannot be modified or affected by any municipal legislation. 323
199 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Welsh Nov. 12 Receipt of above acknowledged. 333
200 Mr. Welsh to Mr. Evarts Nov. 22 The Halifax award paid: the protest delivered to Lord Salisbury. 333
201 Mr. Jackson to Mr. Evarts. 1877. Dec. 5 Discussing the Halifax award 334
202 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Evarts Dec. 1 Indian Government offers prize for best machine for the preparation of ramie; competition open. 337
203 do 1878. Jan. 19 Inquiring if the United States would accept temporarily, boundary line between British Columbia and Alaska, in the Valley of the Stickine, as found by Canadian engineer. Report of survey. 339
204 do Feb. 19 Movements of Sitting Bull: precautions taken by Canadian Government. 344
205 Mr. Evarts to Sir E. Thornton Feb. 20 Alaska boundary line suggested by Sir Edward Thornton conditionally accepted: right of reviewal reserved. 346
206 do Mar. 2 American fishermen interfered with off coast of Newfoundland. 346
207 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Evart Mar. 6 Provisional character of Alaska boundary line agreed to by Canada. 347
208 do Apr. 18 Thanks of Government of New Zealand for salmon ova. 348
209 do May 20 British Government institutes inquiries in relation to fishery troubles. 349
210 Mr. Evarts to Sir E. Thornton June 17 Communicating information as to the trade in ammunition between the Montana Indians and the British Possessions. 349
211 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Evarts July 11 Requesting agreement upon rules and regulations for the transportation of dutiable merchandise between Canada and the United States, as provided for in Article XXX, Treaty of Washington. 350
212 Mr. Seward to Sir E. Thornton. July 15 Inquiring if Canada will grant reciprocal right to American vessels to aid those wrecked or disabled in Canadian waters, which the United States is ready, by act of Congress, to accord to Canadian vessels in its waters. 351
213 Mr. Evarts to Sir E. Thornton July 31 Changes in regulations under Article XXX, Treaty of Washington, to be announced by each government to the other. Transmitting amendments. 351
214 Mr. Seward to Sir E. Thornton. Aug. 26 Case of tug Champion: Reciprocal action respecting disabled vessels desirable. 352
215 do Aug. 27 Case of steamboat Nellie: Canadian customs regulations in conflict with clause of Treaty of Washington insuring free navigation of the Stickine. 352
216 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Evarts Sept. 16 Requesting acceptance of international sailing regulations for the prevention of collisions at sea, as submitted. 354
217 Mr. Seward to Sir E. Thornton. Oct. 9 Same subject: Accepting regulations. 355
218 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Seward. Oct. 12 Amendments to regulations under Article XXX, Treaty of Washington, accepted by Canada. 355
219 Mr. Seward to Sir E. Thornton. Oct. 25 Requesting exemption from contagious diseases act, for American cattle: The law of the United States respecting importation of hides and cattle. 356
220 Mr. Evarts to Sir E. Thornton Oct. 29 Regulations, as finally amended, under Article XXX, Treaty of Washington, accepted by the United States. 357
221 do Oct. 31 An announcement as to the Stanford prize for best essay on hydrophobia, made through the press. 358


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
222 Mr. Read to Mr. Evarts 1877. Nov. 30 Trade report: Annual value Greek trade; imports, $18,500,000; exports, $11,400,000. Imports: Cotton and woolen goods, iron, hides, sugar, salt fish, grain, flour, petroleum. 358
223 do Dec. 18 Aggregate of grain and flour in Athens December 6. 360
224 do 1878. Jan. 25 New ministry formed; its policy to be “national”. 360
225 do Jan. 26 Duty upon cotton-seed and cotton abolished. 361
226 do Jan. 29 War riot in Athens and Piraeus: Houses of the ministry attacked; mob fired upon by soldiery, and return the fire; quiet restored; no disaffection to the King. 362
227 do Feb. 2 The Marion ordered to the Piraeus: War between Greece and Turkey probable. 364
228 do Feb. 5 The Greek army enters Epirus and Thessaly: Domestic trouble apprehended; the Piræus to be fortified; the national guard armed. 365
229 do Feb. 5 Precaution taken to protect Americans and American interests in event of war. 365
230 do Feb. 6 Greek troops to be withdrawn from Turkey. 366
231 do Mar. 9 General Grant’s reception at the Piraeus: Foreign fleets in harbor fire national salute; his entry into Athens: a public reception at both places. 366
939 do Mar. 9 Account continued 368
233 do Mar. 11 General Grant received by, and dines with, the Ring. 368
234 do Mar. 12 Account continued 369
235 do Mar. 13 The King visits the Vandalia: Is received by General Grant. 369
236 do Mar. 14 Account continued 369
237 do Mar. 15 Account continued: The enthusiasm manifested upon the arrival of General Grant continues throughout his visit. 370
238 do Apr. 4 Excitement occasioned by the assassination of Mr. Ogle, an Englishman. 371
239 do Apr. 11 The massacres at Macrinitza: Mr. Ogle’s funeral 371
240 do Apr. 12 The Marion ordered to Volo 372
241 do Apr. 12 Greece to attend monetary conference 372
242 do Apr. 12 Same subject 372
243 do Apr. 13 Condition of affairs critical; time ill-judged to withdraw mission. 373
244 do May 23 Same subject: Importance of mission in Greece indicated. 374
245 do June 20 Dissatisfaction with proceedings at Berlin: Greek interests disregarded; King and people united. 375
246 do June 27 Greece admitted to the congress 375
247 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Read July 10 Regret expressed at omission of appropriation for mission: The ability and integrity with which Mr. Read has discharged various consular and diplomatic duties recognized by the department. 377
248 Mr. Read to Mr. Evarts July 13 Anxiety as to action at Berlin 377


[Page XXXIV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
249 Mr. Comly to Mr. Evarts 1877. Dec. 28 Admiral Murray and staff presented to the King 378
250 do Dec. 28 Trade report: Americans not taking advantage of reciprocity treaty. Although working against a differential duty, Englishmen are getting control of the trade; Hawaiian crops sold in the United States, but purchases made through European traders. 379
251 do May 1 Parliament opened by the King: Speech favorable to American interests. 381
252 Mr. Comly to Mr. Evarts 1878. July 8 England to waive claim to entry of goods on same conditions as specified in our reciprocity treaty, if differential duty shall not exceed 10 per cent., ad valorem: Integrity of treaty endangered by proposition; Hawaiian Government not favorable to it; parliamentary reports upon the subject; hostility to treaty manifested; reports of envoys to England and Germany. 382
253 do July 8 Change of ministry 405
254 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Comly Aug. 6 The position taken respecting claim of Great Britain and Germany to participate in benefits of reciprocity treaty approved. 405


