No. 307.
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Evarts .

No. 682.]

Sir: On the 30th instant, upon invitation, I visited, with my several colleagues, the Uyeno Park, to witness the closing ceremonies of the National Industrial Exhibition of Japan. The Emperor and Empress, with the imperial household and His Majesty’s ministers, were present. His Majesty opened the ceremony by an address, in which he declared his approval of the management of the exhibition and the conduct of the officials. His excellency Mr. Okubo, minister of the interior, and his excellency Mr. Kumamoto, governor of Tokei, each addressed His Majesty.

I have the honor to inclose translations of the addresses of His Majesty and of the officials on the occasion, as published in the Japan Daily Herald of this date.

The exhibition has been highly successful, and has been visited by several hundred thousand persons.

I have, &c.,

[Inclosure in No. 682.

The closing of the National Exhibition at Uyeno.

At about 2 p.m. yesterday the princes of the imperial blood, the Daijin, Sangi, foreign representatives, and others, altogether nearly a hundred persons, had assembled to await the arrival of the Emperor and the Empress. Their Majesties left the imperial palace at 3 p.m., and arrived at the exhibition grounds at 4.15. The Emperor was led to his seat by the Daijo Daijin, the minister of the home department and the master of ceremonies; the Empress by the Udaijin. The Emperor, being seated, addressed the following words to the minister of the home department:

“The term for the national industrial exhibition having now come to an end, we, in person, perform the closing ceremony. We have been gratified by the manner in which the exhibition has been managed, by the zeal of every one of you and of all the departments.”

The minister of the home department replied as follows:

“Your Majesty’s servant, Toshimichi, most respectfully states that, the exhibition having been open its allotted time, their Majesties are now present to perform the ceremony of closing it and grace it by their presence, which overwhelms us with admiration and awe. Ten years have how elapsed since the restoration, and this exhibition was opened in order to stimulate the industry of the people, for the prosperity of a country depends upon the industry of its inhabitants. Your servant Toshimichi has been intrusted with the ministry of the interior and is in that capacity responsible for the government of the people. I hope that all will be loyal to your Majesty in return for your Majesty’s merciful and sacred sway.”

Next Kumamoto Masataka, chiji of the tokio fu, spoke in the name of the governors of the fu and ken:

“To-day, the 30th day of the 11th month of the 10th year of Meiji, the national industrial exhibition is closed by his Majesty the Emperor in person, and your servant Masataka is happy at being present on this occasion. His Majesty’s care for industry becoming known throughout the whole country, porcelain wares were forwarded in such variety and quantity that they could not all find room within the six buildings; visitors from every place in the country thronged the exhibition grounds, every industry has displayed its skill, and the whole nation has understood the great utility of machinery. Articles of every possible variety have indeed been collected in this exhibition. Your servants are well aware that his sacred Majesty’s benevolence will expand more and more, and they also know that it will not be long before another exhibition is opened. [Page 485] We wait for the time when exhibitions will be opened in all of our districts. Your servant Masataka, and others most respectfully offer our congratulations.”

The buildings were then closed, and their Majesties went to the tokio fu building, where they took a rest while the military bands of music performed on their instruments. After their Majesties had witnessed a display of fireworks on the island in Shinobadzu Pond, with which they were highly pleased, they left the exhibition grounds at 6.30 p.m. During the afternoon the neighboring streets were crowded with people, and in the evening the houses were illuminated with red lanterns.