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List of Papers

[Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

CUBA

Political Affairs

assistance of major general enoch h. crowder, u.s. army, in revision of the electoral laws—agitation of cuban liberals for supervision of elections by the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 15 To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to convey to President U. S. opinion regarding importance of immediate revision of electoral laws and public assurances of free elections; also to elicit requests for U.S. supervision of elections.
1
Jan. 18 (912) From the Chargé in Cuba
Note presented to Foreign Office (text printed), based on instructions of Jan. 15; improbability of President’s agreeing to U.S. supervision of elections.
2
Jan. 23 (918) From the Minister in Cuba
Reply of Foreign Office (text printed) assuring presidential efforts toward electoral reform and rejecting U.S. supervision of elections.
3
Jan. 24 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Request for report on interview with President and instructions to obtain public assurances as to elections and electoral reforms.
6
Jan. 25 (54) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Report that President’s reply is en route to Washington; President’s insistence on electoral reform.
6
Feb. 3 (60) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Motion of Liberal Party convention favoring U.S. supervision of elections if warranted.
7
Feb. 6 (754) To the Minister in Cuba
Chargé Bingham’s submission of substance of instructions of Jan. 15 to Foreign Office instead of seeking interview with President as instructed.
7
Feb. 12 (67) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Proposed public statement by President on electoral reforms (text printed), indicating General Crowder would be invited to assist.
8
Feb. 12 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to stress need for public assurances from President and to press Government for fulfillment of promised electoral reforms.
9
[Page XII]Feb. 13 (68) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
President’s invitation to General Crowder to assist in electoral reforms.
9
Feb. 15 (69) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Publication of statement quoted in telegram of Feb. 12; desire of President for early arrival of General Crowder.
9
Mar. 3 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Acceptance of invitation to General Crowder to assist in electoral reforms.
10
Mar. 24 (775) To the Minister in Cuba
Request for confirmation of statement attributed to President indicating attitude toward General Crowder’s mission.
10
Apr. 1 From General Enoch H. Crowder
Preliminary report on electoral situation.
11
Apr. 3 From General Enoch H. Crowder
Conference with President respecting new elections in Santa Clara Province.
13
Apr. 15 (985) From the Minister in Cuba
President’s attitude toward General Crowder’s mission.
15
Apr. 16 (989) From the Minister in Cuba
Extract from President’s message to Congress (text printed) showing attitude toward General Crowder.
16
Apr. 23 From General Enoch H. Crowder
Further conferences with President regarding electoral reforms and possibility of new census.
17
Apr. 26 From General Enoch H. Crowder
First meetings with Joint Committee of Congress for securing electoral reforms.
19
Apr. 29 From General Enoch H. Crowder
Subsequent meetings with Joint Committee considering electoral reforms.
20
May 8 From General Enoch H. Crowder
Further report on electoral reforms agreed upon in meetings with Joint Committee and President; probable effect on coming political conventions of proposed provision requiring nominations by newly constituted conventions held in same calendar year as elections.
22
May 11 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Request for instructions to insist on enactment of proposed provision mentioned in General Crowder’s letter of May 8.
24
May 13 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Authorization to insist on enactment of law containing proposed provision.
26
May 16 (27) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Conservative candidate’s advocacy of postponement of presidential nominations and party convention pending enactment of electoral reforms.
26
[Page XIII]July 1 From the Minister in Cuba
Legation’s Quarterly Report No. 2 (text printed) summarizing political situation and setting forth progress and evaluation of General Crowder’s work.
26
Aug. 8 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
General Crowder’s departure from Cuba, following enactment of all electoral reforms endorsed by him.
29
Aug. 30 From General Enoch H. Crowder
Final report on mission to Cuba.
29
Oct. 23 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to impress on Government importance of adequate safeguards in steps prior to electoral period and to secure invitation for General Crowder to supervise elections.
77
Nov. 7 (1103) From the Minister in Cuba
President’s objections to U.S. supervision of elections; similar attitude of U.S. Minister.
79
Nov. 25 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Separation of the Zayistas from the Liberal Party.
82
Dec. 1 (892) To the Minister in Cuba
Instructions to present note to President (text printed) expressing pleasure at assurances that new election law will be enforced and that General Crowder’s presence will not be needed.
82
Dec. 4 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Suggestion that statement be made by Department regarding supervision of elections in order to offset press agitation.
83
Dec. 8 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Request for outline of desired statement.
83
Dec. 10 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Inquiry concerning accuracy of Habana press despatch reporting statement by Minister that the United States will not supervise elections.
83
Dec. 11 (1129) From the Minister in Cuba
Press statement (text printed) denying U.S. intention of supervising elections.
84

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

Diplomatic Representation

appointment of an american minister to czechoslovakia, april 23, 1919, and of a czechoslovak chargé d’affaires

Date and number Subject Page
Apr. 15 (1627) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Lansing to Crane: Offer of appointment as Minister to Czechoslovakia.
85
Apr. 18 (1630) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Crane to Lansing: Acceptance of appointment.
85
[Page XIV]1919 Apr. 23 (1701) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace) (tel.)
Arrangements for establishing Crane as Minister to Czechoslovakia.
85
Undated [Rec’d June 4] (2402) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Crane: Presentation of letter of credence; request for instructions regarding formal presentation of credentials in view of questions of precedence involved.
86
June 6 To the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
No objection by Department to formal presentation of credentials.
86
June 15 (1) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Arrival in Prague and formal presentation of credentials; remarks by President and Minister (texts printed).
87
Oct. 22 (42) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Appointment of Jan Masaryk, son of President, as Chargé d’Affaires at Washington pending arrival of Minister.
92
Oct. 24 From the Czechoslovak Minister of Foreign Affairs
Masaryk’s credentials.
92
Dec. 3 To the Czechoslovak Appointed Chargé
Acknowledgment of receipt of credentials.
93

DANZIG

Appointment of an American Commissioner, October 6, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
Oct. 6 To Consul William Dawson
Designation as American Commissioner at Danzig.
94
Nov. 29 (1) From the Commissioner at Danzig
Report of arrival at Danzig and of situation there.
94
1920 Jan. 2 (12) From the Commissioner at Danzig
Communications sent to Minister in Poland (text printed) regarding application for exequatur after coming into force of treaty of peace.
95
Mar. 29 (145) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Instructions for Dawson to apply to High Commissioner, Danzig, for recognition as consul, pending conclusion of treaty giving Poland power to grant exequaturs.
97
[Page XV]

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Political and Economic Affairs

informal discussions of policy with former provisional president henriquez y carvajal–reports of the military governor–establishment of an advisory council of Dominicans

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 23 (439) From the Consul at Santo Domingo, Temporarily in Charge of the Legation in the Dominican Republic
Activities and arguments of former Provisional President Henriquez y Carvajal for restoration of Dominican independence.
98
Apr. 17 (590–19 S–McG) The Military Governor of Santo Domingo to the Secretary of the Navy
Report on activities of Military Government for quarter ending Mar. 31.
99
Apr. 24 To the Consul at Santo Domingo, Temporarily in Charge of the Legation in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Inquiry regarding extent of banditry in Dominican Republic.
106
Apr. 25 From the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Memorandum on background of situation in Dominican Republic and its right to restoration of independence, together with covering letter from Henriquez y Carvajal (texts printed); account of his activities in Paris.
106
May 1 From the Consul at Santo Domingo, Temporarily in Charge of the Legation in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Improved situation as regards banditry; detailed account of attacks.
118
June 3 (458) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Renewed bandit activities in the east; suggestion for more efficient Guardia Nacional.
118
June 20 (295) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Instructions to discuss informally subject of Guardia Nacional with Military Government and report.
119
Aug. 8 (491) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Military Governor’s decision to improve efficiency of Guardia Nacional through reorganization.
120
Aug. 27 From the Acting Secretary of the Navy
Denouncement by Military Governor of agitation for immediate reestablishment of civil government.
120
Aug. 28 (1830–19 S–McG) The Military Governor of Santo Domingo to the Secretary of the Navy
Report on activities of Military Government for quarter ending June 30.
121
Sept. 5 From Doctor Henriquez y Carvajal
Memorandum suggesting method of reorganization of Dominican Government.
128
Sept. 6 To the Secretary of the Navy
Message of assurance for Military Governor asserting that efforts of Henriquez y Carvajal have not changed U.S. policy regarding Dominican Republic.
130
Sept. 8 Department Memorandum
Account of interview with Henriquez y Carvajal at which his memorandum of Sept. 5 was presented and amplified.
130
[Page XVI]Sept. 13 Department Memorandum
Account of interview with Henriquez y Carvajal disclosing U.S. views of his memorandum and suggesting that he go to Santo Domingo to take up matter with Military Governor.
131
Sept. 13 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to inquire whether Military Government has any objections to return of Henriquez y Carvajal to Dominican Republic.
133
Sept. 15 From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
No objections to return of Henriquez y Carvajal.
133
Sept. 18 From Doctor Henriquez y Carvajal
Refusal to confer with Military Governor; further representations concerning reorganization of Dominican Government.
134
Sept. 27 (318) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Memoranda of Henriquez y Carvajal; request for comments thereon.
135
Oct. 10 (511) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Statement published by Military Government (text printed) denying change in U.S. policy and defining attitude toward Henriquez y Carvajal.
136
Oct. 27 From Doctor Henriquez y Carvajal
Protest against military occupation of Dominican Republic and demand for restoration of national government.
137
Oct. 29 From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Appointment of advisory board of Dominicans to assist in administration; reservation of place on board for Henriquez y Carvajal.
138
Oct. 30 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Henriquez y Carvajal’s decision not to go to Dominican Republic immediately; inquiry regarding advisory board.
139
Nov. 1 (2369–19S–McG) The Military Governor of Santo Domingo to the Chief of Naval Operations
Organization and personnel of Advisory Council of native Dominicans.
139
Nov. 7 (2369–19 (2)S–FF) The Military Governor of Santo Domingo to the Chief of Naval Operations
First meeting of Advisory Council.
140
Dec. 5 (530) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Military Governor’s memorandum (text printed) replying in detail to Henriquez y Carvajal’s suggestions, and Minister’s concurrence in memorandum; praise of work of Advisory Council.
141
Dec. 10 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to obtain certain information regarding existing Government and to return to Washington for consultation.
145
[Page XVII]

Financial Affairs

refusal of the department of state to consider the customs receivership as extended by the 1918 bond issue—provision of additional funds for amortization of the bonds—transfer of control of internal revenues from the receivership to the military government

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 28 The Acting Military Governor of Santo Domingo to the Secretary of the Navy (tel.)
Request for confirmation of Military Government’s interpretation that U.S. consent for issue of 1918 bonds extends duration of customs receivership.
145
1919 Jan. 15 To the Consul at Santo Domingo, Temporarily in Charge of the Legation in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Refusal to confirm Military Government’s interpretation; suggestion that Dominican Government promise bankers to urge U.S. extension of receivership.
146
Jan. 25 From the Secretary of the Navy
Military Governor’s despatch (text printed) stating Department’s letter of July 19, 1918, considered as approval of issuance of Executive order and bonds, and requesting authority to publish letter.
146
Feb. 12 To the Secretary of the Navy
Statement of Department’s attitude toward Dominican bond issue and authority to print letter in manner showing such attitude.
147
Mar. 22 (438) From the Consul at Santo Domingo, Temporarily in Charge of the Legation in the Dominican Republic
Executive Order No. 272, Mar. 13, 1919, of the Military Government (text printed) providing additional funds for amortization of 1918 bonds.
148
May 2 From the Acting Secretary of the Navy
Letter from Military Governor (text printed) requesting revocation of instructions of June 16, 1916, vesting collection of internal revenue in hands of customs receivership, and requesting transfer of collection to Military Government.
151
June 14 (294) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Refusal to transfer to Military Government the collection of internal revenues.
154
July 16 From the Secretary of War
Reiteration of right of supervision and control of receivership by Bureau of Insular Affairs, request for more regular assignment of duties to receivership, and request for information regarding floating debt.
155
Aug. 6 To the Secretary of War
Measures taken to regularize assignment of duties to receivership, and to obtain information requested.
157
Aug. 25 From the Acting Secretary of the Navy
Request for approval of financial supervision by Military Government, not as innovation as understood by Department, but as fait accompli dating from beginning of occupation.
158
[Page XVIII]1919 Oct. 23 To the Secretary of War
Department’s suggestion that receivership withdraw from control of internal revenue.
(Sent also to Secretary of the Navy.)
159
Oct. 28 From the Secretary of War
Withdrawal of receivership from control of internal revenue.
160

Tariff Revision

transfer to the customs collection of surcharges formerly collected as internal revenue–appointment of a tariff commission with instructions to draft reduced rates—publication of the revised tariff

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. 8 From the Secretary of the Navy
Military Governor’s telegram (text printed) seeking transference to customs collections of certain customs surcharges collected as internal revenue.
161
Apr. 2 To the Secretary of the Navy
Approval of proposed transference if provisions of treaty of 1907 are observed.
162
May 27 (288) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Request for information and comments on proposed revision in tariff rates.
163
July 6 (477) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Executive Order No. 280, Apr. 7, 1919, of Military Government (text printed) creating tariff commission.
163
Aug. 8 (492) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Military Governor’s final instructions to tariff commission (text printed).
165
Sept. 30 To the Secretary of the Navy
Concurrence in proposed modification of import duties of Dominican Republic in view of estimated returns.
169
Oct. 25 (515) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
New Dominican tariff, effective Jan. 1, 1920, and Final Report and Recommendations of Tariff Commission.
170
[Page XIX]

ECUADOR

Affairs of the Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co.

representations of the united states regarding payment of interest on bonds; assurances and efforts of the ecuadoran government—acceptance by the railway company of a reduction of rates—“modus vivendi” between the government and the railway, reached april 6–ecuadoran proposal for arbitration of differences; disapproval by the American minister—representations of the united states against foreclosure proceedings by british bondholders