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
255 Mr. Bassett to Mr. Evarts 1877. Sept. 24 Relations between Hayti and San Domingo “badly defined”; proclamation of President Canal. 406
256 do Oct. 23 Aid rendered to American crews of the General Marino, disabled, and General Maza, sunk, Columbian vessels. 408
257 do Oct. 23 Mr. Faubert appointed minister to France 409
258 do Oct. 23 Outbreaks at San Marc and Quatier Marin 409
259 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Langston. Nov. 7 Case of A. Nones & Co.: Excessive consular fee for the certification of invoices; the spirit of the treaty violated; The fee a discriminating duty; representations to be made to Hayti. 411
260 Mr. Langston to Mr. Evarts. Nov. 29 Peace prevails. Coffee crop a good one 412
261 do Dec. 6 Revolutionary movements in San Domingo: President Baez able to sustain himself; three parties in the field. 414
262 do Dec. 6 Consular-fee question brought to the attention of the government. 415
263 do Dec. 22 Same subject: Tax held by Hayti to be a customs duty, imposed to raise revenue; that it affects the commerce of all nations trading with Hayti alike; and that its imposition is within the national competency. 416
264 do Dec. 22 The difficulty with Spain respecting the D’José Santisi case settled. 418
265 do 1878. Jan. 9 Consular-tax question: Answer to Haytian note; position of the United States reaffirmed. 427
266 do Jan. 24 Same subject: British minister enters similar protest. 428
267 do Mar. 18 Revolution at Port au Prince; suppressed by President Canal. 431
268 do Mar. 26 Detailed account of the revolution at Port au Prince: Tanis and Chevalier its leaders. 431
269 do Apr. 10 Same subject: Refugees in American legation, finally shipped to Kingston. Policy of “right of asylum” discussed; ill effect illustrated; it induces revolutionary movements, because it secures practical immunity to offenders. Propriety of the restriction of the “right” suggested. 443
270 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Langston. Apr. 12 Consular-fee question: Consultation with British representative enjoined; form of tax objectionable; efforts to be made to secure is discontinuance. 445
271 Mr. Langston to Mr. Evarts. May 10 Agricultural fête: The exhibit; condition of agriculture; rude implements used; land fertile; people industrious, but badly informed; no means of instruction as to new processes of cultivation; opening for American machinery and methods. 446
272 do May 25 Tardy meeting of legislative assembly; addresses at opening. 450
273 do July 11 Observance of Fourth of July 453
274 do July 11 Changes in cabinet probable; revolution apprehended. 453
275 do July 24 New cabinet appointed: acquiescence in selections. 454
276 do July 25 Collision between Haytian war-vessel St. Michel and schooner A. J. Fabens; case to be presented to government. 456
[Page XXXV]


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
277 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Evarts 1877. June 2 Influx of pilgrims: Meetings of ecclesiastics; observance of fiftieth anniversary of election of Pius IX to the episcopate; propriety of the removal of Pope and Curia to Lyons discussed. 457
278 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Marsh July 25 Case of Largomarsino, naturalized citizen, impressed into Italian army: To be inquired into. 458
279 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Evarts Aug. 7 Same subject: History of case; Italian government contends for principle of inalienability of allegiance. 459
280 do Aug. 11 Same subject: Case submitted; only exception to Italian law of allegiance in case of son whose father has been naturalized abroad; Largomarsino case not within this exception. 460
281 Mr. Seward to Mr. Marsh Sept. 2 Same subject: Circumstances in case to be again presented, and friendly request made for his discharge. 461
282 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Evarts Sept. 16 Consular convention denounced by Italy: Willing to renew same except Article VI. 462
283 do Sept. 18 Same subject: Objection to inviolability of consular dwellings secured by Article VI; provision hostile to policy of Italy; its continuance would neutralize treaties with other powers, under operation of “most favored nation” clause. 462
284 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Evarts Oct. 3 Case of Largomarsino: No disposition to modify application of local law. 464
285 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Marsh Oct. 24 Inquiring as to practice of billeting troops upon foreigners in time, of peace. 464
286 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Evarts Nov. 1 The law of marriage as it affects contracts between Americans and Italians: Ante-nuptial settlements, and strict compliance with provisions of Italian civil code, recommended; compliance with this recommendation not always possible; great uncertainty as to attitude of Italian courts respecting marriages not performed in accordance with Italian law; the local civil authorities alone authorized by law to celebrate marriages, and then only when all the requisites of the civil code have been fulfilled; present regulations insufficient; suggested that subject be made matter of treaty stipulation between the two governments. 465
287 do Dec. 29 Change of ministry: Mr. Depretis president of the council; state ownership and operation of railways exciting interest. 466
288 do 1878. Jan. 9 The death of Victor Emanuel announced: A sketch of his career. 467
289 do Jan. 10 Accession of the crown prince to the throne as Humbert I. 468
290 do Jan. 20 The funeral of the King attended with pomp: Vast concourse of people from all parts of Italy; foreign governments represented. 469
291 do Feb. 8 The death of Pope Pius IX announced; no excitement. 470
292 do Feb. 20 Accession of Cardinal Pecci to the pontificate as Leo XIII; policy of new pope. 470
293 do Mar. 24 Parliament opened by the King; new ministry formed by Mr. Cairoli; Count Corti appointed minister for foreign affairs. 471
294 do June 24 Invitation to monetary conference accepted 474
295 do July 23 Dissatisfaction with treaty of Berlin not so deep as represented by British and French papers: The subject of the “Trentino” discussed; its possession essential to the military security of the kingdom; its population and character Italian; the case of Triest different; its territory Austrian by five centuries of occupation. 475
296 do July 30 Delegates to monetary conference appointed. 477
297 Mr. Wurts to Mr. Evarts. Aug. 17 Customs regulation as to entry of merchandise at port of Leghorn: “Consular certificate of origin,” and “two bills of lading” required. 478
298 Baron Blanc to Mr. Evarts Jan. 9 Announcing the death of King Victor Emanuel and succession of King Humbert. 478
299 Mr. Evarts to Baron Blanc Jan. 10 Acknowledging the above 479
300 Baron Blanc to Mr. Evarts J an. 18 Inviting the President to attend memorial services at Saint Aloysius. 479
301 Mr. Evarts to Baron Blanc Jan. 22 Acknowledging the above 479
302 Baron Blanc to Mr. Evarts Mar. 4 The attendance of the President and other officers of the government at the memorial services appreciated by the Government of Italy. 480
303 Mr. Evarts to Baron Blanc Mar. 28 Acknowledging to above 480
[Page XXXVI]


