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Status of the Treaties of the Conference

The Paris Peace Conference produced many treaties related to and in addition to the main treaties of peace. A list is here given of these instruments with relevant data concerning their validity and with notes giving the details of action by the United States with respect to each.

Treaty of peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany, signed at Versailles June 28, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses on January 10, 1920, 4:15 p.m.

Submitted to the Senate by the President July 10, 1919 (S. Doc. 50, 66th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7608); the Senate failed to give its advice and consent to ratification on November 19, 1919 and March 19, 1920; by Senate resolution of March 19, 1920 it was “resolved, that the Secretary of the Senate be instructed to return to the President the Treaty of Peace with Germany … and respectfully inform the President that the Senate has failed to advise and consent to the ratification of the said treaty, being unable to obtain the constitutional majority therefor”; S. Doc. 49 (66th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7608); S. Doc. 50 (66th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7608); S. Doc. 51 (66th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7596); C. F. Redmond (ed.), Treaties, Conventions, etc., between the United States of America and Other Powers, 1910–23, iii, 3329; Unperfected Treaties I–5.

Protocol to the treaty of peace with Germany, signed at Versailles June 28, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses of the treaty of peace, January 10, 1920, 4:15 p.m.

Submitted to the Senate by the President July 31, 1919; considered by the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations February 10, 1920; failed with the treaty; returned to the Secretary of State by Senate resolution of February 12, 1935; S. Doc. 66 (66th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7608); Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3522; Unperfected Treaties G–9 and I–5.

Agreement between the United States and France to secure for the Republic of France the immediate aid of the United States in case of unprovoked aggression on the part of Germany, with mutual dependent agreement between the French Republic and the United Kingdom, signed at Versailles June 28, 1919; did not enter into force.

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Submitted to the Senate by the President July 29, 1919; not considered by the Senate; returned to the Secretary of State by Senate resolution of February 12, 1935; S. Doc. 63 (66 Cong., 1st sess., serial 7600); Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3709; Unperfected Treaties H–9.

Agreement between the United States, Belgium, British Empire, and France and Germany with regard to the military occupation of the territories of the Rhine, signed at Versailles June 28, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses of the treaty of peace on January 10, 1920.

Submitted to the Senate by the President August 29, 1919; considered by the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations February 10, 1920; filed with the Department of State February 1, 1922; printed as S. Docs. 75 and 81 (66th Cong., 1st sess., serials 7600 and 7608); Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3524; Unperfected Treaties M–5.

Treaty between the United States of America, the British Empire, France, Italy, and Japan and Poland, signed at Versailles June 28, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses of the treaty of peace on January 10, 1920.

Submitted to the Senate by the President August 29, 1919; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 82 (66th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7600); Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3714; Unperfected Treaties J–5.

Treaty of peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Austria, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses on July 16, 1920, 11 a.m.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; the Conditions of Peace, submitted to Austria on June 2, published as S. Doc. 92 (66th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7604); not considered by the Senate; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3149; Unperfected Treaties O–9.

Protocol supplementary to treaty of peace with Austria, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses of the treaty of peace on July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3295; Unperfected Treaties O–9.

Declaration regarding shipping losses supplementary to the treaty of peace with Austria, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September [Page 31]10, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses of the treaty of peace on July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3297; Unperfected Treaties O–9.

Special declaration on blockade of Hungary supplementary to the treaty of peace with Austria, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses of the treaty of peace on July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3298; Unperfected Treaties O–9.

Protocol of signature of the treaty of peace with Austria and other treaty instruments, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; force exhausted September 13, 1919.

Submission to the Senate not necessary; 112 British and Foreign State Papers, p. 530; file 763.72119/9750.

Agreement concerning the contributions to the cost of the liberation of the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force with the treaty of peace with Austria on July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 16; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3299; Unperfected Treaties P–9.

Agreement with regard to the Italian reparation payments, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force with the treaty of peace with Austria July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 13; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3301; Unperfected Treaties R–9.

Treaty between the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and Czechoslovakia, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3699; Unperfected Treaties U–9.

Treaty between the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force with the treaty of peace with Austria on July 16, 1920.

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Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 5; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3731; Unperfected Treaties X–9.

Declaration of accession by the Serb-Croat-Slovene State to the treaty of peace with Austria, the treaty between the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, and the agreements with regard to the Italian reparation payments and the contributions to the cost of liberation of the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, signed at Paris December 5, 1919; in force on entry into force of the respective instruments.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; United Kingdom, Treaty Series 8 (1920); file 763.72119/9750.

Convention revising the general act of Berlin of February 26, 1885 and the general act and declaration of Brussels of July 2, 1890, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force July 31, 1920.

Submitted to the Senate by the President May 22, 1928; ratification advised by the Senate with an understanding April 3, 1930; ratified by the President subject to the understanding April 11, 1930; ratification of the United States deposited with the Government of the French Republic October 29, 1934; in effect for the United States on October 29, 1934; Treaty Series 877; 49 Stat. 3027; Edward J. Trenwith, Treaties, Conventions, etc., between the United States of America and Other Powers, 1923–37, iv, 4849.

Convention relating to the liquor traffic in Africa, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; entered into force July 31, 1920.

