Attitude of the United States toward the question of the entry of Turkey into the war
[The attitude of the United States toward the question of the entry of Turkey into the war, along with that of the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, was the subject of discussion at the following conferences held during 1943 between heads of government: The Casablanca Conference (President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill, January 14–January 24); the Second Washington Conference (President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, May 12–May 25); the First Quebec Conference (President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, August 17–August 24); the Tehran Conference (President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Soviet Premier J. V. Stalin, November 28–December 1),; and the Second Cairo Conference (President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Turkish President Ismet Inönü, December 4–December 6). For documentation relating to this subject at the Cairo and Tehran Conferences, see Foreign Relations, The Conferences at Cairo and Tehran, 1943, index entries under Turkey: Participation in the war. Documentation relating to the other conferences is scheduled for publication in subsequent volumes of Foreign Relations.
For correspondence relating to an exchange of messages between President Roosevelt and Turkish President Inönü, regarding the conference between Prime Minister Churchill and President Inönü at Adana, Turkey, January 30 and 31, immediately after the Casablanca Conference, see pages 1058 ff. Correspondence relating to an exchange of views between the Department of State and the British Embassy, in June and July, regarding a clarification of decisions taken at the Casablanca Conference regarding the respective roles of the United States and British Governments in relations with Turkey will be found on pages 1064 ff.
The question of the attitude of the three Powers toward Turkish entry into the war also figured prominently at the Tripartite Conference of Foreign Ministers at Moscow, October 18–November 1; for correspondence regarding this Conference, see volume I, pages 513 ff., and for discussion of Turkish entry into the war, see ibid. , index entries under Tripartite Conference of Foreign Ministers: Turkey.]