No From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
304 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Evarts 1877. Nov. 13 Trial of Satsuma rebels reported: Leniency of Japanese Government. 481
305 do Nov. 15 Disappearance of the cholera: Deaths numerous in Japanese settlements; few deaths among foreigners; board of health organized; the appropriation by Congress of a fund for relief of destitute Americans recommended. 481
306 do Dec. 1 Admiral Patterson and staff presented to the Emperor. 483
307 do Dec. 1 Closing exercises at the Industrial Exposition: Exposition visited by several hundred thousand people. 484
308 do Dec. 17 A Chinese legation accredited to Japan: Dr. D. B. McCartee, an American, secretary. 485
309 do 1878. Jan. 12 The Emperor and Empress receive the diplomatic corps January 1. 486
310 do Feb. 21 Harbor regulations for Yokohama approved 486
311 do May 16 Assassination of Mr. Okubo Toshimichi, minister of the interior: Assassins engaged in late rebellion: action of the envoy. 491
312 do June 6 Same subject: Public services of Mr. Okubo. 495
313 do June 29 Same subject: Address of the assassins to the Emperor; the assassination political. 499
314 do Sept. 10 Same subject: Address of the assassins to the Emperor: the assassination political. 499
315 do Sept. 12 The Emperor well received during his visit to the north of the empire: Interest in education. 507
316 do Sept. 12 Revolt of a part of the garrison of Tokei: Its suppression. 508
317 do Sept. 12 The assassins of Mr. Okubo executed 511
318 do Sept. 13 The Emperor presents 30,000 yen to the family of Mr. Okubo. 512
319 do Sept. 13 The assassins of Messrs. Ap Jones and Russell arrested. 513
320 do Sept. 16 Japanese debt, 375,000,000 yen: Revenues for current year estimated at 53,275,000 yen; expenses about the same; three-fourths of the revenue derived from land tax; debt to be reduced each year by payment of 20,000,000 yen. 513
321 do Oct. 7 Case of Frank Gasper: Trial requested by Japanese Government for violation of railway regulations; case referred to Mr. Benson for action; correspondence. 514
322 do Oct. 9 Case of Thomas Glass: Inquiring if the right to decree deportation of Americans “convicted of felony, or twice convicted of misdemeanors,” exists. 518


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
323 Mr. Turner to Mr. Evarts 1878. Jan. 2 The President impeached: The Vice-President Acting President. 520
324 do Jan. 8 The Secretary of the Treasury impeached: Sentence of Payne for assault upon representatives. 521
325 do Jan. 8 President Gardner inaugurated 522
326 do Jan. 26 Proceedings in impeachment trials 523
327 do Feb. 15 Arrival of bark Liberia with fifty-three immigrants, and two commissioners to select land for colonies from Arkansas; missionary movements. 523