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 9 (1) From the Ecuadoran Minister
Ecuador’s promise to adhere to agreement to pay sum of $859,740 to bondholders.
171
Jan. 10 (44) To the Ecuadoran Minister
Inquiry as to whether or not entire sum of $859,740 has been paid.
172
Jan. 11 (344) From the Chargé in Ecuador
Financial difficulties of railway and proposed appointment of committee to investigate them.
172
Jan. 15 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s statement regarding remittances on bonded indebtedness, plans for refinancing, and proposed appointment of committee of investigation.
175
Jan. 22 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Inability of Government to establish committee of investigation; agreement between Government and railway to restore former tariff rates.
176
Jan. 27 To the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Inquiries regarding remittances on bonded indebtedness and Foreign Minister’s plans for refinancing.
176
Feb. 3 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Information that remittances on bonded indebtedness amount to £80,000.
177
Feb. 5 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s suggestion to issue new bonds covering total amount of interest due, security unmentioned.
177
Feb. 5 (3) From the Ecuadoran Minister
Information that final remittance of interest due for year 1918 on railway bonds has been made.
178
Feb. 6 To the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Inquiry as to part of $859,740 paid by Ecuador, and as to whether £80,000 was part remittance solely for this purpose.
178
Mar. 11 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Failure of Ecuador to supply desired information regarding payment of bonded indebtedness; suggestion for conference with Ecuadoran Minister on subject.
179
Mar. 27 To the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Ecuadoran Minister’s explanation of his country’s failure to pay interest in full on railway bonds; request for information as to Ecuador’s ability to pay balance due.
179
[Page XX]Mar. 29 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Advice against pressing Ecuador for further payment at present time.
180
Apr. 2 To the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to inquire whether daily deposits are still being paid and if not, reason for discontinuance.
180
Apr. 7 From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Reason for discontinuance of daily deposits; amicable settlement by committee of difficulties between railway and Government.
180
Apr. 12 (370) From the Chargé in Ecuador
Press report of modus vivendi reached between railway and Government at sessions of committee (text printed).
181
May 7 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Foreign bondholders’ request that pressure be brought to bear upon Ecuador for resumption of daily deposits.
185
May 9 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Ecuadoran remittance of £10,500 for service on bonds.
185
May 28 (45) To the Ecuadoran Minister
Recapitulation of communications regarding failure of Ecuador to make payment of $859,740 interest on bonds as promised and request for assurances of July payment of interest.
185
May 28 To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Recapitulation, for transmittal to Foreign Office, of communications regarding failure of Ecuador to make payment of $859,740 interest on bonds as promised and instructions to obtain assurances of July payment of interest; instructions not to press for resumption of daily deposits.
187
May 31 (5) From the Ecuadoran Minister
Explanation that payment of $859,740 was promised by mistake, and assurances that July payment will be made if possible.
189
June 6 (386) From the Minister in Ecuador
Presentation to Foreign Office of note based on Department’s telegram of May 28 and publication of editorial foreshadowing unfavorable reply.
190
July 3 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Foreign Office explanation that payment of $859,740 was promised by mistake, and assurances that all efforts will be exerted to meet future payments; Minister’s belief in sincerity of assurances.
191
July 9 (400) From the Minister in Ecuador
Efforts of Ecuador to complete payment of July coupon; disapproval of further pressure in view of improved relations.
192
July 14 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Further payments by Ecuador.
193
July 17 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Additional remittances.
193
[Page XXI]Aug. 9 (5790) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to make representations against foreclosure proceedings by British bondholders of Guayaquil and Quito Railway.
194
Aug. 26 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Advisory Commission’s proposal for arbitration of differences between Ecuadoran Government and railway, and Minister’s disapproval thereof.
194
Aug. 27 (423) From the Minister in Ecuador
Reasons for recommending that railway company refuse to accept arbitration.
195
Sept. 16 (3051) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British reply to representations (text printed), indicating bondholders’ decision not to foreclose at present in view of improvements promised.
196
Oct. 4 (225) To the Minister in Ecuador
Instructions to endeavor to secure assurances of definite action by Ecuador in fulfillment of its cumulative obligations.
196
Oct. 6 From the Vice President of the Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co.
Directors’ resolutions of Sept. 8 (text printed) requesting reorganization of Ecuadoran finances in order to meet payments on bonded indebtedness.
198
Dec. 13 (479) From the Minister in Ecuador
Report of transmittal of note to Foreign Office based on instructions of Oct. 4 and promise to transmit reply when received.
199
Dec. 27 To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Inquiry regarding status of relations between Government and railway; instructions to request prompt reply to Legation’s note based on instructions of Oct. 4.
199
Dec. 30 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Statement of harmonious relations between Government and railway; delivery to Foreign Office of request for prompt reply to Legation’s note.
200

EGYPT

Recognition by the United States of the British Protectorate

Date and number Subject Page
1917 Nov. 2 To the Agent and Consul General at Cairo before leaving for his post
Instructions for procedure in assuming duties and securing recognition.
201
1918 Feb. 18 (5) From the Agent and Consul General at Cairo
Account of formal reception by British High Commissioner and by the Sultan.
201
[Page XXII]1919 Apr. 21 (1722) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram sent by Lansing to Agency at Cairo (text printed) stating U.S. recognition with reservations of British protectorate over Egypt and instructing Agent to announce same.
202
Apr. 26 (457) From the Agent and Consul General at Cairo
Account of formal notification of U.S. recognition of British protectorate over Egypt.
203
Aug. 30 (567) From the Agent and Consul General at Cairo (tel.)
High Commissioner’s letter (text printed) asking denial of enclosed Zaghloul telegrams (texts printed) which announce alleged U.S. acknowledgment of Egyptian independence; request for instructions.
204
Sept. 4 To the Agent and Consul General at Cairo (tel.)
Instructions to deny alleged U.S. acknowledgment that Egypt is considered independent.
205
Nov. 24 (655) From the Agent and Consul General at Cairo
Quieting influence produced by official denial of accuracy of Zaghloul telegrams.
206
Nov. 29 From Senator Owen
Request for confirmation of interpretation that U.S. recognition of British protectorate over Egypt transferred none of Egypt’s sovereignty or independence.
207
Dec. 16 To Senator Owen
Statement of effect of U.S. qualified recognition of British protectorate over Egypt.
209
Dec. 22 To the Agent and Consul General at Cairo (tel.)
Instructions to report if distorted press statement appears declaring that the United States is unfavorably disposed to British protectorate over Egypt.
209

FINLAND

Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations

recognition of independence and of the “de facto” government by the united states, may 7, 1919—appointment of an american commissioner with rank of minister, may 24—reception of the minister of the “de facto” government of finland by the acting secretary of state, provisionally, may 27; by the president, august 21—unqualified recognition of the government of finland, january 12, 1920—appointment of an american chargé d’affaire’s, march 12, 1920

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. 15 (3631) From the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Finnish Foreign Minister’s statement that England and France are willing to recognize Finland and inquiry regarding attitude of other Allies.
210
Feb. 19 (792) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Inquiry whether Commission will reply direct to Stockholm regarding recognition of Finland.
210
[Page XXIII]1919 Feb. 22 (868) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Telegram sent to Legation, Stockholm (text printed), stating recognition of Finland is under consideration.
210
Mar. 1 (988) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Inclination of Commission to join with British and French in provisional recognition of Finland if elections show its government to have people’s mandate.
211
Mar. 4 (950) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Concurrence of Department with Commission’s attitude toward provisional recognition of Finland.
211
Mar. 4 To the Consul at Helsingfors (tel.)
Instructions to report result of elections and how far results indicate mandate of people.
212
Mar. 11 (196) From the Consul at Helsingfors (tel.)
Report on elections and political situation.
212
Mar. 20 To the Consul at Helsingfors (tel.)
Authorization to notify Finnish authorities informally that U.S. recognition may be given de facto government following elections.
213
Apr. 12 (1558) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Proposal that U.S. and British recognition of Finland be made simultaneously when new constitution is determined.
213
May 5 (1992) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Agreement of Council of Ministers for U.S. and British recognition of independence of Finland and of de facto government; proposed U.S. statement on subject.
214
May 6 (264) From the Consul at Helsingfors (tel.)
Notice of British recognition of independence of Finland and of de facto government.
215
May 6 (1880) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Date set for announcement of U.S. recognition of Finland and of de facto government.
215
May 7 To the Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs
Announcement of U.S. recognition of independence of Finland and its de facto government.
215
May 7 (2031) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Information that consul at Helsingfors has been instructed to notify Finland of U.S. recognition of independence and of de facto government.
216
May 13 (1956) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Suggestion of appointment to Finland of Commissioner with rank of Minister Plenipotentiary pending establishment of diplomatic mission.
216
May 14 From the Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs
Expression of appreciation of U.S. recognition of independence of Finland and de facto government.
217
[Page XXIV]May 19 From the Finnish Delegate
Letter of credence (text printed) indicating appointment as Delegate of Finland to the United States.
218
May 21 (2189) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Temporary appointment of Haynes, consul at Helsingfors, as Commissioner to Finland with rank of Minister Plenipotentiary.
218
May 24 (2084) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Haynes: Notification of temporary appointment as Commissioner to Finland with rank of Minister Plenipotentiary.
219
May 27 To the Finnish Provisional Minister
Department’s recognition of provisional Minister of de facto government of Finland, pending formal recognition upon return of the President from France.
219
Aug. 9 Department Memorandum
Request of Finnish Minister for recognition of Finland as a government de jure.
220
Aug. 21 From the Secretary of President Wilson
Finnish Minister’s letter of credence and remarks on occasion of his reception by the President, and the President’s reply (texts printed).
220
Aug. 23 To the Finnish Minister
Transmittal of copy of the President’s reply to Minister’s remarks on occasion of Minister’s reception.
223
Dec. 6 (6247) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain views of Government regarding full recognition of Finland.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris and Rome.)
223
Dec. 8 (3504) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Great Britain’s recognition of Government of Finland as de jure.
223
Dec. 20 (1321) From the Finnish Minister
Brief political history of Finland, presented in proof of its claim to have Government recognized as de jure.
224
1920 Jan. 12 To the Finnish Minister
U.S. unqualified recognition of the Government of Finland.
226
Jan. 12 (3) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Appointment of Magruder as Chargé d’Affaires pro tempore at Helsingfors pending appointment and arrival of Minister.
227
Mar. 12 (35) To the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
For Magruder: Instructions to proceed to Helsingfors as Chargé d’Affaires pro tempore.
227
[Page XXV]

FRANCE

Agreement with the United States Modifying the Provisions of Article VII of the Convention of Navigation and Commerce of June 24, 1822

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 9 From the French Chargé
Proposed termination, after 6 months’ notice, of Convention of Navigation and Commerce of June 24, 1822, with option of extension for periods of 3 months, until new instrument is put into effect.
228
Mar. 25 To the French Chargé
U.S. acceptance of denouncement of treaty; legal objections to extension of treaty for 3-month periods, as modifying terms of treaty.
229
Apr. 29 To the French Chargé
Suggested conclusion of treaty modifying treaty of 1822 so that latter may be terminated upon 3-months’ notice.
230
June 19 From the French Chargé
French acquiescence in Department’s proposal for treaty modifying treaty of 1822.
231
July 17 (650) Agreement between the United States and France
Text of agreement modifying provisions of article VII of Convention of Navigation and Commerce of 1822.
232

GERMANY

Reopening of Trade, July 14, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
June 24 (2404) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Inquiry regarding steps to be taken for resumption of official and commercial relations with enemy countries after peace is signed.
234
July 2 (2932) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Necessity for delay in establishing consular and diplomatic relations until after ratification of treaty.
234
July 3 (2499) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Arguments in favor of resumption of official and commercial relations with Germany prior to ratification of peace treaty.
235
July 9 (3037) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Reasons for delaying resumption of official and commercial relations with Germany until after ratification of peace treaty; suggestion of licensing system as temporary expedient.
236
July 11 (2546) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: U.S. removal of restrictions on trade with Germany, with exception of certain articles; the President’s surprise at continuance of restrictions contemplated by Allied Powers.
238
July 14 (802) Notice Issued by the War Trade Board Section of the Department of State
Announcement of licenses permitting resumption of trade with Germany with certain specific limitations and exceptions.
239
[Page XXVI]1919 July 15 [16?] (3166) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Dulles: Inquiry as to character of U.S. proposed restrictions on German trade as compared with control measures of Great Britain and France.
239
July 25 (2632) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Dulles: Distinction that U.S. restrictions are for purely domestic considerations while those of other countries affect Germany’s general freedom of trade.
240

Appointment of an American Commissioner, November 4, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
Oct. 1 (4472) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Polk to Phillips: Desirability of appointing a commissioner to Berlin.
241
Oct. 3 (3337) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Phillips to Polk: Concurrence in views regarding commissioner to Berlin.
243
Oct. 8 (3374) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: U.S. and British agreement to open diplomatic intercourse at Berlin through chargés; suggestion of Dresel for U.S. post.
243
Nov. 4 (3662) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Assignment of Consuls Wood, Sauer, and Stewart to Coblenz for protection of American trade interests and for supplying information to business men and Department.
243
Nov. 5 (3676) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Appointment of Dresel as Commissioner at Berlin and instructions as to duties.
244
Nov. 29 (5487) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Postponement of Dresel’s departure for Berlin until agreement has been reached with Germany.
245
Dec. 13 To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Wood: Assignment to Dresel’s mission and orders to proceed to Munich; further instructions for Stewart and Sauer.
245
Dec. 15 (9343) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Importance of Dresel’s proceeding to Berlin immediately upon German signature of protocol.
245
1920 Jan. 2 (8) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Polk to Dresel: Propriety of proceeding to Berlin as soon as ratifications are deposited and protocol signed.
246
Jan. 13 (123) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Departure of Dresel and party for Berlin.
246
[Page XXVII]

GREAT BRITAIN

Visit of the Prince of Wales to the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1919 May 26 (2130) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Telegram sent to Lansing in Paris (text printed) suggesting that the Prince of Wales be invited to visit the United States after his visit to Canada.
247
June 30 (5591) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Information that invitation has been extended through British Chargé to the Prince of Wales to visit the United States.
247
July 3 (2456) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Presentation in the name of the President of formal invitation to the Prince of Wales to visit the United States; acceptance by the Prince of Wales.
247
July 24 (2612) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Correspondence (texts printed) and conversation with Lord Curzon regarding the visit of the Prince of Wales to the United States.
248
Aug. 30 (5907) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Approval of time designated for visit of Prince of Wales.
(Footnote records itinerary of his visit.)
249
Nov. 21 To the Prince of Wales (tel.)
Expression of pleasure and satisfaction on behalf of the Government at visit of the Prince of Wales.
249
Nov. 23 From the Prince of Wales (tel.)
Expression of appreciation of kindness and hospitality shown him on his visit.
250

Oil Concessions in Palestine and Mesopotamia

inspection by british military authorities of maps and documents of the standard oil co. at Jerusalem—refusal of the british government to permit work on concessions in occupied territories—representations by the american government on behalf of american interests

Date and number Subject Page
Mar. 15 From the Standard Oil Co. of New York
Request for U.S. action following reported examination by British military authorities of documents relating to company’s concessions in Palestine.
250
Mar. 18 (120) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to report to Foreign Office action of British military authorities and to request explanation.
252
May 21 (2043) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Fuel Administration’s request for information on possibilities for oil concessions in Mesopotamia and Palestine for U.S. oil interests other than Standard Oil.
252
June 5 (2429) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Reference to Captain Yale in Turkey for desired information regarding oil concessions in Mesopotamia and Palestine.
253
June 5 (843) From the Chargé in Great Britain
British reply (text printed) to U.S. inquiry regarding British inspection of Standard Oil documents in Jerusalem.
253
[Page XXVIII]1919 July 7 (283) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to inquire further regarding British examination of Standard Oil documents and to ascertain status of concessions granted by Ottoman Government.
254
Sept. 18 (3164) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Possibility of sending note to Great Britain concerning British refusal to permit prospecting, surveying, or operation of concessions by U.S. enterprise in Palestine; request for views.
255
Sept. 29 (4435) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Approval of proposed note; efforts to have restrictions removed on movements of U.S. geologists in Jerusalem.
256
Sept. 30 From the Consul at Jerusalem (tel.)
Extent of Standard Oil concessions in Palestine and alleged likelihood of British refusal of concessions.
256
Oct. 14 (3236) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Telegram sent to American Commission, Paris (text printed), on British attitude toward geologists at Jerusalem and in general toward all development of concessions in Palestine.
257
Oct. 24 (6120) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to make representations regarding interference with legitimate activities of U.S. citizens in Palestine as being contrary to mandatory power.
258
Oct. 25 (6124) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to emphasize U.S. stand on mandate principle in view of British refusal to permit resumption of Standard Oil operations in Palestine.
259
Oct. 30 (6138) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Claim for U.S. citizens of privileges in Mesopotamia and Palestine equal to those of British or other nationals.
259
Nov. 22 (3432) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Further statement of British policy in regard to prohibiting new undertakings or new operation of concessions during military occupation.
260
Dec. 24 (1872) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
British note (text printed) further explaining examination of Standard Oil documents and indicating status of concessions granted by Ottoman Government.
261
[Page XXIX]

