Minister Squiers to the Secretary of State.

No. 1227.]

Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a translation of the President’s message of April 3, 1905, on the assembling of the seventh session of the legislative bodies.

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Under foreign relations the President states that Cuba has become a party to the conventions and agreements concerning the international registry of trade-marks and the repression of false entries of origin of merchandise, exchanged ratifications of a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation with Italy and treaties of extradition of criminals with Great Britain and the United States, and expect soon a similar treaty with Belgium.

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To the United States under the head of commerce will be found the most important item of interest. It is here shown that Cuba’s total trade has increased some $27,256,000 during the past year. Of this $13,617,000 were imports. The increase in the import trade with the United States was $7,039,000; with Great Britain, $1,884,000; with Germany, $1,100,000; with Spain, $594,000; with France, $852,000. To show how favorable the reciprocity treaty has been to the United States, Mr. Palma states that comparing 1903 with 1904 our trade has increased just 2 per cent.

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I have, etc.,

H. G. Squiers.

Extracts from the President’s Message of April 3, 1905.

To Congress:

The seventh legislative session of the National Congress begins to-day, and in compliance with article 68 of the constitution I address this message to both colegislative bodies.

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foreign relations.

On January 11 last Señor Manuel Alvarez Calderon presented his credentials as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Peru. On our part, diplomatic relations have been initiated with the Republic of Haiti, accrediting Señor Jorge A. Campuzano as chargé [Page 286] d’affaires before the government of that Republic; and as soon as the Senate approves the appointment of Señor Emilio Ferrer y Picabia for the post of minister plenipotentiary in France and Italy, our legation in Rome shall have been established, thus responding to the honor with which long since the Italian Government distinguished us.

Elementary duties of international courtesy impel me to reiterate the indication made in previous messages with respect to the advisability of sending a special mission to the Central and South American countries for the purpose of establishing friendly relations with those sister nations and strengthening the currents of sympathy with which they ever distinguished us, it being possible, besides, to concert commercial treaties which shall tend to favor certain of our national industries.

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With the previous approval of the Senate, Cuba has become a party to the conventions and agreements concerning the international registry of trade-marks and the repression of false indications of origin of merchandise. Such conventions and agreements are the complement of the International Union for the Protection of Industrial Property, to which we had already become a party. Ratifications have been exchanged of the treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation with Italy, and the treaties of extradition of criminals with Great Britain and with the United States, and ratifications should be exchanged within a short time of a similar treaty negotiated with Belgium.

The Senate of the United States closed its sessions in the last Congress without having approved the treaty recognizing our sovereignty over the Isle of Pines. Nevertheless, knowing, as we all know in Cuba, the essentially moral character of the American people and the noble disinterestedness, unexemplified in the world’s history, with which they lent us aid that we might become an independent nation, there is no reason to doubt that, during the next Congress, that august body, inspired as it ever is with an upright spirit of justice, shall approve the treaty, thus responding to the honorable purposes of the illustrious citizen who to-day exercises the first magistracy of the great Republic.

Cuba has been invited to participate in several fairs and congresses, for example, the Railway Congress, to be held in Washington in the month of May next year; the Congress of Commercial Bodies and Commercial and Industrial Associations of Belgium; the Congress of Navigation, to be held in Milan next year.

For the purpose of stimulating the immigration of laborers from Spain, instructions were given to our consular agents there to disseminate, principally in the rural districts, the advantages open in Cuba to the honest laborer through the good treatment which he receives and the high wages which he is paid, which permits him to abundantly provide for his necessities and accumulate some savings. Those functionaries are effectively complying with the instructions transmitted.

The consulate of the Republic in Liverpool has begun the installation of a commercial museum, where Cuban exhibitors, in addition to adequately exhibiting their goods, may obtain information and references conducive to the better placing of Cuban products.

I beg to call attention to the allusion made in my messages of April and November last year, relative to the Brussels Sugar Convention, and to the indication which I made in that of March 2 last as to the advisability of authorizing the President to modify paragraphs 293 and 294 of the tariff, by means of which the English market would be opened to our sugars, whether we become a party of the said convention or not.

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