[Page XXXVII] [Page XXXVIII] [Page XXXIX] [Page XL]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
328 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts 1877. Sept. 28 Address of President Diaz at opening of Congress: Peace prevails; frontier question discussea; foreign relations, otherwise, satisfactory; public work and education question. 525
329 do Oct. 6 Exactions upon Americans in Chihuahua: Property seized; forced loans imposed; examinations by governor unsatisfactory; reports of Consul Scott; cases of MacManus & Sons; Muller; Nordwald; Thomas N. Smith: and Walter Henry. 527
330 do Oct. 27 Crossing into Mexico of Lieutenant Bullis and Colonel Shafter: Report of Mexican officers; strict compliance with instructions of June 18, as to crossing of frontier by our troops, ordered by minister of war; Mexican legation at Washington instructed to protest. 531
331 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts Oct. 27 Rio Grande City jail extradition cases: Proceedings at Matamoras; extradition denied in three cases because of Mexican citizenship of offenders; in fourth case, because offender was undergoing sentence in another cause. 534
332 do Nov. 9 Movements for a renewal of diplomatic relations with Great Britain are being made: Occasion of withdrawal of British legation from Mexico in 1867. 534
333 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Foster. Dec. 7 Inquiry to be made as to whether the Rio Grande City jail offenders have been punished in accordance with Mexican penal code. 535
334 do 1878. Jan. 2 The Shaffer expedition: Mr. de Cuellar’s note; American reports differ from Mexican; no damage to Mexico; Mr. Vallarta to be furnished unofficially with particulars. 536
335 do Jan. 2 Gratification of government at co-operation of Mexican troops with the Ward expedition. 536
336 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts Jan. 3 Historical sketch of Indian tribes: Indian relations with Mexico. 537
337 do Jan. 10 Mexico has no information as to punishment of Rio Grande City offenders. 539
338 do Jan. 17 The Ward expedition denounced as an invasion: Co-operation of Mexican troops condemned by press and government; officer in command to be punished. 540
339 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Foster Mar. 23 Directing resumption of official relations. 543
340 Mr. Richardson to Mr. Evarts. Apr. 2 General Gonzales succeeds General Ogazon as minister of war: The change a victory for the radical revolutionary, or Tuxtepec party. 544
341 do Apr. 6 Address of President Diaz at opening of Congress: Foreign relations peaceful; order maintained; a system of general surveys instituted; questions of finance, education, and public works discussed. 545
342 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts May 4 Foreign debt of Mexico, $130,000,000: Interest unpaid for many years; value of bonds nominal; no adjustment with creditors attempted; private purchase in 1868 by Mexico of certain bonds, at 18¾ per cent.; some “Carbajal bonds” bought at that time; recent private purchase of Spanish convention debt, at 4 per cent. (See dispatches, October 8, 9, 25.) 548
343 do May 6 Present administration evinces earnest desire to develop the country: Several public works undertaken; the wagon-road from Tampico to San Luis Potosi opened. 549
344 do May 7 The amended constitution renders ineligible to re-election to next succeeding term, the President of the republic, and the governors of States. 549
345 do May 29 The railway question: Opposition to the Palmer-Sullivan contracts likely to prevail; hostility manifested to American corporations, or to connection with the railway system of the United States; speech of Mr. Chavero in Congress in “opposition to American railways in Mexico.” 550
346 do June 17 Mr. Mata to be appointed minister for foreign affairs: The frontier question the only serious one before foreign office; no reason why an amicable adjustment should not be reached. 552
347 do June 26 Secret action of Senate respecting crossings of frontier: Attacks of opposition press; moderate article from “Monitor Republicano” respecting relations with United States; “reciprocal crossing” thought to be “inadmissible.” 553
348 do July 15 Mexico to protest against crossing of frontier: Negotiations may be affected; the Mackenzie-Shafter expedition complained of as a violation of territory; American position restated by Mr. Foster; the June 1, 1877, order cannot be withdrawn until frontier question is settled; the United States will accord to, what she asks of, Mexico; obligations to be reciprocal; denial entered that Americans raid into Mexico, and proofs asked; the experience of President Diaz illustrates difficulty of suppressing revolutionary movements upon frontier. 555
349 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts July 17 The extradition of Dominguez and Barrera, charged with murder: Judgment of Supreme Court; opinions of Magistrates Ramirez and Bautista against extradition, and of Señor Vallarta in favor of granting it; citizens may be extradited in the discretion of the government. 560
350 do Aug. 3 Diaz party successful in election: No real expression of public opinion; voting usually confined to government party; the other parties look to revolution: election methods: party divisions. 567
351 do Aug. 6 Excitement respecting frontier relations, and General Ord’s visit to Washington: Government bitterly attacked by opposition press; Mata–Foster correspondence thought to presage war. 570
352 do Aug. 8 Unhappy influence of divisions in liberal party: The institutions of the country threatened by party recklessness. 571
353 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Foster Aug. 13 Frontier relations unchanged: No effective steps taken by Mexico to check raids; action delayed; marauders unpunished; criminals rarely extradited: conceding the disposition, the ability of Mexico to maintain order upon the frontier is questioned: the United States compelled to protect its own frontier: American troops do not invade Mexico, they repel invasion from Mexico: I see Mr. Foster’s dispatch September 19.] 572
354 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts Oct. 15 Restrictions upon ownership of realty by foreigners: Especial limitations as to ownership in frontier States. 575
355 do Aug. 15 Relations with the United States chief topic of public discussion. 575
356 do Aug. 22 Arrest of Thomas Walsh, W. W. Camp, and Rafael Andrete, Americans, at Nueva Laredo, for refusal to perform military service: Protest of Commercial Agent Haynes; Mexico to investigate subject; correspondence in case. 576
357 do Sept. 3 The firing upon the flag of Consul Sutter at Acapulco, May, 1877: Regret expressed by Mexico; firing unintentional; by whose order unknown; officer commanding fort at time to be tried; correspondence in case. 580
358 do Sept. 7 Mexican treasury embarrassed: Officials unpaid; Supreme Court makes issue respecting payment of salaries: smuggling generally prevalent; honest commerce: endangered: army dissatisfied; several attempts at revolution; Jalapa revolt most serious; its suppression. 587
359 do Sept. 7 Mexican publications upon frontier relations: Expedition against Lipans to punish them for depredations upon Mexicans; Kickapoos protected by Mexico; report of Mr. Escalante, Mexican consul in Arizona, disproves charge that American Indians raid into Sonora; the United States will recapture refugee Indians if permitted by Mexico; Governor Mariscal favors “reciprocal crossing”; Kickapoos, as well as Lipans, raid from Chihuahua and Coahuila; [see dispatch October 7.] 592
360 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Foster Sept. 11 The murder of Walter Henry: Seizure of his merchandise; subject must be investigated by Mexico, and participants punished; Mr. Schuchardt’s reports. 603
361 do Sept. 14 Same subject: Further information as to murder and robbery of Henry; customs authorities thought to be implicated; the punishment of offenders to be taken as measure of Mexico’s ability to enforce law and protect life and property on frontier. 606
362 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts Sept. 19 Frontier question: Mr. Mata’s reply to Mr. Evarts instruction of August 13; the revocation of the Ord order condition precedent to agreement as to “reciprocal crossing”; extradition question discussed. 608
363 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Foster Sept. 20 Raids from direction of Ximenes under lead of Areola continue: The border kept in ceaseless turmoil; ample reparation must be secured. 612
364 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts 1877. Sept. 20 Case of Gustave Sommer, naturalized citizen: Application for matriculation based upon State Department passport, refused; Mexico holds that in cases of naturalized citizens, naturalization papers are the only evidence to citizenship receivable; Mr. Foster holds that State Department passport as evidence to citizenship, may not be impeached; applications for matriculation suspended until Question is decided. 613
365 do Sept. 23 Mexican troops to make campaign in Coahuila: Funds deposited to meet expenses; the Executive earnest in movement to suppress Indian depredations; civil-service officials unpaid for August. 621
366 do Oct. 4 Co-operation of alcalde of Las Vacas in recovery of stolen Texas cattle. 622
367 do Oct. 5 Raids of Areola: Unsettled condition of frontier called to attention of Mexico. (See instruction, September 20.) 622
368 do Oct. 7 Mexico informed that American Indians depredating will be punished, unless protected by Mexico: Mr. Escalante’s report communicated to Mexico; not yet published; rumored murders in Chihuahua probably work of protected refugee Indians. (See dispatch, September 7.) 623
369 do Oct. 8 Mexican debt held in United States: “Woodhouse bonds” repudiated; “Corlis-Carbajal” bonds recognized; total issue outstanding, $1,438,000; security, pledge of revenues; Mexico’s necessities compel use of fund for current expenses; private purchase of bonds by Mexico. (See dispatch, May 4.) 624
370 do Oct. 8 Foreign debt, $131,914,665: Created by issue of bonds, discounts, claims, overdue interest; English debt of 1823, netted, $11,800,000; present aggregate, $88,846,305; entire customs revenue pledged to pay interest; owing to current necessities, to revolution, and foreign wars, pledge violated. 630
371 do Oct. 9 The Zamacona commercial meeting in Chicago: Letter to Chicago manufacturers; trade relations discussed as to; means of communication; need of direct railway between City of Mexico and Rio Grande; hostility to idea of connection with American railway system; transportation companies to be Mexican; no payment of subsidy possible; no pledge of customs revenue of value; tariff almost prohibitory; state as well as national duties imposed; trade regulations imperfect; no bonded system; excessive contraband trade; unsettled condition of country; debt and finances. (See dispatches, May 4 and 29, August 3, September 7, October 8 and 15.) 636
372 do Oct. 14 Abolition of Zona Libre discussed: Its establishment by State government, although unconstitutional, approved by Congress as a measure of hostility to American commerce; action as to abolition postponed. 654
373 do Oct. 15 Relative peace prevails: Religious and political outbreak at Atzala, in State of Puebla; Catholics attack Protestants; 27 of latter killed; gloomy views of press as to future of Mexico; dictatorship discussed; alternative proposition, to extend term of President Diaz, and increase his power; contraband trade active; treasury receipts and disbursements; payment of salaries postponed; international exposition in 1879 proposed: Con press in session. 658
374 do Oct. 25 Contraband trade conducted through Gulf ports as well as across Zona Libre; treasury embarrassed; customs revenue falling off; officials unpaid; increased taxation; apprehensions of revolution. 660
375 do Oct. 28 No action taken respecting protest as to discriminating bounty granted by Yucatan on hemp exported to Europe. 661
376 do Oct. 29 The double standard: Gold driven out of circulation by silver; silver unlimited legal-tender; its decline in London unfavorable to Mexico; exchange 22 per cent, premium; removal of export duty on silver recommended. 663
377 Mr. de Cuella to Mr. Evarts Dec. 4 Protesting against the Shafter-Bullis expeditions as a violation of Mexican territory. 664
378 Mr. Seward to Mr. de Cuella. 1878. Jan. 3 Cases under extradition treaty to be decided in a candid spirit as they may arise: Right of appeal from local to national authorities recognized. 668
379 Mr. de Cuella to Mr. Evarts. Apr. 27 Cases of Mieto and Bativerrez; arrested in Mexico under extradition treaty, through aid of local magistrate; conveyed secretly into Texas by Sheriff Cabe. 668
380 do May 3 Calling attention to revolutionary movements on frontier under Escobedo 674
381 Mr. de Zamacona to Mr. Evarts. May 6 Presentation to the President 675
382 Mr. Evarts to Mr. de Zamacona. May 8 Cases of Mieto and Bativerrez: Attention of governor of Texas to be called to cases. 675
383 Mr. de Zamacona to Mr. Evarts. June 8 Revolutionary movements on frontier: Asking orders to troops to prevent crossing into Mexico. 675
384 Mr. Seward to Mr. de Zamacona. July 22 Same subject: Those engaged to be prosecuted; convictions difficult: evidence insufficient. 678
385 Mr. de Zamacona to Mr. Evarts. July 31 Same subject: Report of Mexican consul at San Antonio as to revolutionary movements. 679
386 Mr. Evarts to Mr. de Zamacona. Oct. 30 Same subject: Efforts of military officers to aid Mexican authorities; report of Captain Sellers 682