GUATEMALA

Political Affairs

development of opposition to president estrada Cabrera criticism of the administration by bishop piñol; his arrest, may 16, 1919—representations of the united states in behalf of freedom of speech—release of bishop piñol, august 20—organization of an opposition “unionist party”

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Apr. 7 (754) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Summary of political situation; indication of opposition to Estrada Government by Bishop Piñol and embryo political party.
263
May 5 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Bishop Piñol’s public denouncement of tyranny in Guatemala.
264
May 12 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Effect of Bishop Piñol’s continued denunciations of Government.
264
May 17 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Popular appeal to Legation on behalf of Bishop Piñol following his arrest; request for instructions.
265
May 21 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Authorization to present U.S. views to Government regarding freedom of speech.
266
May 24 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President Estrada’s assurance that Bishop Piñol will be given trial and that no drastic measures will be taken.
266
Aug. 21 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Release of Bishop Piñol.
267
Sept. 11 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Departure of Bishop Piñol for the United States en route to Rome.
267
Sept. 20 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Growth of the opposition party; Piñol’s intention to enlist public sympathy in the United States.
267
Oct. 13 (870) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Organization of Progressive Party of Guatemala; appeal for U.S. protection in coming elections.
268
Dec. 31 (5) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Act of Organization of newly-formed Unionist Party (text printed).
269
[Page XXX]

Financial Affairs

proposals for loans to finance currency reform and for the establishment of a national bank—suggestion by the united states government of study by an expert—project for an issue of additional paper money; deferment on the advice of the united states—appointment of professor kemmerer to study the currency problem; his recommendations, september 6—support of his plan by the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Apr. 30 (506) From the Minister in Guatemala
Legislative Decree No. 974 of Apr. 12, 1918 (text printed) authorizing establishment of national bank and negotiations for foreign loan.
271
1919 Mar. 29 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s request of U.S. firm for loan to establish national bank; U.S. firm’s request for Department’s approval of negotiations.
272
Apr. 7 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Pledge of U.S. support of any legitimate enterprise of this character to which U.S. citizens are parties if beneficial to Guatemala.
272
Apr. 23 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) to President on desirability of currency reform following study of financial situation by expert; U.S. attitude toward rehabilitation of Guatemalan finances.
273
Apr. 23 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Passage of bill authorizing additional 60 million paper pesos.
274
May 3 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to President against signing bill in question.
274
May 4 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Signing of bill by President for additional currency issue; possibility of delay in its execution.
274
May 4 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
U.S. firm’s interest in loan conditional on favorable acquisition of electric company.
275
May 7 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s desire to secure expert on financial reforms and intention of issuing but 10 million pesos pending survey.
275
May 13 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Opposition of Guatemalan bankers to new issue of currency and foreign loan.
276
May 14 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Acceptance of U.S. offer to recommend expert for study of financial situation and to assist in effecting reforms suggested.
276
May 23 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Appointment of commission to establish national bank, indicating tendency toward foreign loan; curtailment of proposed currency issue.
277
[Page XXXI]June 5 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Recommendation of Prof. E. W. Kemmerer as currency expert.
277
June 11 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Acceptance of Kemmerer’s services for effecting currency reform; continued withholding of currency issue.
278
July 11 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Departure of Kemmerer for Guatemala.
278
July 30 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Arrival and reception of Kemmerer in Guatemala.
278
Sept. 6 Professor Edwin Walter Kemmerer to President Estrada Cabrera
Summary of conclusions of report on currency reform in Guatemala (text printed)
279
Oct. 25 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
U.S. approval of Kemmerer plan as reported; desirability of participation by American interests in proposed national bank.
283
Nov. 3 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Progress of translation of Kemmerer report; information that Department will be given permission to use report as it sees fit.
283
Nov. 25 Department Memorandum
Discussion in Department with Guatemalan delegation of proposed reorganization of Guatemalan monetary system based on Kemmerer report.
284
Dec. 9 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
U.S. desire to secure permission to have Kemmerer report made available for confidential use at Pan American Financial Conference.
286
Dec. 19 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s permission for Department to use Kemmerer report in any way it desires; completion of translation of report.
286

Treatment of Enemy Property

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 26 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Mission of Ames, W.T.B. special agent, and Morgan, of Alien Property Custodian office, to advise as to treatment of enemy property in Guatemala.
287
1919 Jan. 18 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
For Ames: Interest of U.S. firms in purchase of Empresa Electrica; inquiry as to steps to be taken.
287
Jan. 21 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
For Ely, W.T.B.: Information regarding proposed sale of electric company’s property.
288
[Page XXXII]Jan. 25 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Ames to Ely: Request for authority to agree to Government’s proposed retention of enemy funds in Guatemala as security for indemnities.
288
Jan. 31 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Ely to Ames: Approval of any enemy-property legislation which provides liquidation and safeguards proceeds.
289
Feb. 24 (18) From the Special Agent of the Department of State
Executive Decree No. 747 of Feb. 12, 1919, regarding enemy property (text printed), and other related documents; appointment of alien property custodian.
289
May 24 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Guatemala’s refusal to sell Empresa Electrica; application of U.S. company for lease.
293
May 31 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Lease of Empresa Electrica by U.S. company; improbability of sale of other enemy properties.
294
July 26 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Guatemala’s obligations, under provisions of peace treaty, in regard to enemy property; instructions to urge public sale of property.
295
Aug. 5 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Information regarding official lists of enemy property taken over by Guatemala and arrangements for sale thereof.
295
Sept. 22 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
U.S. desire that American capital participate in Guatemalan developments; instructions to request date of sale of German properties.
296
Oct. 1 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Guatemalan approval of peace treaty; probable private sale of German holdings despite U.S. representations; prospective private sale to U.S. interests.
297
Oct. 30 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Inquiries regarding sale of enemy property and suggestions for regulation thereof.
297
Oct. 30 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Continued delay in announcing date and conditions of sale of enemy property; suggestion of representations to prevent return of property to owners.
298
Nov. 3 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Information concerning conditions of sale of German properties; objection to regulations regarding sale of crops.
299
Nov. 11 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Further delay in announcing date of sales, thus allowing removal of crops from enemy property and opportunity for Germans to repurchase.
300
Nov. 17 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Department’s approval of private sales if bona fide American interests have opportunity to negotiate for enemy properties.
300
[Page XXXIII]Nov. 22 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to impress upon Guatemala importance of publishing date and conditions of sales at earliest possible moment.
300
Dec. 9 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Delay in selling enemy property until after harvest, allegedly as means of forestalling strike.
301
Dec. 26 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for definite reply from President regarding date for liquidation of enemy property.
301
1920 Jan. 28 (21) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Publication of acuerdo authorizing sale of enemy properties.
302

HAITI

Execution of the Treaty of September 16, 1915

arrangements for direct communication with the president of haiti and for periodic conferences of american treaty officials—supplementary agreements, august 24 and december 3, 1918, providing for American approval of legislation and disbursements request of the haitian government for the abolition of martial law and for the right to appoint and dismiss customs employees–complaints alleging arbitrary acts of american financial authorities—consideration of withdrawal of the forces of occupation—reports of increased banditry; dispatch of additional forces—note of october 10, 1919, in justification of the policies of the occupation

Date and number Subject Page
1918 May 29 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to present statement to President (text printed) proposing direct communication between President and Legation as means of avoiding future misunderstandings.
303
June 22 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to present note to President (text printed) requesting submission of all proposed legislation bearing on treaty objects for U. S. information and possible discussion.
304
June 26 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
President’s approval of U.S. suggestion regarding legislation and offer to draw up memorandum covering procedure to be followed.
304
July 3 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Form of memorandum to be agreed upon with Haitian Government (text printed) regarding procedure to be followed in legislation pertaining to treaty objects.
305
July 3 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Arrangement for coordination among treaty officials by means of weekly conferences.
305
July 13 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request that agreement with Haiti regarding legislation be effected by exchange of notes; further statement on scope of agreement.
307
[Page XXXIV]July 18 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Account of preparation of memorandum submitted in telegram of July 3, and inquiry whether Department wishes it replaced by exchange of notes.
307
July 31 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Preference of Department for exchange of notes rather than formal memorandum regarding legislation.
308
Aug. 24 The Haitian Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Minister
Note effecting a supplementary agreement with the United States for U.S. approval of legislation affecting treaty objects.
309
Sept. 24 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Inquiry whether all proposed legislation submitted to Legation should be forwarded to Washington for approval prior to enactment.
310
Sept. 26 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Procedure to be followed in passing upon proposed legislation submitted to Legation.
310
Nov. 30 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian Chargé’s note (text printed) making representations against tyranny of treaty officials in fiscal matters; request for views of Minister and treaty officials.
311
Dec. 4 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Repudiation of charges of tyranny as being personal attack by former Foreign Minister Borno; Foreign Office note (text printed) transferring control of disbursements to Financial Adviser.
312
1919 Feb. 5 (303) From the Minister in Haiti
Report of meeting of treaty officials and instructions sent by Haiti to its delegate at Peace Conference (text printed) to seek through President Wilson the abolition of martial law and right of Government to appoint and remove customs employees.
313
Feb. 14 From the Haitian Chargé
Memorandum (text printed) and appended documents setting forth, as requested by Department, certain grievances against the Financial Adviser and the occupation.
316
Mar. 20 (1193) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Department’s opposition to withdrawal of marines from Haiti on account of reported increase in banditry and request for additional U.S. forces.
328
Mar. 20 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Views of American Commission in Paris regarding desirability of discontinuing military occupation of Haiti; instructions to discuss subject with treaty officials and report opinions.
329
Apr. 5 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Opinion of treaty officials and Minister that U.S. forces cannot safely be withdrawn as yet.
330
[Page XXXV]Apr. 5 From the Haitian Minister
Enumeration of causes for discontent in Haiti, alleged to be due to acts of the occupation, and appeal for beginning of new era as promised.
331
Aug. 21 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Passage of certain laws by Haitian Legislature without approval of Legation and notification by Legation of their nonrecognition by the United States.
336
Oct. 10 To the Haitian Minister
Point by point discussion of causes for discontent in Haiti with justification of policies of the occupation.
336
Nov. 7 To the Haitian Minister
Decision in favor of Financial Adviser of question of control of Haitian finances; settlement of complaints against former Financial Adviser.
340

Agreement between the United States and Haiti, October 3, 1919, for the Establishment of a Claims Commission and for a Loan of $40,000,000

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. 24 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
From Ruan: Summary of Haitian financial situation since beginning of occupation.
340
Mar. 20 To the Minister in Haiti
Draft protocol between the United States and Haiti in pursuance of objects of treaty of 1915 to establish finances of Haiti on solid basis, with instructions to initiate negotiations.
342
Apr. 30 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Changes in protocol, suggested by President and concurred in by Financial Adviser and Minister.
342
June 7 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Acceptance of certain changes in protocol; suggestion that all claims against Haiti be adjusted on same basis and that new Claims Commission review findings of prior Commission.
343
Aug. 11 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Agreement as to protocol on condition of substitution of certain phrase; request for full powers and approval of phrase.
344
Aug. 20 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Approval of substituting desired phrase; request for copy of protocol prior to sending full powers.
344
Aug. 23 (339) From the Minister in Haiti
Draft of protocol; intention of exchanging notes to effect agreement that claims commissioner appointed by Haiti shall have U.S. approval.
345
Aug. 28 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Departure of Commander Gayler for Washington with protocol; correction of text.
345
[Page XXXVI]1919 Sept. 11 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Authorization to sign protocol for establishment of Claims Commission and to effect exchange of notes, pending arrival of full powers by mail.
346
Sept. 20 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Failure to receive full powers by mail or to sign protocol.
346
Sept. 23 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Adequacy of telegraphic instructions as authority for signing of protocol prior to arrival of full powers by mail.
346
Oct. 6 (352) From the Minister in Haiti
Protocol between the United States and Haiti signed Oct. 3, for establishment of a Claims Commission and for a loan of $40,000,000, and copies of notes exchanged providing that Haitian member of Commission shall meet with U.S. approval (texts printed).
347

Contract of “Retrait” between the Haitian Government and the National Bank, April 12, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Mar. 16 From the Financial Adviser of Haiti
Transmittal and exposition of proposed agreement between Government and National Bank of Haiti regarding currency reform.
352
Dec. 4 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
For Ruan: Necessity for written statement acknowledging Government indebtedness to Haitian Bank before latter can deal with National City Bank regarding currency reform and loan.
354
1919 Jan. 6 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From Ruan: Inquiry whether Haitian Bank will proceed with currency reform immediately after agreement with Government is reached.
355
Jan. 10 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
For Ruan: Willingness of bank officers in New York to conclude currency-reform agreement with Haitian Government in return for settlement of accounts, once approval of Paris directors is received.
355
Jan. 15 From the Vice President of the Banque Nationale de la République d’Haiti
Offer to begin printing gourdes as first step in currency reform as soon as Haitian Government signs enclosed agreement acknowledging indebtedness to bank.
355
Jan. 17 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Farnham to Scarpa: Form of agreement (text printed) acknowledging indebtedness to Haitian Bank to be submitted for signature of Haitian Government.
356
[Page XXXVII]1919 Jan. 30 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request for pressure on Paris directors of bank to authorize currency reform and alleviate financial distress caused by delay in approving agreement.
357
Feb. 6 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Agreement of Paris directors to receive Haitian note of indebtedness and print gourdes pending settlement of other questions connected with currency reform.
358
Feb. 14 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Finance Minister’s insistence that agreement acknowledging Government indebtedness be signed simultaneously with that of currency reform.
358
Feb. 27 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From McIlhenny: Advisability of Government’s signing indebtedness agreement without waiting for conclusion of currency-reform agreement which bank has obligated itself to sign.
359
Feb. 27 To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Necessity for Haitian signature of some form of agreement acknowledging indebtedness to bank and promising payment.
360
Mar. 1 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
For McIlhenny: Further refusal of Minister of Finance to sign either of documents separately.
361
Mar. 6 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Continued Government refusal to sign one document without other.
361
Nov. 13 (359) From the Minister in Haiti
Official press copies (texts printed) of (1) convention between the Government and National Bank of Haiti regulating monetary reform; (2) convention between same parties for settlement of amounts remaining due to bank, both conventions signed Apr. 12; and (3) additional article to first-named convention, signed Oct. 24, providing for further issuance of currency.
362

