740.0011 EW/1–2645

The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Uruguay (Dawson)

No. 2346

Sir: I refer to the Department’s secret instruction no. 2326 of January 11, concerning the importance of Uruguay’s formalizing its status by becoming a member of the United Nations. This matter is taking on added importance and, in order to present the need for early action and make his own stand clear and unequivocal, the President has considered it best to address personal letters in the premises to the Presidents of the six American republics concerned.

The letter addressed to the President of Uruguay is enclosed13 and you are requested to deliver it immediately to President Amézaga. A copy is likewise attached for your secret information. Similar presentations are being made at Caracas, Quito, Lima, Santiago and Asunción.

I wish to underline the fact that the highest importance is attached to Uruguay’s taking this step at the earliest possible date. I am confident that you will present the matter urgently and at the same time in its proper perspective.

We have suggested to you the alternative of a declaration of war against either Germany or Japan or both. This was in order to make the action as easy as possible for each of the Republics. We feel, however, that we should call to your attention the much greater dignity which would be attained if Uruguay, which does not front on the Pacific, should include Germany rather than limiting its declaration to Japan. We make this suggestion, not in order to put you in a position where you must reverse any action previously taken but simply for background thinking in case the matter should come up for discussion after your receipt of this.

Please submit a telegraphic report as soon as possible.

Very truly yours,

Joseph C. Grew
  1. The same mutatis mutandis, as the letter addressed to the President of Chile, printed on p. 758.