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
387 Mr. Mathews to Mr. Evarts 1878. June 14 Famine in Morocco: No rain in southern provinces; cattle dying by thousands; rice and flour imported; prices have advanced 300 per cent.; great suffering in cities apprehended. 684
388 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Mathews July 2 The Jews in Morocco: Friendly offices to be extended to them. 685
389 Mr. Mathews to Mr. Evarts July 5 Further account of famine: Great suffering; pricelist of provisions. 686
390 do July 5 Observance of the 4th July 687
391 do Aug. 7 Enlargement of cemetery: Requesting allowance of $155 as our share of expense. 688
392 do Aug. 24 Cholera in Fez and Mequinez: Report of Dr. Martinez: filthy condition of those cities. 689
393 do Sept. 20 Protection extended to Jews of Arzila 691
394 do Sept. 30 Further account of the famine and cholera: Death-rate increasing; foreign assistance; apathy of government; superstition of people; filthy condition of cities. 692


[Page XLI]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
395 Mr. Birney to Mr. Evarts. 1877. Oct. 11 Proceedings of the “International Workingmen’s Association,” and the “Socialist Congress,” at Verviers and Ghent: Their platform, the abolition of private ownership of property, and of existing forms of society, and the union of the people into federations of laborers; their object to be attained through a series of revolutions; its difficulty of accomplishment recognized; alliances to be made with all associations or parties hostile to existing systems; the workingmen’s party of the United States in association and correspondence with the socialist party of Europe, with same plan of action, and same ultimate aim. 694
396 do 1878. Mar. 1 The law of wills, and of the custody and distribution of estates: The law of 1852, under which estates are settled, provides for escheatal of estates in hands of commissioners after five years from date of publication of second six months’ notice of estate: numerous American claimants without exact data as to the estates which they claim. 696
397 do Apr. 6 Invitation to monetary conference given 700
398 do May 2 Invitation accepted 700
399 Mr. Birney to Mr. Evarts June 25 General Grant visits The Hague: Official and private reception; a review of troops held in his honor. 701
400 do Oct. 1 Opening of States General: Speech from the throne; royal marriages announced. 702
401 Mr. de Pestel to Mr. Evarts Feb. 27 The application of the Moorsom system of admeasurement of vessels different in the two countries: Plan of agreement by which certificates of either nation may be received in the other, presented; agreement may be extended to Dutch colonies. 703
402 Mr. Evarts to Mr. de Pestel Mar. 28 No reason seen for change in American practice of admeasurement: Customs officers are directed to deduct from gross tonnage under foreign admeasurement, places and closed spaces exempt from tonnage tax by our law; foreign vessels practically on same basis as America vessels as to tonnage tax, under Treasury circular of November 27, 1876. 706
403 Mr. Burlage to Mr. Evarts. July 31 Same subject: Decree exempting American vessels from readmeasurement in Netherlands ports. 707
404 Mr. Seward to Mr. Burlage Aug. 12 Same subject: Similar exemption accorded their vessels in our ports. 708


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
405 Dr. Aceval to Mr. Evarts. 1878. Mar. 27 Submitting papers in boundary question with Argentine Republic, to the President. 709
406 Mr. Evarts to Dr. Aceval Mar. 29 Acknowledging receipt of above 710
407 do Nov. 13 Same subject: The award of the President in favor of Paraguay. 711
408 Dr. Aceval to Mr. Evarts. Nov. 15 Acknowledging receipt of the award 711


[Page XLII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
409 Mr. Gibbs to Mr. Evarts 1877. Aug. 27 Peruvian finances: Treasury notes substituted for the “Meiggs notes” issued in aid of public works; decree of the government. 712
410 do Sept. 10 The Chinese in Peru: Their position; report of Peruvian consul at San Francisco respecting anti-Chinese riots, and emigration of Chinese thence to Peru; Chinese representative needed. 716
411 do Oct. 24 Requirement of Peruvian law that ships’ registers shall be deposited in the office of “captain of the port.” 718
412 do Oct. 26 Quiet election; strong opposition to government party. 720
413 do 1878. Feb. 11 Mr. Stuart authorized to open dispatches: Peru to send mission to China; suggestion to send students to learn Chinese appreciated. 720
414 do Feb. 11 Movement to induce Chinese emigration from California to Peru: Press comments; advertisement of Peruvian consul at San Francisco. 721
415 do Apr. 11 Attempt of Olyphant & Co. to establish a line of emigrant steamers between China and Peru; first steamer arrives without emigrants; governor of Hong-Kong interferes with enterprise. 723
416 do Apr. 26 Trade report: bulk of trade with Great Britain: articles of export, guano, sugar, nitrate of soda, wool; of imports, cotton and woolen goods, machinery, crockery, boots and shoes, lumber: American shipping increasing; freights against the United States; no direct communication. 724
417 do June 28 Interview with President respecting extension of trade: Peru desires a trade convention granting free entry into our ports of Peruvian sugar, in exchange for free entry of grain into Peru. 729
418 do June 26 Reconstitution of the cabinet 730
419 Mr. Gibbs to Mr. Evarts July 31 Election favorable to “civilist party:” Congress organized by that party; Ex-President Pardo, in exile, elected president of senate; nationalists manifest dissatisfaction; indications of disturbances. 731
420 do Aug. 7 Revolutionary movements at Arequipa: Colonel Suarez proclaimed provisional president. 732
421 do Aug. 14 Same subject: Quiet restored. 733
422 do Aug. 20 Chinese emigration from Hong-Kong restricted; hostility of governor; failure of Olyphant emigrant line; treatment of Chinese in Peru. 733


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page
423 Mr. Moran to Mr. Evarts 1877. Dec. 11 Regret expressed by the Marquis d’Avila at General Grant’s determination not to visit Portugal. 736
424 do Dec. 22 New site for naval cemetery at St. Vincent, Cape Verde, determent upon. 737
425 do 1878. Jan. 3 The Cortes opened by the King: Finances unsatisfactory; the creation of an artificial harbor near Oporto discussed. 739
426 do Feb. 1 Change of ministry: Señor Foutes appointed president of the council. 742
427 do Feb. 5 The completion of the work of measuring the difference of longitude between Lisbon and Madeira reported by Captain Green. 743
428 do May 6 Adjournment of the Cortes: Its proceedings without interest to foreign nations; financial condition unsatisfactory; deficiency about $3,000,000; country measurably prosperous; railway project. 744
429 do Oct. 16 Election for delegates conducted with order; majority for the government. 745
430 do Nov. 5 General Grant’s visit to Portugal: His reception by the King; every official courtesy extended; cordiality of the people. 745