Agreement of the United States to a Special Bond Issue for Paving Done under a Contract of 1912

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. 1 (247) To the Minister in Haiti
U.S. consent to Haitian bond issue for replacement of previous issues unauthorized by the United States and for liquidation of indebtedness to paving company.
371
Nov. 8 (355) From the Minister in Haiti
Settlement of bond issue in accordance with Department’s instructions.
372
[Page XXXVIII]

HONDURAS

Political Affairs

arbitrary rule of president betrand; his assumption of dictatorial powers, july 17, 1919—revolutionary movement under lópez gutiérrez—representations of the united states in behalf of free elections; proposal of good offices, september 5—resignation of bertrand, september 9—exercise of power by the council of ministers assisted by the diplomatic and consular corps—admonitions of the united states against dictation by López gutiérrez—installation of bográn as provisional president, october 5—election of lópez gutiérrez; pronouncements of the united states recognizing his election and bográn’s tenure for the unexpired term

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Feb. 17 (137) From the Minister in Honduras
Account of President’s arbitrary rule and the development of strong opposition.
374
Mar. 15 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
U. S. desire for free elections and freedom of action for U. S. companies in employing counsel.
376
Mar. 18 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
President’s assurance of free elections and denial of coercion of U. S. companies.
376
Mar. 20 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Imprisonment of prominent members of the opposition.
377
May 12 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Arrival of U.S.S. Machias at Amapala, and request for vessel’s continued presence.
377
July 18 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
President’s assumption of dictatorship, accompanied by arrests and pillaging.
377
July 19 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Granting of asylum in Legation to General Medal and others; request for instructions.
378
July 19 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Blockading of U. S. Legation by Government forces; ineffective protest to President.
378
July 20 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Request for further particulars regarding assumption of dictatorship by President; instructions to make oral representations to President (substance printed) concerning U. S. desire for free elections.
379
July 22 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Beginning of revolutionary movement under López Gutiérrez.
380
July 23 [21?] From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
President’s refusal to consider oral representations regarding free elections.
381
July 25 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Removal of guards blockading Legation; discussion of practice of asylum.
381
[Page XXXIX]Aug. 11 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Nicaraguan refusal to permit Honduran troops to operate in Nicaragua against revolutionists near boundary.
382
Aug. 26 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
President’s refusal to consider immediate truce and promise to consult Minister concerning free elections if revolution is prolonged.
382
Aug. 29 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
U.S. refusal to view with indifference violation of Nicaraguan soil.
383
Sept. 5 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to present note to President (text printed) offering U.S. good offices for free elections and intimating U.S. intervention if offer is rejected.
383
Sept. 9 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Resignation and departure of Bertrand, leaving power to Council of Ministers; arrangement for truce with López Gutiérrez and other revolutionary leaders.
384
Sept. 9 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Release of political prisoners and conclusion of arrangements insuring public safety.
385
Sept. 10 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Recommendations for continuity of constitutional government with Bográn as Provisional President and convocation of presidential candidates to insure free elections.
385
Sept. 12 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Offer of Provisional Presidency to Bográn.
386
Sept. 15 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Acceptance of Provisional Presidency by Bográn.
387
Sept. 15 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Proposal of López Gutiérrez to establish military dictatorship pending arrival of Bográn.
387
Sept. 16 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Arrangement with Council of Ministers for entry into Tegucigalpa of López Gutiérrez and troops, and his guaranty of free elections.
388
Sept. 17 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Entrance of López Gutiérrez into Tegucigalpa with small force partly armed.
388
Sept. 20 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Telegram from López Gutiérrez (text printed) pledging free elections and maintenance of constitutional order; instructions to remind him of Department’s desire for adherence to constitutionalism.
388
Sept. 23 (318) From the Minister in Honduras
Foreign Minister’s note (text printed) accepting U.S. good offices in bringing about suspension of hostilities.
389
[Page XL]Oct. 2 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Arrival of Bográn in Tegucigalpa to assume Provisional Presidency.
391
Oct. 6 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Inauguration of Provisional President Bográn.
391
Oct. 24 From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Provisional President’s request for U.S. expression of approval of his administration.
391
Oct. 27 (506) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras
Report on political conditions in Honduras.
391
Oct. 29 To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
U.S. approval of acts of Bográn’s administration.
394
Oct. 30 From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Election of López Gutiérrez as President; inquiry as to right of Bográn to remain in office until term of President-elect begins.
394
Nov. 12 To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Approval of Bográn’s tenure of office for unexpired term.
394
Dec. 11 To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
U.S. public recognition of election of López Gutiérrez.
395

Amends Made for an Insult to the American Flag

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 9 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Reported insult to U.S. flag at Juticalpa; Foreign Office promise of investigation.
395
Dec. 16 (72) From the Minister in Honduras
Note sent to Foreign Office (text printed) after failure of Government to take action in flag incident, requesting punishment of guilty parties and expression of regret.
395
1919 Jan. 3 (285) To the Minister in Honduras
Approval of action taken in connection with flag incident; instructions to press for punishment of guilty parties.
397
Jan. 16 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to request immediate suitable amends in case no satisfactory reply yet received from Honduras in connection with flag incident.
398
Feb. 27 (156) From the Minister in Honduras
Foreign Office note (text printed) expressing regret and indicating punishment of guilty parties in flag incident.
398
[Page XLI]

Treatment of Enemy Property

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 13 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions in connection with mission of Ames to secure legislation for liquidation and sale of German interests in Honduras.
400
Mar. 13 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Ely to Ames: Instructions to proceed to Honduras to secure liquidation of German interests, arranging, if necessary, for purchase and operation by U.S. interests and for refunding of Honduran debt.
(Instructions to repeat to Tegucigalpa.)
400
Mar. 26 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Ames to Ely: Arrival in Honduras and designation of an associate; request for suggested improvements in proposal to be presented.
401
Apr. 7 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Ely to Ames: Recommendations regarding proposed law for liquidation of German interests in Honduras, as improvement over Guatemalan enactment.
401
May 26 (19) From the Special Agent of the Department of State
Report on legislation secured for liquidation of German interests in Honduras and appointment of enemy property custodian.
402
May 26 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Request for official list of enemy properties taken over, their present status, and statement of conditions of purchase.
405
June 26 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Information that no German property has been taken over pending decision by Supreme Court on constitutionality of alien property law.
405
July 17 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Inquiry regarding Supreme Court decision on alien property law, Government action on enemy-property section of peace treaty, and probable liquidation of German interests near Fonseca Bay.
405
July 29 To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Liability of Honduras in connection with enemy property in accordance with provisions of peace treaty.
406
Aug. 23 From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Supreme Court decision upholding enemy property law; President’s instructions to proceed with seizure of property.
406
Nov. 7 (516) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras
Account of securing Executive order applying alien property law; possibility of uncertain enforcement of the law.
407
[Page XLII]

HUNGARY

Reopening of Trade, September 2, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Sept. 2 (829) Notice Issued by the War Trade Board Section of the Department of State
Announcement of licenses authorizing resumption of trade with Hungary.
410

Appointment of an American Commissioner, December 4, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
Dec. 10 To the Commissioner at Vienna
Notice of appointment and instructions as to duties.
410

ITALY

Agreement between the United States and Italy Extending the Duration of the Arbitration Convention of March 28, 1908

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 18 From the Italian Embassy
Suggested renewal of arbitration convention of Mar. 28, 1908, for another 5-year period.
413
1919 Jan. 15 To the Italian Embassy
English text of agreement renewing arbitration convention for further period of 5 years from Jan. 22, 1919, and request for equivalent Italian text.
413
Mar. 20 Agreement between the United States and Italy
Text of agreement renewing arbitration convention of 1908 for further period of 5 years from Jan. 22, 1919.
413

JAPAN

Decision of the Japanese Government to Discontinue Issuing Passports for “Picture Brides” to Proceed to the United States

Date and number Subject Page
Nov. 19 Department Memorandum
Desirability of Japanese restriction of emigration of “picture brides” in order to forestall passage by Congress of Japanese exclusion act.
415
Nov. 19 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Agitation in Japan over discrimination against Japanese in America; Foreign Office support of resolution of Japanese association in California to stop immigration of “picture brides.”
416
Nov. 21 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Desirability of Japanese action to prevent entrance of “picture brides” into the United States.
417
Dec. 4 Department Memorandum
Recommendation of Japanese Ambassador to his Government for action to prevent emigration of “picture brides” to the United States.
418
[Page XLIII]1919 Dec. 13 From the Japanese Appointed Ambassador
Prohibition by Japan of emigration of “picture brides” to continental United States.
419
Dec. 23 Department Memorandum
Understanding with Debuchi, Japanese Counselor, that settlement of “picture bride” question has no relation to checking of anti-Japanese activity.
419
Dec. 27 To the Japanese Appointed Ambassador
U.S. appreciation of Japanese action regarding “picture brides.”
420

Disorders at Tientsin Resulting in Injuries to American Soldiers Inflicted by Japanese—Efforts to Obtain Amends

Date and number Subject Page
Mar. 13 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Serious fracas between U.S. soldiers, Japanese police, and civilians at Tientsin.
420
Mar. 15 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Report that situation at Tientsin is well in hand.
421
Mar. 15 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to report by cable essential facts of Tientsin affair.
421
Mar. 23 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Examination of evidence of Tientsin affair by committee of representative Americans.
421
Mar. 23 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Summary of Japanese War Office report on Tientsin affair and conflicting statement by Japanese Foreign Office (text printed).
422
Apr. 4 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Instructions to present statement of Tientsin incident (text printed) based upon U.S. investigation and to request appropriate action by Japan.
(Instructions to repeat to Peking for information.)
424
Apr. 10 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Delivery of U.S. representations regarding Tientsin affair to Foreign Office.
426
Apr. 11 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Request that Japan’s reply be expedited.
426
Apr. 14 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s reply that Japanese Minister in China has been instructed to make amends if Japanese were at fault.
427
Apr. 25 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Desirability of early settlement of Tientsin affair in view of difficulty of restraining press comment.
427
[Page XLIV]1919 Apr. 26 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Japanese postponement of action pending determination of presence of U.S. soldiers in Japanese concession on Mar. 12.
427
May 3 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s statement that consuls in Tientsin have almost reached agreement on facts of incident; growth of anti-American sentiment.
428
May 13 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Telegram sent to Tokyo (text printed) denying agreement between consuls and indicating that Japanese apologies are conditional upon admission of probable presence of U.S. soldiers in Japanese concession on Mar. 12.
428
May 23 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Memorandum presented to Foreign Office (text printed) requesting action on Tientsin affair; continued discussion of presence of U.S. soldiers in Japanese concession on Mar. 12.
428
May 26 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Approval of renewed request for settlement of Tientsin affair.
429
Undated [Rec’d June 2] From the Minister in China (tel.)
Tender of Japanese expressions of regret, considered inadequate by U.S. consul general, for certain phases of Tientsin affair.
429
June 3 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Information that Japanese representatives are instructed to apologize if apology is due; further Japanese emphasis on alleged action of U.S. soldiers on Mar. 12.
(Instructions to repeat to Tokyo for information.)
430
June 6 From the Minister in China (tel.)
Japanese Minister’s failure to act in Tientsin affair.
430
July 2 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Enumeration of certain unsatisfactory points in settlement as reported by the press and instructions to cooperate with Japanese in effecting agreement.
430
July 14 To the Minister in China (tel.)
Japan’s instructions to its Minister in China to cooperate fully in effort to straighten out difficulty.
432
July 16 (2898) From the Minister in China
Letters exchanged by Minister and consul general at Tientsin (text printed) in regard to admitting possible presence of U.S. soldiers in Japanese concession on Mar. 12; continued silence of Japanese Minister.
433
Aug. 19 The Consul General at Tientsin to the Minister in China
Various Japanese statements alleging presence of U.S. soldiers in Japanese concession on Mar. 12, contrary to evidence adduced by U.S. authorities; recommendation that U.S. position in matter be maintained.
436
Aug. 22 Department Memorandum
Debuchi’s statement that negotiations for settlement of Tientsin difficulty appear to be at an impasse.
437
[Page XLV]Nov. 6 (185) From the Consul General at Tientsin
Memorandum reporting further conversations with Japanese colleague regarding unsettled points in Tientsin affair (text printed).
438
Dec. 4 Department Memorandum
Conversation with Debuchi indicating futility of efforts to reach settlement of Tientsin incident in view of irreconcilable conflict of evidence.
440
Dec. 12 Department Memorandum
Further fruitless discussion of Tientsin incident with Debuchi.
442
Dec. 13 Department Memorandum
Unwillingness to accept Japanese Ambassador’s suggestion of settlement on basis of U.S. apology in case further investigation proves U.S. soldiers present in Japanese concession on Mar. 12.
443
Dec. 23 Department Memorandum
Noncommittal reply to Debuchi’s proposal of further investigation of affair on part of the United States.
443
Dec. 23 Department Memorandum
Lansing’s determination to take up Tientsin affair personally with Japanese Ambassador.
444

Taxation by Japanese Authorities of Americans in the South Manchurian Railway Zone—Attitude of the United States

Date and number Subject Page
Mar. 31 (2615) From the Minister in China
Request for instructions on Japanese attempted taxation of Americans and question of police jurisdiction over Americans in Manchurian railway zone; correspondence between Minister and consul general at Mukden on matter (texts printed).
444
June 3 (992) To the Minister in China
Contention that treaty rights and privileges of U.S. citizens were not impaired by Japanese railway concession; views on questions of taxation and police jurisdiction in railway zone.
449
Sept. 4 (229) From the Consul General at Mukden
Explanation of tax problem in Japanese railway concession; correspondence with Japanese colleague setting forth their respective views on subject (texts printed).
451
Nov. 22 (77) To the Consul General at Mukden
Denial of right of railway company to exercise political powers, including taxation; approval of U.S. citizens contributing toward municipal expenses.
455
[Page XLVI]

Injunctions to American Citizens to Avoid Interference in Political Affairs in Korea (Chosen)

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 29 (5) From the Consul General at Seoul
Notice sent to American mission stations in Korea, in which was enclosed a note dated 1897 from Minister in Korea to American residents, warning them to abstain from interference in domestic affairs (texts printed).
458
Mar. 8 (9) To the Consul General at Seoul
Approval of action in warning U.S. citizens in Korea against interfering in domestic affairs.
460
Apr. 6 From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Telegram from Seoul (text printed) reporting arrest of American on political charge; Ambassador’s fear of likelihood of further similar occurrences and advice to missionaries to maintain neutral attitude.
460
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 12] From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Telegram from Seoul (text printed) reporting removal of wounded Koreans, allegedly criminals, from American hospital by Japanese.
462
Apr. 14 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Warning for consulate at Seoul to take strictly neutral attitude in Korea, while guarding U.S. interests.
462
Dec. 26 (7) To the Consul General at Seoul
Suggestion that U.S. missionaries be cautioned again to avoid actions construable as interference in domestic affairs.
462