Submitted to the Senate by the President May 22, 1928; ratification advised by the Senate with reservation February 28, 1929; ratified by the President subject to the Senate reservation March 7, 1929; ratification of the United States deposited with the Government of the French Republic March 22, 1929; Treaty Series 779; 46 Stat. 2199; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923–37, iv, 4856.

Protocol to the convention relating to the liquor traffic in Africa, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; applicable until convention entered into force.

Submission to the Senate not required; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3751.

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Convention for the control of the trade in arms and ammunition, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Paris September 10, 1919; did not enter into force.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 26; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3752; Unperfected Treaties Y–9.

Protocol to the convention for the control of trade in arms and ammunition, signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919; did not enter into force.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3766; Unperfected Treaties Y–9; certified copy also filed in the National Archives with Treaty Series 779.

Declaration concerning the canceling of article 61 of the German Constitution, signed by the German delegate to the peace conference in the presence of the representatives of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers at Versailles, September 22, 1919.

Submission to the Senate not necessary; file 763.72119/7621.

Declaration modifying the agreement of September 10, 1919 between the Allied and Associated Powers concerning the contributions to the cost of the liberation of the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, signed at Paris December 8, 1919; entered into force July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3303; Unperfected Treaties Q–9.

Declaration modifying the agreement of September 10, 1919 between the Allied and Associated Powers with regard to the Italian reparation payments, signed at Paris December 8, 1919; entered into force July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3305; Unperfected Treaties S–9.

Treaty between the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and Rumania, signed at Paris December 9, 1919; entered into force July 16, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 40; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3724; Unperfected Treaties W–9.

Treaty of peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Bulgaria, signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine November 27, 1919; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses August 9, 1920.

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The United States Congress had not adopted a joint resolution declaring a state of war with Bulgaria; not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; no “treaty restoring friendly relations” was made with Bulgaria; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 47; Unperfected Treaties T–9.

Protocol to the treaty of peace with Bulgaria, signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine November 27, 1919; entered into force August 9, 1920.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67 Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 162; Unperfected Treaties T–9.

Protocol of signature to the treaty of peace with Bulgaria, signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine, November 27, 1919; force exhausted December 5, 1919.

Submission to the Senate not necessary; file 763.72119/8167 and /11705.

Treaty of peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Hungary, signed at Trianon June 4, 1920; entered into force in accordance with the final clauses on July 26, 1921.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 163; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3539; Unperfected Treaties V–9.

Protocol to the treaty of peace with Hungary, signed at Trianon June 4, 1920; entered into force July 26, 1921.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 318; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3696; Unperfected Treaties V–9.

Declaration on shipping losses accompanying the treaty of peace with Hungary; signed at Trianon June 4, 1920; entered into force July 26, 1921.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; not considered by the Senate; S. Doc. 7 (67th Cong., 1st sess., serial 7924), p. 319; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3697; Unperfected Treaties V–9.

Convention relating to the regulation of aerial navigation, opened for signature at Paris, October 13, 1919–June 1, 1920; signed for the United States May 31, 1920; entered into force on July 11, 1922.

Submitted to the Senate by the President June 16, 1926; withdrawn by the President by message of January 12, 1934; Foreign Relations, [Page 35]1926, i, 152; Treaties, Conventions, etq., 1910–23, iii, 3768; Unperfected Treaties T–8.

Additional protocol to the convention regulating aerial navigation, signed at Paris May 1, 1920; entered into force on July 16, 1922. Submitted to the Senate by the President June 16, 1926; withdrawn by the President by message of January 12, 1934; Foreign Relations, 1926, i, 166; Executive O, 69th Cong., 1st sess.; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910–23, iii, 3817; Unperfected Treaties T–8.

Protocol amending article 5 of the convention regulating aerial navigation, signed at London October 27, 1922; entered into force on December 14, 1926. Submitted to the Senate by the President June 16, 1926; withdrawn by the President by message of January 12, 1934; Foreign Relations, 1926, i, 167; Executive O, 69th Cong., 1st sess.; Unperfected Treaties T–8.

Protocol amending article 34 of the convention, signed at London June 30, 1923; entered into force on December 14, 1926.

Submitted to the Senate by the President June 16, 1926; withdrawn by the President by message of January 12, 1934; Foreign Relations, 1926, i, 169; Executive O, 69th Cong., 1st sess.; Unperfected Treaties T–8.

Protocol relative to amendments to articles 3, 5, 7, 15, 34, 37, 41, 42, and the final clauses of the convention, signed at Paris January 15, 1929 and subsequently approved in draft with reservations by the United States representative sitting with the International Commission for Air Navigation; not in force.

Not submitted to the Senate by the President; International Commission for Air Navigation, Official Bulletin, 1929.

Treaty recognizing the sovereignty of Norway over Spitsbergen, signed at Paris February 9, 1920; entered into force August 14, 1925.

Submitted to the Senate by the President January 14, 1924; ratification advised by the Senate February 18, 1924; ratified by the President March 4, 1924; ratification deposited with the Government of the French Republic April 2, 1924; Treaty Series 686; 43 Stat. 1892; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923–37, iv, 4861.

Treaty between the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and Poland, Rumania, the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, and the Czechoslovak State relative to certain frontiers of these states, signed at Sèvres August 10, 1920; did not enter into force.

Made in the name of the United States but not signed on its behalf; 113 British and Foreign State Papers, p. 866.