[Page XLIII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
431 Mr. Boker to Mr. Evarts 1877. Oct. 12 Discriminating duty in favor of tools and wines imported by land: Protest of American merchants. 747
432 do Oct. 25 The Journal of St. Petersburg upon Russian finances: The national credit to be maintained. 749
433 Mr. Seward to Mr. Boker Oct. 31 The discrimination in favor of importations by land equivalent to a bounty, and consequently to a tax upon American importations, which must be by sea, and to that extent is an infraction of the treaty of 1832; this view to be presented to Russian Government. 751
434 Mr. Boker to Mr. Evarts Nov. 22 Same subject: Above instruction complied with 752
435 do Dec. 20 The budget for 1876 more favorable than anticipated 753
436 do Dec. 24 Enthusiastic reception of the Emperor upon his return to St. Petersburg from the army. 754
437 Mr. Stoughton to Mr. Evarts 1878. Mar. 29 Russia holds that she may classify her import trade, imposing one rate of duty upon that by land, and another rate upon that by sea: Position untenable in respect of clause of treaty insuring equality of treatment to American imports, because so long as this classification exists equality is impossible. 755
438 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Evarts Apr. 9 Invitation to monetary conference given 757
439 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Stoughton Apr. 19 Position of United States as to interpretation of treaty of 1832 reaffirmed. 758
440 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Evarts Apr. 29 Trial of Vera Zasulitch for attempt upon the life of General Trepoff, chief of police: The crime confessed; the verdict of the jury, “not guilty;” the trial held to be of the police system; the verdict, its public condemnation; motive of the crime, to attract the attention of the Emperor to the system. 758
441 Mr. Hoffman to Mr. Evarts May 23 The Eastern question: Probable meeting of congress; no similar vessel to the Cambria sailed; the Shah of Persia in Russia. 760
442 do May 29 The visit of the Shah: Military review held in his honor: fine appearance of the troops. 760
443 do June 3 Invitation to monetary conference accepted 761
444 do June 3 Same subject: (Dispatch) 761
445 do June 4 Reply to note as to discriminating duties: Amendment of regulations declined; the position of Russia not thought to conflict with treaty of 1832. 762
446 do June 6 Torpedo regulation Odessa 760
447 Mr. Stoughton to Mr. Evarts Aug. 8 Mr. de Thoerner appointed delegate to monetary conference. 763


[Page XLIV]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
448 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts 1877. Nov. 8 Acceptance by Spain of Moorsom system of admeasurement of vessels; Spanish certificates, issued since 1876, expressed in terms of gross and net tonnage. 764
449 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell Nov. 12 Excessive tonnage-tax imposed upon American vessels trading with Cuba through readmeasurement; excessive consular charges upon clearance papers; no similar charges made in American ports or by American consuls; report of Consul-General Hall. 765
450 do Nov. 12 Acceptance by Spain of agreement to receive reciprocally each others certificates of admeasurement, desirable; effect of readmeasurement in Cuba upon American commerce, shown in preceding instruction; temporary agreement as to Cuba established. 768
451 do Nov. 13 Cases of the Ellen Rizpah, Rising Sun, and Edward Lee, American whaling-ships, fired upon by Spanish cruisers in the Caribbean Sea; reparation for the offense, and precautions for the future, to be requested. 769
452 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts Dec. 13 The approaching marriage of the King to the Princess Mercedes announced. 773
453 Mr. Seward to Mr. Lowell Dec. 17 If Spanish certificates of admeasurement under Moorsom system express tonnage capacity of all parts of ships, they win be accepted by customs officers; only such parts as may be exempted by Spanish law, but not by our law, will be admeasured in our ports. 774
454 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts Dec. 27 Cases of the Ellen Rizpah, Rising Sun, and Edward Lee called to attention of tile Spanish Government. 775
455 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell 1878 Jan. 22 The President’s message in relation to Spanish affairs; appreciation of prompt payment of awards. 777
456 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts Feb. 1 Spain allows $10,000 damages in cases of the Ellen Rizpah and Rising Sun; similar outrages to be guarded against in future. 777
457 do Feb. 6 The marriage of the King: Reflections suggested by the ceremonial. 780
458 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell. Feb. 25 Damages allowed in cases of the Ellen Rizpah and Rising Sun accented. 784
459 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts April 2 Debate in the Cortes upon the pacification of Cuba; resistance practically at an end. 784
460 Mr. Reed to Mr. Evarts April 18 The payment of the indemnity in the Rising Sun and Ellen Rizpah cases to be made by Señor Mantilla. 786
461 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell April 26 Explaining difference of detail in admeasurement of vessels in the two countries, and asking if a uniformity of practice cannot be established. 787
462 Mr. Reed to Mr. Evarts April 27 The strength, of the army in Spain fixed at 100,000 men; Cuban army to consist of such force as may be necessary. 788
463 do June 9 Pacification of Cuba: Official proceedings; General Campos appointed captain-general; General Jouvellar to be made secretary of war. 789
464 do June 11 Sentence of suspension against certain journals withdrawn. 791
465 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell June 28 The death of the Queen: The sympathy of the President to be expressed to the King. 791
466 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts July 3 Same subject: Sincere sorrow felt and expressed by all classes; multitudes before the palace; the influence of the Queen already great and beneficent; the President’s instruction complied with. 792
467 do July 25 Tariff policy, of Spain to induce special treaties: Tariff changes for 1878–’79; direct shipments from Spanish colonies to Spain to determine-character of voyage, notwithstanding stoppage of vessel at American port to complete cargo. 794
468 do Aug. 6 The phylloxera makes its appearance: Great danger to wine interest: precautions taken. 798
469 do Aug. 30 Spanish papers sent to the United States stopped by customs officers: Inquiry as to such action. 798
470 do Sept. 25 Favorable effect upon Spanish shipping of abolition of differential dues in aid of national ships; increase of tonnage. 779
471 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell. Sept. 12 Americans in Cuba excluded from exemption accorded German subjects as to payment of arrears of taxes; collection ordered; tax obnoxious as a war tax; colleagues to be consulted; remonstrance to be made as to injustice of unequal treatment of citizens of friendly powers. 800
472 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts. Oct. 29 The King’s life attempted: His gallant conduct; assassin arrested; avows himself a socialist and internationalist; disappearance of his weapon thought to indicate accomplices; the congratulations of the President communicated. 801
473 do Oct. 29 General Grant received by the King at Vitoria; attends a review of Spanish troops; reception at Madrid; Portuguese minister arranges for his visit to Portugal; is prevented by such action from taking formal leave of the, Knur. 803
474 Mr. Mantilla to Mr. Evarts. 1877. Oct. 19 Protesting against advance in tonnage dues on Spanish vessels from 30 cents to 80 cents per ton, and claiming exemption from advance on ground of present enjoyment by American vessels in Spanish ports of equality with Spanish vessels. 804
475 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Mantilla. Oct. 26 Reply: Upon receipt of assurances that no discriminating tonnage dues are levied upon American vessels in Spanish ports, the President will direct remission of tax complained of. 806
476 do Nov. 2 Same subject: Treasury circular remitting 50 cent extra tonnage dues. 807
477 Mr. Mantilla to Mr. Evarts. Dec. 28 The approaching marriage of the King to the Princess Mercedes announced. 808
478 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Mantilla. 1878. Jan. 12 Reply: Congratulations of the President 808
479 Mr. Mantilla to Mr. Evarts Mar. 23 Pacification of Cuba nearly completed: Conditions, pardon to those surrendering; representation in National Cortes; reconstruction of local administration upon model of municipal and provincial system of Spain; unification of laws with those of. Spain; freedom of slaves in ranks of insurgents; release of embargoed estates: leaders of rebellion chiefly foreigners. 809
480 do June 7 Pacification completed; insurgent chiefs accept terms of peace. 815
481 do June 14 Case of bark Los Amigos: Requesting revision of Treasury circular as to repayment of 50 cent extra tonnage dues, to include all cases in which payment was made, whether under protest or not. 815
482 do June 26 The death of the Queen of Spain announced 817
483 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Mantilla June 26 Reply: American minister at Madrid instructed to express to the King the President’s profound sympathy. 818
484 do July 9 Case of Los Amigos: Treasury willing to refund extra tonnage tax. 818
485 Mr. Mantilla to Mr. Evarts July 12 Reply of the King to the President’s expressions of sympathy. 819
486 Count Brunetti to Mr. Evarts Oct. 26 The King’s life attempted: The assassin an international socialist. 819
[Page XLV]