LIBERIA

Financial Affairs

efforts to obtain french and british approval of an all-american receivership—discussion at paris; refusal by the american government of a protectorate or mandate—plan to terminate the international receivership by refunding the 1912 loan—discussion with the treasury department as to amount of credits available

Date and number Subject Page
Jan. 15 (6774) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) expressing desirability of French and British participation in financial aid to Liberia and willingness to discuss matter outside Peace Conference.
464
Jan. 17 (4112) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Substance of memorandum presented to the British Chargé on U.S. attitude toward all-American receivership, submitting Liberian problems to Peace Conference, and U.S. protectorate.
465
Jan. 23 (291) From the Chargé in Liberia
Legislative Resolution of Jan. 22 (text printed) authorizing President to accept U.S. loan for rehabilitation of Liberia.
465
Jan. 25 (7126) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Reply to Foreign Office note, reasserting desirability of all-American receivership because of failure of multiple control.
466
[Page XLVII]1919 Feb. 4 (558) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Advisability of sending to Paris U.S. Financial Adviser of Liberia, if Liberian matters are to be discussed there.
467
Feb. 12 (7173) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) proposing formation of representative commission in Paris to settle Liberian questions.
468
Feb. 16 (778) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Desirability of presence in Paris of U.S. Financial Adviser of Liberia during consideration of Liberian problems.
469
Feb. 25 (7525) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) stressing Liberia’s sovereign rights over concessions and financial and economic rehabilitation.
469
Apr. 17 From the Secretary General of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Documents concerning informal conference of U.S., British, and French representatives on Liberian affairs including notes exchanged between Embassy and Foreign Office (texts printed) and memorandum of informal conference (text printed).
470
Apr. 19 (1657) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram from Minister in Liberia (text printed) reporting designation of new French receiver; suggestion that France be requested to postpone appointment.
473
Apr. 24 (1722) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Desirability of informal agreement rather than treaty with Liberia on loan and other matters.
473
Apr. 24 (1772) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
French instructions that no French receiver of customs be appointed to Liberia pending negotiations.
475
Apr. 30 (1873) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Request for texts of documents by which French and British are to agree to withdraw from Liberia if Department still feels that proposed treaty is unwise. French and British desire for U.S. guaranty for maintenance of order on Liberian border.
476
May 5 (1990) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Departure of French receiver for Liberia prior to receiving instructions for delay.
477
May 12 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Arrival of French receiver-designate; President’s desire to withhold approval pending U.S. advice.
477
May 20 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Suggestion that commissioning of French receiver be postponed until plans for rehabilitation are concluded.
478
May 26 (2108) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Proposals for immediate relief of Liberia by all-American receivership by arrangement with Great Britain and France, or by termination of international receivership through refunding 1912 bonds with U.S. loan.
478
[Page XLVIII]July 1 (340) From the Chargé in Liberia
Liberia’s desire to draw against U.S. credit.
480
Aug. 4 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
French pressure for receiver-designate to commence duties; request for information as to developments and for instructions.
480
Aug. 7 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
No developments in Liberian problem; instructions to repeat suggestion outlined in Department’s May 20.
481
Sept. 5 From the French Ambassador
Representations because Liberia refuses to permit new French customs receiver to enter upon his duties.
481
Sept. 8 (5936) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to present note (substance printed) requesting statement of British attitude toward U.S. financial assistance and establishment of U.S. customs receivership in Liberia.
482
Sept. 12 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Desire to limit advances to Liberia to amounts to which U.S. Government has already obligated itself.
482
Sept. 12 (9101) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Refusal to sanction commissioning of French receiver in Liberia; instructions to intimate possible Liberian purchase of outstanding bonds thus terminating French share in receivership.
483
Sept. 15 [?] (1314) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
British note accepting with certain specified guaranties the enclosed U.S. proposal for withdrawal of Great Britain and France from customs receivership (texts printed).
484
Sept. 20 To the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Information that obligations have been entered into with Liberia for substantial advances against the credit of $5,000,000.
487
Sept. 26 (9146) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Determination to proceed with rehabilitation of Liberia; instructions to secure French assent if possible.
488
Oct. 8 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Necessity for expediting negotiations for relief of Liberia.
488
Oct. 9 From the Secretary of the Treasury
Readiness to conclude financial agreement with Liberia upon completion of negotiations with England and France.
488
Nov. 4 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for exact statement of Government obligations.
489
Nov. 12 From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Itemized account of Government indebtedness.
489
Nov. 19 To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to notify Department if Bank of British West Africa serves notice of expiration of agreement with Liberia.
490
[Page XLIX]Nov. 20 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Summary of negotiations which failed to bring to close international receivership in Liberia; suggestion for U.S. advance for refunding remainder of 1912 loan, thus ending receivership.
490
Nov. 20 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Assertion of U.S. commitment to program of economic and financial rehabilitation of Liberia and necessity for carrying through program.
492
Nov. 21 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Inquiry as to U.S. commitments made respecting Liberia which concern England and France.
493
Nov. 28 To the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Statement of U.S. commitments for economic development of Liberia, which concern England and France; reiteration of request for early action.
494
Dec. 8 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Recapitulation of facts surrounding establishment of credit for Liberia and negotiations in connection therewith; arrangement and terms for advances to be made in accordance with State Department’s request.
495
Dec. 13 (884) From the British Appointed Ambassador
Liquidation of certain outstanding British claims against Liberian Government.
503

Concessions

french projects for utilizing the former german cable between monrovia and pernambuco—application of a french company for a railway concession—attitude of the united states toward these projects

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 18 (269) From the Chargé in Liberia
President’s refusal to allow French company to connect and use German cable formerly operated between Liberia and Brazil; request for U.S. support in this stand.
504
Nov. 27 From the French Ambassador
Request for U.S. support of French application for harbor at Monrovia and railway connecting with French boundary.
505
Nov. 29 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Instructions to suggest that Liberia withhold conclusion of any agreement for concessions pending negotiations for refunding of 1912 loan.
506
Nov. 29 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Summary of German cable situation as covered in despatch of Nov. 18, together with Liberian request for deferment of U.S. decision until arrival of full explanation by mail.
506
Nov. 29 (272) From the Chargé in Liberia
Note from President (text printed) giving reasons for opposing efforts of French company to secure possession of former German cable and requesting U.S. support of position taken.
507
[Page L]Dec. 28 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
U.S. accord with Liberian policy not to settle cable question in advance of Peace Conference and refunding of loan.
509
1919 Jan. 4 Department Memorandum
Interview with secretary of French Embassy regarding French interest in German cable in Liberia and in railway concession to border
510
Jan. 8 (147) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Information regarding French projects for utilizing old German cable and for securing railway concession in Liberia.
511
Jan. 8 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
French threat to connect and operate German cable under protection of warship; French agreement with Great Britain to divide German cable system.
512
Jan. 11 (6937) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Instructions to make representations regarding French threat to connect and operate German cable without Liberian approval.
513
Jan. 11 (4017) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to present U.S. views regarding proposed French activities in Liberia and to ascertain British attitude.
514
Jan. 14 (6749) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Foreign Office renunciation of use of force in connecting German cable to French station, following Liberian protests; intimation of severance of all cable connection with Liberia.
514
Jan. 15 (6774) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) requesting U.S. support of proposed cable arrangement and railway concession in Liberia and threatening severance of all cable connection with Liberia if demands are unheeded.
515
Jan. 18 (2298) To the French Chargé
Refusal to support proposed French railway concession, application for which contains provisions contrary to Liberian law.
517
Jan. 20 (6966) From the Chargé in France
Foreign Office note (text printed) reiterating threat to disconnect cable line to Liberia and requesting U.S. aid in securing railway concession.
519
Jan. 22 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Adjournment of Liberian Legislature without taking action on applications for concessions.
520
Jan. 23 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Inquiry concerning custody of Pernambuco end of former German cable connecting with Liberia.
520
Jan. 23 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for information concerning other communication lines, if French disconnect cable at Monrovia.
520
[Page LI]1919 Jan. 25 (7126) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Reply to French request for support of projects in Liberia.
521
Jan. 30 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Retention of Brazilian end of German cable by German company.
521
Feb. 4 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Legation’s opinion that French will not disconnect cable; survey of other means of communication.
522
Feb. 8 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Willingness of Department to recommend expert to supervise wireless plant, if necessary to preserve Liberian communication with outside.
523
Feb. 15 (7245) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) stating grounds for claim to German cable between Liberia and Brazil.
523
Feb. 19 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Inquiry regarding condition of former German cable lines connecting Liberia with outside.
524
Feb. 20 (1040) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British statement of French determination to divert cable from Liberia rather than connect it in face of Liberian protests.
525
Feb. 24 (7526) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) asserting Liberia’s right to control German cable within own jurisdiction and suggesting that Peace Conference determine disposition of all German cables.
525
Feb. 25 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Condition of former German cable system connecting Liberia with outside.
526
Sept. 25 From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Application of British company for railway concession in Liberia.
527
Oct. 1 To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Recommendation that Liberia give no definite consideration to applications for concessions pending conclusion of loan agreement.
527

Service of American Officers with the Liberian Frontier Force

Date and number Subject Page
June 9 (338) From the Chargé in Liberia
Report on suppression of rebellious native tribes by Major Anderson, commanding Liberian Frontier Force; necessity for other U. S. Army officers as assistants.
528
[Page LII]

MEXICO

Message of President Carranza to the National Congress, September 1, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Sept. 3 (2341) From the Chargé in Mexico
President’s annual message to Congress (text printed), including summary of relations with the United States and other phases of Mexican foreign relations.
531

Resumption of Extradition Proceedings by the United States

Date and number Subject Page
Apr. 5 To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Request for opinion as to advisability of resuming extradition proceedings with Mexico.
(Sent also to certain consular officers in Mexico.)
544
Apr. 11 (2043) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Favorable opinion toward renewal of extradition proceedings with Mexico.
544
Apr. 21 (705) To the Mexican Ambassador
U.S. willingness to resume extradition proceedings.
544

Declaration by the Mexican Government of Nonrecognition of the Monroe Doctrine

Date and number Subject Page
Apr. 25 From the Mexican Ambassador
Mexican declaration (text printed) of refusal to recognize Monroe Doctrine.
545
May 13 (2010) From the Chargé in Mexico
Mexico City correspondent’s report of interview with President (text printed) in which latter explains his opposition to Monroe Doctrine.
545

Exportation of Arms and Ammunition to Mexico

granting of licenses for exportation

Date and number Subject Page
Jan. 11 (1794) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Request for views regarding Mexico’s application for munitions for maintaining order.
548
Jan. 12 (1900) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Approval of limited shipments of ammunition to Mexican Government to protect life and property.
548
Feb. 19 (1879) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Release of ammunition for use in Chihuahua, in view of Villa’s threat to destroy U.S. property.
549
Mar. 18 From the Mexican Ambassador
Mexico’s desire to buy rifles used by U.S. Army before the war.
550
[Page LIII]1919 June 9 To the Mexican Ambassador
Impossibility under existing laws of sale of rifles to Mexican Government.
550
June 13 To the Mexican Ambassador
Notification of permission to export ammunition to Juarez for use of garrison in military operations against Villistas.
550

embargo of july 12, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
July 9 To President Wilson
Draft of new proclamation prohibiting shipment of arms and munitions to Mexico.
551
July 12 (1530) Proclamation by the President
Prohibiting of exportation to Mexico of arms and munitions of war, except with sanction of U.S. authorities.
551
July 31 (567) From the British Chargé
Inquiry as to U.S. policy in issuing licenses for exporting arms and ammunition to Mexico, under new proclamation.
553
Sept. 16 To the British Chargé
U.S. policy toward granting licenses for export of arms and munitions to Mexico.
554
1920 Jan. 7 (F–493) From the Mexican Ambassador
Request for reply to numerous notes asking U.S. good offices in securing war material for Mexican Government.
554
Jan. 23 To the Mexican Ambassador
Inexpediency of permitting shipments of arms and munitions of war to Mexico at present time.
555

Border Disturbances

violation by villistas of neutrality laws of the united states—crossing into mexico by american troops: repulse of villistas from ciudad juarez, june 15–16, 1919; pursuit of captors of american aviators—flying over mexican territory by american aviators

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Mar. 20 From the Mexican Ambassador
Request for punishment of certain Mexicans in Texas for violation of U.S. neutrality laws by fomenting revolutionary movement against Mexican Government.
555
May 13 To the Mexican Ambassador
Notification of rendition of verdict of guilty for certain Mexican revolutionists operating in Texas.
556
June 15 From the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
Capture of Juarez by Villistas and subsequent recapture by Government forces.
557
[Page LIV]June 15 From the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
Resumption of fighting; report of casualties.
557
June 15 From the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
Continued conflict with some casualties occurring on U.S. soil; crossing of U.S. troops to Mexican territory.
558
June 16 From the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
Partial withdrawal of U.S. troops from Mexico following repulse of Villistas.
558
June 16 (2049) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Statement for publication if necessary that dispatch of U.S. troops into Mexico was not unfriendly gesture toward Government but was intended solely to protect U.S. citizens by driving rebels from border.
558
June 17 From the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
Complete withdrawal of U.S. forces from Mexico.
559
June 17 From the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
Unofficial report of Villista casualties at Juarez; report of request for protection of Americans at Casas Grandes.
559
Aug. 26 To the Mexican Ambassador
Reply to Mexican protest against U.S. pursuit on Mexican soil of captors of U.S. aviators; representations against lawlessness along border.
560
Aug. 29 From the Consul at Chihuahua (tel.)
Report of ill feeling caused by flight of U.S. airplanes over Chihuahua.
561
Sept. 1 (E–4421) From the Mexican Ambassador
Representations requesting punishment of U.S. aviators who flew over Chihuahua and prevention of future violations of a similar nature.
561
Sept. 3 From the Consul at Chihuahua (tel.)
Second appearance of U.S. airplanes over Chihuahua within a week.
561
Sept. 5 (E–4447) From the Mexican Ambassador
Representations seeking prevention of unwarranted violations of Mexican territory by frequent U.S. airplane flights.
562
Sept. 5 From the Consul at Chihuahua (tel.)
Third flight of airplanes over Chihuahua.
562
Sept. 8 To the Consul at Chihuahua (tel.)
War Department’s promise to issue orders against future airplane flights into Mexico.
562
Sept. 13 (E–4479) From the Mexican Ambassador
Representations against frequent airplane flights over Mexico.
562
Sept. 23 (E–4534) From the Mexican Ambassador
Inadequacy from Mexican viewpoint of U.S. explanation regarding entry of troops into Mexico.
563
[Page LV]Sept. 30 (2441) From the Chargé in Mexico
Portion of President’s message (text printed) regarding Villa’s attack on Juarez and subsequent incursion into Mexico of U.S. troops.
563
Oct. 25 (E–4670) From the Mexican Ambassador
Representations regarding machine-gun firing into Nogales, Sonora, by crew of U.S. airplane.
564
Dec. 26 To the Mexican Ambassador
Trial of U.S. airmen charged with firing into Nogales.
565

