The Consul General at Seoul ( Bergholz ) to the Acting Secretary of State
[Received March 6.]
Sir: Referring to despatches Nos. 325 and 329, dated January 10 and 17, 1919, respectively, from Mr. Consul Curtice,61 relative to the reported agitation of certain Koreans in the United States, having in view the reestablishment of the independence of Korea, and quoting the statement of Dr. Ramakichi Nakajima, professor at the Imperial University at Tokyo, appearing in the Japan Advertiser of January 7, 1919, that “there can be little doubt that American missionaries are behind the independence movement of of the Koreans I now have the honor to inform the Department that on the 24th instant I addressed a communication to the Secretaries of the several Mission Stations in Chosen, a copy of which is an enclosure, to which were attached, for their guidance and that of the members of the Stations, copies of a circular letter, sent in 1897, at the instance of the Department, by the Minister Resident and Consul General at Seoul to all Americans in Korea, enjoining upon them the necessity of scrupulously abstaining from participating in the domestic affairs of the country.
Although I fully believe our missionaries in Chosen are not in sympathy with the movement referred to, I nevertheless deemed it prudent, rather for the benefit of the younger than the older missionaries, to bring to their notice the views of the Department, so clearly expressed in its instruction to Minister Sill, as to the necessity of their holding themselves wholly aloof from all political questions.
The death of the ex-Emperor, the last independent ruler of Korea, has made a profound impression among the people, and has revived a strong feeling of loyalty toward the Royal House.
A copy of this despatch has been forwarded to the Embassy at Tokyo.
I have [etc.]
- Neither printed.↩