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
487 Mr. Andrews to Mr. Evarts 1877. Aug. 22 Relative rates of wages of ordinary seamen in two countries: $15 to $18 per month in United States; $10 per month in Sweden. Rations quite the same: cost, about 32 cents per day. 820
488 Mr. Stevens to Mr. Evarts Apr. 12 Review of naval recruits: Exercises conducted by the King; recruits drawn from maritime provinces; serve one year, undergoing naval instruction, then pass into naval reserve for twenty years; reserve, 6,000 men. 822
489 do July 29 General Grant received by the King at Christi-ania; visits Stockholm; is waited upon by deputation of artisans; vast throngs before his hotel; earnest and respectful enthusiasm manifested. 823
490 do Aug. 31 Second meeting international prison congress: Large attendance of delegates; executive committee hereafter to consist of members appointed by governments; subjects discussed, prisons and penitentiaries; reformatory and preventive institutions; penal legislation; next meeting to be held at Rome in 1884. 824


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
491 Mr. Fish to Mr. Evarts 1878. Feb. 23 Celebration of Washington’s birthday: Participation of President of Switzerland; hope expressed that American representative may not be withdrawn. 828
492 do Mar. 7 Financial condition unsatisfactory: Deficiencies anticipated; national credit to be maintained; debt not excessive; military expenses increased; new taxes to be levied; higher tariff duties, especially on tobacco, to be imposed. 829
493 do Apr. 6 Invitation to monetary conference given: International rule respecting bills of exchange suggested for discussion at conference. 834
494 do Apr. 9 Switzerland will send delegate to conference, but advocates single standard. 836
495 do Apr. 18 Invitation to conference accepted 837
496 do July 11 Latin union will probably act together in conference 838
497 do Sept. 25 General Grant received with distinguished honor at Zurich; enthusiasm of the people. 839
498 do Sept. 30 Emigration statistics: 31,345 emigrants to America between 1868 and 1876. 841
499 do Oct. 21 Military exemption tax: Americans liable; right of expatriation not recognized; propriety of negotiating for its recognition suggested. 841
500 do Oct. 21 A quiet election anticipated; no question of general interest enters into canvass; but few changes in delegations probable; the Swiss electoral system. 845