Protection of Persons and Property of Americans and Other Foreigners

reports of murders, injuries, and depredations—the catron and jenkins cases—representations of the united states—good offices of american consuls for the protection of Chinese

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. 8 (149) From the Consul at Chihuahua
Depredations by Villa; reorganization of army by Castro, and prospect of active resistance to Villistas.
565
Feb. 19 (1876) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to urge measures by Mexico to prevent banditry and murder of foreigners in Chiapas.
569
Feb. 28 (1850) From the Chargé in Mexico
Foreign Office statement that matter of assassination of foreigners in Chiapas has been referred to proper authorities.
569
May 29 (2021) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to request stationing of sufficient troops in Yaqui Valley to protect American lives and property.
570
June 14 (2085) From the Chargé in Mexico
Information from Foreign Office that adequate military protection of property in Yaqui Valley has been ordered.
570
June 18 To the Consul at Ciudad Juarez (tel.)
Instructions to renew request for military protection for Mormon colonies at Casas Grandes.
570
June 27 (2123) From the Chargé in Mexico
Information that military authorities have been instructed to afford protection to U.S. citizens, including Mormons, in Casas Grandes.
571
July 19 (106) From the Consul at Guaymas
Account of murders and robbery by Yaqui Indians in vicinity of Guaymas.
571
July 21 (2104) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present further representations to Foreign Office regarding murder of Peter Catron, U.S. citizen, and to indicate radical change in U.S. policy toward Mexico if murders continue.
572
[Page LVI]1919 July 30 (3084) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) replying to U.S. representations in Catron case and defending efforts made to apprehend bandits and maintain order.
573
Aug. 1 (1043) To the Chargé in Mexico
Instructions to request that energetic measures be adopted by Mexico to protect U.S. lives and property in Yaqui region.
575
Aug. 31 (3157) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Enumeration of representations made to Foreign Office since 1917 regarding personal injuries to or invasion of rights of U.S. citizens.
575
Sept. 2 (2338) From the Chargé in Mexico
Cases of injuries or murders of U.S. citizens in Mexico regarding which nothing has been accomplished in way of punishing responsible criminals.
575
Sept. 24 From the Chinese Chargé
Renewal of request for U.S. protection of Chinese citizens in Mexico.
576
Oct. 1 To the Chinese Chargé
Notification of issuance of instructions to U.S. consular officers to exercise good offices with Mexican authorities in behalf of Chinese seeking U.S. protection.
577
Oct. 10 (2473) From the Chargé in Mexico
Foreign Office note (text printed) giving assurances of adequate protection of region around Guaymas from depredations by Yaqui Indians.
577
Oct. 21 (3272) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Circumstances surrounding kidnaping of Consular Agent Jenkins by outlaws at Puebla.
578
Oct. 21 (3230) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office assurances that all possible measures will be taken to effect release of Jenkins.
578
Oct. 24 (2259) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
U.S. expectation of release of Jenkins even if payment of indemnity by Mexican Government is necessary.
578
Oct. 26 (3242) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Agreement for release of Jenkins upon payment of ransom.
579
Oct. 26 (3245) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Delivery of ransom and release of Jenkins.
579
Nov. 3 (3256) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Summary of Foreign Office note describing efforts made to apprehend Jenkins’ abductors but declaring against principle of payment of ransom by Government.
579
Nov. 8 (2281) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
U.S. attitude toward payment of ransom by Mexico in Jenkins case.
581
[Page LVII]Nov. 14 (3275) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Arrest of Jenkins and imprisonment in Puebla.
582
Nov. 16 (3277) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Release of Jenkins from prison and detention in his home, on accusation of criminal responsibility and giving of false evidence in connection with abduction.
582
Nov. 17 (1198) To the Chargé in Mexico
Instructions to bring renewed activities of Yaquis to attention of Foreign Office, with request that effective measures be taken to prevent further depredations.
582
Nov. 19 (3287) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Rearrest of Jenkins and incarceration in penitentiary.
583
Nov. 23 (2302) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to request immediate release of Jenkins, stressing consequences of further persecution.
583
Nov. 26 (3311) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) defending legality of imprisonment of Jenkins.
584
Nov. 29 (2319) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) expounding injustice of imprisonment of Jenkins and renewing request for his immediate release.
586
Dec. 5 (3339) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Release of Jenkins, presumably on bail.
589
Dec. 17 (3367) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) reiterating right to imprison Jenkins and remarking on his release.
589
1920 Dec. 4 From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Release of Jenkins and cancelation of bond.
590n

Protection of American Oil Interests

extension of the period for the denouncement of oil claims—circular requiring payment of royalties in accordance with laws and decrees protested by the united states—refusal of drilling permits except on compliance with protested regulations; orders to stop operations begun without permits—offer of provisional permits on condition of an undertaking to comply with provisions of the law eventually to be passed—denouncement by third persons of properties leased by Americans—protests and representations of the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 8 (1703) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Executive decree of Dec. 27, 1918 (text printed), extending period for denouncement of oil claims until enactment of petroleum law.
591
[Page LVIII]Feb. 25 (1842) From the Chargé in Mexico
Substance of Treasury circular of Feb. 19, 1919, requiring payment of royalties in accordance with petroleum laws.
592
Mar. 4 (1987) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Reported statement by Finance Minister that petroleum and mining interests acquired prior to adoption of Constitution would be respected.
593
Mar. 18 (1921) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to protest against attempt to collect royalties from American petroleum interests.
593
Mar. 22 (2021) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Threat of punishment of oil companies drilling without official permission.
593
Apr. 11 (1962) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
From Fletcher: Contingency of liberal treatment regarding shipment of munitions to Mexico upon granting of provisional permits for oil drilling.
594
Apr. 11 (1963) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) making representations against denial of permits to U.S. companies for new work as means of forcing recognition of Mexican right to confiscate legally acquired petroleum interests.
594
Apr. 16 (2051) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
For Fletcher: Cabrera’s disapproval of U.S. citizens’ seeking provisional permits for new drilling prior to further enactment.
596
Apr. 16 (1969) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) protesting denouncement by third persons of oil properties leased by U.S. citizens as being coercion into admission of lawfulness of Mexican confiscatory measures.
596
May 3 (1992) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Suggestion for renewed efforts to secure favorable action regarding provisional oil permits.
597
May 7 (2076) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Cabrera’s endeavor to arrange for provisional permits subject to future legislation.
597
June 2 (3008) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Delay in granting provisional permits to drill.
598
June 3 (2063) From the Chargé in Mexico
Foreign Office note (text printed) placing blame for coercive measures on U.S. companies which failed to comply, under protest, with Mexican law.
598
June 10 (716) From the Consul at Tampico
Enforcement of order to stop oil operations begun without permits; official request (text printed) to Mexican War Office for military aid in enforcing suspensions, and instructions (text printed) to chiefs of inspection as to scope of suspension activities.
599
[Page LIX]June 16 (2048) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) pointing out that compliance under protest with Mexican law would invalidate U.S. oil companies’ claims.
603
June 16 (3025) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
President’s orders to stop drilling operations in all cases where permits have not been secured.
604
June 18 (2052) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to make representations against President’s orders to stop drilling operations in all cases where permits have not been secured.
605
June 20 (3033) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Refusal of Government to make exceptions to law requiring permits to begin or continue new work on oil lands.
605
June 24 (2108) From the Chargé in Mexico
Cabrera’s promise to take up question of provisional permits and revocation of President’s order to stop drilling where permits have not been obtained.
605
Undated [Rec’d July 22] From the Mexican Embassy
Mexican Foreign Office to Mexican Ambassador, July 21: Permission to inform the United States that Government will issue provisional permits if grantees promise to submit to future oil legislation.
606
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the Mexican Embassy
Mexican Foreign Office to Mexican Ambassador, Aug. 4: Circular of Aug. 1, 1919 (text printed), offering provisional permits if grantees promise to submit to future oil legislation.
606
Sept. 2 (2331) From the Chargé in Mexico
Senate petroleum bill (text printed) and committee report thereon; Mexican comment on proposed bill.
607
Sept. 9 To the Chairman of the League of Free Nations Association
U.S. attitude toward alleged monthly payments to General Pelaez by oil interests.
610
Oct. 1 (2228) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) requesting respect for rights of U.S. citizens pending passage of oil legislation.
610
Oct. 7 (3213) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Defeat of Senate oil bill and consideration of Executive oil bill.
612
Nov. 18 (2299) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) making representations against renewed rigor in stopping drilling operations by U.S. companies in face of previous U.S. protests and prior to passage of new legislation.
612
Dec. 9 (3354) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Passage by Mexican Senate of Executive petroleum bill.
613
[Page LX]

Protection of American Landholding Interests

agrarian law of the state of sonora, promulgated july 3, 1919; protests of the united states—representations in behalf of the richardson construction company

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 24 (1745) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) making representations against proposed Agrarian Law in Sonora as being confiscatory and contrary to Mexican Constitution.
(Sent also to consul at Nogales for authorities of Sonora.)
614
1919 July 16 (2095) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to urge action to prevent enforcement of Agrarian Law passed by Sonora Legislature.
(Sent also to consul at Nogales for authorities of Sonora.)
615
July 19 (105) From the Consul at Guaymas
Agrarian Law of Sonora, passed June 23, 1919 (text printed).
615
Aug. 14 (2154) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present note (text printed) renewing representations against Agrarian Law of Sonora and making specific objections.
(Sent also to consul at Nogales for authorities of Sonora.)
623
Aug. 27 (2182) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to make representations against action of Sonora authorities in attempted sale of portion of U.S. company’s property for nonpayment of taxes.
624
Sept. 4 (2349) From the Chargé in Mexico
Foreign Office note (text printed) acknowledging receipt of U.S. representations sent in accordance with instructions of Aug. 14.
625
Sept. 21 (190) From the Consul at Nogales
Reply of Governor of Sonora (text printed) to protest made by consul in accordance with instructions of Aug. 14, and defending justice and constitutionality of Agrarian Law.
626
Oct. 9 To the Counsel of the Association of Foreigners Owning Land in Sonora, Mexico
Refusal to make representations on behalf of U.S. company concerning decision of Mexican Supreme Court on appeal of land-taxation case.
631

Claims of Americans against the Mexican Government

attitude of the american and other governments toward the claims commission established by decree of november 24, 1917—new decree of august 30, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
Mar. 14 (4833) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Inquiry as to attitude of Government toward commission established by Mexican decree of Nov. 24, 1917, for consideration of claims against Mexican Government.
(Sent also to the Ambassadors in France and Italy.)
632
[Page LXI]1919 Mar. 28 (1560) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British decision to await further developments before recognizing Mexican claims commission.
633
Apr. 7 (2762) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) asserting Italian determination to ignore Mexican claims commission and to place emphasis on arbitration under existing treaty.
633
Apr. 17 (45) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French decision to reserve rights of nationals while determining whether or not to submit claims to Mexican commission.
634
Apr. 26 (2065) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Number and extent of foreign claims before Mexican commission.
635
May 9 (2081) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Taking over by commission of claims for damages suffered during Madero revolution.
635
July 9 Statement Issued to the Press by the Department of State
Announcement of U.S. nonacceptance of Mexican claims commission.
636
July 25 (1024) To the Chargé in Mexico
Instructions to present note (text printed) making representations for modification of composition of claims commission and scope of its activities.
637
Sept. 10 (2374) From the Chargé in Mexico
Executive decree of Aug. 30, 1919 (text printed), establishing new claims commission with enlarged powers.
638

Financial Affairs

formation of an international committee of bankers to represent Mexico’s creditors—attitude of the American government

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 18 From Mr. Thomas W. Lamont
Advisability of having committee representing banking interests in the United States, France, and Great Britain, to protect international investment interests in Mexico.
644
Dec. 13 From Mr. Thomas W. Lamont
Urgency of proceeding with formation of committee of banking interests in view of pressure from various groups of investors.
645
1919 Jan. 7 To J. P. Morgan and Company
Department’s nonobjection to formation of international committee of bankers to represent Mexico’s creditors and protect their interests.
646
[Page LXII]Jan. 15 (1806) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Imminence of formation of international committee of bankers for protection of foreign interests in Mexico, under supervision of U.S. interests.
647
Feb. 24 Department Memorandum
Background of organization of International Committee of Bankers.
647
Dec. 23 Mr. Thomas W. Lamont to the Ambassador in Mexico, on Duty in the Department of State
Request that International Bankers Committee be allowed to arrange own details of membership, retaining control in the United States.
648
Dec. 27 The Ambassador in Mexico, on Duty in the Department of State, to Mr. Thomas W. Lamont
Department’s willingness to leave details of membership of Committee to Lamont provided control remains in U.S. hands.
649

NETHERLANDS

Agreement between the United States and the Netherlands Extending the Duration of the Arbitration Convention of May 2, 1908

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 4 From the Netherland Minister
Draft of proposed extension of Netherland-American Arbitration Convention of May 2, 1908, for further period of 5 years, effective Mar. 25, 1919.
650
1919 Jan. 24 (6) To the Netherland Minister
Department’s approval of draft extending arbitration convention.
650
Mar. 8 Agreement between the United States and the Netherlands
Text of agreement extending arbitration convention for further 5–year period beginning Mar. 25, 1919.
651

Asylum of the Former German Emperor and the Crown Prince in the Netherlands

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 19 (121) From the Special Representative (tel.)
For the President: Inquiry as to views in regard to permitting the Kaiser to remain in the Netherlands.
652
Nov. 20 (5255) From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.)
Attitude of the Netherlands toward presence of ex-Kaiser within its borders.
652
Nov. 21 (56) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
President Wilson to House: Disadvantages of having the ex-Kaiser so near his former kingdom.
653
[Page LXIII]Undated [Rec’d Dec. 3] From the British Embassy
British Foreign Office to British Chargé, Dec. 2: Communication for the President and Lansing expressing desire for U.S. cooperation with Allied Powers in demanding surrender of ex-Kaiser and Crown Prince for trial.
653
1919 July 1 (6521) From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.)
French note sent to the Netherlands (text printed) requesting close surveillance of ex-Kaiser and Crown Prince and suggesting desirability of their surrender.
654
July 10 (6557) From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.)
Netherland reply (text printed) to French note, reserving right, as sovereign state, to act in case of ex-Kaiser and Crown Prince.
655
July 21 (3247) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Exchange of telegrams (texts printed) between Commission and Legation at The Hague indicating U.S. noncommittal attitude toward extradition of ex-Kaiser.
656
Dec. 7 (7047) From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.)
Opinion of Foreign Minister that extradition of ex-Kaiser is about to be demanded.
657
Dec. 13 (3724) To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.)
Unwillingness to support demand for extradition of ex-Kaiser or to participate in possible trial.
657
Dec. 15 (7061) From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.)
Development of Allied indifference toward extradition of ex-Kaiser.
658

NICARAGUA

British Claims Against Nicaragua—Good Offices of the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1916 June 29 (187) From the British Ambassador
Presentation of lists of British claims against Nicaragua; inquiry as to disposition of funds pledged by Bryan-Chamorro Treaty.
659
July 25 (1252) To the British Ambassador
Assurance of future consideration of British claims against Nicaragua; uncertainty regarding disposition of treaty funds.
660
1918 Jan. 29 (142) From the British Embassy
Readiness to accept £8,000 in settlement of British Legation claim excluding London Bank of Central America portion and reserving that for separate adjustment.
660
Feb. 16 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Substance of British Embassy’s No. 142, for attention of Foreign Office.
660n
[Page LXIV]Mar. 15 To the British Embassy
Nicaraguan offer of £9,000 in cash and £1,000 in bonds in payment of entire Legation claim.
661
Mar. 19 (294) From the British Embassy
British refusal to accept Nicaraguan terms of settlement and insistence on treating bank claim separately.
662
Apr. 2 To the British Embassy
Employment of U.S. good offices to extent of bringing to attention of Nicaraguan Public Credit Commission British views on settlement of claims.
663
Apr. 3 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Summary of British attitude toward settlement of claims, with offer of U.S. good offices in transmitting communications between Claims Commission and British Embassy.
664
Apr. 7 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan offer of £9,000 in cash and £2,000 in bonds in settlement of entire Legation claim.
665
Apr. 19 (421) From the British Embassy
British refusal further to reduce Legation claims previously agreed upon by exchange of notes with Nicaragua.
666
May 14 (519) From the British Embassy
British refusal of Nicaraguan offer of £9,000 in cash and £2,000 in bonds.
666
1919 Apr. 1 (244) From the British Embassy
Offer to accept £18,000 in settlement of claims against Nicaragua; inquiry as to status of claims settlements.
667
Apr. 5 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Substance of British Embassy’s No. 244.
667n
Apr. 26 To the British Embassy
Nicaraguan Commission’s offer to award £9,000 in cash and £4,000 in bonds in payment of entire British Legation claim; expiration in June of time for acceptance.
667
June 18 (461) From the British Chargé
Counterproposal of £9,000 in cash and £9,000 in bonds, with request for early settlement of matter.
668
June 25 To the British Chargé
Refusal of Nicaraguan Commission to change its award.
669
July 17 To the British Chargé
Extension of time, at U.S. instance, for British acceptance of Nicaraguan offer in settlement of claims.
669
Sept. 20 (685) From the British Chargé
Notification of British acceptance of Nicaraguan terms in settlement of claims and request for reception by Nicaragua despite expiration of time limit.
670
Oct. 25 To the British Appointed Ambassador
Suggestion that British formally notify Nicaraguan High Commission of acceptance of award in Legation claims.
670
[Page LXV]

Decree Expelling Signers of a Petition Regarding Lawlessness in Bluefields—Revocation at the Instance of the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Apr. 9 (241) From the Consul at Bluefields
Petition of certain residents of Bluefields (text printed) requesting protection against prevalent lawlessness; probability of enforcement of decree exiling signers of petition.
671
Apr. 26 Department Memorandum
Interview with Nicaraguan Minister concerning decree to exile petitioners.
672
Apr. 26 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to make representations, if advisable, regarding murder of Martin, an American.
673
Apr. 28 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Official guarantee of protection against lawlessness in Blue-fields; statement that Martin was a naturalized citizen of Nicaragua.
674
May 3 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to make representations against threatened expulsion of petitioners from Bluefields and against lawlessness there.
674
May 9 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Probability of appointment of more satisfactory Governor of Bluefields and of nonenforcement of expulsion decree.
675
June 5 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether expulsion decree has been repealed.
675
June 9 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Approval of President’s choice of Canton as Governor of Bluefields; probable nonenforcement of expulsion decree.
676
June 12 To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Necessity for Nicaragua’s assuming a definite position with respect to expulsion decree.
676
June 25 From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Anticipation of prompt and satisfactory settlement regarding expulsion decree upon arrival of new Governor.
676
July 15 (291) From the Consul at Bluefields
Suspension of expulsion decree.
677

PANAMA

Appointment of an American Fiscal Agent and of an American Inspector General of Police

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Aug. 28 To the Secretary of War
Request for preparation of drafts of proposed Panaman legislation to secure appointment of U.S. fiscal agent and inspector general of police in Panama.
679
Sept. 28 To the Panaman Minister
Suggestion for Panaman legislation permitting appointment of U.S. fiscal agent and inspector general of police in Panama.
679
[Page LXVI]Oct. 3 (2116) From the Minister in Panama
Progress in drafting bills for submission to Panaman Legislature which would permit appointment of U.S. fiscal agent and inspector general of police.
682
Oct. 28 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Request that financial expert be selected in order that he may proceed to Panama as soon as possible following passage of law authorizing appointment.
683
Nov. 5 To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Suggestion as to salary for proposed financial adviser to Panama.
684
Nov. 10 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Assent of Panaman President to salary suggested for financial adviser; request for U.S. approval of bill prior to submission to Legislature.
684
Nov. 19 To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Recommendation of Ruan as financial adviser.
685
Nov. 19 To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Approval of bill appointing fiscal agent, provided it is satisfactory to Canal Zone Government.
685
Dec. 2 (2198) From the Minister in Panama
Bill pending in Panaman Legislature (text printed) providing for U.S. fiscal agent.
685
Dec. 31 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Signing of Fiscal Agent Bill by President; request that Ruan be sent immediately.
688
1919 Feb. 6 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Conclusion of contract with Ruan as Fiscal Agent.
688
Feb. 20 (2272) From the Minister in Panama
Appointment of A. R. Lamb by Panaman Government as Inspector General of National Police.
688

Loan Projects for the Funding of Internal Obligations and for the Establishment of an Agricultural Bank

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. 20 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Proposal of Ruan, Fiscal Agent, for loan to relieve critical financial situation in Panama.
689
Apr. 2 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Employment of C. J. Owens to direct an economic survey of Panama, with especial reference to agricultural finance.
689
Apr. 25 To the Director of the Economic Survey of Panama
Request for cooperation with Fiscal Agent in Panama.
690
Aug. 4 From the Director of the Economic Survey of Panama
Notification of commission by Panaman President to perform certain services including the floating of a loan to establish proposed farm loan bank.
690
[Page LXVII]1919 Aug. 24 From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Report that Owens has secured necessary loan for agricultural bank; Ruan’s request for holding up sanction of loan until refunding of internal debt is arranged.
691
Aug. 27 To the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Department’s decision to withhold sanction for bank loan pending consideration of loan for refunding internal debt.
692
Sept. 12 From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
From Ruan: Request that Department urge Panaman Chargé to support loan to retire internal indebtedness and to defer efforts on behalf of loan for agricultural bank.
692
Sept. 22 To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Statement of Panaman Chargé that he is working for debt refunding loan and for no other.
693
1920 Mar. 26 (2640) From the Minister in Panama
Abandonment of loan negotiations upon completion of other arrangements for debt refunding.
693n

Oil Concession of the Sinclair Panama Corporation; Extension of Exploration Period

Date and number Subject Page
1917 Apr. 21 (1348) From the Minister in Panama
Panaman contract with agent of Sinclair-Central American Petroleum interests for exploration and exploitation of Panaman coast.
693
1919 Mar. 24 To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Instructions to use good offices for extension of period of exploration by Sinclair Panama Oil Corp.
694
Apr. 2 (2302) From the Minister in Panama
Panaman suggestion that Sinclair company petition formally for time extension and that company deliver to Government agreed amount of stock or cash as guaranty bond.
694
May 15 (2372) From the Minister in Panama
Extension for one year of exploration by Sinclair Panama Oil Corp.
695

PERSIA

Agreement between Persia and Great Britain, August 9, 1919

reports of opposition to the treaty among the persian people—statements indicating the american government’s disapproval of the treaty—british denial that the negotiations were concealed from the american government

Date and number Subject Page
Aug. 11 (160) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Summary of agreement between Great Britain and Persia for cooperation in military and economic reform and for loan.
698
[Page LXVIII]1919 Aug. 13 (162) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Public opposition to treaty as, in effect, British mandate over Persia.
699
Aug. 16 (163) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Prevention of free public expression of opinion on agreement with Great Britain.
699
Aug. 18 (2831) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British request for friendly U.S. attitude toward agreement with Persia as opposed to hostile stand of French.
699
Aug. 19 (141) To the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Instructions to keep Department informed concerning treaty developments and Persian attitude in regard thereto.
700
Aug. 20 (5844) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office of unfavorable attitude of the President and Department toward secrecy employed in negotiation of Anglo-Persian agreement.
700
Aug. 23 (165) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Continued opposition to treaty; intimation that similar treaty with the United States would meet with public approval; charge that the United States abandoned Persia at Peace Conference.
701
Aug. 28 (169) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Public acts of protest against treaty; Prime Minister’s charge that America had already refused aid to Persia.
701
Aug. 31 (170) From the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Message from consul at Tabriz (text printed) regarding disfavor with which Anglo-Persian agreement is received.
702
Sept. 2 (1245) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Anglo-Persian agreement of Aug. 9, 1919 (text printed), arranging for military and economic reform and for loan.
703
Sept. 4 To the Minister in Persia (tel.)
Instructions to deny that America has refused to aid Persia and to express surprise at agreement which would seem to indicate that Persia does not desire U.S. support.
707
Sept. 13 (3039) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Letter from Curzon (text printed) denying secrecy of negotiations with Persia, making representations against publication in Teheran of U.S. comment on treaty, and likening agreement with Persia to that between the United States and Liberia; Ambassador’s reply (text printed) giving House’s version of conversation with Curzon on treaty.
708
Sept. 16 (1330) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Note from Curzon (text printed) stating his recollection of conversation with House on treaty.
711
Sept. 19 (5970) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Public announcement in Persia that report of U.S. and French protests against treaty is unfounded; instructions to inquire whether announcement has Foreign Office sanction and if so to protest it as misleading.
712
[Page LXIX]Sept. 23 (3098) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Request for further instructions regarding U.S. attitude toward various phases of Anglo-Persian treaty discussion.
713
Oct. 4 (6049) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Review of correspondence regarding treaty with explanation of U.S. disapproval of agreement; dissimilarity of Liberian and Persian problems and negotiations.
714
Oct. 8 (3205) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Communication to Foreign Office of substance of telegram No. 6049 with slight modifications.
717
Dec. 18 (3558) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Desire of Foreign Office that publication of correspondence concerning agreement will not be permitted, pending further discussion.
717
Dec. 19 (6290) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Unauthorized publication of summary of correspondence regarding Anglo-Persian treaty.
718
Dec. 22 Department Memorandum
Discussion with Persian Minister of Anglo-Persian agreement and correspondence thereon on eve of his departure for conference with the Shah.
718

PERU

Political Affairs

presumptive election of augusto b. leguía as president—overthrow of president pardo, july 4, 1919; assumption of power by leguía as provisional president—new congressional elections and plebiscite on constitutional reforms; victory of the government—recognition by the united states of leguía as head of the “de facto” government, august 28—his inauguration as constitutional president, october 12—continued designation of his government by the united states as “de facto”

Date and number Subject Page
May 20 From the Consul General at Callao-Lima (tel.)
Indications of election of Leguía as President.
720
July 4 From the Consul General at Callao-Lima (tel.)
Imprisonment of President Pardo and installation of Leguía in his stead; rumor of Pardo plot to nullify Leguía election.
720
July 4 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Report of Leguía’s coup d’état; cancelation of Fourth of July reception at the Legation to avoid complications.
720
July 4 From the Consul General at Callao-Lima (tel.)
Leguía’s explanation of seizure of Provisional Presidency and assurance of just treatment of prisoners.
721
July 4 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Personnel of Leguía’s cabinet; plans for new congressional elections.
721
[Page LXX]1919 July 5 From the Consul General at Callao-Lima (tel.)
Appointment of Leguía cabinet; acceptance of new government by all provinces.
722
July 5 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Leguía’s proclamation assuming Provisional Presidency; assurances of constitutional reform.
722
July 6 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Receipt of note from Foreign Office announcing formation of Leguía provisional government; report of situation in Peru.
722
July 7 To the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Inquiries regarding conclusiveness of presidential elections and present status of new government.
723
July 8 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Information regarding status of new regime; probability of new elections and constitutional reform.
723
July 8 To the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Further inquiries regarding past and approaching elections.
724
July 9 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Arrangement by Italian Minister for departure of Pardo from Peru without renunciation of Presidency.
725
July 9 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Diplomatic corps’ decision not to take action regarding recognition of Leguía regime prior to departure of Pardo.
725
July 10 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Leguía’s plan to issue decree regarding elections in near future.
726
July 11 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Leguía’s decree, July 10 (text printed), calling for new congressional elections and constitutional reforms.
726
July 12 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Departure of Pardo for Paris.
728
July 12 To the Consul General at Callao-Lima (tel.)
Request for information regarding private interview with Leguía.
728
July 13 From the Consul General at Callao-Lima (tel.)
Explanation of accidental and unofficial character of interview with Leguía.
729
July 16 From the British Embassy
Statement of Great Britain’s instructions to its representative in Peru to act in concert with French, Italian, and U.S. colleagues or with majority, regarding recognition of new government.
729
July 18 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Refusal of Supreme Court to consider contested election cases; futility of meeting of Congress prior to new elections.
729
[Page LXXI]July 21 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Acknowledgment by practically all diplomatic representatives of note announcing formation of Leguía’s provisional government.
730
July 26 From the Peruvian Chargé
Foreign Office cable (text printed) announcing assumption of power by Provisional President.
730
July 29 To the British Embassy
Deferred action regarding U.S. recognition of new government of Peru.
731
Aug. 1 From the Special Assistant
Report of arguments in favor of Leguía’s recognition advanced by Pezet, on special mission from Peru.
731
Aug. 5 To the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Request for statement of popular attitude toward assumption of power by Leguía.
732
Aug. 9 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Opinion that Leguía has control over Army, can overcome opposition, and was probably real victor in elections.
732
Aug. 15 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Postponement of congressional election and of plebiscite on constitutional reforms.
734
Aug. 26 From the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Victory for government as result of elections.
734
Aug. 28 To the Minister in Peru (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office of U.S. recognition of Leguía as head of de facto Government.
734
Sept. 4 To the Peruvian Chargé
U.S. recognition of Leguía as head of de facto Government.
735
Sept. 5 (380) From the Minister in Peru
Peru’s cordial reception of U.S. notification of de facto recognition; recognition by French and British.
735
Sept. 6 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Recognition of Peruvian Government by other powers.
736
Sept. 11 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Imprisonment of certain Pardo adherents to prevent assassination of Leguía; mob violence as protest against plot to overthrow administration.
736
Sept. 27 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Postponement of inauguration of Leguía.
737
Oct. 4 (400) From the Chargé in Peru
Installation of new Congress and its ratification of acts of provisional Government.
737
Oct. 4 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Further postponement of inauguration of Leguía as Constitutional President; inquiry as to propriety of Chargé’s presence at ceremony.
738
[Page LXXII]Oct. 7 To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Permission to attend inauguration with understanding that Government will continue to be designated by the United States as de facto.
738
Oct. 14 From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Inauguration of Leguía as President.
739
Oct. 15 (408) From the Chargé in Peru
Foreign Office note (text printed) conveying formal notification of Leguía’s assumption of office of Constitutional President.
739