[Page XLVI] [Page XLVII]
No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
501 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Evarts 1877. Oct. 31 Military situation more favorable to Russia: The Sultan confers upon Osman and Moukhtar Pashas the title Ghazi (conqueror); success the only criterion; feast of Beiram observed with less spirit than usual. 487
502 do Nov. 30 Fall of Kars; retreat of Moukhtar Pasha upon Erzeroum; Russians close in about Plevna; affairs at Shipka Pass, and upon the Lom, unchanged; weather moderate; great saffering in Bulgaria; corps of Christians to be incorporated with Turkish army; coast blockaded from Spizza to Dulcigno. 849
503 do Dec. 17 Speech of the Sultan upon opening Parliament: Reforms promised; equality of subjects reaffirmed; Christians to be incorporated in the army; council of state to submit projects of laws: financial and military affairs. 852
504 do 1878. Feb. 15 British fleet off the Bosphorus: Russians threaten to enter Constantinople; no resistance possible; excitement in the city; extraordinary council of ministers. 853
505 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Evarts. Feb. 28 Summary of terms of armistice; demands of Russia; negotiations progressing at San Stefano. 855
506 do Mar. 6 Treaty of San Stefano signed March 3. 859
507 do Mar. 6 Same subject: Historical sketch of San Stefano; a European congress proposed. 859
508 do Mar. 7 General Grant visits Constantinople; is received by the Sultan, and the great officers of State; press comments. 861
509 do Mar. 13 Passport and police regulations 864
510 do Apr. 3 Treaty of San Stefano: Stipulations, articles 1 and 2, boundaries and independence of Montenegro; article 3, of Servia; article 5, of Roumania; article 6, constitution of autonomous province of Bulgaria, and article 7, election of prince, assembly of notables, organization of administration, Russian supervision; article 8, Turkey to evacuate, and Russia to occupy, Bulgaria; article 9, railways to pass to Bulgaria; article 10, right to move’ regular troops across, reserved to Turkey; articles 12 and 13, Danubian fortresses to be razed, wai-vessels excluded, navigation to be restored; article 14, reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina; article 15, reforms in Crete; articles 16, 17, 18, reforms in Armenia; article 19, retrocession of Bessarabia; articles 19 and 20, indemnity, 1,400,000,000 rubles—deductions, territory ceded—valued at 1,100,000,000 rubles, balance 310,000,000 rubles, payable by Turkey; articles 4 and 21, rights of property, and of withdrawal from ceded territory, reserved; article 22, monks of Mt. Athos; articles 23 and 24, free navigation of Bosphorus to merchant-ships in peace or war; Black Sea exempt from blockade; articles 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, amnesty to those engaged in war, exchange of prisoners, withdrawal of Russian army, ratifications. (See Mr. Maynard’s dispatch September 28.) 865
511 do Apr. 29 Russian and Turkish armies still confront each other; Russian officers visit Constantinople; British influence rapidly increasing. Lord Salisbury’s circular of April 1, objects to retrocession of Bessarabia, to pecuniary impositions upon Turkey, to preponderating influence of Russia in Bulgaria, and to constitution of that province; and declares that no treaty affecting European interests may be definitely concluded without the assent of the powers, parties to the treaties of 1856 and 1871; and requires the submission of the treaty of San Stefano to a European congress for revision. Prince Gortschakoff’s dispatch of April 9, claims complete liberty of action for Russia as a consequence of rights acquired by conquest; contends that the conditions under which the treaty of Paris was negotiated no longer exist, “that existing treaties have been successively infringed for twenty-two years;” and declares that each power in any congress considering the treaty of San Stefano will “have full liberty of appreciation and action.” 872
512 do May 9 Visit to Salonica, Mount Athos, and Mytilene; question as to size of consular suite at Mytilene; importance attached to retinue in the East. 880
513 do May 21 The restoration of Ex-Sultan Murad V attempted 882
514 do May 29 Change of ministry; rapid succession in office; office of prime minister abolished; that of Grand Vizier restored. 884
515 do June 5 Change of ministry; Safvet Pasha appointed Grand Vizier. 885
516 do June 16 The convention of Constantinople; England to join the Sultan in defending Asiatic Turkey by force of arms if necessary; the Sultan to introduce reforms therein; and to assign to England the occupation and administration of Cyprus. 886
517 do Aug. 30 Cessation of military movements; occupation of Cyprus by Great Britain; entry of Austrian troops into Bosnia; Turkish fortresses surrendered; Greece dissatisfied; rectification of frontiers in Thessaly and Epirus recommended by treaty of Berlin; Turkish note upon claims of Greece. 890
518 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Evarts. Sept. 28 Turkey still agitated: Insurrections in Asiatic and European provinces; account of affairs in Armenia by Mr. R. M. Cole: death of Mehemet Ali and suite: disturbances upon Creek frontier. Text of the treaty of Berlin—stipulations: Articles 1 to 12, inclusive, boundaries and constitution of Bulgaria; election of prince; commission of notables; religious freedom; Russian commissioner to administer; existing treaties in force; no transit dues to be levied; to assume part of debt; tribute, and railway relations to be determined; Turkish troops to be withdrawn: Articles 13 to 22, inclusive, boundaries and constitution of East Rumelia; Porte to appoint governor; administrative autonomy; Turkey may fortify frontiers; regular troops admitted; religious freedom: Article 23, reforms in Crete; Article 24, mediation as to Greece: Article 25, Austrian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Articles 26 to 33, inclusive, boundaries and independence of Montenegro; freedom of religion, and rights of property, insured; Austria to protect merchant flag; not to have ships or flag of war; to assume part of Turkish debt: Articles 34 to 42, inclusive, boundaries and independence of Servia; existing treaties to remain in force; religious freedom, and rights of property, insured; no transit dues to be levied; to assume part of Turkish debt: Articles 43 to 51, inclusive, boundaries and independence of Roumania; religious freedom, and rights of property, insured; Bessarabia surrendered to Russia, the Dobroutcha to Roumania; no transit dues to be levied; fishery rights to be determined by commission; full treaty-making power granted; obligations of Turkey to be assumed: Articles 52 to 57, inclusive, navigation of Danube below the Iron Grates free; fortresses to be razed; no war ships allowed upon; European commission maintained: Articles 58 to 61, boundaries and cessions in Asia: Article 62, Turkey concedes religious freedom: Article 63, treaties of 1856 and 1871 in force where not inconsistent with treaty of Berlin: Article 64, ratifications. 894
519 do Oct. 21 Bulgaria as affected by the war, and the treaties of San Stefano and Berlin. 913


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
520 Mr. Farnam to Mr. Evarts 1878. Feb. 13 The coal trade of Egypt: Imports from England; 300,000 tons at Alexandria; 250,000 tons at Port Said. 914
521 do Feb. 12 General Grant received with royal honors in Egypt; is the guest of the Khedive. 915
522 do Apr. 5 Extension of jurisdiction of international tribunal to include cases affecting members of the parquet: exterritorial rights enjoyed to fullest extent; criminal cases before consular courts; note of Cherif Pasha. 916
523 do Apr. 10 Decree modifying code of procedure 920
524 do June 8 Slavery exists as a domestic institution: Slave trade carried on secretly; manumission of three slaves from Central Africa secured; are received into mission school by Dr. Hogg. 920
525 do July 3 American officers in Egyptian service, except General Stone and one other, discharged. 922
526 do July 10 Extension of jurisdiction of mixed tribunals to civil and commercial cases in which parties are natives, discussed. 923
527 do July 15 Indemnification of Colonels Dye and Colston for injuries received in Egyptian service. 923
528 Mr. Comanos to Mr. Evarts. Aug. 8 Seeds of the Bamiah cotton plant sent to department. 924
529 do Aug. 18 Speech of the Khedive accepting report of the Rivers Wilson commission of inquiry: Reforms promised; Nubar Pasha appointed president of the council; probable appointment of Mr. Rivers Wilson to the ministry of finance. 924
530 Mr. Comanos to Mr. Evarts. Sept. 3 New ministry constituted: letter of the Khedive; majority vote in council to determine questions; jurisdiction of mixed tribunals to be extended to all subjects; abolition of exterritoriality to be attempted. 926


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
531 Mr. Heap to Mr. Hunter 1878 Jan. 25 Visit of the Gettysburg to various Tunisian ports: Consul and officers everywhere received with distinction. 929
532 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Hear Feb. 28 The president gratified at the reception met with 921
533 Mr. Heap to Mr. Hunter Aug. 2 Increased tonnage-tax proposed to meet lighthouse expenses. 931
534 do Aug. 13 Same subject: Consular recommendations respecting increase of tonnage-tax. 932
535 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Fish Oct. — Same subject: Increase of tax confirmed, if concurred in by other powers. 933


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
536 Mr. Caldwell to Mr. Evarts 1877. Nov. 15 Revolutionary movements: Ex-Minister Machain killed; quiet restored. 934


No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
537 Mr. Baker to Mr. Evarts 1878. June 5 The town of Cuá destroyed by earthquake; consternation at Caracas. 934
538 do July 25 Observance of the Fourth of July: Public expressions of respect for the United States. 938
539 do Aug. 14 The coffee crop of Venezuela and Brazil a partial failure. 939
540 do Aug. 16 The country suffering from commercial depression; a revival dependent upon a good coffee crop. 940
541 do Sept. 11 Superior order and civilization of Brazil recognized by press of Caracas; Brazil contrasted with other South American countries. 941
542 do Sept. 13 Commercial depression: Short coffee crop; excessive contraband trade; uneasy political feeling. 943
543 do Oct. 24 Constitutional convention convoked for December 10. 944
544 do Oct. 29 Notable rainfall December 3: Extract from report Society of Natural Sciences of Caracas. 947
545 do Oct. 30 The national festival in commemoration of Bolivar. 948