POLAND

Recognition by the United States of the Polish Provisional Government, January 22, 1919—Exchange of Ministers

Date and number Subject Page
Jan. 22 (395) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Message sent to Paderewski (text printed) extending U.S. recognition to Provisional Polish Government.
741
Apr. 15 (1626) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Appointment and acceptance of Hugh S. Gibson as Minister to Poland.
741
May 2 (1) From the Minister in Poland
Presentation of letters of credence; Minister’s remarks and reply of Chief of Polish State (texts printed).
742
Aug. 18 The Chief of the Polish State to President Wilson
Letter of credence of Lubomirski as Minister to the United States.
745
Nov. 1 To the Polish Appointed Minister
Recognition as appointed Minister until such time as the President may receive him formally.
745

Treatment of Jews in Poland

reports of pogroms in december, 1918; representations of the American government to the polish national committee—agitation in the united states, april–june, 1919, concerning reported outrages—reports by the american minister of investigations under his direction—appointment of a special investigation commission; report of the commission

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 2 (6492) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Polish National Committee: Representations regarding reported pogroms against Jews in Poland.
746
Dec. 4 (6516) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Reported increase of pogroms against Jews in Poland; instructions to take up matter with Polish National Committee.
746
[Page LXXIII]Dec. 6 (6157) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Statement by head of Polish National Committee in Paris of helplessness of Polish people to prevent disorders prior to establishment of authoritative government; minimization of attacks on Jews.
746
Dec. 10 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Polish approval of mission of Associated Powers to investigate pogroms in Poland in accordance with suggestion of Jews.
748
1919 Apr. 25 To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to investigate reported massacre of Jews by Poles at Pinsk.
748
Undated [Rec’d May 17] (9) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Inaccuracy of massacre reports; investigation of Pinsk massacre by committee of Poles and Jews appointed by Diet.
748
May 21 (9) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to rush report in view of wide discussion of disturbance by press and conflicting statements by Poles and Jews.
749
May 23 (12) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Continued agitation in the United States against alleged attacks on Jews; necessity for full and prompt reports on situation.
749
May 28 (17) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to give investigation of attacks on Jews precedence over other matters.
750
May 30 (35) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Ascribing of attacks involving Jews to economic rather than political causes; denial of Jewish massacre at Vilna.
750
May 30 (36) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Request for details of pogroms; suggestion for committee of investigation.
751
May 31 (38) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Interview with Polish Chief of State regarding Jewish situation; official orders for protection of Jews.
752
May 31 (40) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Lieutenant Foster’s report on Pinsk affair (text printed) indicating execution was anti-Bolshevik and not anti-Jewish act.
753
June 1 (41) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Report of Chenstokhov riots involving Jews, and restoration of order.
755
June 2 (44) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Observations upon questions affecting Jews in Poland, giving background of present disturbances and suggestions for solution of problems.
756
[Page LXXIV]June 3 (23) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to make personal investigation of alleged pogroms with assistance of Bogen and Bailey.
760
June 8 (55) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Likelihood of disorders; reasons for their probable anti-Jewish character.
760
June 10 (26) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Report in U.S. press regarding persecution of Jews at Vilna.
761
June 11 (62) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Further official investigation of Pinsk affair.
762
June 12 (63) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Foster’s report of general riots in Cracow and restoration of order by military patrols.
762
June 14 (2563) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Inquiry whether Department has issued press statement on Jewish situation in Poland.
763
June 15 (69) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Details of disorder at Vilna; exaggerated character of U.S. press report.
763
June 15 (75?) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
General Haller’s order (text printed) designed to stop persecution of Jews.
764
June 17 (2326) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing: Efforts to postpone further action on Polish affairs pending receipt of report from Gibson, Bailey, and Bogen.
(Instructions to repeat to Minister in Poland for information.)
764
June 17 (70) From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Investigation by Gibson, Bailey, and Bogen of disturbance at Vilna and conclusions reached.
765
June 20 (32) To the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Inquiries as to concurrence of Bogen in conclusions reached regarding Vilna affair.
768
June 20 From the Minister in Poland (tel.)
Attributing of excesses against Jews to abnormal conditions; efforts to improve public attitude toward Jews.
768
June 25 From the Minister in Poland Temporarily at Paris (tel.)
Affirmation of Bogen’s concurrence in joint report on Vilna.
769
June 26 To the Senate of the United States
Statement of investigations made prior to passage of and in response to Senate resolution of May 26, regarding reported outrages against Jews in Poland and Rumania.
769
June 28 (2456) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statements given to the press by Department (texts printed) regarding Jewish situation in Poland.
771
[Page LXXV]July 2 (2923) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Presidential appointment of commission headed by Morgenthau to investigate relations between Poles and Jews in Poland.
772
1920 Jan. 14 To President Wilson
Reports of Morgenthau and other commissioners on investigation of Jewish situation in Poland (texts printed).
773

SALVADOR

Earthquake of April 28, 1919—Assistance of the American Red Cross

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Apr. 28 From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Report of earthquake.
801
Apr. 28 From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Declaration of martial law as result of earthquake.
801
Apr. 29 From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Request for Red Cross tents.
801
Apr. 30 To the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Expressions of sympathy and regret; notification to Red Cross of request for tents.
801
May 2 To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain if tents are available for use of earthquake sufferers in Salvador.
802
May 2 (438) From the Chargé in Salvador
Account of destruction and destitution caused by earthquake, including damage to Legation.
802
May 9 From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Report that tents in Guatemala are unfit for service.
803
May 9 (442) From the Chargé in Salvador
Assistance rendered earthquake sufferers.
804
May 23 To the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Availability of tents in Canal Zone for Salvadoran use.
805
May 25 From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Arrangements for procurement, distribution, and care of tents from Canal Zone.
805
[Page LXXVI]

SPAIN

Agreement between the United States and Spain Extending the Duration of the Arbitration Convention of April 20, 1908

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Jan. 29 (76) From the Spanish Ambassador
Proposal for renewal, for another term of 5 years, of arbitration convention between Spain and the United States.
806
Feb. 6 To the Spanish Ambassador
Submission of draft agreement extending arbitration convention with request for Spanish equivalent.
806
Mar. 8 Agreement between the United States and Spain
Text of agreement extending for another 5 years the arbitration convention of Apr. 20, 1908.
807

TURKEY

Appointment of an American Commissioner, November 30, 1918—Reopening of Consulates—Appointment of a High Commissioner, August 12, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 30 (3435) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
For Lewis Heck: Appointment as Commissioner at Constantinople; retention of direction of diplomatic affairs by Swedish Legation.
810
Dec. 27 To the Secretary of the Navy
Information regarding appointment of Commissioner in Turkey, without renewal of diplomatic relations.
810
1919 Jan. 21 (2) To the Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Instructions as to duties; assignment of Bristol as senior American naval officer.
810
Mar. 5 To the Consul General at Nantes (tel.)
Appointment as consul general at Constantinople; instructions looking toward reestablishment of consular service in Turkey.
811
May 3 (90) To the Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Instructions to assume title of Commissioner at Constantinople, succeeding Heck, in addition to duties as consul general.
812
Aug. 12 (2809) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Admiral Bristol’s appointment as High Commissioner at Constantinople, subject to State Department instructions in political matters.
812
[Page LXXVII]

Reopening of Trade, February 17, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Feb. 8 (7119) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
McCormick to War Trade Board: Resolutions of Supreme Blockade Council regarding early abolition of trade restrictions in certain Near Eastern countries, including Turkey.
813
Feb. 13 (7188) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
McCormick to War Trade Board: Supreme Economic Council’s approval of immediate abolition of trade restrictions for certain Near Eastern countries, including Turkey.
814
Feb. 20 (7475) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For McFadden: Announcement in the United States of reopening of trade with Bulgaria, Turkey in Europe, certain Turkish territory in Asia, and all ports on Black Sea.
814

Termination of Court Actions Conflicting with the Capitulations

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. 8 (53) From the Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Representations by Allied High Commissioners against abrogation of capitulations by Turkey; request for similar action by the United States.
814
Mar. 20 (1569) To the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Instructions to request Government to transmit note (text printed) to Turkish Government concurring in action taken by Entente High Commissioners regarding abrogation of capitulations.
815
Nov. 7 From the Consul General at Smyrna (tel.)
Postponement of court action in British, French, Italian, and Greek cases which conflict with capitulations; discrimination against U.S. citizens.
815
Dec. 13 (293) To the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Instructions to take necessary steps to prevent discrimination against U.S. citizens in Turkish courts.
816
1920 Jan. 26 (67) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Decision of Council of Ministers to extend to U.S. citizens treatment in judicial matters similar to that afforded British, French, and Italians.
816

Relief Work in Turkish Territories

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 20 (2920) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Inquiry concerning possible objection to proposed relief measures of American Committee on Armenian and Syrian Relief for oppressed nationalities of Turkish Empire.
(Instructions to repeat, mutatis mutandis, to Paris.)
817
Nov. 29 (6069) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
According of facilities by France to shipments from Armenian and Syrian Relief Society.
817
[Page LXXVIII]Dec. 5 (4347) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) offering assistance to mission proposed by Armenian and Syrian Relief Society.
818
Dec. 19 (1396) From the Counselor of the British Embassy
Message from President of Robert College (text printed) inquiring date of relief shipment and requesting gold and coal.
818
Dec. 23 To the Counselor of the British Embassy
Date of sailing of relief expedition for Turkey; impossibility of carrying gold or coal.
819
1919 Jan. 16 (4095) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Dispatch of 3 relief ships to Turkey; request for safe passage through Dardenelles and into Turkish ports.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris.)
819
Jan. 23 (6893) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Foreign Office statement that desired facilities will be given relief ships bound for Turkey.
820
Feb. 12 (891) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British instructions to Mediterranean forces to afford relief mission all practical facilities.
820
Nov. 11 From the Executive Committee of Near East Relief
Report of destitution and urgent need for Government aid in securing funds and foodstuffs for the Near East.
821
Nov. 17 (3796) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk and Haskell: Authorization for Wheat Director and President of Grain Corp. to sell wheat to Armenia on credit or otherwise.
824

Efforts in Behalf of the Armenians

memorandum of recommendations from paris—appointment of colonel haskell as high commissioner and director of relief and of general harbord as chief of a military mission of investigation—appeals for postponement of withdrawal of british forces from the transcaucasus—warning addressed by the president to turkish authorities of the consequences of further massacres, august 16, 1919; turkish reply, august 25—french proposal to occupy southern armenia—report of the harbord mission

Date and number Subject Page
June 28 (2461) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Message from Hughes Committee to the President (text printed) urging immediate aid in subjugation of territory by Armenians.
824
July 3 (2961) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Hughes Committee: Hoover–Morgenthau memorandum (text printed) summarizing relief needs and recommending foreign protectorate over Armenia.
825
[Page LXXIX]1919 July 5 (2982) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram sent to the President by Hoover and Morgenthau (text printed) recommending appointment of Haskell as High Commissioner and Director of Relief and Harbord as chief of military mission of investigation in Armenia.
826
July 11 (3076) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Lansing: Appointment of Haskell as High Commissioner in Armenia and Director of Relief.
827
Aug. 1 (2695) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Approval of Hoover-Morgenthau recommendation for Harbord mission of investigation in Armenia.
828
Aug. 9 (5792) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Message from American Mission (text printed) urging appeal to British against immediate withdrawal of troops from Batum; instructions to make proper representations.
828
Aug. 11 (5795) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to urge British not to withdraw troops from Batum at present.
828
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 12] (3629) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Failure of powers to take action on Haskell’s request that British be urged to revoke evacuation order.
829
Aug. 12 (2766) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Interview with Curzon disclosing unwillingness to postpone British evacuation of Armenia; British proposal for U.S. mandate.
829
Aug. 15 (2801) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) stating evacuation of Batum will be delayed and again suggesting possibility of U.S. mandate.
830
Aug. 16 (2849) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
The President’s instructions to warn Turkish authorities of possible change in peace terms in event of mistreatment of Armenians.
(Instructions to repeat to High Commissioner at Constantinople for communication to Turkish authorities.)
831
Aug. 20 (2885) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Advisability of discussing with Allied delegates emergency measures to prevent bloodshed and other lawlessness in Armenia.
832
Aug. 20 (2840) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) suggesting that the United States assume mandate over Armenia and bear expenses of retaining British forces there prior to sending own troops.
832
Aug. 23 (3856) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Inquiry as to U.S. attitude toward bearing expenses of military assistance in Armenia and toward U.S. mandate.
833
[Page LXXX]Aug. 23 (5867) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Impossibility of maintaining forces in Armenia, in view of U.S. political situation; necessity for basing appeal to Great Britain on humanitarian grounds.
834
Aug. 25 (2939) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Transmittal of telegram No. 5867, sent Aug. 23 to Ambassador in Great Britain.
834n
Aug. 25 (157) From the Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Grand Vizier’s reply (text printed) to the President’s message on Armenian situation, requesting power to increase Turkish Army and thus afford protection.
835
Aug. 26 (5874) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to make representations regarding Allied responsibility and obligations in Near East and possible consequences of withdrawal of British troops.
836
Aug. 26 (2897) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office opinion that some measures can be devised for protection of Armenians.
837
Aug. 29 (2918) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Previous discussion with Curzon on lines suggested by Department.
837
Aug. 30 (3960) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Request for instructions on French proposal to send troops to protect Armenia.
838
Sept. 2 (3021) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Department’s approval of immediate replacement of British troops by French, in view of possible massacres in Armenia.
838
Sept. 20 (3193) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Divergent attitudes of Congress and the President toward supplying military aid to Armenia.
839
Sept. 22 (4312) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Replacement of British troops in Armenia by French; inadequacy of French occupation or proposed joint occupation with U.S. troops for protection of Russian Armenia.
840
Oct. 16 From the Chief of the Military Mission to Armenia
Report of mission on history and present situation of Armenia and desirability of U.S. mandate therefor, together with exhibits describing Turkish Nationalist movement under Mustapha Kemal Pasha.
841
Dec. 4 (101) From the High Commissioner at Constantinople (tel.)
Report on present conditions in Caucasus.
889
[Page LXXXI]

YUGOSLAVIA

Recognition by the United States of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, February 7, 1919

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 11 (176) From the Serbian Chargé
Request for recognition of National Council in Zagreb as representative of Serbians, Croatians and Slovenes within boundaries of former Austria-Hungary, pending organization of state.
892
1919 Undated [Rec’d Jan. 6] From the Serbian Chargé
Proclamation of union of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in a single kingdom with Crown Prince Alexander as regent; admission of Montenegro to union.
892
Jan. 10 (147) From the Chargé in Yugoslavia
Prince Regent’s proclamation (text printed) outlining formation and plans of new government.
893
Feb. 6 (622) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Secretary of State’s statement for publication (text printed) approving union of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
899
Feb. 10 (2) To the Yugoslav Minister
U.S. recognition of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, reserving to the Peace Conference the determination of territorial frontiers.
899
[Page [LXXXII]]